capsaicin
trans-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide
 
Notes:
an alkylamide found in capsicum that acts at trpv cation channels. Flavouring ingredient. Pungent principle of various Capsicum spp. (Solanaceae) Capsaicin (pronounced /kp?se??s?n/) (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide, (CH3)2CHCH=CH(CH2)4CONHCH2C6H3-4-(OH)-3-(OCH3)) is the active component of chili peppers, which are plants belonging to the genus Capsicum. It is an irritant for mammals, including humans, and produces a sensation of burning in any tissue with which it comes into contact. Capsaicin and several related compounds are called capsaicinoids and are produced as a secondary metabolite by chili peppers, probably as deterrents against certain herbivores and fungi. Pure capsaicin is a hydrophobic, colorless, odorless, crystalline to waxy compound.; Capsaicin is a banned substance in equestrian sports because of its hypersensitizing and pain relieving properties. At the show jumping events of the 2008 Summer Olympics, four horses tested positive for the substance, resulting in disqualification.; Capsaicin is a highly irritant material requiring proper protective goggles, respirators, and proper hazardous material handling procedures. It is hazardous in cases of skin contact (irritant, sensitizer), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation (lung irritant, lung sensitizer). Severe over-exposure to pure capsaicin can result in death; the lethal dose (LD50 in mice) is 47.2 mg/kg. Numerous other adverse health effects can occur in mammals.; Capsaicin is identified as the primary pungent principle in Capsicum fruits. Hot chili peppers that belong to the plant genus Capsicum (family Solanaceae) are among the most heavily consumed spices throughout the world. The capsaicin content of green and red peppers ranges from 0.1 to 1%. Capsaicin evokes numerous biological effects and thus has been the target of extensive., investigations since its initial identification in 1919. One of the most recognized physiological properties of capsaicin is its selective effects on the peripheral part of the sensory nervous system, particularly on the primary afferent neurons. The compound is known to deplete the neurotransmitter of painful impulses known as substance P from the sensory nerve terminals, which provides a rationale for its use as a versatile experimental tool for studying pain mechanisms and also for pharmacotherapy to treat some peripheral painful states, such as rheumatoid arthritis, post-herpetic neuralgia, post-mastectomy pain syndrome and diabetic neuropathy. Considering the frequent consumption of capsaicin as a food additive and its current therapeutic application, correct assessment of any harmful effects of this compound is important from the public health standpoint. Ingestion of large amounts of capsaicin has been reported to cause histopathological and biochemical changes, including erosion of gastric mucosa and hepatic necrosis. However, there are contradictory data on the mutagenicity of capsaicin. A recent epidemiological study conducted in Mexico revealed that consumers of chili pepper were at higher risk for gastric cancer than non-consumers. However, it remains unclear whether capsaicin present in hot chili pepper is a major causative factor in the aetiology of gastric cancer in humans. A growing number of recent studies have focused on anticarcinogenic or antimutagenic phytochemicals, particularly those included in human diet. In summary, capsaicin has dual effects on chemically induced carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. Although a minute amount of capsaicin displays few or no deleterious effects, heavy ingestion of the compound has been associated with necrosis, ulceration and even carcinogenesis. Capsaicin is considered to be metabolized by cytochrome P-450-dependent mixed-function oxidases to reactive species. (PMID: 8621114); Prolonged activation of these neurons by capsaicin depletes presynaptic substance P, one of the body's neurotransmitters for pain and heat. Neurons that do not contain TRPV1 are unaffected. This causes extended numbness following surgery, and the patient does not feel pain as the capsaicin is applied under anesthesia.; The burning and painful sensations associated with capsaicin result from its chemical interaction with sensory neurons. Capsaicin, as a member of the vanilloid family, binds to a receptor called the vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1). First cloned in 1997, VR1 is an ion channel-type receptor. VR1, which can also be stimulated with heat and physical abrasion, permits cations to pass through the cell membrane and into the cell when activated. The resulting depolarization of the neuron stimulates it to signal the brain. By binding to the VR1 receptor, the capsaicin molecule produces the same sensation that excessive heat or abrasive damage would cause, explaining why the spiciness of capsaicin is described as a burning sensation.; The research team led by David Julius of UCSF showed in 1997 that capsaicin selectively binds to a protein known as TRPV1 that resides on the membranes of pain and heat sensing neurons. TRPV1 is a heat activated calcium channel, which opens between 37 and 45 C. When capsaicin binds to TRPV1, it causes the channel to open below 37 C (normal human body temperature), which is why capsaicin is linked to the sensation of heat.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
(E)-N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methylnon-6-enamide (Click)
CAS Number: 404-86-4Picture of molecule
Other: 912457-62-6
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 206-969-8
FDA UNII: S07O44R1ZM
Nikkaji Web: J1.529F
Beilstein Number: 2816484
MDL: MFCD00017259
CoE Number: 2299
XlogP3-AA: 3.60 (est)
Molecular Weight: 305.41779000
Formula: C18 H27 N O3
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 3404  capsaicin
FDA Mainterm: N-(4-HYDROXY-3-METHOXYBENZYL)-8-METHYL-6-NONENAMIDE
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white to pale yellow crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.94600 @  25.00 °C.
Refractive Index: 1.45200 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 62.00 to  65.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 210.00 to  220.00 °C. @ 0.01 mm Hg
Flash Point: 505.00 °F. TCC ( 262.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.327 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: refrigerate in tightly sealed containers.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 ether
 water, 4.409 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
mild warm herbal
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
skin conditioning
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Apiscent Labs
CAPSAICIN 94% non-GMP
Odor: Mild, warm-herbaceous
Apiscent Labs
CAPSAICIN 99% GMP
Odor: Mild, warm-herbaceous
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Capsaicin (HPLC) ≥95%
George Uhe Company
Capsaicin
Indenta Group
Capsaicin 95%
Jiangyin Healthway
Capsaicin
New functional food ingredients
Kalsec
capsaicin
Odor: bland
Use: Capsaicin and oleoresin capsicum are popularly used ingredients in both "over-the-counter" and prescription topical analgesics. Used as a counter-irritant, capsaicin is believed to have a desensitizing effect on nerves, thus providing substantial relief from the pain associated with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, herpes zoster, and diabetic neuropathy.
Kalsec® Capsicum and Capsaicin Concentrates are natural, highly purified, and highly concentrated extractives of Capsicum frutescens L. and/or Capsicum annuum L. (chili peppers). The extractives contain at least five pungent compounds known as capsaicinoids. Three Major Capsaicinoids, capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin, and nordihydrocapsaicin, predominate.
Penta International
CAPSAICIN NATURAL 65%, Kosher
Penta International
CAPSAICIN NATURAL 98%, Kosher
Penta International
CAPSAICIN NATURAL USP, Kosher
Penta International
CAPSAICIN SYNTHETIC (CONGEALED SOLID), Kosher
Penta International
CAPSAICIN SYNTHETIC (POWDER), Kosher
Penta International
CAPSAICIN SYNTHETIC, 10% IN BENZYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
Penta International
CAPSAICIN SYNTHETIC, 10% IN ETHYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Capsaicin ≥95%, from Capsicum sp.
Synthite Industries
95% Capsaicin/Capsicum
E-books and Brochures
Synthite Industries
Capsaicin/Capsicum oil, Decolorized
Synthite Industries
Capsaicin/Capsicum w/s, Decolorized
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Capsaicin >60.0%(LC), (Natural)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
T - Toxic.
R 25 - Toxic if swallowed.
R 37/38 - Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 42/43 - May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 22 - Do not breath dust.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/39 - Wear suitable clothing and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-mouse LD50  47200 ug/kg
Yakhak Hoe Chi. Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society. Vol. 25(3), Pg. 101, 1981.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  9500 ug/kg
BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

intraperitoneal-rabbit LD50  > 50 mg/kg
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

intravenous-mouse LD50  400 ug/kg
Yakhak Hoe Chi. Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society. Vol. 25(3), Pg. 101, 1981.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  6500 ug/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

intraperitoneal-hamster LD50  > 120 mg/kg
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

intraperitoneal-guinea pig LD50  1100 ug/kg
BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

intravenous-cat LDLo  1600 ug/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 48A, Pg. 60, 1970.

