benzyl alcohol
phenylmethyl alcohol

Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name: phenylmethanol
CAS Number: 100-51-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other: 1336-27-2
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-859-9
FDA UNII: LKG8494WBH
Nikkaji Web: J4.009F
Beilstein Number: 0878307
MDL: MFCD00004599
CoE Number: 58
XlogP3: 1.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 108.13996000
Formula: C7 H8 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
GrADI: 0-5 (JECFA, 1997a).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
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Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 25 benzyl alcohol
JECFA Food Additive: Benzyl Alcohol
Flavis Number: 02.010 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 02.010 benzyl alcohol
DG SANTE Food Additives: benzyl alcohol
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: benzyl alcohol
FEMA Number: 2137 benzyl alcohol
FDA Mainterm: BENZYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1210 Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart B--Drugs
Sec. 73.1001 Diluents in color additive mixtures for drug use exempt from certification.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Halogens: passes test for chlorinated compounds & peroxides
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 1.04100 to 1.04600 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.662 to 8.704
Specific Gravity: 1.04200 to 1.04700 @ 20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 8.681 to 8.722
Refractive Index: 1.53850 to 1.54050 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -16.00 to -14.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 205.00 to 206.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 124.00 to 125.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point: -15.00 °C.
Acid Value: 0.50 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.094000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 3.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 250.00 °F. TCC ( 96.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.100
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light. store under nitrogen.
Storage: store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 ethyl alcohol, 1:1.5 in 50% alcohol
 ethyl alcohol, 1:8-9 in 30% alcohol
 most organic solvents
 water, 1:25 in water
 water, 4.29E+04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: medium
Substantivity: 35 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 floral rose phenolic balsamic
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %.
floral rose phenolic balsamic
Luebke, William tgsc, (1981)
 sweet floral fruity chemical
Odor Description:
Sweet, floral, fruity with chemical nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 4, 59, (1990)
Flavor Type: fruity
 chemical fruity cherry almond balsamic bitter
Taste Description:
chemical fruity cherry almond balsamic bitter
 chemical fruity balsamic
Taste Description:
at 50.00 ppm.
Chemical, fruity with balsamic nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 4, 59, (1990)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Symrise
Benzyl alcohol DD
Odor Description: very mild, nearly neutral, little characteristic, slightly reminiscent of almond and naphthalene
Taste Description: weak, somewhat chemical
Frutarom
BENZYL ALCOHOL ≥99.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor Description: Floral, Rose
Suggested Uses: Apricot, Bakery, Cherry, Chocolate, Hard Fruits, Soft Fruits, Tea, Tobacco
Moellhausen
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Odor Description: delicate, sweet, aromatic floral (jasmin notes)
Taste Description: chemical, fruity, balsamic notes
Pell Wall Perfumes
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor Description: Floral-rose, phenolic, balsamic, mild and with only a very slight almond note
Benzyl alcohol appears in many flower and herb GC and headspace analyses and appears to act as a natural fixative and blending agent in flower scents: it can be used in a similar way in fragrance creation. This is fragrance grade material of high purity: when benzyl alcohol develops a distinct almond note it is due to the formation of benzaldehyde – if this happens discard it and buy fresh.
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
preservatives
solvents
viscosity controlling agents
 
