BT

Typical G.C. analysis

aloysia triphylla oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.54  aromadendrene
350.10epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
480.15beta- bisabolene
310.56beta- bourbonene
520.24delta- cadinene
530.26gamma- cadinene
660.97T- cadinol
290.05alpha- campholenic aldehyde
570.36trans- carveol
590.12cis- carveol
500.50  carvone
373.49beta- caryophyllene
614.87  caryophyllene oxide
340.43alpha- cedrene
1110.071,8- cineole
260.17  citronellal
280.58alpha- copaene
544.93ar- curcumene
160.11para- cymene
420.11(E)-beta- farnesene
4911.93  geranial
580.04  geraniol
560.21  geranyl propionate
461.50  germacrene D
120.17(E)-2- hexenal
180.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
430.51alpha- humulene
1018.59  limonene
240.22(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
230.47(Z)-1,2-limonene epoxide + 1-octen-3-ol
320.38  linalool
220.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
400.41(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
10.35  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
620.08  methyl eugenol
40.102- methyl-3-buten-2-ol
190.016- methyl-3-heptanol
360.086- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
171.406- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
670.19T- muurolol
70.40  myrcene
445.99  neral
550.12  nerol
630.73  nerolidol
510.72  neryl acetate
151.41(E)-beta- ocimene
130.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.06  perillene
300.40(E,E)-photocitral
270.22(Z,Z)- photocitral
210.14  photocitral B
21.42alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
600.07  piperitenone
390.31  rosefuran epoxide
62.83  sabinene
250.80(E)- sabinene hydrate
330.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
654.30  spathulenol
380.31  terpinen-4-ol
80.08alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
452.00alpha- terpineol
30.20alpha- thujene
90.051,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo(2,2,2)oct-5-ene
640.08  viridiflorol
470.27  zingiberene

T. Ozek, N. Kirimer, K. H. C. Baser and G. Tiimen, Composition of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla (l’Herit,) Britton grown in Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8,581-563 (1896).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

artemisia vestita wall. flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1110.80  aromadendrene
126.00  cadinene
131.40  chamazulene
36.401,8- cineole
89.80  citral
71.60  citronellal
92.20  citronellol
106.20  geraniol
18.60  hexanal
215.60alpha- phellandrene
47.00alpha- terpinene
51.50beta- thujone
63.20  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.10allo- aromadendrene
160.30  bicyclogermacrene
140.10beta- caryophyllene
40.10exo-iso citral
50.30  citronellal
130.10beta- elemene
1248.50  geranial
72.30iso geranial
100.80  geraniol
170.10  germacrene B
30.50  linalool
10.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.40  myrcene
942.50  neral
61.20iso neral
80.20  nerol
110.20  piperitone
180.10  spathulenol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 735, (2000)
bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.36(E)-alpha- bergamotene
 trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
 0.6beta- bisabolene
 tracealpha- bisabolol
 tracebeta- bisabolol
 trace  camphorenone
 0.09  carvone
 0.2beta- caryophyllene
 0.02  citronellal
 0.02  citronellyl acetate
 trace  coumarin
 3.5para- cymene
 0.03  decyl acetate
 trace8,9-didehydronootkatone
 trace dihydrojasmone
 0.04beta- farnesene
 trace  farnesol
 0.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
 0.6  geraniol
 0.8  geranyl acetate
 0.02  germacrene D
 trace guaienol
 0.04alpha- humulene
 trace  indole
 trace(Z)- jasmone
 trace lanceal
 26.0(+)- limonene
 16.0  linalool
 34.0  linalyl acetate
 trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 1.3  myrcene
 0.6 neral + geranial
 0.08  nerol
 0.02  nerolidol
 1.2  neryl acetate
 0.08  nonanal
 trace  nootkatone
 0.07  octanal
 0.02  octanol
 trace5- octen-2-one
 0.15  octyl acetate
 0.1beta- phellandrene
 2.2alpha- pinene
 10.0beta- pinene
 1.0  sabinene
 trace2-santalene hydrates
 tracebeta- sinensal
 trace  spathulenol
 0.06  terpinen-4-ol
 3.2alpha- terpinene
 11.0gamma- terpinene
 0.3alpha- terpineol
 1.0  terpinolene
cassinia laevis flower oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.10  bicyclogermacrene
300.40  bulnesol
172.40delta- cadinene
292.50T- cadinol
102.10beta- caryophyllene
42.801,8- cineole
60.40  citronellal
91.90alpha- copaene
123.60beta- copaene
130.90  germacrene D
201.20  globulol
110.30alpha- guaiene
222.20  guaiol
250.70  humulene oxide I
271.00  humulene oxide II
2419.30  ledol
34.30  limonene
167.70alpha- muurolene
280.40alpha- muurolol
180.70  palustrol
113.60alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
210.40  rosifoliol
50.70(Z)- sabinene hydrate
152.20beta- selinene
198.00  spathulenol
70.90  terpinen-4-ol
81.00alpha- terpineol
311.20 unknown a
230.40  viridiflorol
265.30  widdrol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 78, (2001)
cassinia laevis leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.10  bicyclogermacrene
280.90  bulnesol
170.70delta- cadinene
270.10T- cadinol
102.30beta- caryophyllene
41.101,8- cineole
60.50  citronellal
91.60alpha- copaene
124.30beta- copaene
130.60  germacrene D
200.40  globulol
110.50alpha- guaiene
211.30  guaiol
231.30  humulene oxide I
250.70  humulene oxide II
2239.50  ledol
30.80  limonene
169.60alpha- muurolene
260.30alpha- muurolol
181.20  palustrol
19.80alpha- pinene
20.20beta- pinene
50.10(Z)- sabinene hydrate
153.50beta- selinene
194.00  spathulenol
70.50  terpinen-4-ol
80.70alpha- terpineol
243.80  widdrol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 78, (2001)
cinnamomum zeylanicum leaf oil
The seasonal variation in the composition of cinnamon leaf oil produced from leaves harvested at different times of the year was studied by Kaul et al. (1996). They found that oil produced from leaves harvested either in the summer or in the winter possessed comparable chemical compositions, whereas an oil produced from leaves harvested in the rainy season had a reduced level of eugenol and an increased level of eugenyl acetate (Table VIII). Note: this page will only include the summer harvest.
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.43  benzyl benzoate
200.06delta- cadinene
30.12  camphene
170.48beta- caryophyllene
210.26  caryophyllene oxide
130.17(E)- cinnamaldehyde
160.19(E)- cinnamyl acetate
90.07  citronellal
60.36para- cymene
150.34beta- elemene
1493.94  eugenol
191.07  eugenyl acetate
180.12alpha- humulene
70.31 limonene + 1,8-cineole
80.86  linalool
50.23alpha- phellandrene
20.33alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
120.07  piperitone
100.09  terpinen-4-ol
110.10alpha- terpineol
10.03alpha- thujene

