peru balsam
myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
 
Notes:
Peru Balsam should not be used for products that come in contact with the skin. You may use the peru balsam oil but only in very small quantities. Peru Balsam is a pathological product which exudes from the trunk of the large Central American tree, Myroxylon Pereirae, when the bark is removed section wise from the tree. The exudation is collected in a very crude manner and is only coarsely purified locally by treatment with boiling water. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it consists primarily of resins, essential oils, and usually cinnamic and benzoic acids. (myroxylon balsamum pereirae, leguminosae). used in treatment of radiation skin injuries in ussr.
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
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      Product(s):
      balsam peru
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
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      Product(s):
      Peru Balsam
       
  • Hermitage Oils
    • Hermitage Oils
      Perfumery and Aromatherapy materials since 1979
      Hermitage Oils, the true home of essential oils!
      Hermitage Oils offers a selection of Absolutes, Essential Oils, Natural Isolates, Aroma Chemicals, CO2 Extracts, Ethanol Tinctures, and Extraits by Enfleurage.
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      Product(s):
      Peru Balsam
      Mark Evans has this to say “This is the actual balsam (known as the crude balsam) extracted directly from the Myroxylon tree (literally “fragrant wood” in Greek). A balsam is just a resin that has a high essential oil content so that it becomes a thick, mobile liquid rather than solid and crystalline. This balsam has a tar-like consistency that becomes pourable with heat. Also available are peru balsam essential oil and peru balsam absolute (also known as resinoid).
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
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      Product(s):
      PERU BALSAM
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
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      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      02-02300 BALSAM PERU PURIFIED, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
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      Product(s):
      W211613 Peru balsam
      SDS
       
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      Balsam Peru
      SDS
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
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      Product(s):
      Peru Balsam
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
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      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
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      News
      Product(s):
      Balsam Peru NI Kosher
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
    Flavor Demo Formulas
Name: myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
CAS Number: 8007-00-9 
ECHA EC Number: 232-352-8
FDA UNII: DIK0395679
MDL: MFCD00147893
Category: flavoring agents and adjuvants
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2116  peru balsam
FDA Mainterm: BALSAM, PERU (MYROXYLON PEREIRAE KLOTZSCH)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: dark brown semi-solid to solid mass (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Flash Point: > 212.00 °F. TCC ( > 100.00 °C. )
Soluble in:
 water, 0.0007301 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: balsamic
Odor Strength: medium
 sweet  balsamic  vanilla  woody  powdery  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet balsam vanilla woody powdery
Luebke, William tgsc, (1981)
Substantivity: 400 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: film formers
hair conditioning
masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aurochemicals
BALSAM PERU, Natural
Berjé
balsam peru
Happening at Berje
Bristol Botanicals
Peru balsam Myroxylon balsamum
Chemia
BALSAM OF PERU, NEAT
De Monchy Aromatics
Peru Balsam
ECSA Chemicals
Peru Balsam
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
PERU BALSAM MD
Odor: SWEET, DELICATE, VANILLA-LIKE
Ernesto Ventós
PERU BALSAM
Odor: SWEET, DELICATE, VANILLA-LIKE
Flavor: BALSAMIC, BITTER, WOODY
Ernesto Ventós
PERU CLEAR FIRMENICH 123592
Odor: RICH, BALSAM, VANILLA-LIKE
George Uhe Company
Balsam Peru
Hermitage Oils
Peru Balsam
Odor: characteristic
Use: Mark Evans has this to say “This is the actual balsam (known as the crude balsam) extracted directly from the Myroxylon tree (literally “fragrant wood” in Greek). A balsam is just a resin that has a high essential oil content so that it becomes a thick, mobile liquid rather than solid and crystalline. This balsam has a tar-like consistency that becomes pourable with heat. Also available are peru balsam essential oil and peru balsam absolute (also known as resinoid).
The Vault
Indenta Group
Peru Balsam
Indukern F&F
PERU BALSAM
Odor: SWEET, BALSAMIC, VANILLA
CROP CALENDAR
Liberty Natural Products
PERU BALSAM RESIN
Lluch Essence
PERU BALSAM
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Peru Balsam
Parchem
Peru Balsam
Penta International
BALSAM PERU PURIFIED, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Peru Balsam
Sigma-Aldrich
Peru balsam
Odor: cinnamon; fruity; sweet; vanilla; herbaceous; woody
Certified Food Grade Products
The John D. Walsh Company
Balsam Peru
The Lermond Company
Peru Balsam
Treatt
Balsam Peru NI
Kosher
Ungerer & Company
Peru Balsam Genuine
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 28 - After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 951, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 10000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 951, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents and adjuvants
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Extracts and distillates of Peru balsam (the exudation from Myroxylon pereirae (Royle) Klotzsch) should not be used such that the total level exceeds 0.4% in cosmetic products. Based on a wide variety of test results on the sensitising potential of Peru balsam and its derivatives.
