Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium herb oil
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium leaf oil
290.70  bicyclogermacrene
264.00  bornyl acetate
30.40  camphene
164.90  camphor
24trace  carvone
250.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
924.501,8- cineole
231.00  cuminaldehyde
82.80para- cymene
270.60beta- elemene
287.20  germacrene D
100.80  limonene
150.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
200.60  myrtenal
221.60  myrtenol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
51.10beta- pinene
170.50trans- pinocarveol
181.10  pinocarvone
45.40  sabinene
1210.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
144.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
195.60  terpinen-4-ol
71.10alpha- terpinene
111.80gamma- terpinene
211.20alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from leaves and flowers of Achilea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 219-222 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

allamanda cathartica flower oil brazil
118.70  benzyl isothiocyanate
180.30  bicyclogermacrene
190.10delta- cadinene
1515.70beta- caryophyllene
120.30alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
130.60beta- cubebene
9trace  cumin alcohol
2120.20  dendrolasin
140.50beta- elemene
80.10  geraniol
171.70  germacrene D
160.90alpha- humulene
439.30  linalool
30.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
20.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
7trace  nerol
200.10(E)- nerolidol
10.30  phenyl acetaldehyde
60.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 322, (2000)
angelica archangelica seed oil CO2 extract
340.60  bicyclogermacrene
35tracebeta- bisabolene
151.80  bornyl acetate
360.30gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
61.70delta-3- carene
280.50beta- caryophyllene
292.00iso caryophyllene
26tracebeta- cedrene
460.50  cedrol
16trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
172.30  chrysanthenyl acetate
390.40alpha- copaen-11-ol
401.10alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.20alpha- copaene
23tracealpha- cubebene
210.40  cumin alcohol
38trace  cuparene
22tracepara- cymen-8-ol
130.80para- cymene
490.70(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
441.30  dihydroeudesmol
500.60(E,E)-2,4- dodecadien-1-al
27tracebeta- elemene
251.30gamma- elemene
413.60  elemol
451.50beta- eudesmol
310.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
321.70  germacrene D
601.60  heptadecanyl acetate
590.60  hexadecanol
470.70  hexanal
91.70  limonene
33tracegamma- muurolene
81.20  myrcene
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
610.90  octadecanol
540.90  pentadecanol
587.7015- pentadecanolide
191.40  phellandral
70.50alpha- phellandrene
1016.70beta- phellandrene
211.80alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
430.60  rosifoliol
59.10  sabinene
303.50beta- selinene
420.30  spathulenol
110.20gamma- terpinene
14trace  terpinolene
510.40  tetradecanal
532.60  tetradecanol
570.50  tetradecanyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
200.20(Z)- thujenol
370.60  thujopsene
520.50  tridecanal
180.304,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
48trace5- undecen-3-yne

K. M. Kerrola and H. P. Kallio, Extraction of volatile compounds of Angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) root by liquid carbon dioxide. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 2234-2245 (1994).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

artemisia afra oil wild zimbabwe
22trace-0.30  artemisyl alcohol
166.30-14.90  artemisyl ketone
19trace-0.10  artemisyl acetate
330.20-0.50  bicyclogermacrene
310.60-3.40  borneol
260.30-1.50  bornyl acetate
350.50-0.80delta- cadinene
380.10-0.90  calamenene
40.30-3.90  camphene
238.50-27.10 camphor + alpha-copaene
270.50-2.30beta- caryophyllene
39trace-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
110.10-27.901,8- cineole
36trace-0.50  cuminaldehyde
140.30-2.00para- cymene
90.10-0.20  dihydro-1,8-cineole
30.20-1.00alpha- fenchene
42trace-0.40  intermedeol
100.10-0.50  limonene
290.20-0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
250.20-0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40trace-0.10  methyl linolenate
41trace-0.50T- muurolol
70.10-1.10  myrcene
37trace-0.10  myrtenol
120.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
50.10-0.70beta- pinene
20.40-1.10alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
340.10-0.70(E)- piperitol
60.10-2.60  sabinene
241.80-4.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.20-0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.10-10.10  santolina alcohol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.10-1.10alpha- terpinene
130.30-1.90gamma- terpinene
320.10-0.70alpha- terpineol
300.10-2.50delta- terpineol
150.10-0.50  terpinolene
181.00-2.90alpha- thujone
20tracebeta- thujone
10.10-0.20  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia annua herb oil france
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy
21trace  aromadendrene
2714.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.90 bisabolene endoperoxide
397.00alpha- bisabolol
421.70alpha-bisabolol oxide
220.10iso borneol
30tracedelta- cadinene
440.50alpha- cadinol
320.20  calamenene
2trace  camphene
18trace  camphor
430.90  carvacrol
340.30  caryophyllene oxide
371.00  cedrol
70.201,8- cineole
170.40alpha- copaene
310.20ar- curcumene
110.10para- cymene
285.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
241.50(E)-beta- farnesene
290.10  geranyl acetate
268.00  germacrene D
401.00  globulol
230.40beta- guaiene
140.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
251.40alpha- humulene
63.00  limonene
353.70  methyl eugenol
450.40T- muurolol
511.20  myrcene
200.40  myrtenal
360.80(E)- nerolidol
82.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
130.10allo- ocimene
105.40(E)-beta- ocimene
12.60alpha- pinene
319.00beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
410.90  spathulenol
190.90  terpinen-4-ol
90.40gamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
15tracealpha- thujone
16tracebeta- thujone
380.90  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia variabilis flower oil italy
380.40  acenaphthalene
240.70  bicyclogermacrene
331.00alpha- bisabolol
26tracedelta- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
2trace  camphene
16trace  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
27tracear- curcumene
120.40para- cymene
280.501,4- dimethyl naphthalene
250.10  geranyl acetate
230.30  germacrene D
340.20  globulol
20tracebeta- guaiene
15trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
210.10alpha- humulene
400.102- hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone
71.00  limonene
17trace  linalool
29trace  methyl eugenol
50.20  myrcene
19trace  myrtenal
310.30(E)- nerolidol
95.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
14traceallo- ocimene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.80alpha- pinene
33.60beta- pinene
40.10  sabinene
351.00  spathulenol
180.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.10alpha- terpinene
103.20gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
13trace  terpinolene
360.80  thymol
320.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
baccharis coridifolia oil argentina
130.20allo- aromadendrene
110.20(E)-alpha- bergamotene
173.30  bicyclogermacrene
180.40beta- bisabolene
190.90delta- cadinene
200.20alpha- calacorene
220.10beta- calacorene
910.80beta- caryophyllene
834.30iso caryophyllene
249.80  caryophyllene oxide
282.00  cedr-8(15)-en-9-alpha-ol
71.20beta- elemene
60.10delta- elemene
210.60  elemol
145.00  germacrene D
250.30  globulol
160.50(E)-beta- guaiene
100.20beta- gurjunene
120.40alpha- humulene
292.8014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
40.10  limonene
260.80epi-alpha- muurolol
30.10  myrcene
50.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.10beta- pinene
271.70  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
158.20beta- selinene
234.20  spathulenol
10.10  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 23, (2001)
baccharis dracunculifolia oil brazil
100.20  acetophenone
26<0.01(E)-anethole + safrol
443.30  aromadendrene
491.10allo- aromadendrene
940.20(E,E)-isobicyclogermacra-1(10),4-dien-5-al + (Z)-3-hexenyl 3-phenyl propionate
573.10  bicyclogermacrene
530.20isobutyl 3-phenyl propionate + sec-butyl 3-phenyl propionate + 10,11-epoxycadina-4,9-diene
430.30  cabreuva oxide A
471.30  cabreuva oxide B
480.10  cabreuva oxide C
510.40  cabreuva oxide D
635.60delta- cadinene
611.30gamma- cadinene
881.60alpha- cadinol
861.30T-cadinol + T-muurolol
670.90alpha-calacorene + (Z)-dracunculifoliol + exo-1,5-epoxysavial-4(15)-ene
640.50(E)- calamenene
561.00(Z)- calamenene
60.10delta-3- carene
20<0.01trans- carveol
210.10cis-carveol + citronellol + nerol
416.20beta- caryophyllene
760.60  caryophyllene oxide
360.70alpha-copaene + methyl eugenol
870.30  cubenol
220.10 cuminaldehyde + carvone + neral + (Z)-4,8-dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
80.10para- cymene
350.20(E)-beta-damascenone + isopropyl 3-phenyl propionate
39<0.01beta- damascone
840.104(15)- dehydroglobulol
150.40(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
140.10(Z)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
250.10(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
420.402,2-dimethyl-6-vinyl chromene + gamma-elemene
381.60beta- elemene
320.40delta- elemene
791.805,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene + epi-junenol
550.3010,11- epoxycalamenene
310.10  ethyl 3-phenyl propionate
370.20  ethyl decanoate
240.10 geranial + methyl 3-phenyl propionate + methyl citronellate
230.10  geraniol
340.10  geranyl acetate
900.30 germacra-4(15),5,10(14)-trien-1b-ol
543.60  germacrene D
801.40 globulol + (E)-dracunculifoliol + salvia-4(15)-en-1-one
28<0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
600.10iso humbertiol A + isohumbertiol C
650.30iso humbertiol B + isohumbertiol D
461.90alpha- humulene
830.10  humulene oxide II
500.07(E)-beta- ionone
850.40  junenol
583.60  ledene
820.70  ledol
98.40  limonene
130.40  linalool
740.30  maaliol
16<0.01para- methyl acetophenone
770.402- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
780.403- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
590.90alpha- muurolene
522.10gamma- muurolene
51.00  myrcene
190.10 myrtenol + ethyl octanoate
7015.00(E)- nerolidol
330.20  neryl acetate
890.10 opposita-4(14),11(12)-dien-1b-ol
660.60  pacifigorgiol
730.60  palustrol
22.90alpha- pinene
45.90beta- pinene
400.70  propyl 3-phenyl propionate
30.10  sabinene
753.50  spathulenol
170.10 terpinen-4-ol + para-cymen-8-ol + safranal
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
180.60alpha-terpineol + myrtenal
120.20  terpinolene
29<0.01  theaspirane A
30<0.01 theaspirane B + methyl geranate
10.10alpha- thujene
910.60(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-1,6,9-trien-3,11-diol
811.00 viridiflorol + beta-oplopenone
27<0.01 vitispirane A + vitispirane B
710.30 waitziacuminone

