EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

glyceryl tributyrate
tributyrin

Supplier Sponsors

Name:1,3-di(butanoyloxy)propan-2-yl butanoate
CAS Number: 60-01-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-451-5
FDA UNII:S05LZ624MF
Nikkaji Web:J4.798H
Beilstein Number:1714746
MDL:MFCD00009392
CoE Number:747
XlogP3-AA:2.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:302.36742000
Formula:C15 H26 O6
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavoring agents and adjuvants
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:922 tributyrin
FLAVIS Number:09.211 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.211 glyceryl tributyrate
FEMA Number:2223 tributyrin
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):60-01-5 ; GLYCEROL TRIBUTYRATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1903 Tributyrin.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.03300 to 1.03600 @ 20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.606 to 8.631
Refractive Index:1.43500 to 1.43800 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -75.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 287.00 to 288.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 190.00 °C. @ 15.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 5.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.001000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 345.00 °F. TCC ( 173.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.951 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 ether
 water, 133 mg/L @ 37 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: cheesy
Odor Strength:medium
cheesy waxy creamy fatty
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. cheese waxy creamy fatty
cheesy waxy fatty acidic
Odor Description:Cheese, waxy, fatty, acidic
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 24, No. 2, 49, (1999)
Flavor Type: bitter
bitter waxy fatty cheesy buttery
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Bitter, waxy, fatty, cheese and butter nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 24, No. 2, 49, (1999)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Sigma-Aldrich
Tributyrin, 97%, FG
Odor Description:caramel; creamy; fatty
Prodasynth
GLYCERIN BUTYRATE (> 98%)
Odor Description:CHEESE, WAXY, CREAMY, FATTY
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Allan Chemical
Tributyrin
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Tributyrin
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
Glycerol tributyrate
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Tributyrate
Odor: Cheese, waxy, fatty, acidic, Creamy
Parchem
Glyceryl Tributyrate
Penta International
TRIBUTYRIN FCC
Penta International
TRIBUTYRIN
Prodasynth
GLYCERIN BUTYRATE
(> 98%)
Odor: CHEESE, WAXY, CREAMY, FATTY
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Glyceryl Tributyrate
Sigma-Aldrich
Tributyrin, 97%, FG
Odor: caramel; creamy; fatty
Certified Food Grade Products
Synerzine
Tri-n-butyrin
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Tributyrin >98.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 3200 mg/kg
Kodak Company Reports. Vol. 21MAY1971

oral-mouse LD50 12800 mg/kg
Kodak Company Reports. Vol. 21MAY1971

intravenous-mouse LD50 320 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. Vol. 40, Pg. 338, 1957.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC > 75 ppm/6H
Kodak Company Reports. Vol. 21MAY1971

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents and adjuvants
Recommendation for glyceryl tributyrate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 27.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 2.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -290.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.10000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: 2.0000050.00000
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.04000
fruit ices: -0.04000
gelatins / puddings: -0.36000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 0.330001000.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 64 (FGE.64): Consideration of aliphatic acyclic diols, triols, and related substances evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.10Rev1 (EFSA, 2008ab)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):60-01-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :6050
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
1,3-di(butanoyloxy)propan-2-yl butanoate
Chemidplus:0000060015
RTECS:ET7350000 for cas# 60-01-5
 
