gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
nonano-1,4-lactone
 
Notes:
waxy floral fruity accord: 0.05 - leerall 0.01 - aldehyde C-14 0.05 - aldehyde C18 10% 0.01 - musk gx 0.01 - raspberry ketone 10% 0.01 - aldehyde C-16 10%
  • A.C.S. International
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Apiscent Labs
    • Apiscent Labs, LLC
      Delivery of Quality
      Custom manufacturer and international supplier of fine ingredients.
      We believe inspired chemistry enriches lives. That's why our team is guided by a mission to provide fine ingredients to the worldwide pharmaceutical, flavor and fragrance markets with a primary focus on the manufacturing of value-added, research-based molecules. We're innovative problem solvers committed to excellence at every phase. Our work builds the foundation for our clients' continued success.
      Email: Info
      Email: Carl Sheeley
      Email: Customer Service
      Voice: +1 (414) 744 3993
      Fax: +1 (414) 744 7111
      News
      Product(s):
      GAMMA NONALACTONE (Coconut aldehyde)
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C18
       
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Constantly Improving
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Paul Bedoukian founded the company to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma and flavor ingredients. In 1975 the company began manufacturing insect pheromones which are chemically similar to flavor and fragrance ingredients. Today, Bedoukian Research offers more than 450 Aroma Chemicals and 50 Insect Pheromones, while also providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: 1-203-830-4000
      US Fax: 1-203-830-4010
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      452 gamma-NONALACTONE (ALDEHYDE C-18) ≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
      SDS
      Used in tropical fruit complexes.
      Used in coconut, peach, apricot, vanilla, maple, honey and chocolate flavors.
       
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      News
      Product(s):
      10330 gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Market Report
      Specialties
      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C-18
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
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      Company Profile
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      Product(s):
      gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Elan Inc.
    • Elan Inc.
      Legacy of Innovation
      Highest quality natural and synthetic products.
      Elan Inc. is a privately held business that has been in operation for over 30 years. Our offices and production facility are located in Newark, NJ. We are dedicated to producing the highest quality natural and synthetic products available in the flavor and fragrance industry.
      US Email: Mr. David Pimentel
      US Email: Ms. Isabel Couto
      Email: Elan (Shanghai) Fine Chemical
      Email: Elan do Brazil
      US Voice: (973) 344-8014
      US Fax: (973) 344 -5880
      Voice: +86 021 57448053 (Elan Shanghai)
      Fax: +86 021 57448054 (Elan Shanghai)
      Elan do Brazil:55 13 3261 6084
      Elan do Brazil Fax:55 13 3261 3726
      Custom Solutions
      Product(s):
      ALDEHYDE C-18 FCC, Kosher
      SDS
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      gamma-Nonalactone Natural
      gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      aldehyde C-18
       
  • H. Interdonati, Inc.
  • Hermitage Oils
    • Hermitage Oils
      Perfumery and Aromatherapy materials since 1979
      Hermitage Oils, the true home of essential oils!
      Hermitage Oils offers a selection of Absolutes, Essential Oils, Natural Isolates, Aroma Chemicals, CO2 Extracts, Ethanol Tinctures, and Extraits by Enfleurage.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Facebook
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      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C18 (Coconut Aldehyde)
      Aldehyde C18 (Coconut Aldehyde) is often also called gamma-Nonalactone it is widely used to create a coconut note or add creaminess and is not in fact an aldehyde at all but a lactone. The odour is described as sweet, creamy, coconut, fatty with oily buttery nuances.
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      gamma-Nonalactone Natural99%
       
  • Lansdowne Chemicals
    • Lansdowne Chemicals
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      Lansdowne Chemicals has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      Headquarters are in Carterton, Oxfordshire encompassing all of Lansdowne's Business Units. Our Regulatory Team and Quality Control Departments are based out of Carterton. Lansdowne Aromatic's state of the art warehouse facilities are located in Cricklade, covering 12,000 square ft. We are able to offer just-in-time deliveries for our full range of products, in a variety of pack sizes. Bonded facilities are available for goods going outside of the EU.