Suppliers:
Aceto
Benzyl Alcohol NF FCC Kosher
Advanced Biotech
BENZYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Sweet and fruity
Alfrebro
BENZYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Odor: Sharp, Burning, Fruity
Allan Chemical
Benzyl Alcohol
Anhui Haibei
Benzyl Alcohol natural
Anhui Haibei
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor: Bitter almond odor and taste
Astral Extracts
Benzyl Alcohol
Augustus Oils
Benzyl Alcohol
Services
Aurochemicals
BENZYL ALCOHOL, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
BENZYL ALCOHOL Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Benzyl alcohol
Berjé
Benzyl Alcohol
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Alcohol ACS
CG Herbals
Benzyl Alcohol
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL EP-USP/NF
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL NF
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL PERFUME GRADE
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL PG INH
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL STABILIZED PREMIX 13
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL, PURE
Charkit Chemical
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Connect Chemicals
Benzyl Alcohol
Covalent Chemical
Benzyl Alcohol
Creatingperfume.com
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor: Delicate, sweet, aromatic floral (jasmine notes)
Diffusions Aromatiques
ALCOOL BENZYLIQUE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
ALCOOL BENZYLIQUE
ECSA Chemicals
Benzyl Alcohol
Company Profile
Elan Inc.
BENZYL ALCOHOL
(natural), Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Alcohol
Emerald Kalama Chemical
Kalama® Benzyl Alcohol - NF/Parenteral
Emerald Kalama Chemical
Kalama® Benzyl Alcohol NF/FCC
99.9%, min.
Odor: characteristic
Use: Benzyl Alcohol is best known for its low volatility and toxicity, functioning as a coalescent, solvent, biostat, and as a starting material in synthesis. It is the right choice for a large number of pharmaceutical, personal care, food and technical applications.
Emerald Kalama Chemical
Kalama® Benzyl Alcohol Technical
Odor: characteristic
Use: Kalama® Benzyl alcohol Technical grade is used as a general solvent in the formulation of inks and lacquers where its low volatility and low toxicity are advantageous. It is used as a raw material in the manufacture of various esters (such as benzyl formate, acetate, propionate, and butyrate) which are extensively used in the flavor and fragrance industries. KalamaTMBenzyl alcohol is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of polypeptides and is used extensively as a non-reactive diluent in epoxy resin coatings, where it reduces the viscosity and raises product flexibility. Other areas of application for benzyl alcohol include cosmetics and personal care formulations as well as coatings and lacquers.
Ernesto Ventós
BENZYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Ernesto Ventós
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Odor: FRUITY, MILD, SWEET
Excellentia International
Benzyl Alcohol Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Benzylalcohol (GC) ≥99%
Fleurchem
benzyl alcohol natural
Fleurchem
benzyl alcohol
Frutarom
BENZYL ALCOHOL
≥99.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor: Floral, Rose
Use: Suggested Uses: Apricot, Bakery, Cherry, Chocolate, Hard Fruits, Soft Fruits, Tea, Tobacco
Fuzhou Farwell
Benzyl Alcohol
George Uhe Company
Benzyl Alcohol
Available in FCC
Global Essence
Benzyl Alcohol Natural
Global Essence
Benzyl Alcohol
Graham Chemical
Benzyl Alcohol
Grau Aromatics
BENZYL ALCOHOL
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Benzyl alcohol Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
Indenta Group
Benzyl Alcohol
Indukern F&F
BENZYL ALCOHOL FCC
Odor: FLORAL, ROSY, FRUITY, SWEET
Indukern F&F
BENZYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Inoue Perfumery
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Keva
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Kingyoung Bio Technical
Benzyl Alcohol
Kraft Chemical
Benzyl Alcohol
Kunshan Sainty
Benzyl Alcohol, Kosher
Kunshan Sainty
Benzyl Alcohol, Natural
Lluch Essence
BENZYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Lluch Essence
BENZYL ALCOHOL
M&U International
BENZYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
M&U International
NAT.BENZYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
Moellhausen
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Moellhausen
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Odor: delicate, sweet, aromatic floral (jasmin notes)
Flavor: chemical, fruity, balsamic notes
Naturamole
benzyl alcohol 98% natural EU
O'Laughlin Industries
BENZYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
OQEMA
Benzyl Alcohol
OQEMA
Benzyl Alcohol
PCW France
Benzyl Alcohol
Steps to a fragranced product
Pearlchem Corporation
Benzyl Alcohol
Pearlchem Corporation
Natural Benzyl Alcohol
Pell Wall Perfumes
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor: Floral-rose, phenolic, balsamic, mild and with only a very slight almond note
Use: Benzyl alcohol appears in many flower and herb GC and headspace analyses and appears to act as a natural fixative and blending agent in flower scents: it can be used in a similar way in fragrance creation. This is fragrance grade material of high purity: when benzyl alcohol develops a distinct almond note it is due to the formation of benzaldehyde – if this happens discard it and buy fresh.
Penta International
BENZYL ALCOHOL FCC, Kosher
Penta International
BENZYL ALCOHOL N.F., Kosher
Penta International
BENZYL ALCOHOL NF/BP/EP GRADE, Kosher
Penta International
BENZYL ALCOHOL, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor: light floral rose delicate sweet aromatic floral jasmin
Perfumery Laboratory
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor: Sweet, soft, balsamic
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Benzyl Alcohol Natural
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Benzyl Alcohol
Prinova
Benzyl Alcohol
Prodasynth
BENZYL ALCOHOL > 99
Odor: FRUITY, MILD, SWEET
Reincke & Fichtner
Benzyl Alcohol natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Benzyl Alcohol
Robertet
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Pure & Nat (EU)
Sigma-Aldrich
Benzyl alcohol, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Odor: berry; cherry; grapefruit; citrus; walnut
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Benzyl alcohol, natural, ≥98%, FG
Odor: berry; cherry; grapefruit; citrus; walnut
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Alcohol anhydrous, 99.8%
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Alcohol, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Silver Fern Chemical
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Benzyl alcohol is used as a general solvent for inks, paints, lacquers and epoxy coatings. Benzyl alcohol is also a precursor to a variety of esters, used in the manufacture of soap, perfume and flavors.
Silverline Chemicals
Benzyl Alcohol FFC/B.P.
SRS Aromatics
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Odor: Floral, Rose, Phenolic, Balsamic
Sunaux International
Benzyl Alcohol
Sunaux International
nat.Benzyl Alcohol
Symrise
Benzyl alcohol DD
Odor: very mild, nearly neutral, little characteristic, slightly reminiscent of almond and naphthalene
Flavor: weak, somewhat chemical
Synerzine
Benzyl Alcohol
SysKem Chemie
Benzyl Alcohol
Taytonn
Benzyl Alcohol
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Alcohol >99.0%(GC)
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
Benzyl Alcohol
The Good Scents Company
benzyl alcohol
Odor: floral rose phenolic balsamic
The John D. Walsh Company
Benzyl Alcohol
The Lermond Company
Benzyl Alcohol
The Perfumers Apprentice
Benzyl Alcohol
Odor: Faint, nondescript odor, rather sweet, varies
Treatt
Benzyl Alcohol
Ungerer & Company
Benzyl Alcohol 99.66%
Ungerer & Company
Benzyl Alcohol Natural
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
BEHENYL ALCOHOL PELLETS
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
BENZYL ALCOHOL NF KOSHER
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
BENZYL ALCOHOL PHOTO GRADE
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
BENZYL ALCOHOL TECHNICAL
Vigon International
Benzyl Alcohol FCC
Vigon International
Benzyl Alcohol Natural FCC
WEN International
BENZYL ALCOHOL Natural
Zanos
Benzyl Alcohol
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 20/22 - Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302; Acute toxicity, Inhalation (Category 4), H332
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H401
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H302 + H332 - Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H401 - Toxic to aquatic life
Precautionary statement(s)
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P312 + P330 - IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth.
P304 + P340 + P312 - IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you feel unwell.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
10 % solution: non-sensitising.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rabbit LD50 1040 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

