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peru balsam
myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin


Flavor Demo Formulas
Name: myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
CAS Number: 8007-00-9
ECHA EC Number: 232-352-8
FDA UNII: DIK0395679
MDL: MFCD00147893
Category: flavoring agents and adjuvants
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
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PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2116 peru balsam
Physical Properties:
Appearance: dark brown semi-solid to solid mass (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Flash Point: > 212.00 °F. TCC ( > 100.00 °C. )
Soluble in:
 water, 0.0007301 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: balsamic
Odor Strength: medium
Substantivity: 400 hour(s) at 50.00 % in diethyl phthalate
 sweet balsamic vanilla woody powdery
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %.
sweet balsam vanilla woody powdery
Luebke, William tgsc, (1981)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: film formers
hair conditioning
masking agents
balsam peru
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Peru balsam PURIFIED
Bristol Botanicals
Peru balsam Myroxylon balsamum
De Monchy Aromatics
Peru Balsam
ECSA Chemicals
Peru Balsam
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
Ernesto Ventós
Ernesto Ventós
George Uhe Company
Balsam Peru
Hermitage Oils
Peru Balsam
Odor: characteristic
Use: Mark Evans has this to say “This is the actual balsam (known as the crude balsam) extracted directly from the Myroxylon tree (literally “fragrant wood” in Greek). A balsam is just a resin that has a high essential oil content so that it becomes a thick, mobile liquid rather than solid and crystalline. This balsam has a tar-like consistency that becomes pourable with heat. Also available are peru balsam essential oil and peru balsam absolute (also known as resinoid).
The Vault
Indenta Group
Peru Balsam
Indukern F&F
Liberty Natural Products
Lluch Essence
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Peru Balsam
Peru Balsam
Penta International
Reincke & Fichtner
Peru Balsam
Peru balsam
Odor: cinnamon; fruity; sweet; vanilla; herbaceous; woody
Certified Food Grade Products
The John D. Walsh Company
Balsam Peru
The Lermond Company
Peru Balsam
Balsam Peru NI
Ungerer & Company
Peru Balsam Genuine
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 28 - After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 951, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 10000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 951, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents and adjuvants
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Extracts and distillates of Peru balsam (the exudation from Myroxylon pereirae (Royle) Klotzsch) should not be used such that the total level exceeds 0.4% in cosmetic products. Based on a wide variety of test results on the sensitising potential of Peru balsam and its derivatives.
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for peru balsam usage levels up to:
 PROHIBITED: Should not be used as a fragrance ingredient.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -32.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -3.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -120.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -5.90000
fruit ices: -5.90000
gelatins / puddings: 0.050001.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -10.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8007-00-9
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WGK Germany: 2
 myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
Chemidplus: 0008007009
RTECS: SE3599000 for cas# 8007-00-9
 myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8007-00-9
Pubchem (sid): 135329670
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 1301.90.0000
Haz-Map: View
Wikipedia: View
Wikipedia2: View2
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
longifolene ketone
For Flavor
Potential Uses:
 champaca champak 
 lilac lilas syringa 
 muguet lily of the valley 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 peru balsam
Search Trop Picture
 balsam peru
 balsam peru (myroxylon pereirae klotzsch)
 myrosperum pereira balsam
 myroxylon pereirae klotzsch resin
 peru balsam
 peru balsam (myroxylon pereirae klotzsch)
 peru balsam alva essence
 peru balsam genuine
 toluifera pereira balsam


PubMed: The first Australian Baseline Series: Recommendations for patch testing in suspected contact dermatitis.
PubMed: Baseline series fragrance markers fail to predict contact allergy.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis in children: review of the past decade.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis resulting from multiple colophonium-related allergen sources.
PubMed: [Changes in the European baseline series from 1981 to 2011 in a French dermatology-allergology centre].
PubMed: Results of patch testing with fragrance mix 1, fragrance mix 2, and their ingredients, and Myroxylon pereirae and colophonium, over a 21-year period.
PubMed: North American Contact Dermatitis Group patch test results: 2009 to 2010.
PubMed: North American Contact Dermatitis Group patch test results for 2007-2008.
PubMed: Tomato contact dermatitis.
PubMed: The role of contact allergens in chronic idiopathic urticaria.
PubMed: Patch tests with fragrance mix II and its components.
PubMed: Recommendations for a screening series for allergic contact eyelid dermatitis.
PubMed: Systemic contact dermatitis--kids and ketchup.
PubMed: Contact sensitization to the allergens of European baseline series in patients with chronic leg ulcers.
PubMed: Frequency of contact allergens in pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis.
PubMed: Contact allergy to the 26 specific fragrance ingredients to be declared on cosmetic products in accordance with the EU cosmetics directive.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis to Myroxylon pereirae (Balsam of Peru) in papaw ointment causing cheilitis.
PubMed: Contact allergy caused by fragrance mix and Myroxylon pereirae (balsam of Peru)--a retrospective study.
PubMed: Positive patch test reactions in older individuals: retrospective analysis from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, 1994-2008.
PubMed: Multicentre patch testing with a resol resin based on phenol and formaldehyde.
PubMed: Fragrance mix II in the baseline series contributes significantly to detection of fragrance allergy.
PubMed: Exacerbation of allergic contact dermatitis during immunosuppression with cyclosporine A.
PubMed: Contact allergy to fragrances: current patch test results (2005-2008) from the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology.
PubMed: Changing delayed-type sensitizations to the baseline series allergens over a decade at the Zurich University Hospital.
PubMed: Fragrance contact allergy: a 4-year retrospective study.
PubMed: The European baseline series in Lithuania: results of patch testing in consecutive adult patients.
