farnesol
 
Notes:
Enhances the odor of sweet florals. a colorless liquid extracted from oils of plants such as citronella, neroli, cyclamen, and tuberose. it is an intermediate step in the biological synthesis of cholesterol from mevalonic acid in vertebrates. it has a delicate odor and is used in perfumery. (from mcgraw-hill dictionary of scientific and technical terms, 5th ed) Component of many flower absolutes [CCD] Farnesol is a natural organic compound which is an acyclic sesquiterpene alcohol found as a colorless liquid. It is insoluble in water, but miscible with oils. It is the building block of most, and possibly all, acyclic sesquiterpenoids and is an important starting compound for organic synthesis. [Wikipedia]
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Fragrance Demo Formulas
3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol (Click)
CAS Number: 4602-84-0Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 225-004-1
FDA UNII:EB41QIU6JL
Beilstein Number: 1763926
MDL: MFCD00002918
FEMA Number: 2478
CoE Number: 78
XlogP3-AA: 4.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 222.37142000
Formula: C15 H26 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: CASrn does not specify stereoisomers. According to JECFA: Min. assay value is "96 % of C15H26O (sum of isomers)". Mixture of (Z)- and (E)-isomers for both C=C double bonds (EFFA, 2010). 10-15 %( 2Z,6Z); 20-25 % (2E,6Z); 20-25 % (2Z,6E); 40-50 %
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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JECFA Food Flavoring: 1230  farnesol
Flavis Number: 02.029 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 02.029  3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol
FEMA Number: 2478  farnesol
FDA Mainterm: FARNESOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 % sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.88700 to 0.88900 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.381 to  7.397
Refractive Index: 1.48900 to 1.49100 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 149.00 °C. @ 4.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 263.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.000370 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: >1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 205.00 °F. TCC ( 96.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.830 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 1.287 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 cream
 hair spray
 lipstick
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 soap
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: low
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
mild fresh sweet linden floral angelica
Substantivity: 400 Hour(s)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: deodorants
perfuming agents
solvents
soothing agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
  R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rat LD50  6000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

oral-mouse LD50  7400 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  443 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:  0.08 % (1)
Category 2:  0.11 %
Category 3:  0.40 %
Category 4:  1.20 %
Category 5:  0.60 %
Category 6:  2.00 % (1)
Category 7:  0.20 %
Category 8:  2.00 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 7.70 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 2.60 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -1.70000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.76000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.40000
fruit ices: -0.40000
gelatins / puddings: -0.10000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -1.40000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 202: 3-Alkylated aliphatic acyclic alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes and precursors with or without additional double bonds from chemical subgroup 1.1.3 of FGE.19[1]
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 72 (FGE.72): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids. Esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2 (2010)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 95 (FGE.95): Consideration of aliphatic, linear or branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids and related esters evaluated by JECFA (69th meeting) structurally related to esters of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and of one secondary alcohol, and branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 72, Revision 1 (FGE.72Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of a,▀-unsaturated straight-chain and branched-chain aliphatic primary alcohols, aldehydes, acids and esters belonging to chemical group 3 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 4602-84-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 3327
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WGK Germany:2
 3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
Chemidplus: 0004602840
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS: JR4979000 for cas# 4602-84-0
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References:
 3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 4602-84-0
Pubchem (cid): 3327
Pubchem (sid): 134986027
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
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KEGG (GenomeNet): C01126
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB04305
FooDB: FDB014891
Export Tariff Code: 2905.22.5050
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
isobutyraldehydeFL/FR
 citronellyl oxyacetaldehydeFL/FR
6,7,8-decen-1-olFR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
 lily pentanalFR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
3-methyl-4-hexyl oxybutyraldehydeFR
 muguet undecadienalFR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
isovaleraldehydeFL/FR
amber
 angelica root oilFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
animal
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 indoleFL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
anisic
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzophenoneFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cinnamyl butyrateFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 clover nitrileFR
