benzyl acetate
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benzyl acetate (Click)
CAS Number: 140-11-4
ECHA EC Number:205-399-7
FDA UNII:0ECG3V79ZJ
Beilstein Number: 1908121
MDL: MFCD00008712
FEMA Number: 2135
CoE Number: 204
XlogP3: 2.00 (est)
Molecular Weight: 150.17710000
Formula: C9 H10 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict
EFSA/JECFA Comments: GrADI: 0-5 (JECFA, 1997a).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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JECFA Food Flavoring: 23  benzyl acetate
Flavis Number: 09.014 (Old)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings: 09.014  benzyl acetate

FEMA Number: 2135  benzyl acetate
FDA Mainterm: BENZYL ACETATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Halogens: passes test for chlorinated compounds
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 1.05200 to 1.05600 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.754 to  8.787
Specific Gravity: 1.05900 to 1.06200 @  15.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 8.830 to 8.855
Refractive Index: 1.50100 to 1.50400 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -51.00 to  -50.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 212.00 to  215.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 128.00 to  129.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.177000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 203.00 °F. TCC ( 95.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.960
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet floral fruity jasmin fresh
Substantivity: 4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
solvents
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Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
  R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Human Experience: 32 % solution: no skin irritation.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rabbit LD50  2640 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 2490 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-rat LD50  3690 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

oral-guinea pig LD50  2200 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 17, 1985.

oral-rat LD50  2490 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

oral-rabbit LD50  2200 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 17, 1985.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 875, 1973.

skin-cat LDLo 10000 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

subcutaneous-guinea pig LDLo 3000 mg/kg
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 4000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  inhalation-cat LC50 245 ppm/8H
AMA Archives of Industrial Health. Vol. 21, Pg. 28, 1960.

inhalation-human TCLo 50 ppm
BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES
"Handbook of Organic Industrial Solvents," 2nd ed., Chicago, National Assoc. of Mutual Casualty Companies, 1961Vol. 2, Pg. 31, 1961.

inhalation-mouse TCLo 1300 mg/m3/22
BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1200.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 850.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Recommendation for benzyl acetate usage levels up to:
  30.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Recommendation for benzyl acetate flavor usage levels up to:
  760.0000 ppm in the finished product.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Chemicalize.org: Calculate predicted properties
ECHA Data Sheet: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
National Toxicology Program: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 140-11-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3082
WGK Germany:1
 benzyl acetate
DTP/NCI: 4550
Chemidplus: 0000140114
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS: 140-11-4
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References:
 benzyl acetate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 140-11-4
Pubchem (cid): 8785
Pubchem (sid): 134974597
Flavornet: 140-11-4
Pherobase Floral: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Export Tariff Code: 2915.39.1000
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
free from chlorine grade which should have ester content of 97% but for which lower grade material is sometimes substituted; technical grade which is not free from chlorine & for which ester content varies considerably; "food chemicals codex".
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 acetophenoneFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetalFR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 amyl cyclopentanone propanoneFR
 amyl cyclopentenoneCS
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
para-anisaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
 atractylis absoluteFR
 autumn carboxylateFR
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
 benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl hexanoateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 caraway seed oilFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cassis pentanoneFL/FR
 chrysanthemum oxideFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 coranolFR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
para-cresolFL/FR
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl ether 
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 decen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 dihydroisojasmonate methyl esterFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dihydrojasmone lactoneFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrateFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl propionateFR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 freesia acetateFR
 fruity cyclopentanoneFR
 gardenia absoluteFR
 gardenia acetalFR
 gardenia decaloneFR
 gardenia oxideFR
 gardenia pentyl acetateFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranyl methyl tiglate 
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 green acetateFR
 green dioxolaneFR
isogreen methanoindeneFR
 hawthorn ethanolFR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 heptanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 fleuramoneFR
 herbal carbonateFR
 herbal pyranFR
 hexahydrofarnesyl acetoneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl anthranilateFL/FR
 hexenyl cyclopentanoneFR
2-hexenyl cyclopentanyl acetateFR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
2-hexylidene cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 ho wood oilFR
 hyacinth etherFR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 indoletalFR
