EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

butyl lactate
propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, butyl ester

Supplier Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:butyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
CAS Number: 138-22-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:126872-21-7
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:205-316-4
FDA UNII:0UI63W814U
Nikkaji Web:J39.933G
Beilstein Number:1721597
MDL:MFCD00004519
CoE Number:372
XlogP3-AA:1.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:146.18618000
Formula:C7 H14 O3
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:butyl dextro-lactate
 butyl laevo-lactate
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:932 butyl lactate
FLAVIS Number:09.434 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.434 butyl lactate
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:butyl lactate
FEMA Number:2205 butyl lactate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):138-22-7 ; BUTYL LACTATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: -28.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 186.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 76.00 °C. @ 6.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.400000 mmHg @ 20.00 °C.
Flash Point: 157.00 °F. TCC ( 69.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.980 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 paraffin oil
 water, 4.00E+04 mg/L @ 20 °C (exp)
Similar Items:note
amyl lactate
isoamyl lactate
benzyl lactate
butyl butyryl lactate
isobutyl lactate
sec-butyl lactate
butyl laevo-lactate
cetyl lactate
dodecyl lactate
ethyl acetyl lactate
ethyl butyryl lactate
ethyl lactate
ethyl phenyl lactate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl lactate
hexyl lactate
laevo-menthyl lactate
menthyl methyl lactate
methyl dextro-lactate
methyl laevo-lactate
phenethyl lactate
propyl lactate
vanillyl lactate
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: creamy
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:12 hour(s) at 100.00 %
creamy fruity fermented mushroom waxy
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. creamy fruity fermented mushroom waxy
creamy dairy milky earthy ketonic waxy lactonic vanilla cheesy
Odor Description:Creamy, dairy, milky, earthy, ketonic, waxy, lactonic, vanilla and cheesy
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 1, 33, (1998)
Flavor Type: dairy
dairy creamy milky coconut nutty
Taste Description: at 20.00 ppm. Dairy, creamy, milky, coconut and nutty
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 1, 33, (1998)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
BUTYL LACTATE NATURAL
96.5% min.
Odor: Sweet, creamy, milky
Alfrebro
n-BUTYL LACTATE NATURAL
Odor: Creamy, Milky, Sweet, Mushroom
Ambles Nature et Chimie
BUTYL LACTATE NAT
Augustus Oils
Butyl Lactate
Services
Aurochemicals
BUTYL LACTATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
N-BUTYL LACTATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Butyl lactate
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Butyl Lactate
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl Lactate
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl L-lactate
Charkit Chemical
BUTYL LACTATE
CJ Latta & Associates
BUTYL LACTATE
Creatingperfume.com
Butyl Lactate
Odor: Faint buttery, fruity odor, caramel undertone
ECSA Chemicals
Butyl Lactate
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
BUTYL LACTATE
Odor: MILD,FRUITY,BUTTERY,CARAMELLIC
Excellentia International
Butyl Lactate, n- Natural
Fleurchem
butyl lactate natural
Grau Aromatics
BUTYL-LACTATE
NI, Kosher
Indukern F&F
BUTYL LACTATE
Inoue Perfumery
BUTYL LACTATE
Kingchem Laboratories
BUTYL LACTATE SYNTHETIC
Odor: Faint buttery, fruity odor, caramellic undertones
Lluch Essence
BUTYL LACTATE
Odor: FRUITY, BURNT
M&U International
BUTYL LACTATE
M&U International
NAT. BUTYL LACTATE
Penta International
BUTYL LACTATE NATURAL
Penta International
BUTYL LACTATE
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Butyl Lactate
Reincke & Fichtner
Butyl Lactate
Sigma-Aldrich
Butyl (S)-(-)-lactate ≥97%, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Silverline Chemicals
Butyl Lactate
SRS Aromatics
BUTYL LACTATE
Odor: Creamy, Dairy, Milky, Earthy, Ketonic, Waxy, Iactonic, Vanilla, Cheesy
Sunaux International
L-Butyl Lactate
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl Lactate >98.0%(GC)
Vigon International
Butyl Lactate Natural
Vigon International
Butyl Lactate
WholeChem
Butyl lactate
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
1 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 727, 1979.

oral-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
International Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 17

oral-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
International Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 17(Suppl

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 727, 1979.

subcutaneous-rat LD50 12000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 727, 1979.

subcutaneous-mouse LDLo 11000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: FLACCID PARALYSIS WITHOUT ANESTHESIA (USUALLY NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKAGE)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 727, 1979.

subcutaneous-rat LD50 12000 mg/kg
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 15, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for butyl lactate usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 320.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 24.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -7.70000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.66000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.80000
fruit ices: -2.80000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -6.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 64 (FGE.64): Consideration of aliphatic acyclic diols, triols, and related substances evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.10Rev1 (EFSA, 2008ab)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):138-22-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :8738
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
butyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
Chemidplus:0000138227
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:138-22-7
 