      Email: Contact Us:
      US Email: Dean Matienzo - Sales Manager
      Voice: +44 1993 843081
      Fax: +44 1993 841261
      US Voice: +1 973 886 3778
      US Fax: +1 973 346 1106
      Whats New
      Global Distribution
      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C-18
      gamma-Nonalactone (C18) natural
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      ALDEHYDE C-18
      ALDEHYDE C-18 NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0075 gamma-NONALACTONE (C-18), Kosher
      N0152 NAT.gamma-NONALACTONE (ALDEHYDE C-18 (SO-CALLED))
       
  • PCW France
    • PCW France
      Your partner in Fragrances since 1986
      Our mission is to convey an emotion through perfumery.
      PCW founded in 1986, is based in new world-class facilities in the town of Grasse, France. The company aims at supplying the main materials used in perfumery, directly sourcing from important manufacturers worldwide. More than 1000 high-quality references can be provided all over the world with 48 hours dispatch. There is no minimum order line, feel free to contact us for any enquiry.
      Email: Sales team
      Email: Sales team
      Email: Mrs Eleonore Thore :
      Email: Mrs Jennie Brugnot :
      Voice: +33 (0)4 92 28 23 30
      Fax: +33 (0)4 92 28 23 39
      Facebook
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Nonalactone gamma
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Blog
      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C18 Coconut (gamma-nonalactone)
      According to Arctander “This material is one of the most frequently used Iactones in perfumes and flavors. Its field of application reaches from the finest luxury perfumes to inexpensive masking doors, from Gardenia flower bases to Coconut candy flavors, etc. etc. Its intense sweetness and tenacity is often utilized along with that of Undecanolide (so-called Aldehyde C-14) in Gardenia, Tuberose, Honeysuckle, Stephanotis, Plumeria, Jasmin and many other heavy floral types. Modern fantasy perfumes with emphasis on musk and lactones may include the title material and produce unusual fixative effect of overwhelming sweetness, and novel versions of Oriental fragrance types can be made with Sandalwood, Styrax and the tite lactone as part of the base. Its power is often underestimated by the perfumer (if he has no experience as a flavorist) and the lactone will Ĺgrow’ out of the perfume and unpleasantly dominate the fragrance.”
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      01-15300 ALDEHYDE C-18 FCC, Kosher
      01-15301 ALDEHYDE C-18 NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Facebook
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      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      4DD00324 Aldehyde C-18 gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C-18 (gamma-Nonalactone)
       
  • Riverside Aromatics
    • Riverside Aromatics Ltd.
      Speciality Aroma Chemicals, Naturals and Synthetics
      Specialist raw material suppliers to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry.
      Peter Cannon & David Rowe established Riverside Aromatics in 2006 in Poole, UK, to offer a new type of specialist raw material supplier to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry. We bring together over 40 years of commercial & technical experience in the F&F industry which allows us to understand the needs of the Global F&F business and especially that of the West European Market.
      Email: Info
      Email: Peter Cannon (sales)
      Voice: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Fax: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Library
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      NL1090 gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Soda Aromatic
    • Soda Aromatic Co., Ltd.
      Depth of Experience
      We guarantees product safety and quality.
      Our international sales department is happy to design the most suitable flavor & fragrance for specific uses of processed food, cosmetics, and fragrance manufactures all over the world, specializing in Asia.Let us help you with your flavor & fragrance needs.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +81-3-5645-7347
      Fax: +81-3-3664-5204
      Product(s):
      111146040 gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      Sales0512-57995626
      Sales0512-57570299
      News
      Product(s):
      A0078 gamma-Nonalactone
      N0062 nat.gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Symrise
    • Symrise AG
      Always Insiring More
      Symrise aroma molecules & cosmetic ingredients for unique and innovative fragrances, flavors and cosmetics.
