benzyl acetate
 
Notes:
Occurs in jasmine, apple, cherry, guava fruit and peel, wine grape, white wine, tea, plum, cooked rice, Bourbon vanilla, naranjila fruit (Solanum quitoense), Chinese cabbage and quince. Flavouring agent Benzyl acetate is an organic compound with the molecular formula C9H10O2. It is the ester formed by condensation of benzyl alcohol and acetic acid.; It is one of many compounds that is attractive to males of various species of orchid bees, who apparently gather the chemical to synthesize pheromones; it is commonly used as bait to attract and collect these bees for study.
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Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
benzyl acetate (Click)
CAS Number: 140-11-4Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 205-399-7
FDA UNII:0ECG3V79ZJ
Nikkaji Web: J2.950E
Beilstein Number: 1908121
MDL: MFCD00008712
FEMA Number: 2135
CoE Number: 204
XlogP3: 2.00 (est)
Molecular Weight: 150.17710000
Formula: C9 H10 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: GrADI: 0-5 (JECFA, 1997a).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
JECFA Food Flavoring: 23  benzyl acetate
Flavis Number: 09.014 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 09.014  benzyl acetate
FEMA Number: 2135  benzyl acetate
FDA Mainterm: BENZYL ACETATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Halogens: passes test for chlorinated compounds
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 1.05200 to 1.05600 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.754 to  8.787
Specific Gravity: 1.05900 to 1.06200 @  15.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 8.830 to 8.855
Refractive Index: 1.50100 to 1.50400 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -51.00 to  -50.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 212.00 to  215.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 128.00 to  129.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.177000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 203.00 °F. TCC ( 95.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.960
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 ethyl alcohol, 5 vol. of 60% alcohol
 fixed oils
 kerosene
 paraffin oil
 propylene glycol
 water-alcohol mixtures: 30% 1:200, 35% 1:120 40% 1:70 50% 1:20 60% 1:5
 water, 3100 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 glycerin
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet floral fruity jasmin fresh
Substantivity: 4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
solvents
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Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
  R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Human Experience: 32 % solution: no skin irritation.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rabbit LD50  2640 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 2490 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-rat LD50  3690 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

oral-guinea pig LD50  2200 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 17, 1985.

oral-rat LD50  2490 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

oral-rabbit LD50  2200 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 17, 1985.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 875, 1973.

skin-cat LDLo 10000 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

subcutaneous-guinea pig LDLo 3000 mg/kg
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 4000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  inhalation-cat LC50 245 ppm/8H
AMA Archives of Industrial Health. Vol. 21, Pg. 28, 1960.

inhalation-human TCLo 50 ppm
BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES
"Handbook of Organic Industrial Solvents," 2nd ed., Chicago, National Assoc. of Mutual Casualty Companies, 1961Vol. 2, Pg. 31, 1961.

inhalation-mouse TCLo 1300 mg/m3/22
BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for benzyl acetate usage levels up to:
  30.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1200.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 850.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -22.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -7.80000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -760.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -14.00000
fruit ices: -14.00000
gelatins / puddings: -23.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -34.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 140-11-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 8785
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3082
WGK Germany:1
 benzyl acetate
Chemidplus: 0000140114
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS: 140-11-4
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References:
 benzyl acetate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 140-11-4
Pubchem (cid): 8785
Pubchem (sid): 134974597
Flavornet: 140-11-4
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C15513
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31310
FooDB: FDB003367
Export Tariff Code: 2915.39.1000
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
free from chlorine grade which should have ester content of 97% but for which lower grade material is sometimes substituted; technical grade which is not free from chlorine & for which ester content varies considerably; "food chemicals codex".