P. N. Kaul, A. K. Battacharya and B. R. Rajeswara Rae, Seasonal variation in the composition of the essential oil of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) leaves. Indian Perfum., 40(2), 36-38 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
70.40delta-3- carene
260.70beta- caryophyllene
200.50  citronellal
13tracepara- cymene
210.20  decanal
19tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
2940.00  geranial
330.60  geraniol
300.50  geranyl acetate
15trace  hexanol
10trace(E)-2- hexenal
17trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
824.70  limonene
220.80  linalool
23trace  linalyl acetate
61.00  myrcene
2823.80  neral
320.20  nerol
18trace  nonanal
121.40(E)-beta- ocimene
90.10beta- phellandrene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
240.10iso pulegol
52.30  sabinene
310.10beta- selinene
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI. Composition of leaf oil from ten Citrus taxa and some intrageneric hybrids Bull. Brew. Sci., 18, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus aurantium peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
430.10delta- cadinene
42tracegamma- cadinene
280.02  carvacrol
200.05  carveol
220.03  carvone
380.03beta- caryophyllene
150.01  citronellal
210.07  citronellol
360.05alpha- copaene
33tracealpha- cubebene
400.36beta- cubebene
60.52para- cymene
190.10  decanal
340.03  decanoic acid
37tracebeta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
410.04gamma- elemene
44trace  elemol
25trace  geranial
35trace  geranyl acetate
390.02alpha- humulene
786.36  limonene
131.91  linalool
100.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.08(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
51.83  myrcene
16trace  naphthalene
230.04  nerol
450.02  nerolidol
320.03  neryl acetate
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
260.01  perillaldehyde
290.01  perillyl alcohol
21.17alpha- pinene
40.63beta- pinene
240.02iso piperitenone
30.07  sabinene
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
94.25gamma- terpinene
180.24alpha- terpineol
140.02beta- terpineol
120.21  terpinolene
10.22alpha- thujene
270.12  thymol
30trace  undecanal

M-B. Huang, D-X. Zhang, C-T. Yan and S-B. Yang, Identification and determination of the constituents of essential oil extracted from Fructus Citri aurantii by GC and GC/MS. Sepu, 8, 321-325 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium subsp. junos leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
260.39-0.55beta- caryophyllene
160.28-0.30  citronellal
90.71-1.09para- cymene
190.07-0.12  decanal
250.19-0.39beta- elemene
310.03-0.04  elemol
320.15-0.21beta- eudesmol
290.05alpha- farnesene
230.14-0.17  geranyl acetate
270.13-0.14alpha- humulene
1015.14-18.98  limonene
150.19-0.21  linalool
200.07-0.08  linalyl acetate
2445.36-58.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.11-0.15gamma- muurolene
60.55-0.82  myrcene
300.23-0.28  nerolidol
220.07-0.14  neryl acetate
113.42-5.14(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace-0.03  octanol
70.27-0.36alpha- phellandrene
20.68-1.62alpha- pinene
50.86-1.56beta- pinene
40.24-0.33  sabinene
170.05-0.06  terpinen-4-ol
80.08-0.12alpha- terpinene
1213.62-18.46gamma- terpinene
180.05-0.06alpha- terpineol
140.42-0.52  terpinolene
10.25-0.63alpha- thujene
210.07-0.08  undecanal

Y-Z. Huang, Y-H. Cao, Q-Y. Chen and Y-L. Wu, Studies on the chemical components of essential oil from the leaves of Citrus junos (Sieb) Tan cv. louhancherg Hort. Chemistry Industry Forest Prod., 13, 165-168 (1993).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus aurantium var. bergamia wright et arn. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02  borneol
70.641,8- cineole
110.02  citronellal
233.27  citronellol
150.42  citronellyl acetate
213.15  geranial
252.77  geraniol
220.08  geranyl acetate
190.90alpha- humulene
51.21  limonene
1222.39  linalool
1351.64  linalyl acetate
100.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.63  myrcene
160.07  neral
241.21  nerol
200.27  neryl acetate
81.54beta- ocimene
60.04beta- phellandrene
10.09alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
30.15  sabinene
142.53  terpinen-4-ol
174.21alpha- terpineol
90.31  terpinolene

Y. S. Cheng and C. S. Lee, Composition of leaf essential oils from ten Citrus species. Proc. Natl Sci. Count. B. ROC, 5, 278-283(1981).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus grandis peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.19delta- cadinene
24tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
120.35beta- caryophyllene
360.11  citronellal
220.04  citronellol
480.03  citronellyl acetate
100.11alpha- copaene
110.11beta- copaene
340.53  decanal
470.02  decyl acetate
350.07  dodecanal
420.02  dodecanoic acid
130.03beta- elemene
280.09  elemol
290.12  farnesol
380.17  geranial
250.02  geraniol
490.19  geranyl acetate
150.13  germacrene D
440.11  hexadecanoic acid
300.01  hexanal
310.03(E)-2- hexenal
45trace  hexyl butyrate
140.10alpha- humulene
500.02  limonen-10-yl acetate
591.12  limonene
520.02(E)- limonene oxide
51trace(Z)- limonene oxide
180.25  linalool
41.78  myrcene
370.08  neral
230.01  nerol
270.03  nerolidol
330.06  nonanal
400.60  nootkatone
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
70.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
320.26  octanal
410.02  octanoic acid
170.13  octanol
460.11  octyl acetate
390.05  perillaldehyde
60.27beta- phellandrene
10.45alpha- pinene
20.09beta- pinene
30.93  sabinene
190.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.02  terpinen-4-ol
210.12alpha- terpineol
9trace  terpinolene
430.03  tetradecanoic acid