      We are globally recognized as a leading provider of fragrances, flavors and active ingredients as well as aroma chemicals for the perfume, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries. We combine our knowledge about consumers’ ever- changing needs with creativity and ground-breaking technologies. In doing so, we concentrate on the development of solutions that provide our customers with added value. We ensure sustained value creation by allowing our employees and shareholders to share our Company’s success.
      US Email: Life Essentials
      Email: Aroma Molecules
      Voice: +49 5531 90 0
      Twitter
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      RSS Feed
      Product(s):
      103866 Aldehyde C18 so-called

      Useful in: brown nuts, brown cocoa, brown others, dairy, vanilla, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
       
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • The Good Scents Company
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C-18
      SDS
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
      Facebook
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      Product(s):
      Aldehyde C-18
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      gamma-Nonalactone
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
5-pentyloxolan-2-one (Click)
CAS Number: 104-61-0Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 203-219-1
FDA UNII: I1XGH66S8P
Nikkaji Web: J2.412K
MDL: MFCD00005403
CoE Number: 178
XlogP3: 2.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 156.22492000
Formula: C9 H16 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains: (R)-gamma-nonalactone
 (S)-gamma-nonalactone
EFSA/JECFA Comments: JECFA evaluated gamma-nonalactone (CASrn as in Register). (R)- or (S)- enantiomer not specified by Register CASrn ADI: 0-1.25 (JECFA, 1968).
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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JECFA Food Flavoring: 229  gamma-nonalactone
Flavis Number: 10.001 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 10.001  nonano-1,4-lactone
FEMA Number: 2781  gamma-nonalactone
FDA Mainterm: GAMMA-NONALACTONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.95800 to 0.96500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.972 to  8.030
Specific Gravity: 0.96000 to 0.97000 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 7.997 to 8.081
Refractive Index: 1.44600 to 1.44900 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 243.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 121.00 to  122.00 °C. @ 6.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.20 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.009000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: >1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 235.00 °F. TCC ( 113.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.942 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 benzyl alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 ethyl alcohol, 1:2 in 60% alcohol
 ethyl alcohol, 1:5 in 50% alcohol
 fixed oils
 paraffin oil
 propylene glycol
 water, 1201 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Stability:
 cream
 detergent
 hair spray
 lipstick
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 soap
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: coconut
Odor Strength: medium
 coconut  creamy  waxy  sweet  buttery  oily  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
coconut creamy waxy sweet buttery oily
Luebke, William tgsc, (1982)
 sweet  creamy  coconut  fatty  oily  buttery  
Odor Description:
Sweet, creamy, coconut, fatty with oily buttery nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 1, 41, (1992)
 coconut  creamy  waxy  fatty  milky  
Taste Description:
at 10.00 ppm.  
Coconut, creamy, waxy with fatty milky notes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 1, 41, (1992)
Substantivity: 309 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
solvents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
A.C.S. International
Aldehyde C 18 / Gamma Nonalactone
Odor: coconut creamy waxy fatty milky
Operational Capabilities
A.C.S. International
Aldehyde C18 (gamma Nonalactone) Natural
Odor: coconut creamy waxy fatty milky
Advanced Biotech
ALDEHYDE C-18 NATURAL CHIRAL
Advanced Biotech
GAMMA NONALACTONE NATURAL
97% min.
Odor: Coconut
Anhui Haibei
gamma-Nonalactone
Odor: fruit, dairy, orchid
Apiscent Labs
GAMMA NONALACTONE (Coconut aldehyde)
Odor: Fatty, coconut, fragrant, anise, licorice
Aromiens International
gamma-Nonalactone Natural
AROMOR
gamma-NONALACTONE, NATURE-IDENTICAL (KOSHER)
Odor: COCONUT-LIKE, SWEET, FRUITY
Artiste
gamma-Nonalactone Natural
Associate Allied Chemicals
Aldehyde C-18
Odor: Fruity, dairy, orchid, coconut-like
Augustus Oils
Aldehyde C18
Services
Aurochemicals
gamma-NONALACTONE, Natural
Bedoukian Research
gamma-NONALACTONE (ALDEHYDE C-18)
≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
Odor: Odor is creamy and coconut-like
Use: Used in tropical fruit complexes.