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 atractylis absoluteFR
aldehydic
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
animal
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 indoletalFR
balsamic
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
caramellic
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
chemical
 styralyl alcoholFL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
coconut
 tetrahydrojasmoneFR
creamy
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
earthy
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
ethereal
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
fatty
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetalFR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 amyl cyclopentanone propanoneFR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
para-anisaldehyde dimethyl acetalFR
 autumn carboxylateFR
 benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl ether 
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 dihydroisojasmonate methyl esterFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dihydrojasmone lactoneFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl propionateFR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 freesia acetateFR
 gardenia absoluteFR
 gardenia acetalFR
 gardenia decaloneFR
 gardenia oxideFR
 gardenia pentyl acetateFR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 hawthorn ethanolFR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 herbal pyranFR
 hexahydrofarnesyl acetoneFL/FR
 hexenyl cyclopentanoneFR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
2-hexylidene cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 ho wood oilFR
 hyacinth etherFR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from chassis)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute china (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute india (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin acetateFL/FR
 jasmin cyclopentanolFR
 jasmin cyclopentanoneFR
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
 jasmin pyranolFR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
para-jasmoneFR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
isojasmoneFL/FR
 leerallFR
 lilac pentanolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl benzoateFL/FR
 magnolia indeneFR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
(Z)-methyl epi-jasmonateFL/FR
 methyl jasmonateFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 mimosa heptanalFR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
2-pentadecanoneFL/FR
 pentenyl cyclopentanoneFR
2-pentyl cyclopentanoneFR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl butyl etherFR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
 phenyl glycol diacetateFR
1-phenyl propyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z,E)-phytolFL/FR
 reseda acetalFR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 styralyl formateFL/FR
 styralyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
 tea acetateFR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 tuberolideFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 tuberose acetateFR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
 decen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrateFR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 fleuramone (IFF)FR
 fruity cyclopentanoneFR
 geranyl methyl tiglate 
 green acetateFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl anthranilateFL/FR
2-hexenyl cyclopentanyl acetateFR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
 peach nitrileFR
 pear valerateFR
 prenyl acetateFL/FR
 propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
4-(para-tolyl)-2-butanoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
fungal
 jasmin nonaneFR
green
 benzyl hexanoateFL/FR
 chrysanthemum oxideFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 green dioxolaneFR
isogreen methanoindeneFR
 heptanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
4-methyl-4-phenyl pentanoneFR
 narcissus flower absoluteFR
 privet dioxaneFR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
hay
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 herbal carbonateFR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
melon
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 watermelon ketoneFR
minty
isopulegyl formateFL/FR
mossy
 veramoss (IFF)FR
naphthyl
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
phenolic
para-cresolFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
spicy
alpha-amyl cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 spicy acetoacetateFL/FR
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
 cassis pentanoneFL/FR
 passiflora acetateFL/FR
terpenic
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillinFL/FR
woody
 santallFR
 woody acetateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl hexanoateFL/FR
 chrysanthemum oxideFL/FR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 hexahydrofarnesyl acetoneFL/FR
2-hexylidene cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
(Z)-methyl epi-jasmonateFL/FR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
1-phenyl propyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z,E)-phytolFL/FR
isopulegyl formateFL/FR
 styralyl formateFL/FR
 styralyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 tuberolideFL/FR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
aldehydic
 nonanolFL/FR
aromatic
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
brown
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
caramellic
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
chemical
 styralyl alcoholFL/FR
citrus
 linaloolFL/FR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
creamy
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
earthy
alpha-amyl cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
2-pentadecanoneFL/FR
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl anthranilateFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from chassis)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute china (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute india (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin acetateFL/FR
 linalyl benzoateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 methyl jasmonateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl ether 