H. Gotou and T. Fukumoto, Flavor constituents of pummelos (Citrus grandis Osbeck). Koryo, 183, 95-105 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
37trace(Z)-alpha-farnesene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi var. CO2 extract falvedo
co2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.07alpha- bergamotene
430.52delta- cadinene
30.02  camphene
230.03  carveol
371.42beta- caryophyllene
180.12  citronellal
310.04  citronellyl acetate
330.34alpha- copaene
350.36beta- cubebene
210.63  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.11  elemol
420.09alpha- farnesene
400.40beta- farnesene
470.08(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.15  geranial
260.18  geraniol
340.26  geranyl acetate
410.11  germacrene D
390.31alpha- humulene
984.06 limonene + para-cymene
160.43  linalool
61.40  myrcene
250.15  neral
240.05  nerol
450.15(E)- nerolidol
320.05  neryl acetate
170.05  nonanal
485.19  nootkatone
110.28(E)-beta- ocimene
100.09(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.47 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.11  octanol
220.09  octyl acetate
280.05  perillaldehyde
20.21alpha- pinene
50.06beta- pinene
40.17  sabinene
130.01(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.31beta- sinensal
190.07  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.74gamma- terpinene
200.32alpha- terpineol
150.06  terpinolene
300.02alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.02alpha- thujene
290.09  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.13delta- cadinene
260.41beta- caryophyllene
150.04  citronellal
220.04  citronellyl acetate
280.05beta- copaene
80.08para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
180.22  decanal
250.12  decyl acetate
210.09  geranial
240.12  geranyl acetate
320.02  geranyl butyrate
330.01  hexadecane
270.02alpha- humulene
987.19  limonene
140.19  linalool
120.02  linalool oxide
30.01(Z)- linalool oxide
62.91  myrcene
200.06  neral
230.02  neryl acetate
340.18  nootkatone
100.61(E)-beta- ocimene
350.02  octadecane
190.03  octyl acetate
300.05  pentadecane
70.06alpha- phellandrene
20.78alpha- pinene
50.15beta- pinene
41.50  sabinene
160.08  terpinen-4-ol
110.10gamma- terpinene
170.06alpha- terpineol
130.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
290.06  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. falvedo oil
hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.01alpha- bergamotene
430.02delta- cadinene
30.01  camphene
230.05  carveol
370.13beta- caryophyllene
180.03  citronellal
310.01  citronellyl acetate
330.13alpha- copaene
350.04beta- cubebene
210.19  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.01  elemol
42tracealpha- farnesene
400.02beta- farnesene
470.01(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.04  geranial
260.02  geraniol
340.08  geranyl acetate
41trace  germacrene D
390.03alpha- humulene
994.98 limonene + para-cymene
160.16  linalool
61.65  myrcene
250.05  neral
240.04  nerol
450.02(E)- nerolidol
320.12  neryl acetate
170.03  nonanal
480.26  nootkatone
110.13(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.03 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.16  octanol
220.03  octyl acetate
280.03  perillaldehyde
20.50alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.04beta- sinensal
190.05  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.01gamma- terpinene
200.07alpha- terpineol
150.04  terpinolene
30tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
290.10  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. foster oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.14delta- cadinene
250.48beta- caryophyllene
140.06  citronellal
210.05  citronellyl acetate
270.05beta- copaene
70.10para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
170.29  decanal
240.14  decyl acetate
200.08  geranial
230.08  geranyl acetate
310.01  geranyl butyrate
260.08alpha- humulene
888.09  limonene
130.19  linalool
110.02  linalool oxide
52.99  myrcene
190.07  neral
220.02  neryl acetate
320.10  nootkatone
90.72(E)-beta- ocimene
330.02  octadecane
180.08  octyl acetate
290.04  pentadecane
60.08alpha- phellandrene
20.74alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
31.41  sabinene
150.09  terpinen-4-ol
100.12gamma- terpinene
160.04alpha- terpineol
120.13  terpinolene
10.02alpha- thujene
280.06  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. jubilee oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.38delta- cadinene
280.20beta- caryophyllene
160.04  citronellal
240.03  citronellyl acetate
300.05beta- copaene
91.09para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
190.79  decanal
270.59  decyl acetate
220.02  geranial
260.06  geranyl acetate
340.02  geranyl butyrate
350.01  hexadecane
290.75alpha- humulene
1067.60  limonene
150.12  linalool
130.02  linalool oxide
40.03(Z)- linalool oxide
72.43  myrcene
210.03  neral
250.01  neryl acetate
10.01  nonane
360.35  nootkatone
111.12(E)-beta- ocimene
370.04  octadecane
200.06  octyl acetate
320.32  pentadecane
80.06alpha- phellandrene
31.76alpha- pinene
61.57beta- pinene
50.26  sabinene
170.06  terpinen-4-ol
1215.41gamma- terpinene
180.03alpha- terpineol
140.84  terpinolene
20.59alpha- thujene
230.02  undecanal
310.13  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.19delta- cadinene
260.53beta- caryophyllene
150.06  citronellal
220.05  citronellyl acetate
280.05beta- copaene
80.11para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
180.27  decanal
250.15  decyl acetate
210.08  geranial
240.14  geranyl acetate
320.01  geranyl butyrate
270.05alpha- humulene
985.09  limonene
140.20  linalool
120.04  linalool oxide
30.01(Z)- linalool oxide
63.01  myrcene
200.06  neral
230.01  neryl acetate
330.18  nootkatone
100.63(E)-beta- ocimene
340.03  octadecane
190.07  octyl acetate
300.07  pentadecane
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.74alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
41.64  sabinene
160.12  terpinen-4-ol
110.16gamma- terpinene
170.06alpha- terpineol
130.10  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
290.08  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus reticulata blanco var. mandarin oil japan
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.10  citronellal
17trace  citronellol
60.10para- cymene
100.10  decanal
15trace  geranial
16trace  geranyl acetate
489.90  limonene
110.60  linalool
31.80  myrcene
13trace  neral
18trace  nerol
80.20  octanal
12trace  octanol
11.20alpha- pinene
20.30beta- pinene
54.60gamma- terpinene
140.10alpha- terpineol
70.20  terpinolene

M. Sawamura, S. H. Sun, K. Ozaki, J. Ishikawa and H. Ueda, Inhibitory effects of Citrus essential oils and their components on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine. J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 4868-4872 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus sinensis oil terpeneless
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.60  citronellal
91.40  citronellol
811.50  decanal
152.00  dodecanal
160.60  elemol
125.60  geranial
101.60  geraniol
20.80  limonene
527.90  linalool
114.50  neral
41.40  nonanal
191.40  nootkatone
14.80  octanal
32.90  octanol
130.80  perillaldehyde
180.80alpha- sinensal
171.30beta- sinensal
73.40alpha- terpineol
140.90  undecanal

A. Fleisher, G. Biza, N. Secord and J. Dono, Ultra-Tech Citrus Concentrates—A New Series of Deterpenified Citrus Oils. Perfum. Flav., 12(2), 57-61 (1987).