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for peru balsam usage levels up to:
 PROHIBITED: Should not be used as a fragrance ingredient.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -32.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -3.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -120.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -5.90000
fruit ices: -5.90000
gelatins / puddings: 0.050001.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -10.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8007-00-9
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WGK Germany: 2
 myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
Chemidplus: 0008007009
RTECS: SE3599000 for cas# 8007-00-9
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8007-00-9
Pubchem (sid): 135329670
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 1301.90.0000
Haz-Map: View
Wikipedia: View
Wikipedia2: View2
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
amber
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
animal
 civet absoluteFL/FR
balsamic
 amyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
 myrrh oilFL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
floral
 amyl benzoateFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
green
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
spicy
 benzyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 eugenyl acetateFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
terpenic
 frankincense oilFL/FR
tonka
 coumarinFR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
woody
isolongifolene ketoneFR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 vetiverolFL/FR
 vetiveryl acetateFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 amyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 eugenyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
 vetiverolFL/FR
 vetiveryl acetateFL/FR
animal
 civet absoluteFL/FR
aromatic
 benzyl isoeugenolFL/FR
balsamic
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 myrrh oilFL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
citrus
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
creamy
 dihydrocoumarinFL
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 heliotropinFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
spicy
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
waxy
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
woody
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 amberFR
 balsam 
 butterscotchFL
 castoreum 
 champaca champak 
 cinnamonFL
 fixer 
 heliotrope 
 incense 
 lilac lilas syringa 
 lotus 
 magnolia 
 muguet lily of the valley 
 oriental 
 powder 
 roseFL
 spiceFL
 woody 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 peru balsam
Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 balsam peru
 balsam peru (myroxylon pereirae klotzsch)
 myrosperum pereira balsam
 myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
 peru balsam
 peru balsam (myroxylon pereirae klotzsch)
 peru balsam alva essence
 peru balsam genuine
 toluifera pereira balsam
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: The first Australian Baseline Series: Recommendations for patch testing in suspected contact dermatitis.
PubMed: Baseline series fragrance markers fail to predict contact allergy.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis in children: review of the past decade.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis resulting from multiple colophonium-related allergen sources.
PubMed: [Changes in the European baseline series from 1981 to 2011 in a French dermatology-allergology centre].
PubMed: Results of patch testing with fragrance mix 1, fragrance mix 2, and their ingredients, and Myroxylon pereirae and colophonium, over a 21-year period.
PubMed: North American Contact Dermatitis Group patch test results: 2009 to 2010.
PubMed: North American Contact Dermatitis Group patch test results for 2007-2008.
PubMed: Tomato contact dermatitis.
PubMed: The role of contact allergens in chronic idiopathic urticaria.
PubMed: Patch tests with fragrance mix II and its components.
PubMed: Recommendations for a screening series for allergic contact eyelid dermatitis.
PubMed: Systemic contact dermatitis--kids and ketchup.
PubMed: Contact sensitization to the allergens of European baseline series in patients with chronic leg ulcers.
PubMed: Frequency of contact allergens in pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis.
PubMed: Contact allergy to the 26 specific fragrance ingredients to be declared on cosmetic products in accordance with the EU cosmetics directive.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis to Myroxylon pereirae (Balsam of Peru) in papaw ointment causing cheilitis.
PubMed: Contact allergy caused by fragrance mix and Myroxylon pereirae (balsam of Peru)--a retrospective study.
PubMed: Positive patch test reactions in older individuals: retrospective analysis from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, 1994-2008.
PubMed: Multicentre patch testing with a resol resin based on phenol and formaldehyde.
PubMed: Fragrance mix II in the baseline series contributes significantly to detection of fragrance allergy.
PubMed: Exacerbation of allergic contact dermatitis during immunosuppression with cyclosporine A.
PubMed: Contact allergy to fragrances: current patch test results (2005-2008) from the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology.
PubMed: Changing delayed-type sensitizations to the baseline series allergens over a decade at the Zurich University Hospital.
PubMed: Fragrance contact allergy: a 4-year retrospective study.
PubMed: The European baseline series in Lithuania: results of patch testing in consecutive adult patients.
PubMed: Fragrance contact allergy in Iran.
PubMed: The importance of propolis in patch testing--a multicentre survey.
PubMed: The epidemiology of contact allergy. Allergen exposure and recent trends.
PubMed: The European baseline series in 10 European Countries, 2005/2006--results of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA).
PubMed: Cutaneous allergy testing in patients suspected of an allergic reaction to eye medication.
PubMed: The prevalence and morbidity of sensitization to fragrance mix I in the general population.
