ethyl lactate
propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ethyl ester
 
Notes:
Present in cabbage, peas, vinegar, bread, roasted chicken, butter, blackberry, pineapple, raspberry and various wines and spirits. Flavouring agent Ethyl lactate, also known as lactic acid ethyl ester, is a monobasic ester formed from lactic acid and ethanol, commonly used as a solvent. This compound is considered biodegradable and can be used as a water-rinsable degreaser. Ethyl lactate is found naturally in small quantities in a wide variety of foods including wine, chicken, and various fruits. The odor of ethyl lactate when dilute is mild, buttery, creamy, with hints of fruit and coconut.
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
      Newsroom
      Product(s):
      ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
       
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      244000 ETHYL LACTATE Natural Kosher
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
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      Product(s):
      10672 Ethyl Lactate
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
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      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Lactate FCC
       
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
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      Product(s):
      ETHYL LACTATE
      ETHYL LACTATE FCC
      ETHYL LACTATE FCC/USP
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Società con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
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      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
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      Company Profile
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      Product(s):
      Ethyl Lactate Supra
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Lactate Natural
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      ethyl lactate natural
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      ETHYL LACTATE
      ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      N0164 NAT.ETHYL LACTATE
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      1000447 ETHYL LACTATE
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Blog
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Lactate
      It is worth noting that although Arctander describes this as a ‘mild’ smelling material, other commentators (including William Luebke of The Good Scents Company) have described it as having ‘high’ odour impact and this perfumer would certainly agree that while it isn’t harsh or overwhelming, it is not material you’re going to have difficulty detecting on a smelling strip.
       
       
  • Penta International
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
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      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
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      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      3FD04102 Ethyl Lactate
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      New Catalog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      ETHYL LACTATE > 98,5
       
  • Robertet
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
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      Product(s):
      ETHYL LACTATE
      ETHYL LACTATE SUPRA
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Email: Global Business
      Voice: +81-3-5640-8878
      Fax: +81-3-5640-8902
      US Voice: 800-423-8616
      US Fax: 888-520-1075
      Tokyo Tel:03-5640-8851
      Tokyo Fax:03-5640-8865
      Facebook
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      Product(s):
      L0003 Ethyl Lactate >98.0%(GC)
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Lactate
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      500474 Ethyl Lactate Natural FCC
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
    Flavor Demo Formulas
ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate (Click)
CAS Number: 97-64-3Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-598-0
FDA UNII: F3P750VW8I
Nikkaji Web: J4.732E
Beilstein Number: 1209448
MDL: MFCD00065359
CoE Number: 371
XlogP3-AA: 0.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 118.13230000
Formula: C5 H10 O3
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 931  ethyl lactate
JECFA Food Additive: Ethyl Lactate
Flavis Number: 09.433 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 09.433  ethyl lactate
FEMA Number: 2440  ethyl lactate
FDA Mainterm: ETHYL LACTATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 1.02900 to 1.03700 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.562 to  8.629
Refractive Index: 1.40800 to 1.42200 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -26.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 154.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 1.163000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 4.07 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 120.00 °F. TCC ( 48.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.039 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 isopropyl myristate
 water, 4.728e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 ether
 chloroform
 water, 1.00E+06 mg/L @ 20 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
Similar Items: note
amyl lactate
isoamyl lactate
benzyl lactate
butyl butyryl lactate
butyl lactate
isobutyl lactate
sec-butyl lactate
butyl laevo-lactate
cetyl lactate
dodecyl lactate
ethyl acetyl lactate
ethyl butyryl lactate
ethyl phenyl lactate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl lactate
hexyl lactate
laevo-menthyl lactate
menthyl methyl lactate
methyl dextro-lactate
methyl laevo-lactate
phenethyl lactate
propyl lactate
vanillyl lactate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 sharp  tart  fruity  buttery  butterscotch  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in propylene glycol. 
sharp tart fruity buttery butterscotch
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
 sweet  fruity  acidic  ethereal  brown  
Odor Description:
Sweet, fruity, acidic, etherial with a brown nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 4, 51, (1993)
 sweet  fruity  creamy  pineapple  caramellic  brown  
Taste Description:
at 50.00 ppm.  