 decen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 geranyl methyl tiglate 
 heliotropinFL/FR
 lilac pentanolFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 prenyl acetateFL/FR
 propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
4-(para-tolyl)-2-butanoneFL/FR
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 cassis pentanoneFL/FR
 heptanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isojasmoneFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
honey
 benzyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
juicy
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
phenolic
para-cresolFL/FR
powdery
 acetophenoneFL/FR
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
spicy
alpha-amyl cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 spicy acetoacetateFL/FR
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
 methyl 2-(methyl thio) butyrateFL
 methyl thiomethyl butyrateFL
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 passiflora acetateFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillinFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmone lactoneFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 a suma 
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 aldehydicFR
 almondFR
 amberFR
 ambrene 
 angel 
 appleFR
 apricotFR
 balsamFR
 bananaFR
 bayberryFR
 bellodgia 
 bergamotFR
 blackberryFR
 blue grass 
 blue mist 
 bluebell 
 blueberryFR
 bouquetFR
 bubble gumFR
 butterFR
 carnation dianthus oeilletFR
 cedarFR
 chanel #5 
 cherryFR
 cherry blossomFR
 christmas blendsFR
 cinq fleurs forvil 
 citrusFR
 coconutFR
 coffeeFR
 cologneFR
 crabapple blossomFR
 cranberryFR
 decumaria 
 elder flowerFR
 fern fougereFR
 floralFR
 florida breeze 
 fresh & cleanFR
 gardeniaFR
 genet genista broomFR
 ginger whiteFR
 grapeFR
 heatherFR
 heliotropeFR
 herbalFR
 hibiscusFR
 honeysuckle chevrefeuilleFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 jasminFR
 jicky 
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 joy 
 lemonFR
 licoriceFR
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 lilyFR
 linden blossom limeflower tilleulFR
 lumiere 
 lux beauty shower soap 
 magnoliaFR
 meadow countryFR
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 mintFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 mulberryFR
 muskFR
 my sin 
 narcissus narcisseFR
 neroliFR
 new car 
 olive 
 orange blossomFR
 orchidFR
 orientalFR
 outdoors freshFR
 passion fruitFR
 peachFR
 pearFR
 petuniaFR
 pina coladaFR
 pineappleFR
 plumFR
 plum greengage plum 
 potpourriFR
 powderFR
 presence 
 quinceFR
 rainFR
 raspberryFR
 roseFR
 rose d'orientFR
 rose tea roseFR
 rose whiteFR
 sandalwoodFR
 scandal 
 shalimar 
 spiceFR
 strawberryFR
 sweet peaFR
 tabu 
 tea 
 tide 
 tuberoseFR
 valerianFL/FR
 violetFR
 wallflowerFR
 woodruff asperulaFR
 woodyFR
 ylang ylangFR
 zibeline 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 apple plant
Search Trop  Picture
 basil leaf from 17.00 to 63.00 ppm
Search Trop  Picture
 cananga oil china @ 24.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cantaloupe petiole
Search Trop  Picture
 cassie absolute @ 0.75%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca absolute (michelia alba dc.) @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca absolute @ 4.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum veru leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 clove plant
Search Trop  Picture
 fig leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 gardenia
Search Trop  Picture
 hyacinth
Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute china @ 23.92%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete egypt @ 26.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 24.15-29.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete italy @ 26.84%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 21.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 loiseleuria procumbens desv. (azalea)
Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 24.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 9.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 9.58%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli
Search  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peach fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search  Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 tuberose
Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang
Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 11.63%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 6.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil I (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 7.68%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil II (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 1.68%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil III @ 0.69%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 acetic acid benzyl ester
 acetic acid benzylester
 acetic acid phenyl methyl ester
 acetic acid phenylmethyl ester
 acetic acid, benzyl ester
 acetic acid, phenylmethyl ester
(acetoxymethyl)benzene
a-acetoxytoluene
alpha-acetoxytoluene
 benteine
 benzenemethanol acetate
 benzenemethanol ethanoate
nat.benzyl acetate
 benzyl acetate (natural)
 benzyl acetate 99%, (naturals)
 benzyl acetate extra
 benzyl acetate FCC
 benzyl acetate natural
 benzyl acetate natural, comores
 benzyl acetate puissiume FCC
 benzyl acetate, natural
 benzyl alcohol acetate
 benzyl ethanoate
 benzylacetate
 ethanoic acid phenylmethyl ester
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: A comparative analysis of characteristic floral scent compounds in Prunus mume and related species.
PubMed: Do flower color and floral scent of silene species affect host preference of Hadena bicruris, a seed-eating pollinator, under field conditions?
PubMed: Attraction of the orange mint moth and false celery leaftier moth (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) to floral chemical lures.
PubMed: Aroma profiles and preferences of Jasminum sambac L. flowers grown in Thailand.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of commercial imported and domestic black-ripe table olives (Olea europaea).
PubMed: Headspace solid-phase microextraction analysis of volatile components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem.
PubMed: Pomegranate juice adulteration by addition of grape or peach juices.