PubMed: Contact allergy in chronic leg ulcers: results of a multicentre study carried out in 423 patients and proposal for an updated series of patch tests.
PubMed: Contact hypersensitivity and allergic contact dermatitis among school children and teenagers with eczema.
PubMed: Do 'cinnamon-sensitive' patients react to cinnamate UV filters?
PubMed: Contact sensitization to fragrances in the general population: a Koch's approach may reveal the burden of disease.
PubMed: Trends of contact allergy to fragrance mix I and Myroxylon pereirae among Danish eczema patients tested between 1985 and 2007.
PubMed: Associations between baseline allergens and polysensitization.
PubMed: Frequency of and trends in fragrance allergy over a 15-year period.
PubMed: The European Surveillance System of Contact Allergies (ESSCA): results of patch testing the standard series, 2004.
PubMed: A review of 241 subjects who were patch tested twice: could fragrance mix I cause active sensitization?
PubMed: Unexpected sensitization routes and general frequency of contact allergies in an elderly stented Swedish population.
PubMed: Frequency of allergic contact dermatitis to isoeugenol is increasing: a review of 3636 patients tested from 2001 to 2005.
PubMed: Contact allergy to topical medicaments becomes more common with advancing age: an age-stratified study.
PubMed: Time trends in Swedish patch test data from 1992 to 2000. A multi-centre study based on age- and sex-adjusted results of the Swedish standard series.
PubMed: Patch test results with patients' own perfumes, deodorants and shaving lotions: results of the IVDK 1998-2002.
PubMed: Not only oxidized R-(+)- but also S-(-)-limonene is a common cause of contact allergy in dermatitis patients in Europe.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis in children: should pattern of dermatitis determine referral? A retrospective study of 500 children tested between 1995 and 2004 in one U.K. centre.
PubMed: [Systemic contact eczema against Balsam of Peru].
PubMed: Colophonium and Compositae mix as markers of fragrance allergy: cross-reactivity between fragrance terpenes, colophonium and compositae plant extracts.
PubMed: Patch testing with patients' own cosmetics and toiletries--results of the IVDK*, 1998-2002.
PubMed: Common contact sensitizers in the Czech Republic. Patch test results in 12,058 patients with suspected contact dermatitis*.
PubMed: The European standard series in 9 European countries, 2002/2003 -- first results of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies.
PubMed: Patch test results from the Mayo Clinic Contact Dermatitis Group, 1998-2000.
PubMed: Sensitivity to Myroxylon pereirae resin (balsam of Peru). A study of 50 cases.
PubMed: Rosacea and contact allergy to cosmetics and topical medicaments--retrospective analysis of multicentre surveillance data 1995-2002.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis from salicyl alcohol and salicylaldehyde in aspen bark (Populus tremula).
PubMed: Contact sensitivity in patients with leg ulcerations: a North American study.
PubMed: Sesquiterpene lactone mix patch testing supplemented with dandelion extract in patients with allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis and non-allergic chronic inflammatory skin diseases.
PubMed: Immediate contact reactions to fragrance mix constituents and Myroxylon pereirae resin.
PubMed: Allergic and non-allergic periorbital dermatitis: patch test results of the Information Network of the Departments of Dermatology during a 5-year period.
PubMed: Reproducibility of patch test results: a concurrent right-versus-left study using TRUE Test.
PubMed: Contact allergy to farnesol in 2021 consecutively patch tested patients. Results of the IVDK.
PubMed: Contact allergy to fragrances: frequencies of sensitization from 1996 to 2002. Results of the IVDK*.
PubMed: Patch testing with fine fragrances: comparison with fragrance mix, balsam of Peru and a fragrance series.
PubMed: Allergic contact cheilitis in the United Kingdom: a retrospective study.
PubMed: The association between ambient air conditions (temperature and absolute humidity), irritant sodium lauryl sulfate patch test reactions and patch test reactivity to standard allergens.
PubMed: Patch testing with the irritant sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) is useful in interpreting weak reactions to contact allergens as allergic or irritant.
PubMed: Patch test results in 542 patients with suspected contact dermatitis in Turkey.
PubMed: The seamy side of natural medicines: contact sensitization to arnica (Arnica montana L.) and marigold (Calendula officinalis L.).
PubMed: The significance of fragrance mix, balsam of Peru, colophony and propolis as screening tools in the detection of fragrance allergy.
PubMed: [Hypersensitivity to balsam of Peru (Myroxylon pereirae)].
PubMed: Assessment of balsam of Peru patch tests.
PubMed: Effect of dark test-substance pigmentation on skin perfusion assessments and effect of test technique on balsam of Peru patch-test results.
PubMed: Frequency of immediate reactions to the European standard series.
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