fusel oil
 
Notes:
Blends well with alcohol notes. crude mixture of isoamyl, amyl, butyl, & propyl alcohols obtained in spiritous fermentations. tsca definition 2008: a combination of amyl alcohols, primarily isoamyl alcohol and 2-methyl-1-butanol. other alcohols, acids, esters and aldehydes may also be present. Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
      Newsroom
      Product(s):
      FUSEL OIL WINE - TYPE A NATURAL
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      Wine Fusel Oil
       
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      FUSEL OILS
       
  • Firmenich
    • Firmenich Inc.
      We Create
      We create perfumes and flavors for the World's most desirable brands.
      Firmenich is the largest privately-owned company in the perfume and flavor business. Swiss and family owned, we have created many of the world’s favorite perfumes for over 100 years and produced a number of the most well known flavors we enjoy each day.
      US Email: Fred Keifer
      US Voice: +1 609 452 1000
      US Fax: +1 609 452 6077
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      Product(s):
      944085 Fusel Oil Concentrate
       
  • Frutarom
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      FUSEL OIL
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      260000 FUSEL EO
       
  • Penta International
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W249715 Fusel oil, natural, FG
      SDS
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      Fusel Fraction 3:50
      Fusel Fraction 5:50
      Fusel Fraction 6:50
      Fusel Fraction 7:50
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
    Flavor Demo Formulas
CAS Number: 8013-75-0 
ECHA EC Number: 232-395-2
FDA UNII: 2NK7O363Q6
CoE Number: 576
Formula: unspecified
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2497  fusel oil
FDA Mainterm: FUSEL OIL, REFINED
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 128.00 to  130.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 107.00 °F. TCC ( 41.67 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 ether
 water
 water, 4.158e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: alcoholic
Odor Strength: medium
 sweet  alcoholic  woody  fruity  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet alcoholic woody fruity
 sweet  alcoholic  woody  ethereal  brown  fruity  
Odor Description:
Sweet, alcoholic, woody, with an etherial brown fruity nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 3, 53, (1993)
 fruity  alcoholic  sweet  apple  brown  fermented  
Taste Description:
at 60.00 ppm.  
Fruity, alcoholic, sweet, apple with a brown fermented nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 3, 53, (1993)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
GRAIN FUSEL OIL NATURAL
Odor: Whiskey
Alfrebro
FUSEL OIL WINE - TYPE A NATURAL
Odor: Wine, Brandy, Fruity
Berjé
Wine Fusel Oil
Happening at Berje
Charkit Chemical
FUSEL OILS
De Monchy Aromatics
Wine Fusel Oil
Diffusions Aromatiques
FUSEL HE CONCENTREE
Firmenich
Fusel Oil Concentrate
Flavor: Brandy, fruity, wine lees
Frutarom
FUSEL FRACTION 3:50
natural, Kosher
Odor: Fusel, Roast
Use: Suggested Uses: Chocolate, Coffee, Savoury
Frutarom
FUSEL FRACTION 5:50
natural, Kosher
Odor: Chocolate, Fusel
Use: Suggested Uses: Chocolate, Coffee, Savoury
Frutarom
FUSEL FRACTION 6:50
natural, Kosher
Odor: Chocolate, Fusel
Use: Suggested Uses: Chocolate, Coffee, Savoury
Frutarom
FUSEL FRACTION 7:50
natural, Kosher
Odor: Fusel, Nutty
Use: Suggested Uses: Chocolate, Coffee, Savoury
Indenta Group
Fusel Oil
Inoue Perfumery
FUSEL OIL RECT
Lluch Essence
FUSEL OIL
Moellhausen
FUSEL EO
Odor: characteristic, cognac
Flavor: ethereal, fermented, fruity note
Payand Betrand
Ester 816 France, Natural Isolated Constituent
Penta International
FUSEL OIL NATURAL REDISTILLED, Kosher
Penta International
FUSEL OIL REFINED, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
FUSEL OIL, SYNTHETIC, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Wine Fusel Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Wine Fusel Oil
Sigma-Aldrich
Fusel oil, natural, FG
Odor: whiskey
Certified Food Grade Products
Taytonn
Fusel Fraction 3:50
Odor: Roast, Fusel
Taytonn
Fusel Fraction 5:50
Odor: Chocolate, Fusel
Taytonn
Fusel Fraction 6:50
Odor: Chocolate, Fusel
Taytonn
Fusel Fraction 7:50
Odor: Fusel, Nutty
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 20/22 - Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 33 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 51 - Use only in well-ventilated areas.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for fusel oil usage levels up to:
  0.8000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -34.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -21.00000
beverages(alcoholic): -2.50000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -270.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -4.10000
fruit ices: -4.10000
gelatins / puddings: -4.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -30.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8013-75-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1201
WGK Germany: 3
Chemidplus: 0008013750
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
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References:
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8013-75-0
Pubchem (sid): 135286391
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
FooDB: FDB009459
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
alcoholic
 propyl alcoholFL/FR
chemical
isobutyl formateFL/FR
creamy
 butyl lactateFL/FR
earthy
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
 methyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
isopropyl acetateFL/FR
fermented
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
 valeraldehydeFL/FR
floral
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 ho wood oilFR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetalFL/FR
 amyl formateFL/FR
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
 butyl acetoacetateFL/FR
2-ethyl butyl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl acetoacetateFL/FR
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-2-penten-1-olFL/FR
herbal
white cognac oilFL/FR
 hexanolFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetalFL/FR
 butyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 geranyl acetoacetateFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
alcoholic
 propyl alcoholFL/FR
buttery
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
chemical
 methyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
citrus
 linaloolFL/FR
coffee
 diisoamyl thiomalateFL
dairy
 butyl lactateFL/FR
ethereal
 acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl acetateFL/FR
fermented
 methyl thio isovalerateFL
floral
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 amyl formateFL/FR
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
2-ethyl butyl acetateFL/FR
fusel
white cognac oilFL/FR
green
2-ethyl butyraldehydeFL
 hexanolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-2-penten-1-olFL/FR
herbal
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
pungent
 acetaldehydeFL
rummy
isobutyl formateFL/FR
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
winey
 valeraldehydeFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 beverages 
 breadFL
 chocolateFL
 cider 
 coffeeFL
 grapeFL
 savoryFL
 whiskeyFL
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 beet root
Search Trop  Picture
 grape
Search  Picture
 potato
Search  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
isoamyl fusel oil
 ester 816 france, natural isolated constituent
 fusel EO
 fusel oil rect
 fusel oil refined natural
 fusel oil sugar beet
 fusel oil synthetic
 fusel oil whiskey concentrated
 fusel oil wine - type A
 grain fusel oil natural
 whiskey fusel oil natural
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Distillery fusel oil as an alternative carbon source for denitrification - from laboratory experiments to full-scale applications.
PubMed: Optimisation of flavour ester biosynthesis in an aqueous system of coconut cream and fusel oil catalysed by lipase.
PubMed: Modeling external carbon addition in biological nutrient removal processes with an extension of the international water association activated sludge model.
PubMed: Quorum sensing activity in Ophiostoma ulmi: effects of fusel oils and branched chain amino acids on yeast-mycelial dimorphism.
PubMed: Distillery wastes as external carbon sources for denitrification in municipal wastewater treatment plants.
PubMed: Reduction of water consumption in bioethanol production from triticale by recycling the stillage liquid phase.
PubMed: A distillery by-product as an external carbon source for enhancing denitrification in mainstream and sidestream treatment processes.
PubMed: Selective dehydration of bio-ethanol to ethylene catalyzed by lanthanum-phosphorous-modified HZSM-5: influence of the fusel.
PubMed: Lipase of Aspergillus niger NCIM 1207: A Potential Biocatalyst for Synthesis of Isoamyl Acetate.
PubMed: Fusel alcohols regulate translation initiation by inhibiting eIF2B to reduce ternary complex in a mechanism that may involve altering the integrity and dynamics of the eIF2B body.
PubMed: Optimization of process variables for minimization of byproduct formation during fermentation of blackstrap molasses to ethanol at industrial scale.
PubMed: Liquor made quicker: alcohol as a synthetic reagent for molecules in anesthesia.
PubMed: Regulation of aromatic alcohol production in Candida albicans.
PubMed: The Ehrlich pathway for fusel alcohol production: a century of research on Saccharomyces cerevisiae metabolism.
PubMed: Aerobic production of isoamyl acetate by overexpression of the yeast alcohol acetyl-transferases AFT1 and AFT2 in Escherichia coli and using low-cost fermentation ingredients.
PubMed: Production and composition of cider spirits distilled in "alquitara".
PubMed: Determination of low molecular weight alcohols including fusel oil in various samples by diethyl ether extraction and capillary gas chromatography.
PubMed: Identification of chemicals, possibly originating from misuse of refillable PET bottles, responsible for consumer complaints about off-odours in water and soft drinks.
PubMed: Biodiesel production from triolein and short chain alcohols through biocatalysis.
PubMed: Bat2p is essential in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for fusel alcohol production on the non-fermentable carbon source ethanol.
PubMed: Fusel oil as precursor for aroma generation by biotransformation using lipase: scientific note.
PubMed: Effects of fusel oil on animal hangover models.
PubMed: Growth of the salt-tolerant yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii in microtiter plates: effects of NaCl, pH and temperature on growth and fusel alcohol production from branched-chain amino acids.
PubMed: [Determination of methanol and fusel oils in alcohol beverages using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography].
PubMed: A novel eIF2B-dependent mechanism of translational control in yeast as a response to fusel alcohols.
PubMed: Environmentally friendly lubricating oil candidate.
PubMed: Pyruvate decarboxylase catalyzes decarboxylation of branched-chain 2-oxo acids but is not essential for fusel alcohol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: [Gas chromatographic analysis of alcohols, aldehydes and esters in potable spirits].
PubMed: Rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method for determination of ethanol and fusel oil in the alcoholic beverage industry.
PubMed: [Gas chromatographic analysis for methanol and fusel oil in potable spirits].
PubMed: Exogenous Valine Reduces Conversion of Leucine to 3-Methyl-1-Butanol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: Production of higher alcohols during indonesian tapé ketan fermentation.
PubMed: [Comparative analysis of the effects of alcoholic drinks of different qualities (author's transl)].
PubMed: Alcohol dehydrogenase activities of wine yeasts in relation to higher alcohol formation.
PubMed: [Gas chromatography of alcoholic beverages].
PubMed: Ethyl acetate and fusel oil determination in distilled spirits by gas-liquid chromatography and confirmation by mass spectrometry.
PubMed: [Studies on the possible mutagenic effect of fusel oil].
PubMed: [Toxicity and mutagenicity of single fusel oil components on E. coli].
PubMed: [Studies on the cancerogenic and hepatotoxic effects of fusel oil].
PubMed: Factors influencing the flavour of cider: the effect of fermentation treatments on fusel oil production.
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