References:
 butyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:138-22-7
Pubchem (cid):8738
Pubchem (sid):134973918
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB40254
FooDB:FDB019971
Export Tariff Code:2918.19.9000
Haz-Map:View
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grade: technical, 95% min. •the commercial grade contains condensation products and its physical and chemical properties will vary
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
acidic
iso
butyric acid
FL/FR
alcoholic
fusel oil
FL/FR
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
balsamic
(E)-
benzyl tiglate
FL/FR
buttery
acetoin
FL/FR
apple butter fragrance
FR
butyl butyryl lactate
FL/FR
caramellic
levulinic acid
FL/FR
cheesy
butyric acid
FL/FR
heptanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL/FR
iso
valeric acid
FL/FR
coconut
coconut decanone methyl
FR
delta-
decalactone
FL/FR
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
coumarinic
epsilon-
decalactone
FL/FR
creamy
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
para-
vanillic acid
FL/FR
para-
vanillyl alcohol
FL/FR
earthy
dibenzyl ether
FL/FR
1-
nonen-3-ol
FL/FR
3-
octanol
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-one
FL/FR
fatty
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
fermented
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
ethyl crotonate
FL/FR
floral
6,8-
dimethyl-2-nonanol
FR
herbal pyran
FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
nonyl octanoate
FL/FR
octyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl butyl ether
FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde ethylene glycol acetal
FR
tuberolide
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl lactate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
banana fragrance
FR
blackberry vanilla fragrance
FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
methyl (Z)-5-octenoate
FL/FR
octyl propionate
FL/FR
(R)-delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
fungal
1-
decen-3-ol
FL/FR
methyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
green
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
melon acetal
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
syringaldehyde
FL/FR
herbal
delta-
hexalactone
FL/FR
3-
octanone
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl furoate
FL/FR
mushroom
3-
octen-2-ol
FL/FR
(R)-1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl butyrate
FL/FR
sweet
vanilla oleoresin bali
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
waxy
butyl laurate
FL/FR
5(6)-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
methyl laurate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
yeasty
2-
octen-4-one
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
iso
amyl lactate
FL/FR
3-
hydroxy-4-phenyl-2-butanone
FL
massoia bark oil
FL
tris(
methyl thio) methane
FL
nonyl octanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
penten-1-ol
FL
2-
pentyl-1-buten-3-one
FL
phenethyl furoate
FL/FR
(R)-delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
iso
butyric acid
FL/FR
levulinic acid
FL/FR
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
balsamic
(E)-
benzyl tiglate
FL/FR
berry
berries & cream flavor
FL
buttery
butter crème flavor
FL
creamy
butter flavor
FL
butter flavor
FL
brown
butter flavor
FL
butter honey flavor
FL
butter lemon flavor
FL
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
diacetyl
FL
ghee flavor
FL
caramellic
butter caramel flavor
FL
caramel cream flavor
FL
creme brulee flavor
FL
methyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
pyruvaldehyde
FL
cheesy
cheddar
cheese flavor
FL
cheese flavor
FL
blue
cheese flavor
FL
methyl ketones
FL
iso
valeric acid
FL/FR
cocoa
syringaldehyde
FL/FR
coconut
delta-
decalactone
FL/FR
(R)-
massoia lactone
FL
creamy
acetoin
FL/FR
butyl butyryl lactate
FL/FR
cream enhancers
FL
custard flavor
FL
5(6)-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
dihydrocoumarin
FL
divanillin
FL
delta-
hexalactone
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
massoia lactone
FL
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
triacetin
FL
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
para-
vanillic acid
FL/FR
para-
vanillyl alcohol
FL/FR
dairy
cream flavor
FL
sour
cream flavor
FL
dairy flavor
FL
methyl (Z)-5-octenoate
FL/FR
earthy
1-
decen-3-ol
FL/FR
1-
nonen-3-ol
FL/FR
1,8-
octane dithiol
FL
1-
octen-3-one
FL/FR
estery
octyl propionate
FL/FR
fatty
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfoxide
FL
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
fermented
methyl thio isovalerate
FL
fruity
acetyl isovaleryl
FL
apricot cream flavor
FL
banana custard flavor
FL
banana nut cream flavor
FL
banana split flavor
FL
blueberry cheesecake flavor
FL
cherry cream flavor
FL
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
dibenzyl ether
FL/FR
fusel oil
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
green
heptanal 2,3-butane diol acetal
FL
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
melon acetal
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
lactonic
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
milky
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-3-(
methyl thio) butanone
FL
mushroom
3-
octanone
FL/FR
3-
octen-2-ol
FL/FR
(R)-1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl butyrate
FL/FR
musty
3-
octanol
FL/FR
oily
2-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL/FR
rummy
ethyl crotonate
FL/FR
sour
butyric acid
FL/FR
spicy
para-
anisyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
cinnamon butter flavor
FL
egg nog flavor
FL
sulfurous
1-(
methyl thio)-2-butanone
FL
2-
naphthyl mercaptan
FL
sweet
dulce de leche flavor
FL
vanilla oleoresin bali
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla
ice cream flavor
FL
vanillyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
octen-4-one
FL/FR
waxy
butyl laurate
FL/FR
epsilon-
decalactone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
heptanoic acid
FL/FR
methyl laurate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
octyl 2-furoate
FL
octyl acetate
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
tuberolide
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLcaramel
FRcoconut
FRcream
FLfat
FLmilk
FLnut
FRtoffee
FRvanilla
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 cider
Search PMC Picture
 cognac
Search PMC Picture
 wine white wine
Search Picture
 
Synonyms:
 butyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
 butyl alpha-hydroxypropionoate
N-butyl lactate
 butyl lactate natural
N-butyl lactate natural
 butyl lactate synthetic
 butyl lactate, natural
 butyl-lactate
2-hydroxypropanoic acid butyl ester
 lactic acid butyl ester
 propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, butyl ester
 

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Notes:
Flavouring agent
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