 copaiba balsam oilFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 tolu balsamFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
caramellic
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
chemical
 propyl propionateFL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
citrus
 benzyl anthranilateFR
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 bergamot oil turkeyFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citrus floral green fragranceFR
 citrus ocimenolFR
(Z)-4-decenalFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetateFR
 grapefruit pentanolFR
 myrmac aldehydeFR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
2-tetradecenalFL/FR
(E)-2-tetradecenalFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenolFR
earthy
2-octanone oxime 
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
2-decenalFL/FR
floral
 acetaldehyde dibutyl acetalFL/FR
 amyl benzoateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 amyl salicylateFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 boronia concreteFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
4-isobutyl cyclohexane propanalFR
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl ethoxalateFR
 citronellyl formateFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 coriander seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
para-cresyl propionaldehydeCS
 cumin carbinolFR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 cyclamen homoaldehydeFR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propanolFR
2-decalinolFR
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
 dictamnus hispanicus oilFR
 dihydrocarvyl acetateFL/FR
(±)-2,3-dihydrofarnesolFL/FR
 dihydroisojasmonate methyl esterFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
6,8-dimethyl-2-nonanolFR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
4-ethyl cyclohexane propanalFR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ethyl phenoxyacetateFR
 farnesyl acetateFL/FR
 floral butanalFR
 floral pyranolFR
 floral undecenoneFR
 freesia acetateFR
 gardenia absoluteFR
 gardenia acetalFR
 gardenia concreteFR
 gardenia decaloneFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oilFL/FR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl formateFL/FR
 geranyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 geranyl nonanoateCS
 hawthorn ethanolFR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
(Z)-4-hepten-2-yl salicylateFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hexyl lactateFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 ho wood oilFR
 hyacinth etherFR
 hyacinth oilFR
 hydrangea fragranceFR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 hydroxycitronellal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellolFL/FR
 jasimiaFR
 jasmin cyclopentanolFR
 jonquil absoluteFR
 leerallFR
 leerall / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 lilac absoluteFR
 lily fragranceFR
 lily propanolFR
 lilyallFR
 lilyall / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl benzoateFL/FR
 linalyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl propionateFL/FR
 lotus fragranceFR
 magnolia cyclohexanolFR
 magnolia decadienalFR
 magnolia indeneFR
(2-methoxy-1-methyl propyl) benzeneFR
(3-methoxy-2-methyl propyl) benzeneFR
 methoxycitronellalFR
1-(2-methyl allyl oxy)-2-methyl butaneFR
4-methyl cyclohexane propanalFR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
2-methyl octanalFL/FR
 mimosa absoluteFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 mimosa absolute indiaFL/FR
 muguet butanalFR
 muguet butanolFR
 muguet carbaldehydeFR
 muguet carbinolFL/FR
 muguet carboxaldehydeFR
 muguet ethanolFR
 muguet nitrileFR
 muguet octadienolFR
 muguet propanolFR
 muguet shiseolFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
 neroli oil bigardeFL/FR
 neroli oil CO2 extractFL/FR
(E)-nerolidolFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
(S)-ocean propanal 
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 ocean propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
(Z)-beta-ocimeneFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute tunisiaFL/FR
 orchid specialtyFR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
 papaya isobutyrateFL/FR
 peony alcoholFR
 petitgrain lemon oilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl butyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dicitronellyl acetalFR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl glycol diacetateFR
2-phenyl propionaldehyde ethylene glycol acetalFR
4-propyl cyclohexane propanalFR
3-(4-propyl phenyl) propionaldehyde 
 rhodinolFL/FR
 rhodinyl formateFL/FR
 rose absolute pentanolFR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
(Z)-rose oxideFL/FR
 rose pyranFR
 styralyl formateFL/FR
 sweet pea absoluteFR
 tagetes erecta flower oleoresin 
alpha-terpinyl anthranilateFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
5-tricyclodecenyl acetateFR
(S,E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-6,10-dienalFR
 verdyl acetateFR
 violet methyl carbonateFR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oil IIIFL/FR
fresh
3-(3-propen-2-yl phenyl) butanalFR
fruity
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
 citronellyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl crotonateFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrateFR
alpha,alpha-dimethyl benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 dimethyl succinateFL/FR
2-ethyl butyl 2-butenoate 
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
(E)-ethyl tiglateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
 peach pivalateFR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
fungal
 jasmin nonaneFR
green
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 chrysanthemum oxideFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
 diphenyl methaneFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
 earthy acetalFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethylene glycol diacetate 
2-ethylidene-6-methyl-cis-3-heptenal 
 flower hexeneFR
 green cyclopropionateFR
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
2-heptyl pyridine 