PubMed: Fragrance contact allergy in Iran.
PubMed: The importance of propolis in patch testing--a multicentre survey.
PubMed: The epidemiology of contact allergy. Allergen exposure and recent trends.
PubMed: The European baseline series in 10 European Countries, 2005/2006--results of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA).
PubMed: Cutaneous allergy testing in patients suspected of an allergic reaction to eye medication.
PubMed: The prevalence and morbidity of sensitization to fragrance mix I in the general population.
PubMed: Contact allergy in chronic leg ulcers: results of a multicentre study carried out in 423 patients and proposal for an updated series of patch tests.
PubMed: Contact hypersensitivity and allergic contact dermatitis among school children and teenagers with eczema.
PubMed: Do 'cinnamon-sensitive' patients react to cinnamate UV filters?
PubMed: Contact sensitization to fragrances in the general population: a Koch's approach may reveal the burden of disease.
PubMed: Trends of contact allergy to fragrance mix I and Myroxylon pereirae among Danish eczema patients tested between 1985 and 2007.
PubMed: Associations between baseline allergens and polysensitization.
PubMed: Frequency of and trends in fragrance allergy over a 15-year period.
PubMed: The European Surveillance System of Contact Allergies (ESSCA): results of patch testing the standard series, 2004.
PubMed: A review of 241 subjects who were patch tested twice: could fragrance mix I cause active sensitization?
PubMed: Unexpected sensitization routes and general frequency of contact allergies in an elderly stented Swedish population.
PubMed: Frequency of allergic contact dermatitis to isoeugenol is increasing: a review of 3636 patients tested from 2001 to 2005.
PubMed: Contact allergy to topical medicaments becomes more common with advancing age: an age-stratified study.
PubMed: Time trends in Swedish patch test data from 1992 to 2000. A multi-centre study based on age- and sex-adjusted results of the Swedish standard series.
PubMed: Patch test results with patients' own perfumes, deodorants and shaving lotions: results of the IVDK 1998-2002.
PubMed: Not only oxidized R-(+)- but also S-(-)-limonene is a common cause of contact allergy in dermatitis patients in Europe.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis in children: should pattern of dermatitis determine referral? A retrospective study of 500 children tested between 1995 and 2004 in one U.K. centre.
PubMed: [Systemic contact eczema against Balsam of Peru].
PubMed: Colophonium and Compositae mix as markers of fragrance allergy: cross-reactivity between fragrance terpenes, colophonium and compositae plant extracts.
PubMed: Patch testing with patients' own cosmetics and toiletries--results of the IVDK*, 1998-2002.
PubMed: Common contact sensitizers in the Czech Republic. Patch test results in 12,058 patients with suspected contact dermatitis*.
PubMed: The European standard series in 9 European countries, 2002/2003 -- first results of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies.
PubMed: Patch test results from the Mayo Clinic Contact Dermatitis Group, 1998-2000.
PubMed: Sensitivity to Myroxylon pereirae resin (balsam of Peru). A study of 50 cases.
PubMed: Rosacea and contact allergy to cosmetics and topical medicaments--retrospective analysis of multicentre surveillance data 1995-2002.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis from salicyl alcohol and salicylaldehyde in aspen bark (Populus tremula).
PubMed: Contact sensitivity in patients with leg ulcerations: a North American study.
PubMed: Sesquiterpene lactone mix patch testing supplemented with dandelion extract in patients with allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis and non-allergic chronic inflammatory skin diseases.
PubMed: Immediate contact reactions to fragrance mix constituents and Myroxylon pereirae resin.
PubMed: Allergic and non-allergic periorbital dermatitis: patch test results of the Information Network of the Departments of Dermatology during a 5-year period.
PubMed: Reproducibility of patch test results: a concurrent right-versus-left study using TRUE Test.
PubMed: Contact allergy to farnesol in 2021 consecutively patch tested patients. Results of the IVDK.
PubMed: Contact allergy to fragrances: frequencies of sensitization from 1996 to 2002. Results of the IVDK*.
PubMed: Patch testing with fine fragrances: comparison with fragrance mix, balsam of Peru and a fragrance series.
PubMed: Allergic contact cheilitis in the United Kingdom: a retrospective study.
PubMed: The association between ambient air conditions (temperature and absolute humidity), irritant sodium lauryl sulfate patch test reactions and patch test reactivity to standard allergens.
PubMed: Patch testing with the irritant sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) is useful in interpreting weak reactions to contact allergens as allergic or irritant.
PubMed: Patch test results in 542 patients with suspected contact dermatitis in Turkey.
PubMed: The seamy side of natural medicines: contact sensitization to arnica (Arnica montana L.) and marigold (Calendula officinalis L.).
PubMed: The significance of fragrance mix, balsam of Peru, colophony and propolis as screening tools in the detection of fragrance allergy.
PubMed: [Hypersensitivity to balsam of Peru (Myroxylon pereirae)].
PubMed: Assessment of balsam of Peru patch tests.
PubMed: Effect of dark test-substance pigmentation on skin perfusion assessments and effect of test technique on balsam of Peru patch-test results.
PubMed: Frequency of immediate reactions to the European standard series.
Peru Balsam should not be used for products that come in contact with the skin. You may use the peru balsam oil but only in very small quantities. Peru Balsam is a pathological product which exudes from the trunk of the large Central American tree, Myroxylon Pereirae, when the bark is removed section wise from the tree. The exudation is collected in a very crude manner and is only coarsely purified locally by treatment with boiling water. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it consists primarily of resins, essential oils, and usually cinnamic and benzoic acids. (myroxylon balsamum pereirae, leguminosae). used in treatment of radiation skin injuries in ussr.
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