References:
 1,3-di(butanoyloxy)propan-2-yl butanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:60-01-5
Pubchem (cid):6050
Pubchem (sid):134972768
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C13870
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB31094
FooDB:FDB003099
Export Tariff Code:2917.19.7050
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•purity: not less than 99% of c15h26o6. •grades: technical; fcc.
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
acidic
iso
butyric acid
FL/FR
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyric acid
FL/FR
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
tridecanal
FL/FR
buttery
acetyl propionyl
FL/FR
butyl butyryl lactate
FL/FR
2,3-
heptane dione
FL/FR
caramellic
levulinic acid
FL/FR
cheesy
butyric acid
FL/FR
heptanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL/FR
S-(
methyl thio) butyrate
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeric acid
FL/FR
2-
methyl-2-hexenoic acid
FR
citrus
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
creamy
creamy lactone
FL/FR
waxy lactone
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
hexanoic acid
FL/FR
delta-
juniper lactone
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
nonenal
CS
octanoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
benzyl lactate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl laurate
FL/FR
decanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
(±)-4-
ethyl octanal
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
fresh
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
filbert hexenone
FL/FR
4-
heptanone
FL/FR
methyl 4-methyl valerate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
heptyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
herbal
butyl levulinate
FL/FR
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
musk
iso
ambrettolide
FL/FR
nutty
nutty quinoxaline
FL/FR
oily
amyl laurate
FL/FR
soapy
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
tonka
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl heptanoic acid
FL/FR
methyl myristate
FL/FR
methyl palmitate
FL/FR
methyl undecanoate
FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
nonanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
palmitic acid
FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
amyl laurate
FL/FR
benzyl lactate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl cyclohexyl carboxylate
FL
(±)-4-
ethyl octanal
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadien-1-ol
FL
(Z)-3-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenoic acid
FL
5-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL
methyl myristate
FL/FR
methyl palmitate
FL/FR
4-
methyl valeric acid
FL
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
iso
butyric acid
FL/FR
levulinic acid
FL/FR
bitter
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
buttery
2,3-
heptane dione
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeric acid
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenoic acid
FL
cheesy
hexanoic acid
FL/FR
citrus
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
creamy
acetoin butyrate
FL
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
butyl butyryl lactate
FL/FR
creamy lactone
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
2-
methyl-4-pentenoic acid
FL
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
waxy lactone
FL/FR
dairy
4-
pentenoic acid
FL
ethereal
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfoxide
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
dodecadienal
FL
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
heptyl formate
FL/FR
delta-
juniper lactone
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
nonanoic acid
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
undecadienal
FL
fermented
methyl thio isovalerate
FL
floral
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
filbert hexenone
FL/FR
4-
heptanone
FL/FR
methyl 4-methyl valerate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyric acid
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
greasy
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
green
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal
FL/FR
herbal
butyl levulinate
FL/FR
meaty
2-
methyl 3-(methyl thio) furan
FL
musk
iso
ambrettolide
FL/FR
musty
S-(
methyl thio) butyrate
FL/FR
nutty
nutty quinoxaline
FL/FR
oily
2-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL/FR
ripe
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
octanoic acid
FL/FR
sour
butyric acid
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-2-pentenoic acid
FL
3-
methyl valeric acid
FL
sulfurous
methyl 4-(methyl thio) butyrate
FL
sweet
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
toasted
acetyl propionyl
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl laurate
FL/FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
heptanoic acid
FL/FR
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl heptanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-furoate
FL
tridecanal
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLbutterscotch
FLcaramel
FLcheese
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 butanoic acid 1,2,3-propane triyl ester
 butanoic acid 1,2,3-propanetriyl ester
 butanoic acid, 1,2,3-propanetriyl ester
 butyric acid 2-butyryloxy-1-butyryloxymethyl-ethyl ester
 butyric acid triester with glycerin
 butyrin
 butyryl triglyceride
1,3-di(butanoyloxy)propan-2-yl butanoate
 glycerin tributyrate
 glycerol tributanoate
 glycerol tributyrate
 glycerol tributyrin
 propane-1,2,3-triyl tributanoate
1,2,3-propanetriyl tributanoate
1,2,3-propanetriyl tributyrate
 tri-N-butyrin
 tributyrin
 tributyrl glyceride
1,2,3-tributyrylglycerol
 

Articles:

PubMed:Production and characterization of a tributyrin esterase from Lactobacillus plantarum suitable for cheese lipolysis.
J-Stage:A Novel Alkaline Esterase from Sporosarcina sp. nov. Strain eSP04 Catalyzing the Hydrolysis of a Wide Variety of Aryl-carboxylic Acid Esters
PubMed:A novel esterase gene cloned from a metagenomic library from neritic sediments of the South China Sea.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of a pregastric esterase from a hygienized kid rennet paste.
PubMed:Purification and partial characterization of psychrotrophic Serratia marcescens lipase.
PubMed:Comparative proteome profiling of bovine and human Staphylococcus epidermidis strains for screening specifically expressed virulence and adaptation proteins.
PubMed:Preparation of low calorie structured lipids catalyzed by 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-5-ene(TBD)-functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 silica in a heterogeneous manner.
PubMed:The chemopreventive activity of the histone deacetylase inhibitor tributyrin in colon carcinogenesis involves the induction of apoptosis and reduction of DNA damage.
PubMed:Dietary supplementation with tributyrin alleviates intestinal injury in piglets challenged with intrarectal administration of acetic acid.
PubMed:Transcriptomic responses provide a new mechanistic basis for the chemopreventive effects of folic acid and tributyrin in rat liver carcinogenesis.
PubMed:Encapsulation of mixtures of tuna oil, tributyrin and resveratrol in a spray dried powder formulation.
PubMed:Isolation and biochemical characterization of Bacillus pumilus lipases from the Antarctic.
PubMed:The chemopreventive activity of the butyric acid prodrug tributyrin in experimental rat hepatocarcinogenesis is associated with p53 acetylation and activation of the p53 apoptotic signaling pathway.
PubMed:Lipolysis within single culture and co-culture biofilms of dairy origin.
PubMed:Molecular cloning of a novel bioH gene from an environmental metagenome encoding a carboxylesterase with exceptional tolerance to organic solvents.
PubMed:Anticarcinogenic actions of tributyrin, a butyric acid prodrug.
PubMed:Biotechnological and safety characterization of Enterococcus lactis, a recently described species of dairy origin.
PubMed:[Gene cloning, expression and characterization of two cold-adapted lipases from Penicillium sp. XMZ-9].
PubMed:Cloning, sequencing, and characterization of lipase genes from a polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-synthesizing Pseudomonas resinovorans.
PubMed:Tributyrin attenuates obesity-associated inflammation and insulin resistance in high-fat-fed mice.
PubMed:Characterization of lipases from Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from human facial sebaceous skin.
PubMed:Enzymatically catalyzed synthesis of low-calorie structured lipid in a solvent-free system: optimization by response surface methodology.
PubMed:Butyrate delivered by butyrylated starch increases distal colonic epithelial apoptosis in carcinogen-treated rats.
PubMed:Expression of active recombinant human gastric lipase in Nicotiana benthamiana using the CPMV-HT transient expression system.
PubMed:Construction of the yeast whole-cell Rhizopus oryzae lipase biocatalyst with high activity.
PubMed:Changes in psychrotrophic microbial populations during milk creaming to produce Grana Trentino cheese.
PubMed:Site-specific saturation mutagenesis on residues 132 and 450 of Candida rugosa LIP2 enhances catalytic efficiency and alters substrate specificity in various chain lengths of triglycerides and esters.
PubMed:Preparation of a whole-cell biocatalyst of Aspergillus niger lipase and its practical properties.
PubMed:Design of nano-laminated coatings to control bioavailability of lipophilic food components.
PubMed:SOA genes encode proteins controlling lipase expression in response to triacylglycerol utilization in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica.
PubMed:Emulsion-based delivery systems for tributyrin, a potential colon cancer preventative agent.
PubMed:Development of an indirect method for measuring porcine pancreatic lipase in human duodenal fluid.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of alpha-tocopherol distribution in a tributyrin/Brij 30/water model food emulsion.
PubMed:Characterization and selection of autochthonous lactic acid bacteria isolated from traditional Iberian dry-fermented salchichón and chorizo sausages.