Flavor: creamy
Used in coconut, peach, apricot, vanilla, maple, honey and chocolate flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
gamma-Nonalactone
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Natural gamma-Nonalactone
Berjé
Aldehyde C-18
Specialties
CG Herbals
Aldehyde C-18
Odor: Fruity, Dairy, Orchid & Coconut-Like
Citrus and Allied Essences
gamma-Nonalactone FCC
Market Report
Creatingperfume.com
Aldehyde C-18 (coconut)
De Monchy Aromatics
gamma-Nonalactone
Odor: sweet, buttery, creamy, waxy, oily, coconut
Diffusions Aromatiques
ALDEHYDE C18
Diffusions Aromatiques
gamma-NONALACTONE (AC18)
ECSA Chemicals
gamma-Nonalactone
Company Profile
Elan Inc.
ALDEHYDE C-18
FCC, Kosher
Ernesto Ventós
ALDEHYDE C-18 (GAMMA-NONALACTONE) KAO
Odor: COCONUT
Ernesto Ventós
ALDEHYDE C-18 (GAMMA-NONALACTONE)
Odor: COCONUT, FRUIT
Excellentia International
gamma-Nonalactone Natural
Excellentia International
gamma-Nonalactone
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
gamma-Nonalactone (GC) ≥97%
Fleurchem
aldehyde C-18
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Aldehyde C-18 Kosher
Featured Products
H. Interdonati, Inc.
gamma-Nonalactone Kosher
Hermitage Oils
Aldehyde C18 (Coconut Aldehyde)
Odor: characteristic
Use: Aldehyde C18 (Coconut Aldehyde) is often also called gamma-Nonalactone it is widely used to create a coconut note or add creaminess and is not in fact an aldehyde at all but a lactone. The odour is described as sweet, creamy, coconut, fatty with oily buttery nuances.
The Vault
IFF
gamma-Nonalactone
Odor: Coconut-like, sweet, fatty, fruity
Indukern F&F
ALDEHYDE C-18 NATURAL
CROP CALENDAR
Indukern F&F
ALDEHYDE C-18
Odor: FRUITY, COCONUT, SWEET
Inoue Perfumery
gamma-NONALACTONE
Jiangyin Healthway
gamma-Nonalactone Natural99%
New functional food ingredients
Kao Corporation
gamma-NONALACTONE
Kao Corporation
gamma-NONALACTONE
Odor: Coconut cream
Kun Shan P&A
Aldehyde C-18
Kun Shan P&A
Natural gamma-Nonalactone
Kunshan Sainty
Aldehyde C18, Kosher
Lansdowne Chemicals
Aldehyde C-18
Lansdowne Chemicals
gamma-Nonalactone (C18) natural
Lluch Essence
ALDEHYDE C-18 NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ALDEHYDE C-18
Odor: FRUITY, COCONUT, SWEET
M&U International
gamma-NONALACTONE (C-18), Kosher
M&U International
NAT.gamma-NONALACTONE (ALDEHYDE C-18 (SO-CALLED))
Moellhausen
gamma-NONALACTONE
Nature-identical
Odor: cocoa, fruity
Flavor: fat, cocoa, apricot
Organica Aromatics
C-18 ALDEHYDE
NLT 98%(sum of isomers)
PCW France
Nonalactone gamma
Steps to a fragranced product
Pearlchem Corporation
Aldehyde C-18
Pell Wall Perfumes
Aldehyde C18 Coconut (gamma-nonalactone)
Odor: coconut, creamy, lactonic, coumarin
Use: According to Arctander “This material is one of the most frequently used Iactones in perfumes and flavors. Its field of application reaches from the finest luxury perfumes to inexpensive masking doors, from Gardenia flower bases to Coconut candy flavors, etc. etc. Its intense sweetness and tenacity is often utilized along with that of Undecanolide (so-called Aldehyde C-14) in Gardenia, Tuberose, Honeysuckle, Stephanotis, Plumeria, Jasmin and many other heavy floral types. Modern fantasy perfumes with emphasis on musk and lactones may include the title material and produce unusual fixative effect of overwhelming sweetness, and novel versions of Oriental fragrance types can be made with Sandalwood, Styrax and the tite lactone as part of the base. Its power is often underestimated by the perfumer (if he has no experience as a flavorist) and the lactone will Ĺgrow’ out of the perfume and unpleasantly dominate the fragrance.”
