BT

Typical G.C. analysis

acorus calamus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
301.61  acolamone
363.62iso acolamone
284.09  acoragermacrone
396.57(1,10)- aristolen-2-one
340.21beta- bisabolene
100.11  borneol
140.25  bornyl acetate
170.05beta- bourbonene
294.07delta- cadinene
310.30alpha- calacorene
420.58iso calamendiol
410.10  calamenene
400.72  calamusenone
90.08  camphor
204.13beta- caryophyllene
160.04alpha- copaene
230.32beta- cubebene
351.81isoepi-cubenol
40.04para- cymene
430.40  dibutyl phthalate
180.79beta- elemene
150.21delta- elemene
320.73  elemol
270.80beta- guaiene
240.96beta- gurjurene
210.07alpha- humulene
52.61  limonene
83.10  linalool
130.11  linalyl acetate
470.02  linoleic acid
30.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
480.04  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.86  methyl eugenol
263.37(E)- methyl isoeugenol
2236.40(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
372.60alpha- muurolol
383.17epi-alpha- muurolol
20.09  myrcene
450.041- octadecene
440.06  palmitic acid
460.11  phytol
10.21  sabinene
253.19  shyobunone
330.64iso shyobunone
110.21  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
60.05gamma- terpinene
120.31alpha- terpineol
490.10  tricosane

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

aloysia triphylla oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.54  aromadendrene
350.10epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
480.15beta- bisabolene
310.56beta- bourbonene
520.24delta- cadinene
530.26gamma- cadinene
660.97T- cadinol
290.05alpha- campholenic aldehyde
570.36trans- carveol
590.12cis- carveol
500.50  carvone
373.49beta- caryophyllene
614.87  caryophyllene oxide
340.43alpha- cedrene
1110.071,8- cineole
260.17  citronellal
280.58alpha- copaene
544.93ar- curcumene
160.11para- cymene
420.11(E)-beta- farnesene
4911.93  geranial
580.04  geraniol
560.21  geranyl propionate
461.50  germacrene D
120.17(E)-2- hexenal
180.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
430.51alpha- humulene
1018.59  limonene
240.22(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
230.47(Z)-1,2-limonene epoxide + 1-octen-3-ol
320.38  linalool
220.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
400.41(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
10.35  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
620.08  methyl eugenol
40.102- methyl-3-buten-2-ol
190.016- methyl-3-heptanol
360.086- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
171.406- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
670.19T- muurolol
70.40  myrcene
445.99  neral
550.12  nerol
630.73  nerolidol
510.72  neryl acetate
151.41(E)-beta- ocimene
130.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.06  perillene
300.40(E,E)-photocitral
270.22(Z,Z)- photocitral
210.14  photocitral B
21.42alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
600.07  piperitenone
390.31  rosefuran epoxide
62.83  sabinene
250.80(E)- sabinene hydrate
330.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
654.30  spathulenol
380.31  terpinen-4-ol
80.08alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
452.00alpha- terpineol
30.20alpha- thujene
90.051,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo(2,2,2)oct-5-ene
640.08  viridiflorol
470.27  zingiberene

T. Ozek, N. Kirimer, K. H. C. Baser and G. Tiimen, Composition of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla (l’Herit,) Britton grown in Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8,581-563 (1896).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
cymbopogon winterianus oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.37T-amorphol + bulnesol
180.06  borneol
320.12beta- bourbonene
410.66delta- cadinene
391.87gamma- cadinene
60.01delta-3- carene
340.08beta- caryophyllene
1635.27  citronellal
240.17  citronellic acid
229.92  citronellol
261.01  citronellyl acetate
310.13alpha- copaene
361.76beta- cubebene
80.01para- cymene
210.10  decanal
130.013,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
332.80beta- elemene
290.01delta- elemene
405.58  elemol
430.5910-epi-gamma- eudesmol
272.29  eugenol
460.19(E)-alpha-farnesol
420.20(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2323.13  geraniol
303.78  geranyl acetate
10.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
350.12alpha- humulene
102.62  limonene
150.77  linalool
110.09  melonal
40.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.52alpha- muurolene
380.56gamma- muurolene
440.82T- muurolol
50.07  myrcene
280.03  neryl acetate
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
90.05beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
20.01alpha- pinene
170.29iso(iso) pulegol
30.07  sabinene
190.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.01alpha- terpinene
200.06alpha- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
250.23alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

daucus carota ssp. maximus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.82  aristol-9-en-3-ol
200.51alpha- bergamolene
170.99beta- bourbonene
2817.95preiso calamendiol
182.15beta- caryophyllene
272.98  caryophyllene oxide
160.80alpha- copaene
2312.72beta- cubebene
191.74gamma- decalactone
140.48  dodecane
222.49(E)-beta- farnesene
250.56(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
300.40  heptadecane
210.70alpha- humulene
62.30  limonene
93.34  linalool
51.84  myrcene
113.22(E)-2- nonenal
80.48(E)-beta- ocimene
70.31(Z)-beta- ocimene
1tracealpha- pinene
40.53beta- pinene
30.85  sabinene
2616.84  shyobunone
243.77epi- shyobunone
120.27  terpinen-4-ol
130.58alpha- terpineol
153.41  tridecane
20.561,2,3- trimethyl benzene
100.22  undecane

H. E. A. Saad, S. H. El-Sharkawy and A. F. Halim, Essential oils of Daucus carota ssp. maximus. Pharm. Acta Helv. 70, 79-84 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

eucalyptus globulus bud oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.05iso amyl isovalerate
1816.57  aromadendrene
201.88allo- aromadendrene
151.57beta- bourbonene
190.34 bulnesene
310.10delta- cadinene
300.26gamma- cadinene
340.08trans- carveol
736.951,8- cineole
130.10alpha- copaene
210.11  cryptone
120.27alpha- cubebene
350.37para- cymen-7-ol
98.04para- cymene
410.18beta- eudesmol
37tracegamma- eudesmol
393.05  globulol
380.12epi- globulol
280.29alpha- guaiene
14tracealpha- gurjunene
17tracebeta- gurjunene
22tracegamma- gurjunene
23tracealpha- humulene
430.045-epi-neointermedeol
250.10  ledene
63.10  limonene
330.10cis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
50.07  myrcene
32trace  nerol
360.07  palustrol
40.01alpha- phellandrene
20.30beta- pinene
160.10  pinocarvone
27trace  piperitone
30.54  sabinene
290.29alpha- selinene
8tracegamma- terpinene
264.66alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
111.95alpha- thujene
420.14  thymol
240.36  viridiflorene
400.53  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.46iso amyl isovalerate
2123.33  aromadendrene
233.32allo- aromadendrene
172.40beta- bourbonene
220.44 bulnesene
410.62delta- cadinene
40tracegamma- cadinene
580.20alpha- cadinol
550.28T- cadinol
18trace  carvenone
270.16  carvotan acetone
715.311,8- cineole
150.08alpha- copaene
240.13  cryptone
140.34alpha- cubebene
19tracebeta- cubebene
44tracepara- cymen-7-ol
116.44para- cymene
520.84beta- eudesmol
470.55gamma- eudesmol
36trace  germacrene D
5014.98  globulol
493.10epi- globulol
340.39alpha- guaiene
16tracealpha- gurjunene
200.47beta- gurjunene
260.20gamma- gurjunene
28tracealpha- humulene
590.225-epi-neointermedeol
313.63  ledene
46trace  ledol
61.10  limonene
43tracecis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
38tracegamma- muurolene
540.12T- muurolol
40.21  myrcene
420.10  nerol
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
450.16  palustrol
32.11alpha- phellandrene
80.50beta- phellandrene
48trace2- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
13.61alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
25tracetrans- pinocarveol
33trace  piperitone
350.30alpha- selinene
37tracedelta- selinene
39tracegamma- selinene
530.20  spathulenol
57traceiso spathulenol
50.22alpha- terpinene
90.18gamma- terpinene
322.27alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene
560.28  thymol
29tracebeta- vetivene
300.66  viridiflorene
512.17  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