P&F 15, No. 6, 45, (1990)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed florida
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02beta- caryophyllene
90.04  citronellal
190.01beta- copaene
110.18  decanal
170.06  dodecanal
200.01beta- farnesene
130.08  geranial
595.37  limonene
80.17  linalool
31.81 myrcene + octanal
120.05  neral
70.02  nonanal
240.01  nootkatone
60.03  octanol
150.01  octyl acetate
140.01  perillaldehyde
40.05alpha- phellandrene
10.43alpha- pinene
20.34  sabinene
230.01alpha- sinensal
220.02beta- sinensal
100.03alpha- terpineol
160.01  undecanal
210.05  valencene

J. D. Vora, R. F. Matthews, P. G. Crandall and R. cook, Preparation and chemical composition of orange oil concentrates. J. Food Sci., 48, 1197-1199 (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed valencia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02beta- caryophyllene
90.05  citronellal
190.02beta- copaene
110.28  decanal
170.07  dodecanal
200.02beta- farnesene
130.10  geranial
595.17  limonene
80.25  linalool
31.86 myrcene + octanal
120.07  neral
70.02  nonanal
240.01  nootkatone
60.03  octanol
150.01  octyl acetate
140.01  perillaldehyde
40.05alpha- phellandrene
10.42alpha- pinene
20.24  sabinene
230.02alpha- sinensal
220.03beta- sinensal
100.03alpha- terpineol
160.02  undecanal
210.05  valencene

J. D. Vora, R. F. Matthews, P. G. Crandall and R. cook, Preparation and chemical composition of orange oil concentrates. J. Food Sci., 48, 1197-1199 (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis var. biondo comune c.p. blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.028delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.039delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.016beta- caryophyllene
220.035  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.023alpha- copaene
410.027beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.321  decanal
430.004  decyl acetate
420.050  dodecanal
510.025(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.026(E)-beta- farnesene
310.133  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.010  limonene
210.019(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.653  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.826  myrcene
290.088  neral
280.021  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.070  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.011  nootkatone
130.044(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.329  octanal
160.023  octanol
260.006  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.058alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.046beta- pinene
40.928  sabinene
150.022(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.042alpha- sinensal
570.044beta- sinensal
230.008  terpinen-4-ol
100.003alpha- terpinene
140.004gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.014  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.016  undecanal
490.067  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. moro oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.030delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.147delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.038  citronellal
370.006  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.031beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.161  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.031  dodecanal
510.021(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.022(E)-beta- farnesene
310.085  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.019  geranyl acetate
480.023  germacrene D
450.008alpha- humulene
1194.772  limonene
210.014(E)- limonene oxide
200.009(Z)- limonene oxide
180.542  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.008gamma- muurolene
61.859  myrcene
290.055  neral
280.024  nerol
550.006(E)- nerolidol
380.010  neryl acetate
190.035  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.022  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.008(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.142  octanal
160.027  octanol
260.005  octyl acetate
320.010  perillaldehyde
70.060alpha- phellandrene
20.480alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.596  sabinene
150.016(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.031alpha- sinensal
570.036beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.055alpha- terpineol
170.033  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.177  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. navelina c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.012  bornyl acetate
530.022delta- cadinene
520.007gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.407delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.060  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.018alpha- copaene
410.022beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.431  decanal
430.007  decyl acetate
420.062  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.006(E)-beta- farnesene
310.134  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.012  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1193.713  limonene
210.013(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.369  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.865  myrcene
290.089  neral
280.022  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.013  neryl acetate
190.064  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.018  nootkatone
130.033(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.517  octanal
160.026  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.091alpha- phellandrene
20.482alpha- pinene
50.038beta- pinene
40.785  sabinene
150.027(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.023alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.077  terpinolene
360.002alpha- terpinyl acetate
56trace  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.015  undecanal
490.101  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. ovale c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.040  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.155delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.048  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.263  decanal
430.014  decyl acetate
420.040  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.010(E)-beta- farnesene
310.122  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1194.376  limonene
210.010(E)- limonene oxide
200.017(Z)- limonene oxide
180.861  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.881  myrcene
290.083  neral
280.007  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.043  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.023(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.276  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.013  perillaldehyde
70.049alpha- phellandrene
20.471alpha- pinene
50.044beta- pinene
40.523  sabinene
150.019(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.007  terpinen-4-ol
100.005alpha- terpinene
140.017gamma- terpinene
240.067alpha- terpineol
170.030  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.038  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. sanguinello oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.013  bornyl acetate
530.026delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.104delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.026beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.271  decanal
430.026  decyl acetate
420.043  dodecanal
510.016(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.008  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.451  limonene
210.017(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.558  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.017gamma- muurolene
61.973  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.016  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.042  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.036  nootkatone
130.024(E)-beta- ocimene
120.007(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.173  octanal
160.011  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.502alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.487  sabinene
150.012(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.018alpha- sinensal
570.021beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.004alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.048alpha- terpineol
170.025  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.004  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.309  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. tarocco oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.015  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.065delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.027  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.162  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.026  dodecanal
510.014(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.073  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1195.496  limonene
210.011(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.428  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.011gamma- muurolene
61.818  myrcene
290.048  neral
280.008  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.038  nonanal
350.003  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.022(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.180  octanal
160.016  octanol
260.004  octyl acetate
320.008  perillaldehyde
70.075alpha- phellandrene
20.478alpha- pinene
50.023beta- pinene
40.377  sabinene
150.009(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.023beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.003gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.002  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.009  undecanal
490.093  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. valencia late c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.026  bornyl acetate
530.025delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.060delta-3- carene
270.007cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.058  citronellal
370.003  citronellyl acetate
390.019alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.400  decanal
430.016  decyl acetate
420.063  dodecanal
510.015(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.013(E)-beta- farnesene
310.127  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.006  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.276  limonene
210.012(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.524  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.006gamma- muurolene
62.052  myrcene
290.080  neral
280.019  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.061  nonanal
350.008  nonyl acetate
590.013  nootkatone
130.019(E)-beta- ocimene
120.003(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.416  octanal
160.022  octanol
260.009  octyl acetate
320.014  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.534alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.336  sabinene
150.010(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.028alpha- sinensal
570.050beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.060alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.014  undecanal
490.046  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. washington navel c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.014  bornyl acetate
530.023delta- cadinene
520.012gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.204delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.022beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.020alpha- copaene
410.026beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.264  decanal
430.012  decyl acetate
420.037  dodecanal
510.009(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.005(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.011  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.984  limonene
210.016(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.325  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.825  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.014  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.009  neryl acetate
190.040  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.029  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.257  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.045alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.431  sabinene
150.011(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.014alpha- sinensal
570.017beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.011alpha- terpinene
140.005gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.023  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.005  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.174  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus unshiu peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
54trace  bornyl acetate
230.012- butanol
200.86delta- cadinene
65trace  carvacrol
32tracetrans- carveol
34tracecis- carveol
49trace  carvone
120.07  caryophyllene
71trace1,8- cineole
440.03  citronellal
310.02  citronellol
370.03  citronellyl acetate
110.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cuminaldehyde
33tracepara- cymen-8-ol
80.22para- cymene
400.08  decanal
43trace(E)-2- decenal
380.01  decyl acetate
48trace  dihydrocarvone
420.03  dodecanal
62trace  dodecyl acetate
13tracebeta- elemene
10tracedelta- elemene
360.01beta- elemol
220.02  ethanol
51trace  ethyl propionate
180.53(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
570.11  geranyl acetate
60trace  geranyl propionate
150.46  germacrene D
52trace  heptyl acetate
140.10alpha- humulene
72trace  indole
290.01  limonen-4-ol
688.39  limonene
70trace(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
69trace(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
270.82  linalool
67trace(E)- linalool oxide
68trace(Z)- linalool oxide
59tracepara- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
610.03para-menth-1,8(10)-dien-9-yl acetate
350.01para- mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol
47trace  methyl heptenone
41.00  myrcene
560.03  neryl acetate
39trace  nonanal
550.01  nonyl acetate
500.03  nootkatone
19trace  octanal
530.03  octyl acetate
26trace  pentanol
250.012- pentanol
24trace3- pentanol
45trace  perillaldehyde
630.01  perillyl acetate
66trace  phenol
10.64alpha- pinene
20.16beta- pinene
30.24  sabinene
17tracealpha- selinene
16tracebeta- selinene
280.03  terpinen-4-ol
50.41alpha- terpinene
74.80gamma- terpinene
300.21alpha- terpineol
90.13  terpinolene
64trace  thymol
410.01  undecanal
21trace  undecane
58trace  undecyl acetate