Penta International
ALDEHYDE C-18 FCC, Kosher
Penta International
ALDEHYDE C-18 NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Aldehyde C-18 gamma-Nonalactone
Odor: sweet fruity coconut
Perfumery Laboratory
ALDEHYDE C-18 (Coconut)
Odor: Coconut, cream, sweet, waxy
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Aldehyde C-18 (gamma-Nonalactone)
Prinova
Aldehyde C18
Reincke & Fichtner
gamma-Nonalactone
Riverside Aromatics
gamma-Nonalactone
Sigma-Aldrich
g-Nonanoic lactone natural, 98%, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
gamma-Nonalactone, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: anise; coconut; fatty; herbaceous
Soda Aromatic
gamma-Nonalactone
Sunaux International
gamma-Nonalactone
Sunaux International
nat.gamma-Nonalactone
Symrise
Aldehyde C18 so-called
Odor: creamy, appetizing, resembling coconut and apricot, extremely tenacious
Flavor: tending towards coconut, cream and apricot
Useful in: brown nuts, brown cocoa, brown others, dairy, vanilla, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
SysKem Chemie
Aldehyde C 18
Taytonn
gamma-Nonalactone
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
gamma-Nonalactone >98.0%(GC)
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
gamma-Nonalactone (aldehyde C-18)
The Good Scents Company
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
Odor: coconut creamy waxy sweet buttery oily
The John D. Walsh Company
Aldehyde C-18
The Lermond Company
Aldehyde C-18
The Perfumers Apprentice
Aldehyde C-18 COCONUT
Odor: Creamy coconut, fruity in dilution
Treatt
gamma-Nonalactone
Ungerer & Company
gamma-Nonalactone (Aldehyde C-18)
Vigon International
Aldehyde C-18 FCC (Gamma Nonalactone)
Odor: Creamy, appetizing, resembling coconut and apricot
Vigon International
Aldehyde C-18 Natural (Nonalactone Gamma Natural)
WEN International
GAMMA-NONALACTONE Natural
Wujiang CIYUN Flavor & Fragrance
gamma-Nonalactone ≥ 99.0%,Natural
Wujiang CIYUN Flavor & Fragrance
gamma-Nonalactone ≥98.0%
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H302 - Harmful if swallowed
Precautionary statement(s)
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P301 + P312 - IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
10 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 9780 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-rat LD50  [sex: M] 6600 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1972a)

gavage-guinea pig LD50  [sex: M,F] 3440 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-guinea pig LD50  3440 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

oral-rat LD50  6600 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 889, 1975.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 889, 1975.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called)) usage levels up to:
  10.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -55.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -11.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -15.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: -25.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -14.00000
fruit ices: -14.00000
gelatins / puddings: -28.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -33.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of lactones used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to - Flavouring Group Evaluation 10: Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 1 (FGE10 Rev1)[1] - Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 64 (FGE.64): Consideration of aliphatic acyclic diols, triols, and related substances evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.10Rev1 (EFSA, 2008ab)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 92 (FGE.92): Consideration of aliphatic acyclic diols, triols, and related substances evaluated by JECFA (68th meeting) structurally related to aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones evaluated by EFSA in FGE.10Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 2 (FGE.10Rev2): Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 104-61-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7710
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 5-pentyloxolan-2-one
Chemidplus: 0000104610
RTECS: LU3675000 for cas# 104-61-0
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
Leffingwell: chirality
 5-pentyloxolan-2-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 104-61-0
Pubchem (cid): 7710
Pubchem (sid): 134972886
Flavornet: 104-61-0
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C08501
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01623
Export Tariff Code: 2932.20.5050
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
EFSA Update of results on the monitoring of furan levels in food: Read Report
EFSA Previous report: Results on the monitoring of furan levels in food: Read Report
EFSA Report of the CONTAM Panel on provisional findings on furan in food: Read Report