 jasmin absolute (from chassis)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute china (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute india (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin acetateFL/FR
 gelsoneFL/FR
 jasmin cyclopentanolFR
 jasmin cyclopentanoneFR
 jasmin lactoneFL/FR
 jasmin nonaneFR
 jasmin pyranolFR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
isojasmoneFL/FR
para-jasmoneFR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 leerallFR
 lilac pentanolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl benzoateFL/FR
 magnolia indeneFR
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 methyl 2-(methyl thio) butyrateFL
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
(Z)-methyl epi-jasmonateFL/FR
 methyl jasmonateFL/FR
 methyl thiomethyl butyrateFL
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
4-methyl-4-phenyl pentanoneFR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 mimosa heptanalFR
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 narcissus flower absoluteFR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
 passiflora acetateFL/FR
 peach nitrileFR
 pear valerateFR
2-pentadecanoneFL/FR
 pentenyl cyclopentanoneFR
2-pentyl cyclopentanoneFR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl butyl etherFR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
 phenyl glycol diacetateFR
1-phenyl propyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z,E)-phytolFL/FR
 prenyl acetateFL/FR
 privet dioxaneFR
 propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopulegyl formateFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 reseda acetalFR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 santallFR
 spicy acetoacetateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 styralyl alcoholFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
 styralyl formateFL/FR
 styralyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
 tea acetateFR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 tetrahydrojasmoneFR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
4-(para-tolyl)-2-butanoneFL/FR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
 tuberolideFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 tuberose acetateFR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 veramossFR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
 watermelon ketoneFR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
 woody acetateFR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 a suma 
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 aldehydicFR
 almondFR
 amberFR
 ambrene 
 angel 
 appleFR
 apricotFR
 balsamFR
 bananaFR
 bayberryFR
 bellodgia 
 bergamotFR
 blackberryFR
 blue grass 
 blue mist 
 bluebell 
 blueberryFR
 bouquetFR
 bubble gumFR
 butterFR
 carnation dianthus oeilletFR
 cedarFR
 chanel #5 
 cherryFR
 cherry blossomFR
 christmas blendsFR
 cinq fleurs forvil 
 citrusFR
 coconutFR
 coffeeFR
 cologneFR
 crabapple blossomFR
 cranberryFR
 decumaria 
 elder flowerFR
 fern fougereFR
 floralFR
 florida breeze 
 fresh & cleanFR
 gardeniaFR
 genet genista broomFR
 ginger whiteFR
 grapeFR
 heatherFR
 heliotropeFR
 herbalFR
 hibiscusFR
 honeysuckle chevrefeuilleFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 jasminFR
 jicky 
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 joy 
 lemonFR
 licoriceFR
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 lilyFR
 linden blossom limeflower tilleulFR
 lumiere 
 lux beauty shower soap 
 magnoliaFR
 meadow countryFR
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 mintFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 mulberryFR
 muskFR
 my sin 
 narcissus narcisseFR
 neroliFR
 new car 
 olive 
 orange blossomFR
 orchidFR
 orientalFR
 outdoors freshFR
 passion fruitFR
 peachFR
 pearFR
 petuniaFR
 pina coladaFR
 pineappleFR
 plumFR
 plum greengage plum 
 potpourriFR
 powderFR
 presence 
 quinceFR
 rainFR
 raspberryFR
 roseFR
 rose d'orientFR
 rose tea roseFR
 rose whiteFR
 sandalwoodFR
 scandal 
 shalimar 
 spiceFR
 strawberryFR
 sweet peaFR
 tabu 
 tea 
 tide 
 tuberoseFR
 valerianFL/FR
 violetFR
 wallflowerFR
 woodruff asperulaFR
 woodyFR
 ylang ylangFR
 zibeline 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 cananga oil china @ 24.14%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cassie absolute @ 0.75%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 champaca absolute (michelia alba dc.) @ 0.33%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 champaca absolute @ 4.00%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.60%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 gardenia
GRIN Trop Picture
 hyacinth
GRIN Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute china @ 23.92%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete egypt @ 26.08%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 24.15-29.65%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete italy @ 26.84%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 21.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 loiseleuria procumbens desv. (azalea)
GRIN Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 24.14%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 9.53%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 9.58%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 neroli
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.08%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 plum
 strawberry
GRIN Trop Picture
 tuberose
 ylang ylang
GRIN Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 11.63%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 6.15%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil I (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 7.68%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil II (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 1.68%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil III @ 0.69%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
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Synonyms:
 acetic acid benzyl ester
 acetic acid benzylester
 acetic acid phenyl methyl ester
 acetic acid phenylmethyl ester
 acetic acid, benzyl ester
 acetic acid, phenylmethyl ester
(acetoxymethyl)benzene
a-acetoxytoluene
alpha-acetoxytoluene
 benteine
 benzenemethanol acetate
 benzenemethanol ethanoate
nat.benzyl acetate
 benzyl acetate (natural)
 benzyl acetate 99%, (naturals)
 benzyl acetate extra
 benzyl acetate FCC
 benzyl acetate natural
 benzyl acetate natural, comores
 benzyl acetate puissiume FCC
 benzyl acetate, natural
 benzyl alcohol acetate
 benzyl ethanoate
 benzylacetate
 ethanoic acid phenylmethyl ester
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: A comparative analysis of characteristic floral scent compounds in Prunus mume and related species.