I. Yajima, T. Yanai, M. Nakamum, H. Sakakibara and K. Hayashi, Composition of the Volatiles of Peel Oil and Juice from Citrus unshiu, Agric. BioI. Chem., 43, 259-264 (1979).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

curcuma longa root oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
81.40alpha- bergamotene
91.08  borneol
25.50  camphene
132.12  carvone
71.63beta- caryophyllene
54.05  citronellal
202.94  citronellyl valerate
32.16 cubebene
174.23ar- curcumene
41.15para- cymene
151.02  germacrene D
141.01  linalool
61.99  menthofuran
181.53  nerol
163.17beta-sesqui phellandrene
191.84  phellandrol
11.25alpha- pinene
120.96alpha- terpineol
1116.12 turmerone
1042.00ar- turmerone
211.14  xanthorrhizol

B. Gopalan, M. Goto, A. Kodama and T. Hirose, Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Turmeric (Curcuma longa). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2189-2192 (2000).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil ivory coast
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.60-0.80(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
12trace-0.10  bornyl acetate
160.40-0.60gamma- cadinene
270.30-0.40alpha- cadinol
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
9trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
210.20-0.70  elemol
250.10alpha- eudesmol
260.10-0.20beta- eudesmol
70.40 geigerene
1530.50-34.00  geranial
206.20-7.70  geraniol
172.10-3.50  geranyl acetate
220.10-0.20  germacrene D-4-ol
3trace  limonene
101.20-1.30  linalool
82.40-2.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.10-0.20T- muurolol
230.10alpha- muurolol
218.10-22.60  myrcene
1423.60-26.30  neral
190.10  nerol
50.30-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.20-0.30  sabinene
111.10-1.20  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.10-0.30(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
11trace-0.30  bornyl acetate
150.10-0.30gamma- cadinene
16trace-0.10delta- cadinene
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
8trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
1445.30-56.20  geranial
203.00-5.60  geraniol
170.20-0.40  geranyl acetate
30.10-0.20  limonene
90.60-0.90  linalool
71.20-2.306- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
26.20-9.10  myrcene
1321.30-32.50  neral
190.20-0.40  nerol
50.20-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.10  sabinene
100.70-1.90  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus leaf oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.59  cadinene
80.79  citronellal
1443.56  geranial
153.20  geranyl acetate
57.20  limonene
90.16  linalool
100.82  linalyl acetate
31.46  myrcene
1331.96  neral
40.05alpha- phellandrene
70.70beta- phellandrene
10.73alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
60.30  terpinene
121.38  terpineol

Z. Y. Daw, G. E. El-Baroty and A. M. Ebtesam, Inhibition od Aspergillus parasiticus growth and aflatoxin production by some essential oils. Chem. Mikrobiol.Technol. Lebensmitti., 16(5/6), 129-135 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil yunnan
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.21alpha- bergamotene
80.27cis- carveol
130.18beta- caryophyllene
60.65  citronellal
1036.69  geranial
120.52  geranyl acetate
76.43  limonene oxide
51.98  linalool
10.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
214.61  myrcene
935.24  neral
40.48(E)-beta- ocimene
30.61(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.192- tridecanone
110.152- undecanone

L-F. Zhu, H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and N-H. Xia, Aromatic plants and essential constituents. South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish.Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon khasianus x c. pendulus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.37beta- bisabolol
290.09delta- cadinene
130.53  camphor
270.36beta- caryophyllene
311.60  caryophyllene oxide
150.38  citronellal
250.08alpha- copaene
60.22para- cymene
190.26  decanal
260.13beta- elemene
300.14  elemol
2349.64  geranial
222.59  geraniol
242.81  geranyl acetate
10.08(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.19alpha- humulene
73.79  limonene
120.79  linalool
30.876- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.40  myrcene
2034.93  neral
90.13(E)-beta- ocimene
80.07(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.27alpha- phellandrene
20.06alpha- pinene
210.06  piperitone
161.23iso pulegol
170.15  terpinen-4-ol
100.04gamma- terpinene
180.06alpha- terpineol
140.17beta- terpineol
110.09  terpinolene
cymbopogon nardus rendle oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.90  borneol
180.54  bornyl acetate
70.225-tert-butyl-1,3-cyclopentadiene
324.13delta- cadinene
240.33gamma- cadinene
20.28  camphene
80.56  camphor
221.65beta- caryophyllene
91.02  citronellal
131.65  citronellol
190.87  citronellyl propionate
330.48alpha- copaene
120.33  decanol
41.182,7- dimethyl-(4Z)-octen-2,7-diol
211.28  elemene
290.56  eudesmol
340.49beta- eudesmol
272.38  fenchone
160.91  geranial
1529.47  geraniol
208.79  geranyl formate
263.44  hedycaryol
351.26beta- himachalene
230.43alpha- humulene
28traceiso limonene
63.26  linalool
301.21 methanoazulene
250.89alpha- muurolene
31.45  myrcene
140.29  neral
50.35(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.32alpha- pinene
310.47delta- selinene
110.62alpha- terpineol
362.12  tetracosane
170.254- undecanone

