EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

raspberry ketone methyl ether
4-(p-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:4-(4-methoxyphenyl)butan-2-one
CAS Number: 104-20-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-184-2
FDA UNII:GVG47S4S5V
Nikkaji Web:J5.026A
Beilstein Number:1869592
MDL:MFCD00008791
CoE Number:163
XlogP3:2.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:178.23098000
Formula:C11 H14 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:818 4-(p-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
FLAVIS Number:07.029 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:07.029 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)butan-2-one
FEMA Number:2672 4-(p-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
FDA Mainterm: 4-(P-METHOXYPHENYL)-2-BUTANONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:1.04200 to 1.04800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.670 to 8.720
Refractive Index:1.51700 to 1.52100 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 8.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 152.00 to 153.00 °C. @ 15.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 276.00 to 278.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.004000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:6.1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point:> 230.00 °F. TCC ( > 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.852 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 water, very slightly
 water, 1007 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: berry
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:324 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet dry raspberry rose cherry fruity acacia
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. sweet dried raspberry rose cherry fruity cassie absolute
Luebke, William tgsc, (1987)
Odor sample from: Elan Inc.
sweet fruity woody powdery honey vanilla raspberry violet
Odor Description:at 5.00 %. Sweet, fruity, woody, powdery, honey, vanilla, raspberry and ionone-like
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 2, 43, (1998)
Flavor Type: berry
floral woody violet raspberry fruity spicy berry
Taste Description: at 40.00 ppm. Floral, woody, ionone, raspberry, fruity, spice and berry
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 2, 43, (1998)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Frutarom
4-(PARA-METHOXYPHENYL)-2-BUTANONE ≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor Description:Bramble, Floral, Liqourice, Sweet
Suggested Uses: Bakery, Blackcurrant, Dairy Products, Raspberry, Soft Fruits
Treatt
4-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
Odor Description:sweet/aniseed, floral/fruity, and cherry-raspberry on dilution
Taste Description:anise
Used in Vanilla, berry, licorice flavours; hard confection at up to 100ppm, soft confection at 30ppm, desserts at 25ppm, beverages and frozen dairy at 10ppm max.
Symrise
Frambinon® methyl ether
Odor Description:sweet, fruity, floral, anise, sweet raspberry, cherry note with rose nuances
Stable in: body lotion (good), shampoo (very good), soap (good), ap roll-on (good), powder (very good), cleaner citric (good), cleaner apc (good), bleach (good).
Taste Description:very sweet, raspberry, anisic, watery, slightly melon character
Useful in: vanilla, fruity red, fruity others, sweet others.
Moellhausen
RASPBERRY KETONE METHYLETHER
Odor Description:fruity, aromatic, reminiscent of raspberry and blackberry
Taste Description:fruity, raspberry note
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
A.C.S. International
Anisyl Acetone
Odor: Fruity, floral powdery
Operational Capabilities
Advanced Biotech
ANISYL ACETONE NATURAL
95% min.
Odor: Cherry, Fruity, Raspberry
Advanced Biotech
ANISYL ACETONE SYNTHETIC
98% min.
Odor: Berry
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
Anisyl acetone
Aroma Aromatics & Flavours
Anisyl Acetone
Flavor: Sweet, Fruity, Cherry, Raspberry