Sweet, fruity, creamy, pineapple-like with a caramellic brown nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 4, 51, (1993)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
solvents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aceto
Ethyl Lactate FCC
Advanced Biotech
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Fruity, Butterscotch
Alfrebro
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
Odor: Fruity, Buttery, Butterscotch
Alzo International
Dermol EL
Aurochemicals
ETHYL LACTATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ETHYL LACTATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Ethyl Lactate
Berjé
Ethyl Lactate FCC
Happening at Berje
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL LACTATE FCC
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL LACTATE FCC/USP
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL LACTATE
Creatingperfume.com
Ethyl Lactate Natural
Diffusions Aromatiques
ETHYL LACTATE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
ETHYL LACTATE
ECSA Chemicals
Ethyl Lactate Supra
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL LACTATE, NATURAL
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL LACTATE
Odor: ETHEREAL-BUTTERY, CHEESY, FRUITY
Flavor: MILD, FRUITY-ETHEREAL, BUTTERY
Excellentia International
Ethyl Lactate Natural
Fleurchem
ethyl lactate natural
Godavari Biorefineries
Ethyl Lactate 99%
Grau Aromatics
ETHYL-LACTATE SUPRA
NI
Indenta Group
Ethyl Lactate
Indukern F&F
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
CROP CALENDAR
Indukern F&F
ETHYL LACTATE
Odor: FRUITY, CARAMEL
Lluch Essence
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ETHYL LACTATE
Odor: CARAMELY, FRUITY, BURNT
M&U International
NAT.ETHYL LACTATE
Moellhausen
ETHYL LACTATE
Pell Wall Perfumes
Ethyl Lactate
Odor: Sweet, fruity, ethereal, buttery, butterscotch
Use: It is worth noting that although Arctander describes this as a ‘mild’ smelling material, other commentators (including William Luebke of The Good Scents Company) have described it as having ‘high’ odour impact and this perfumer would certainly agree that while it isn’t harsh or overwhelming, it is not material you’re going to have difficulty detecting on a smelling strip.
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE ELECTRONIC GRADE, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL FCC, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE SOLVENT GRADE, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE SYNTHETIC, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Ethyl Lactate
Perfumery Laboratory
Ethyl Lactate
Odor: Fruity, sweet, wine, sour, oily, candy, with notes of strawberry and grape
Prodasynth
ETHYL LACTATE > 98,5
Odor: ETHEREAL-BUTTERY, CHEESY, FRUITY
Flavor: MILD, FRUITY-ETHEREAL, BUTTERY
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Lactate natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Lactate
Robertet
ETHYL LACTATE (ETHYL 2-HYDROXYPROPANOATE)
Pure & Nat (EU)
SHANDONG BAISHENG BIOTECHNOLOGY
Ethyl Lactate
Odor: characteristic
Use: DL-lactic acid ethyl ester is the use of sugar resulting from the fermentation of carbohydrates of DL-lactic acid ethyl ester derivative, colorless liquid, slightly with special smell, soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, esters, and other solvents, has partially hydrolyzed miscible with water. Applications: mainly used in electronic ink solvent cleaning and coating industry.
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl lactate, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: butter; fruity
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl lactate, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: butter; fruity
SRS Aromatics
ETHYL LACTATE SUPRA
SRS Aromatics
ETHYL LACTATE
SysKem Chemie
Ethyl Lactate Food Grade
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Lactate >98.0%(GC)
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
Ethyl Lactate
Treatt
Ethyl Lactate
Vigon International
Ethyl Lactate Natural FCC
WEN International
ETHYL LACTATE Natural
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 10 - Flammable.
R 37 - Irritating to respiratory system.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 39 - Wear eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
8 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  8200 mg/kg
International Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 17(Suppl

oral-mouse LD50  2500 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 65, Pg. 89, 1939.

intravenous-mouse LD50  600 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 65, Pg. 89, 1939.

intramuscular-guinea pig LDLo  2605 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 76, Pg. 189, 1942.