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•assay: 97% minimum (98%). •technical, fcc
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
acidic
acidic
isobutyric acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
amber
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
animal
 costus valerolactoneFR
anisic
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 cinnamyl benzoateFL/FR
 peru balsam oilFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
bready
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
buttery
 acetoinFL/FR
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
 acetyl propionylFL/FR
 butyl butyryl lactateFL/FR
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
2,3-heptane dioneFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
caramellic
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 levulinic acidFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
cheesy
 butyric acidFL/FR
2-heptanoneFL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
coconut
 coconut decanone methylFR
 coconut naphthalenoneFL/FR
delta-decalactoneFL/FR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
delta-heptalactoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
delta-octalactoneFL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
 propyl octanoateFL/FR
 tetrahydrojasmoneFR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
 wine lactoneFL/FR
creamy
 butyl lactateFL/FR
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
para-vanillyl alcoholFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
earthy
1-nonen-3-olFL/FR
fatty
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
 lauric acidFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
fermented
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
floral
 benzyl lactateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmone lactoneFL/FR
 gardenia oxideFR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 hexenyl cyclopentanoneFR
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
2-pentyl cyclopentanoneFR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl lactateFL/FR
 farnesyl acetoneFL/FR
4-hydroxybenzyl alcoholFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-5-octenoateFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
 prenyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl octanoateFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
alpha-decalactoneFL/FR
 heptanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
honey
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
mossy
 veramoss (IFF)FR
mushroom
3-octen-2-olFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl butyrateFL/FR
nutty
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
soapy
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
sweet
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
tonka
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
 phthalideFL/FR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
 whiskey lactoneFL/FR
tropical
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoateFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoateFL/FR
vanilla
ortho-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin isobutyrateFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
vegetable
 methionalFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
2-methyl heptanoic acidFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
 myristyl alcoholFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
woody
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 santallFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl methyl trisulfideFL
 benzyl lactateFL/FR
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
isobutyric acidFL/FR
 cinnamyl benzoateFL/FR
 coconut naphthalenoneFL/FR
alpha-decalactoneFL/FR
6-decenoic acidFL
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzofuranoneFL
ortho-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
 farnesyl acetoneFL/FR
delta-heptalactoneFL/FR
 heptanal 2,3-butane diol acetalFL
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
 lauric acidFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 massoia bark oilFL
3-(methyl thio) hexanalFL
 myristyl alcoholFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
4-octen-3-oneFL
 prenyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 propyl octanoateFL/FR
 sodium 4-methyl-2-oxovalerateFL
(R)-tonka furanoneFL
 wine lactoneFL/FR
acidic
 levulinic acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
alliaceous
3-tetrahydrothiophenoneFL
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 peru balsam oilFL/FR
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
buttery
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
 butyroinFL
 diacetylFL
2,3-heptane dioneFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
(E)-2-pentenoic acidFL
cabbage
 methyl 2-thiofuroateFL
caramellic
 caramel furanoneFL
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
3-methyl butyl 2-furyl butyrateFL
cheesy