intramuscular-mouse LD50  7800 ug/kg
BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

intratracheal-mouse LD50  1600 ug/kg
BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-mouse LD50 > 512 mg/kg
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 9000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY)
Toxicon. Vol. 18, Pg. 215, 1980.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for capsaicin usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 7
Click here to view publication 7
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: -7.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: -5.00000
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -5.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: -5.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 404-86-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 1548943
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 2811
WGK Germany: 3
 (E)-N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methylnon-6-enamide
Chemidplus: 0000404864
RTECS: RA8530000 for cas# 404-86-4
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 (E)-N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methylnon-6-enamide
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 404-86-4
Pubchem (cid): 1548943
Pubchem (sid): 134973471
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06866
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB02227
FooDB: FDB012411
Export Tariff Code: 2924.29.4400
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status: View
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•formulation types registered: dry powder, liquid formulation and liquid spray ground •trade names: hot pepper wax; hot sauce; super hot pepper guard.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 lavandulyl acetateFL/FR
wild layana oil zimbabwe 
 artemisyl alcohol 
 boldo leaf oil italyCS
isobutyl tiglateFL/FR
delta-cadinol 
 calamenene 
trans-dihydrocarvone 
cis-dihydrocarvone 
 humulene oxide I 
 laurel wood oil 
(-)-lavandulolFL/FR
 layana oil kenya 
 layana oil zimbabwe 
para-menth-1-en-9-alFL/FR
(E)-beta-ocimeneFL/FR
trans-pinocarveolFL/FR
beta-selinene 
 skimmia laureola oil 
 tuberose lactoneFL/FR
 yarrow leaf oilFL/FR
aldehydic
 agrumen nitrileFR
N/i-tridecanalFR
alliaceous
 dibutyl sulfideFL/FR
animal
isobutyl quinolineFR
anisic
 amyl furoateFL/FR
 methyl para-anisateFL/FR
balsamic
 balsam ketoneFR
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 bornyl formateFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
dextro-fenchoneFL/FR
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
 guaieneFL/FR
buttery
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
camphoreous
 herbal ethanoneFR
caramellic
 diethyl malateFL/FR
cheesy
2-heptanoneFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot acetoacetateFR
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 dimyrcetol (IFF)FR
2-heptanolFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenyl acetateFR
 yuzu peel oilFL/FR
3-octanolFL/FR
2-octanoneFL/FR
(Z)-4-octen-1-olFL/FR
3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
1-octen-3-oneFL/FR
2-octyl acetateFL/FR
 spathulenol 
ethereal
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
fatty
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
floral
 acetal 318FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 amyl salicylateFL/FR
 anise indeneFR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 bigarade oxideFR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
 butyl tiglateFR
 cassis cyclohexeneFR
 cinnamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl isovalerateFL/FR
 citronellyl valerateFL/FR
 citrus propanolFR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 dihydro-alpha-iononeFL/FR
 dihydroisojasmonate methyl esterFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dihydrorose oxideFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanolFR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl safranateFR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 geranium oil moroccoFL/FR
 geranyl tiglateFL/FR
 heliotrope absoluteFR
 herbal pyranFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
beta-ionolFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
 karo karounde absoluteFR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
grosso lavandin oilFL/FR
 lavender oilFL/FR
 menthadienyl formateFR
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
 neryl formateFL/FR
 nonan-3-yl acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 nonisyl propionateFR
 nonyl heptanoate 
(Z)-beta-ocimeneFL/FR
alloocimeneFL/FR
 octyl acetateFL/FR
2-pentyl cyclopentanoneFR
 petitgrain bigarade oilFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
isophytolFL/FR
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
 propyl anthranilateFL/FR
 rose pyranFR
 rose undeceneFR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
fruity
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
 geranyl methyl tiglate 
 green acetateFR
para-menth-1-ene-9-olFL/FR
2-methyl butyl isovalerateFL/FR
2-nonanoneFL/FR
 perillyl acetateFL/FR
 tropical indeneFR
fungal
 hydroxymethyl hexyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde di-(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetalFL/FR
 acetaldehyde dipropyl acetalFL/FR
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
2-sec-butyl thiazoleFL/FR
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
 carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)FR
 cilantro leaf oilFL/FR
3,5,6-neocyclocitralFR
isocyclocitral (IFF)FL/FR
 heptanal (aldehyde C-7)FL/FR
1-heptanolFL/FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
 heptyl formateFL/FR
(Z)-4-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-4-hexen-1-ol 
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
english ivy leaf absoluteFR
 leafy acetalFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 phenethyl tiglateFL/FR
 privet dioxaneFR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
herbal
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 acetyl tributyl citrateFL/FR
 acorn acetateFR
 amber dioxepineFR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
isoamyl tiglateFL/FR
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 apium graveolens seed oil indiaFL/FR
 artemisyl ketoneFL/FR
 benzyl octanoateFL/FR
 bornyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 bornyl butyrateFL/FR
beta-bourboneneFL/FR
 buchu mercaptan acetateFL/FR
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
3-butyl phthalideFL/FR
3-butylidene phthalideFL/FR
delta-cadinene 
alpha-cadinolFL/FR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 cardamom oleoresinFL/FR
 cardamom seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
 celery ketoneFL/FR
 celery leaf oilFL/FR
 celery seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 celery undeceneFR
 chamomile isobutyrateFR
 chamomile oil moroccoFR
 chamomile propionateFR
 chrysanthemum ketoneFR
 clary acetateFR
 clary propyl acetateFR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 clary sage resinoidFR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
(-)-alpha-cubebene 
 cuminyl acetateFL/FR
2-cyclohexyl cyclohexanoneFR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
 dihexyl (E)-fumarateFR
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
isodihydrolavandulolFR
(Z)-isodihydrolavandulyl acetateFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 dimethyl cyclormol (IFF)FR
2-dodecenalFL/FR
american elder flower absoluteFR
beta-elemeneFL/FR
2,10-epoxypinaneFR
 ethyl chrysanthemateFR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 floral nitrileFR
 geranic oxideFL/FR
 geranyl octanoateFL/FR
3-heptanolFL/FR
 herbal acetalFR
 herbal carbonateFR
 herbal careneFR
cis-herbal cyclohexaneFR
 herbal dioxaneFR
 herbal heptaneFR
 herbal ketoneFR
 herbal undecaneFR
 herbal undecanolFR
 herbal undecanoneFR
delta-hexalactoneFL/FR
 hexyl salicylateFL/FR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
 juniper carboxaldehydeFR
 kachur oil 
 lavandin absoluteFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 levisticum officinale herb oilFL/FR
 levisticum officinale root absoluteFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
para-menthane-3,8-diolFL/FR
trans-para-menthane-3,8-diol 
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
 methyl cyclogeranateFR
 methyl hexyl etherFL/FR
 methyl nicotinateFL/FR
 methyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
2-methyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
(E)-6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
 mistletoe absolute 
T-muurololFL/FR
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
3-nonanolFL/FR
 nonisyl formateFR
 nopyl acetateFR
 ocimene oxiraneFR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
3-octanoneFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl acetateFL/FR
curled parsley herb oilFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
2-pentyl acetateFL/FR
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
 petitgrain heptaneFR
beta-sesquiphellandrene 
 phenethyl senecioateFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 piperitoneFL/FR
3-propylidene phthalideFL/FR
 rue oilFL/FR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 saffron oilFL/FR
 saffron pyranoneFR
 safranalFL/FR
 savin wood oil (juniperus phoenicea)FL/FR
 tagette carboxylateFR
 tea leaf absoluteFL/FR
 terpineol acetateFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
 thyme undecaneFR
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
gamma-valerolactoneFL/FR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
mentholic
laevo-menthyl acetateFL/FR
minty
laevo-carvoneFL/FR
cis-carvone-5,6-oxideFL/FR
dextro-dihydrocarvoneFL/FR
homomenthyl acetateFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
isopulegoneFL/FR
(R)-(+)-pulegoneFL/FR
 tetrahydrocarvoneFL/FR
musk
 angelica root absoluteFL/FR
orris
 orris capronateFL/FR
phenolic
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
pine
 dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproductsFR
spicy
isobutyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienamideFL/FR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
 carnation absoluteFR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
trans-carveolFL/FR
cis-carveolFL/FR
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 cinnamon acroleinFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cumin seed oilFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
 cuminyl alcoholFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 levisticum officinale root oilFL/FR
4-isopropyl-2-cyclohexenoneFL/FR
(±)-1,2,5,6-tetrahydrocuminic acidFL/FR
terpenic
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
thujonic
 woody ketoneFL/FR
tonka
 deertongue absoluteFR
 deertongue oleoresinFR
(±)-dihydromint lactoneFL/FR
 flouve absoluteFR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
 octahydrocoumarinFL/FR
tropical
 genet absoluteFL/FR
waxy
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 methyl octanoateFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
woody
(R)-gamma-cadinene 
 campheneFL/FR
(+)-campheneFL/FR
 cedarwood oil port orfordFR
 cistus twig/leaf absoluteFR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
2-decalinyl acetateFR
alpha-farneseneFL/FR
 herbal norbornaneFR
 longifoleneFL/FR
 marine formateFR
gamma-muurolene 
 patchouli absoluteFR
 polylimoneneFL/FR
 sandal cyclopentaneFR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
 verdoxanFR
 woody acetateFR
 woody cyclohexanoneFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 acetaldehyde di-(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetalFL/FR
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 acetyl tributyl citrateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 amyl furoateFL/FR
isoamyl tiglateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 artemisyl alcohol 
 artemisyl ketoneFL/FR
 benzyl methyl tiglateFL
 benzyl octanoateFL/FR
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
 bornyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 bornyl butyrateFL/FR
 bornyl formateFL/FR
beta-bourboneneFL/FR
isobutyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienamideFL/FR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
3-butyl phthalideFL/FR
2-sec-butyl thiazoleFL/FR
4-butyl thiazoleFL
isobutyl tiglateFL/FR
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
(R)-gamma-cadinene 
delta-cadinene 
alpha-cadinolFL/FR
delta-cadinol 
 calamenene 
(+)-campheneFL/FR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
cis-carveolFL/FR
trans-carveolFL/FR
cis-carvone-5,6-oxideFL/FR
 celery ketoneFL/FR
 cinnamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 citronellyl isovalerateFL/FR
 citronellyl valerateFL/FR
(-)-alpha-cubebene 
 cuminyl acetateFL/FR
isocyclocitral (IFF)FL/FR
 cyclopropyl (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienamideFL
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 diethyl malateFL/FR
2,5-diethyl tetrahydrofuranFL
trans-dihydrocarvone 
cis-dihydrocarvone 
(3S,3aS,7aR)-dill etherFL
2,4-dimethyl anisoleFL
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
beta-elemeneFL/FR
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
 fig leaf absoluteFL
 geranyl octanoateFL/FR
 guaieneFL/FR
3-heptanolFL/FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-hexadien-1-olFL
 hexyl salicylateFL/FR
 humulene oxide I 
 hydroxymethyl hexyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 kachur oil 
 laurel wood oil 
(-)-lavandulolFL/FR
 lavandulyl acetateFL/FR
 layana oil kenya 
 layana oil zimbabwe 
wild layana oil zimbabwe 
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 longifoleneFL/FR