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetoacetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl angelateFR
 hexen-1-yl oxypropane nitrileFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
 hexyl (Z)-tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 hyacinth absoluteFL/FR
 ivy dioxolaneFR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
(2-methoxy-1-methyl butyl) benzeneFR
[(4E,4Z)-5-methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzeneFR
 methyl cyclocitrone (IFF)FR
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
4-methyl-4-phenyl pentanoneFR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
2-nonanone oxime 
1-(octahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-yl)-propan-2-ol 
 octanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 octyl oxyacetaldehydeFR
 pelargonium graveolens stem leaf extractFR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde solutionFL/FR
 phenyl hexyl acetateFR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 chrysanthemum ketoneFR
 clary sage absoluteFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 dihexyl (E)-fumarateFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl salicylateFL/FR
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetalFR
marine
 ozone propanalFR
medicinal
 kunzea ericoides leaf oilFR
melon
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
 watermelon ketoneFR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 veramoss (IFF)FR
muguet
4-isobutyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzeneFR
4-ethyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzeneFR
4-methyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzeneFR
4-propyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzeneFR
naphthyl
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
spicy
 cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 spicy carbonateFR
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
tea
 camellia oleifera leaf extractFL/FR
terpenic
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
tonka
 coumarinFR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
3-decanoneFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
woody
 amber carbinolFR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 santallFR
 tobacarol (IFF)FR
 woody acetateFR
 woody propanolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 acetaldehyde dibutyl acetalFL/FR
 amyl benzoateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 boronia concreteFL/FR
3-decanoneFL/FR
(±)-2,3-dihydrofarnesolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 earthy acetalFL/FR
2-ethyl butyl 2-butenoate 
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ethylene glycol diacetate 
2-ethylidene-6-methyl-cis-3-heptenal 
2-heptyl pyridine 
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetoacetateFL/FR
 hexyl (Z)-tiglateFL/FR
 hyacinth absoluteFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linalyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl salicylateFL/FR
2-methyl octanalFL/FR
2-nonanone oxime 
(S)-ocean propanal 
1-(octahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-yl)-propan-2-ol 
2-octanone oxime 
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde solutionFL/FR
3-(4-propyl phenyl) propionaldehyde 
 styralyl formateFL/FR
 tagetes erecta flower oleoresin 
alpha-terpinyl anthranilateFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
2-tetradecenalFL/FR
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
aldehydic
isobutyraldehydeFL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
amber
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
animal
 indoleFL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
apple
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
aromatic
 amyl salicylateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 copaiba balsam oilFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 tolu balsamFL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
caramellic
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 bergamot oil turkeyFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citronellyl oxyacetaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-4-decenalFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain lemon oilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
cooling
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
fatty
2-decenalFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 dihydrocarvyl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
 farnesyl acetateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oilFL/FR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl benzoateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 muguet carbinolFL/FR
 muguet shiseolFL/FR
 neroli oil bigardeFL/FR
 neroli oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute tunisiaFL/FR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 rhodinolFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oil IIIFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 apple essence concentrateFL
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
 citronellyl formateFL/FR
 citronellyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
alpha,alpha-dimethyl benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 dimethyl succinateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
(E)-ethyl tiglateFL/FR
2,4-hexadien-1-olFL
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 hexyl lactateFL/FR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
(Z)-3-nonen-1-yl acetateFL
 phenethyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
 rhodinyl formateFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
isovaleraldehydeFL/FR
geranium
 benzophenoneFL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 angelica root oilFL/FR
 chrysanthemum oxideFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clary sage absoluteFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
3,4-dimethoxystyreneFL
 diphenyl methaneFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl formateFL/FR
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-undecynoateFL
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
(E)-nerolidolFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