PubMed: Production of phenolics and the emission of volatile organic compounds by perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)/Neotyphodium lolii association as a response to infection by Fusarium poae.
PubMed: Field trials of solid triple lure (trimedlure, methyl eugenol, raspberry ketone, and DDVP) dispensers for detection and male annihilation of Ceratitis capitata, Bactrocera dorsalis, and Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii.
PubMed: Essential oils and their compositions as spatial repellents for pestiferous social wasps.
PubMed: Driving force dependence of charge recombination in reactive and nonreactive solvents.
PubMed: Liquid CO2 extraction of Jasminum grandiflorum and comparison with conventional processes.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Grape contribution to wine aroma: production of hexyl acetate, octyl acetate, and benzyl acetate during yeast fermentation is dependent upon precursors in the must.
PubMed: The catalytic efficiency of lipase in a novel water-in-[Bmim][PF6] microemulsion stabilized by both AOT and Triton X-100.
PubMed: Chemotactic effect of odorants and tastants on the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis.
PubMed: Monitoring the emission of volatile organic compounds from flowers of Jasminum sambac using solid-phase micro-extraction fibers and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection.
PubMed: Fusarium infection in maize: volatile induction of infected and neighboring uninfected plants has the potential to attract a pest cereal leaf beetle, Oulema melanopus.
PubMed: Repellent activity of essential oils and some of their individual constituents against Tribolium castaneum herbst.
PubMed: A core in vitro genotoxicity battery comprising the Ames test plus the in vitro micronucleus test is sufficient to detect rodent carcinogens and in vivo genotoxins.
PubMed: Behavioral responses of the leafhopper, Cicadulina storeyi China, a major vector of maize streak virus, to volatile cues from intact and leafhopper-damaged maize.
PubMed: Structural characterization and substrate specificity of VpAAT1 protein related to ester biosynthesis in mountain papaya fruit.
PubMed: Selective retardation of perfume oil evaporation from oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by either surfactant or nanoparticles.
PubMed: Antimutagenic; differentiation-inducing; and antioxidative effects of fragrant ingredients in Katsura-uri (Japanese pickling melon; Cucumis melo var. conomon).
PubMed: [carbonyl-C]Benzyl acetate: automated radiosynthesis via Pd-mediated [C]carbon monoxide chemistry and PET measurement of brain uptake in monkey.
PubMed: VpAAT1, a gene encoding an alcohol acyltransferase, is involved in ester biosynthesis during ripening of mountain papaya fruit.
PubMed: Assessment of genotoxic effects of benzyl derivatives by the comet assay.
PubMed: Poly[tetra-kis[μ(2)-1,3-bis-(4-pyrid-yl)propane-κN:N']dichloridobis(phenyl-acetato)dimanganese(II)].
PubMed: Determination of cobalt ions at nano-level based on newly synthesized pendant armed macrocycle by polymeric membrane and coated graphite electrode.
PubMed: Jasminum flexile flower absolute from India--a detailed comparison with three other jasmine absolutes.
PubMed: Identification of host attractants for the ethiopian fruit fly, Dacus ciliatus loew.
PubMed: Evaluation of the glycoside hydrolase activity of a Brettanomyces strain on glycosides from sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) used in the production of special fruit beers.
PubMed: [Composition and seasonality of Euglossina Species (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in forest and dune in the Environmental Protection Area of the Mamanguape River Bar, PB].
PubMed: Electroanalytical performance of a terbium(III)-selective sensor based on a neutral ionophore in environmental and medicinal samples.
PubMed: [Activity time of male Euglossina and preference for artificial fragrances in forest and dunes in the Environmental Protection Area of the Mamanguape River Bar, Rio Tinto, Paraíba, Brazil].
PubMed: Vinegar classification based on feature extraction and selection from headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography volatile analyses: a feasibility study.
PubMed: Use of cyclodextrins as a cosmetic delivery system for fragrance materials: linalool and benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Genotoxicity testing of four benzyl derivatives in the Drosophila wing spot test.
PubMed: [14C]Benzyl acetate is a potential radiotracer for the measurement of glial metabolism in the rat brain.
PubMed: Selective electrochemical sensor for copper (II) ion based on chelating ionophores.
