EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

dextro-xylose
D-xylose

Sponsors

Name:(2S,3R,4S,5R)-oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
CAS Number: 58-86-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:133-56-2
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-400-7
FDA UNII:C791ZE5K1W
Nikkaji Web:J8.437I
Beilstein Number:1562108
MDL:MFCD00151475
CoE Number:11902
XlogP3-AA:-2.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:150.13070000
Formula:C5 H10 O5
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:sweeteners, flavor enhancers
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:3606 D-xylose
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: D-XYLOSE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 154.00 to 158.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 90.00 to 91.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 312.00 °F. TCC ( 155.30 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -1.980
Soluble in:
 water, 5.55E+05 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: smoky
Odor Strength:low
Substantivity:285 hour(s) at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol
smoky woody sweet caramellic
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. smoky woody sweet caramel
Luebke, William tgsc, (1989)
Odor sample from: Sigma-Aldrich
Flavor Type: smoky
smoky sweet salty coffee
Taste Description: smoky sweet salty coffee
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: humectants
masking agents
skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
Aceto
D-Xylose
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
D-Xylose
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
D-Xylose
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
D(+)-Xylose
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
D-(+)-Xylose
H. Interdonati, Inc.
D-Xylose Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
O'Laughlin Industries
XYLOSE USP
O'Laughlin Industries
XYLOSE
Penta International
D-XYLOSE, Kosher
Penta International
D-XYLOSE, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
D-XYLOSE, USP, Kosher
Prinova
D-Xylose
Qingdao Dacon Trading
D-Xylose
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
D-(+)-Xylose ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Xylose ≥99%
Certified Food Grade Products
Sinofi Food Ingredients
D-Xylose
Flavor: characteristic
Sugar Substitutes, Chewing Gum, Chocolate, Dairy Products, Confections, Baking Food, Desserts, Alcoholic Beverages, Fruit Juice, Soft Drink, Beverage Powder, Instant Coffee, Chai Tea, Gelatins, Puddings, Ice Cream, Sauce, Feed, Pharmaceutical.
Synerzine
D-Xylose
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
D-(+)-Xylose >98.0%(HPLC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 22 - Do not breath dust.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-mouse LD50 23000 mg/kg
Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. Vol. 32, Pg. 1367, 1981.

intravenous-mouse LD50 11300 mg/kg
Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. Vol. 32, Pg. 1367, 1981.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: sweeteners, flavor enhancers
Recommendation for dextro-xylose usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 12
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: -40.00000
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: -85.00000
seasonings / flavors: -40.00000
snack foods: -60.00000
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):58-86-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :6027
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
(2S,3R,4S,5R)-oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
Chemidplus:0000058866
RTECS:ZF2285000 for cas# 58-86-6
 
References:
 (2S,3R,4S,5R)-oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:58-86-6
Pubchem (cid):6027
Pubchem (sid):134971957
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C00181
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00098
FooDB:FDB001136
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB00779
Export Tariff Code:2940.00.6000
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: reagent, technical
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
amber
amber naphthofuran
FL/FR
balsamic
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
burnt
rum ether
FL/FR
chocolate
vanillyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
coffee
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
dry
3,4-
xylenol
FL/FR
earthy
(Z)-
linalool oxide (furanoid)
FL/FR
fatty
(R)-gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
floral
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
2-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
fruity
(R)-gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
green
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
herbal
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
thymyl methyl ether
FL/FR
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
leathery
castoreum absolute
FL/FR
medicinal
2,6-
xylenol
FL/FR
mentholic
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
moldy
strawberry furanone methyl ether
FL/FR
musty
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
phenolic
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
2-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
2-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
smoky
birch tar oil
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
alpha-
ethoxy-ortho-cresol
FL/FR
4-
ethyl phenol