(Z)-beta-ocimeneFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 octanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 papaya isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-rose oxideFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 coriander seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 linalyl propionateFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
medicinal
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
melon
 hydroxycitronellal diethyl acetalFL/FR
phenolic
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
powdery
 hydroxycitronellolFL/FR
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
spicy
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
tea
 camellia oleifera leaf extractFL/FR
terpenic
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 propyl propionateFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 mimosa absoluteFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 mimosa absolute indiaFL/FR
(E)-2-tetradecenalFL/FR
winey
 cinnamyl butyrateFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 apricotFR
 bananaFR
 brandyFL
 cabreuvaFR
 castoreumFR
 citronellaFL/FR
 cranberryFR
 currantFR
 cyclamenFR
 floralFR
 gooseberryFR
 greenFR
 lemonFR
 lemongrassFR
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 linden blossom limeflower tilleulFR
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 neroliFR
 orange blossomFR
 orientalFR
 palmarosaFL/FR
 peachFR
 peru balsamFL/FR
 rain springFR
 raspberryFR
 reseda mignonetteFR
 roseFR
 tea greenFR
 thymeFL/FR
 tolu balsamFL/FR
 tuberoseFR
 violetFR
 ylang ylangFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 ambrette seed
Search Trop  Picture
 ambrette seed concrete @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 beet oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blueberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 brandy
Search  PMC Picture
 cabreuva
Search Trop  Picture
 cananga odorata oil java @ 1.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga oil china @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia plant
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
Search Trop  Picture
 citronella
Search  PMC Picture
 clove bud oil @ 0.77%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove leaf oil @ 0.61%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove stem oil india @ 0.47%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 1.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cubeb oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cumin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 davana oil @ 0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root
Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 0.22-0.44%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil france @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass plant
Search Trop  Picture
 neroli bigarde oil france @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.44%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orangeflower absolute morocco @ 3.6-15.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orangeflower water absolute @ 0.0-1.9%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 palmarosa
Search Trop  Picture
 plumcot fruit
Search  PMC Picture
 raspberry red raspberry plant
Search Trop  Picture
 rose absolute morocco @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage plant
Search Trop  Picture
 sideritis scardica l. oil bulgaria @ 4.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sideritis syriaca l. oil bulgaria @ 3.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 1.92%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tolu balsam
Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wine
Search  Picture
 ylang ylang
Search Trop  Picture
 zingiber officinale root oil china @ 0.34%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol, 3,7,11-trimethyl-
 dragosantol (Symrise)
 farnesol FCC
 farnesol special
 farnesol synthetic
 farnesyl alcohol
3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-2,6,10-trienol
3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol
2,6,10-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-12-ol
3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrienol
3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Effects of farnesol and the off-flavor derivative geosmin on Streptomyces tendae.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compound composition of Antrodia camphorata during solid state fermentation.
PubMed: Improved production of isoamyl acetate by a sake yeast mutant resistant to an isoprenoid analog and its dependence on alcohol acetyltransferase activity, but not on isoamyl alcohol production.
PubMed: Differential neural responses evoked by orthonasal versus retronasal odorant perception in humans.
PubMed: Characterization of the odor-active volatiles in citrus Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Development of a multianalyte method based on micro-matrix-solid-phase dispersion for the analysis of fragrance allergens and preservatives in personal care products.
PubMed: Assessment of the antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of sesquiterpenic compounds in in vitro Caco-2 cell models.
PubMed: A new source of elemol rich essential oil and existence of multicellular oil glands in leaves of the Dioscorea species.
PubMed: Hepatoprotection of sesquiterpenoids: a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach.
PubMed: Characterization of essential oil from Citrus aurantium L. flowers: antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
PubMed: Determination of E,E-farnesol in Makgeolli (rice wine) using dynamic headspace sampling and stir bar sorptive extraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory effects of 27 selected terpenoid compounds tested through modulating Th1/Th2 cytokine secretion profiles using murine primary splenocytes.
PubMed: ╬▓-ionone induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human prostate tumor cells.
PubMed: Novel antibiofilm chemotherapy targets exopolysaccharide synthesis and stress tolerance in Streptococcus mutans to modulate virulence expression in vivo.
PubMed: Chemoprevention of hepatocarcinogenesis with dietary isoprenic derivatives: cellular and molecular aspects.