PubMed: Tripodal chelating ligand-based sensor for selective determination of Zn(II) in biological and environmental samples.
PubMed: Transesterification of primary and secondary alcohols using Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipase.
PubMed: Chromium(III) selective membrane sensors based on Schiff bases as chelating ionophores.
PubMed: Antioxidant activities and volatile constituents of various essential oils.
PubMed: Lipase catalyzed synthesis of benzyl acetate in solvent-free medium using vinyl acetate as acyl donor.
PubMed: Generation of phenylpropanoid pathway-derived volatiles in transgenic plants: rose alcohol acetyltransferase produces phenylethyl acetate and benzyl acetate in petunia flowers.
PubMed: Functional characterization of a melon alcohol acyl-transferase gene family involved in the biosynthesis of ester volatiles. Identification of the crucial role of a threonine residue for enzyme activity*.
PubMed: Floral odor variation in two heterostylous species of Primula.
PubMed: Floral scent emission and pollinator attraction in two species of Gymnadenia (Orchidaceae).
PubMed: An Eu(III) sensor based on N,N-diethyl-N-(4-hydroxy-6-methylpyridin-2-yl)guanidine.
PubMed: Development of highly active and selective novel Pd based acetoxylation catalysts and prevention of catalyst deactivation by Bi modification.
PubMed: One-step synthesis of benzyl acetate by gas phase acetoxylation of toluene over highly active and selective Pd-Sb-TiO2 catalysts.
PubMed: ppt level detection of samarium(III) with a coated graphite sensor based on an antibiotic.
PubMed: Flavor release and rheology behavior of strawberry fatfree stirred yogurt during storage.
PubMed: Sulfate-selective PVC membrane electrode based on a strontium Schiff's base complex.
PubMed: Novel membrane potentiometric sulfate ion sensor based on zinc-phthalocyanine for the quick determination of trace amounts of sulfate.
PubMed: Use of inverse gas chromatography to characterize cotton fabrics and their interactions with fragrance molecules at controlled relative humidity.
PubMed: Thresholds of carcinogenicity of flavors.
PubMed: Improved hardware and software for quick gas chromatography-olfactometry using CHARM and GC-"SNIF" analysis.
PubMed: Comparative investigation of multiple organs of mice and rats in the comet assay.
PubMed: Palladium(0)-catalyzed coupling-cyclization reaction of polymer-supported aryl iodides with 1,2-allenyl carboxylic acids. Solid-phase parallel synthesis of butenolides.
PubMed: Micronucleus formation in human lymphocytes and in the metabolically competent human hepatoma cell line Hep-G2: results with 15 naturally occurring substances.
PubMed: areCBA is an operon in Acinetobacter sp. strain ADP1 and Is controlled by AreR, a sigma(54)-dependent regulator.
PubMed: Laboratory evaluation of miticides to control Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae), a honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) parasite.
PubMed: Determination of acetic acid in aqueous samples, by water-phase derivatisation, solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography.
PubMed: Subchronic inhalation studies of complex fragrance mixtures in rats and hamsters.
PubMed: SOS induction of selected naturally occurring substances in Escherichia coli (SOS chromotest).
PubMed: Effect of Types of Perfume Compounds on the Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance Temperature.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate.
PubMed: areABC genes determine the catabolism of aryl esters in Acinetobacter sp. Strain ADP1.
PubMed: Glycine modulates the toxicity of benzyl acetate in F344 rats.
PubMed: Deodorants on the European market: quantitative chemical analysis of 21 fragrances.
PubMed: The thioesterase I of Escherichia coli has arylesterase activity and shows stereospecificity for protease substrates.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Forty-sixth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed: Electroantennogram responses ofHyles lineata (Sphingidae: Lepidoptera) to volatile compounds fromClarkia breweri (Onagraceae) and other moth-pollinated flowers.
PubMed: On-Line Monitoring of the Photolysis of Benzyl Acetate and 3,5-Dimethoxybenzyl Acetate by Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry.
PubMed: Re-evaluation of chromosomal aberration induction on nine mouse lymphoma assay "unique positive' NTP carcinogens.