intraperitoneal-rat LDLo  1000 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. Vol. 11, Pg. 150, 1959.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 677, 1982.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 2500 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 65, Pg. 89, 1939.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
Recommendation for ethyl lactate usage levels up to:
  12.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1600.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 760.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -71.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -5.40000
beverages(alcoholic): -1000.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 580.000003100.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -17.00000
fruit ices: -17.00000
gelatins / puddings: -8.30000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -28.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 64 (FGE.64): Consideration of aliphatic acyclic diols, triols, and related substances evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.10Rev1 (EFSA, 2008ab)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 97-64-3
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7344
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1192
WGK Germany: 1
 ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
Chemidplus: 0000097643
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: OD5075000 for cas# 97-64-3
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 97-64-3
Pubchem (cid): 7344
Pubchem (sid): 134970641
Flavornet: 97-64-3
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB40735
FooDB: FDB020545
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01685
Export Tariff Code: 2918.11.5100
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: technical (96%).
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
2,2,3-trimethyl cyclopentane ethanol 
2-ethyl butyric acidFL/FR
2-methyl butyric acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
anise
 anise seed oilFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
anisic
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
balsamic
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
buttery
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
 maple furanoneFL/FR
5-methyl furfuralFL/FR
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
cheesy
 butyric acidFL/FR
isovaleric acidFL/FR
chemical
isobutyl formateFL/FR
 propyl propionateFL/FR
citrus
 citralFL/FR
(E)-4-decenalFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
2-ethyl-1-hexanolFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenolFR
creamy
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
 cyclotene propionateFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl formateFL/FR
fatty
 decanolFL/FR
fermented
 ethyl (E)-2-crotonateFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 citronellyl anthranilateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) russiaFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) turkeyFL/FR
 terpinyl valerateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl decanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzaldehydeFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
isobutyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl carboxylic acidFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
(E,E)-ethyl sorbateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 linalyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 menthyl isovalerateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
 methyl heptanoateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl octanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl acetateFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
green
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl isobutyrateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-olFL/FR
2-octen-1-olFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 nopyl acetateFR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
honey
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
melon
 melon heptenalFL/FR
soapy
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
spicy
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
(E)-propyl 2-furan acrylateFL/FR
waxy
 decyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl decanoateFL/FR
 ethyl octanoateFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl octanoateFL/FR
woody
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 cyclotene propionateFL/FR
acidic
2-ethyl butyric acidFL/FR
(E)-2-hexenoic acidFL
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
anise
 anise seed oilFL/FR
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
balsamic
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
berry
2,2,3-trimethyl cyclopentane ethanol 
brown
5-methyl furfuralFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl acetateFL/FR
burnt
 furfuryl alcoholFL
buttery
 diacetylFL
caramellic
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
 maple furanoneFL/FR
 pyruvaldehydeFL
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
cheesy
isovaleric acidFL/FR
citrus
 citralFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
coffee
 coffee distillatesFL
creamy
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
2-ethyl-1-hexanolFL/FR
2-octen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-olFL/FR
floral
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) russiaFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) turkeyFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
fruity
 acetyl isovalerylFL
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl decanoateFL/FR
 benzaldehydeFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
isobutyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 citronellyl anthranilateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl carboxylic acidFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
(E,E)-ethyl sorbateFL/FR
2-furyl pentyl ketoneFL
2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 menthyl isovalerateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