para-menth-1-en-9-alFL/FR
para-menthane-3,8-diolFL/FR
trans-para-menthane-3,8-diol 
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
 methyl nicotinateFL/FR
 methyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 methyl para-anisateFL/FR
1-methyl pyrroleFL
2-methyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
(E)-6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
 mistletoe absolute 
gamma-muurolene 
T-muurololFL/FR
 nonan-3-yl acetateFL/FR
3-nonanolFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 nonyl heptanoate 
alloocimeneFL/FR
(E)-beta-ocimeneFL/FR
1,5-octadien-3-olFL
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-octen-1-olFL/FR
 octyl acetateFL/FR
2-octyl acetateFL/FR
beta-sesquiphellandrene 
 phenethyl senecioateFL/FR
trans-pinocarveolFL/FR
 piperitenone oxideFL
 piperitolFL
(Z)-piperitolFL
trans-piperitolFL
 piperitoneFL/FR
 polylimoneneFL/FR
 propyl anthranilateFL/FR
2-propyl thiazoleFL
4-isopropyl-2-cyclohexenoneFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
isopulegoneFL/FR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 savin wood oil (juniperus phoenicea)FL/FR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
beta-selinene 
 spathulenol 
 tea leaf absoluteFL/FR
 terpineol acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
(±)-1,2,5,6-tetrahydrocuminic acidFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
 tuberose lactoneFL/FR
gamma-valerolactoneFL/FR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
 woody ketoneFL/FR
 yarrow leaf oilFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
 hexyl 3-mercaptobutanoateFL
 skimmia laureola oil 
acidic
(E)-2-hexenoic acidFL
amber
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
aromatic
 amyl salicylateFL/FR
 leafy acetalFL/FR
balsamic
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
berry
 dihydro-alpha-iononeFL/FR
 perillyl acetateFL/FR
camphoreous
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
 campheneFL/FR
 geranic oxideFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
celery
3-butylidene phthalideFL/FR
cheesy
2-heptanoneFL/FR
2-nonanoneFL/FR
citrus
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 cilantro leaf oilFL/FR
2-pentyl acetateFL/FR
 petitgrain bigarade oilFL/FR
 yuzu peel oilFL/FR
coconut
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
 octahydrocoumarinFL/FR
cooling
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
dextro-fenchoneFL/FR
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
homomenthyl acetateFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
corn chip
2-acetyl-2-thiazolineFL
creamy
 acetyl ethyl carbinolFL
 dihydrocoumarinFL
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
delta-hexalactoneFL/FR
 massoia lactoneFL
3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
dairy
2-octanoneFL/FR
earthy
1-octen-3-oneFL/FR
ethereal
 methyl hexyl etherFL/FR
fatty
2-dodecenalFL/FR
 heptyl formateFL/FR
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
floral
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 geranium oil moroccoFL/FR
 geranyl tiglateFL/FR
beta-ionolFL/FR
fruity
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
 buchu mercaptan acetateFL/FR
 geranyl methyl tiglate 
2-heptanolFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl isovalerateFL/FR
 neryl formateFL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde dipropyl acetalFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 dibutyl sulfideFL/FR
dextro-dihydrocarvoneFL/FR
alpha-farneseneFL/FR
 heptanal (aldehyde C-7)FL/FR
(Z)-4-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-4-hexen-1-ol 
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl octanoateFL/FR
(Z)-beta-ocimeneFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
 phenethyl tiglateFL/FR
3-propylidene phthalideFL/FR
 sorbyl acetateFL
hay
 genet absoluteFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 apium graveolens seed oil indiaFL/FR
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
 cardamom oleoresinFL/FR
 cardamom seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 celery leaf oilFL/FR
 celery seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 celery seed oleoresinFL
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 lavandin absoluteFL/FR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
grosso lavandin oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 lavender oilFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
para-menth-1-ene-9-olFL/FR
 orris capronateFL/FR
curled parsley herb oilFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
curled parsley seed oleoresinFL
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
 rue oilFL/FR
 saffron oilFL/FR
lactonic
(±)-dihydromint lactoneFL/FR
medicinal
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
minty
laevo-carvoneFL/FR
laevo-menthyl acetateFL/FR
(R)-(+)-pulegoneFL/FR
 tetrahydrocarvoneFL/FR
mushroom
3-octanoneFL/FR
musk
 angelica root absoluteFL/FR
musty
3-octanolFL/FR
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
naphthyl
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
oily
isophytolFL/FR
phenolic
 propyl 2-furoateFL
solvent
1-heptanolFL/FR
spicy
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 cinnamon acroleinFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cumin seed oilFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
 cuminyl alcoholFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 levisticum officinale herb oilFL/FR
 levisticum officinale root absoluteFL/FR
 levisticum officinale root oilFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
 paprika oleoresinFL
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
terpenic
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
waxy
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
woody
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 herbalFL
 pepper 
 skin conditioning 
 spice 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 capsicum
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne tissue culture
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger plant
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper sap
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper tissue culture
Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 axsain
(E)-capsaicin
 capsaicin 94% non-GMP
 capsaicin 99% GMP
 capsaicin natural
 capsaicin natural 65%
 capsaicin natural 98%
 capsaicin natural USP
 capsaicin synthetic (congealed solid)
 capsaicin synthetic (powder)
 capsaicin synthetic, 10% in benzyl alcohol
 capsaicin synthetic, 10% in ethyl alcohol
 capsidol
 capsin P 50
 capzasin
isodecenoic acid vanillyl amide
isodecenoic acid vanillylamide
 farmaya, capsicum
 gelcen
(6E)-N-{[4-hydroxy-3-(methyloxy)phenyl]methyl}-8-methylnon-6-enamide
(6E)-N-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-8-methyl-6-nonenamide
N-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-8-methyl-6-nonenamide
(6E)-N-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-8-methylnon-6-enamide
(E)-N-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-8-methylnon-6-enamide
(E)-N-((4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-methyl)-8-methyl-6-nonenamide
(E)-N-((4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl)-8-methyl-6-nonenamide
(E)-N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methyl-6-nonenamide
(6E)-N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methylnon-6-enamide
(E)-N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methylnon-6-enamide
 katrum
(E)-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide
trans-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide
8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide, (E)-
8-methyl-N-vanillyl-trans-6-nonenamide
(E)-8-methyl-non-6-enoic acid 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzylamide
6-nonenamide, 8-methyl-N-vanillyl-, (E)-
6-nonenamide, N-((4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl)-8-methyl-, (6E)-
6-nonenamide, N-((4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl)-8-methyl-, (E)-
6-nonenamide, N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methyl-, (6E)-
6-nonenamide, N-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methyl-, (E)-
 qutenza
 ratden PE 40
 styptysat
 transacin
 zacin
 zostrix
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
Info: Capsaicin
PubMed: Attenuation of natural killer cell functions by capsaicin through a direct and TRPV1-independent mechanism.
PubMed: Astringency is a trigeminal sensation that involves the activation of g protein-coupled signaling by phenolic compounds.
PubMed: Identifying flavor preference subgroups. Genetic basis and related eating behavior traits.
PubMed: Mechanisms and clinical uses of capsaicin.
PubMed: Acute effects of capsaicin on proopioimelanocortin mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed: Rapid post-oral stimulation of intake and flavor conditioning by glucose and fat in the mouse.
PubMed: Chemical and pharmacological aspects of capsaicin.
PubMed: Evidence for an integrated oral sensory module in the human anterior ventral insula.
PubMed: Deer responses to repellent stimuli.
PubMed: The role of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 on neural responses to acids by the chorda tympani, glossopharyngeal and superior laryngeal nerves in mice.
PubMed: Functional loss of pAMT results in biosynthesis of capsinoids, capsaicinoid analogs, in Capsicum annuum cv. CH-19 Sweet.
PubMed: Pharmacokinetic and the effect of capsaicin in Capsicum frutescens on decreasing plasma glucose level.
PubMed: Potential of spice-derived phytochemicals for cancer prevention.
PubMed: Learned flavor preferences induced by intragastric administration of rewarding nutrients: role of capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferent fibers.
PubMed: Capsaicin-sensitive afferent vagal fibers are involved in concurrent taste aversion learning.
PubMed: [The role of four natures of medicine in acupoint sticking therapy].
PubMed: Chemesthesis and taste: evidence of independent processing of sensation intensity.
PubMed: Piperine: researchers discover new flavor in an ancient spice.
PubMed: Biotransformation and impact of ferulic acid on phenylpropanoid and capsaicin levels in Capsicum annuum L. cv. P1482 cell suspension cultures.
PubMed: The primate amygdala: Neuronal representations of the viscosity, fat texture, temperature, grittiness and taste of foods.
PubMed: Representations of the texture of food in the primate orbitofrontal cortex: neurons responding to viscosity, grittiness, and capsaicin.
PubMed: Immune-induced flavor aversion in mice: modification by neonatal capsaicin treatment.
PubMed: Lateral parabrachial nucleus lesions in the rat: aversive and appetitive gustatory conditioning.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of selected Indian spices.
PubMed: Ibotenic acid lesions of the parabrachial nucleus and conditioned taste aversion: further evidence for an associative deficit in rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin attenuates feeding suppression but not reinforcement by intestinal nutrients.
PubMed: Effects of oral chemical irritation on tastes and flavors in frequent and infrequent users of chili.
PubMed: Pungent spices, ground red pepper, and synthetic capsaicin as onion fly ovipositional deterrents.
PubMed: Enhancement of responses to sequential presentation of oral chemical irritants.
PubMed: Use of taste repellants and emetics to prevent accidental poisoning of dogs.
PubMed: The color and size of chili peppers (Capsicum annuum) influence Hep-G2 cell growth.
PubMed: Capsaicin as an anti-obesity drug.
PubMed: Physiological and Behavioural Responses to Noxious Stimuli in the Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua).
PubMed: Capsaicin-induced transcriptional changes in hypothalamus and alterations in gut microbial count in high fat diet fed mice.
PubMed: Corn gluten hydrolysate and capsaicin have complimentary actions on body weight reduction and lipid-related genes in diet-induced obese rats.
PubMed: In vivo protective effects of dietary curcumin and capsaicin against alcohol-induced oxidative stress.
PubMed: Increased Acid Responsiveness in Vagal Sensory Neurons in a Guinea Pig Model of Eosinophilic Esophagitis.
PubMed: Difference of the naltrexone's effects in social drinkers by spicy food preference.
PubMed: TRPV1.
PubMed: The capsaicin analog nonivamide decreases total energy intake from a standardized breakfast and enhances plasma serotonin levels in moderately overweight men after administered in an oral glucose tolerance test: A randomized, crossover trial.
PubMed: Astringency is a trigeminal sensation that involves the activation of g protein-coupled signaling by phenolic compounds.
PubMed: Nicotinic acid activates the capsaicin receptor TRPV1: Potential mechanism for cutaneous flushing.
PubMed: Capsaicin increases sensation of fullness in energy balance, and decreases desire to eat after dinner in negative energy balance.
PubMed: Mass spectrometry imaging: applications to food science.
PubMed: Evolution of total and individual capsaicinoids in peppers during ripening of the Cayenne pepper plant (Capsicum annuum L.).
PubMed: Antiobese effects of capsaicin-chitosan microsphere (CCMS) in obese rats induced by high fat diet.
PubMed: Anti-Inflammatory and Antinociceptive Effects of Sterculia striata A. St.-Hil. & Naudin (Malvaceae) in Rodents.
PubMed: Effects of gustatory nerve transection and/or ovariectomy on oral capsaicin avoidance in rats.
PubMed: Influence of vacuum packaging on seed quality and mineral contents in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.).
PubMed: Preparation of a Capsaicin-Loaded Nanoemulsion for Improving Skin Penetration.