oral-rat LD50 2979 mg/kg
(Ciba-Geigy Corp., 1945)

oral-rat LD50 2080 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

gavage-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] 1230 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] 1570 mg/kg
(Damment, 1980)

oral-rat LD50 3100 mg/kg
(Smyth et al., 1951a)

gavage-mouse LD50 1580 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-mouse LD50 1150 mg/kg
(Carter et al., 1958)

oral-bird - wild LD50 100 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 21, Pg. 315, 1972.

intravenous-cat LDLo 625 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 16, Pg. 1, 1920.

intravenous-dog LDLo 50 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 18, Pg. 60, 1971.

parenteral-dog LDLo 9 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 25, Pg. 153, 1973.

oral-guinea pig LD50 2500 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 81, 1985.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 650 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Vol. 75, Pg. 702, 1986.

intravenous-mouse LD50 324 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 135, Pg. 330, 1962.

oral-mouse LD50 1360 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 81, 1985.

oral-rabbit LD50 1040 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 2000 mg/kg
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 6, 1974.

skin-cat LDLo 10000 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

subcutaneous-rat LDLo 1700 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: COMA KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: MIOSIS (PUPILLARY CONSTRICTION): EYE
Revue Medicale de la Suisse Romande. Vol. 15, Pg. 561, 1895.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LCLo 1000 ppm/8H
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 4, Pg. 119, 1951.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.20 % (1)
Category 2:  0.20 %
Category 3:  0.90 %
Category 4:  2.70 %
Category 5:  1.40 %
Category 6:
See Note (1)
4.30 % (1)
Category 7:  0.40 %
Category 8:  2.00 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 13000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 37000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -220.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -15.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -1200.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -160.00000
fruit ices: -160.00000
gelatins / puddings: 21.0000045.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -47.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the evaluation of the substances currently on the list in the Annex to Commission Directive 96/3/EC as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils – Part I of III
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 100-51-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 244
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WISER: UN 3334
WGK Germany: 1
 phenylmethanol
Chemidplus: 0000100516
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 100-51-6
 