ferula cupularis stem oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1647.45  bornyl angelate
1501.421-endo- bourbonanol
1422.70beta- bourbonene
1203.03  camphor
1128.38delta-3- carene
1710.43  caryophyllene acetate
1582.57  citronellyl butyrate
1600.49  cuparene
1321.89(Z)-dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
1690.62  dihydroeugenyl acetate
1781.75gamma- eudesmol acetate
1821.6614- hydroxy-alpha-humulene
1131.89  limonene oxide
1383.41  linalyl isobutyrate
1392.65para- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
1182.39  myrcenone
1280.38(E)- ocimenone
2135.96  osthol
1161.57trans- pinene hydrate
1156.87(E)- sabinol
1332.19(E)- sabinyl acetate
1220.86alpha- terpineol
1371.23alpha- terpinyl acetate
1255.19  terpinyl acetate
1538.69alpha- terpinyl isobutyrate
1101.43cis-thujone
1300.523-thujul acetate
1140.30(Z)- verbenol
1475.20  verbenyl acetate
1462.18iso verbenyl acetate
1245.53para- cymen-9-ol
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
geranium leaf oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.45beta- bourbonene
370.07gamma- cadinene
380.29  calamenene
310.45beta- caryophyllene
2023.59 citronellol + nerol
270.50  citronellyl acetate
234.19  citronellyl formate
451.40  citronellyl tiglate
290.17alpha- copaene
60.08para- cymene
425.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
440.38beta- eudesmol
400.10  furopelargone B
221.17  geranial
2123.00  geraniol
280.29  geranyl acetate
252.66  geranyl formate
470.04  geranyl heptanoate
410.19  geranyl isovalerate
330.09  geranyl propionate
461.61  geranyl tiglate
430.22  geranyl valerate
350.39  germacrene D
320.09  guaia-6,9-diene
10.05(E)-2- hexenal
20.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
340.40alpha- humulene
70.18  limonene
1216.32  linalool
110.26(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
100.35(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.54  menthone
170.58iso menthone
360.89alpha- muurolene
50.27  myrcene
240.12  neryl formate
90.12(E)-beta- ocimene
80.08(Z)-beta- ocimene
260.062- phenethyl acetate
140.132- phenethyl alcohol
390.772- phenethyl tiglate
30.20alpha- pinene
150.11(E)- rose oxide
130.74(Z)- rose oxide
40.36  sabinene
180.25  terpinen-4-ol
191.89alpha- terpineol

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil bourbon
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.18  furopelargone B
 1.42  citronellyl tiglate
 0.43beta- bourbonene
 0.39beta- caryophyllene
 21.56  citronellol
 0.14  citronellyl acetate
 0.31  citronellyl butyrate
 4.81  citronellyl formate
 0.12alpha- copaene
 0.05para- cymene
 6.0110-epi-gamma- eudesmol
 25.47  geraniol
 0.23  geranyl acetate
 0.22  geranyl butyrate
 2.15  geranyl formate
 0.13  geranyl propionate
 1.25  geranyl tiglate
 0.09  germacrene D
 0.08  guaia-6,9-diene
 0.07(E)-2- hexenal
 0.80(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.42alpha- humulene
 0.43  limonene
 13.07  linalool
 0.13(E)- linalool oxide
 0.23(Z)- linalool oxide
 6.79iso menthone
 0.13  menthone
 2.27  myrcene
 1.09  neral
 0.88(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.59(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.12alpha- phellandrene
 0.772- phenethyl tiglate
 0.24alpha- pinene
 0.29  piperitone
 0.31(Z)- rose oxide
 0.13(E)- rose oxide
 0.21  sabinene
 0.79alpha- terpineol
 0.08  terpinolene
 0.05alpha- ylangene
geranium oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.10iso borneol
220.54beta- bourbonene
310.24delta- cadinene
290.21gamma- cadinene
390.35T- cadinol
240.39beta- caryophyllene
50.401,8- cineole
1511.41  citronellol
320.18  citronellyl butyrate
190.10  citronellyl formate
270.39  citronellyl propionate
410.14  citronellyl tiglate
210.39alpha- copaene
30.10para- cymene
383.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
350.10 furopelargone
182.17  geranial
1750.56  geraniol
430.56 geranyl 3-methyl valerate
230.33  geranyl acetate
330.64  geranyl butyrate
200.20  geranyl formate
300.35  geranyl isobutyrate
370.20  geranyl isovalerate
281.03  geranyl propionate
422.49  geranyl tiglate
400.18  geranyl valerate
263.31  guaia-6,9-diene
250.45alpha- guaiene
40.15  limonene
73.36  linalool
120.29iso menthol
90.23  menthone
117.49iso menthone
160.87  neral
140.22  nerol
60.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.05alpha- phellandrene
361.152- phenethyl tiglate
10.03alpha- pinene
80.11(E)- rose oxide
340.22  spathulenol
130.15alpha- terpineol

L. Ntezurubanza, G. Collin, F. X. Avobangria, H. Deslauriers and J-B. Nizeyimana, Composition chemique de L’huile essentielle de Pelargonium graveolens, Mentha sacchalinensis, Cymbopogon citratus et de Ocimum canum cultivés au Rwanda. In: Valorisation de la Biomasse végétale par les produits naturals. Actes du colloque de Chicoutimi 22-25 Aug. 1993, Edits., F-X Garneau and G. J. Collin, pp. 317-320, Centre Recherches pour le Developpment International, Ottawa (1995).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium petiole oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.08beta- bourbonene
360.15gamma- cadinene
370.06  calamenene
300.11beta- caryophyllene
1630.87 citronellol + nerol
231.27  citronellyl acetate
201.85  citronellyl formate
310.05  citronellyl propionate
453.93  citronellyl tiglate
250.10alpha- cubebene
40.06para- cymene
427.8810-epi-gamma- eudesmol
440.23beta- eudesmol
400.06  furopelargone B
193.31  geranial
1824.16  geraniol
260.48  geranyl acetate
380.08  geranyl butyrate
211.76  geranyl formate
480.19  geranyl heptanoate
470.22  geranyl hexanoate
410.22  geranyl isovalerate
320.06  geranyl propionate
464.05  geranyl tiglate
430.37  geranyl valerate
330.30alpha- humulene
50.11  limonene
92.04  linalool
80.07(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.12(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
131.27  menthone
140.72iso menthone
350.34alpha- muurolene
30.09  myrcene
240.15  neryl acetate
60.13(E)-beta- ocimene
220.092- phenethyl acetate
110.102- phenethyl alcohol
290.142- phenethyl butyrate
391.452- phenethyl tiglate
10.13alpha- pinene
170.08  piperitone
120.08(E)- rose oxide
100.10(Z)- rose oxide
20.07  sabinene
340.12alpha- selinene
150.29alpha- terpineol
270.05alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium stem oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.15beta- bourbonene
430.35  calamenene
370.07beta- caryophyllene
2225.87 citronellol + nerol
302.81  citronellyl acetate
264.92  citronellyl formate
380.09  citronellyl propionate
511.88  citronellyl tiglate
340.29alpha- copaene
310.29alpha- cubebene
90.08para- cymene
482.4610-epi-gamma- eudesmol
500.39beta- eudesmol
460.31  furopelargone B
253.41  geranial
249.51  geraniol
320.29  geranyl acetate
440.07  geranyl butyrate
282.31  geranyl formate
540.21  geranyl heptanoate
530.10  geranyl hexanoate
470.08  geranyl isovalerate
550.54  geranyl octanoate
521.84  geranyl tiglate
490.11  geranyl valerate
390.09  guaia-6,9-diene
10.05(E)-2- hexenal
20.32(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
400.30alpha- humulene
100.13  limonene
1413.25  linalool
130.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.13(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
181.32  menthone
197.33iso menthone
420.08alpha- muurolene
60.76  myrcene
270.10  neryl formate
110.16(E)-beta- ocimene
70.09alpha- phellandrene
290.252- phenethyl acetate
160.262- phenethyl alcohol
360.102- phenethyl butyrate
451.092- phenethyl tiglate
30.10alpha- pinene
50.09beta- pinene
230.10  piperitone
170.11(E)- rose oxide
150.16(Z)- rose oxide
40.15  sabinene
410.09alpha- selinene
200.12  terpinen-4-ol
80.11alpha- terpinene
212.42alpha- terpineol
330.23alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
30trace-0.10(E)-para-mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
hyssopus officinalis oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.3(E)- anethole
171.2beta- bourbonene
181.4beta- caryophyllene
40.1para- cymene
70.4  dihydroverbenone
190.1alpha- humulene
60.6  linalool
160.5  methyl eugenol
3trace  myrcene
131.3  myrtenol
50.2beta- phellandrene
1tracealpha- pinene
20.2beta- pinene
1018.1  pinocamphone
917.4iso pinocamphone
80.6  pinocarveol
150.3  sabinyl acetate
110.4  terpinen-4-ol
120.2alpha- terpineol