PubMed: Do flower color and floral scent of silene species affect host preference of Hadena bicruris, a seed-eating pollinator, under field conditions?
PubMed: Attraction of the orange mint moth and false celery leaftier moth (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) to floral chemical lures.
PubMed: Aroma profiles and preferences of Jasminum sambac L. flowers grown in Thailand.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of commercial imported and domestic black-ripe table olives (Olea europaea).
PubMed: Headspace solid-phase microextraction analysis of volatile components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem.
PubMed: Pomegranate juice adulteration by addition of grape or peach juices.
PubMed: Production of phenolics and the emission of volatile organic compounds by perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)/Neotyphodium lolii association as a response to infection by Fusarium poae.
PubMed: Field trials of solid triple lure (trimedlure, methyl eugenol, raspberry ketone, and DDVP) dispensers for detection and male annihilation of Ceratitis capitata, Bactrocera dorsalis, and Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii.
PubMed: Essential oils and their compositions as spatial repellents for pestiferous social wasps.
PubMed: Driving force dependence of charge recombination in reactive and nonreactive solvents.
PubMed: Liquid CO2 extraction of Jasminum grandiflorum and comparison with conventional processes.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Grape contribution to wine aroma: production of hexyl acetate, octyl acetate, and benzyl acetate during yeast fermentation is dependent upon precursors in the must.
PubMed: The catalytic efficiency of lipase in a novel water-in-[Bmim][PF6] microemulsion stabilized by both AOT and Triton X-100.
PubMed: Chemotactic effect of odorants and tastants on the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis.
PubMed: Monitoring the emission of volatile organic compounds from flowers of Jasminum sambac using solid-phase micro-extraction fibers and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection.
PubMed: Fusarium infection in maize: volatile induction of infected and neighboring uninfected plants has the potential to attract a pest cereal leaf beetle, Oulema melanopus.
PubMed: Repellent activity of essential oils and some of their individual constituents against Tribolium castaneum herbst.
PubMed: A core in vitro genotoxicity battery comprising the Ames test plus the in vitro micronucleus test is sufficient to detect rodent carcinogens and in vivo genotoxins.
PubMed: Behavioral responses of the leafhopper, Cicadulina storeyi China, a major vector of maize streak virus, to volatile cues from intact and leafhopper-damaged maize.
PubMed: Structural characterization and substrate specificity of VpAAT1 protein related to ester biosynthesis in mountain papaya fruit.
PubMed: Selective retardation of perfume oil evaporation from oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by either surfactant or nanoparticles.
PubMed: Antimutagenic; differentiation-inducing; and antioxidative effects of fragrant ingredients in Katsura-uri (Japanese pickling melon; Cucumis melo var. conomon).
PubMed: [carbonyl-C]Benzyl acetate: automated radiosynthesis via Pd-mediated [C]carbon monoxide chemistry and PET measurement of brain uptake in monkey.
PubMed: VpAAT1, a gene encoding an alcohol acyltransferase, is involved in ester biosynthesis during ripening of mountain papaya fruit.
PubMed: Assessment of genotoxic effects of benzyl derivatives by the comet assay.
PubMed: Poly[tetra-kis[μ(2)-1,3-bis-(4-pyrid-yl)propane-κN:N']dichloridobis(phenyl-acetato)dimanganese(II)].
PubMed: Determination of cobalt ions at nano-level based on newly synthesized pendant armed macrocycle by polymeric membrane and coated graphite electrode.
PubMed: Jasminum flexile flower absolute from India--a detailed comparison with three other jasmine absolutes.
PubMed: Identification of host attractants for the ethiopian fruit fly, Dacus ciliatus loew.
PubMed: Evaluation of the glycoside hydrolase activity of a Brettanomyces strain on glycosides from sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) used in the production of special fruit beers.
PubMed: [Composition and seasonality of Euglossina Species (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in forest and dune in the Environmental Protection Area of the Mamanguape River Bar, PB].
PubMed: Electroanalytical performance of a terbium(III)-selective sensor based on a neutral ionophore in environmental and medicinal samples.
PubMed: [Activity time of male Euglossina and preference for artificial fragrances in forest and dunes in the Environmental Protection Area of the Mamanguape River Bar, Rio Tinto, Paraíba, Brazil].
