EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

ethyl lactate
propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ethyl ester

Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
CAS Number: 97-64-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-598-0
FDA UNII:F3P750VW8I
Nikkaji Web:J4.732E
Beilstein Number:1209448
MDL:MFCD00065359
CoE Number:371
XlogP3-AA:0.20 (est)
Molecular Weight:118.13230000
Formula:C5 H10 O3
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:931 ethyl lactate
JECFA Food Additive: Ethyl Lactate
FLAVIS Number:09.433 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.433 ethyl lactate
FEMA Number:2440 ethyl lactate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ETHYL LACTATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:1.02900 to 1.03700 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.562 to 8.629
Refractive Index:1.40800 to 1.42200 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -26.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 154.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:1.163000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.07 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 120.00 °F. TCC ( 48.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.039 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 isopropyl myristate
 water, 4.728e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 ether
 chloroform
 water, 1.00E+06 mg/L @ 20 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
Similar Items:note
amyl lactate
isoamyl lactate
benzyl lactate
butyl butyryl lactate
butyl lactate
isobutyl lactate
sec-butyl lactate
butyl laevo-lactate
cetyl lactate
dodecyl lactate
ethyl acetyl lactate
ethyl butyryl lactate
ethyl phenyl lactate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl lactate
hexyl lactate
laevo-menthyl lactate
menthyl methyl lactate
methyl dextro-lactate
methyl laevo-lactate
phenethyl lactate
propyl lactate
vanillyl lactate
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sharp tart fruity buttery butterscotch
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in propylene glycol. sharp tart fruity buttery butterscotch
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
sweet fruity acidic ethereal brown
Odor Description:Sweet, fruity, acidic, etherial with a brown nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 4, 51, (1993)
Flavor Type: fruity
sweet fruity creamy pineapple caramellic brown
Taste Description: at 50.00 ppm. Sweet, fruity, creamy, pineapple-like with a caramellic brown nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 4, 51, (1993)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Alfrebro
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
Odor Description:Fruity, Buttery, Butterscotch
Pell Wall Perfumes
Ethyl Lactate
Odor Description:Sweet, fruity, ethereal, buttery, butterscotch
It is worth noting that although Arctander describes this as a ‘mild’ smelling material, other commentators (including William Luebke of The Good Scents Company) have described it as having ‘high’ odour impact and this perfumer would certainly agree that while it isn’t harsh or overwhelming, it is not material you’re going to have difficulty detecting on a smelling strip.
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Aceto
Ethyl Lactate FCC
Advanced Biotech
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Fruity, Butterscotch
Alfrebro
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
Odor: Fruity, Buttery, Butterscotch
Alzo International
Dermol EL
Aurochemicals
ETHYL LACTATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ETHYL LACTATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Ethyl Lactate
Berjé
Ethyl Lactate FCC
Happening at Berje
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL LACTATE FCC
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL LACTATE FCC/USP
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL LACTATE
Creatingperfume.com
Ethyl Lactate Natural
Diffusions Aromatiques
ETHYL LACTATE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
ETHYL LACTATE
ECSA Chemicals
Ethyl Lactate Supra
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL LACTATE, NATURAL
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL LACTATE
Odor: ETHEREAL-BUTTERY, CHEESY, FRUITY
Flavor: MILD, FRUITY-ETHEREAL, BUTTERY
Excellentia International
Ethyl Lactate Natural
Fleurchem
ethyl lactate natural
Godavari Biorefineries
Ethyl Lactate 99%
Graham Chemical
Ethyl Lactate
Grau Aromatics
ETHYL-LACTATE SUPRA
NI
Indenta Group
Ethyl Lactate
Indukern F&F
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
Indukern F&F
ETHYL LACTATE
Odor: FRUITY, CARAMEL
Lluch Essence
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ETHYL LACTATE
Odor: CARAMELY, FRUITY, BURNT
M&U International
Ethyl Lactate
M&U International
NAT.ETHYL LACTATE
Moellhausen
ETHYL LACTATE
Pell Wall Perfumes
Ethyl Lactate
Odor: Sweet, fruity, ethereal, buttery, butterscotch
Use: It is worth noting that although Arctander describes this as a ‘mild’ smelling material, other commentators (including William Luebke of The Good Scents Company) have described it as having ‘high’ odour impact and this perfumer would certainly agree that while it isn’t harsh or overwhelming, it is not material you’re going to have difficulty detecting on a smelling strip.