J. O. Moody, S. A. Adeleye, M. G. Gundidza, G. Wyllie and O. Ajayi-Obe, Analysis of the essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle growing in Zimbabwe. Pharmazie, 50, 74-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

cymbopogon pendulus praman oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.08beta- bisabolene
130.05  borneol
240.44alpha- cadinol
100.09  camphor
200.18beta- caryophyllene
230.09  caryophyllene oxide
110.10  citronellal
170.10  citronellyl acetate
40.05para- cymene
190.15beta- elemene
1680.21  geraniol
184.60  geranyl acetate
210.18alpha- humulene
50.06  limonene
91.42  linalool
10.486- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.13  myrcene
1535.25  neral
70.08(E)-beta- ocimene
60.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.05alpha- phellandrene
120.26iso pulegol
140.48  terpinen-4-ol
80.05  terpinolene
cymbopogon winterianus oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.37T-amorphol + bulnesol
180.06  borneol
320.12beta- bourbonene
410.66delta- cadinene
391.87gamma- cadinene
60.01delta-3- carene
340.08beta- caryophyllene
1635.27  citronellal
240.17  citronellic acid
229.92  citronellol
261.01  citronellyl acetate
310.13alpha- copaene
361.76beta- cubebene
80.01para- cymene
210.10  decanal
130.013,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
332.80beta- elemene
290.01delta- elemene
405.58  elemol
430.5910-epi-gamma- eudesmol
272.29  eugenol
460.19(E)-alpha-farnesol
420.20(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2323.13  geraniol
303.78  geranyl acetate
10.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
350.12alpha- humulene
102.62  limonene
150.77  linalool
110.09  melonal
40.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.52alpha- muurolene
380.56gamma- muurolene
440.82T- muurolol
50.07  myrcene
280.03  neryl acetate
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
90.05beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
20.01alpha- pinene
170.29iso(iso) pulegol
30.07  sabinene
190.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.01alpha- terpinene
200.06alpha- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
250.23alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

echinophora cinerea oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.10beta- caryophyllene
120.10  citronellal
150.80  citronellol
76.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
180.10alpha- humulene
113.40  linalool
51.20  myrcene
192.20  myristicin
661.40alpha- phellandrene
810.70beta- phellandrene
29.60alpha- pinene
40.50beta- pinene
31.20  sabinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
130.70alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
140.10  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 82, (2001)
eucalyptus citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.39beta- caryophyllene
5trace1,8- cineole
980.10  citronellal
164.18  citronellol
140.02  citronellyl acetate
6tracepara- cymene
80.08alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
17trace  geraniol
18trace  globulol
4trace  limonene
100.66  linalool
3trace  myrcene
10.14alpha- pinene
20.36beta- pinene
113.41iso pulegol
128.51iso(iso) pulegol
200.10  spathulenol
150.02alpha- terpineol
7trace  terpinolene
19trace  viridiflorol

D. J. Boland, J. J. Brophy and A. P. N. House, Eucalyptus leaf oils. Use, chemisty, distillation and marketing. Inkata Press, Melbourne (1991).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
97.40iso borneol
21.50  camphene
74.00alpha- campholenic aldehyde
519.301,8- cineole
87.60  citronellal
110.40  citronellol
63.10alpha- fenchyl alcohol
46.00  limonene
126.20alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
1012.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
lemongrass oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  camphene
100.40beta- caryophyllene
80.80  citronellal
140.60  citronellol
1222.70  geranial
152.20  geraniol
133.40  geranyl acetate
58.30  limonene
92.10  linalool
73.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
410.30  myrcene
1118.50  neral
6trace4- nonanone
25.40alpha- pinene
12.80alpha- thujene

C-K. Shu and B. M. Lawrence, Reasons for the variation in composition of some commercial oils. In: Spices, Flavor chemistry and antioxidant Properties. Edits., S. J. Risch and C-T. Ho, pp. 183-195, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium Series 660, A.C.S., Washington (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

lemongrass oil guatemala
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.20beta- caryophyllene
40.90  citronellal
100.40  citronellol
837.30  geranial
114.60  geraniol
91.70  geranyl acetate
112.30  limonene
51.80  linalool
33.006- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
730.50  neral
21.804- nonanone

C-K. Shu and B. M. Lawrence, Reasons for the variation in composition of some commercial oils. In: Spices, Flavor chemistry and antioxidant Properties. Edits., S. J. Risch and C-T. Ho, pp. 183-195, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium Series 660, A.C.S., Washington (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

litsea cubeba fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.42  camphene
180.17beta- caryophyllene
100.17  citronellal
170.24beta- cubebene
70.11para- cymene
1637.86  geranial
150.53  geraniol
822.66  limonene
91.22  linalool
50.526- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
60.55  myrcene
1425.50  neral
130.25  nerol
11.43alpha- pinene
41.22beta- pinene
31.67  sabinene
110.26  terpinen-4-ol
120.36alpha- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, R-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang, Aromatic plants and essential constituents (supplement 1), p. 36, South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