PubMed: Vinegar classification based on feature extraction and selection from headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography volatile analyses: a feasibility study.
PubMed: Use of cyclodextrins as a cosmetic delivery system for fragrance materials: linalool and benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Genotoxicity testing of four benzyl derivatives in the Drosophila wing spot test.
PubMed: [14C]Benzyl acetate is a potential radiotracer for the measurement of glial metabolism in the rat brain.
PubMed: Selective electrochemical sensor for copper (II) ion based on chelating ionophores.
PubMed: Tripodal chelating ligand-based sensor for selective determination of Zn(II) in biological and environmental samples.
PubMed: Transesterification of primary and secondary alcohols using Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipase.
PubMed: Chromium(III) selective membrane sensors based on Schiff bases as chelating ionophores.
PubMed: Antioxidant activities and volatile constituents of various essential oils.
PubMed: Lipase catalyzed synthesis of benzyl acetate in solvent-free medium using vinyl acetate as acyl donor.
PubMed: Generation of phenylpropanoid pathway-derived volatiles in transgenic plants: rose alcohol acetyltransferase produces phenylethyl acetate and benzyl acetate in petunia flowers.
PubMed: Functional characterization of a melon alcohol acyl-transferase gene family involved in the biosynthesis of ester volatiles. Identification of the crucial role of a threonine residue for enzyme activity*.
PubMed: Floral odor variation in two heterostylous species of Primula.
PubMed: Floral scent emission and pollinator attraction in two species of Gymnadenia (Orchidaceae).
PubMed: An Eu(III) sensor based on N,N-diethyl-N-(4-hydroxy-6-methylpyridin-2-yl)guanidine.
PubMed: Development of highly active and selective novel Pd based acetoxylation catalysts and prevention of catalyst deactivation by Bi modification.
PubMed: One-step synthesis of benzyl acetate by gas phase acetoxylation of toluene over highly active and selective Pd-Sb-TiO2 catalysts.
PubMed: ppt level detection of samarium(III) with a coated graphite sensor based on an antibiotic.
PubMed: Flavor release and rheology behavior of strawberry fatfree stirred yogurt during storage.
PubMed: Sulfate-selective PVC membrane electrode based on a strontium Schiff's base complex.
PubMed: Novel membrane potentiometric sulfate ion sensor based on zinc-phthalocyanine for the quick determination of trace amounts of sulfate.
PubMed: Use of inverse gas chromatography to characterize cotton fabrics and their interactions with fragrance molecules at controlled relative humidity.
PubMed: Thresholds of carcinogenicity of flavors.
PubMed: Improved hardware and software for quick gas chromatography-olfactometry using CHARM and GC-"SNIF" analysis.
PubMed: Comparative investigation of multiple organs of mice and rats in the comet assay.
PubMed: Palladium(0)-catalyzed coupling-cyclization reaction of polymer-supported aryl iodides with 1,2-allenyl carboxylic acids. Solid-phase parallel synthesis of butenolides.
PubMed: Micronucleus formation in human lymphocytes and in the metabolically competent human hepatoma cell line Hep-G2: results with 15 naturally occurring substances.
PubMed: areCBA is an operon in Acinetobacter sp. strain ADP1 and Is controlled by AreR, a sigma(54)-dependent regulator.
PubMed: Laboratory evaluation of miticides to control Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae), a honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) parasite.
PubMed: Determination of acetic acid in aqueous samples, by water-phase derivatisation, solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography.
PubMed: Subchronic inhalation studies of complex fragrance mixtures in rats and hamsters.
PubMed: SOS induction of selected naturally occurring substances in Escherichia coli (SOS chromotest).
PubMed: Effect of Types of Perfume Compounds on the Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance Temperature.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate.
PubMed: areABC genes determine the catabolism of aryl esters in Acinetobacter sp. Strain ADP1.
PubMed: Glycine modulates the toxicity of benzyl acetate in F344 rats.
PubMed: Deodorants on the European market: quantitative chemical analysis of 21 fragrances.
PubMed: The thioesterase I of Escherichia coli has arylesterase activity and shows stereospecificity for protease substrates.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Forty-sixth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed: Electroantennogram responses ofHyles lineata (Sphingidae: Lepidoptera) to volatile compounds fromClarkia breweri (Onagraceae) and other moth-pollinated flowers.
PubMed: On-Line Monitoring of the Photolysis of Benzyl Acetate and 3,5-Dimethoxybenzyl Acetate by Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry.