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE ELECTRONIC GRADE, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE NATURAL FCC, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE SOLVENT GRADE, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LACTATE SYNTHETIC, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Ethyl Lactate
Perfumery Laboratory
Ethyl Lactate
Odor: Fruity, sweet, wine, sour, oily, candy, with notes of strawberry and grape
Prodasynth
ETHYL LACTATE > 98,5
Odor: ETHEREAL-BUTTERY, CHEESY, FRUITY
Flavor: MILD, FRUITY-ETHEREAL, BUTTERY
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Lactate natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Lactate
Robertet
ETHYL LACTATE (ETHYL 2-HYDROXYPROPANOATE)
Pure & Nat (EU)
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl lactate, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: butter; fruity
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl lactate, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: butter; fruity
SRS Aromatics
ETHYL LACTATE SUPRA
SRS Aromatics
ETHYL LACTATE
SysKem Chemie
Ethyl Lactate Food Grade
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Lactate >98.0%(GC)
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
Ethyl Lactate
Treatt
Ethyl Lactate
Vigon International
Ethyl Lactate Natural FCC
WEN International
ETHYL LACTATE Natural
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 10 - Flammable.
R 37 - Irritating to respiratory system.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 39 - Wear eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
8 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 8200 mg/kg
International Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 17(Suppl

oral-mouse LD50 2500 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 65, Pg. 89, 1939.

intravenous-mouse LD50 600 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 65, Pg. 89, 1939.

intramuscular-guinea pig LDLo 2605 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 76, Pg. 189, 1942.

intraperitoneal-rat LDLo 1000 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. Vol. 11, Pg. 150, 1959.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 677, 1982.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 2500 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 65, Pg. 89, 1939.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
Recommendation for ethyl lactate usage levels up to:
  12.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1600.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 760.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -71.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -5.40000
beverages(alcoholic): -1000.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 580.000003100.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -17.00000
fruit ices: -17.00000
gelatins / puddings: -8.30000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -28.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 64 (FGE.64): Consideration of aliphatic acyclic diols, triols, and related substances evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.10Rev1 (EFSA, 2008ab)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):97-64-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7344
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1192
WGK Germany:1
ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
Chemidplus:0000097643
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:OD5075000 for cas# 97-64-3
 
References:
 ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:97-64-3
Pubchem (cid):7344
Pubchem (sid):134970641
Flavornet:97-64-3
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB40735
FooDB:FDB020545
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01685
Export Tariff Code:2918.11.5100
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: technical (96%).