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids hickory
FL/FR
spicy
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
sweet
vanilla oleoresin bali
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
woody
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
benzyl disulfide
FL
birch tar oil
FL/FR
(R)-gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
2,5-
diethyl tetrahydrofuran
FL
(R)-gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
alpha-
ethoxy-ortho-cresol
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
(Z)-
linalool oxide (furanoid)
FL/FR
1-
methyl pyrrole
FL
2-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
amber
amber
amber naphthofuran
FL/FR
bouillon
bouillon, vegetable, smoke
FL
burnt
furfuryl alcohol
FL
rum ether
FL/FR
2,6-
xylenol
FL/FR
camphoreous
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
cheesy
smoked gouda
cheese flavor
FL
smoked cheddar
cheese flavor
FL
citrus
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
coffee
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
fatty
bacon
fat flavor
FL
floral
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
fruity
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
green
3,4-
dimethoxystyrene
FL
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
iso
phorone
FL
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
herbal
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
leathery
castoreum absolute
FL/FR
meaty
4-
allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL
ham enhancers
FL
ham flavor
FL
smoked
turkey flavor
FL
medicinal
2,6-
dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
moldy
strawberry furanone methyl ether
FL/FR
musty
thymyl methyl ether
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-1-methyl pyrrole
FL
oily
2-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
onion
2-
methyl-1,3-dithiolane
FL
phenolic
2-
ethyl benzene thiol
FL
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
rummy
vanillyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
smoky
4-
ethyl phenol
FL/FR
2-
methoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL/FR
prosopis juliflora wood extract
FL
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids hickory
FL/FR
smoke flavor
FL
3,4-
xylenol
FL/FR
solvent
2-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
spicy
chipotle chili distillates
FL
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
sweet
vanilla oleoresin bali
FL/FR
tea
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
woody
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
ginseng distillates
FL
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
quercus alba chips extract
FL
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRleather
FLsmoke
FLsweet
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 almond gum
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 apple plant
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 apricot plant
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 banana fruit
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 basil seed
Search Trop Picture
 bean mung bean seed
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 beet leaf
Search Trop Picture
 cacao bean
Search Trop Picture
 caper plant
Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop Picture
 carob bean
Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop Picture
 cashew gum
Search Trop Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop Picture
 celery plant
Search Trop Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop Picture
 clove oil
Search Trop Picture
 corn plant
Search Trop Picture
 cress garden cress seed
Search Trop Picture
 dandelion plant
Search Trop Picture
 date palm fruit
Search Trop Picture
 fenugreek plant
Search Trop Picture
 fig leaf
Search Trop Picture
 flax seed
Search Trop Picture
 garlic root
Search Trop Picture
 ginkgo biloba wood
Search Trop Picture
 grape fruit
Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop Picture
 marango sap
Search Trop Picture
 onion bulb
Search Trop Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop Picture
 peach gum
Search Trop Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pokeweed root
Search Trop Picture
 puya raimondii
Search Trop Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 rice seed
Search Trop Picture
 roselle calyx
Search Trop Picture
 soybean seed
Search Trop Picture
 tamarind seed
Search Trop Picture
 tarragon leaf
Search Trop Picture
 tarragon root
Search Trop Picture
 wheat plant
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
(2S,3R,4S,5R)-oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
(2S,3R,4S,5R)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxypentanal
 wood sugar
 xylo-pfan
 xylomed
 xylopyranose
a-xylopyranose
a-D-xylopyranose
(+)-xylose
a-D-xylose
D-xylose
D-(+)-xylose
D-xylose USP
 xylose, D-
D-xylose, natural
 XYP
 XYS
 

Articles:

PubMed:Identification of Bitter Modulating Maillard-Catechin Reaction Products.
PubMed:A New α-Galactosidase from Thermoacidophilic Alicyclobacillus sp. A4 with Wide Acceptor Specificity for Transglycosylation.
PubMed:Overcoming inefficient cellobiose fermentation by cellobiose phosphorylase in the presence of xylose.
PubMed:The effect of thyme and tea tree oils on morphology and metabolism of Candida albicans.
PubMed:L-Arabinose isomerase and D-xylose isomerase from Lactobacillus reuteri: characterization, coexpression in the food grade host Lactobacillus plantarum, and application in the conversion of D-galactose and D-glucose.
