EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

styralyl alcohol
alpha-methylbenzyl alcohol

Sponsors

Name:1-phenylethanol
CAS Number: 98-85-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-707-1
FDA UNII:E6O895DQ52
Nikkaji Web:J3.224G
Beilstein Number:1905149
MDL:MFCD00004508
CoE Number:2030
XlogP3-AA:1.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:122.16690000
Formula:C8 H10 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:(R)-styralyl alcohol
 (S)-styralyl alcohol
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:799 alpha-methylbenzyl alcohol
FLAVIS Number:02.064 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:02.064 1-phenylethan-1-ol
FEMA Number:2685 alpha-methylbenzyl alcohol
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ALPHA-METHYLBENZYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:1.00900 to 1.01400 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.396 to 8.437
Refractive Index:1.52500 to 1.52900 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 19.00 to 20.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 204.00 to 205.00 °C. @ 745.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point:19.00 °C.
Vapor Pressure:0.139000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.21 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 185.00 °F. TCC ( 85.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.409 (est)
Soluble in:
 fixed oils
 glycerin
 water, 1.954e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 1950 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 bath salts
 cream
 hair spray
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 shampoo
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: chemical
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:8 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh sweet almond gardenia hyacinth
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fresh sweet acetophenone gardenia hyacinth
Luebke, William tgsc, (1981)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
chemical naphthyl medicinal sweet camphoreous
Odor Description:Chemical, naphthyl, medicinal, sweet, with a camphoraceous nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 4, 33, (1992)
Flavor Type: chemical
chemical medicinal balsamic vanilla woody
Taste Description: at 50.00 ppm. Chemical, medicinal, with a balsamic vanilla woody nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 4, 33, (1992)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
A.C.S. International
Styrolyl Alcohol
Operational Capabilities
Advanced Biotech
STYRALYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Odor: Floral, Fruity
Axxence Aromatic
STYRALLYL ALCOHOL, Natural
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Styrallyl alcohol
Berjé
Styrallyl Alcohol
Happening at Berje
Diffusions Aromatiques
ALCOOL STYRALLIQUE
Ernesto Ventós
STYRALLYL ALCOHOL
Odor: LILAC, JASMIN, MIMOSA
Excellentia International
Styrallyl Alcohol Natural
Indukern F&F
STYRALLYL ALCOHOL
Odor: FRESH, SWEET, FLORAL, JACINTH
Lluch Essence
STYRALLYL ALCOHOL
M&U International
Nat. Styrallyl Alcohol
M&U International
STYRALLYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
Moellhausen
STYRALYL ALCOHOL
Odor: tart,fruity, floral
Flavor: , medicinal, with a balsamic vanilla woody nuance
Natural Advantage
Styrallyl Alcohol Nat
Penta International
STYRALLYL ALCOHOL NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
STYRALLYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Styralyl Alcohol
Odor: fresh sweet acetophenone gardenia hyacinth tart fruity-floral green
Reincke & Fichtner
alpha-Methylbenzyl Alcohol
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
1-Phenylethanol ≥96%
Sigma-Aldrich
a-Methylbenzyl alcohol, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Odor: hyacinth
Certified Food Grade Products
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(±)-1-Phenylethyl Alcohol >98.0%(GC)
Treatt
Styrallyl Alcohol
Vigon International
Styrallyl Alcohol Purified
(Phenyl Methyl Carbinol)
Odor: MILD, HYACINTH-LIKE
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
8 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
gavage-rat LD50 [sex: M] 400 mg/kg
(Smyth & Carpenter, 1944)

oral-mouse LD50 558 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 29(11), Pg. 51, 1985.

intravenous-dog LDLo 200 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 15, Pg. 129, 1920.