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
acidic
2-
ethyl butyric acid
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyric acid
FL/FR
aldehydic
citrus carbaldehyde
FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
ethyl para-anisate
FL/FR
balsamic
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
buttery
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
caramellic
maltyl propionate
FL/FR
maple furanone
FL/FR
5-
methyl furfural
FL/FR
shoyu furanone
FL/FR
cheesy
butyric acid
FL/FR
iso
valeric acid
FL/FR
chemical
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
propyl propionate
FL/FR
citrus
citral
FL/FR
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
2-
ethyl-1-hexanol
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
tetrahydromyrcenol
FR
creamy
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
cyclotene propionate
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl formate
FL/FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
fermented
ethyl (E)-2-crotonate
FL/FR
floral
acetophenone
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl anthranilate
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) russia
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) turkey
FL/FR
terpinyl valerate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
bitter
almond oil
FL/FR
iso
amyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
ethyl sorbate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl octanoate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl acetate
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
vanilla carboxylate
FL/FR
green
galbanum oil
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
eucalyptus globulus oil
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
melon
melon heptenal
FL/FR
soapy
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
spicy
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
(E)-
propyl 2-furan acrylate
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl octanoate
FL/FR
woody
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
cyclotene propionate
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
2-
ethyl butyric acid
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenoic acid
FL
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil
FL/FR
ethyl para-anisate
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
brown
5-
methyl furfural
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl acetate
FL/FR
burnt
furfuryl alcohol
FL
buttery
diacetyl
FL
caramellic
maltyl propionate
FL/FR
maple furanone
FL/FR
pyruvaldehyde
FL
shoyu furanone
FL/FR
cheesy
iso
valeric acid
FL/FR
citrus
citral
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
coffee
coffee distillates
FL
creamy
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
2-
ethyl-1-hexanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
floral
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) russia
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) turkey
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
fruity
acetyl isovaleryl
FL
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
bitter
almond oil
FL/FR
iso
amyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
citronellyl anthranilate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
ethyl sorbate
FL/FR
2-
furyl pentyl ketone
FL
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyric acid
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
methyl sorbate
FL
phenethyl octanoate
FL/FR
(E)-
propyl 2-furan acrylate
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl formate
FL/FR
propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl octanoate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
terpinyl valerate
FL/FR
vanilla carboxylate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
heptenal
FL
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
melon heptenal
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
eucalyptus globulus oil
FL/FR
honey
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
milky
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
musty
ethyl (E)-2-crotonate
FL/FR
powdery
acetophenone
FL/FR
powdery ketone
FL
ripe
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
rummy
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
sour
butyric acid
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-2-pentenoic acid
FL
spicy
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
S-
ethyl thioacetate
FL
sweet
acetone alcohol
FL
tropical
propyl propionate
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
woody
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRalmond
FRapple
 apple crabapple
FRapple green apple
 beer bantu beer
 bread white bread
FRbutterscotch
FLcaramel
FLcheese
FRcherry
FLcherry maraschino cherry
FLchervil
 chestnut blossom
 chocolate cocoa
 cider
FL/FRcilantro
FRclary sage oil replacer
 cloudberry bakeapple
FRcoconut
FRcognac
FRcologne
FRcranberry
FRdogwood
 ethereal
FRfig
FRgrape
FRgrapefruit
FLhorseradish
FRivy
FRlychee
FLmustard
FLnut
FL/FRorange bitter orange peel
FRpalmarosa oil replacer
FRpatchouli
 pea green pea
 pear brandy
 peel
FLpepper tabasco pepper
FRpineapple
 plum brandy
FLplum greengage plum
 radish
FRrhubarb
FRsaffron
FLsaki
 sauerkraut
FRsherry
FRspruce
FRstrawberry
 strawberry leaf
FLvinegar
FLwasabi
 watercress nasturtium
FRwormwood oil replacer
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple fruit
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 apricot fruit
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 chicken
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 cocoa
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 grape
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 pineapple fruit
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 plum fruit
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit
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 tea leaf
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 wine
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Synonyms:
 actylol
 acytol
 ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
 ethyl 2-hydroxypropionate
 ethyl alpha-hydroxypropionate
 ethyl lactate (ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate)
 ethyl lactate (natural)
 ethyl lactate electronic grade
 ethyl lactate FCC
 ethyl lactate FCC natural
 ethyl lactate natural
 ethyl lactate natural fcc
 ethyl lactate solvent grade
 ethyl lactate synthetic
 ethyl-lactate supra
2-hydroxypropanoic acid ethyl ester
2-hydroxypropionic acid ethyl ester
 lactic acid ethyl ester
 propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ethyl ester
 solactol
 

Articles:

PubMed:Development of a hybrid fermentation-enzymatic bioprocess for the production of ethyl lactate from dairy waste.