P. Weyerstahl, C. Christiansen and H. Mosandl, Constituents of Brazilian Vassoura oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 15-23 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil
150.10allo- aromadendrene
160.30  bicyclogermacrene
140.10beta- caryophyllene
40.10exo-iso citral
50.30  citronellal
130.10beta- elemene
1248.50  geranial
72.30iso geranial
100.80  geraniol
170.10  germacrene B
30.50  linalool
10.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.40  myrcene
942.50  neral
61.20iso neral
80.20  nerol
110.20  piperitone
180.10  spathulenol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 735, (2000)
bergamot oil
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

campomanesia aurea leaf oil brazil
211.00  dehydroaromadendrane
2513.60  bicyclogermacrene
514.2alpha- bisabolol
91.20  borneol
270.40gamma- cadinene
292.10delta- cadinene
441.10T- cadinol
480.50alpha- cadinol
301.50alpha- calacorene
281.90(Z)- calamenene
493.00 calamenenol
500.70 calamenenol
170.30beta- caryophyllene
166.20iso caryophyllene
331.90  caryophyllene alcohol
3529.00  caryophyllene oxide
380.90  copaen-4-alpha-ol
141.40alpha- copaene
420.601-epi- cubenol
150.90beta- elemene
181.10gamma- elemene
472.40beta- eudesmol
410.3010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
431.50gamma- eudesmol
80.50alpha- fenchol
120.40  geranial
364.10  globulol
371.80epi- globulol
190.70beta- gurjunene
201.30alpha- humulene
394.00  humulene oxide I
401.70  humulene oxide II
321.00  ledol
30.50  limonene
50.60para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
225.00gamma- muurolene
260.60alpha- muurolene
460.60alpha- muurolol
310.80(E)- nerolidol
536.70(E)- nerolidol acetate
43.30(E)-beta- ocimene
116.50alpha- pinene
26.10beta- pinene
235.20beta- selinene
240.40alpha- selinene
344.90  spathulenol
100.50  terpinen-4-ol
111.40alpha- terpineol
60.40  terpinolene
130.70alpha- ylangene
cananga odorata leaf oil
210.4alpha- amorphene
250.6  bicyclogermacrene
273.0delta- cadinene
260.8gamma- cadinene
300.8alpha- cadinol
290.9T- cadinol
2026.3beta- caryophyllene
280.6  caryophyllene oxide
9trace1,8- cineole
172.9alpha- copaene
180.7beta- cubebene
191.4beta- elemene
151.1delta- elemene
2311.7  germacrene D
410.2  hexanol
12.0(E)-2- hexenal
30.2(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
23.1(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
226.3alpha- humulene
80.4  limonene
121.9  linalool
241.1alpha- muurolene
70.6  myrcene
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
514.0alpha- pinene
64.5beta- pinene
13trace  terpinen-4-ol
140.3alpha- terpineol
11trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- ylangene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cassinia laevis flower oil australia
140.10  bicyclogermacrene
300.40  bulnesol
172.40delta- cadinene
292.50T- cadinol
102.10beta- caryophyllene
42.801,8- cineole
60.40  citronellal
91.90alpha- copaene
123.60beta- copaene
130.90  germacrene D
201.20  globulol
110.30alpha- guaiene
222.20  guaiol
250.70  humulene oxide I
271.00  humulene oxide II
2419.30  ledol
34.30  limonene
167.70alpha- muurolene
280.40alpha- muurolol
180.70  palustrol
113.60alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
210.40  rosifoliol
50.70(Z)- sabinene hydrate
152.20beta- selinene
198.00  spathulenol
70.90  terpinen-4-ol
81.00alpha- terpineol
311.20 unknown a
230.40  viridiflorol
265.30  widdrol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 78, (2001)
cassinia laevis leaf oil australia
140.10  bicyclogermacrene
280.90  bulnesol
170.70delta- cadinene
270.10T- cadinol
102.30beta- caryophyllene
41.101,8- cineole
60.50  citronellal
91.60alpha- copaene
124.30beta- copaene
130.60  germacrene D
200.40  globulol
110.50alpha- guaiene
211.30  guaiol
231.30  humulene oxide I
250.70  humulene oxide II
2239.50  ledol
30.80  limonene
169.60alpha- muurolene
260.30alpha- muurolol
181.20  palustrol
19.80alpha- pinene
20.20beta- pinene
50.10(Z)- sabinene hydrate
153.50beta- selinene
194.00  spathulenol
70.50  terpinen-4-ol
80.70alpha- terpineol
243.80  widdrol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 78, (2001)
cedrela odorata wood oil
170.57allo- aromadendrene
230.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.53beta- bisabolol
270.04 brachyl oxide
121.30  cadina-1,4-diene
130.16alpha- cadinene
911.70delta- cadinene
100.20gamma- cadinene
260.12alpha- calacorene
240.70  calamenene
143.40  calarene
151.20  caryophyllene
415.60alpha- copaene
18.00alpha- cubebene
63.20beta- cubebene
300.96  cubenol
311.40epi- cubenol
86.80beta- curcumene
70.10beta- elemene
20.44delta- elemene
160.12gamma- elemene
181.80beta- farnesene
250.05  geranyl acetone
212.60  germacrene D
50.45alpha- gurjunene
192.10alpha- humulene
200.55  ledene
221.00alpha- muurolene
298.00(E)- nerolidol
280.09  palustrol
111.00sesquiphellandrene + ar-curcumene
320.08  spathulenol
30.38alpha- ylangene

