benzyl acetate
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  • Organoleptics
      • Organoleptic Properties
        Odor Type :floral
        Odor Strength :medium
        Odor Description:
        at 100.00 %. 
        sweet floral fruity jasmin fresh
        Substantivity :4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  • Properties
      • Physical Properties
        Appearance :colorless clear liquid (est)
        Assay : 98.00 to 100.00 % 
        Halogens :passes test for chlorinated compounds
        Food Chemicals Codex Listed :Yes
        Specific Gravity :1.05200 to 1.05600 @  25.00 °C.
        Pounds per Gallon - (est). : 8.754 to  8.787
        Specific Gravity :1.05900 to 1.06200 @  15.00 °C.
        Pounds per Gallon - est. : 8.830 to 8.855
        Refractive Index :1.50100 to 1.50400 @  20.00 °C.
        Melting Point : -51.00 to  -50.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
        Boiling Point : 212.00 to  215.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
        Boiling Point : 128.00 to  129.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
        Acid Value : 1.00 max. KOH/g
        Vapor Pressure :0.177000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
        Flash Point : 216.00 °F. TCC ( 102.22 °C. )
        logP (o/w) : 1.960
        Shelf Life : 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
        Storage :store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
  • Safety
      • Safety Information
        Most important hazard(s) :Xi - Irritant
          R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
        S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
        S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
        S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
        Human Experience : 32 % solution: no skin irritation.
        Oral/Parenteral Toxicity : 
          oral-rabbit LD50  2640 mg/kg
        (Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

        gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 2490 mg/kg
        (Jenner et al., 1964)

        oral-rat LD50  3690 mg/kg
        (Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

        oral-guinea pig LD50  2200 mg/kg
        Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 17, 1985.

        oral-rat LD50  2490 mg/kg
        BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
        Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

        oral-rabbit LD50  2200 mg/kg
        Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 17, 1985.

        Dermal Toxicity : 
          skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
        Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 875, 1973.

        skin-cat LDLo 10000 mg/kg
        GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
        Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

        subcutaneous-guinea pig LDLo 3000 mg/kg
        Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

        subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 4000 mg/kg
        BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
        Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

        Inhalation Toxicity : 
          inhalation-cat LC50 245 ppm/8H
        AMA Archives of Industrial Health. Vol. 21, Pg. 28, 1960.

        inhalation-human TCLo 50 ppm
        BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES
        "Handbook of Organic Industrial Solvents," 2nd ed., Chicago, National Assoc. of Mutual Casualty Companies, 1961Vol. 2, Pg. 31, 1961.

        inhalation-mouse TCLo 1300 mg/m3/22
        BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC
        Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

  • Safety in Use
      • Safety in Use Information
        Category :flavor and fragrance agents
        Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU) :1200.00 (μg/capita/day)
        Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA) :850.00 (μg/capita/day)
        Structure Class :I
        Recommendation for benzyl acetate fragrance usage levels up to :
          30.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
        Recommendation for benzyl acetate flavor usage levels up to :
          760.0000 ppm in the finished product.
  • Safety References
      • Safety References
        European Food Safety Athority(efsa) :Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
        European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s) :
        Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23:page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC):page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food:page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23:page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009):page or pdf
        Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30:page or pdf
        Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30:page or pdf
        EPI System :View
        Chemicalize.org :Calculate predicted properties
        IUCLID Chemical Data Sheet :View
        ClinicalTrials.gov :search
        NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards :search
        NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank :Search
        Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System :Search
        Cancer Citations :Search
        Toxicology Citations :Search
        Carcinogenic Potency Database :Search
        Env. Mutagen Info. Center :Search
        NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity :Search
        National Toxicology Program :Search
        EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA) :140-11-4
        EPA ACToR :Toxicology Data
        WGK Germany :1
         benzyl acetate
        DTP/NCI :4550
        Chemidplus :0000140114
        EPA/NOAA CAMEO :hazardous materials
        RTECS :140-11-4
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
benzyl acetate (Click)
CAS Number : 140-11-4
ESIS EC# (EINECS) :205-399-7
Beilstein Number :1908121
MDL :MFCD00008712
CoE Number :204
XlogP3 :2.00 (est)
Molecular Weight :150.17710000
Formula :C9 H10 O2
BioActivity Summary :listing
NMR Predictor :Predict
EFSA/JECFA Comments :GrADI: 0-5 (JECFA, 1997a).
Category :flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information :
Google Scholar : Search Google Books : Search
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PubMed : SearchNCBI : Search
JECFA Food Flavoring :23  benzyl acetate
Flavis Number :09.014 (Old)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings :09.014  benzyl acetate

FEMA Number :2135  benzyl acetate
FDA Mainterm : BENZYL ACETATE
FDA Regulation :FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
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benzyl acetate
Synonyms :
 acetic acid benzyl ester
 acetic acid benzylester
 acetic acid phenyl methyl ester
 acetic acid phenylmethyl ester
 acetic acid, benzyl ester
 acetic acid, phenylmethyl ester
(acetoxymethyl)benzene
a-acetoxytoluene
alpha-acetoxytoluene
 benteine
 benzenemethanol acetate
 benzenemethanol ethanoate
nat.benzyl acetate
 benzyl acetate (natural)
 benzyl acetate 99%, (naturals)
 benzyl acetate extra
 benzyl acetate FCC
 benzyl acetate natural
 benzyl acetate natural, comores
 benzyl acetate puissiume FCC
 benzyl acetate, natural
 benzyl alcohol acetate
 benzyl ethanoate
 benzylacetate
 ethanoic acid phenylmethyl ester
Soluble in :
 ethyl alcohol, 5 vol. of 60% alcohol
 fixed oils
 kerosene
 paraffin oil
 propylene glycol
 water-alcohol mixtures: 30% 1:200, 35% 1:120 40% 1:70 50% 1:20 60% 1:5
 water, 3100 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in :
 water
 glycerin
Stability :
 non-discoloring in most media
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