PubMed:Discrimination of varietal wines according to their volatiles.
PubMed:In situ Metabolic Characteristic Analysis Reveals the Key Yeast in the Spontaneous and Solid-state Fermentation Process of Chinese Light-style Liquor.
PubMed:Combining mass spectrometry diagnostic and density functional theory calculations for a better understanding of the plasma polymerization of ethyl lactate.
PubMed:Melamine and melamine-formaldehyde polymers as ligands for palladium and application to Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions in sustainable solvents.
PubMed:Effect of alcohol aggregation on the retention factors of chiral solutes with an amylose-based sorbent: modeling and implications for the adsorption mechanism.
PubMed:Application of High-Resolution MALDI-TOFMS with a Spiral Ion Trajectory for the Structural Characterization of Free Radical Polymerized Methacrylate Ester Copolymers.
PubMed:Canine superficial bacterial folliculitis: current understanding of its etiology, diagnosis and treatment.
PubMed:Characterization of aroma compounds of Chinese famous liquors by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and flash GC electronic-nose.
PubMed:Effect of five enological practices and of the general phenolic composition on fermentation-related aroma compounds in Mencia young red wines.
PubMed:Comparative volatile profiles in soy sauce according to inoculated microorganisms.
PubMed:Investigation of the impacts of ethyl lactate based Fenton treatment on soil quality for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)-contaminated soils.
PubMed:Chiral recognition mechanism of acyloin-containing chiral solutes by amylose tris[(S)-α-methylbenzylcarbamate].
PubMed:Eco-solvents--cluster-formation, surfactantless microemulsions and facilitated hydrotropy.
PubMed:A four-component synthetic attractant for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) isolated from fermented bait headspace.
PubMed:Reductive degradation of oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using an activated magnesium/co-solvent system.
PubMed:More evidence on the control of reverse micelles sizes. Combination of different techniques as a powerful tool to monitor AOT reversed micelles properties.
PubMed:Fermentative aroma compounds and sensory profiles of Godello and Albariño wines as influenced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strains.
PubMed:Residual antibacterial activity of dog hairs after therapy with antimicrobial shampoos.
PubMed:Multivariate evaluation and optimization of an activated-magnesium/co-solvent system for the reductive degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
PubMed:Performance evaluation of Pichia kluyveri, Kluyveromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in industrial tequila fermentation.
PubMed:Asymmetric synthesis and anti-protozoal activity of the 8,4'-oxyneolignans virolin, surinamensin and analogues.
PubMed:Rheological behavior of xanthan gum solution related to shear thinning fluid delivery for subsurface remediation.
PubMed:Redox effect on volatile compound formation in wine during fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Identification and field evaluation of fermentation volatiles from wine and vinegar that mediate attraction of spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii.
PubMed:Total synthesis of (-)-orthodiffenes A and C.
PubMed:Mobile decontamination units-room for improvement?
PubMed:Investigating high-concentration monoclonal antibody powder suspension in nonaqueous suspension vehicles for subcutaneous injection.
PubMed:Buffer gas modifiers effect resolution in ion mobility spectrometry through selective ion-molecule clustering reactions.
PubMed:Modular polylactic acid microparticle-based scaffolds prepared via microfluidic emulsion/solvent displacement process: fabrication, characterization, and in vitro mesenchymal stem cells interaction study.
PubMed:Asymmetric synthesis and CD investigation of the 1,4-benzodioxane lignans eusiderins A, B, C, G, L, and M.
PubMed:Fast and selective sugar conversion to alkyl lactate and lactic acid with bifunctional carbon-silica catalysts.
PubMed:Aroma chemical composition of red wines from different price categories and its relationship to quality.
PubMed:Effect of co-inoculation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Lactobacillus fermentum on the quality of the distilled sugar cane beverage cachaça.
PubMed:Preparation of biodegradable polylactide microparticles via a biocompatible procedure.