E. J. Brunke, E. J. Hammerschmidt and F. H. Koster, Essential Oil of Cedrela odorata L. (Meliaceae) from Brazil-Revised List of Constituents. in Progress in Essential Oil Research. E. J. Brunke, ed. pp. 117-122, Walter de

Gruyter, Berlin (1986).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

cinnamomum angustifolium rafin. oil madagascar
273.00  bicyclogermacrene
290.30delta- cadinene
40.10  camphene
180.10  camphor
71.80delta-3- carene
390.10  carvacrol
206.20beta- caryophyllene
331.00  caryophyllene oxide
129.701,8- cineole
340.20(E)- cinnamaldehyde
280.90(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
380.40(E)- cinnamyl acetate
320.30para- cymen-8-ol
1617.60para- cymene
30.30alpha- fenchene
300.30  geranyl acetate
261.80  germacrene D
360.40  guaiol
220.20alpha- humulene
111.80  limonene
193.30  linalool
310.20para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
92.60  myrcene
350.40(E)- nerolidol
151.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
823.40alpha- phellandrene
14.80alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.00  sabinene
230.20  salicylaldehyde
371.40  spathulenol
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
100.30alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
252.10alpha- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
21.90alpha- thujene
240.40  viridiflorene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
darwinia citriodora (endl.) benth. leaf oil australia
190.10allo- aromadendrene
180.20  aromadendrene
201.30  bicyclogermacrene
70.10  borneol
170.40beta- caryophyllene
110.30  geranial
100.10  geraniol
220.60  globulol
20.80  limonene
61.70  linalool
1537.40  methyl geranate
1441.00  methyl myrtenate
90.30  neral
210.60(E)- nerolidol
30.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
42.00(E)-beta- ocimene
17.80alpha- pinene
50.30gamma- terpinene
80.30alpha- terpineol
120.20 unknown a
130.30 unknown b
160.20 unknown c
232.30  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 58, (2001)
ferula cupularis leaf oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
1630.37  bicyclogermacrene
1536.55  bornyl angelate
1640.31delta- cadinene
1062.69  camphene
1002.90delta-2- carene
1600.17  caryophyllene oxide
1512.63  citronellyl butyrate
1082.37  decane
1305.02  dihydrolinalool acetate
1701.66beta- eudesmol
1571.87  eugenyl acetate
1610.11  geranyl butyrate
1680.21  guaiol
1390.20para- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
1134.05para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
9930.22beta- myrcene
1230.14  neral
1166.08allo- ocimene
1049.05beta- ocimene
1361.65  octadecanal
1310.773- octen-1-yl acetate
2140.72  osthol
1092.36alpha- phellandrene
1104.18beta- phellandrene
10713.87beta- pinene
1220.62(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
1651.13  spathulenol
1203.45  terpinen-4-ol
1111.25alpha- terpinene
1463.70alpha- terpinyl isobutyrate
1411.39neo-iso- verbenyl acetate
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
hyssopus officinalis oil CO2 extract
180.1allo- aromadendrene
235.8  bicyclogermacrene
320.4T- cadinol
30.1  camphene
174.2beta- caryophyllene
242.5iso caryophyllene
260.11-(1,4- dimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl) ethanone
2216.0  germacrene D
131.2alpha- gurjunene
292.3  hedycaryol
270.5  ledol
70.1  limonene
150.3  linalool
210.5  methyl chavicol
280.4  methyl eugenol
200.4  methyl myrtenate
60.2  myrcene
253.2  myrtenol
90.7  myrtenyl methyl ether
80.7beta- phellandrene
2tracealpha- pinene
42.2beta- pinene
1212.0  pinocamphone
1416.5iso pinocamphone
191.0trans- pinocarveol
1620.3  pinocarvone
50.2  sabinene
300.1beta- selinenol
314.7  spathulenol
1tracealpha- thujene
100.1alpha- thujone
11tracebeta- thujone

K. Kerrola B. Galambosi and H. Kallio, Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.). J. Agric. Focal Chem., 42, 776-781(1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

lallemantia peltata (l.) fisch. et mey. oil turkey
125.10  bicyclogermacrene
86.90beta- bourbonene
107.30beta- caryophyllene
2trace1,8- cineole
612.00  geijerene
1127.40  germacrene D
38.30(Z)-3- hexenal
7trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
19.20  limonene
520.10(E)-beta- ocimene
4trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 689, (2000)
laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
leptospermum scoparium var. eximium oil australia
20trace  aromadendrene
220.30allo- aromadendrene
280.80  bicyclogermacrene
21tracealpha- bulnesene
290.90gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
181.70beta- caryophyllene
320.30  caryophyllene oxide
100.101,8- cineole
14tracepara- cymene
170.10beta- elemene
3911.50alpha- eudesmol
4013.80beta- eudesmol
3813.60gamma- eudesmol
2tracealpha- fenchene
300.50  geraniol
353.30  globulol
230.40alpha- humulene
81.40  limonene
164.40  linalool
34trace(E)- methyl cinnamate
60.30  myrcene
330.40(E)- nerolidol
130.80(E)-beta- ocimene
110.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
310.40  palustrol
9tracebeta- phellandrene
118.10alpha- pinene
40.70beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
270.30alpha- selinene
260.30beta- selinene
371.80  spathulenol
190.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
240.30  viridiflorene
364.30  viridiflorol