2-methyl butyric acidFL/FR
 methyl heptanoateFL/FR
(E,E)-methyl sorbateFL
 phenethyl octanoateFL/FR
(E)-propyl 2-furan acrylateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl butyrateFL/FR
isopropyl formateFL/FR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl octanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl valerateFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
green
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-heptenalFL
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
honey
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
milky
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
musty
 ethyl (E)-2-crotonateFL/FR
powdery
 acetophenoneFL/FR
 powdery ketoneFL
ripe
(E)-4-decenalFL/FR
rummy
isobutyl formateFL/FR
sour
 butyric acidFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl-2-pentenoic acidFL
spicy
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
sulfurous
S-ethyl thioacetateFL
sweet
 acetone alcoholFL
tropical
 propyl propionateFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 decanolFL/FR
 decyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl decanoateFL/FR
 ethyl octanoateFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
woody
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 almondFR
 appleFR
 apple crabapple 
 apple greenFR
 beer bantu beer 
 bread white bread 
 butterscotchFR
 caramelFL
 cheeseFL
 cherryFR
 cherry maraschinoFL
 chervil 
 chestnut blossom 
 chocolate cocoa 
 cider 
 cilantroFL/FR
 clary sageFL/FR
 cloudberry bakeapple 
 coconutFR
 cognacFR
 cologneFR
 cranberryFR
 dogwoodFR
 ethereal 
 figFR
 grapeFR
 grapefruitFR
 horseradishFL
 ivyFR
 lycheeFR
 mustardFL
 nutFL
 orange bitterFL/FR
 palmarosaFL/FR
 patchouliFR
 pea green pea 
 pear brandy 
 peel 
 pineappleFR
 plum brandy 
 plum greengage plum 
 radish 
 rhubarbFR
 saffronFR
 saki 
 sauerkraut 
 spruceFL/FR
 strawberryFR
 strawberry leaf 
 tobasco 
 vinegar 
 wasabi 
 watercress nasturtium 
 wine sherryFR
 wormwood absinthiumFL/FR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 apple fruit
Search  Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 chicken
Search  Picture
 cocoa
Search Trop  Picture
 grape
Search  Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 wine
Search  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 actylol
 acytol
 ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
 ethyl 2-hydroxypropionate
 ethyl alpha-hydroxypropionate
 ethyl lactate (ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate)
 ethyl lactate (natural)
 ethyl lactate electronic grade
 ethyl lactate FCC
 ethyl lactate FCC natural
 ethyl lactate natural
 ethyl lactate natural fcc
 ethyl lactate solvent grade
 ethyl lactate synthetic
 ethyl-lactate supra
2-hydroxypropanoic acid ethyl ester
2-hydroxypropionic acid ethyl ester
 lactic acid ethyl ester
 propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ethyl ester
 solactol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Development of a hybrid fermentation-enzymatic bioprocess for the production of ethyl lactate from dairy waste.
PubMed: Discrimination of varietal wines according to their volatiles.
PubMed: In situ Metabolic Characteristic Analysis Reveals the Key Yeast in the Spontaneous and Solid-state Fermentation Process of Chinese Light-style Liquor.
PubMed: Combining mass spectrometry diagnostic and density functional theory calculations for a better understanding of the plasma polymerization of ethyl lactate.
PubMed: Melamine and melamine-formaldehyde polymers as ligands for palladium and application to Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions in sustainable solvents.
PubMed: Effect of alcohol aggregation on the retention factors of chiral solutes with an amylose-based sorbent: modeling and implications for the adsorption mechanism.
PubMed: Application of High-Resolution MALDI-TOFMS with a Spiral Ion Trajectory for the Structural Characterization of Free Radical Polymerized Methacrylate Ester Copolymers.
PubMed: Canine superficial bacterial folliculitis: current understanding of its etiology, diagnosis and treatment.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds of Chinese famous liquors by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and flash GC electronic-nose.
PubMed: Effect of five enological practices and of the general phenolic composition on fermentation-related aroma compounds in Mencia young red wines.
PubMed: Comparative volatile profiles in soy sauce according to inoculated microorganisms.
PubMed: Investigation of the impacts of ethyl lactate based Fenton treatment on soil quality for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)-contaminated soils.
PubMed: Chiral recognition mechanism of acyloin-containing chiral solutes by amylose tris[(S)-α-methylbenzylcarbamate].
PubMed: Eco-solvents--cluster-formation, surfactantless microemulsions and facilitated hydrotropy.
PubMed: A four-component synthetic attractant for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) isolated from fermented bait headspace.
PubMed: Reductive degradation of oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using an activated magnesium/co-solvent system.
PubMed: More evidence on the control of reverse micelles sizes. Combination of different techniques as a powerful tool to monitor AOT reversed micelles properties.
PubMed: Fermentative aroma compounds and sensory profiles of Godello and Albariño wines as influenced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strains.
PubMed: Residual antibacterial activity of dog hairs after therapy with antimicrobial shampoos.
PubMed: Multivariate evaluation and optimization of an activated-magnesium/co-solvent system for the reductive degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
PubMed: Performance evaluation of Pichia kluyveri, Kluyveromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in industrial tequila fermentation.
PubMed: Asymmetric synthesis and anti-protozoal activity of the 8,4'-oxyneolignans virolin, surinamensin and analogues.