PubMed:Biodegradation of semiconductor volatile organic compounds by four novel bacterial strains: a kinetic analysis.
PubMed:Cyclosporin pro-dispersion liposphere formulation.
PubMed:Evaluation of solubility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ethyl lactate/water versus ethanol/water mixtures for contaminated soil remediation applications.
PubMed:De novo synthesis of L-colitose and L-rhodinose building blocks.
PubMed:Comparative metabolic profiling to investigate the contribution of O. oeni MLF starter cultures to red wine composition.
PubMed:Evaluation of factors influencing the enantioselective enzymatic esterification of lactic acid in ionic liquid.
PubMed:Syntheses and characterization of copper(II) carboxylate dimers formed from enantiopure ligands containing a strong π···π stacking synthon: enantioselective single-crystal to single-crystal gas/solid-mediated transformations.
PubMed:Comparative in vitro efficacy of antimicrobial shampoos: a pilot study.
PubMed:Evaluation of different Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains on the profile of volatile compounds and polyphenols in cherry wines.
PubMed:Characterization of odor-active compounds of various cherry wines by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, gas chromatography-olfactometry and their correlation with sensory attributes.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of chiral compounds containing cationic groups as chiral dopants in liquid crystals.
PubMed:Chemical and sensory changes in fresh cider spirits during maturation in inert containers.
PubMed:Copper(II) carboxylate tetramers formed from an enantiopure ligand containing a π-stacking supramolecular synthon: single-crystal to single-crystal enantioselective ligand exchange.
PubMed:Responses of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus adults to selected synthetic palm esters: electroantennographic studies and trap catches in an urban environment.
PubMed:Relationship between changes in the total concentration of acetic acid bacteria and major volatile compounds during the acetic acid fermentation of white wine.
PubMed:Ethyl lactate-EDTA composite system enhances the remediation of the cadmium-contaminated soil by autochthonous willow (Salix x aureo-pendula CL 'J1011') in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
PubMed:An attempt towards simultaneous biobased solvent based extraction of proteins and enzymatic saccharification of cellulosic materials from distiller's grains and solubles.
PubMed:Immobilization of Candida antarctica lipase B by adsorption in organic medium.
PubMed:Indole derivatives from a marine sponge-derived yeast as DPPH radical scavengers.
PubMed:Insights into the ethyl lactate + water mixed solvent.
PubMed:Ethyl lactate enhances ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid solution removal of copper from contaminated soils.
PubMed:Simultaneous removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and copper from soils using ethyl lactate-amended EDDS solution.
PubMed:A poly(D,L-lactide) resin for the preparation of tissue engineering scaffolds by stereolithography.
PubMed:Efficient synthesis of enantiomeric ethyl lactate by Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB)-displaying yeasts.
PubMed:Carotenoid extraction from plants using a novel, environmentally friendly solvent.
PubMed:Effects of elevated CO2 on grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.): volatile composition, phenolic content, and in vitro antioxidant activity of red wine.
PubMed:Enhanced oral bioavailability of puerarin using microemulsion vehicle.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic characteristics and application studies of the stationary phase of CH-B-15-C-5.
PubMed:Ethyl pyruvate and ethyl lactate down-regulate the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and modulate expression of immune receptors.
PubMed:Quantitative ester analysis in cachaca and distilled spirits by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
PubMed:The tandem ring-closing metathesis-isomerization approach to 6-deoxyglycals.
PubMed:Monomer versus alcohol activation in the 4-dimethylaminopyridine-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of lactide and lactic O-carboxylic anhydride.
PubMed:Laboratory investigation of flux reduction from dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) partial source zone remediation by enhanced dissolution.
PubMed:Homochiral laminar europium metal-organic framework with unprecedented giant dielectric anisotropy.
PubMed:Multiferroic homochiral metal-organic framework.
PubMed:Ethyl pyruvate, a potentially effective mitigator of damage after total-body irradiation.
PubMed:Design of concise, scalable route to a cholecystokinin 1 (CCK 1) receptor antagonist.