J. J. Brophhy, B. J. Goldsack, A. R. Bean, P. I. Forester and B. J. Lepschi, Leaf essential oils of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) in eastern Australia. Part 5. Leptospermum continentale and allies. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 98-104 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil
170.50  aromadendrene
201.60  bicyclogermacrene
100.50  borneol
210.10delta- cadinene
1438.40  carvacrol
165.00beta- caryophyllene
230.80  caryophyllene oxide
62.101,8- cineole
514.50para- cymene
180.50alpha- humulene
191.403-hydroxymethyl carvacrol
70.40  limonene
91.20  linalool
126.00  methyl thymol
32.30  myrcene
20.60alpha- pinene
220.80  spathulenol
110.80  terpinen-4-ol
41.90alpha- terpinene
810.60gamma- terpinene
11.30alpha- thujene
138.00  thymol
150.40  thymyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 295, (2000)
marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil
151.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
197.20  bicyclogermacrene
60.30  bornyl acetate
101.40beta- bourbonene
210.50gamma- cadinene
232.50delta- cadinene
20.30  camphene
1315.10beta- caryophyllene
262.60  caryophyllene oxide
140.20beta- cedrene
95.30alpha- copaene
80.20alpha- cubebene
110.50beta- cubebene
122.50beta- elemene
72.50delta- elemene
170.40(E)-beta- farnesene
203.10  germacrene A
250.30  germacrene B
221.80  germacrene C
1835.60  germacrene D
164.40alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
51.80(E)-beta- ocimene
10.70alpha- pinene
32.90  sabinene
240.40  selina-3,7(11)-diene
270.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 45, (2001)
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
160.39  artemisyl alcohol
130.51  artemisyl ketone
220.64  bicyclogermacrene
250.51alpha- bisabolol
2757.68  bisabolol oxide A
234.35  bisabolol oxide B
244.10  bisabolone oxide A
180.09beta- caryophyllene
2623.35  chamazulene
70.341,8- cineole
100.07para- cymene
20.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
192.92(E)-beta- farnesene
201.48  germacrene D
150.10(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
140.51(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
11trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
6trace  limonene
12trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
5trace  myrcene
90.70(E)-beta- ocimene
80.08(Z)-beta- ocimene
1tracealpha- pinene
4trace  propyl 2-methyl butyrate
30.22  sabinene
21tracebeta- selinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medicinal plants. In: Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants, Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttey and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296, ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

melaleuca alternifolia leaf oil
390.29alpha- amorphene
331.61  aromadendrene
350.69allo- aromadendrene
400.13  bicyclogermacrene
360.511-epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
320.19alpha- bulnesene
440.30  cadina-1,4-diene
421.86delta- cadinene
430.27  calamenene
310.44beta- caryophyllene
11trace1,4- cineole
163.041,8- cineole
250.17alpha- copaene
260.09alpha- cubebene
490.52  cubenol
27tracepara- cymen-8-ol
94.96para- cymene
170.17alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
480.80  globulol
460.18epi- globulol
280.45alpha- gurjunene
29tracebeta- gurjunene
340.15gamma- gurjunene
8trace(-)- limonene
100.51(+)- limonene
18trace(-)- linalool
19trace(+)- linalool
30tracebeta- maaliene
38trace  methyl eugenol
370.26alpha- muurolene
40.46  myrcene
450.06  palustrol
5trace(-)-alpha- phellandrene
120.22(-)-beta- phellandrene
6trace(+)-alpha- phellandrene
20.18(-)-alpha- pinene
31.68(+)-alpha- pinene
20trace  sabinene hydrate
470.15  spathulenol
2213.13(-)- terpinen-4-ol
2124.73(+)- terpinen-4-ol
79.90alpha- terpinene
1421.15gamma- terpinene
230.69(-)-alpha- terpineol
242.03(+)-alpha- terpineol
153.18  terpinolene
10.44alpha- thujene
411.75  viridiflorene
500.58  viridiflorol

D. N. Leach, S. G. Wyllie, J. G. Hall and I. Kyratzis, Enantiomeric composition of the principal components of the oil of Melaleuca alternifolia. J. Agric. Food Sci., 41, 1627-1632 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

melaleuca cajuputi oil
150.9  aromadendrene
220.6  bicyclogermacrene
141.1beta- caryophyllene
241.1  caryophyllene oxide
848.81,8- cineole
100.6para- cymene
170.1beta- farnesene
252.1  globulol
120.1alpha- gurjunene
160.4alpha- humulene
74.1  limonene
130.1  linalool
230.1  palustrol
50.5alpha- phellandrene
11.0alpha- pinene
31.1beta- pinene
40.1  sabinene
210.8alpha- selinene
200.9beta- selinene
278.3  spathulenol
60.1alpha- terpinene
90.2gamma- terpinene
195.5alpha- terpineol
110.1  terpinolene
20.2alpha- thujene
186.1  viridiflorene
261.3  viridiflorol

J. J. Brophy and J. C. Doran, Essential oils of tropical Asteromyrtus, Callistemon and Melaleuca species. ACIAR monograph, Australian Centre for International Agriculture, Canberra, Australia (1996).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia
161.00  bicyclogermacrene
170.60delta- cadinene
240.70T- cadinol
272.10alpha- cadinol
40.90  camphene
180.60  citronellol
200.20epi- cubenol
190.30  cubenol
120.10para- cymene
3trace fenchene
150.30  germacrene D
210.40  globulol
930.50  limonene
250.80T- muurolol
260.30alpha- muurolol
720.80  myrcene
100.70beta- phellandrene
226.90alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
60.80  sabinene
233.60  spathulenol
80.50alpha- terpinene
110.70gamma- terpinene
140.40alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
10.80  tricyclene
220.30  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 108, (2001)
mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france
240.40  aromadendrene
290.80  bicyclogermacrene
330.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
190.80beta- bourbonene
470.60 cadinadienol
341.10gamma- cadinene
372.60delta- cadinene
440.10T- cadinol
461.60alpha- cadinol
360.20(Z)- calamenene
2211.80beta- caryophyllene
410.90  caryophyllene oxide
182.00alpha- copaene
230.40beta- copaene
110.10  cryptone
150.10alpha- cubebene
350.20  cubebol
300.101-epi- cubenol
160.60  cyclosativene
70.40para- cymene
212.10beta- elemene
140.50delta- elemene
280.50(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
321.30  germacrene A
381.40  germacrene B
2721.60  germacrene D
400.30  germacrene D-4-ol
256.10alpha- humulene
422.70  humulene oxide II
91.10  limonene
100.50  linalool
261.10gamma- muurolene
311.10alpha- muurolene
390.70(E)- nerolidol
50.902- pentyl furan
80.80beta- phellandrene
60.10  phenyl acetaldehyde
29.60alpha- pinene
45.20beta- pinene
31.30  sabinene
201.40  sativene
120.50  terpinen-4-ol
130.50alpha- terpineol
11.30alpha- thujene
430.10  widdrol
170.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 31, (2001)
nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey
121.30  bicyclogermacrene
310.20alpha- bisabolol
32.90beta- bourbonene
200.60nor bourbonone
330.10alpha- cadinol
301.00  carvacrol
385.10 caryophylenol II
370.30 caryophylla-2(12),6-dien-5-ol
360.40 caryophylla-2(12),6(13)-dien-5a-ol
52.70beta- caryophyllene
184.30iso caryophyllene oxide
1939.20  caryophyllene oxide
10.301,8- cineole
20.40alpha- copaene
270.303,4- dimethyl-5-pentylidene-2(5H)-furanone
320.30alpha- eudesmol
80.50(Z)-beta- farnesene
150.20(E)- geranyl acetone
113.80  germacrene D
410.40  heptacosane
420.50  hexadecanoic acid
240.90  hexahydrofanesyl acetone
260.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
100.50alpha- humulene
70.30iso humulene
163.00isohumulene oxide
224.70  humulene oxide II
230.10  humulene oxide III
170.50beta- ionone
60.20  myrtenal
140.20  myrtenol
130.20  naphthalene
210.10(E)- nerolidol
390.70  pentacosane
401.40  phytol
40.10  pinocarvone
259.70  spathulenol
291.20  thymol
350.70  tricosane
90.10(E)- verbenol
ocimum basilicum herb oil poland
212.18alpha- bergamolene
310.13  bicyclogermacrene
200.67  bornyl acetate
180.70beta- bourbonene
390.52delta- cadinol
2trace  camphene
50.11delta-3- carene
251.42beta- caryophyllene
90.721,8- cineole
350.11  citronellol
170.37alpha- copaene
340.04ar- curcumene
120.02para- cymene
220.86beta- elemene
380.62  eugenol
360.02  geraniol
330.05  geranyl acetate
305.07  germacrene D
270.78alpha- humulene
80.11  limonene
1954.06  linalool
230.06  linalyl acetate
261.44  menthol
160.32iso menthone
288.68  methyl chavicol
371.02  methyl eugenol
60.08  myrcene
100.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.11allo- ocimene
10.83alpha- pinene
30.08beta- pinene
40.09  sabinene
240.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.06alpha- terpinene
110.15gamma- terpinene
290.91alpha- terpineol
130.03  terpinolene
320.85alpha- terpinyl acetate