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, étude des propriétés bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles préamblement analysées. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

lallemantia peltata (l.) fisch. et mey. oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
125.10  bicyclogermacrene
86.90beta- bourbonene
107.30beta- caryophyllene
2trace1,8- cineole
612.00  geijerene
93.70pregeijerene
1127.40  germacrene D
38.30(Z)-3- hexenal
7trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
19.20  limonene
520.10(E)-beta- ocimene
4trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 689, (2000)
lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

lippia citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
460.5allo- aromadendrene
280.4  bornyl butyrate
430.8beta- bourbonene
480.1delta- cadinene
500.6gamma- cadinene
590.9T- cadinol
410.1  carvacrol
320.4trans- carveol
400.8  carvone
450.4beta- caryophyllene
52traceiso caryophyllene
555.5  caryophyllene oxide
581.0iso caryophyllene oxide
530.4alpha- cedrene
1412.41,8- cineole
420.6alpha- copaene
470.6beta- cubebene
51trace  cuparene
494.6ar- curcumene
70.2para- cymene
360.6  fenchone
269.9  geranial
350.7  geranic acid
330.5  geraniol
291.6  geranyl acetate
300.9  geranyl isobutyrate
310.3  geranyl propionate
440.1alpha- gurjunene
130.4(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
120.3  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
43.7  limonene
191.3  linalool
180.1(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
17trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
540.2  longifolene
240.7  methyl geranate
97.46- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
560.5alpha- muurolol
370.2  myrtenal
236.9  neral
571.2  nerolidol
270.6  neryl acetate
100.33- octanol
110.71- octen-3-ol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
11.4alpha- pinene
20.3beta- pinene
390.7trans- pinocarveol
210.7iso pulegol
15trace rose oxide
30.2  sabinene
380.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.3(Z)- sabinene hydrate
605.2  spathulenol
221.0  terpinen-4-ol
61.0gamma- terpinene
252.3alpha- terpineol
8trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- thujone
340.3  thymol
610.1  viridiflorol

J. Bellakhdar, A.IL. Idrissi, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R.Vila, Analysis de L'huile essentielle dela verveine odorante (Lippia citriodora H, B, and K). Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 269-273 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
151.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
197.20  bicyclogermacrene
60.30  bornyl acetate
101.40beta- bourbonene
210.50gamma- cadinene
232.50delta- cadinene
20.30  camphene
1315.10beta- caryophyllene
262.60  caryophyllene oxide
140.20beta- cedrene
95.30alpha- copaene
80.20alpha- cubebene
110.50beta- cubebene
122.50beta- elemene
72.50delta- elemene
170.40(E)-beta- farnesene
203.10  germacrene A
250.30  germacrene B
221.80  germacrene C
1835.60  germacrene D
164.40alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
51.80(E)-beta- ocimene
10.70alpha- pinene
32.90  sabinene
240.40  selina-3,7(11)-diene
270.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 45, (2001)
melissa officinalis var. citra oil slovak republic
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.06beta- bourbonene
294.20beta- caryophyllene
388.35  caryophyllene oxide
80.141,8- cineole
2211.31  citronellal
230.67alpha- copaene
200.26alpha- cubebene
20.082,5- diethyl tetrahydrofuran
3433.60  geranial
391.05  geranic acid
375.89  geranyl acetate
42trace  heptacosane
30.05 hexenal
310.13alpha- humulene
70.11  limonene
250.08  linalool
170.24  linalool oxide
300.12  menthol
180.60  menthone
210.42iso menthone
280.27  menthyl acetate
330.36  methyl geranate
130.316- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
360.14alpha- muurolene
350.26gamma- muurolene
60.12  myrcene
400.80  myristic acid
3222.18  neral
100.26  ocimene
12trace2,3- octane dione
160.123- octanol
90.123- octanone
4trace1,3,5- octatriene
190.251- octen-3-ol
110.184- octen-3-one
411.01  palmitic acid
10.15alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.07isopulegol 1
270.06isopulegol 2
140.12 rose oxide 1
150.07 rose oxide 2

M. Holla, E. Svajdlenka, J. Tekel, S. Vaverkova and E. Havranek, Composition of the essential oil from Melissa officinalis L. cultivated in Slovak Republic. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 481-484 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

mentha pulegium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
13tracebeta- bourbonene
190.60beta- caryophyllene
260.20 germacrene D + alpha-terpineol
7trace(E)-2- hexenal
241.10alpha- humulene
61.00  limonene
15trace  linalool
25traceiso menthol
200.40neo menthol
22traceneoiso menthol
112.30  menthone
120.80iso menthone
14traceneo menthyl acetate
80.505- methyl-3-heptanone
5trace  myrcene
100.703- octanol
9trace  octyl acetate
10.40alpha- pinene
30.30beta- pinene
291.80  piperitenone
28traceiso piperitenone
27trace piperitone + delta-cadinene
16traceiso pulegol
2386.70  pulegone
171.20(E)-iso pulegone
180.60(Z)-iso pulegone
4trace  sabinene
21trace  terpinen-4-ol
2tracealpha- thujene

M. Stengale, Beitrage Rolle glykosidisch gebundenerfluchtiger Komponenten in atherisches Ole furhrenden Pflanzen. Unterschungen an augewahlten Arten der Gattung Mentha L. PhD thesis Univ. Hamburg (1994).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

mentha pulegium oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.10beta- bourbonene
300.18delta- cadinene
250.09alpha- calacorene
282.49beta- caryophyllene
311.04  caryophyllene oxide
60.08para- cymene
260.39beta- damascenone
336.78  hexadecanoic acid
290.27alpha- humulene
71.13  limonene
90.77  linalool
150.16  menthol
160.30iso menthol
131.86neo menthol
1420.68neoiso menthol
106.29  menthone
119.73iso menthone
200.14iso menthyl acetate
230.28neo menthyl acetate
226.24neoiso menthyl acetate
50.06  myrcene
80.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.413- octanol
10.35alpha- pinene
30.38beta- pinene
242.39  piperitenone
191.02  piperitone
1825.14  pulegone
20.11  sabinene
170.29alpha- terpineol
320.56  tetradecanoic acid
213.03  thymol
120.74  umbellulone