PubMed: Activation of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 by eugenol.
PubMed: Identifying flavor preference subgroups. Genetic basis and related eating behavior traits.
PubMed: Experimental healing of preexisting gastric ulcers induced by hormones controlling food intake ghrelin, orexin-A and nesfatin-1 is impaired under diabetic conditions. A key to understanding the diabetic gastropathy?
PubMed: Effect of yellow capsicum extract on proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.
PubMed: Could capsaicinoids help to support weight management? A systematic review and meta-analysis of energy intake data.
PubMed: Antioxidant potential of spices and their active constituents.
PubMed: Potent production of capsaicinoids and capsinoids by Capsicum peppers.
PubMed: Transient receptor potential activated brown fat thermogenesis as a target of food ingredients for obesity management.
PubMed: Acute effect on satiety, resting energy expenditure, respiratory quotient, glucagon-like peptide-1, free fatty acids, and glycerol following consumption of a combination of bioactive food ingredients in overweight subjects.
PubMed: Capsaicin pretreatment increased the bioavailability of cyclosporin in rats: involvement of P-glycoprotein and CYP 3A inhibition.
PubMed: A review of the high-concentration capsaicin patch and experience in its use in the management of neuropathic pain.
PubMed: New satiety hormone nesfatin-1 protects gastric mucosa against stress-induced injury: mechanistic roles of prostaglandins, nitric oxide, sensory nerves and vanilloid receptors.
PubMed: Capsaicin stimulates glucose uptake in C2C12 muscle cells via the reactive oxygen species (ROS)/AMPK/p38 MAPK pathway.
PubMed: Simultaneous near-infrared radiant heating and UV radiation for inactivating Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in powdered red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.).
PubMed: Nonivamide, a capsaicin analog, increases dopamine and serotonin release in SH-SY5Y cells via a TRPV1-independent pathway.
PubMed: An amperometric biosensor utilizing a ferrocene-mediated horseradish peroxidase reaction for the determination of capsaicin (chili hotness).
PubMed: A novel animal model of dysphagia following stroke.
PubMed: Thermal taste and anti-aspiration drugs: a novel drug discovery against pneumonia.
PubMed: [About flavouring substances and flavouring preparations regulation in the field of manufacturing of flavourings and foodstuffs].
PubMed: Vagal afferent mediates the anorectic effect of peripheral secretin.
PubMed: "Chemical-pain sensor" based on nanovesicle-carbon nanotube hybrid structures.
PubMed: Electrochemical evaluation and adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of capsaicin or dihydrocapsaicin on a disposable pencil graphite electrode.
PubMed: Hypocholesterolemic effect of capsaicinoids in rats fed diets with or without cholesterol.
PubMed: Low-concentration capsaicin promotes colorectal cancer metastasis by triggering ROS production and modulating Akt/mTOR and STAT-3 pathways.
PubMed: Personality factors predict spicy food liking and intake.
PubMed: Hypocholesterolemic effect of capsaicinoids by increased bile acids excretion in ovariectomized rats.
PubMed: The hypocholesterolemic effect of capsaicinoids in ovariectomized rats fed with a cholesterol-free diet was mediated by inhibition of hepatic cholesterol synthesis.
PubMed: [A novel method for the identification of illegal cooking oil (1): detection of three capsaicinoids with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed: Brown adipose tissue as a regulator of energy expenditure and body fat in humans.
PubMed: Protective effect of dietary tender cluster beans (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) in the gastrointestinal tract of experimental rats.
PubMed: Pharmacokinetic characteristics of capsaicin-loaded nanoemulsions fabricated with alginate and chitosan.
PubMed: Dietary spices as beneficial modulators of lipid profile in conditions of metabolic disorders and diseases.
PubMed: Gastrin-releasing peptide acts via postsynaptic BB2 receptors to modulate inward rectifier K+ and TRPV1-like conductances in rat paraventricular thalamic neurons.
PubMed: Protective effect of silymarin against ethanol-induced gastritis in rats: role of sulfhydryls, nitric oxide and gastric sensory afferents.
PubMed: Mechanisms of vasorelaxation induced by oleoylethanolamide in the rat small mesenteric artery.
PubMed: Enhanced intestinal uptake of iron, zinc and calcium in rats fed pungent spice principles--piperine, capsaicin and ginger (Zingiber officinale).
PubMed: Capsinoids and related food ingredients activating brown fat thermogenesis and reducing body fat in humans.
PubMed: Enhancement of CGRP sensory afferent innervation in the gut during the development of food allergy in an experimental murine model.
PubMed: Food-drug interactions: effect of capsaicin on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin and its active metabolite in rats.
PubMed: [Therapeutic approach targeting TRP channels and development of anti-aspiration drugs].
PubMed: Combined medium-chain triglyceride and chilli feeding increases diet-induced thermogenesis in normal-weight humans.
PubMed: Involvement of peripheral cannabinoid and opioid receptors in β-caryophyllene-induced antinociception.
PubMed: Enrichment of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases the capsaicinoids content in Habanero peppers (Capsicum chinense Jacq.).
PubMed: Evaluation of adaptive relaxation of the rat stomach using an orally inserted balloon instead of surgical intervention by demonstrating the effects of capsaicin and Nω-nitro-L-arginine methylester.
PubMed: Healthy and adverse effects of plant-derived functional metabolites: the need of revealing their content and bioactivity in a complex food matrix.
PubMed: [6]-Gingerol induces bone loss in ovary intact adult mice and augments osteoclast function via the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 channel.
PubMed: Capsiate improves glucose metabolism by improving insulin sensitivity better than capsaicin in diabetic rats.
PubMed: Why do some like it hot? Genetic and environmental contributions to the pleasantness of oral pungency.
PubMed: Sweet taste and chorda tympani transection alter capsaicin-induced lingual pain perception in adult human subjects.
PubMed: Phytochemicals and their impact on adipose tissue inflammation and diabetes.
PubMed: Effect of caffeine and capsaicin on the blood glucose levels of obese/diabetic KK-A(y) mice.
PubMed: Comparison of the effects of pelargonic acid vanillylamide and capsaicin on human vanilloid receptors.
PubMed: Pancreatic polypeptide and peptide YY3-36 induce Ca2+ signaling in nodose ganglion neurons.
PubMed: Combined treatment with capsaicin and resveratrol enhances neuroprotection against glutamate-induced toxicity in mouse cerebral cortical neurons.
PubMed: Potentiation of hypolipidemic and weight-reducing influence of dietary tender cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) when combined with capsaicin in high-fat-fed rats.
PubMed: Acute effects of capsaicin on proopioimelanocortin mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed: Cholecystokinin enhances visceral pain-related affective memory via vagal afferent pathway in rats.
PubMed: Food-drug interactions: effect of capsaicin on the pharmacokinetics of galantamine in rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin induces CYP3A4 expression via pregnane X receptor and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β activation.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of capsaicinoid in canola oil.
PubMed: Accumulation of SNAP25 in mouse gustatory and somatosensory cortices in response to food and chemical stimulation.
PubMed: Capsaicinoids and capsinoids. A potential role for weight management? A systematic review of the evidence.
PubMed: CCK-induced reduction of food intake and hindbrain MAPK signaling are mediated by NMDA receptor activation.
PubMed: Augmented activity of the pelvic nerve afferent mediated by TRP channels in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis of rats.
PubMed: Capsaicinoids lower plasma cholesterol and improve endothelial function in hamsters.
PubMed: Capsaicin consumption, Helicobacter pylori CagA status and IL1B-31C>T genotypes: a host and environment interaction in gastric cancer.
PubMed: Determination of absolute threshold and just noticeable difference in the sensory perception of pungency.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin on human and rat liver microsomal CYP450 enzyme activities in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed: Capsaicin-mediated tNOX (ENOX2) up-regulation enhances cell proliferation and migration in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed: GHRP-6 mimics ghrelin-induced stimulation of food intake and suppression of locomotor activity in goldfish.
PubMed: Differences in the chemesthetic subqualities of capsaicin, ibuprofen, and olive oil.
PubMed: Gustatory rhinitis.
PubMed: Rapid post-oral stimulation of intake and flavor conditioning by glucose and fat in the mouse.
PubMed: Investigating the effect of emetic compounds on chemotaxis in Dictyostelium identifies a non-sentient model for bitter and hot tastant research.
PubMed: Anti-obesity effects of the methanolic extract and chakasaponins from the flower buds of Camellia sinensis in mice.
PubMed: Fat digestion and absorption in spice-pretreated rats.
PubMed: Capsiate, a non-pungent capsaicin analog, reduces body fat without weight rebound like swimming exercise in mice.
PubMed: Neural regulation of intestinal nutrient absorption.
PubMed: Characterization of the responses of equine digital veins and arteries to calcitonin gene-related peptide.
PubMed: A host-plant specialist, Helicoverpa assulta, is more tolerant to capsaicin from Capsicum annuum than other noctuid species.
PubMed: Chili anyone?
PubMed: Suppression of tumor necrosis factor-α-induced nuclear factor κB activation and aromatase activity by capsaicin and its analog capsazepine.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin on lipid catabolism in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
PubMed: Chemical profile and antinociceptive efficacy of Rheedia longifolia leaf extract.
PubMed: Antilithogenic influence of dietary capsaicin and curcumin during experimental induction of cholesterol gallstone in mice.
PubMed: Evidence for a gut-brain axis used by glucagon-like peptide-1 to elicit hyperglycaemia in fish.
PubMed: Antinociceptive action and redox properties of citronellal, an essential oil present in lemongrass.
PubMed: Suppression of EGF-induced tumor cell migration and matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression by capsaicin via the inhibition of EGFR-mediated FAK/Akt, PKC/Raf/ERK, p38 MAPK, and AP-1 signaling.
PubMed: Stability indicating reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography method for the estimation of capsaicin.
PubMed: Overview of the treatment of allergic rhinitis and nonallergic rhinopathy.
PubMed: Studies on the metabolism and toxicology of emerging capsinoids.
PubMed: Neural proliferation and restoration of neurochemical phenotypes and compromised functions following capsaicin-induced neuronal damage in the nodose ganglion of the adult rat.
PubMed: Dietary capsaicin attenuates metabolic dysregulation in genetically obese diabetic mice.
PubMed: Transient receptor potential (TRP) A1 activated currents in TRPV1 and cholecystokinin-sensitive cranial visceral afferent neurons.