E. Kostrzewa and K. Karwowska, Chemical composition of the essential oil from sweet basil grown in Poland. Prace Inst. Lab. Bad. Przem Spoz., 44, 97-107(1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

origanum majorana oil cuba
353.27  bicyclogermacrene
36tracebeta- bisabolene
270.49  bornyl acetate
310.10beta- bourbonene
37tracedelta- cadinene
41tracealpha- cadinol
30.81  camphene
213.43  camphor
290.46  carvacrol
323.11beta- caryophyllene
390.70  caryophyllene oxide
94.98para- cymene
30tracedelta- elemene
341.24  germacrene D
400.09  globulol
330.27alpha- humulene
102.12  limonene
1716.41  linalool
150.17(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
260.25  linalyl acetate
200.40(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
191.22(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
61.21  myrcene
120.22(E)-beta- ocimene
111.84(Z)-beta- ocimene
4trace1- octen-3-ol
182.081- octen-3-yl acetate
70.11alpha- phellandrene
20.64alpha- pinene
54.60beta- pinene
250.11(E)- piperitol
240.22(Z)- piperitol
142.26(Z)- sabinene hydrate
381.07  spathulenol
2217.67  terpinen-4-ol
83.32alpha- terpinene
138.34gamma- terpinene
233.19alpha- terpineol
161.52  terpinolene
10.33alpha- thujene
2811.55  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado, M. Estarrón and V. Fuentes, Essential oil of majoram (Origanum majorana L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res. 9, 479-480 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

persea americana fruit oil cuba
10trace  benzothiazole
183.00(E)-alpha- bergamotene
222.30  bicyclogermacrene
2415.90beta- bisabolene
255.00delta- cadinene
176.40beta- caryophyllene
139.40alpha- copaene
143.20beta- cubebene
111.40  cyclosativene
5tracepara- cymene
99.40(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
273.201,10- di-epi-cubenol
318.901- eicosene
15tracebeta- elemene
1trace  ethyl acetate
231.40(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
192.20(E)-beta- farnesene
209.50  germacrene D
62.80  limonene
7trace  linalool
42.30  myrcene
2690.00(E)- nerolidol
293.80(E)- nerolidol acetate
302.40  pimaradiene
25.20alpha- pinene
330.40beta- pinene
83.20  terpinen-4-ol
282.802,4- tetradecadienal
161.601- tetradecene
12tracealpha- ylangene
(ug/kg) J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 377, (2000)
petitgrain mandarin oil
340.03(E)- anethole
15trace  benzaldehyde
180.03(E)-beta- bergamotene
280.03  bicyclogermacrene
310.06gamma- cadinene
210.30beta- caryophyllene
160.25  citronellal
300.06  citronellol
23trace  citronellyl formate
140.02alpha- copaene
37tracepara- cymen-8-ol
90.32para- cymene
191.28beta- elemene
24trace  ethyl decanoate
440.08  ethyl heptadecanoate
360.06  ethyl laurate
470.60  ethyl linoleate
483.33  ethyl linolenate
410.06  ethyl myristate
120.04  ethyl octanoate
433.36  ethyl palmitate
330.06  ethyl phenyl acetate
460.16  ethyl stearate
290.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
250.02(E)-beta- farnesene
350.10  geraniol
110.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
26tracealpha- humulene
72.88  limonene
1724.80  linalool
32trace  methyl salicylate
42.00  myrcene
39trace  myrtenol
400.02  nerolidol
84.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.01alpha- phellandrene
380.032- phenethyl alcohol
490.74  phytol
10.98alpha- pinene
20.62beta- pinene
327.20  sabinene
132.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
450.48alpha- sinensal
421.60beta- sinensal
22trace  terpinen-1-ol
202.21  terpinen-4-ol
60.26alpha- terpinene
271.28alpha- terpineol
100.32  terpinolene

Z. Fleisher and A. Fleisher, Aromatic plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai, Part III. Mandarin leaf oil (Citrus recticulata Blanco). J. Essent, Oil Res., 2, 331-334 (1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
The following year, Orav et al. (1996) analyzed an oil of Estonian P sylvestris needle oil. Using a combination of CC and CC/MS they determined that the oil was coin prised of the following constituents:
280.20  bicyclogermacrene
150.30  borneol
241.80  bornyl acetate
410.10beta- bourbonene
380.10a cadinene
364.80delta- cadinene
341.20gamma- cadinene
482.70alpha- cadinol
330.20  calamenene
63.40  camphene
13trace  camphor
1623.70delta-3- carene
432.90beta- caryophyllene
424.90  caryophyllene oxide
21trace  citronellol
350.10alpha- copaene
450.10beta- copaene
200.10para- cymene
390.30beta- elemene
310.80alpha- farnesene
400.20beta- farnesene
22trace  geraniol
32trace geranyl acetate + alpha-ylangene
230.10alpha- guaiene
470.50alpha- humulene
50.80  limonene
370.10  longifolene
302.80alpha- muurolene
272.00gamma- muurolene
250.30epsilon-muurolene + beta-guaiene
461.00T- muurolol
440.70alpha-muurolol + T-cadinol
122.10  myrcene
29trace neryl acetate + alpha-cubebene
71.50(E)-beta- ocimene
140.20alpha- phellandrene
21.00beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
428.10alpha- pinene
102.10beta- pinene
81.00  sabinene
170.40  terpinen-4-ol
180.20alpha- terpinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
112.60  terpinolene
260.60alpha-terpinyl acetate + delta-elemene
30.20alpha- thujene
10.70  tricyclene