References:
 phenylmethanol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 100-51-6
Pubchem (cid): 244
Pubchem (sid): 134972706
Flavornet: 100-51-6
Pherobase: View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00556
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB03119
FooDB: FDB008745
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01426
Export Tariff Code: 2906.21.0000
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-one
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
6,7,8-
decen-1-ol
FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
amber
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
animal
costus valerolactone
FR
para-
cresyl caprylate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
4-
ethoxyphenol
CS
anisic
para-
acetanisole
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl benzoate
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl benzoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl butyrate
FL/FR
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
geranyl benzoate
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
pine needle absolute
FL/FR
prenyl benzoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl cinnamate
FL/FR
terpinyl benzoate
FR
terpinyl butyrate
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
buttery
acetoin
FL/FR
chocolate
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
citrus
abronia fragrance
FR
citronitrile (Symrise)
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
earthy
dibenzyl ether
FL/FR
ethereal
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
fatty
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
floral
acetal 318
FR
iso
amyl angelate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl acetate
FL/FR
amyl cyclopentenone
CS
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
amyl undecylenate
FL/FR
benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
benzyl acetone
FL/FR
benzyl formate
FL/FR
benzyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
butyl benzyl ether
FL/FR
cananga oil
FL/FR
cananga oil china
FL/FR
cardamom absolute
FL/FR
champaca absolute
FR
citronellal
FL/FR
laevo-
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl acetone
FL/FR
citronellyl anthranilate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl acetate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl salicylate
FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrogeranyl linalool
FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
ethyl phenoxyacetate
FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl ethyl acetal
FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyran
FR
floral pyranol
FR
floral undecenone
FR
gardenia oxide
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt fractions
FR
geranium oil terpeneless
FL/FR
geranium petiole oil india
FL/FR
geranium rose oil
FL/FR
geranium rose-scented oil cuba
FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl linalool
FL/FR
geranyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
glycoacetal
FR
hawthorn ethanol
FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
honeysuckle absolute
FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute china (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute india (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin acetate
FL/FR
jasmin lactone (IFF)
FL/FR
jasmin pyranol
FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
para-
jasmone
FR
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
lilyall
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalyl benzoate
FL/FR
magnolia indene
FR
menthadienyl formate
FR
methoxymelonal
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
musk acetate
FR
narcissus acetate
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
octyl isovalerate
FL/FR
pentenyl cyclopentanone
FR
peony alcohol
FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl benzoate
FL/FR
phenethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
phenethyl lactate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
phenoxyethanol
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde digeranyl acetal
FR
1-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
1-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl propionate
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-3-buten-2-ol
FL/FR
(Z,E)-
phytol
FL/FR
primrose fragrance
FR
reseda acetal
FR
rhodinol substitues
FL/FR
rhodinyl acetate substitutes
FL/FR
rhodinyl benzoate
FR
rosa alba flower oil CO2 extract
FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) turkey
FL/FR
rose absolute pentanol
FR
rose acetate
FR
rose blossom pentanol
FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
rose concrete (rosa centifolia)
FR
rose concrete (rosa damascena)
FR
rose oil (rosa centifolia) egypt
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) iran
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) turkey
FL/FR
rose oil replacer
FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
rose pyran
FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
tea acetate
FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
tuberolide
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from concrete)
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
tuberose acetate
FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower absolute
FL/FR
fruity
allyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
allyl cinnamate
FL/FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
balsam specialty
FR
benzaldehyde glycrol acetal
FL/FR
benzyl isovalerate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
cherry propanol
FL/FR
cinnamyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl crotonate
FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
diethyl succinate
FL/FR
eriocephalus punctulatus flower oil
FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
ethyl para-methyl-beta-phenyl glycidate
FR
green acetate
FR
3-
mercaptohexyl acetate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
plum crotonate
FR
rhubarb pyran
FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl 3-(2-furan) propionate
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
iso
green methanoindene
FR
2-
heptyl tetrahydrofuran
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
hexoxyacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
lilac acetaldehyde
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-
methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzene
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
picea glauca leaf absolute
FR
herbal
buchu oxime
FR
chamomile valerate
FR
clary propyl acetate
FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
american
elder flower absolute
FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl propionate
FL/FR
methyl cyclogeranate (Firmenich)
FR
rose oil (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
honey
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
melon
watermelon ketone
FR
minty
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
mossy
veramoss (IFF)
FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
phenolic
para-
cresol
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
amyl isoeugenol
FR
homo
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl isovalerate
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
maja fragrance
FR
(E)-para-
methoxycinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
terpenic
frankincense oil
FL/FR
tobacco
honey absolute
FL/FR
tonka
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanillin
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
phytyl acetate
FL/FR
woody
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
rhubarb oxirane
FR
santall
FR
santalyl butyrate
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
allyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
allyl cinnamate
FL/FR
amyl angelate
FL
iso
amyl angelate
FL/FR
iso
amyl undecylenate
FL/FR
homo
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
butyl benzyl ether
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
citronellyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
2,4-
difurfuryl furan
FL
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-one
FL/FR
ethyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
O-
ethyl S-(2-furyl methyl) thiocarbonate
FL
geranyl benzoate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl linalool
FL/FR
3-
heptyl acetate
FL
jasmin lactone (IFF)
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-para-
methoxycinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
(±)-3-((2-
methyl-3-furyl)thio)-2-butanone
FL
narcissus acetate
FL/FR
nonanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
octyl isovalerate
FL/FR
phenethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
phenethyl lactate
FL/FR
phenoxyethanol
FL/FR
1-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl propionate
FL/FR
phytyl acetate
FL/FR
pine needle absolute
FL/FR
prenyl benzoate
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
rhodinyl acetate substitutes
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) turkey
FL/FR
santalyl butyrate
FL/FR
terpinyl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
iso
amyl 3-(2-furan) propionate
FL/FR
benzyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
animal
animal
para-
cresyl caprylate
FL/FR
anisic
para-
acetanisole
FL/FR
aromatic
para-
cresyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl benzoate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
1-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
(Z,E)-
phytol
FL/FR
iso
propyl cinnamate
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
rhodinol substitues
FL/FR
burnt
ethyl 2-furoate
FL
chemical
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
creamy
acetoin
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