PubMed:Determination of volatile compounds in cider spirits by gas chromatography with direct injection.
PubMed:Sucrose acetate isobutyrate as an in situ forming system for sustained risperidone release.
PubMed:[Rheological properties of sucrose acetate isobutyrate in situ gel].
PubMed:Evaluation of kinetic parameters for enzymatic interesterification synthesis of L-ascorbyl lactate by response surface methodology.
PubMed:Cardiovascular effects of selected water-miscible solvents for pharmaceutical injections and embolization materials: a comparative hemodynamic study using a sheep model.
PubMed:Fluorescence spectroscopy of jet-cooled chiral (+/-)-indan-1-ol and its cluster with (+/-)-methyl- and ethyl-lactate.
PubMed:Organic solvents as vehicles for precipitating liquid embolics: a comparative angiotoxicity study with superselective injections of swine rete mirabile.
PubMed:Quantification of selected volatile constituents and anions in Mexican Agave spirits (Tequila, Mezcal, Sotol, Bacanora).
PubMed:Clinical and instrumental evaluation of skin improvement after treatment with a new 50% pyruvic acid peel.
PubMed:Lipase-catalyzed transformations for the synthesis of butyl lactate: a comparison between esterification and transesterification.
PubMed:NMR spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF MS characterisation of end-functionalised PVP oligomers prepared with different esters as chain transfer agents.
PubMed:Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes.
PubMed:Chiral recognition between lactic acid derivatives and an aromatic alcohol in a supersonic expansion: electronic and vibrational spectroscopy.
PubMed:Characterization of volatile compounds of Mezcal, an ethnic alcoholic beverage obtained from Agave salmiana.
PubMed:Changes in the concentration of yeast-derived volatile compounds of red wine during malolactic fermentation with four commercial starter cultures of Oenococcus oeni.
PubMed:Volatile composition and sensory characters of commercial Galician orujo spirits.
PubMed:Oxoester oxidoreductase activities in new isolates of Pichia anomala from apple, grape and cane juices.
PubMed:Dissociation of gas-phase dimeric complexes of lactic acid and transition-metal ions formed under electrospray ionization conditions; the role of reduction of the metal ion.
PubMed:Biocatalysis using an organic-soluble enzyme for the preparation of poly(lactic acid) in organic solvents.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic quantification of major volatile compounds and polyols in wine by direct injection.
PubMed:End-functionalised 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone oligomers bearing lactate functions at one end.
PubMed:Reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene by a mixed bacterial culture growing on ethyl lactate.
PubMed:Opportunities in the industrial biobased products industry.
PubMed:The potential of organic-based amylose-ethylcellulose film coatings as oral colon-specific drug delivery systems.
PubMed:Self-organization of lactates in the gas phase.
PubMed:Determination of enantiomeric excess using the ultraviolet-circular dichroism and the high-performance liquid chromatography-circular dichroism methods.
PubMed:Biorefinery.
PubMed:Different multidimensional chromatographic approaches applied to the study of wine malolactic fermentation.
PubMed:Effects of an ethyl lactate shampoo in conjunction with a systemic antibiotic in the treatment of canine superficial bacterial pyoderma in an open-label, nonplacebo-controlled study.
PubMed:[Preparation and evaluation of in-situ synthesis zeolite gas-liquid modified columns].
PubMed:[Study on mixed stationary phase composed of 2,3,6-tributyl-beta-cyclodextrin and AgNO3 for capillary gas chromatography].
PubMed:[Preparation of gas chromatographic capillary columns with beta-cyclodextrin polymer stationary phase modified with methyl phenyl silicone(OV-17)].
PubMed:Unexpected change of the sense of the enantioselective hydrogenation of ethyl pyruvate catalyzed by a Pt-alumina-cinchona alkaloid system.
PubMed:Straightforward synthesis of two pairs of enantiomeric butenolides 3-tetradecyl- and 3-hexadecyl-5-methyl-2(5H)-furanone.