It finds use in perfume composition as a modifier for heliotropine, as a sweetener for cyclamen aldehyde and blender in many types of sweet florals, fougeres and oriental fragrances. In flavour composition it is used in raspberry and cherry, two flavours which are used as targets for fantasy fragrances for lipstic perfumes. As Sweetener it modifies anise and anethole in licorice flavour composition and used in smaller amount in many imitation fruit flavours for baked goods or hard candy where heat stability is essential. The normal concentration is about 10 to 30 ppm in finished products.
Augustus Oils
Methoxy Phenyl Butanone
Services
Aurochemicals
ANISYL ACETONE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ANISYL ACETONE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Anisyl acetone
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Natural Para Methoxy Phenyl Butanone
Berjé
Methoxy Phenyl Butanone
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
4-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
Charkit Chemical
METHOXYPHENYL)-2-BUTANONE, 4- (PARA FEMA 2672
Creatingperfume.com
Raspberry Ketone, Methyl Ether
Odor: Sweet, floral, fruit, peach, raspberry
Elan Inc.
METHOXY PHENYL BUTANONE
FCC, Kosher
Ernesto Ventós
RASPBERRY KETONE METHYLETHER
Odor: SWEET,FLORAL,FRUIT,PEACH,RASPBERRY
Excellentia International
Anisyl Acetone (Methoxy Phenyl Butanone) Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
4-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone (GC) ≥98%
Fleurchem
anisyl acetone natural
Frutarom
4-(PARA-METHOXYPHENYL)-2-BUTANONE
≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor: Bramble, Floral, Liqourice, Sweet
Use: Suggested Uses: Bakery, Blackcurrant, Dairy Products, Raspberry, Soft Fruits
Indukern F&F
FRAMBINONE METHYL ETHER
Odor: FRUITY, AROMATIC, RASPBERRY
Jiangyin Healthway
Respberry Ketone Methyl ether Natural 99%
New functional food ingredients
Kun Shan P&A
Natural Raspberry Ketone Methyl Ether
Kunshan Sainty
Anisyl Acetone, Natural
Lluch Essence
FRAMBINON METHYL ETHER NATURAL
Lluch Essence
FRAMBINON METHYL ETHER
M&U International
NAT.ANISYL ACETONE, Kosher
Moellhausen
RASPBERRY KETONE METHYLETHER
Odor: fruity, aromatic, reminiscent of raspberry and blackberry
Flavor: fruity, raspberry note
Natural Advantage
Anisyl Acetone Nat
Penta International
p-METHOXY PHENYL BUTANONE, Kosher
Penta International
p-METHOXY PHENYL BUTANONE, NATURAL, Kosher
Perfumery Laboratory
Raspberry ketone, methyl ester
Odor: Fresh, sweet, fruity aroma with notes of raspberry and apricot
Reincke & Fichtner
4-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone natural
Reincke & Fichtner
4-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
4-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
Sigma-Aldrich
4-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: cherry; floral; raspberry; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sunaux International
nat.Anisyl Acetone
Symrise
Frambinon® methyl ether
Odor: sweet, fruity, floral, anise, sweet raspberry, cherry note with rose nuances
Use: Stable in: body lotion (good), shampoo (very good), soap (good), ap roll-on (good), powder (very good), cleaner citric (good), cleaner apc (good), bleach (good).
Flavor: very sweet, raspberry, anisic, watery, slightly melon character
Useful in: vanilla, fruity red, fruity others, sweet others.
Synerzine
4-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
Taytonn
4-(Para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
Odor: Sweet, Licorice, Floral, Bramble
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
4-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone >97.0%(GC)
The Good Scents Company
raspberry ketone methyl ether
Odor: sweet dried raspberry rose cherry fruity cassie absolute
Treatt
4-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
Odor: sweet/aniseed, floral/fruity, and cherry-raspberry on dilution
Flavor: anise
Used in Vanilla, berry, licorice flavours; hard confection at up to 100ppm, soft confection at 30ppm, desserts at 25ppm, beverages and frozen dairy at 10ppm max.
Vigon International
Anisyl Acetone FCC (Para Methoxy Phenyl Butanone)
Odor: SWEET, FLORAL, FRUITY
Vigon International
Anisyl Acetone Purified FCC
WEN International
ANISYL ACETONE Natural
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H302 - Harmful if swallowed
Precautionary statement(s)
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P301 + P312 - IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
(Russell, 1973f)

oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 929, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 929, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for raspberry ketone methyl ether usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 4.50 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 840.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -26.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -12.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 10.0000012.00000
fruit ices: 10.0000012.00000
gelatins / puddings: -25.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -28.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 16 (FGE.16): Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 16, Revision 1 (FGE.16Rev1)[1]: Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21- Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 69, (FGE.69)[1] - Consideration of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aromatic ketones from chemical group 21 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.16 (2006) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 16, Revision 2 (FGE.16Rev2): Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of aromatic ketones, secondary alcohols and related esters belonging to chemical group 21 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):104-20-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :61007
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
4-(4-methoxyphenyl)butan-2-one
Chemidplus:0000104201
RTECS:EL9085500 for cas# 104-20-1
 
References:
 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)butan-2-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:104-20-1
Pubchem (cid):61007
Pubchem (sid):135018152
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB33597
FooDB:FDB011682
Export Tariff Code:2914.50.5000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
amber
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
anisic
para-
anisyl propanal
FR
balsamic
clover nitrile
FR
conifer acetate
FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
fir carboxylate
FR
citrus
grapefruit pentanol
FR
fatty
hexyl pivalate
FR
floral
anise indene
FR
anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
para-
cresyl propionaldehyde
CS
dimethyl alpha-ionone
FR
floral pyranol
FR
heliotrope absolute
FR
hyacinth ether
FR
leerall
FR
N-
methyl ionone
FR
muguet carboxaldehyde
FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
peony alcohol
FR
(E)-2,5,9-
trimethyl-4,9-decadien-1-al
FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
berry hexanoate
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrate
FR
green acetate
FR
peach pivalate
FR
prune glycidate
FR
hay
hay absolute
FR
herbal
herbal undecanone
FR
methyl cyclogeranate (Firmenich)
FR
nonisyl acetate
FR
melon
watermelon ketone
FR
mossy
veramoss (IFF)
FR
musk
cyclohexadecanone
FR
exaltone (Firmenich)
FR
musk amberol
FR
musk indane
FR
musk tetralin
FR
spicy
N,N-
diethyl octanamide
FR
tonka
tonka bean absolute
FR
woody
amber formate
FR
2-
decalinyl acetate
FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
patchouli absolute
FR
santall
FR
timber propanol
FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
woody acetate
FR
woody epoxide
FR
woody propanol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
peru balsam
FL
berry
berry
prunus spinosa extract
FL
raspberry enhancer
FL
raspberry flavor
FL
wild
raspberry flavor
FL
black
raspberry flavor
FL
sour
raspberry flavor
FL
red
raspberry flavor
FL
raspberry flavor for chocolate
FL
rubus idaeus fruit extract
FL
caramellic
caramel furanone
FL
chocolate
chocolate raspberry creme flavor
FL
coconut
6-
methyl coumarin
FL
cookie
raspberry
cookie flavor
FL
fruity
cranberry raspberry lime flavor
FL
peach plum raspberry flavor
FL
red
raspberry distillates
FL
raspberry flavor key
FL
black
raspberry juice concentrate
FL
red
raspberry juice concentrate
FL
raspberry mango flavor
FL
red
raspberry puree
FL
black
raspberry puree
FL
black
raspberry puree concentrate
FL
red
raspberry puree concentrate
FL
rubus idaeus fruit juice
FL
rubus idaeus fruit water
FL
watermelon distillates
FL
green
2,4-
octadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
meaty
ortho-
thioguaiacol
FL
melon
watermelon concentrate
FL
powdery
powdery ketone
FL
tea
green
tea raspberry flavor
FL
 