PubMed: Acute and long-term effects of nine chemicals on the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes).
PubMed: Effects of gavage versus dosed feed administration on the toxicokinetics of benzyl acetate in rats and mice.
PubMed: The identification of polar organic compounds found in consumer products and their toxicological properties.
PubMed: Percutaneous absorption of benzyl acetate through rat skin in vitro. 3. A comparison with human skin.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate: from mutagenic carcinogen to non-mutagenic non-carcinogenic in 7 years?
PubMed: [Toxicologic and hygienic evaluation of benzyl acetate as an atmospheric air pollutant].
PubMed: NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzyl Acetate (CAS No. 140-11-4) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice Feed Studies).
PubMed: Automatic evaluation of antifungal volatile compounds on the basis of the dynamic growth process of a single hypha.
PubMed: Perspective on the usefulness of the mouse lymphoma assay as an indicator of a genotoxic carcinogen: ten compounds which are positive in the mouse lymphoma assay but are not genotoxic carcinogens.
PubMed: Percutaneous absorption of benzyl acetate through rat skin in vitro. 2. Effect of vehicle and occlusion.
PubMed: Lewis cell studies to determine reactor design data for two-liquid-phase bacterial and enzymic reactions.
PubMed: Evaluation of promotion of pancreatic carcinogenesis in rats by benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Percutaneous absorption of benzyl acetate through rat skin in vitro. 1. Validation of an in vitro model against in vivo data.
PubMed: In vivo percutaneous absorption of fragrance ingredients in rhesus monkeys and humans.
PubMed: Induction of chromosome loss by mixtures of organic solvents including neurotoxins.
PubMed: Age-related changes in the disposition of benzyl acetate. A model compound for glycine conjugation.
PubMed: What is the proper experimental unit for long-term rodent studies? An examination of the NTP benzyl acetate study.
PubMed: Measurement of unscheduled DNA synthesis and S-phase synthesis in rodent hepatocytes following in vivo treatment: testing of 24 compounds.
PubMed: Responses of the L5178Y tk+/tk- mouse lymphoma cell forward mutation assay: III. 72 coded chemicals.
PubMed: Perfume interactions with sodium dodecyl sulphate solutions.
PubMed: [Experimental study of the toxic properties of phenylethyl alcohol and phenylethyl acetate].
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. III. The percutaneous absorption and disposition of [methylene-14C]benzyl acetate in the rat.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. II. Use of specific metabolic inhibitors to define the pathway leading to the formation of benzylmercapturic acid in the rat.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. I. Effect of dose size and vehicle on the plasma pharmacokinetics and metabolism of [methylene-14C]benzyl acetate in the rat.
PubMed: [Use of orthogonal plans for the experimental analysis of the combined effects of harmful substances].
PubMed: Effects of corn oil and benzyl acetate on number and size of azaserine-induced foci in the pancreas of LEW and F344 rats.
PubMed: NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzyl Acetate (CAS No. 140-11-4) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed: Pancreatic tumors in male rats elicited by corn oil gavage.
PubMed: Benzyl acetates as attractants for the male oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis, and the male melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Benzyl acetate carcinogenicity, metabolism, and disposition in Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice.
PubMed: [Toxicological and hygienic characteristics of benzyl acetate].
PubMed: [Gas chromatographic determination of benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde and benzyl acetate in the air].
PubMed: Taste agnosia following gustatory neocortex ablation: dissociation from odor and generality across taste qualities.
PubMed: Substituted benzyl acetates: a new class of compounds that reduce gap junctional conductance by cytoplasmic acidification.
PubMed: Bioassay of compounds derived from the honeybee sting.
PubMed: A chemical-modification approach to the olfactory code. Studies with a thiol-specific reagent.
PubMed: The mode of binding of potential transition-state analogs to acetylcholinesterase.
PubMed: Acetylcholinesterase substrates: acetoxymethylpyridines and benzyl acetate.
PubMed: Formation of mercapturic acids in rats after the administration of aralkyl esters.
PubMed: STUDIES ON ENZYME ACTION : XXXV. LIPASE ACTIONS OF EXTRACTS OF TISSUES OF RABBITS AT DIFFERENT AGES.
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