PubMed: Rapid method for the determination of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin in Gochujang using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Influence of dietary spices on the in vivo absorption of ingested β-carotene in experimental rats.
PubMed: Sensory stimulation to improve swallowing reflex and prevent aspiration pneumonia in elderly dysphagic people.
PubMed: [Non-allergic chronic rhinitis.]
PubMed: Capsinoids, non-pungent capsaicin analogs, reduce body fat accumulation without weight rebound unlike dietary restriction in mice.
PubMed: Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of capsiate analogues in polar, nonpolar, and micellar media.
PubMed: Oral epithelial cells are activated via TRP channels.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of fresh and processed Jalapeño and Serrano peppers.
PubMed: The effects of hedonically acceptable red pepper doses on thermogenesis and appetite.
PubMed: Antitumor activity of capsaicin on human colon cancer cells in vitro and colo 205 tumor xenografts in vivo.
PubMed: Brain-gut axis in the modulation of pancreatic enzyme secretion.
PubMed: Novel loss-of-function putative aminotransferase alleles cause biosynthesis of capsinoids, nonpungent capsaicinoid analogues, in mildly pungent chili peppers (Capsicum chinense).
PubMed: Effects of dihydrocapsiate on adaptive and diet-induced thermogenesis with a high protein very low calorie diet: a randomized control trial.
PubMed: Inhibition and induction of human cytochrome P450 enzymes in vitro by capsaicin.
PubMed: Regulation of survival, proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis of tumor cells through modulation of inflammatory pathways by nutraceuticals.
PubMed: Luminal serotonin time-dependently modulates vagal afferent driven antinociception in response to colorectal distention in rats.
PubMed: Simple and novel screening assay of natural antioxidants for Cu(II) ion/adrenaline-mediated oxidation of N-terminal amyloid beta by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Carotenoids modulate cytokine production in Peyer's patch cells ex vivo.
PubMed: Fasting hypometabolism and refeeding hyperphagia in rats: Effects of capsaicin desensitization of the abdominal vagus.
PubMed: Vasorelaxation to N-oleoylethanolamine in rat isolated arteries: mechanisms of action and modulation via cyclooxygenase activity.
PubMed: One-procedure synthesis of capsiate from capsaicin by lipase-catalyzed dynamic transacylation.
PubMed: Cholecystokinin/Cholecystokinin-1 receptor-mediated peripheral activation of the afferent vagus by enteral nutrients attenuates inflammation in rats.
PubMed: Are rice and spicy diet good for functional gastrointestinal disorders?
PubMed: Tissue distribution & elimination of capsaicin, piperine & curcumin following oral intake in rats.
PubMed: Effect of intraperitoneal injection of curcumin on food intake in a goldfish model.
PubMed: Botanicals in dermatology: an evidence-based review.
PubMed: TRPA1-expressing primary afferents synapse with a morphologically identified subclass of substantia gelatinosa neurons in the adult rat spinal cord.
PubMed: Growth, yield, and fruit quality of pepper plants amended with two sanitized sewage sludges.
PubMed: In vitro growth-inhibitory effect of plant-derived extracts and compounds against Paenibacillus larvae and their acute oral toxicity to adult honey bees.
PubMed: Studies of the toxicological potential of capsinoids XIV: a 26-week gavage toxicity study of dihydrocapsiate in rats.
PubMed: Gastrointestinal protective effect of dietary spices during ethanol-induced oxidant stress in experimental rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin accumulation is related to nitrate content in placentas of habanero peppers (Capsicum chinense Jacq.).
PubMed: Long-chain N-vanillyl-acylamides from Capsicum oleoresin.
PubMed: Capsaicin and tocopherol in red pepper seed oil enhances the thermal oxidative stability during frying.
PubMed: Capsaicinoids in the hottest pepper Bhut Jolokia and its antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities.
PubMed: Beneficial influence of dietary spices on the ultrastructure and fluidity of the intestinal brush border in rats.
PubMed: Effects of dietary ingredients on function and expression of P-glycoprotein in human intestinal epithelial cells.
PubMed: Neuroprotection induced by vitamin E against oxidative stress in hippocampal neurons: involvement of TRPV1 channels.
PubMed: Gastroprotective effect of Serjania erecta Radlk (Sapindaceae): involvement of sensory neurons, endogenous nonprotein sulfhydryls, and nitric oxide.
PubMed: Cluster headache.
PubMed: Dietary phytochemicals and human health.
PubMed: Deer responses to repellent stimuli.
PubMed: The role of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 on neural responses to acids by the chorda tympani, glossopharyngeal and superior laryngeal nerves in mice.
PubMed: Olvanil, a non-pungent vanilloid enhances the gastrointestinal toxicity of cisplatin in the ferret.
PubMed: Capsaicin induced the upregulation of transcriptional and translational expression of glycolytic enzymes related to energy metabolism in human intestinal epithelial cells.
PubMed: Immunohistochemical changes in orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides in the rat hypothalamus after capsaicin administration.
PubMed: Olvanil: a non-pungent TRPV1 activator has anti-emetic properties in the ferret.
PubMed: Dietary capsaicin reduces obesity-induced insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in obese mice fed a high-fat diet.
PubMed: High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of capsaicin content in 16 Capsicum fruits from Nepal.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic effect of genistein alone or in combination with capsaicin in TPA-treated rat mammary glands or mammary cancer cell line.
PubMed: GLP-1 secretion is enhanced directly in the ileum but indirectly in the duodenum by a newly identified potent stimulator, zein hydrolysate, in rats.
PubMed: Preparative separation of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin from Capsicum frutescens by high-speed counter-current chromatography.
PubMed: Intra-oral pre-treatment with capsaicin increases consumption of sweet solutions in rats.
PubMed: 5-HT 3 receptors mediate the time-dependent vagal afferent modulation of nociception during chronic food allergen-sensitized visceral hyperalgesia in rats.
PubMed: Dietary regulation of P-gp function and expression.
PubMed: Spice active principles as the inhibitors of human platelet aggregation and thromboxane biosynthesis.
PubMed: The beta-adrenergic antagonist propranolol partly abolishes thermogenic response to bioactive food ingredients.
PubMed: Assessment of capsiconinoid composition, nonpungent capsaicinoid analogues, in capsicum cultivars.
PubMed: Intragastric administration of TRPV1, TRPV3, TRPM8, and TRPA1 agonists modulates autonomic thermoregulation in different manners in mice.
PubMed: Determination of capsinoids by HPLC-DAD in capsicum species.
PubMed: Inflammatory components of adipose tissue as target for treatment of metabolic syndrome.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin, green tea and CH-19 sweet pepper on appetite and energy intake in humans in negative and positive energy balance.
PubMed: Depolarization-induced release of endocannabinoids by murine dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve neurons differentially regulates inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission.
PubMed: Sensory attributes of complex tasting divalent salts are mediated by TRPM5 and TRPV1 channels.
PubMed: Capsaicin binds to prohibitin 2 and displaces it from the mitochondria to the nucleus.
PubMed: Nutritional changes in powdered red pepper upon in vitro infection of Aspergillus flavus.
PubMed: Studies of the toxicological potential of capsinoids: IX. Teratology studies of dihydrocapsiate in rats and rabbits.
PubMed: Studies of the toxicological potential of capsinoids: VIII. A 13-week toxicity study of commercial-grade dihydrocapsiate in rats.
PubMed: Studies of the toxicological potential of capsinoids: VII. A 13-week toxicity study of dihydrocapsiate in rats.
PubMed: Studies of the toxicological potential of capsinoids: IV. Teratology studies of CH-19 Sweet extract in rats and rabbits.
PubMed: Studies of the toxicological potential of capsinoids: III. A two-generation reproduction study of CH-19 Sweet extract in rats.
PubMed: Studies of the toxicological potential of capsinoids: II. A 26-week daily gavage dosing toxicity study of CH-19 Sweet extract in rats.
PubMed: Cancer chemoprevention and mitochondria: targeting apoptosis in transformed cells via the disruption of mitochondrial bioenergetics/redox state.
PubMed: Chili pepper fruits: content and pattern of capsaicinoids in single fruits of different ages.
PubMed: Dietary resistant starch increases hypothalamic POMC expression in rats.
PubMed: Enzymatic treatment to improve extraction of capsaicinoids and carotenoids from chili (Capsicum annuum) fruits.
PubMed: Quantitative determination of capsaicin, a transient receptor potential channel vanilloid 1 agonist, by liquid chromatography quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry: evaluation of in vitro metabolic stability.
PubMed: Alteration of cholinergic, purinergic and sensory neurotransmission in the mouse colon of food allergy model.
PubMed: Nonpungent Capsicum fermentation by Bacillus subtilis and the addition of Rapidase.
PubMed: Biological functions and metabolism of oleoylethanolamide.
PubMed: Intracerebroventricular capsaicin influences the body weight increasing of rats.
PubMed: Effects of chili on postprandial gastrointestinal symptoms in diarrhoea predominant irritable bowel syndrome: evidence for capsaicin-sensitive visceral nociception hypersensitivity.
PubMed: Potential of spice-derived phytochemicals for cancer prevention.
PubMed: Bradykinin regulates human colonic ion transport in vitro.
PubMed: Effect of Maillard reacted peptides on human salt taste and the amiloride-insensitive salt taste receptor (TRPV1t).
PubMed: Chili pepper fruits: presumed precursors of fatty acids characteristic for capsaicinoids.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic analysis of capsaicin in Gochujang.
PubMed: Drosophila TRPA channel modulates sugar-stimulated neural excitation, avoidance and social response.
PubMed: Protective effect of vanilloids against tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced oxidative stress in vero cells culture.
PubMed: Antioxidant and iron-binding properties of curcumin, capsaicin, and S-allylcysteine reduce oxidative stress in rat brain homogenate.
PubMed: Gastroprotective action of orexin-A against stress-induced gastric damage is mediated by endogenous prostaglandins, sensory afferent neuropeptides and nitric oxide.
PubMed: Capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferents modulate posttranscriptional regulation of the rat Na+/glucose cotransporter SGLT1.
PubMed: Isolation of coniferyl esters from Capsicum baccatum L., and their enzymatic preparation and agonist activity for TRPV1.
PubMed: Cluster headache.
PubMed: Screening of biochemical modulator by tumor cell permeability of doxorubicin.