PubMed: Rheological behavior of xanthan gum solution related to shear thinning fluid delivery for subsurface remediation.
PubMed: Redox effect on volatile compound formation in wine during fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: Identification and field evaluation of fermentation volatiles from wine and vinegar that mediate attraction of spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii.
PubMed: Total synthesis of (-)-orthodiffenes A and C.
PubMed: Mobile decontamination units-room for improvement?
PubMed: Investigating high-concentration monoclonal antibody powder suspension in nonaqueous suspension vehicles for subcutaneous injection.
PubMed: Buffer gas modifiers effect resolution in ion mobility spectrometry through selective ion-molecule clustering reactions.
PubMed: Modular polylactic acid microparticle-based scaffolds prepared via microfluidic emulsion/solvent displacement process: fabrication, characterization, and in vitro mesenchymal stem cells interaction study.
PubMed: Asymmetric synthesis and CD investigation of the 1,4-benzodioxane lignans eusiderins A, B, C, G, L, and M.
PubMed: Fast and selective sugar conversion to alkyl lactate and lactic acid with bifunctional carbon-silica catalysts.
PubMed: Aroma chemical composition of red wines from different price categories and its relationship to quality.
PubMed: Effect of co-inoculation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Lactobacillus fermentum on the quality of the distilled sugar cane beverage cachaça.
PubMed: Preparation of biodegradable polylactide microparticles via a biocompatible procedure.
PubMed: Biodegradation of semiconductor volatile organic compounds by four novel bacterial strains: a kinetic analysis.
PubMed: Cyclosporin pro-dispersion liposphere formulation.
PubMed: Evaluation of solubility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ethyl lactate/water versus ethanol/water mixtures for contaminated soil remediation applications.
PubMed: De novo synthesis of L-colitose and L-rhodinose building blocks.
PubMed: Comparative metabolic profiling to investigate the contribution of O. oeni MLF starter cultures to red wine composition.
PubMed: Evaluation of factors influencing the enantioselective enzymatic esterification of lactic acid in ionic liquid.
PubMed: Syntheses and characterization of copper(II) carboxylate dimers formed from enantiopure ligands containing a strong π···π stacking synthon: enantioselective single-crystal to single-crystal gas/solid-mediated transformations.
PubMed: Comparative in vitro efficacy of antimicrobial shampoos: a pilot study.
PubMed: Evaluation of different Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains on the profile of volatile compounds and polyphenols in cherry wines.
PubMed: Characterization of odor-active compounds of various cherry wines by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, gas chromatography-olfactometry and their correlation with sensory attributes.
PubMed: Synthesis and characterization of chiral compounds containing cationic groups as chiral dopants in liquid crystals.
PubMed: Chemical and sensory changes in fresh cider spirits during maturation in inert containers.
PubMed: Copper(II) carboxylate tetramers formed from an enantiopure ligand containing a π-stacking supramolecular synthon: single-crystal to single-crystal enantioselective ligand exchange.
PubMed: Responses of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus adults to selected synthetic palm esters: electroantennographic studies and trap catches in an urban environment.
PubMed: Relationship between changes in the total concentration of acetic acid bacteria and major volatile compounds during the acetic acid fermentation of white wine.
PubMed: Ethyl lactate-EDTA composite system enhances the remediation of the cadmium-contaminated soil by autochthonous willow (Salix x aureo-pendula CL 'J1011') in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
PubMed: An attempt towards simultaneous biobased solvent based extraction of proteins and enzymatic saccharification of cellulosic materials from distiller's grains and solubles.
PubMed: Immobilization of Candida antarctica lipase B by adsorption in organic medium.
PubMed: Indole derivatives from a marine sponge-derived yeast as DPPH radical scavengers.
PubMed: Insights into the ethyl lactate + water mixed solvent.
PubMed: Ethyl lactate enhances ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid solution removal of copper from contaminated soils.
PubMed: Simultaneous removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and copper from soils using ethyl lactate-amended EDDS solution.
PubMed: A poly(D,L-lactide) resin for the preparation of tissue engineering scaffolds by stereolithography.
PubMed: Efficient synthesis of enantiomeric ethyl lactate by Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB)-displaying yeasts.
PubMed: Carotenoid extraction from plants using a novel, environmentally friendly solvent.