earthy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
cananga oil
FL/FR
cananga oil china
FL/FR
cardamom absolute
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
laevo-
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
geranium oil terpeneless
FL/FR
geranium petiole oil india
FL/FR
geranium rose oil
FL/FR
geranyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
pseudo
ionone
FL
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute china (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute india (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin acetate
FL/FR
linalyl benzoate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl benzoate
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa centifolia) egypt
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) iran
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa damascena) turkey
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from concrete)
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower absolute
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzaldehyde glycrol acetal
FL/FR
benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl acetone
FL/FR
benzyl formate
FL/FR
benzyl isovalerate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl benzoate
FL/FR
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
cherry pomegranate flavor
FL
cherry propanol
FL/FR
cinnamyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl isovalerate
FL/FR
citronellyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
dibenzyl ether
FL/FR
diethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
2-
hexyl-4-acetoxytetrahydrofuran
FL
lilac acetaldehyde
FL/FR
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
methoxymelonal
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
rose oil (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
honey
benzyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
honey absolute
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
lactonic
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
medicinal
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
phenolic
para-
cresol
FL/FR
para-
cresyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
powdery
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
spicy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamyl acetate
FL/FR
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
4-
methyl biphenyl
FL
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
3-
mercaptohexyl acetate
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanillin
FL/FR
waxy
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-3-buten-2-ol
FL/FR
tuberolide
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 almondFR
 appleFR
 apricotFR
 berryFR
 blueberryFR
 bouquetFR
 bread bakedFR
 bread crust 
 butterFR
 cassiaFR
 champaca champakFR
 cherryFR
 chocolate cacao 
 cinnamonFR
 cloveFR
 coconutFR
 cranberryFR
 enhancer 
 figFR
 fixer 
 gardeniaFR
 gingerbreadFR
 grapeFR
 honey mielFR
 honeysuckle chevrefeuilleFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 jasminFR
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 lavenderFR
 leatherFR
 lemonFR
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 narcissus narcisseFR
 nutFL
 nut walnutFL
 orangeFR
 orris irisFR
 peachFR
 pearFR
 peru balsamFL/FR
 pina coladaFR
 plum blossom 
 popcornFR
 pumpkin pieFR
 raspberryFR
 roseFR
 rose whiteFR
 spiceFR
 strawberryFR
 tea blackFL
 tea greenFR
 tuberoseFR
 vanillaFR
 wallflowerFR
 ylang ylangFR
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 acacia cavenia hook.
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 acacia sweet acacia
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 apple fruit
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 apricot fruit
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 basil oil
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 bean black bean stem oil
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 bilberry fruit juice
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 blueberry fruit juice
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 boronia absolute @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga odorata oil java @ 0.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga oil china @ 1.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carnation absolute @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassie absolute @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 castoreum
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 champaca absolute @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 2.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
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 clove bud oil @ 0.52%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove leaf oil @ 1.39%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove plant
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 clove stem oil india @ 1.53%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 copaiba
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 cranberry fruit
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 elder black elder flower oil
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 elder black elder leaf oil
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 feverfew flower oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fig fruit
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 fig fruit/leaf
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 fig leaf
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 grape leaf
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 grapefruit juice
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 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 1.78-1.95%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hyssop flower
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 hyssop leaf
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 hyssop oil
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 jasmin absolute concrete egypt @ 0.75%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 1.06-1.75%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete italy @ 1.79%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jasmin oil italy @ 0.48%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 1.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lovage root
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 mandarin fruit
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 michelia champaca
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 narcissus absolute @ 1.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 21.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 4.79%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 neroli
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 orris
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 osmanthus absolute @ 0.19%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pandanus odoratissitmus
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 papaya fruit
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 peach fruit
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 peppermint leaf
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 peru balsam
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 plum fruit
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 prunus laurocerasus
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 robinia pseudacacia
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 rose absolute morocco @ 1.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 roselle fruit
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 roselle leaf
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 rosemary plant
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 rugula herb
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 spearmint oil
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 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
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 tea leaf
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 tea leaf oil
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 tea shoot
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 tobacco
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 tolu balsam
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 tomato fruit
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 tuberose
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 violet flower absolute @ %
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 violet leaf
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 walnut black walnut fruit
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 walnut black walnut oil
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 watermelon fruit juice
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 wine
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 ylang ylang
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 ylang ylang oil @ 2.20%
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 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.04%
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Synonyms:
 benzencarbinol
 benzene carbinol
 benzene methanol
 benzenecarbinol
 benzenemethanol
 benzoyl alcohol
nat.benzyl alcohol
 benzyl alcohol DD
 benzyl alcohol FCC
 benzyl alcohol N.F.
 benzyl alcohol natural
 benzyl alcohol NF FCC
 benzylalcohol
 benzylic alcohol
 benzylicum
(hydroxymethyl) benzene
(hydroxymethyl)benzene
 hydroxytoluene
a-hydroxytoluene
alpha-hydroxytoluene
 methanol, phenyl-
 phenol carbinol
 phenyl carbinol
 phenyl carbinolum
 phenyl methanol
 phenyl methyl alcohol
 phenyl-methanol
 phenylmethan-1-ol
 phenylmethanol
 phenylmethyl alcohol
a-toluenol
alpha-toluenol
 ulesfia
 