PubMed: Analgesic potential of intrathecal farnesyl thiosalicylic acid and GW 5074 in vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in rats.
PubMed: Identification, functional characterization, and regulation of the enzyme responsible for floral (E)-nerolidol biosynthesis in kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis).
PubMed: Alcohol-based quorum sensing plays a role in adhesion and sliding motility of the yeast Debaryomyces hansenii.
PubMed: Food components with anticaries activity.
PubMed: Increasing intake of long-chain n-3 PUFA enhances lipoperoxidation and modulates hepatic gene expression in a dose-dependent manner.
PubMed: Farnesol, an isoprenoid, improves metabolic abnormalities in mice via both PPAR╬▒-dependent and -independent pathways.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compound composition of Antrodia camphorata during solid state fermentation.
PubMed: Chemical composition, cytotoxicity effect and antimicrobial activity of Ceratonia siliqua essential oil with preservative effects against Listeria inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed: Development of a novel PPAR╬│ ligand screening system using pinpoint fluorescence-probed protein.
PubMed: Effect of Matricaria chamomilla L. flower essential oil on the growth and ultrastructure of Aspergillus niger van Tieghem.
PubMed: In vivo and in vitro skin absorption of lipophilic compounds, dibutyl phthalate, farnesol and geraniol in the hairless guinea pig.
PubMed: d-╬┤-Tocotrienol-mediated suppression of the proliferation of human PANC-1, MIA PaCa-2, and BxPC-3 pancreatic carcinoma cells.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on farnesol.
PubMed: Biphenylalkylacetylhydroquinone ethers suppress the proliferation of murine B16 melanoma cells.
PubMed: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for the study of juvenile hormones-recombinant protein interactions.
PubMed: Evaluation of an alcohol-based surgical hand disinfectant containing a synergistic combination of farnesol and benzethonium chloride for immediate and persistent activity against resident hand flora of volunteers and with a novel in vitro pig skin model.
PubMed: Effect of a short contact time with lees on volatile composition of Airen and Macabeo wines.
PubMed: Farnesol and geraniol chemopreventive activities during the initial phases of hepatocarcinogenesis involve similar actions on cell proliferation and DNA damage, but distinct actions on apoptosis, plasma cholesterol and HMGCoA reductase.
PubMed: Differential neural responses evoked by orthonasal versus retronasal odorant perception in humans.
PubMed: Chemical compounds of the foraging recruitment pheromone in bumblebees.
PubMed: Some advances in the knowledge of grape, wine and distillates chemistry as achieved by mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Modulation of hepatic and renal drug metabolizing enzyme activities in rats by subchronic administration of farnesol.
PubMed: Stir bar sorptive extraction applied to volatile constituents evolution during Vitis vinifera ripening.
PubMed: Studies of the isoprenoid-mediated inhibition of mevalonate synthesis applied to cancer chemotherapy and chemoprevention.
PubMed: Sensitization of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli to antibiotics by the sesquiterpenoids nerolidol, farnesol, bisabolol, and apritone.
PubMed: Juvenile hormone biosynthesis in larval and adult stick insects, Carausius morosus.
PubMed: Characterization of the odor-active volatiles in citrus Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Influence of plant growth stage on the essential oil content and composition in Davana (Artemisia pallens wall.).
PubMed: [Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--study of subcutaneous administration of PNF during the perinatal and lactation periods in rats].
PubMed: [Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--teratogenicity study in rabbits by subcutaneous administration].
PubMed: [Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--study by subcutaneous administration of PNF during the period of fetal organogenesis in rats].
PubMed: [Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--study by subcutaneous administration of PNF prior to and in the early stages of pregnancy in rats].
PubMed: Activity of the corpora allata of adult female Leucophaea maderae: effects of mating and feeding.
PubMed: [The effect of a controlled gas atmosphere on farnesene dynamics and the development of sunburn in apples].
PubMed: Model studies in terpene biosynthesis.
PubMed: Superficial scald, a functional disorder of stored apples. IV. Effect of variety, maturity, oiled wraps and diphenylamine on the concentration of alpha-farnesene in the fruit.
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