PubMed:Characterization of plant-derived lactococci on the basis of their volatile compounds profile when grown in milk.
PubMed:[Method of quantitative analysis by HPLC and confirmation by LC-MS of sugar alcohols in foods].
PubMed:Ammoxidation of lignocellulosic materials: formation of nonheterocyclic nitrogenous compounds from monosaccharides.
PubMed:Characterization and bioactivity of polysaccharides obtained from pine cones of Pinus koraiensis by graded ethanol precipitation.
PubMed:Disruption of the L-arabitol dehydrogenase encoding gene in Aspergillus tubingensis results in increased xylanase production.
PubMed:Oral serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin improves duodenal immune reconstitution and absorption function in patients with HIV enteropathy.
PubMed:In vitro growth of four individual human gut bacteria on oligosaccharides produced by chemoenzymatic synthesis.
PubMed:Subcutaneous application of levothyroxine as successful treatment option in a patient with malabsorption.
PubMed:Low pH D-xylonate production with Pichia kudriavzevii.
PubMed:Intestinal absorption and pancreatic function are preserved in anorexia nervosa patients in both a severely malnourished state and after recovery.
PubMed:Microbial D-xylonate production.
PubMed:Coconut-derived D-xylose affects postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy individuals.
PubMed:Red pigment production by Penicillium purpurogenum GH2 is influenced by pH and temperature.
PubMed:Characterization of Candida sp. NY7122, a novel pentose-fermenting soil yeast.
PubMed:Discovery of nigerose phosphorylase from Clostridium phytofermentans.
PubMed:Contribution of sulfur-containing compounds to the colour-inhibiting effect and improved antioxidant activity of Maillard reaction products of soybean protein hydrolysates.
PubMed:Microbial and bioconversion production of D-xylitol and its detection and application.
PubMed:The genetics, transcriptional profiles, and catalytic properties of UDP-alpha-D-xylose 4-epimerases from barley.
PubMed:[Study on the structure and constituents of polysaccharide from ganoderma lucidum].
PubMed:Quantification of xylitol in foods by an indirect competitive immunoassay.
PubMed:Physicochemical properties and antioxidant capacity of 3 polysaccharides from green tea, oolong tea, and black tea.
PubMed:In vitro fermentation of arabinoxylan-derived carbohydrates by bifidobacteria and mixed fecal microbiota.
PubMed:Xylose reductase activity in Debaryomyces hansenii UFV-170 cultivated in semi-synthetic medium and cotton husk hemicellulose hydrolyzate.
PubMed:Acetobacter fabarum sp. nov., an acetic acid bacterium from a Ghanaian cocoa bean heap fermentation.
PubMed:Effect of intestinal pacing on small bowel transit and nutrient absorption in healthy volunteers.
PubMed:Characterization of pyranose dehydrogenase from Agaricus meleagris and its application in the C-2 specific conversion of D-galactose.
PubMed:In vivo anti-influenza virus activity of an immunomodulatory acidic polysaccharide isolated from Cordyceps militaris grown on germinated soybeans.
PubMed:Reductively aminated D-xylose-albumin conjugate as the immunogen for generation of IgG and IgE antibodies specific to D-xylitol, a haptenic allergen.
PubMed:Release of D-xylose from wheat straw by acid and xylanase hydrolysis and purification of xylitol.
PubMed:Characterization of weight loss and weight regain mechanisms after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in rats.
PubMed:Description of a new species, Bifidobacterium crudilactis sp. nov., isolated from raw milk and raw milk cheeses.
PubMed:Properties of pyranose dehydrogenase purified from the litter-degrading fungus Agaricus xanthoderma.
PubMed:Chemistry and some biological effects of model melanoidins and pigments as Maillard intermediates.
PubMed:[Isolation and identification of a bacterial strain JS018 capable of degrading several kinds of organophosphate pesticides].
PubMed:Hypothalamic integration of immune function and metabolism.
PubMed:Discovery of natural atypical nonhemolytic Listeria seeligeri isolates.
PubMed:Determination of acephate in human urine.