J. Pino, A. R.sado and V. Fluentes, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Mentha puiegium L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 8, 295-296 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

mentha x piperita oil CO2 extract
Reverchon et al. (1994) compared the composition of a supercritical CO2 extract (SFE) of peppermint under two separate sets of conditions with a sample of peppermint oil produced by hydrodistillation. The results of the GC/MS analyses of the volatile concentrates of peppermint oil and peppermint produced by SFE can be seen in Table VIII. Note: Only the SFE-2 (T:40C, P:120 bar) will be shown as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20  bornyl acetate
220.70beta- bourbonene
295.00gamma- cadinene
330.60T- cadinol
310.40(E)- calamenene
244.30beta- caryophyllene
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
63.601,8- cineole
21tracealpha- cubebene
50.10  decane
130.20  dihydrocarveol
230.90beta- elemene
300.40gamma- elemene
270.60beta- farnesene
250.20beta- gurjunene
26tracealpha- humulene
160.60  linalyl acetate
80.40para-menth-2-en-1-ol
1123.80  menthol
120.20iso menthol
936.10  menthone
107.50iso menthone
1911.70  menthyl acetate
200.20iso menthyl acetate
170.20neo menthyl acetate
28tracegamma- muurolene
30.20  myrcene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.103- octanol
10.20alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
150.60  piperitone
140.30  pulegone

E. Reverchon, A. Ambruosi and F. Senatore, Isolation of peppermint oil using ssupercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 19-23 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.40  aromadendrene
290.80  bicyclogermacrene
330.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
190.80beta- bourbonene
470.60 cadinadienol
341.10gamma- cadinene
372.60delta- cadinene
440.10T- cadinol
461.60alpha- cadinol
360.20(Z)- calamenene
450.10(Z)-calamenenol
2211.80beta- caryophyllene
410.90  caryophyllene oxide
182.00alpha- copaene
230.40beta- copaene
110.10  cryptone
150.10alpha- cubebene
350.20  cubebol
300.101-epi- cubenol
160.60  cyclosativene
70.40para- cymene
212.10beta- elemene
140.50delta- elemene
280.50(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
321.30  germacrene A
381.40  germacrene B
2721.60  germacrene D
400.30  germacrene D-4-ol
256.10alpha- humulene
422.70  humulene oxide II
91.10  limonene
100.50  linalool
261.10gamma- muurolene
311.10alpha- muurolene
390.70(E)- nerolidol
50.902- pentyl furan
80.80beta- phellandrene
60.10  phenyl acetaldehyde
29.60alpha- pinene
45.20beta- pinene
31.30  sabinene
201.40  sativene
120.50  terpinen-4-ol
130.50alpha- terpineol
11.30alpha- thujene
430.10  widdrol
170.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 31, (2001)
nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.30  bicyclogermacrene
310.20alpha- bisabolol
32.90beta- bourbonene
200.60nor bourbonone
330.10alpha- cadinol
301.00  carvacrol
385.10 caryophylenol II
370.30 caryophylla-2(12),6-dien-5-ol
360.40 caryophylla-2(12),6(13)-dien-5a-ol
52.70beta- caryophyllene
184.30iso caryophyllene oxide
1939.20  caryophyllene oxide
10.301,8- cineole
280.40norcopaanone
20.40alpha- copaene
270.303,4- dimethyl-5-pentylidene-2(5H)-furanone
320.30alpha- eudesmol
80.50(Z)-beta- farnesene
150.20(E)- geranyl acetone
113.80  germacrene D
410.40  heptacosane
420.50  hexadecanoic acid
240.90  hexahydrofanesyl acetone
260.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
100.50alpha- humulene
70.30iso humulene
163.00isohumulene oxide
224.70  humulene oxide II
230.10  humulene oxide III
170.50beta- ionone
60.20  myrtenal
140.20  myrtenol
130.20  naphthalene
210.10(E)- nerolidol
390.70  pentacosane
401.40  phytol
40.10  pinocarvone
259.70  spathulenol
291.20  thymol
350.70  tricosane
90.10(E)- verbenol
340.80oxo-alpha-ylangene
nepeta racemosa lam. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.50beta- bourbonene
30.30delta-2- carene
130.30beta- farnesene
120.60  germacrene D
864.904aalpha,7alpha,7aalpha-nepetalactone
97.404aalpha,7alpha,7abeta-nepetalactone
101.704abeta,7alpha,7abeta-nepetalactone
148.80(E)- nerolidol
49.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.40alpha- pinene
21.10beta- pinene
150.50  spathulenol
62.70alpha- terpineol
50.50alpha- thujone
70.30  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 151, (2000)
ocimum basilicum herb oil poland
#%LeftshiftComponents
212.18alpha- bergamolene
310.13  bicyclogermacrene
200.67  bornyl acetate
180.70beta- bourbonene
390.52delta- cadinol
2trace  camphene
50.11delta-3- carene
251.42beta- caryophyllene
90.721,8- cineole
350.11  citronellol
170.37alpha- copaene
340.04ar- curcumene
120.02para- cymene
220.86beta- elemene
380.62  eugenol
360.02  geraniol
330.05  geranyl acetate
305.07  germacrene D
270.78alpha- humulene
80.11  limonene
1954.06  linalool
230.06  linalyl acetate
150.30para-menthene
261.44  menthol
160.32iso menthone
288.68  methyl chavicol
371.02  methyl eugenol
60.08  myrcene
100.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.11allo- ocimene
10.83alpha- pinene
30.08beta- pinene
40.09  sabinene
240.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.06alpha- terpinene
110.15gamma- terpinene
290.91alpha- terpineol
130.03  terpinolene
320.85alpha- terpinyl acetate

E. Kostrzewa and K. Karwowska, Chemical composition of the essential oil from sweet basil grown in Poland. Prace Inst. Lab. Bad. Przem Spoz., 44, 97-107(1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