PubMed: The effect of intraperitoneal administration of leptin on short-term food intake in rats.
PubMed: Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of dietary curcumin and capsaicin in induced hypercholesterolemic rats.
PubMed: Safety profile of treatment in diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain.
PubMed: Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of curcumin and capsaicin in high-fat-fed rats.
PubMed: Hydroxy-alpha-sanshool activates TRPV1 and TRPA1 in sensory neurons.
PubMed: Modulation of oral heat and cold pain by irritant chemicals.
PubMed: Capsaicin, a spicy component of hot peppers, modulates adipokine gene expression and protein release from obese-mouse adipose tissues and isolated adipocytes, and suppresses the inflammatory responses of adipose tissue macrophages.
PubMed: Inheritance of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin, determined by HPLC-ESI/MS, in an intraspecific cross of Capsicum annuum L.
PubMed: Involvement of apolipoprotein A-IV and cholecystokinin1 receptors in exogenous peptide YY3 36-induced stimulation of intestinal feedback.
PubMed: Agronomic, chemical and genetic profiles of hot peppers (Capsicum annuum ssp.).
PubMed: The combined effects of capsaicin, green tea extract and chicken essence tablets on human autonomic nervous system activity.
PubMed: Determination of capsaicinoids in habanero peppers by chemometric analysis of UV spectral data.
PubMed: Afferent signalling through the common hepatic branch of the vagus inhibits voluntary lard intake and modifies plasma metabolite levels in rats.
PubMed: Studies on the in vitro absorption of spice principles--curcumin, capsaicin and piperine in rat intestines.
PubMed: Learned flavor preferences induced by intragastric administration of rewarding nutrients: role of capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferent fibers.
PubMed: Use of spray-cooling technology for development of microencapsulated capsicum oleoresin for the growing pig as an alternative to in-feed antibiotics: a study of release using in vitro models.
PubMed: Analgesic properties of oleoylethanolamide (OEA) in visceral and inflammatory pain.
PubMed: Involvement of AMPK signaling cascade in capsaicin-induced apoptosis of HT-29 colon cancer cells.
PubMed: Final report on the safety assessment of capsicum annuum extract, capsicum annuum fruit extract, capsicum annuum resin, capsicum annuum fruit powder, capsicum frutescens fruit, capsicum frutescens fruit extract, capsicum frutescens resin, and capsaicin.
PubMed: Effects of allyl isothiocyanate from horseradish on several experimental gastric lesions in rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin treatment differentially affects feeding suppression by bombesin-like peptides.
PubMed: Effects of CH-19 Sweet, a non-pungent cultivar of red pepper, on sympathetic nervous activity, body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure in humans.
PubMed: Capsaicin induced apoptosis of B16-F10 melanoma cells through down-regulation of Bcl-2.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin on induction of apoptosis and inhibition of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells.
PubMed: Neural aspects of ghrelin-induced gastroprotection against mucosal injury induced by noxious agents.
PubMed: Ghrelin and melatonin in the regulation of pancreatic exocrine secretion and maintaining of integrity.
PubMed: Postherpetic neuralgia.
PubMed: Osteoarthritis of the knee.
PubMed: Neural correlates of IgE-mediated allergy.
PubMed: A nonpungent component of steamed ginger--[10]-shogaol--increases adrenaline secretion via the activation of TRPV1.
PubMed: Determination of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin in capsicum fruits by liquid chromatography-electrospray/time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Analysis of the contents of pungent compounds in fresh Korean red peppers and in pepper-containing foods.
PubMed: Protective effect of dietary curcumin and capsaicin on induced oxidation of low-density lipoprotein, iron-induced hepatotoxicity and carrageenan-induced inflammation in experimental rats.
PubMed: Lipophilicity of capsaicinoids and capsinoids influences the multiple activation process of rat TRPV1.
PubMed: Valine pathway is more crucial than phenyl propanoid pathway in regulating capsaicin biosynthesis in Capsicum frutescens mill.
PubMed: Characterization of capsaicin synthase and identification of its gene (csy1) for pungency factor capsaicin in pepper (Capsicum sp.).
PubMed: Antioxidants in hot pepper: variation among accessions.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin, and curcumin on copper-induced oxidation of human serum lipids.
PubMed: A field test of the directed deterrence hypothesis in two species of wild chili.
PubMed: Purification and structure determination of glucosides of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin from various Capsicum fruits.
PubMed: Prostaglandin/cyclooxygenase pathway in ghrelin-induced gastroprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury.
PubMed: Cholecystokinin hyperresponsiveness in functional dyspepsia.
PubMed: Regulation of food intake by acyl and des-acyl ghrelins in the goldfish.
PubMed: Neonatal capsaicin causes compensatory adjustments to energy homeostasis in rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin accumulation in Capsicum spp. suspension cultures.
PubMed: Body fat loss achieved by stimulation of thermogenesis by a combination of bioactive food ingredients: a placebo-controlled, double-blind 8-week intervention in obese subjects.
PubMed: Response of Drosophila to wasabi is mediated by painless, the fly homolog of mammalian TRPA1/ANKTM1.
PubMed: Pressurized liquid extraction of capsaicinoids from peppers.
PubMed: Capsiate, a nonpungent capsaicin analog, increases endurance swimming capacity of mice by stimulation of vanilloid receptors.
PubMed: Capsaicin and gastric ulcers.
PubMed: Molecular targets of dietary agents for prevention and therapy of cancer.
PubMed: Influence of 8-methyl-nonenoic acid on capsaicin biosynthesis in in-vivo and in-vitro cell cultures of Capsicum spp.
PubMed: Metabolically active functional food ingredients for weight control.
PubMed: Capsaicin-induced cell death in a human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line.
PubMed: A novel acylase from Streptomyces mobaraensis that efficiently catalyzes hydrolysis/synthesis of capsaicins as well as N-acyl-L-amino acids and N-acyl-peptides.
PubMed: Osteoarthritis of the hip.
PubMed: Protective effect of dietary capsaicin on induced oxidation of low-density lipoprotein in rats.
PubMed: Analysis of eight capsaicinoids in peppers and pepper-containing foods by high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Beneficial influence of dietary curcumin, capsaicin and garlic on erythrocyte integrity in high-fat fed rats.
PubMed: Role of central and peripheral ghrelin in the mechanism of gastric mucosal defence.
PubMed: Pungent qualities of sanshool-related compounds evaluated by a sensory test and activation of rat TRPV1.
PubMed: Leptin and CCK modulate complementary background conductances to depolarize cultured nodose neurons.
PubMed: Reduced mechanosensitivity of duodenal vagal afferent neurons after an acute switch from milk-based to plant-based diets in anaesthetized pigs.
PubMed: NMDA channels control meal size via central vagal afferent terminals.
PubMed: Des-acyl ghrelin acts by CRF type 2 receptors to disrupt fasted stomach motility in conscious rats.
PubMed: Improved malonaldehyde assay using headspace solid-phase microextraction and its application to the measurement of the antioxidant activity of phytochemicals.
PubMed: Peripheral exendin-4 and peptide YY(3-36) synergistically reduce food intake through different mechanisms in mice.
PubMed: Rats desensitized by capsaicin alter their food intake regulation especially at cold ambient temperature.
PubMed: CCK enhances response to gastric distension by acting on capsaicin-insensitive vagal afferents.
PubMed: Mechanisms of oleoylethanolamide-induced changes in feeding behavior and motor activity.
PubMed: Biotransformation and impact of ferulic acid on phenylpropanoid and capsaicin levels in Capsicum annuum L. cv. P1482 cell suspension cultures.
PubMed: Versatile new ion source for the analysis of materials in open air under ambient conditions.
PubMed: The primate amygdala: Neuronal representations of the viscosity, fat texture, temperature, grittiness and taste of foods.
PubMed: Nutraceuticals and cancer management.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of the main phenolic compounds isolated from hot pepper fruit (Capsicum annuum L).
PubMed: Aspiration and infection in the elderly : epidemiology, diagnosis and management.
PubMed: Influence of dietary spices on the fluidity of erythrocytes in hypercholesterolaemic rats.
PubMed: Oleoylethanolamide excites vagal sensory neurones, induces visceral pain and reduces short-term food intake in mice via capsaicin receptor TRPV1.
PubMed: Effects of dietary chemopreventive phytochemicals on P-glycoprotein function.
PubMed: Sensory and gastrointestinal satiety effects of capsaicin on food intake.
PubMed: Leptin is able to stimulate pancreatic enzyme secretion via activation of duodeno-pancreatic reflex and CCK release.
PubMed: Pharmacological effects of fermented red pepper.
PubMed: Leptin-induced satiation mediated by abdominal vagal afferents.
PubMed: Effects of perivagal administration of capsaicin on food intake in animals after noxious gastric surgery.
PubMed: Effect of capsaicin on bile secretion in the rat.
PubMed: Renal lesions in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats maintained on onion and capsaicin containing diets.
PubMed: Attenuation of acute experimental colitis by preventing NPY Y1 receptor signaling.
PubMed: Influence of dietary curcumin, capsaicin and garlic on the antioxidant status of red blood cells and the liver in high-fat-fed rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin, a spicy component of hot pepper, induces apoptosis by activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma in HT-29 human colon cancer cells.
PubMed: Transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily 1 expressed in pancreatic islet beta cells modulates insulin secretion in rats.
PubMed: Primate insular/opercular taste cortex: neuronal representations of the viscosity, fat texture, grittiness, temperature, and taste of foods.
PubMed: Capsaicin inhibits the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha by LPS-stimulated murine macrophages, RAW 264.7: a PPARgamma ligand-like action as a novel mechanism.
PubMed: Antioxidant status of red blood cells and liver in hypercholesterolemic rats fed hypolipidemic spices.
PubMed: Expressional changes of neuropeptide Y and cholecystokinin in the arcuate and paraventricular nuclei after capsaicin administration.
PubMed: Orbitofrontal cortex: neuronal representation of oral temperature and capsaicin in addition to taste and texture.
PubMed: Exogenous and endogenous ghrelin in gastroprotection against stress-induced gastric damage.
PubMed: Spice phenolics inhibit human PMNL 5-lipoxygenase.
PubMed: Neural pathways involved in food allergy signaling in the mouse brain: role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents.
PubMed: Capasaicin induced deafferentation enhances the effect of electrical vagal nerve stimulation on food intake and body mass.