A. Orav, T. Kalias and M. Liiv, Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 43, 215-219 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia
130.40allo- aromadendrene
110.20  aromadendrene
30.20  bicycloelemene
214.30  bicyclogermacrene
50.30beta- bourbonene
240.30  cadina-1,4-diene
230.50gamma- cadinene
221.20delta- cadinene
320.90T- cadinol
350.80alpha- cadinol
260.30  calacorene
250.30  calamenene
107.50beta- caryophyllene
279.50  caryophyllene oxide
42.70alpha- copaene
10.30alpha- cubebene
70.30beta- cubebene
91.00beta- elemene
20.40delta- elemene
186.80  germacrene D
291.50  globulol
6tracealpha- gurjunene
152.40alpha- humulene
331.10T- muurolol
340.60alpha- muurolol
191.50beta- selinene
201.10alpha- selinene
3118.60  spathulenol
121.10 unknown a
140.10 unknown b
160.90 unknown c
282.20 unknown d
170.60  viridiflorene
301.10  viridiflorol
80.30beta- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
polyalthia michaelii leaf oil australia
90.20  bicycloelemene
234.00  bicyclogermacrene
110.20beta- bourbonene
250.40gamma- cadinene
240.80delta- cadinene
20.60delta-3- carene
151.70beta- caryophyllene
263.40  caryophyllene oxide
100.20alpha- copaene
70.20alpha- cubebene
120.20beta- cubebene
270.30  cubenol
5tracepara- cymene
140.60beta- elemene
80.40delta- elemene
160.10gamma- elemene
200.70  germacrene D
282.40  globulol
180.50alpha- humulene
40.10  limonene
3trace  myrcene
10.30alpha- pinene
210.40beta- selinene
220.40alpha- selinene
3042.20  spathulenol
6trace  terpinolene
130.20 unknown a
170.30 unknown b
190.90 unknown c
290.80  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey
331.90  bicyclogermacrene
402.10alpha- bisabolol
351.70delta- cadinene
391.30alpha- cadinol
71.00delta-3- carene
270.70beta- caryophyllene
381.40  caryophyllene oxide
230.30alpha- copaene
141.40meta- cresol
170.10para- cresyl acetate
210.60  cryptone
320.20ar- curcumene
200.60meta- cymen-8-ol
910.90para- cymene
240.30  daucene
290.30(E)-beta- farnesene
361.50  germacrene B
311.10  germacrene D
280.60alpha- humulene
160.10para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
262.20  methyl eugenol
340.30alpha- muurolene
300.30gamma- muurolene
51.40  myrcene
123.20(E)-beta- ocimene
114.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
66.30alpha- phellandrene
107.80beta- phellandrene
26.10alpha- pinene
43.20beta- pinene
34.80  sabinene
371.80  spathulenol
192.00  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
137.00gamma- terpinene
151.10  terpinolene
10.30alpha- thujene
223.50  thymol
183.90 unknown a
251.20 unknown b
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 183, (2000)
prangos uloptera dc. oil iran
141.00  aromadendrene
171.20  bicyclogermacrene
100.40beta- bourbonene
190.80delta- cadinene
1318.20beta- caryophyllene
121.00beta- cedrene
92.00alpha- copaene
111.60beta- cubebene
41.00para- cymene
1617.20  germacrene D
211.70  globulol
151.40alpha- humulene
58.70  limonene
20.90  myrcene
61.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
72.50(E)-beta- ocimene
31.80alpha- phellandrene
11.30alpha- pinene
181.70beta- selinene
203.30  spathulenol
82.10gamma- terpinene

J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 84, (2001)

protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil
231.00  atractylone
147.30  bicyclogermacrene
160.60delta- cadinene
1118.60beta- caryophyllene
194.70  caryophyllene oxide
93.40alpha- copaene
100.80beta- cubebene
51.10para- cymene
222.20  furanodiene
171.60  germacrene B
200.80  globulol
128.00alpha- humulene
211.00  humulene oxide II
151.00alpha- muurolene
418.60  myrcene
62.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
71.60(E)-beta- ocimene
11.60alpha- pinene
30.70beta- pinene
21.00  sabinene
132.50beta- selinene
184.40  spathulenol
80.70  terpinen-4-ol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 33, (2001)
pteronia incana oil
301.20  bicyclogermacrene
500.70alpha- bisabolol
350.30alpha- cadinene
312.30delta- cadinene
510.50alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
430.70alpha- calacorene
490.50  carvacrol
370.30trans- carveol
400.20cis- carveol
203.20beta- caryophyllene
440.10  caryophyllene oxide
89.001,8- cineole
330.50  cuminaldehyde
322.10ar- curcumene
380.80para- cymen-8-ol
1011.30para- cymene
180.10alpha- fenchyl alcohol
390.30  geranyl acetone
521.50epi- globulol
241.20alpha- humulene
283.10  ledene
77.00  limonene
150.90  linalool
120.30  methyl caproate
140.20  methyl caprylate
457.20  methyl eugenol
291.10  muurolene
480.80T- muurolol
410.30  myrcene
210.50  myrtenal
340.70  myrtenol
250.10  myrtenyl acetate
460.80(E)- nerolidol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
118.60alpha- pinene
232.50beta- pinene
221.30trans- pinocarveol
170.10iso pulegol
160.10neoiso pulegol
13trace  pyronene
37.40  sabinene
420.10(E)- sabinol
360.30(Z)- sabinol
531.40iso spathulenol
195.30  terpinen-4-ol
60.20alpha- terpinene
261.30alpha- terpineol
230.40delta- terpineol
110.10  terpinolene
270.80alpha- terpinyl acetate

K. Bruns and M. Meiertoberens, Volatile Constituents of Pteronia incana (Compositae). Flav. Frag. J., 2, 157-162 (1987).

P&F 14, No. 1, 29, (1989)

ribes nigrum bud oil
38trace-0.33allo- aromadendrene
400.00-1.51  bicyclogermacrene
300.00-2.00  bornyl acetate
41trace-0.15delta- cadinene
3trace-2.41  camphene
90.17-45.50delta-3- carene
351.20-4.98beta- caryophyllene
44trace-1.48  caryophyllene oxide
280.00-0.18  citronellol
32trace-0.42  citronellyl acetate
26trace-0.66para- cymen-8-ol
11trace-0.17meta- cymene
12trace-0.48para- cymene
34trace-0.14beta- elemene
31trace-0.24delta- elemene
360.00-1.62gamma- elemene
220.00-0.20(Z)-1,2- epoxylimonene
420.00-1.12  germacrene B
390.00-1.51  germacrene D
37trace-2.00alpha- humulene
450.00-0.52  humulene oxide
130.17-14.12  limonene
29trace-0.12  linalyl acetate
210.00-0.18(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
230.00-0.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
24trace-0.66para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
62.89-3.61  myrcene
161.21-3.12(E)-beta- ocimene
150.00-5.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
8trace-1.58alpha- phellandrene
141.72-24.63beta- phellandrene
21.30-9.23alpha- pinene
50.17-10.22beta- pinene
4trace-69.00  sabinene
18trace-0.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.00-0.46(Z)- sabinene hydrate
43trace-2.70  spathulenol
460.00-0.18iso spathulenol
250.40-4.52  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-1.32alpha- terpinene
17trace-1.80gamma- terpinene
27trace-0.22alpha- terpineol
190.40-20.00  terpinolene
33trace-0.40alpha- terpinyl acetate
1trace-1.90alpha- thujene