PubMed:Importance of the residue Asp 290 on chain length selectivity and catalytic efficiency of recombinant Staphylococcus simulans lipase expressed in E. coli.
PubMed:Characterization of new biosurfactant produced by Klebsiella sp. Y6-1 isolated from waste soybean oil.
PubMed:Altering the substrate specificity of Candida rugosa LIP4 by engineering the substrate-binding sites.
PubMed:Supplementary biochemical tests useful for the differentiation of oxidase positive staphylococci.
PubMed:Phospholipid-based microemulsions suitable for use in foods.
PubMed:Lipolytic activity and radial daily growth rate changes during incubation of thermomyces lanuginosus on natural and synthetic fatty substrates.
PubMed:Technological properties of Enterococcus faecium isolated from ewe's milk and cheese with importance for flavour development.
PubMed:Kinetic studies of lycopene isomerization in a tributyrin model system at gastric pH.
PubMed:Screening of Korean medicinal plants for lipase inhibitory activity.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of a pregastric esterase from a hygienized kid rennet paste.
PubMed:Degradation of African locust bean oil by Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus isolated from soumbala, a fermented African locust bean condiment.
PubMed:Purification and partial characterization of psychrotrophic Serratia marcescens lipase.
PubMed:Esterolytic and lipolytic activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from ewe's milk and cheese.
PubMed:Enzymes from isolates of Pseudomonas fluorescens involved in food spoilage.
PubMed:Early weaning of calves using feedstuffs. A rationalization based on inhibition of lipolysis.
PubMed:Influence of solvent absorption on the migration of Irganox 1076 from LDPE.
PubMed:[Quantitative occurrence of lipolytic and proteolytic enzymes in food of animal origin].
PubMed:Taxonomical and technological characteristics of Saccharomyces spp. associated with blue veined cheese.
PubMed:Fatty acid steryl, stanyl, and steroid esters by esterification and transesterification in vacuo using Candida rugosa lipase as catalyst.
PubMed:Presence and changes in populations of yeasts on raw and processed poultry products stored at refrigeration temperature.
PubMed:Biochemical properties of Streptococcus macedonicus strains isolated from Greek Kasseri cheese.
PubMed:Cloning, characterization, controlled overexpression, and inactivation of the major tributyrin esterase gene of Lactococcus lactis.
PubMed:The effects of environmental conditions on the lipolytic activity of strains of Penicillium roqueforti.
PubMed:Regulation of intestinal peptidases by nutrients in human fetuses and children.
PubMed:Butyric acid and tributyrin induce apoptosis in human hepatic tumour cells.
PubMed:Initiation of growth arrest and apoptosis of MCF-7 mammary carcinoma cells by tributyrin, a triglyceride analogue of the short-chain fatty acid butyrate, is associated with mitochondrial activity.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of a tributyrin esterase from Lactobacillus plantarum 2739.
PubMed:Method for the rapid quantitative detection of lipolytic activity among food fermenting microorganisms.
PubMed:Optimized enzymatic synthesis of geranyl butyrate with lipase AY from Candida rugosa.
PubMed:Regulation of food intake by metabolic fuels in white-crowned sparrows.
PubMed:Proteolytic and lipolytic activities of Micrococcus roseus (65), Halomonas elongata (16) and Vibrio sp. (168) isolated from Danish bacon curing brines.
PubMed:Lipolytic activity and degradation of rapeseed oil and rapeseed by spoilage fungi.
PubMed:Study of surface yeast flora of Roquefort cheese.
PubMed:The effect of triacylglycerol chain length on food intake in domestic fowl.
PubMed:Various dietary fibers have different effects on lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of tributyrin in vitro.
PubMed:Factors affecting growth and lipase production by meat lactobacilli strains and Brochothrix thermosphacta.
PubMed:[Lipolytic activity from milk isolated strains of the species Thermoactinomyces vulgaris, Tsiklinsky 1899 (author's transl)].
PubMed:Simple media containing stabilized tributyrin for demonstrating lipolytic bacteria in foods and soils.
PubMed:Assay for lipolytic and proteolytic activity using marine substrates.
 
Notes:
Flavouring agent
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