PubMed: Effect of capsaicin on cholecystokinin and neuropeptide Y expressions in the brain of high-fat diet fed rats.
PubMed: Effects of sesamin and capsaicin on the mRNA expressions of delta6 and delta5 desaturases in rat primary cultured hepatocytes.
PubMed: Specific synthesis of 5,5'-dicapsaicin by cell suspension cultures of capsicum annuum var. annuum (chili Jalapeño chigol) and their soluble and NaCl-extracted cell wall protein fractions.
PubMed: In vitro influence of spices and spice-active principles on digestive enzymes of rat pancreas and small intestine.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory effects of leptin and cholecystokinin on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats: role of capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferent fibers.
PubMed: Supercritical CO2 as a reaction medium for synthesis of capsaicin analogues by lipase-catalyzed transacylation of capsaicin.
PubMed: Plant cell cultures: Chemical factories of secondary metabolites.
PubMed: Archaeobotanic evidence of the preincaic Chiribaya culture. Determination of capsaicinoids in archaeological samples of Capsicum frutescens and votive foods.
PubMed: Upregulation of uncoupling proteins by oral administration of capsiate, a nonpungent capsaicin analog.
PubMed: Representations of the texture of food in the primate orbitofrontal cortex: neurons responding to viscosity, grittiness, and capsaicin.
PubMed: Botanical briefs: Capsicum peppers.
PubMed: Putrescine facilitated enhancement of capsaicin production in cell suspension cultures of Capsicum frutescens.
PubMed: Suppression of central taste transmission by oral capsaicin.
PubMed: Capsaicin exhibits anti-inflammatory property by inhibiting IkB-a degradation in LPS-stimulated peritoneal macrophages.
PubMed: Evidence for the involvement of a macrophage-derived chemotactic mediator in the neutrophil recruitment induced by staphylococcal enterotoxin B in mice.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of capsinoids.
PubMed: A peripheral mechanism for CB1 cannabinoid receptor-dependent modulation of feeding.
PubMed: The role of the gastric afferent vagal nerve in ghrelin-induced feeding and growth hormone secretion in rats.
PubMed: Simulated microgravity [bed rest] has little influence on taste, odor or trigeminal sensitivity.
PubMed: Integrity of erythrocytes of hypercholesterolemic rats during spices treatment.
PubMed: Prenatal malnutrition-induced hypertension in young rats is prevented by neonatal capsaicin treatment.
PubMed: Reduced aversion to oral capsaicin following neurotoxic destruction of superficial medullary neurons expressing NK-1 receptors.
PubMed: Anti-tumor promoting potential of selected spice ingredients with antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities: a short review.
PubMed: Salivary cystatins influence ingestion of capsaicin-containing diets in the rat.
PubMed: Ground red peppers: capsaicinoids content, Scoville scores, and discrimination by an electronic nose.
PubMed: Studies on the antimicrobial mechanisms of capsaicin using yeast DNA microarray.
PubMed: Enzymatic synthesis of a capsinoid by the acylation of vanillyl alcohol with fatty acid derivatives catalyzed by lipases.
PubMed: Reduction of food intake following X-ray irradiation of rats--involvement of visceral afferent nerves.
PubMed: Inhibition of human low density lipoprotein oxidation by active principles from spices.
PubMed: Determination of capsaicinoids in salsa by liquid chromatography and enzyme immunoassay.
PubMed: Neuroendocrine control of intestinal mucosal mast cells under physiological conditions.
PubMed: Pungency in paprika (Capsicum annuum). 2. Heterogeneity of capsaicinoid content in individual fruits from one plant.
PubMed: Pungency in paprika (Capsicum annuum). 1. Decrease of capsaicinoid content following cellular disruption.
PubMed: Capsaicinoids in vegetative organs of Capsicum annuum L. in relation to fruiting.
PubMed: Genetic diversity underlying capsaicin intake in the Mishima battery of mouse strains.
PubMed: Capsaicin-, resiniferatoxin-, and olvanil-induced adrenaline secretions in rats via the vanilloid receptor.
PubMed: Brain-gut axis in gastroprotection by leptin and cholecystokinin against ischemia-reperfusion induced gastric lesions.
PubMed: [Homeostasis in the gastric mucosa and blood circulation. Part 1. Mechanisms of the adequate blood flow maintenance in the gastric mucosa].
PubMed: Preliminary efficacy assessment of intrathecal injection of an American formulation of adenosine in humans.
PubMed: Nutritional and food protection against epidemic emerging neuropathy. Epidemiological findings in the unique disease-free urban area of Cuba.
PubMed: Rapid electrochemical method for the evaluation of the antioxidant power of some lipophilic food extracts.
PubMed: An anorexic lipid mediator regulated by feeding.
PubMed: Peripheral urocortin inhibits gastric emptying and food intake in mice: differential role of CRF receptor 2.
PubMed: Failure of capsaicin-containing red pepper sauce suspension to induce esophageal motility response in patients with Barrett's esophagus.
PubMed: Capsaicin-like anti-obese activities of evodiamine from fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa, a vanilloid receptor agonist.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of capsaicinoids on fatty acid desaturation in a rat liver cell line.
PubMed: Immune-induced flavor aversion in mice: modification by neonatal capsaicin treatment.
PubMed: Hot foods--unexpected help with energy balance?
PubMed: Human colonic anti-secretory activity of the potent NK(1) antagonist, SR140333: assessment of potential anti-diarrhoeal activity in food allergy and inflammatory bowel disease.
PubMed: Expression and regulation of leptin receptor proteins in afferent and efferent neurons of the vagus nerve.
PubMed: Enzymatic synthesis of vanillin.
PubMed: Intracerebroventricular capsaicin and food intake in the rat.
PubMed: New glycosides from Capsicum annuum L. var. acuminatum. Isolation, structure determination, and biological activity.
PubMed: Chilli grinding as an opening to the study of occupational lung disease.
PubMed: Determination of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin in air in a pickle and pepper processing plant.
PubMed: Effect of red peppers (Capsicum frutescens) intake during gestation on thermonociceptive response of rat offspring.
PubMed: Fruit development in Capsicum annuum: changes in capsaicin, lignin, free phenolics, and peroxidase patterns.
PubMed: Capsaicin protects against ethanol-induced oxidative injury in the gastric mucosa of rats.
PubMed: Additive satiety-delaying effects of capsaicin-induced visceral deafferentation and NMDA receptor blockade suggest separate pathways.
PubMed: The role of gastrointestinal vagal afferents in the control of food intake: current prospects.
PubMed: Capsaicin-treated rats permanently overingest low- but not high-concentration sucrose solutions.
PubMed: Selective enzyme-mediated extraction of capsaicinoids and caratenoids from chili guajillo puya (Capsicum annum L.) using ethanol as solvent.
PubMed: Central leptin and cholecystokinin in gastroprotection against ethanol-induced damage.
PubMed: Synergistic interaction between CCK and leptin to regulate food intake.
PubMed: Lateral parabrachial nucleus lesions in the rat: aversive and appetitive gustatory conditioning.
PubMed: The effects of diet, aging and disease-states on presystemic elimination and oral drug bioavailability in humans.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of selected Indian spices.
PubMed: Dietary n-3 fatty acids, curcumin and capsaicin lower the release of lysosomal enzymes and eicosanoids in rat peritoneal macrophages.
PubMed: Influence of dietary spices and their active principles on pancreatic digestive enzymes in albino rats.
PubMed: Biotransformation of protocatechuic aldehyde and caffeic acid to vanillin and capsaicin in freely suspended and immobilized cell cultures of Capsicum frutescens.
PubMed: Conditioned taste aversion produced by inhibitors of fatty acid oxidation in rats.
PubMed: Quantitative HPLC determination of the antioxidant activity of capsaicin on the formation of lipid hydroperoxides of linoleic acid: a comparative study against BHT and melatonin.
PubMed: Direct connection of supercritical fluid extraction and supercritical fluid chromatography as a rapid quantitative method for capsaicinoids in placentas of Capsicum.
PubMed: Pungent principal of Alpinia galangal (L.) swartz and its applications.
PubMed: Capsaicin induces cystatin S-like substances in submandibular saliva of the rat.
PubMed: Oral irritant properties of piperine and nicotine: psychophysical evidence for asymmetrical desensitization effects.
PubMed: Control of food intake by fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin on induction of c-jun proto-oncogene expression in Fisher-344 rats by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine.
PubMed: Antiulcer effect of lafutidine on indomethacin-induced gastric antral ulcers in refed rats.
PubMed: Lack of the inhibitory effect of intragastrically administered capsaicin on NNK-induced lung tumor formation in the A.J mouse.
PubMed: Leptin in gastroprotection induced by cholecystokinin or by a meal. Role of vagal and sensory nerves and nitric oxide.
PubMed: The generalizability of capsaicin sensitization and desensitization.
PubMed: Capsaicin-sensitive fibers are required for the anorexic action of systemic but not central bombesin.
PubMed: Plasma glucagon, glucose, insulin, and motilin in rats anticipating daily meals.
PubMed: Transient overconsumption of novel foods by deafferentated rats: effects of novel diet composition.
PubMed: Oral irritant effects of nicotine. Psychophysical evidence for decreased sensation following repeated application of and lack of cross-desensitization to capsaicin.
PubMed: PROP taster status is related to fat perception and preference.
PubMed: Non-carcinogenicity of capsaicinoids in B6C3F1 mice.
PubMed: Visceral afferent participation in delayed satiation following NMDA receptor blockade.
PubMed: Cellular pathways of mast cell- and capsaicin-sensitive nerve-evoked ileal submucosal arteriolar dilations.
PubMed: Vascular protein leakage in the rat parotid gland elicited by reflex stimulation, parasympathetic nerve stimulation and administration of neuropeptides.
PubMed: Circadian food anticipation persists in capsaicin deafferented rats.
PubMed: Effect of capsaicin-containing red pepper sauce suspension on upper gastrointestinal motility in healthy volunteers.
PubMed: Calcium-deprived rats avoid sweet compounds.
PubMed: Anorectic effect of amylin is not transmitted by capsaicin-sensitive nerve fibers.
PubMed: Calcitonin gene-related peptide and spinal afferents partly mediate postoperative colonic ileus in the rat.
PubMed: Modulation of select immune responses by dietary capsaicin.
PubMed: Vagal involvement in dietary regulation of nutrient transport.
PubMed: Hot spices influence permeability of human intestinal epithelial monolayers.