Articles:

PubMed: Chemical composition and aroma evaluation of essential oils from Evolvulus alsinoides L.
PubMed: Waterpipe smoking: analysis of the aroma profile of flavored waterpipe tobaccos.
PubMed: Polymer characterization and optimization of conditions for the enhanced bioproduction of benzaldehyde by Pichia pastoris in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor.
PubMed: Enhancement of volatile aglycone recovery facilitated by acid hydrolysis of glucosides from Nicotiana flower species.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds in Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra Sieb. et Zucc.) by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and olfactometry (GC-O).
PubMed: 1-methylcyclopropene effects on temporal changes of aroma volatiles and phytochemicals of fresh-cut cantaloupe.
PubMed: Grape contribution to wine aroma: production of hexyl acetate, octyl acetate, and benzyl acetate during yeast fermentation is dependent upon precursors in the must.
PubMed: A comprehensive evaluation of the toxicology of cigarette ingredients: aromatic and aliphatic alcohol compounds.
PubMed: Supercritical fluid extraction of peach (Prunus persica) almond oil: process yield and extract composition.
PubMed: Simultaneous Distillation Extraction of Some Volatile Flavor Components from Pu-erh Tea Samples-Comparison with Steam Distillation-Liquid/Liquid Extraction and Soxhlet Extraction.
PubMed: The biosynthesis and regulation of biosynthesis of Concord grape fruit esters, including 'foxy' methylanthranilate.
PubMed: The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed: Glycosidically bound volatiles and flavor precursors in Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: [Analysis on the volatile flavor compounds in Agaricus blazei by GC-MS].
PubMed: Flavor composition of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (Croton species) honeys.
PubMed: Phase behavior and component partitioning in low water content amorphous carbohydrates and their potential impact on encapsulation of flavors.
PubMed: Acetyl-CoA:benzylalcohol acetyltransferase--an enzyme involved in floral scent production in Clarkia breweri.
PubMed: Key volatile aroma compounds of three black velvet tamarind (Dialium) fruit species.
PubMed: Aroma enhancement and enzymolysis regulation of grape wine using β-glycosidase.
PubMed: Chemical composition and aroma evaluation of essential oils from Evolvulus alsinoides L.
PubMed: Prediction of Muscat aroma in table grape by analysis of rose oxide.
PubMed: Free and glycosidically bound aroma compounds in cherry (Prunus avium L.).
PubMed: An approach to heparin and lidocaine hypersensitivity for the interventional nephrologist.
PubMed: Topical ivermectin 0.5% lotion for treatment of head lice.
PubMed: Purification and gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry of aroma compounds from green tea products and comparison to bulk analysis.
PubMed: Comparative quantitative analysis of headspace volatiles and their association with BADH2 marker in non-basmati scented, basmati and non-scented rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars of India.
PubMed: Static liquid permeation cell method for determining the migration parameters of low molecular weight organic compounds in polyethylene terephthalate.
PubMed: Formation of complex natural flavours by biotransformation of apple pomace with basidiomycetes.
PubMed: Mechanism of the synergistic inactivation of Escherichia coli by UV-C light at mild temperatures.
PubMed: Qualitative and quantitative measures of various compounded formulations of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate.
PubMed: Enhancement of volatile aglycone recovery facilitated by acid hydrolysis of glucosides from Nicotiana flower species.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds in Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra Sieb. et Zucc.) by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and olfactometry (GC-O).
PubMed: 1-methylcyclopropene effects on temporal changes of aroma volatiles and phytochemicals of fresh-cut cantaloupe.
PubMed: A toxicological and dermatological assessment of aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid ester derivatives when used as fragrance ingredients.
PubMed: Grape contribution to wine aroma: production of hexyl acetate, octyl acetate, and benzyl acetate during yeast fermentation is dependent upon precursors in the must.
PubMed: Identification of three novel polyphenolic compounds, origanine A-C, with unique skeleton from Origanum vulgare L. using the hyphenated LC-DAD-SPE-NMR/MS methods.
PubMed: Characterization of the volatile profile of thistle honey using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A toxicological and dermatological assessment of aryl alkyl alcohols when used as fragrance ingredients.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on benzyl alcohol.
PubMed: Effect of grape polyphenols on lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria growth: resistance and metabolism.
PubMed: Bound aroma compounds of Gual and Listán blanco grape varieties and their influence in the elaborated wines.