PubMed: Re-evaluation of chromosomal aberration induction on nine mouse lymphoma assay "unique positive' NTP carcinogens.
PubMed: Acute and long-term effects of nine chemicals on the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes).
PubMed: Effects of gavage versus dosed feed administration on the toxicokinetics of benzyl acetate in rats and mice.
PubMed: The identification of polar organic compounds found in consumer products and their toxicological properties.
PubMed: Percutaneous absorption of benzyl acetate through rat skin in vitro. 3. A comparison with human skin.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate: from mutagenic carcinogen to non-mutagenic non-carcinogenic in 7 years?
PubMed: [Toxicologic and hygienic evaluation of benzyl acetate as an atmospheric air pollutant].
PubMed: NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzyl Acetate (CAS No. 140-11-4) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice Feed Studies).
PubMed: Automatic evaluation of antifungal volatile compounds on the basis of the dynamic growth process of a single hypha.
PubMed: Perspective on the usefulness of the mouse lymphoma assay as an indicator of a genotoxic carcinogen: ten compounds which are positive in the mouse lymphoma assay but are not genotoxic carcinogens.
PubMed: Percutaneous absorption of benzyl acetate through rat skin in vitro. 2. Effect of vehicle and occlusion.
PubMed: Lewis cell studies to determine reactor design data for two-liquid-phase bacterial and enzymic reactions.
PubMed: Evaluation of promotion of pancreatic carcinogenesis in rats by benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Percutaneous absorption of benzyl acetate through rat skin in vitro. 1. Validation of an in vitro model against in vivo data.
PubMed: In vivo percutaneous absorption of fragrance ingredients in rhesus monkeys and humans.
PubMed: Induction of chromosome loss by mixtures of organic solvents including neurotoxins.
PubMed: Age-related changes in the disposition of benzyl acetate. A model compound for glycine conjugation.
PubMed: What is the proper experimental unit for long-term rodent studies? An examination of the NTP benzyl acetate study.
PubMed: Measurement of unscheduled DNA synthesis and S-phase synthesis in rodent hepatocytes following in vivo treatment: testing of 24 compounds.
PubMed: Responses of the L5178Y tk+/tk- mouse lymphoma cell forward mutation assay: III. 72 coded chemicals.
PubMed: Perfume interactions with sodium dodecyl sulphate solutions.
PubMed: [Experimental study of the toxic properties of phenylethyl alcohol and phenylethyl acetate].
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. III. The percutaneous absorption and disposition of [methylene-14C]benzyl acetate in the rat.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. II. Use of specific metabolic inhibitors to define the pathway leading to the formation of benzylmercapturic acid in the rat.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. I. Effect of dose size and vehicle on the plasma pharmacokinetics and metabolism of [methylene-14C]benzyl acetate in the rat.
PubMed: [Use of orthogonal plans for the experimental analysis of the combined effects of harmful substances].
PubMed: Effects of corn oil and benzyl acetate on number and size of azaserine-induced foci in the pancreas of LEW and F344 rats.
PubMed: NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzyl Acetate (CAS No. 140-11-4) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed: Pancreatic tumors in male rats elicited by corn oil gavage.
PubMed: Benzyl acetates as attractants for the male oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis, and the male melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate carcinogenicity, metabolism, and disposition in Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice.
PubMed: [Toxicological and hygienic characteristics of benzyl acetate].
PubMed: [Gas chromatographic determination of benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde and benzyl acetate in the air].
PubMed: Taste agnosia following gustatory neocortex ablation: dissociation from odor and generality across taste qualities.
PubMed: Substituted benzyl acetates: a new class of compounds that reduce gap junctional conductance by cytoplasmic acidification.
PubMed: Bioassay of compounds derived from the honeybee sting.
PubMed: A chemical-modification approach to the olfactory code. Studies with a thiol-specific reagent.
PubMed: The mode of binding of potential transition-state analogs to acetylcholinesterase.
PubMed: Acetylcholinesterase substrates: acetoxymethylpyridines and benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Formation of mercapturic acids in rats after the administration of aralkyl esters.
PubMed: STUDIES ON ENZYME ACTION : XXXV. LIPASE ACTIONS OF EXTRACTS OF TISSUES OF RABBITS AT DIFFERENT AGES.
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Picture of molecule
Soluble in:
 ethyl alcohol, 5 vol. of 60% alcohol
 fixed oils
 kerosene
 paraffin oil
 propylene glycol
 water-alcohol mixtures: 30% 1:200, 35% 1:120 40% 1:70 50% 1:20 60% 1:5
 water, 3100 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
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