origanum majorana oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
353.27  bicyclogermacrene
36tracebeta- bisabolene
270.49  bornyl acetate
310.10beta- bourbonene
37tracedelta- cadinene
41tracealpha- cadinol
30.81  camphene
213.43  camphor
290.46  carvacrol
323.11beta- caryophyllene
390.70  caryophyllene oxide
94.98para- cymene
30tracedelta- elemene
341.24  germacrene D
400.09  globulol
330.27alpha- humulene
102.12  limonene
1716.41  linalool
150.17(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
260.25  linalyl acetate
200.40(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
191.22(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
61.21  myrcene
120.22(E)-beta- ocimene
111.84(Z)-beta- ocimene
4trace1- octen-3-ol
182.081- octen-3-yl acetate
70.11alpha- phellandrene
20.64alpha- pinene
54.60beta- pinene
250.11(E)- piperitol
240.22(Z)- piperitol
142.26(Z)- sabinene hydrate
381.07  spathulenol
2217.67  terpinen-4-ol
83.32alpha- terpinene
138.34gamma- terpinene
233.19alpha- terpineol
161.52  terpinolene
10.33alpha- thujene
2811.55  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado, M. Estarrón and V. Fuentes, Essential oil of majoram (Origanum majorana L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res. 9, 479-480 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
275.50(Z)- asarone
295.70(E)- asarone
160.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
11tracebeta- bourbonene
1452.90beta- caryophyllene
130.80iso caryophyllene
252.20  caryophyllene oxide
50.401,8- cineole
40.20para- cymene
10trace(E)-beta- damascenone
120.20beta- elemene
23trace(Z)-iso elemicin
220.10(E,Z)-alpha- farnesene
200.60(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
191.20(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
1723.80alpha- humulene
281.40  humulene oxide I
31trace isomer of apiole 1
32trace isomer of apiole 2
80.20  linalool
180.20(E)- methyl isoeugenol
150.20(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
9trace  methyl salicylate
260.30iso myristicin
240.90(E)- nerolidol
7trace  nonanal
3trace3- octanol
20.103- octanone
10.201- octen-3-ol
332.50 other compounds
60.10gamma- terpinene
300.102,4,5- trimethoxybenzaldehyde
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 18, (2001)
pelargonium capitatum l. l'hér. ex aiton oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.10  borneol
150.80beta- bourbonene
282.40alpha- bulnesene
471.00  cadalene
290.10gamma- cadinene
322.60delta- cadinene
450.20alpha- cadinol
340.30alpha- calacorene
350.10beta- calacorene
310.20(Z)- calamenene
183.20beta- caryophyllene
3814.70  caryophyllene oxide
825.60  citronellol
120.10  citronellyl acetate
102.50  citronellyl formate
140.20alpha- copaene
130.10alpha- cubebene
300.60  cubebol
430.60  cubenol
160.70beta- elemene
530.80  ethyl hexadecanoate
203.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
490.40(Z,E)- farnesol
510.20(E,E)- farnesol
520.40(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
91.90  geraniol
360.10  geranyl butyrate
230.30  geranyl propionate
251.80  germacrene D
390.10  gleenol
197.20alpha- guaiene
270.20(Z)-beta- guaiene
210.70alpha- humulene
401.80  humulene oxide II
460.5014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
410.40(E)-sesqui lavandulol
10.10  linalool
170.10  longifolene
40.30iso menthone
240.10gamma- muurolene
420.40epi-alpha- muurolol
500.40(E)- nerolidol acetate
480.90(Z)- nerolidyl acetate
220.60alpha- patchoulene
25.50(Z)- rose oxide
34.50(E)- rose oxide
440.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
260.30beta- selinene
372.00  spathulenol
60.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.20alpha- terpineol
110.10  thymol
333.60 unknown MW 218
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 21, (2001)
phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.40beta- bisabolene
2512.60gamma- bisabolene
323.50beta- bisabolol
132.60beta- bourbonene
261.80delta- cadinene
311.10alpha- cadinol
168.70beta- caryophyllene
281.90  caryophyllene oxide
291.00epi- cedrol
121.20alpha- copaene
101.90alpha- cubebene
140.80beta- cubebene
230.30  cuparene
80.30  decanal
150.30beta- elemene
90.20delta- elemene
191.20(E)-beta- farnesene
170.80(Z)-beta- farnesene
270.90  germacrene B
2017.80  germacrene D
360.60  heneicosane
353.60  hexadecanoic acid
181.20alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
60.70  linalool
220.30alpha- muurolene
301.00epi-alpha- muurolol
340.30  nonadecane
70.50  nonanal
50.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
28.90alpha- pinene
30.20beta- pinene
10.40alpha- thujene
372.30  tricosane
333.106,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
111.70alpha- ylangene
210.80  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 355, (2000)
pinus mugo turra var. pumilio (haenke) zenari oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
36trace  bisabolol
230.43  bornyl acetate
200.13beta- bourbonene
3111.89delta-cadinene + geranyl acetate
375.82alpha- cadinol
342.17T- cadinol
320.13  calamenene
45.24  camphene
711.77delta-3- carene
260.40beta- caryophyllene
190.62alpha- copaene
180.33alpha- cubebene
140.09para- cymene
254.81beta- elemene
297.62  germacrene D
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
270.86alpha- humulene
109.13  limonene
210.07  linalool
220.10  linalyl acetate
150.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
301.87alpha- muurolene
351.51alpha- muurolol
81.52  myrcene
130.33beta- ocimene
110.42beta- phellandrene
39.95alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
60.30  sabinene
10.17  santene
330.24  spathulenol
240.39  terpinen-4-ol
90.13alpha- terpinene
120.23gamma- terpinene
280.10alpha- terpineol
162.15  terpinolene
20.38  tricyclene

M. Yatagai and T. Sato, Terpenes of leaf oils from conifers. Biochem. System. Ecol., 14, 469-478 (1986).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
The following year, Orav et al. (1996) analyzed an oil of Estonian P sylvestris needle oil. Using a combination of CC and CC/MS they determined that the oil was coin prised of the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.20  bicyclogermacrene
150.30  borneol
241.80  bornyl acetate
410.10beta- bourbonene
380.10a cadinene
364.80delta- cadinene
341.20gamma- cadinene
482.70alpha- cadinol
330.20  calamenene
63.40  camphene
13trace  camphor
1623.70delta-3- carene
432.90beta- caryophyllene
424.90  caryophyllene oxide
21trace  citronellol
350.10alpha- copaene
450.10beta- copaene
200.10para- cymene
390.30beta- elemene
310.80alpha- farnesene
400.20beta- farnesene
22trace  geraniol
32trace geranyl acetate + alpha-ylangene
230.10alpha- guaiene
470.50alpha- humulene
50.80  limonene
370.10  longifolene
302.80alpha- muurolene
272.00gamma- muurolene
250.30epsilon-muurolene + beta-guaiene
461.00T- muurolol
440.70alpha-muurolol + T-cadinol
122.10  myrcene
29trace neryl acetate + alpha-cubebene
71.50(E)-beta- ocimene
140.20alpha- phellandrene
21.00beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
428.10alpha- pinene
102.10beta- pinene
81.00  sabinene
170.40  terpinen-4-ol
180.20alpha- terpinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
112.60  terpinolene
260.60alpha-terpinyl acetate + delta-elemene
30.20alpha- thujene
10.70  tricyclene

A. Orav, T. Kalias and M. Liiv, Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 43, 215-219 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.10(E)- anethole
290.50iso borneol
46tracebeta- bourbonene
70.30  camphene
270.70  camphor
111.50delta-3- carene
48tracebeta- caryophyllene
54trace  caryophyllene oxide
200.101,8- cineole
450.10alpha- copaene
313.60para- cymen-8-ol
130.40para- cymene
190.20para- cymenene
470.10beta- elemene
420.10  eugenol
490.20beta- farnesene
6tracealpha- fenchene
2230.80  fenchone
241.50alpha- fenchyl alcohol
521.40  germacrene D
510.10beta- gurjunene
30.10  hexanol
20.10(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
11.20(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
500.20alpha- humulene
550.10  humulene oxide
400.704- hydroxypiperitone
370.10(Z)-2-hydroxypiperitone
390.60(E)-2-hydroxypiperitone
143.20  limonene
23trace  linalool
250.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
530.10alpha- muurolene
92.20  myrcene
300.80  neral
570.20  nerolidol
160.60(E)-beta- ocimene
100.70alpha- phellandrene
150.20beta- phellandrene
58trace  phytol
50.60alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
411.30  piperitenone
4310.90  piperitenone oxide
34trace  piperitone
360.50(E)- piperitone oxide
353.00(Z)- piperitone oxide
441.80iso pulegone
21trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
560.10  spathulenol
280.10  terpinen-4-ol
120.80alpha- terpinene
170.20gamma- terpinene
320.30alpha- terpineol
1825.20  terpinolene
4tracealpha- thujene
380.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 73, (2001)
polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.40allo- aromadendrene
110.20  aromadendrene
30.20  bicycloelemene
214.30  bicyclogermacrene
50.30beta- bourbonene
240.30  cadina-1,4-diene
230.50gamma- cadinene
221.20delta- cadinene
320.90T- cadinol
350.80alpha- cadinol
260.30  calacorene
250.30  calamenene
107.50beta- caryophyllene
279.50  caryophyllene oxide
42.70alpha- copaene
10.30alpha- cubebene
70.30beta- cubebene
91.00beta- elemene
20.40delta- elemene
186.80  germacrene D
291.50  globulol
6tracealpha- gurjunene
152.40alpha- humulene
331.10T- muurolol
340.60alpha- muurolol
191.50beta- selinene
201.10alpha- selinene
3118.60  spathulenol
121.10 unknown a
140.10 unknown b
160.90 unknown c
282.20 unknown d
170.60  viridiflorene
301.10  viridiflorol
80.30beta- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
polyalthia michaelii leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.20  bicycloelemene
234.00  bicyclogermacrene
110.20beta- bourbonene
250.40gamma- cadinene
240.80delta- cadinene
20.60delta-3- carene
151.70beta- caryophyllene
263.40  caryophyllene oxide
100.20alpha- copaene
70.20alpha- cubebene
120.20beta- cubebene
270.30  cubenol
5tracepara- cymene
140.60beta- elemene
80.40delta- elemene
160.10gamma- elemene
200.70  germacrene D
282.40  globulol
180.50alpha- humulene
40.10  limonene
3trace  myrcene
10.30alpha- pinene
210.40beta- selinene
220.40alpha- selinene
3042.20  spathulenol
6trace  terpinolene
130.20 unknown a
170.30 unknown b
190.90 unknown c
290.80  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
prangos uloptera dc. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
141.00  aromadendrene
171.20  bicyclogermacrene
100.40beta- bourbonene
190.80delta- cadinene
1318.20beta- caryophyllene
121.00beta- cedrene
92.00alpha- copaene
111.60beta- cubebene
41.00para- cymene
1617.20  germacrene D
211.70  globulol
151.40alpha- humulene
58.70  limonene
20.90  myrcene
61.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
72.50(E)-beta- ocimene
31.80alpha- phellandrene
11.30alpha- pinene
181.70beta- selinene
203.30  spathulenol
82.10gamma- terpinene