oral-rat LD50 400 mg/kg
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 26, Pg. 269, 1944.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-guinea pig LD50 > 15 ml/kg
"Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 695, 1969.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 250 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 116, Pg. 154, 1958.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for styralyl alcohol usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 27.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 72.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -9.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -4.60000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -0.30000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -3.80000
fruit ices: -3.80000
gelatins / puddings: -4.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -6.80000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 16 (FGE.16): Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 16, Revision 1 (FGE.16Rev1)[1]: Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21- Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 69, (FGE.69)[1] - Consideration of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aromatic ketones from chemical group 21 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.16 (2006) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 16, Revision 2 (FGE.16Rev2): Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of aromatic ketones, secondary alcohols and related esters belonging to chemical group 21 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):98-85-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7409
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 2937
WGK Germany:1
1-phenylethanol
Chemidplus:0000098851
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:DO9275000 for cas# 98-85-1
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 1-phenylethanol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:98-85-1
Pubchem (cid):7409
Pubchem (sid):134971464
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C07112
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB32619
FooDB:FDB010562
Haz-Map:View
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
grade: fcc
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
anisic
ortho-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
benzoin absolute replacer
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resin
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
peru balsam resinoid
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
floral
acetophenone
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
para-
anisaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
para-
anisyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
para-
anisyl nitrile
FR
anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
earthy indane
FR
para-
ethyl acetophenone
FL/FR
gardenia absolute
FR
gardenia acetal
FR
gardenia concrete
FR
gardenia decalone
FR
gardenia oxide
FR
gardenia pentyl acetate
FR
hawthorn acetate
FR
hawthorn carbinol
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
jasmone
FR
lavender oil
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
phenethyl butyl ether
FR
phenyl glycol diacetate
FR
(R)-2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
propiophenone
FL/FR
iso
propyl anthranilate
FL/FR
styralyl formate
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
fruity
4-(para-
tolyl)-2-butanone
FL/FR
green
benzyl hexanoate
FL/FR
green dioxolane
FR
iso
green methanoindene
FR
4-
methyl-4-phenyl pentanone
FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
acorn acetate
FR
chamomile oil morocco
FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
melaleuca quinquenervia water
FR
licorice
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
medicinal
meta-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
mentholic
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
(R)-(+)-
pulegone
FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
1-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
vinyl phenol
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
smoky
propyl paraben
CS
spicy
clove bud oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillylidene acetone
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
woody
hinoki root oil
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
para-
anisyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
benzyl hexanoate
FL/FR
para-
ethyl acetophenone
FL/FR
(R)-2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
propyl anthranilate
FL/FR
styralyl formate
FL/FR
4'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL
anise
anise
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
anisic
ortho-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
benzoin absolute replacer
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resin
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
peru balsam resinoid
FL/FR
vanillylidene acetone
FL/FR
chemical
meta-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
citrus
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
floral
heliotropyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
propiophenone
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
4-(para-
tolyl)-2-butanone
FL/FR
herbal
lavender oil
FL/FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
1-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
vinyl phenol
FL/FR
powdery
acetophenone
FL/FR
spicy
clove bud oil
FL/FR
hawthorn carbinol
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
woody
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRapricot
FRcastoreum
FRcherry
FRfloral
FRgardenia
FRgrape
FRhawthorn
FRhoney
FRhoneysuckle
FRhyacinth
FRlilac
FRlily
FRmimosa
FRnarcissus
FRpeach
FRvanilla
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 mushroom
Search PMC Picture
 tea
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 benzenemethanol, a-methyl-
 benzyl alcohol, a-methyl-
 ethanol, 1-phenyl-
(1-hydroxyethyl) benzene
(1-hydroxyethyl)benzene
alpha-methyl benzene methanol
alpha-methyl benzyl alcohol
 methyl phenyl carbinol
a-methyl-benzyl alcohol
(1)-a-methylbenzyl alcohol
a-methylbenzyl alcohol
alpha-methylbenzyl alcohol
1-phenethan-1-ol
1-phenethyl alcohol
alpha-phenethyl alcohol
dL-1-phenethylalcohol
1-phenyl ethan-1-ol
1-phenyl ethanol
1-phenyl ethyl alcohol
alpha-phenyl ethyl alcohol
1-phenyl-1-hydoxyethane
1-phenyl-1-hydroxyethane
1-phenylethan-1-ol
(±)-1-phenylethanol
(rac)-phenylethanol
1-phenylethanol
a-phenylethanol
(±)-1-phenylethyl alcohol
a-phenylethyl alcohol
dL-1-phenylethyl alcohol
 styrallyl alcohol
 styrallyl alcohol purified
 

Articles:

PubMed:Occurrence of Glycosidically Conjugated 1-Phenylethanol and Its Hydrolase β-Primeverosidase in Tea (Camellia sinensis) Flowers.
PubMed:Forced degradation and impurity profiling: recent trends in analytical perspectives.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of twelve sweeteners and nine preservatives in foods by solid-phase extraction and LC-MS/MS].
PubMed:Immobilization and Biochemical Properties of the Enantioselective Recombinant NStcI Esterase of Aspergillus nidulans.
PubMed:A sensitivity-improved enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for fenvalerate: a new approach for hapten synthesis and application to tea samples.
PubMed:Comparison of chiral electrophoretic separation methods for phenethylamines and application on impurity analysis.
PubMed:Enantiomer separation of imidazo-quinazoline-dione derivatives on quinine carbamate-based chiral stationary phase in normal phase mode.
PubMed:Effects of adlay hull extracts on uterine contraction and Ca2+ mobilization in the rat.
PubMed:Lorcaserin, a novel selective human 5-hydroxytryptamine2C agonist: in vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization.
PubMed:Evaluation of performance of a commercial monoclonal antibody-based fenitrothion immunoassay and application to residual analysis in fruit samples.
PubMed:New insights into the photoreactivity of the organophosphorus pesticide fenthion: a sigma aryl cation as a key intermediate in the photodecomposition.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic method for putrescine and cadaverine in shrimp.
PubMed:Photodecomposition of an acaricide, fenazaquin, in aqueous alcoholic solution.
PubMed:Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the pyrethroid deltamethrin.
PubMed:Novel fatty acid esters of p-coumaryl alcohol in epicuticular wax of apple fruit.
PubMed:Floral Origin Markers of Chestnut and Lime Tree Honeys.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic detection of Dowtherm A contamination in oleochemicals and edible oils.
PubMed:Determination of bromate in bread by capillary gas chromatography with a mass detector (GC/MS).
PubMed:NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of a-Methylbenzyl Alcohol (CAS No. 98-85-1) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed:Esterification of the hydrolysis product of the herbicide dichlorfop-methyl in methanol.
PubMed:Photochemistry of bioactive compounds. Photodecomposition of 2-(1,3-dioxolane-2-yl)-phenyl-N-methyl carbamate.
 
Notes:
Flavouring agent. Present in tea aroma, mushroom volatiles, European cranberry, chive, Scotch spearmint oil, cheeses, spirits, white wine, cocoa and roasted filbert Flavouring agent
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