PubMed: Effects of elevated CO2 on grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.): volatile composition, phenolic content, and in vitro antioxidant activity of red wine.
PubMed: Enhanced oral bioavailability of puerarin using microemulsion vehicle.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic characteristics and application studies of the stationary phase of CH-B-15-C-5.
PubMed: Ethyl pyruvate and ethyl lactate down-regulate the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and modulate expression of immune receptors.
PubMed: Quantitative ester analysis in cachaca and distilled spirits by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
PubMed: The tandem ring-closing metathesis-isomerization approach to 6-deoxyglycals.
PubMed: Monomer versus alcohol activation in the 4-dimethylaminopyridine-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of lactide and lactic O-carboxylic anhydride.
PubMed: Laboratory investigation of flux reduction from dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) partial source zone remediation by enhanced dissolution.
PubMed: Homochiral laminar europium metal-organic framework with unprecedented giant dielectric anisotropy.
PubMed: Multiferroic homochiral metal-organic framework.
PubMed: Ethyl pyruvate, a potentially effective mitigator of damage after total-body irradiation.
PubMed: Design of concise, scalable route to a cholecystokinin 1 (CCK 1) receptor antagonist.
PubMed: Determination of volatile compounds in cider spirits by gas chromatography with direct injection.
PubMed: Sucrose acetate isobutyrate as an in situ forming system for sustained risperidone release.
PubMed: [Rheological properties of sucrose acetate isobutyrate in situ gel].
PubMed: Evaluation of kinetic parameters for enzymatic interesterification synthesis of L-ascorbyl lactate by response surface methodology.
PubMed: Cardiovascular effects of selected water-miscible solvents for pharmaceutical injections and embolization materials: a comparative hemodynamic study using a sheep model.
PubMed: Fluorescence spectroscopy of jet-cooled chiral (+/-)-indan-1-ol and its cluster with (+/-)-methyl- and ethyl-lactate.
PubMed: Organic solvents as vehicles for precipitating liquid embolics: a comparative angiotoxicity study with superselective injections of swine rete mirabile.
PubMed: Quantification of selected volatile constituents and anions in Mexican Agave spirits (Tequila, Mezcal, Sotol, Bacanora).
PubMed: Clinical and instrumental evaluation of skin improvement after treatment with a new 50% pyruvic acid peel.
PubMed: Lipase-catalyzed transformations for the synthesis of butyl lactate: a comparison between esterification and transesterification.
PubMed: NMR spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF MS characterisation of end-functionalised PVP oligomers prepared with different esters as chain transfer agents.
PubMed: Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes.
PubMed: Chiral recognition between lactic acid derivatives and an aromatic alcohol in a supersonic expansion: electronic and vibrational spectroscopy.
PubMed: Characterization of volatile compounds of Mezcal, an ethnic alcoholic beverage obtained from Agave salmiana.
PubMed: Changes in the concentration of yeast-derived volatile compounds of red wine during malolactic fermentation with four commercial starter cultures of Oenococcus oeni.
PubMed: Volatile composition and sensory characters of commercial Galician orujo spirits.
PubMed: Oxoester oxidoreductase activities in new isolates of Pichia anomala from apple, grape and cane juices.
PubMed: Dissociation of gas-phase dimeric complexes of lactic acid and transition-metal ions formed under electrospray ionization conditions; the role of reduction of the metal ion.
PubMed: Biocatalysis using an organic-soluble enzyme for the preparation of poly(lactic acid) in organic solvents.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic quantification of major volatile compounds and polyols in wine by direct injection.
PubMed: End-functionalised 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone oligomers bearing lactate functions at one end.
PubMed: Reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene by a mixed bacterial culture growing on ethyl lactate.
PubMed: Opportunities in the industrial biobased products industry.
PubMed: The potential of organic-based amylose-ethylcellulose film coatings as oral colon-specific drug delivery systems.
PubMed: Self-organization of lactates in the gas phase.
PubMed: Determination of enantiomeric excess using the ultraviolet-circular dichroism and the high-performance liquid chromatography-circular dichroism methods.
PubMed: Biorefinery.
PubMed: Different multidimensional chromatographic approaches applied to the study of wine malolactic fermentation.