J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 84, (2001)

prangos uloptera dc. seed oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
9trace  aromadendrene
60.90beta- bourbonene
120.70delta- cadinene
83.40beta- caryophyllene
74.00beta- cedrene
5tracealpha- copaene
3tracepara- cymene
11trace  germacrene D
100.40alpha- humulene
4trace  limonene
141.90alpha- pinene
21.60  sabinene

J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 84, (2001)

protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.30beta- bourbonene
130.30  camphor
70.30delta-2- carene
181.00beta- caryophyllene
96.00para- cymene
190.20  germacrene B
170.30alpha- gurjunene
150.40iso ledene
1016.90  limonene
60.30  myrcene
816.70alpha- phellandrene
310.50alpha- pinene
52.40beta- pinene
140.20  piperitone
42.90  sabinene
120.30(E)- sabinene hydrate
10.40(E)- salvene
1128.50  terpinolene
20.70alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 33, (2001)
salvia officinalis oil albania
Dobos et al. (1997) analyzed an oil produced from S. officinalis grown in Albania. The oil, which was analyzed by a combination of CC and GC/MS was found to possess the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
208.70  borneol
235.00  bornyl acetate
26tracebeta- bourbonene
330.10delta- cadinene
42.80  camphene
199.70  camphor
280.70beta- caryophyllene
340.10  caryophyllene oxide
113.401,8- cineole
25tracealpha- copaene
90.20para- cymene
310.10  germacrene B
294.30alpha- humulene
360.70  humulene oxide
271.00  jasmone
101.30  limonene
300.10gamma- muurolene
60.90  myrcene
130.10(E)-beta- ocimene
120.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
71.00alpha- phellandrene
21.10alpha- pinene
32.30beta- pinene
50.30  sabinene
180.30(E)- sabinol
371.90  sclarene
210.50  terpinen-4-ol
80.20alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
220.10alpha- terpineol
150.40  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
1635.90alpha- thujone
179.70beta- thujone
240.30  thujyl acetate
320.10  valencene
354.60  viridiflorol

A. Dobos, G. Nagy, E. M. Genova, I. Mathe, V. Miklossy-Vary and G. Janicsak, Comparative analysis of Salvia officinalis and Salvia tomentosa essential oils.

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia sclarea oil
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF SALVIA SCLAREA (LAMIACEAE) ESSENTIAL OIL ANA DŽAMIĆ, MARINA SOKOVIĆ, M. RISTIĆ, SLAVICA GRUJIĆ-JOVANOVIĆ, JELENA VUKOJEVIĆ, and P. D. MARIN
#%LeftshiftComponents
1500.17  bicyclogermacrene
1160.64  borneol
1280.83  bornyl acetate
1380.94beta- bourbonene
1520.13delta- cadinene
1140.30  camphor
1411.83beta- caryophyllene
1580.27  caryophyllene oxide
1032.291,8- cineole
1370.55alpha- copaene
1390.67beta- cubebene
1020.18para- cymene
1390.35beta- elemene
1480.84  germacrene D
1450.08alpha- humulene
1021.55  limonene
10918.18  linalool
12552.83  linalyl acetate
1210.14  linalyl formate
9911.01  myrcene
1230.26  nerol
1360.52  neryl acetate
1030.32(Z)-beta- ocimene
1050.66(E)-beta- ocimene
9394.57alpha- pinene
9790.90beta- pinene
2220.06  sclareol
2220.08  sclareol oxide
1570.13  spathulenol
1185.00alpha- terpineol
1161.19beta- terpineol
1190.90gamma- terpineol
1080.41iso terpinolene
1350.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
salvia sclarea oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
11trace(E)-anhydrolinalool oxide furanoid
9trace(Z)- anhydrolinalool oxide furanoid
27trace  bornyl acetate
24tracebeta- bourbonene
2trace  camphene
291.40-1.60beta- caryophyllene
370.30-0.60  caryophyllene oxide
230.10-0.20alpha- copaene
22tracealpha- cubebene
13tracepara- cymene
360.10-0.30  geraniol
340.30-0.50  geranyl acetate
321.60-2.00  germacrene D
16trace  hexanal
8trace(E)-2- hexenal
18trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
17trace-0.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
70.10-0.20  limonene
259.00-16.00  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2649.00-73.60  linalyl acetate
39trace  mint sulfide
50.10-0.20  myrcene
35trace-0.10  nerol
330.20-0.30  neryl acetate
120.10-0.20(E)-ocimene
15trace(Z,Z)-allo- ocimene
10trace(Z)- ocimene
20trace1- octen-3-ol
10.10-0.20alpha- pinene
30.10-0.30beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
400.10-0.20  sclareol
38trace  spathulenol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
300.20-0.60alpha- terpineol
14trace  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 15, No. 4, 63, (1990)

salvia sclarea oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.10  aromadendrene
57trace  benzyl tiglate
29trace  bornyl acetate
250.15beta- bourbonene
43tracedelta- cadinene
2trace  camphene
62trace  carvacrol
301.20beta- caryophyllene
501.50  caryophyllene oxide
6trace1,8- cineole
230.50alpha- copaene
260.10beta- cubebene
480.15para- cymen-8-ol
460.10beta- damascenone
691.25 deutenyl curcumene furanoid
45trace dihydro-para-cymen-8-ol
580.10  dodecahydro-3a-,6,6,9a-tetramethyl(2,1beta)furan
550.15  elemol
610.158,13- epoxy-15,16-dinorlabd-12-ene
56trace  eudesmol
54trace10-epi-gamma- eudesmol
630.20alpha- eudesmol
641.50beta- eudesmol
24trace formic acid + benzaldehyde
412.15  geranial
496.50  geraniol
447.50  geranyl acetate
401.25  geranyl formate
140.10  hexanol
170.102- hexanol
150.153- hexanol
70.152- hexenal
12trace hexen-1-yl acetate furanoid
350.10alpha- humulene
51trace  hydroxycitronellal
670.10endo-8-hydroxycycloisolongifolene furanoid
521.20 hydroxylinalool furanoid
370.10 lavandulol + beta-farnesene
50.15  limonene
2717.20  linalool
221.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
190.15(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2814.30  linalyl acetate
31trace  linalyl formate
712.50  manool
680.10  manoyl oxide
700.1513-epi- manoyl oxide
34trace  methyl chavicol
9trace2-methyl-2-vinyl-4-isopropenyl tetrahydrofuran
13trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
38trace  muurolene
66trace muurolol
40.25  myrcene
361.50  neral
475.50  nerol
21trace  nerol oxide
53trace  nerolidol
425.20  neryl acetate
16trace  nonanal
100.15(E)-beta- ocimene
80.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
180.10  perillene
10.10alpha- pinene
30.10beta- pinene
725.20  sclareol
590.20  spathulenol
330.20  terpinen-4-ol
3915.10alpha- terpineol
11trace  terpinolene
65trace  thymol
600.10  valerianol
200.10alpha-ylangene + 1-octen-3-ol