PubMed: Characterization of the bound volatile extract from baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta).
PubMed: Multivariate analysis of volatile compounds detected by headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography: A tool for sensory classification of cork stoppers.
PubMed: Head lice.
PubMed: Aroma changes due to second fermentation and glycosylated precursors in Chardonnay and Riesling sparkling wines.
PubMed: Use of microfungi in the treatment of oak chips: possible effects on wine.
PubMed: Chemical compositions, antifungal and antioxidant activities of essential oil and various extracts of Melodorum fruticosum L. flowers.
PubMed: Supercritical fluid extraction of peach (Prunus persica) almond oil: process yield and extract composition.
PubMed: Assessment of genotoxic effects of benzyl derivatives by the comet assay.
PubMed: Probiotic lactic acid bacterium from kanjika as a potential source of vitamin B12: evidence from LC-MS, immunological and microbiological techniques.
PubMed: Getting the bugs out: FDA approves new treatment for head lice...
PubMed: Persistence and distribution of pesticide residues in fresh agricultural food consumed in the province of Bologna.
PubMed: Formocresol blood levels in children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia.
PubMed: Antifeedants and feeding stimulants in bark extracts of ten woody non-host species of the pine weevil, Hylobius abietis.
PubMed: Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of the Brazilian Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
PubMed: Evaluation of the glycoside hydrolase activity of a Brettanomyces strain on glycosides from sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) used in the production of special fruit beers.
PubMed: Floral attractants for the female soybean looper, Thysanoplusia orichalcea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed: Characterization of a benzyl alcohol dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1.
PubMed: Genotoxicity testing of four benzyl derivatives in the Drosophila wing spot test.
PubMed: Chemical profiling and gene expression profiling during the manufacturing process of Taiwan oolong tea "Oriental Beauty".
PubMed: Concentrations of 17beta-estradiol in Holstein whole milk.
PubMed: Isotopic criteria in the characterization of aromatic molecules. 2. Influence of the chemical elaboration process.
PubMed: Difference in the volatile composition of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to their grades.
PubMed: Antifungal activities of major tea leaf volatile constituents toward Colletorichum camelliae Massea.
PubMed: Generation of phenylpropanoid pathway-derived volatiles in transgenic plants: rose alcohol acetyltransferase produces phenylethyl acetate and benzyl acetate in petunia flowers.
PubMed: Glycosidically bound volatiles and flavor precursors in Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of volatile antioxidants found in various beans on malonaldehyde formation in horse blood plasma.
PubMed: Characterization of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase of Helicobacter pylori. An aldehyde dismutating enzyme.
PubMed: Intestinal SGLT1-mediated absorption and metabolism of benzyl beta-glucoside contained in Prunus mume: carrier-mediated transport increases intestinal availability.
PubMed: Aroma characteristics of stored tobacco cut leaves analyzed by a high vacuum distillation and canister system.
PubMed: Hydrolysis of glycosidically bound volatiles from apple leaves (Cv. Anna) by Aspergillus niger beta-glucosidase affects the behavior of codling moth (Cydia pomonella L.).
PubMed: Off-vine grape drying effect on volatile compounds and aromatic series in must from Pedro Ximénez grape variety.
PubMed: Biodegradation of beta-cyfluthrin by fungi.
PubMed: Antioxidative activities of volatile extracts from green tea, oolong tea, and black tea.
PubMed: Contribution of benzenemethanethiol to smoky aroma of certain Vitis vinifera L. wines.
PubMed: Characterization of an extracellular salicyl alcohol oxidase from larval defensive secretions of Chrysomela populi and Phratora vitellinae (Chrysomelina).
PubMed: Flavor composition of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (Croton species) honeys.
PubMed: Interaction of an odorant lactone with model phospholipid bilayers and its strong fluidizing action in yeast membrane.
PubMed: In vitro efficacy of plant volatiles for inhibiting the growth of fruit and vegetable decay microorganisms.
PubMed: Enzymatic synthesis of aroma compound xylosides using transfer reaction by Trichoderma longibrachiatum xylanase.
PubMed: Essential oil constituents and in vitro antimicrobial activity of Decalepis hamiltonii roots against foodborne pathogens.
PubMed: Composition of the volatiles from intact and mechanically pierced tea aphid-tea shoot complexes and their attraction to natural enemies of the tea aphid.
PubMed: Final report on the safety assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate.
PubMed: Competitive binding of aroma compounds by beta-cyclodextrin.
PubMed: Inhibition of malonaldehyde formation from blood plasma oxidation by aroma extracts and aroma components isolated from clove and eucalyptus.