PubMed:Reaction on D-glucal by an inverting phosphorylase to synthesize derivatives of 2-deoxy-beta-D-arabino-hexopyranosyl-(1-->4)-D-glucose (2II-deoxycellobiose).
PubMed:Treatment of short gut syndrome with early living related small bowel transplantation.
PubMed:Direct production of D-arabinose from D-xylose by a coupling reaction using D-xylose isomerase, D-tagatose 3-epimerase and D-arabinose isomerase.
PubMed:Effect of pretreatment of food gluten with prolyl endopeptidase on gluten-induced malabsorption in celiac sprue.
PubMed:Neutron diffraction and computer simulation studies of D-xylose.
PubMed:Xylanase production by fungal strains on spent sulphite liquor.
PubMed:Lack of carcinogenicity of D-xylose given in the diet to F344 rats for two years.
PubMed:[Recent advances in structures and relative enzyme properties of xylanase].
PubMed:Isomerisation of aldoses in pyridine in the presence of aluminium oxide.
PubMed:Mode of action of xylogalacturonan hydrolase towards xylogalacturonan and xylogalacturonan oligosaccharides.
PubMed:Saccharomyces cerevisiae engineered for xylose metabolism exhibits a respiratory response.
PubMed:Novel reactions of L-rhamnose isomerase from Pseudomonas stutzeri and its relation with D-xylose isomerase via substrate specificity.
PubMed:Nonenzymatic browning kinetics of a carbohydrate-based low-moisture food system at temperatures applicable to spray drying.
PubMed:4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone formation by Zygosaccharomyces rouxii: effect of the medium.
PubMed:Multiple forms of xylose reductase in Candida intermedia: comparison of their functional properties using quantitative structure-activity relationships, steady-state kinetic analysis, and pH studies.
PubMed:Biogenetic studies in Syringa vulgaris L.: bioconversion of (18)O(2H)-labeled precursors into lilac aldehydes and lilac alcohols.
PubMed:Analysis of reducing carbohydrates by reductive tryptamine derivatization prior to micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography.
PubMed:Enteral feeding of premature infants with Saccharomyces boulardii.
PubMed:Pathogenicity of turkey coronavirus in turkeys and chickens.
PubMed:Enzymatic synthesis of a library of beta-(1-->4) hetero- D-glucose and D-xylose-based oligosaccharides employing cellodextrin phosphorylase.
PubMed:Staphylococcus equorum subsp. linens, subsp. nov., a starter culture component for surface ripened semi-hard cheeses.
PubMed:Nutritional evaluation and functional properties of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) flour.
PubMed:Characterization of a cellobiose phosphorylase from a hyperthermophilic eubacterium, Thermotoga maritima MSB8.
PubMed:Effect of molecular structure on the conductivity of amorphous carbohydrate-water-KCl mixtures in the supercooled liquid state.
PubMed:Low-dose growth hormone in adult home parenteral nutrition-dependent short bowel syndrome patients: a positive study.
PubMed:Biogenetic studies in Syringa vulgaris L.: synthesis and bioconversion of deuterium-labeled precursors into lilac aldehydes and lilac alcohols.
PubMed:Optimal growth and ethanol production from xylose by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae require moderate D-xylulokinase activity.
PubMed:Screening of facultative anaerobic bacteria utilizing D-xylose for xylitol production.
PubMed:Carnobacterium viridans sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, facultative anaerobe isolated from refrigerated, vacuum-packed bologna sausage.
PubMed:Performance testing of Zymomonas mobilis metabolically engineered for cofermentation of glucose, xylose, and arabinose.
PubMed:Weissella kimchii sp. nov., a novel lactic acid bacterium from kimchi.
PubMed:Application of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pichia stipitis karyoductants to the production of ethanol from xylose.
PubMed:Xylose as a nectar sugar: from biochemistry to ecology.
PubMed:New efficient amylase-producing strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and L. fermentum isolated from different Nigerian traditional fermented foods.