J. L. Le Quere and A. Latrasse, Composition of the essential oils of Blackcurrant bud (Ribes nigram L.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 3-10 (1990).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
1470.47alpha- amorphene
1461.43allo- aromadendrene
1620.18  aromadendrene
1751.29  bicyclogermacrene
1740.72beta- bisabolene
1163.54  borneol
1590.16  bornyl acetate
1510.08gamma- cadinene
1510.53delta- cadinene
2180.15T- cadinol
 0.41alpha- cadinol
15313.08  camphor
1150.03delta-3- carene
1290.83  carvacrol
1610.19beta- caryophyllene
1570.16  caryophyllene oxide
1036.661,8- cineole
1490.01alpha- copaene
1490.34epi- cubebol
1180.17para- cymen-8-ol
1021.52para- cymene
1380.06beta- damascenone
1380.16beta- elemene
1330.07delta- elemene
 0.47beta- eudesmol
1350.83  eugenol
1500.24(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
1141.01 geigerene
1850.33  geraniol
1850.08  germacrene B
1721.18  germacrene D
8781.29  hexanol
1453.71alpha- humulene
1600.25  humulene oxide II
1550.68  linalool
1070.13(Z)- linalool oxide
1230.08  linalyl acetate
 2.2213-epi- manool
1400.18  methyl eugenol
1190.28  myrtanol
1190.55  myrtenal
1561.41(E)- nerolidol
9391.26alpha- pinene
1060.19(Z)- sabinene hydrate
1210.18(Z)- sabinol
1570.08  spathulenol
1170.09  terpinen-4-ol
1700.91alpha- terpineol
1182.42delta- terpineol
1701.81alpha- terpinyl acetate
1033.08alpha- thujene
11014.77alpha- thujone
1114.30beta- thujone
1290.37  thymol
1010.23  tricyclene
1100.48  undecane
1592.66  viridiflorol
1490.04alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
salvia sclarea oil
1500.17  bicyclogermacrene
1160.64  borneol
1280.83  bornyl acetate
1380.94beta- bourbonene
1520.13delta- cadinene
1140.30  camphor
1411.83beta- caryophyllene
1580.27  caryophyllene oxide
1032.291,8- cineole
1370.55alpha- copaene
1390.67beta- cubebene
1020.18para- cymene
1390.35beta- elemene
1480.84  germacrene D
1450.08alpha- humulene
1021.55  limonene
10918.18  linalool
12552.83  linalyl acetate
1210.14  linalyl formate
9911.01  myrcene
1230.26  nerol
1360.52  neryl acetate
1030.32(Z)-beta- ocimene
1050.66(E)-beta- ocimene
9394.57alpha- pinene
9790.90beta- pinene
2220.06  sclareol
2220.08  sclareol oxide
1570.13  spathulenol
1185.00alpha- terpineol
1161.19beta- terpineol
1190.90gamma- terpineol
1080.41iso terpinolene
1350.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
salvia sclarea oil spain
6trace  amyl butyrate
390.52  bicyclogermacrene
150.12  borneol
241.11  bornyl acetate
300.27beta- bourbonene
350.14alpha- cadinene
420.22gamma- cadinene
511.10alpha- cadinol
45tracebeta- calacorene
440.77(Z)-calamenene + germacrene B
2trace  camphene
334.80beta- caryophyllene
470.99  caryophyllene oxide
320.14alpha- cedrene
70.831,8-cineole + limonene
260.36alpha- cubebene
480.16  cubenol
280.27beta- damascenone
180.11  dihydrocarveol
310.43beta- elemene
25tracedelta- elemene
500.73beta- eudesmol
410.27(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
360.14(Z)-beta- farnesene
220.93  geranial
201.12  geraniol
291.62  geranyl acetate
230.25  geranyl formate
377.57  germacrene D
340.14beta- gurjunene
1432.97  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2116.85  linalyl acetate
540.55  manool
52trace  manoyl oxide
531.1413-epi- manoyl oxide
400.40alpha- muurolene
490.42alpha- muurolol
51.61  myrcene
190.72  nerol
43trace(Z)- nerolidol
271.17  neryl acetate
90.94(E)-beta- ocimene
80.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.41beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
550.45  sclareol
460.12  spathulenol
16trace  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
175.63alpha- terpineol
130.37  terpinolene
382.84  valencene

M. E. Torres, A. Velasco-Negueruela, M. J. Perez-Alonso and M. G. Pinilla, Volatile constituents of two Salvia species grown wild in Spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 27-33 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
1460.06allo- aromadendrene
1494.29  bicyclogermacrene
1530.35beta- bourbonene
1770.24delta- cadinene
1640.52T- cadinol
1640.88alpha- cadinol
1540.10alpha- calacorene
1291.93  carvacrol
1410.24beta- caryophyllene
2003.18  caryophyllene oxide
1210.121,8- cineole
1374.08alpha- copaene
1342.86alpha- cubebene
1540.72beta- cubebene
1900.24epi- cubenol
1020.12para- cymene
1470.85delta- elemene
 1.72beta- eudesmol
1252.79  geraniol
1381.94  geranyl acetate
1551.29  germacrene B
1475.88  germacrene D
8520.03(E)-2- hexenal
1450.08alpha- humulene
1591.55  humulene oxide I
1030.17  limonene
10924.25  linalool
1236.90  linalyl acetate
 0.5913-epi- manool
1220.98  nerol
1730.36  neryl acetate
1030.03beta- phellandrene
9390.27alpha- pinene
2140.03  spathulenol
1610.37  terpinen-4-ol
1180.20alpha- terpineol
1180.20delta- terpineol
1350.29alpha- terpinyl acetate
9307.48alpha- thujene
2190.10  thymol
9270.08  tricyclene
1100.75  undecane
1370.24alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
sideritis montana oil bulgaria
1110.90  bicyclogermacrene
42.20alpha- bourbonene
121.20delta- cadinene
150.80alpha- cadinol
141.80T- cadinol
78.80beta- caryophyllene
60.50beta- cedrene
31.20alpha- copaene
52.00beta- elemene
15.60delta- elemene
88.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
1041.10  germacrene D
91.60alpha- humulene
130.80  nerolidol
21.10  neryl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 418, (2000)
sideritis scardica oil bulgaria
144.50  bicyclogermacrene
60.70alpha- bourbonene
153.50delta- cadinene
185.20alpha- cadinol
918.80beta- caryophyllene
81.50beta- cedrene
51.70alpha- copaene
134.40ar- curcumene
70.50beta- elemene
40.80delta- elemene
175.80  elemol
106.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
194.30  farnesol
126.60  germacrene D
112.20alpha- humulene
30.70  limonene
22.10  myrcene
1612.10  nerolidol
11.40alpha- pinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 418, (2000)
sideritis syriaca oil bulgaria
103.30  bicyclogermacrene
111.50delta- cadinene
70.90alpha- copaene
61.50delta- elemene
84.90(Z)-beta- farnesene
123.40  farnesol
94.80  germacrene D
55.20  limonene
350.50  myrcene
41.00alpha- phellandrene
118.20alpha- pinene
23.00beta- pinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 418, (2000)
sundacarpus amarus (blume) c.n. page leaf oil australia
75.90  aromadendrene
90.20allo- aromadendrene
20.30  bicycloelemene
1310.40  bicyclogermacrene
80.10alpha- bulnesene
141.30delta- cadinene
152.60gamma- cadinene
61.00beta- caryophyllene
3tracealpha- copaene
200.10  cubeban-11-ol
1tracealpha- cubebene
40.10beta- cubebene
213.80  globulol
170.10epi- globulol
100.90alpha- humulene
180.10  ledol
160.10  palustrol
190.10iso propyl myristate
12tracealpha- selinene
1167.70beta- selinene
230.20  spathulenol
220.30  viridiflorol
50.10beta- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 421, (2000)
tagetes minuta flower oil turkey
210.10  bicyclogermacrene
180.47beta- caryophyllene
160.12  decanal
1330.30  dihydrotagetone
20.08  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
90.06(E)-2- hexenal
77.24  limonene
40.10  myrcene
120.39(E)-beta- ocimene
1028.49(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.32allo- ocimene
50.09alpha- phellandrene
80.07beta- phellandrene
10.06alpha- pinene
220.26iso piperitenone
30.96  sabinene
2015.35(E)- tagetenone
191.87(Z)- tagetenone
174.80(E)- tagetone
150.25(Z)- tagetone
60.02alpha- terpinene
110.05gamma- terpinene