mandarin oil avana
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.01  camphene
300.06beta- caryophyllene
160.04  citronellal
260.11  decanal
320.04  farnesene
220.07  geranial
210.03  geraniol
310.03alpha- humulene
1073.58  limonene
150.19  linalool
290.48  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
61.73  myrcene
20trace  neral
190.04  nerol
250.01  nonanal
28trace  nonanol
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.08  octanal
270.02  octanol
70.06alpha- phellandrene
90.39beta- phellandrene
21.79alpha- pinene
51.36beta- pinene
40.22  sabinene
330.14alpha- sinensal
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
80.40alpha- terpinene
1316.68gamma- terpinene
180.38alpha- terpineol
140.78  terpinolene
10.66alpha- thujene
230.11  thymol
G. Ruberto, D. Bondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, a new Citrus hybrid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mandarin oil avana
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.64alpha- thujene
21.78alpha- pinene
30.02  camphene
40.17  sabinene
51.41beta- pinene
60.06  octanal
71.71  myrcene
80.07alpha- phellandrene
9tracedelta-3- carene
100.24alpha- terpinene
110.52beta- phellandrene
120.23para- cymene
1372.71  limonene
14trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.02(E)-beta- ocimene
1617.17gamma- terpinene
170.03  octanol
180.82  terpinolene
190.02  nonanal
200.16  linalool
210.02  citronellal
220.27  terpinen-4-ol
230.37alpha- terpineol
240.11  decanal
250.07  nerol
26trace  neral
270.03  geraniol
280.08  geranial
290.02  thymol
300.46  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
310.06beta- caryophyllene
320.02alpha- humulene
330.05(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
mandarin oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.89alpha- thujene
 2.36alpha- pinene
 0.02  camphene
 0.26  sabinene
 1.68beta- pinene
 1.70  myrcene
 0.21 octanol + alpha-phellandrene
 0.44alpha- terpinene
 0.33para- cymene
 69.51  limonene
 trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.02(E)-beta-ocimene
 19.85gamma- terpinene
 0.03(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 trace  octanol
 0.87  terpinolene
 0.04(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.11  linalool
 0.03  nonanal
 0.03  citronellal
 0.04  terpinen-4-ol
 0.14alpha- terpineol
 0.09  decanal
 0.02  nerol
 0.01  neral
 trace  geraniol
 0.05  geranial
 0.05  thymol
 0.01  undecanal
 trace  neryl acetate
 tracealpha- copaene
 trace  geranyl acetate
 tracealpha- cubebene
 0.45  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 0.10beta- caryophyllene
 0.01alpha- humulene
 tracebeta- cubebene
 0.15  farnesene
melissa officinalis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.12  camphene
134.95beta- caryophyllene
219.99  caryophyllene oxide
1213.32  citronellal
70.83para- cymene
1626.80  geranial
194.23  geraniol
171.76  geranyl acetate
50.74  limonene
100.25  linalool
93.796- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
40.15  myrcene
1419.75  neral
200.64  nerol
181.45  neryl acetate
80.12  octanal
10.05alpha- pinene
30.09beta- pinene
60.40gamma- terpinene
110.25 terpinene-1-ol
151.44alpha- terpineol

A. S. Shalaby, S. El-Gengaihi and M. Khattab, Oil of Melissa officinalis L. as affected by storage and herb drying. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 667-669 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

melissa officinalis var. citra oil slovak republic
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.06beta- bourbonene
294.20beta- caryophyllene
388.35  caryophyllene oxide
80.141,8- cineole
2211.31  citronellal
230.67alpha- copaene
200.26alpha- cubebene
20.082,5- diethyl tetrahydrofuran
3433.60  geranial
391.05  geranic acid
375.89  geranyl acetate
42trace  heptacosane
30.05 hexenal
310.13alpha- humulene
70.11  limonene
250.08  linalool
170.24  linalool oxide
300.12  menthol
180.60  menthone
210.42iso menthone
280.27  menthyl acetate
330.36  methyl geranate
130.316- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
360.14alpha- muurolene
350.26gamma- muurolene
60.12  myrcene
400.80  myristic acid
3222.18  neral
100.26  ocimene
12trace2,3- octane dione
160.123- octanol
90.123- octanone
4trace1,3,5- octatriene
190.251- octen-3-ol
110.184- octen-3-one
411.01  palmitic acid
10.15alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.07isopulegol 1
270.06isopulegol 2
140.12 rose oxide 1
150.07 rose oxide 2

M. Holla, E. Svajdlenka, J. Tekel, S. Vaverkova and E. Havranek, Composition of the essential oil from Melissa officinalis L. cultivated in Slovak Republic. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 481-484 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

petitgrain lemon oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.87  bisabolene
20.36  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
252.08beta- caryophyllene
152.36  citronellal
9tracepara- cymene
170.33  decanal
2238.97  geranial
232.10  geraniol
27trace  geranyl acetate
711.26  limonene
161.54  linalool
19trace linalyl acetate + citronellol
100.38  methyl heptenone
290.25  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
50.53  myrcene
2024.95  neral
265.34  nerol
140.40  nonanal
80.09beta- ocimene
130.03  octyl acetate
10.15alpha- pinene
34.52beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
180.04  terpinen-4-ol
110.79gamma- terpinene
211.09alpha- terpineol
120.01  terpinolene
247.30alpha- terpinyl acetate

A. DiGiacomo, I. Calvarano, M. Calvarano and G. Belmusto, Petitgrain di limone: composizione e technologie. Essenze Deriv. Agrum., 55, 251-267(1985).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petitgrain mandarin oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.03(E)- anethole
15trace  benzaldehyde
180.03(E)-beta- bergamotene
280.03  bicyclogermacrene
310.06gamma- cadinene
210.30beta- caryophyllene
160.25  citronellal
300.06  citronellol
23trace  citronellyl formate
140.02alpha- copaene
37tracepara- cymen-8-ol
90.32para- cymene
191.28beta- elemene
24trace  ethyl decanoate
440.08  ethyl heptadecanoate
360.06  ethyl laurate
470.60  ethyl linoleate
483.33  ethyl linolenate
410.06  ethyl myristate
120.04  ethyl octanoate
433.36  ethyl palmitate
330.06  ethyl phenyl acetate
460.16  ethyl stearate
290.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
250.02(E)-beta- farnesene
350.10  geraniol
110.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
26tracealpha- humulene
72.88  limonene
1724.80  linalool
32trace  methyl salicylate
42.00  myrcene
39trace  myrtenol
400.02  nerolidol
84.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.01alpha- phellandrene
380.032- phenethyl alcohol
490.74  phytol
10.98alpha- pinene
20.62beta- pinene
327.20  sabinene
132.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
450.48alpha- sinensal
421.60beta- sinensal
22trace  terpinen-1-ol
202.21  terpinen-4-ol
60.26alpha- terpinene
271.28alpha- terpineol
100.32  terpinolene