PubMed:The occurrence of malolactic fermentation in brandy base wine and its influence on brandy quality.
PubMed:Generation of roasted notes based on 2-acetyl-2-thiazoline and its precursor, 2-(1-hydroxyethyl)-4,5-dihydrothiazole, by combined bio and thermal approaches.
PubMed:Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O.
PubMed:Volatile components of Loureira, Dona Branca, and Treixadura wines.
PubMed:Stereoselective Synthesis of Highly Functionalized Cyclopropanes. Application to the Asymmetric Synthesis of (1S,2S)-2,3-Methanoamino Acids.
PubMed:Enantioselective syntheses of monotetrahydrofuran Annonaceous acetogenins tonkinecin and annonacin starting from carbohydrates.
PubMed:Sonochemical enantioselective hydrogenation of ethyl pyruvate over platinum catalysts.
PubMed:Comparative hemolytic activity of undiluted organic water-miscible solvents for intravenous and intra-arterial injection.
PubMed:Organic solvents for pharmaceutical parenterals and embolic liquids: a review of toxicity data.
PubMed:Total synthesis of (+)-blastmycinone, (-)-litsenolide C1, and related natural trisubstituted lactones via alkynyltungsten compounds.
PubMed:The properties of amylose-ethylcellulose films cast from organic-based solvents as potential coatings for colonic drug delivery.
PubMed:Yeast influence on volatile composition of wines.
PubMed:Personal decontamination after exposure to stimulated liquid phase contaminants: functional assessment of a new unit.
PubMed:Safety assessment of lactate esters.
PubMed:Chiral discrimination using piezoelectric and optical gas sensors.
PubMed:Synthesis and pharmacological characterization of enantiomerically pure muscarinic agonists: difluoromuscarines.
PubMed:Increased mutagenesis mediated by cloned plasmid CAM-OCT genes: potential for expanding substrate ranges of Pseudomonas spp.
PubMed:Inhibition of pig liver esterase by trifluoromethyl ketones: modulators of the catalytic reaction alter inhibition kinetics.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to ethyl lactate.
PubMed:Ethyl lactate-ethanol-water cosolvent for intravenous theophylline.
PubMed:The mode of action of ethyl lactate as a treatment for acne.
PubMed:Direct separation of alpha-hydroxycarboxylic acid ester enantiomers by gas chromatography with optically active copper(II) complexes.
PubMed:Reduction of oral tetracycline of lipolysis of triglycerides in hair lipid.
PubMed:[Clinical evaluation of a topical ethyl lactate treatment of acne vulgaris (author's transl)].
PubMed:[Analytical characterization of varietal wines and aging phenomena].
PubMed:[Experimental clinical study on the effect of ethyl lactate on lipolytic activity of the skin and cutaneous adipose tissue].
PubMed:[On the reduction of free fatty acids in skin surface lipids as a criterium for the therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial acne drugs. Studies on film masks containing ethyl lactate and ethanol (author's transl)].
PubMed:Some properties of a protease (subtilisin BPN') immobilized to porous glass.
PubMed:[Studies of the treatment of acne vulgaris using ethyl lactate. Effect of the effective agent and alcoholic base on lipids of the skin surface].
PubMed:The alpha-chymotrypsin catalyzed hydrolysis of ethyl lactate.
 
Notes:
Present in cabbage, peas, vinegar, bread, roasted chicken, butter, blackberry, pineapple, raspberry and various wines and spirits. Flavouring agent Ethyl lactate, also known as lactic acid ethyl ester, is a monobasic ester formed from lactic acid and ethanol, commonly used as a solvent. This compound is considered biodegradable and can be used as a water-rinsable degreaser. Ethyl lactate is found naturally in small quantities in a wide variety of foods including wine, chicken, and various fruits. The odor of ethyl lactate when dilute is mild, buttery, creamy, with hints of fruit and coconut.
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