PubMed: Effects of an ethyl lactate shampoo in conjunction with a systemic antibiotic in the treatment of canine superficial bacterial pyoderma in an open-label, nonplacebo-controlled study.
PubMed: [Preparation and evaluation of in-situ synthesis zeolite gas-liquid modified columns].
PubMed: [Study on mixed stationary phase composed of 2,3,6-tributyl-beta-cyclodextrin and AgNO3 for capillary gas chromatography].
PubMed: [Preparation of gas chromatographic capillary columns with beta-cyclodextrin polymer stationary phase modified with methyl phenyl silicone(OV-17)].
PubMed: Unexpected change of the sense of the enantioselective hydrogenation of ethyl pyruvate catalyzed by a Pt-alumina-cinchona alkaloid system.
PubMed: Straightforward synthesis of two pairs of enantiomeric butenolides 3-tetradecyl- and 3-hexadecyl-5-methyl-2(5H)-furanone.
PubMed: The occurrence of malolactic fermentation in brandy base wine and its influence on brandy quality.
PubMed: Generation of roasted notes based on 2-acetyl-2-thiazoline and its precursor, 2-(1-hydroxyethyl)-4,5-dihydrothiazole, by combined bio and thermal approaches.
PubMed: Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O.
PubMed: Volatile components of Loureira, Dona Branca, and Treixadura wines.
PubMed: Stereoselective Synthesis of Highly Functionalized Cyclopropanes. Application to the Asymmetric Synthesis of (1S,2S)-2,3-Methanoamino Acids.
PubMed: Enantioselective syntheses of monotetrahydrofuran Annonaceous acetogenins tonkinecin and annonacin starting from carbohydrates.
PubMed: Sonochemical enantioselective hydrogenation of ethyl pyruvate over platinum catalysts.
PubMed: Comparative hemolytic activity of undiluted organic water-miscible solvents for intravenous and intra-arterial injection.
PubMed: Organic solvents for pharmaceutical parenterals and embolic liquids: a review of toxicity data.
PubMed: Total synthesis of (+)-blastmycinone, (-)-litsenolide C1, and related natural trisubstituted lactones via alkynyltungsten compounds.
PubMed: The properties of amylose-ethylcellulose films cast from organic-based solvents as potential coatings for colonic drug delivery.
PubMed: Yeast influence on volatile composition of wines.
PubMed: Personal decontamination after exposure to stimulated liquid phase contaminants: functional assessment of a new unit.
PubMed: Safety assessment of lactate esters.
PubMed: Chiral discrimination using piezoelectric and optical gas sensors.
PubMed: Synthesis and pharmacological characterization of enantiomerically pure muscarinic agonists: difluoromuscarines.
PubMed: Increased mutagenesis mediated by cloned plasmid CAM-OCT genes: potential for expanding substrate ranges of Pseudomonas spp.
PubMed: Inhibition of pig liver esterase by trifluoromethyl ketones: modulators of the catalytic reaction alter inhibition kinetics.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis to ethyl lactate.
PubMed: Ethyl lactate-ethanol-water cosolvent for intravenous theophylline.
PubMed: The mode of action of ethyl lactate as a treatment for acne.
PubMed: Direct separation of alpha-hydroxycarboxylic acid ester enantiomers by gas chromatography with optically active copper(II) complexes.
PubMed: Reduction of oral tetracycline of lipolysis of triglycerides in hair lipid.
PubMed: [Clinical evaluation of a topical ethyl lactate treatment of acne vulgaris (author's transl)].
PubMed: [Analytical characterization of varietal wines and aging phenomena].
PubMed: [Experimental clinical study on the effect of ethyl lactate on lipolytic activity of the skin and cutaneous adipose tissue].
PubMed: [On the reduction of free fatty acids in skin surface lipids as a criterium for the therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial acne drugs. Studies on film masks containing ethyl lactate and ethanol (author's transl)].
PubMed: Some properties of a protease (subtilisin BPN') immobilized to porous glass.
PubMed: [Studies of the treatment of acne vulgaris using ethyl lactate. Effect of the effective agent and alcoholic base on lipids of the skin surface].
PubMed: The alpha-chymotrypsin catalyzed hydrolysis of ethyl lactate.
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