PubMed: New strategies for aspiration pneumonia.
PubMed: Pathways of Fos expression in locus ceruleus, dorsal vagal complex, and PVN in response to intestinal lipid.
PubMed: Food intake, energy balance and body weight control.
PubMed: Reduced vagal sensory innervation of the small intestinal myenteric plexus following capsaicin treatment of adult rats.
PubMed: Effect of curcumin and capsaicin on arachidonic acid metabolism and lysosomal enzyme secretion by rat peritoneal macrophages.
PubMed: Oral irritant effects of nicotine: psychophysical evidence for decreased sensation following repeated application and lack of cross-desensitization to capsaicin.
PubMed: Increase in swimming endurance capacity of mice by capsaicin-induced adrenal catecholamine secretion.
PubMed: Influence of dietary capsaicin and onion on the metabolic abnormalities associated with streptozotocin induced diabetes mellitus.
PubMed: Synergistic interaction between leptin and cholecystokinin to reduce short-term food intake in lean mice.
PubMed: A model of transient hyperalgesia in the behaving monkey induced by topical application of capsaicin.
PubMed: Characterization of cholecystokininA and cholecystokininB receptors expressed by vagal afferent neurons.
PubMed: CCK-resistance in Zucker obese versus lean rats.
PubMed: New aspects of gastric adaptive relaxation, reflex after food intake for more food: involvement of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves and nitric oxide.
PubMed: Fat perception is related to PROP taster status.
PubMed: Chemical lesion of visceral afferents causes transient overconsumption of unfamiliar high-fat diets in rats.
PubMed: Presence of an acidic glycoprotein in the serum of arthritic rats: modulation by capsaicin and curcumin.
PubMed: Effects of orally administered capsaicin, the principal component of capsicum fruits, on the in vitro metabolism of the tobacco-specific nitrosamine NNK in hamster lung and liver microsomes.
PubMed: Mechanisms of peptide YY release induced by an intraduodenal meal in rats: neural regulation by proximal gut.
PubMed: Enhanced fluid intake by rats after capsaicin treatment.
PubMed: Judgments of chemosensory mixtures in memory.
PubMed: Systemic capsaicin pretreatment fails to block the decrease in food-motivated behavior induced by lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-1beta.
PubMed: Desensitization to oral zingerone irritation: effects of stimulus parameters.
PubMed: Psychophysical responses to single and multiple presentations of the oral irritant zingerone: relationship to frequency of chili consumption.
PubMed: Capsaicin attenuates feeding suppression but not reinforcement by intestinal nutrients.
PubMed: Ethanol consumption and taste preferences in C57BL/6ByJ and 129/J mice.
PubMed: Sensitization and desensitization to capsaicin and menthol in the oral cavity: interactions and individual differences.
PubMed: Capsaicin in hot chili pepper: carcinogen, co-carcinogen or anticarcinogen?
PubMed: Neutral mediation of food aversions and anorexia induced by tumor necrosis factor and tumors.
PubMed: Effects of oral chemical irritation on tastes and flavors in frequent and infrequent users of chili.
PubMed: Effect of capsaicin on learning, retention and extinction of spatial and active avoidance tasks in adult rats neonatally treated.
PubMed: Effect of irradiation on the microbiological status and flavouring materials of selected spices.
PubMed: Resistance to aging-associated obesity in capsaicin-desensitized rats one year after treatment.
PubMed: [Beliefs about chili pepper consumption and health in Mexico City].
PubMed: Does exposure enhance liking for the chilli burn?
PubMed: Chili protects against aspirin-induced gastroduodenal mucosal injury in humans.
PubMed: Influence of nutrients and other dietary materials on cytochrome P-450 enzymes.
PubMed: Mutagenicity and antimutagenicity testing of six chemicals associated with the pungent properties of specific spices as revealed by the Ames Salmonella/microsomal assay.
PubMed: Capsaicin, a double-edged sword: toxicity, metabolism, and chemopreventive potential.
PubMed: PTC/PROP tasting: anatomy, psychophysics, and sex effects.
PubMed: The effects of prior experience with capsaicin on ratings of its burn.
PubMed: Role of nitric oxide in gastroduodenal alkaline secretion.
PubMed: Role of capsaicin, curcumin and dietary n-3 fatty acids in lowering the generation of reactive oxygen species in rat peritoneal macrophages.
PubMed: Biliary proteins from hepatic bile of rats fed curcumin or capsaicin inhibit cholesterol crystal nucleation in supersaturated model bile.
PubMed: Intestinal capsaicin transiently attenuates suppression of sham feeding by oleate.
PubMed: Integration of postprandial function in the proximal gastrointestinal tract. Role of CCK and sensory pathways.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin analogs on adrenal catecholamine secretion in rats.
PubMed: Topical capsaicin-pharmacology and potential role in the treatment of temporomandibular pain.
PubMed: Parasympathetic non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic mechanisms in reflex secretion of parotid acinar granules in conscious rats.
PubMed: Effects of capsaicin on liver microsomal metabolism of the tobacco-specific nitrosamine NNK.
PubMed: Inhibition of liver microsomal cytochrome P450 activity and metabolism of the tobacco-specific nitrosamine NNK by capsaicin and ellagic acid.
PubMed: Computer-aided modeling and optimization for capsaicinoid production by immobilized Capsicum frutescens cells.
PubMed: Differential control of somatostatin messenger RNA in rat gastric corpus and antrum. Role of acid, food, and capsaicin-sensitive afferent neurons.
PubMed: Involvement of capsaicin-sensitive afferent nerves in the intestinal motor alterations induced by intestinal anaphylaxis in rats.
PubMed: The effect of neonatal capsaicin treatment on gustatory behavior in the albino rat.
PubMed: Cholecystokinin reduces body temperature in vehicle- but not capsaicin-pretreated rats.
PubMed: Spicy meal disturbs sleep: an effect of thermoregulation?
PubMed: Studies on spice principles as antioxidants in the inhibition of lipid peroxidation of rat liver microsomes.
PubMed: Comparative influence of vanillin & capsaicin on liver & blood lipids in the rat.
PubMed: Long-term decrease in body fat and in brown adipose tissue in capsaicin-desensitized rats.
PubMed: Cholecystokinin-octapeptide stimulates hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function in rats: role of corticotropin-releasing hormone.
PubMed: Capsaicin does not attenuate bombesin-induced suppression of operant responding for food reward.
PubMed: Hepatic thermogenesis relation to food intake in the conscious rat.
PubMed: Effect of capsaicin neonatal treatment on the salt intake of the adult rat.
PubMed: Fourth ventricular capsaicin attenuates suppression of sham feeding induced by intestinal nutrients.
PubMed: Capsaicin attenuates bombesin-induced suppression of food intake.
PubMed: Capsicum--production, technology, chemistry, and quality. Part V. Impact on physiology, pharmacology, nutrition, and metabolism; structure, pungency, pain, and desensitization sequences.
PubMed: Cough in hot pepper workers.
PubMed: The effect of spices on cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity and on serum and hepatic cholesterol levels in the rat.
PubMed: After two weeks habituation to capsaicinized food, rats prefer this to plain food.
PubMed: Capsaicin desensitization induces atrophy of brown adipose tissue in rats.
PubMed: Temporal effectiveness of mouth-rinsing on capsaicin mouth-burn.
PubMed: Temporal gustatory and salivary responses to capsaicin upon repeated stimulation.
PubMed: Capsaicin attenuates hindbrain neuron responses to circulating cholecystokinin.
PubMed: The effects of capsaicin on emotional responses to odors in the rat.
PubMed: Effects of anorexigenic treatments on gastric motility in rats.
PubMed: Dihydrocapsaicin (DC) protects against serum hyperlipidemia in guinea pigs fed a cholesterol-enriched diet.
PubMed: Spicy food and the stomach. Evaluation by videoendoscopy.
PubMed: Non-mutagenicity of capsaicin in albino mice.
PubMed: Capsaicin pretreatment attenuates multiple responses to cholecystokinin in rats.
PubMed: Adrenal sympathetic efferent nerve and catecholamine secretion excitation caused by capsaicin in rats.
PubMed: Some pungent principles of spices cause the adrenal medulla to secrete catecholamine in anesthetized rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin application to central or peripheral vagal fibers attenuates CCK satiety.
PubMed: Effect of capsaicin pretreatment on capsaicin-induced catecholamine secretion from the adrenal medulla in rats.
PubMed: Inhibition of calcium and calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterase activity in rats by capsaicin.
PubMed: Capsaicin and its effects upon meal patterns, and glucagon and epinephrine suppression of food intake.
PubMed: Capsaicin and its effects on olfaction and trigeminal chemoreception.
PubMed: Cholecystokinin-induced suppression of locomotion is attenuated in capsaicin pretreated rats.
PubMed: Capsaicin-sensitive afferent neurones and gastrointestinal propulsion in the rat.
PubMed: Capsicum--production, technology, chemistry, and quality. Part III. Chemistry of the color, aroma, and pungency stimuli.
PubMed: Nonmutagenicity of curcumin and its antimutagenic action versus chili and capsaicin.
PubMed: Capsicum--production, technology, chemistry, and quality--Part II. Processed products, standards, world production and trade.
PubMed: Abrogation of peripheral cholecystokinin-satiety in the capsaicin treated rat.
PubMed: Rat trigeminal, olfactory and taste responses after capsaicin desensitization.
PubMed: Capsaicin pretreatment attenuates suppression of food intake by cholecystokinin.
PubMed: Tumorigenicity and mutagenicity studies with capsaicin of hot peppers.
PubMed: The effects of long warm and cold ambient exposures on food intake water intake and body weight in the capsaicin desensitized rat.
PubMed: Overconsumption of preferred foods following capsaicin pretreatment of the area postrema and adjacent nucleus of the solitary tract.
PubMed: Subchronic toxicity studies of capsaicin and capsicum in rats.
PubMed: The effect of ambient temperature on rectal temperature, food intake and short term body weight in the capsaicin desensitized rat.
PubMed: Reversal of innate aversions: attempts to induce a preference for chili peppers in rats.
PubMed: Inhibitory effect of capsaicin on intestinal glucose absorption in vitro.
PubMed: Toxins and carcinogens in the environment: an observation in the tropics.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Please share your Comments.
Email Address:
 
 
 
 
Top of Page Home
Copyright © 1980-2017 The Good Scents Company (tgsc) ™ Disclaimer Privacy Policy