2-heptanoneFL/FR
coconut
delta-decalactoneFL/FR
(R)-massoia lactoneFL
6-methyl coumarinFL
delta-octalactoneFL/FR
corn chip
2-acetyl-2-thiazolineFL
creamy
 acetoinFL/FR
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
 butyl butyryl lactateFL/FR
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
5,5-dibutyl dihydrofuran-2(3H)-oneFL
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoateFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoateFL/FR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
para-vanillyl alcoholFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
dairy
 butyl lactateFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-5-octenoateFL/FR
earthy
1-nonen-3-olFL/FR
fatty
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
 diacetyl trimerFL
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
2,4-octadien-1-olFL
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-undecadienalFL
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
 acetyl isovalerylFL
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl lactateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
4-hydroxybenzyl alcoholFL/FR
isopropyl octanoateFL/FR
green
 heptanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
lactonic
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
milky
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
mushroom
3-octen-2-olFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl butyrateFL/FR
nutty
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
soapy
1-dodecanolFL/FR
sour
 butyric acidFL/FR
spicy
 benzylidene acetoneFL
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
toasted
 acetyl propionylFL/FR
tomato
 methionalFL/FR
tonka
 phthalideFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin isobutyrateFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmone lactoneFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
2-methyl heptanoic acidFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
 octyl 2-furoateFL
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 whiskey lactoneFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 amberFR
 apricotFR
 balsamFR
 bananaFR
 bayFL/FR
 bay rumFR
 bouquetFR
 caramelFL
 cedarwoodFR
 chocolate cocoa 
 chypreFR
 coconutFR
 coconut tropicalFR
 femme 
 fern fougereFR
 figFR
 floralFR
 fracas 
 fruit tropical fruit 
 gardeniaFR
 grass sweetFR
 honeysuckle chevrefeuilleFR
 juniper berryFR
 lavenderFR
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 lou lou 
 lycheeFR
 maceFR
 magnoliaFR
 mapleFR
 nutmegFR
 orangeFR
 orchidFR
 orientalFR
 peachFR
 pina coladaFR
 pineFR
 plumFR
 poison 
 raspberryFR
 sandalwoodFR
 strawberryFR
 tonka beanFR
 tuberoseFR
 vanillaFR
 white shoulders 
 woodyFR
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 apricot
GRIN Trop Picture
 bread wheat bread
 champaca concrete @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 crispbread
 currant black currant berry
GRIN Trop Picture
 currant black currant bud
GRIN Trop Picture
 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 2.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 ham
PbMd 
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.04%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 papaya
 peach
 pineapple
 plum
 plumcot
 sugar heated sugar
 tea black tea
 tea green tea with jasmin
PbMd 
 wine
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Synonyms:
 abricolin
 aldehyde C-18
 aldehyde C-18 (gamma-nonalactone)
 aldehyde C-18 (so-called)
 aldehyde C-18 chiral natural
 aldehyde C-18 FCC
 aldehyde C-18 natural
 aldehyde C18
 aldehyde C18 so-called
delta-N-amyl butyrolactone
gamma-amyl butyrolactone
gamma-N-amyl butyrolactone
4-amyl-4-hydroxybutyric acid lactone
4-N-amyl-4-hydroxybutyric acid lactone
gamma-amyl-gamma-butyrolactone
d-n-amylbutyrolactone
 apricolin
 c-18 aldehyde
 coconut aldehyde
 dihydro-5-pentyl-2(3H)-furanon
 dihydro-5-pentyl-2(3H)-furanone
4-hydroxynonanoic acid gamma-lactone
4-nonalactone
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18)
gamma-nonalactone (C-18)
gamma-nonalactone (coconut aldehyde)
GAMMA nonalactone (coconut aldehyde)
gamma-nonalactone FCC
gamma-nonalactone natural
gamma-nonalactone, nature-identical
1,4-nonalolide
 nonan-1,4-olide
 nonan-4-olide
 nonano-1,4-lactone
 nonanoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, gamma-lactone
gamma-nonanolactone
1,4-nonanolide
4-nonanolide
g-nonanolide
gamma-nonanolide
 nonanolide-1,4
1,4-nonyl lactone
gamma-nonyl lactone
gamma-nonyl-gamma-butylrolactone
gamma-nonylactone
gamma-pelargolactone
4-pentyl butan-4-olide
4-pentyl butanolide
4-pentyl-butanolide
5-pentyl-dihydro-furan-2-one
g-pentyl-g-butyrolactone
gamma-pentyl-gamma-butyrolactone
4-pentylbutan-4-olide
5-pentyldihydro-2(3H)-furanone
5-pentyldihydrofuran-2(3H)-one
5-pentyloxolan-2-one
 prunolide
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Articles:
PubMed: Chemical composition and aroma evaluation of essential oils from Evolvulus alsinoides L.