PubMed:Transient-state and steady-state kinetic studies of the mechanism of NADH-dependent aldehyde reduction catalyzed by xylose reductase from the yeast Candida tenuis.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of pyranose oxidase from the white rot fungus Trametes multicolor.
PubMed:Exploring the active site of yeast xylose reductase by site-directed mutagenesis of sequence motifs characteristic of two dehydrogenase/reductase family types.
PubMed:Structural and functional properties of aldose xylose reductase from the D-xylose-metabolizing yeast Candida tenuis.
PubMed:Use of an orally administered combined sugar solution to evaluate intestinal absorption and permeability in cats.
PubMed:Conversion of sugars to 1,2-propanediol by Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum HG-8.
PubMed:Haloanaerobium fermentans sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic, fermentative halophile isolated from fermented puffer fish ovaries.
PubMed:[A 13-week subchronic toxicity study of D-xylose in F344 rats].
PubMed:Effect of casein-derived peptides on D-xylose absorption assessed by H2 breath test in normal volunteers.
PubMed:D-Xylose metabolism by Candida intermedia: isolation and characterisation of two forms of aldose reductase with different coenzyme specificities.
PubMed:Food-induced malabsorption syndromes.
PubMed:Variation in the degree of D-xylose substitution in water-extractable European durum wheat (Triticum durum desf.) semolina arabinoxylans.
PubMed:Distribution and structural variation of arabinoxylans in common wheat mill streams.
PubMed:Binding energy and specificity in the catalytic mechanism of yeast aldose reductases.
PubMed:Increased intestinal glucose absorption and postprandial hyperglycaemia at the early step of glucose intolerance in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats.
PubMed:GLP-2 augments the adaptive response to massive intestinal resection in rat.
PubMed:Lowering the pH optimum of D-xylose isomerase: the effect of mutations of the negatively charged residues.
PubMed:[Effect of casein derived peptides on D-xylose absorption and small intestinal motility in dogs].
PubMed:Effects of glucagon on postprandial carbohydrate metabolism in nondiabetic humans.
PubMed:Physiologic response to a protein, carbohydrate, fat meal in patients with human immunodeficiency virus who underwent small intestinal enteropathy as characterized by a kinetic model of D-xylose absorption.
PubMed:NAD(P)H-dependent aldose reductase from the xylose-assimilating yeast Candida tenuis. Isolation, characterization and biochemical properties of the enzyme.
PubMed:Effect of growth hormone, glutamine, and diet on adaptation in short-bowel syndrome: a randomized, controlled study.
PubMed:Production of Xylitol from D-xylose by Debaryomyces hansenii.
PubMed:Hypolactasia and metabolic changes in post-menopausal women.
PubMed:Purification and Characterization of a [beta]-D-Xylosidase and an Endo-Xylanase from Wheat Flour.
PubMed:Continuous enzymatic production of xylitol with simultaneous coenzyme regeneration in a charged membrane reactor.
PubMed:Kinetics of mRNA and protein synthesis of genes controlled by the 1,4-beta-endoxylanase A promoter in controlled fermentations of Aspergillus awamori.
PubMed:An expression system based on the promoter region of the Aspergillus awamori 1,4-beta-endoxylanase A gene.
PubMed:Molecular and industrial aspects of glucose isomerase.
PubMed:Effect of casein and casein hydrolysate on small bowel motility and D-xylose absorption in dogs.
PubMed:Probing the roles of active site residues in D-xylose isomerase.
PubMed:[Effect of casein on D-xylose absorption assessed by H2 breath test].
PubMed:Perturbing the metal site in D-xylose isomerase. Effect of mutations of His-220 on enzyme stability.
PubMed:The effect of cell density on the production of xylitol from D-xylose by yeast.
PubMed:Kinetic analysis of D-xylose absorption after its intragastric administration to mares deprived of food.
PubMed:[Apple powder in the treatment of patients with chronic enteritis].
PubMed:Experimental infection of specific-pathogen-free turkey poults with single and combined enterovirus and group A rotavirus.
PubMed:Kinetic analysis of D-xylose distribution after intravenous administration to mares.