PubMed: Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors in melĂłn de olor fruit pulp (Sicana odorifera).
PubMed: Shifting the biotransformation pathways of L-phenylalanine into benzaldehyde by Trametes suaveolens CBS 334.85 using HP20 resin.
PubMed: The effect of air-drying on glycosidically bound volatiles from seasonally collected origano (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) from Croatia.
PubMed: Analysis of glycosidically bound aroma precursors in tea leaves. 1. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of glycosides with aglycons as aroma compounds.
PubMed: Aroma potential of two bairrada white grape varieties: Maria Gomes and Bical.
PubMed: Antioxidant properties of aroma compounds isolated from soybeans and mung beans.
PubMed: Production and characterization of a monoclonal antibody against the beta-adrenergic agonist ractopamine.
PubMed: Reconstitution of purified, active and malonyl-CoA-sensitive rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase I: relationship between membrane environment and malonyl-CoA sensitivity.
PubMed: A technique for extraction and thin layer chromatography visualization of fecal bile acids applied to neotropical felid scats.
PubMed: Phase behavior and component partitioning in low water content amorphous carbohydrates and their potential impact on encapsulation of flavors.
PubMed: Metabolism of N-nitrosobenzylmethylamine by human cytochrome P-450 enzymes.
PubMed: Kinetics of activation of latent mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) tyrosinase by benzyl alcohol.
PubMed: (Z)-3-hexenyl and trans-linalool 3,7-oxide beta-primeverosides isolated as aroma precursors from leaves of a green tea cultivar.
PubMed: 2-Chloro-1,4-dimethoxybenzene cation radical: formation and role in the lignin peroxidase oxidation of anisyl alcohol.
PubMed: Biotransformation of the major fungal metabolite 3,5-dichloro- p-anisyl alcohol under anaerobic conditions and its role in formation of Bis(3,5-dichloro-4-Hydroxyphenyl)methane.
PubMed: Adherence of two film-forming medications to the oral mucosa.
PubMed: "Inactive" ingredients in pharmaceutical products: update (subject review). American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Drugs.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Forty-sixth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed: Electron spin resonance studies of fatty acid-induced alterations in membrane fluidity in cultured endothelial cells.
PubMed: Liquid chromatographic determination of atropine in nerve gas antidotes and other dosage forms.
PubMed: Effects of gavage versus dosed feed administration on the toxicokinetics of benzyl acetate in rats and mice.
PubMed: Determination of bromate in bread by capillary gas chromatography with a mass detector (GC/MS).
PubMed: Characterization of esterase and alcohol dehydrogenase activity in skin. Metabolism of retinyl palmitate to retinol (vitamin A) during percutaneous absorption.
PubMed: Kairomone from dandelion,Taraxacum officinale, attractant for scarab beetleAnomala octiescostata.
PubMed: Disruption of endothelial barrier function: relationship to fluidity of membrane extracellular lamella.
PubMed: Evaluation of phototoxic properties of some food additives: sulfites exhibit prominent phototoxicity.
PubMed: Development of a specific radioimmunoassay for the detection of clenbuterol residues in treated cattle.
PubMed: In vivo percutaneous absorption of fragrance ingredients in rhesus monkeys and humans.
PubMed: Natural pesticides and bioactive components in foods.
PubMed: Modified liquid chromatographic method for determination of gentian violet in animal feed.
PubMed: NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzyl Alcohol (CAS No. 100-51-6) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed: In vivo effects of aurothioglucose and sodium thioglucose on rat tissue sulfhydryl levels and plasma sulfhydryl reactivity.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. II. Use of specific metabolic inhibitors to define the pathway leading to the formation of benzylmercapturic acid in the rat.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. I. Effect of dose size and vehicle on the plasma pharmacokinetics and metabolism of [methylene-14C]benzyl acetate in the rat.
PubMed: A repartitioning agent to improve performance and carcass composition of broilers.
PubMed: Susceptibility of strawberries, blackberries, and cherries to Aspergillus mold growth and aflatoxin production.
 
Notes:
Good blender. jasmin accord - cyclamen aldehyde and benzyl alcohol. a colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. it is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with lidocaine injection. also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring. Constit. of jasmine and other ethereal oils, both free and as esters. Also present in cherry, orange juice, mandarin peel oil, guava fruit, feijoa fruit, pineapple, leek, cinnamon, cloves, mustard, fermented tea, basil and red sage. Flavouring ingredient Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure. (Wikipedia)
 
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