Ch. Souleles and N. Argyriadou, Constituents of the essential oil of Salvia sclarea growing wild in Greece. Internat. J. Pharmacog., 35, 218-220 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
6trace  amyl butyrate
390.52  bicyclogermacrene
150.12  borneol
241.11  bornyl acetate
300.27beta- bourbonene
350.14alpha- cadinene
420.22gamma- cadinene
511.10alpha- cadinol
45tracebeta- calacorene
440.77(Z)-calamenene + germacrene B
2trace  camphene
334.80beta- caryophyllene
470.99  caryophyllene oxide
320.14alpha- cedrene
70.831,8-cineole + limonene
260.36alpha- cubebene
480.16  cubenol
280.27beta- damascenone
180.11  dihydrocarveol
310.43beta- elemene
25tracedelta- elemene
500.73beta- eudesmol
410.27(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
360.14(Z)-beta- farnesene
220.93  geranial
201.12  geraniol
291.62  geranyl acetate
230.25  geranyl formate
377.57  germacrene D
340.14beta- gurjunene
1432.97  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2116.85  linalyl acetate
540.55  manool
52trace  manoyl oxide
531.1413-epi- manoyl oxide
400.40alpha- muurolene
490.42alpha- muurolol
51.61  myrcene
190.72  nerol
43trace(Z)- nerolidol
271.17  neryl acetate
90.94(E)-beta- ocimene
80.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.41beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
550.45  sclareol
460.12  spathulenol
16trace  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
175.63alpha- terpineol
130.37  terpinolene
382.84  valencene

M. E. Torres, A. Velasco-Negueruela, M. J. Perez-Alonso and M. G. Pinilla, Volatile constituents of two Salvia species grown wild in Spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 27-33 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1460.06allo- aromadendrene
1494.29  bicyclogermacrene
1530.35beta- bourbonene
1770.24delta- cadinene
1640.52T- cadinol
1640.88alpha- cadinol
1540.10alpha- calacorene
1291.93  carvacrol
1410.24beta- caryophyllene
2003.18  caryophyllene oxide
1210.121,8- cineole
1374.08alpha- copaene
1342.86alpha- cubebene
1540.72beta- cubebene
1900.24epi- cubenol
1020.12para- cymene
1470.85delta- elemene
 1.72beta- eudesmol
1252.79  geraniol
1381.94  geranyl acetate
1551.29  germacrene B
1475.88  germacrene D
8520.03(E)-2- hexenal
1450.08alpha- humulene
1591.55  humulene oxide I
1030.17  limonene
10924.25  linalool
1236.90  linalyl acetate
 0.5913-epi- manool
1220.98  nerol
1730.36  neryl acetate
1381.46(Z)-allo-ocimene
1030.03beta- phellandrene
9390.27alpha- pinene
2140.03  spathulenol
1610.37  terpinen-4-ol
1180.20alpha- terpineol
1180.20delta- terpineol
1350.29alpha- terpinyl acetate
9307.48alpha- thujene
2190.10  thymol
9270.08  tricyclene
1100.75  undecane
1370.24alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1661.29allo- aromadendrene
1430.66  aromadendrene
1501.10beta- bisabolene
1280.79  bornyl acetate
1381.73beta- bourbonene
11438.94  camphor
1010.50delta-3- carene
1410.27beta- caryophyllene
1577.28  caryophyllene oxide
1411.50beta- cubebene
1280.37para- cymene
1333.97delta- elemene
1643.76beta- eudesmol
1441.76(Z)-beta- farnesene
1080.26alpha- fenchone
8000.42  hexanal
1680.67alpha- humulene
1550.84  linalool
1451.05(E)- linalool oxide
1562.53  linalyl acetate
 5.6113-epi- manool
1470.05gamma- muurolene
1362.40  neryl acetate
1111.55(Z)-allo-ocimene
1030.44alpha- pinene
1170.88  terpinen-4-ol
1182.03alpha- terpineol
1680.49delta- terpineol
1354.77alpha- terpinyl acetate
1420.52alpha- thujone
9270.96  tricyclene
1102.65  undecane
it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seedsOverall,. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
satureja calamintha (l.) scheele oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
21tracebeta- bourbonene
22traceiso caryophyllene
23trace  germacrene D
73.40  limonene
144.30iso menthone
1332.00  menthone
40.30  myrcene
8trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
11trace  octanol
50.703- octanol
10.70alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
197.00  piperitenone
201.00  piperitenone oxide
187.30  piperitone
1741.00  pulegone
150.70iso pulegone
20.20  sabinene
10trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
160.50  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
9tracegamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 11, (2001)
satureja viminea oil costa rica
#%LeftshiftComponents
30tracebeta- bourbonene
360.60delta- cadinene
350.20gamma- cadinene
420.10alpha- cadinol
40traceT- cadinol
5trace  camphene
323.60beta- caryophyllene
130.101,8- cineole
290.30alpha- copaene
11tracepara- cymene
17tracepara- cymenene
31tracealpha- gurjunene
1trace(E)-2- hexenal
20.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
331.30alpha- humulene
121.00  limonene
180.50  linalool
1940.00para- menth-3-en-8-ol
155.20para- mentha-3,8-diene
200.10  menthofuran
340.60gamma- muurolene
410.10T- muurolol
8trace  myrcene
230.20  myrtenal
270.10  neral
370.20(E)- nerolidol
28trace  neryl acetate
9tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
70.50beta- pinene
260.70  piperitenone
2535.30  pulegone
210.60iso pulegone
60.20  sabinene
380.50  spathulenol
220.10  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
14tracegamma- terpinene
240.10alpha- terpineol
160.90  terpinolene
30.10alpha- thujene
39trace  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 279, (2000)
spearmint oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.91-1.24beta- bourbonene
20.05-0.08  camphene
310.11-0.17trans- carveol
320.31-0.54cis- carveol
2965.79-71.62  carvone
300.03-0.12cis- carvyl acetate
71.40-1.571,8- cineole
12trace-0.04para- cymene
250.12-0.43(E)- dihydrocarvone
240.92-2.20(Z)- dihydrocarvone
270.35-0.43  dihydrocarvyl acetate
220.06-0.23beta- elemene
280.09-0.30  germacrene D
613.65-17.27  limonene
200.10-0.51  linalool
260.08-0.11  menthol
180.08-0.26  menthone
50.82-1.13  myrcene
9trace-0.07(E)-beta- ocimene
80.06-0.14(Z)-beta- ocimene
152.09-2.663- octanol
11trace-0.073- octanone
160.05-0.121- octen-3-yl acetate
140.13-0.233- octyl acetate
10.51-0.72alpha- pinene
30.58-0.76beta- pinene
40.43-0.56  sabinene
170.95-1.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.06-0.08(Z)- sabinene hydrate
230.33-0.45  terpinen-4-ol
100.07-0.14gamma- terpinene
130.04-0.07  terpinolene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 18, No. 3, 61, (1993)