PubMed:Fluorescent properties of the Escherichia coli D-xylose isomerase active site.
PubMed:Nutritional value of D-xylose and L-arabinose for broiler chicks.
PubMed:Nutritional status and food intake in human immunodeficiency virus infection. GI/HIV Study Group.
PubMed:Complementation of the inability of Lactobacillus strains to utilize D-xylose with D-xylose catabolism-encoding genes of Lactobacillus pentosus.
PubMed:The effect of exercise associated with acute poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed:The effect of exercise associated with subchronic poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed:The effect of acute poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed:The effect of subchronic poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed:[The absorption function of the small intestine and the effect on it of diet therapy in food allergy in children].
PubMed:Impaired intestinal function in symptomatic HIV infection.
PubMed:Cellulase production by Trichoderma reesei when cultured on xylose-based media supplemented with sorbose.
PubMed:Cloning and expression of the Clostridium thermosulfurogenes glucose isomerase gene in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis.
PubMed:[Isolation of Listeria ivanovii in Slovakia].
PubMed:[The characteristics of absorption in the small intestine of young infants with hypotrophy and encephalopathy undergoing protein-anabolic therapy].
PubMed:The solubilization of a glucuronyltransferase involved in pea (Pisum sativum var. Alaska) glucuronoxylan synthesis.
PubMed:Effect of food deprivation on D-xylose absorption test results in mares.
PubMed:Exocrine pancreatic function in patients with progressive systemic sclerosis.
PubMed:Digestibility of pentose sugars and uronic acids and their effect on chick weight gain and caecal size.
PubMed:[Anti-alpha-gliadin antibodies. Sensitivity, specificity and correlation with blood xylose test in the 3 diagnostic stages of celiac disease in children].
PubMed:Chemically induced bowel denervation improves survival in short bowel syndrome.
PubMed:Enteral versus parenteral therapy for intractable diarrhea of infancy: a prospective, randomized trial.
PubMed:[Enteral resorption kinetics in the aging process].
PubMed:Protracted diarrhea in infancy: clinical aspects and ultrastructural analysis of the small intestine.
PubMed:Use of D-xylose to detect ingestion of a powdered milk food supplement by family members other than the children 0-2 years of age for whom it was intended.
PubMed:Age-dependent alterations of intestinal absorption. II. A clinical study using a modified D-xylose absorption test.
PubMed:Atypical biogroups of Escherichia coli found in clinical specimens and description of Escherichia hermannii sp. nov.
PubMed:Serum D-xylose absorption tests: reproducibility and diagnostic usefulness in food-induced enterocolitis.
PubMed:The effect of dietary fibre on D-xylose absorption.
PubMed:[Postoperative small intestinal resorption after retropubic extravesical bladder neck adenomectomy (Millin)].
PubMed:Distinctions among three sugars in their effects on gastric emptying and satiety.
PubMed:[Enteric resorption of an oral, balanced synthetic diet (Berlamin). Clinical experimental study using the modified D-xylose resorption test].
PubMed:[Enteral resorption and tumor cachexia].
PubMed:Immunological studies of eosinophilic gastro-enteritis and treatment with disodium cromoglycate and beclomethasone dipropionate.
PubMed:Investigation of reserve functional ability of small intestine by xylose test after food loading.
PubMed:Intestinal bypass surgery for obesity decreases food intake and taste preferences.
PubMed:[d-Xylose test after food loading as a method of functional study of the small intestine].
PubMed:[Assessment of intestinal absorption by means of d-xylose test in patients with asthma with reference to skin tests for alimentary allergens].
PubMed:D-Xylose excretion--a test for tropical sprue in children and as a tracer for dietary supplementation.
 
Notes:
Flavouring ingredient, sweetener. Present in straw, corncobs and pecan shells Xylose is a sugar first isolated from wood, and named for it. Xylose is classified as a monosaccharide of the aldopentose type, which means that it contains five carbon atoms and includes an aldehyde functional group. It is the precursor to hemicellulose, one of the main constituents of biomass. (Wikipedia)
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