Z. Fleisher and A. Fleisher, Aromatic plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai, Part III. Mandarin leaf oil (Citrus recticulata Blanco). J. Essent, Oil Res., 2, 331-334 (1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petitgrain sweet oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
61.66delta-3- carene
470.20trans- carveol
490.21cis- carveol
500.10  caryophyllene oxide
221.52  citronellal
421.30  citronellol
300.70  citronellyl acetate
440.60  cuminaldehyde
480.50para- cymen-8-ol
80.09ortho- cymene
143.17para- cymene
170.082,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
390.312- dodecanone
260.03beta- elemene
310.17(E)-beta- farnesene
381.72  geranial
410.32  geranyl acetate
360.31  geranyl formate
109.76  limonene
2412.09  linalool
210.89(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
201.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.30  linalyl acetate
510.29para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
120.12ortho- mentha-1(7),5,8-triene
430.09para- methyl acetophenone
340.20  methyl geranate
160.476- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.40  myrcene
290.50  myrtenal
450.07  myrtenol
321.01  neral
460.66  nerol
370.08  neryl acetate
180.753- octanol
190.16  perillene
110.01beta- phellandrene
10.95alpha- pinene
41.76beta- pinene
520.46para-iso propyl anisole
280.51iso pulegol
522.32  sabinene
230.61  sabinene hydrate
273.33  terpinen-4-ol
130.11gamma- terpinene
90.08alpha-terpinene + heptanal + 2-methyl-2-butenal
331.09alpha- terpineol
150.02  terpinolene
350.12alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
30.08  toluene
400.392,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl-5-hydroxytetrahydropyran

A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Meklati, D. Fraisse and C. Scharff, Analysis of leaf oils from four varieties of sweet orange by combined gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Flav. Fragr. J., 3, 47-52 ( 1988).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petroselinum crispum leaf oil cuba
In 1997, Pino et al. analyLed a parsley leaf oil that was produced from plants grown in Cuba. Using CC/MS as the method of analysis the oil was determined to contain the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.02alpha- amorphene
3414.40 apiole
110.02  benzyl alcohol
210.02(E)-beta- bergamotene
321.42  carotol
190.24beta- caryophyllene
140.03  citronellal
160.09para- cymen-8-ol
50.03para- cymene
90.28alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
180.61beta- elemene
200.21gamma- elemene
281.70  elemicin
290.02iso elemicin
300.02  elemol
230.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.09  germacrene D
330.28  guaiol
220.03alpha- humulene
70.06  limonene
123.90para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
130.05para- mentha-1,4,8-triene
150.03para- menthatriene
30.84  myrcene
2663.90  myristicin
310.03  nerolidol
40.09alpha- phellandrene
61.60beta- phellandrene
271.04beta-sesqui phellandrene
10.03alpha- pinene
20.01beta- pinene
80.03gamma- terpinene
100.72  terpinolene
170.02  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Herb oil of parsley (Petroselinum crispum Mill.) from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 241-242 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon
hydrodistallation
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.02(E)-2- hexenal
 0.15(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.05  hexanol
 0.02alpha- thujene
 0.19alpha- pinene
 1.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
 0.161- octen-3-ol
 0.31 dehydro-1,8-cineole
 4.60  myrcene
 0.14alpha- phellandrene
 0.02alpha- terpinene
 0.18para- cymene
 1.701,8-cineole + limonene
 0.04(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.21(E)-beta-ocimene
 0.04gamma- terpinene
 0.06(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.07(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.03  terpinolene
 3.40  linalool
 0.11(E)-2-caren-2-ol
 0.16 cyclocitral
 0.14  menthadienol
 0.26gamma-homogeraniol
 0.04  citronellal
 1.10  verbenol
 0.12  menthadienol
 1.80  menthadienol
 0.15iso piperitenol
 0.06(E)-2-nonen-1-ol + (Z)-4-decen-1-al
 0.12  carveol
 31.70  neral
 7.50  geraniol
 41.30  geranial
 0.01  geranyl formate
 0.01  carvacrol
 0.08  citronellyl acetate
 0.10 neric acid
 0.75  eugenol
 0.09  neryl acetate
 0.07  geranic acid
 0.43  geranyl acetate
 0.02beta- caryophyllene
 0.01alpha- humulene
 0.05  germacrene D
 0.01  viridiflorene
 0.02gamma- muurolene
 0.01delta- cadinene
 0.03  caryophyllene oxide
 0.02alpha- cadinol
piper nigrum fruit oil black
#%LeftshiftComponents
261.00alpha- amorphene
321.20  bisabolene
420.20beta- bisabolol
330.50delta- cadinene
390.20 cadinol
30.20  camphene
62.00delta-3- carene
190.10  carvone oxide
245.30beta- caryophyllene
360.10  caryophyllene alcohol
37trace  caryophyllene oxide
160.10  citronellal
221.20alpha- copaene
210.10alpha- cubebene
23tracebeta- elemene
200.10delta- elemene
340.30  elemol
41tracealpha- eudesmol
40tracebeta- eudesmol
250.10  farnesene
280.10alpha- guaiene
38trace  guaiol
270.60alpha- humulene
924.00  limonene
140.30  linalool
130.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
150.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.10gamma- muurolene
353.00  nerolidol
100.50(E)-beta- ocimene
80.60beta- phellandrene
27.80alpha- pinene
515.70beta- pinene
417.90  sabinene
290.10beta- selinene
170.60  terpinen-4-ol
79.90alpha- terpinene
110.50gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
120.10  terpinolene
12.10alpha- thujene
31trace  valencene

N. Chacko, A. Jayalekshmy, M. Gopalakrishnan and C. S. Natarajan, Roasting studies on black pepper(Piper nigrum L.), Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 305-310 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

thymus serpyllum oil pakistan
#%LeftshiftComponents
243.13  borneol
30.20  camphene
163.54  camphor
60.96delta-3- carene
288.15  carvacrol
182.19beta- caryophyllene
100.161,8- cineole
150.17  citronellal
129.54para- cymene
20.14 fenchene
190.91alpha- fenchol
250.35  geranial
260.35  geraniol
90.85  limonene
170.50  linalool
210.10  neral
140.17  nonanal
130.11  octanal
70.88alpha- phellandrene
10.27alpha- pinene
40.51beta- pinene
200.21  pulegone
50.56  sabinene
232.90  terpinen-4-ol
80.67alpha- terpinene
111.66gamma- terpinene
2742.63  thymol
220.23  undecanal

A. Sattar, M. Shafiq Malik and S. A. Khan, Essential oils of the species of Labiatae. part IV. Composition of the essential oil of Thymus serpyllum. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 34(4), 119-120 (1991).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

zingiber officinale var. gigante root oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.50  aromadendrene
254.70beta- bisabolene
150.70  borneol
35.70  camphene
140.30  citronellal
171.00  citronellol
190.50alpha- copaene
237.90ar- curcumene
80.20para- cymene
210.90beta- elemene
267.40alpha- farnesene
189.60 geraniol + geranial
200.50  geranyl acetate
10.402- heptanol
101.60  limonene
120.70  linalool
50.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
61.30  myrcene
165.40  neral
130.302- nonanol
70.60alpha- phellandrene
277.00beta-sesqui phellandrene
98.40beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
22.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
110.50  terpinolene
2419.00  zingiberene

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

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