Potential Uses:
 angel
 apple crabapple
FRapple red
FRapricot
FRbanana
FRbergamot
FRberry
 beverage
FRblackberry
 blossom tropical blossom
FRblueberry
 blueberry whortleberry red whortleberry
FRbouquet
FRboysenberry
FRbutterscotch
FRcabreuva
FRcassia
FRcherry
FRcherry black
FRcherry blossom
 chocolate cacao
FRchristmas blends
FRchypre
FRcolonia
 confection
 cookie
FRcotton candy
FRcrabapple blossom
FRcranberry
FRcucumber
FRcurrant
FRdaffodil narcissus
FLdairy
FReglantine sweet briar
 fantasy blends
FRfern fougere
FRfetes
FRfig
FRfir balsam
FL/FRfir needle pine needle
FRforest
FRfrangipanni plumeria
FRfreesia
 fruit dried fruit
FRgardenia
FRgooseberry
FRgrape
FRheliotrope
FRherbal
FRhibiscus
FRhoneysuckle chevrefeuille
FRhyacinth jacinthe
FLjackfruit
 jam
FRjasmin
 kiwi blossom
FRlicorice
FRlilac lilas syringa
FRlily
FRlinden blossom limeflower tilleul
FRloganberry dewberry
FRlychee
FRmagnolia
FRmango
FRmango flower
FLmarshmallow
FRmeadow country
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe
FRmuguet lily of the valley
FRmulberry
FRmusk
FLnecterine
FRoakmoss mousse de chene moss
FRorange blossom
FRpansy
FRpapaya
FRpassion blossom
FRpassion fruit
FRpeach
FRpeach blossom
FRpeony
FRpineapple
FRplum
 plum blossom
FRpomegranate
FRraspberry
FRraspberry black
 redwood
FRrose
FRrose white
 rose wild rose
FRstephanotis
FRstock evening scented
FRstrawberry
FRsweet pea
FRtobacco
FRtoffee
FLtropical
FRtuberose
FL/FRvalerian
FRvanilla
FRviolet
FRwallflower
FRwisteria wistaria glycine
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 agarwood oil @ 2.40%
Data GC Search PMC Picture
 aloe wood
Search Trop Picture
 anise seed
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 anisyl acetone
nat.anisyl acetone
p-anisyl acetone
para-anisyl acetone
 anisyl acetone (natural)
 anisyl acetone FCC
 anisyl acetone natural
 anisyl acetone purified FCC
 anisyl acetone synthetic
 anisylacetone, p-
 bramble ketone
 butan-2-one, 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-
2-butanone, 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-
2-butanone, 4-(p-methoxyphenyl)-
 frambinon methyl ether (Symrise)
 frambinone methyl ether (Symrise)
 methoxy phenyl butanone
p-methoxy phenyl butanone
p-methoxy phenyl butanone natural
4-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-butan-2-one
4-methoxybenzyl acetone
p-methoxybenzyl acetone
para-methoxybenzyl acetone
4-methoxybenzylacetone
 methoxybenzylacetone, p-
 methoxyphenethyl methyl ketone
 methoxyphenethylmethyl ketone
p-methoxyphenyl butanone
para-methoxyphenyl butanone
4-(4-methoxyphenyl) butan-2-one
4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
4-(p-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
4-(para-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone
1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-butanone
1-(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-butanone
1-(para-methoxyphenyl)-3-butanone
4-(4-methoxyphenyl)butan-2-one
p-methoxyphenylbutanone
para-methoxyphenylbutanone
 methyl oxanone
 raspberry ketone methyl ether
 raspberry ketone methylether
 

Articles:

PubMed:5-Lipoxygenase Inhibition of the Fructus of Foeniculum vulgare and Its Constituents.
PubMed:Effects of zingerone [4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone] and eugenol [2-methoxy-4-(2-propenyl)phenol] on the pathological progress in the 6-hydroxydopamine-induced Parkinson's disease mouse model.
PubMed:Bioactivity-guided isolation of cytotoxic constituents from stem-bark of Premna tomentosa.
PubMed:Manganese peroxidase-catalyzed oxidative degradation of vanillylacetone.
PubMed:[GC-MS analysis of volatile constituents from five different kinds of Chinese eaglewood].
PubMed:Biotransformation of raspberry ketone and zingerone by cultured cells of Phytolacca americana.
PubMed:Zingerone [4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone] prevents 6-hydroxydopamine-induced dopamine depression in mouse striatum and increases superoxide scavenging activity in serum.
PubMed:Aroma extract dilution analysis of cv. Meeker (Rubus idaeus L.) red raspberries from Oregon and Washington.
PubMed:Optimization of a chemical attractant for Epicometis (Tropinota) hirta Poda.
PubMed:Biotransformation of terodiline I. Identification of metabolites in dog urine by mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Homologs of dopa, alpha-methyldopa, and dopamine as potential cardiovascular drugs.
PubMed:New Synthetic Lures for the Male Melon Fly.
 
Notes:
Flavour ingredient. Present in anise (Pimpinella anisum)
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