stachys recta oil serbia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20allo- aromadendrene
16trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
132.90beta- bourbonene
210.10delta- cadinene
310.60alpha- cadinol
120.10  camphor
172.60beta- caryophyllene
264.60  caryophyllene oxide
40.501,8- cineole
150.10beta- cubebene
8tracepara- cymene
230.90(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
301.70  eugenol
241.30  geranyl acetate
90.70(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
273.80  humulene oxide
250.40beta- ionone
30.20  limonene
142.00  linalool
220.20  methyl salicylate
283.60  nerolidol
5trace(E)-beta- ocimene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
100.60  octanol
1119.701- octen-3-ol
10.50alpha- pinene
21.30beta- pinene
200.10  piperitone
290.90  spathulenol
60.30gamma- terpinene
191.20alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 455, (2000)
tanacetum vulgare oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
161.60  artemisyl alcohol
1223.50  artemisyl ketone
180.10beta- bourbonene
31tracedelta- cadinene
30.60  camphene
196.00  camphor
296.60  carvone
230.30beta- caryophyllene
80.701,8- cineole
170.10alpha- copaene
200.10beta- copaene
100.80para- cymene
281.50  germacrene D
70.20  limonene
260.20  menthol
240.10neo menthol
10.10(E)-2-methyl-3-methylene hept-5-ene
60.10alpha- phellandrene
20.20alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
51.50  sabinene
270.20  sabinol
301.20  sabinyl 2-methyl butyrate
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
90.30gamma- terpinene
11trace  terpinolene
140.90alpha- thujone
1549.50beta- thujone
250.40isothujyl alcohol
320.20  viridiflorol
220.10beta- ylangene
131.10  yomogi alcohol

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished data (1976).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.70allo- aromadendrene
3032.30beta- bisabolene
14trace  borneol
250.60beta- bourbonene
311.00delta- cadinene
344.00T- cadinol
13trace  camphor
2213.10  carvacrol
24trace  carvacryl acetate
180.50trans- carveol
200.70  carvone
263.40beta- caryophyllene
333.10  caryophyllene oxide
80.751,8- cineole
52.10para- cymene
161.00(Z)- dihydrocarvone
175.00(E)- dihydrocarvone
291.90  germacrene D
61.00  limonene
121.60  linalool
1912.40  methyl thymol
280.40gamma- muurolene
4trace  myrcene
70.50beta- phellandrene
320.70beta-sesqui phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
2trace  sabinene
101.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
150.60  terpinen-4-ol
9tracegamma- terpinene
11tracebeta- thujone
211.30  thymol
23trace  thymyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 8, (2001)
thymus serpyllum oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.42allo- aromadendrene
190.05alpha- bisabolene
80.24beta- bourbonene
210.33delta- cadinene
302.90alpha- cadinol
283.40T- cadinol
240.33(Z)- calamenene
20.04  camphene
290.30  carvacrol
1113.80beta- caryophyllene
263.00isocaryophyllene oxide + caryophyllene oxide
50.401,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
60.16para- cymene
220.22(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
150.91(E)-beta- farnesene
321.92  farnesol
310.40  farnesyl acetate
170.47  geranial
2511.80  geraniol
2025.00  geranyl acetate
330.09  indole
40.51  limonene
91.60  linalool
162.00gamma- muurolene
130.50  neral
230.70  nerol
277.00  nerolidol
180.60  neryl acetate
100.05(E)-2- nonenal
10.08alpha- pinene
3tracebeta-pinene + sabinene
70.12 rose oxide
141.60alpha- terpineol

G. Vemin, C. Ghiglione and C. Parkanyi, GC-MS-SPECMA bank analysis of Thymus serpyllum (Opiz) Wollm. (wild thyme) from Hautes AIpes (France). In Spices, herbs and edible fungi. Edit., G, Charalambous, pp. 501-515, Developments in Food Science, 34, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

thymus vulgaris oil red spain
An oil of T. Vulgaris that was produced for two separate seasons in Casolavalsenio, Italy, was subjected to analysis by a combination of GC and GC/MS (Piccaglia and Marotti, 1993). The compounds that were characterized during this analysis were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
19trace  aromadendrene
340.44-0.45  borneol
400.04-0.07  bornyl acetate
16tracebeta- bourbonene
260.11-0.25delta- cadinene
250.06-0.15gamma- cadinene
29trace-0.05alpha- cadinol
28trace-0.09delta- cadinol
30.18-0.46  camphene
33trace-0.30  camphor
90.07-0.13delta-3- carene
420.61-1.72  carvacrol
172.38-4.28beta- caryophyllene
270.29-0.45  caryophyllene oxide
131.96-2.621,8- cineole
44tracealpha- copaene
43trace-0.08  cumin alcohol
36tracepara- cymen-8-ol
1118.60-25.34para- cymene
21trace-0.04(Z)-beta- farnesene
18trace-0.04beta- gurjunene
200.13-0.23alpha- humulene
120.17-0.30  limonene
302.42-2.82  linalool
381.43-1.52  methyl thymol
220.04-0.07alpha- muurolene
24trace-0.08gamma- muurolene
71.40-2.14  myrcene
60.41-0.671- octen-3-ol
80.15-0.19alpha- phellandrene
20.49-1.34alpha- pinene
50.17-0.41beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
350.98-1.10  terpinen-4-ol
101.67-2.34alpha- terpinene
1412.06-12.27gamma- terpinene
370.17-0.26alpha- terpineol
150.18-0.19  terpinolene
10.87-2.10alpha- thujene
310.00-0.51alpha- thujone
320.00-0.15beta- thujone
4116.55-38.24  thymol
39trace  thymoquinone
23trace-0.10  viridiflorene

R. Piccaglia, M. Marotti, E. Giovanelli, S. G. Deans and E. Eaglesham, Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of Mediterranean aromatic plants. Inust. Crops Products, (2), 47-50 (1993).

R. Piccaglia, M. Marotti, Characterization of several aromatic plants grown in northern Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 8, 115-122 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.10beta- bourbonene
170.40delta- cadinene
70.30  carvacrol
130.209-epi-beta- caryophyllene
120.50beta- caryophyllene
90.10alpha- copaene
81.10  cyclosativene
20.10para- cymene
110.20beta- elemene
202.90epi- globulol
150.40gamma- gurjunene
250.30  hexadecanoic acid
241.002- hexadecanone
180.20  ledol
30.20  limonene
40.30  linalool
160.80gamma- muurolene
260.30iso phytol
10.20alpha- pinene
1964.40  spathulenol
50.60  terpinen-4-ol
60.30alpha- terpineol
143.50 unknown a
216.10 unknown b
223.20 unknown c
232.00 unknown d
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 751, (2000)
zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20  aromadendrene
201.10allo- aromadendrene
2312.50  bicyclogermacrene
13tracebeta- bourbonene
190.10alpha- bulnesene
240.50delta- cadinene
250.60gamma- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
340.30T- cadinol
20.50  camphene
1714.00beta- caryophyllene
270.40  caryophyllene oxide
290.50  cubeban-11-ol
120.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
226.10  germacrene D
300.60  globulol
320.10  guaiol
140.10alpha- gurjunene
211.60alpha- humulene
280.60  ledol
81.20  limonene
150.20  linalool
360.10alpha- muurolol
350.30T- muurolol
62.90  myrcene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
260.60  palustrol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
91.00beta- phellandrene
381.70  phytol
146.00alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
40.40  sabinene
330.20  spathulenol
7tracealpha- terpinene
100.10gamma- terpinene
310.50  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
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