PubMed: 6-Pentyl-2H-pyran-2-one: a potent peach-derived kairomone for New Zealand flower thrips, Thrips obscuratus.
PubMed: Aroma characterization of chinese rice wine by gas chromatography-olfactometry, chemical quantitative analysis, and aroma reconstitution.
PubMed: Identification of characteristic flavour precursors from enzymatic hydrolysis-mild thermal oxidation tallow by descriptive sensory analysis and gas chromatography-olfactometry and partial least squares regression.
PubMed: Effect of ╬▒-tocopherol on lactone formation in marbled beef and changes in lactone volatility during storage.
PubMed: Volatile composition and sensory properties of Vitis vinifera red cultivars from north west Spain: correlation between sensory and instrumental analysis.
PubMed: Minimal structural requirements of alkyl ╬│-lactones capable of antagonizing the cocaine-induced motility decrease in planarians.
PubMed: Effects of alpha-tocopherol on lactones in beef headspace during storage.
PubMed: Analytical and sensorial characterization of the aroma of wines produced with sour rotten grapes using GC-O and GC-MS: identification of key aroma compounds.
PubMed: Volatile compounds and the changes in their concentration levels during storage in beers containing varying malt concentrations.
PubMed: Odor-active compounds in cardboard.
PubMed: Fate of key odorants in Sauternes wines through aging.
PubMed: Screening for gamma-nonalactone in the headspace of freshly cooked non-scented rice using SPME/GC-O and SPME/GC-MS.
PubMed: Odor detection thresholds and enantiomeric distributions of several 4-alkyl substituted gamma-lactones in Australian red wine.
PubMed: Quantification of several 4-alkyl substituted gamma-lactones in Australian wines.
PubMed: Analysis of volatile compounds in beef fat by dynamic-headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Identification of volatile compounds responsible for prune aroma in prematurely aged red wines.
PubMed: Aroma components of American country ham.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in apricots (Prunus armeniaca) by application of the molecular sensory science concept.
PubMed: Astrocytic biotransformation of trans-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is dose-dependent.
PubMed: Aroma composition of red wines by different extraction methods and Gas Chromatography-SIM/MASS spectrometry analysis.
PubMed: On-line reversed-phase liquid chromatography-gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry for enantiomeric analysis of chiral compounds in fruit beverages.
PubMed: Senescence marker protein-30 is a unique enzyme that hydrolyzes diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate in the liver.
PubMed: Characterization of the aroma of a wine from maccabeo. Key role played by compounds with low odor activity values.
PubMed: Characterization of odor-active compounds in Californian chardonnay wines using GC-olfactometry and GC-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: How low pH can intensify beta-damascenone and dimethyl trisulfide production through beer aging.
PubMed: Use of GC-olfactometry to identify the hop aromatic compounds in beer.
PubMed: Lipase-catalysed resolution of gamma- and delta-lactones.
PubMed: Chirality of the gamma-lactones produced by Sporidiobolus salmonicolor grown in two different media.
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