K. H. C. Baser and H. Malyer, Essential oil of Tagetes minuta L. from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 337-338 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

tanacetum vulgare flower oil dutch
17trace  bicyclogermacrene
141.00  bornyl acetate
21.30  camphene
1212.40  camphor
15tracebeta- caryophyllene
70.401,8- cineole
60.40para- cymene
160.30  germacrene D
10.20alpha- pinene
4tracebeta- pinene
32.10  sabinene
90.40  sabinene hydrate
130.50  terpinen-4-ol
50.20alpha- terpinene
8tracegamma- terpinene
100.70alpha- thujone
1176.00beta- thujone

H. Hendriks, D. J. D. van der Elst, F. M. S. van Putten and R. Bos, The essential oil of Dutch tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.). J. Essent. Oil Res., 2, 155-162 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

tanacetum vulgare leaf oil dutch
17trace  bicyclogermacrene
140.90  bornyl acetate
21.40  camphene
129.40  camphor
150.70beta- caryophyllene
70.401,8- cineole
60.40para- cymene
166.50  germacrene D
10.30alpha- pinene
4tracebeta- pinene
33.90  sabinene
90.40  sabinene hydrate
130.40  terpinen-4-ol
50.30alpha- terpinene
80.30gamma- terpinene
100.90alpha- thujone
1167.90beta- thujone

H. Hendriks, D. J. D. van der Elst, F. M. S. van Putten and R. Bos, The essential oil of Dutch tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.). J. Essent. Oil Res., 2, 155-162 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil
75.30  benzofuran
182.80  bicyclogermacrene
192.30delta- cadinene
200.20alpha- cadinol
510.601,8- cineole
152.20alpha- copaene
160.50beta- elemene
210.10(E,E)- farnesol
260.30  heneicosane
310.60  heptacosane
300.10  hexacosane
1717.20(E)-beta- ionone
40.30  limonene
101.202- methyl benzaldehyde
240.20  methyl hexadecanoate
223.10  myristic acid
2522.90  palmitic acid
290.60  pentacosane
230.20  pentadecanoic acid
110.703- phenyl-2-propenal
10.50alpha- pinene
21.70  sabinene
90.60(E)- sabinene hydrate
126.50  terpinen-4-ol
31.20alpha- terpinene
62.00gamma- terpinene
132.00alpha- terpineol
80.50  terpinolene
280.10  tetracosane
271.30  tricosane
140.30alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 322, (2000)
wulffia stenoglossa dc. flower oil brazil
190.20(E)-alpha- bergamotene
225.10  bicyclogermacrene
242.70beta- bisabolene
260.30delta- cadinene
250.10gamma- cadinene
360.40alpha- cadinol
178.80beta- caryophyllene
321.00  caryophyllene oxide
140.10alpha- copaene
152.40beta- copaene
120.60  decanal
310.50  dendrolasin
430.10  docosane
110.10  dodecane
130.30delta- elemene
180.10gamma- elemene
410.10  ethyl hexadecanoate
233.30  germacrene A
290.10  germacrene B
2113.00  germacrene D
330.10  globulol
420.10  heneicosane
470.10  heptacosane
460.10  hexacosane
202.10alpha- humulene
340.10  humulene oxide II
513.60  limonene
70.50  linalool
390.10  methyl hexadecanoate
350.40alpha- muurolol
411.80  myrcene
380.70  myristic acid
300.90(E)- nerolidol
80.20  nonanal
10.20  nonane
617.30(E)-beta- ocimene
404.00  palmitic acid
450.30  pentacosane
270.10beta-sesqui phellandrene
22.10alpha- pinene
31.00  sabinene
280.10(Z)-sesqui sabinene hydrate
90.10  terpinen-4-ol
100.10alpha- terpineol
160.10  tetradecane
440.20  tricosane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 415, (2000)
zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum leaf oil australia
180.20  aromadendrene
201.10allo- aromadendrene
2312.50  bicyclogermacrene
13tracebeta- bourbonene
190.10alpha- bulnesene
240.50delta- cadinene
250.60gamma- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
340.30T- cadinol
20.50  camphene
1714.00beta- caryophyllene
270.40  caryophyllene oxide
290.50  cubeban-11-ol
120.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
226.10  germacrene D
300.60  globulol
320.10  guaiol
140.10alpha- gurjunene
211.60alpha- humulene
280.60  ledol
81.20  limonene
150.20  linalool
360.10alpha- muurolol
350.30T- muurolol
62.90  myrcene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
260.60  palustrol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
91.00beta- phellandrene
381.70  phytol
146.00alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
40.40  sabinene
330.20  spathulenol
7tracealpha- terpinene
100.10gamma- terpinene
310.50  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
zanthoxylum ovalifolium leaf oil australia
140.50  aromadendrene
150.30allo- aromadendrene
90.20  bicycloelemene
198.20  bicyclogermacrene
200.50delta- cadinene
210.10gamma- cadinene
20.50  camphene
137.50beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
100.30alpha- copaene
120.60beta- elemene
240.60  globulol
160.90alpha- humulene
61.30  limonene
110.20  linalool
180.20alpha- muurolene
519.80  myrcene
81.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.70beta- phellandrene
131.60alpha- pinene
31.20beta- pinene
40.70  sabinene
221.20  safrole
264.40  spathulenol
170.80  viridiflorene
250.40  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
zinnia elegans jacq. flower oil brazil
191.20  bicyclogermacrene
80.60  butyl hexanoate
210.20delta- cadinene
166.00beta- caryophyllene
231.10  caryophyllene oxide
130.20alpha- copaene
49.10para- cymene
282.40  docosane
90.30  dodecane
260.30  eicosane
141.70beta- elemene
203.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
240.50(E,E)- farnesol
221.40  germacrene B
1812.40  germacrene D
273.20  heneicosane
341.30  heptacosane
332.40  hexacosane
170.80alpha- humulene
53.50  limonene
71.30  linalool
100.202-methyl hexyl butyrate
350.70  octacosane
292.10  octadecanol acetate
250.60  palmitic acid
323.40  pentacosane
25.80alpha- phellandrene
10.90alpha- pinene
111.00  safrole
30.60alpha- terpinene
60.70  terpinolene
314.60  tetracosane
150.30  tetradecane
304.40  tricosane
120.30  undecanal
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 415, (2000)
Top of Page Home
Copyright © 1980-2018 The Good Scents Company (tgsc) ™ Disclaimer Privacy Policy