1-phenyl propyl alcohol
1-phenyl-1-propanol

Sponsors

Name: 1-phenylpropan-1-ol
CAS Number: 93-54-9Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-256-0
FDA UNII: 0F897O3O4M
Nikkaji Web: J4.678G
Beilstein Number: 1906759
MDL: MFCD00004564
CoE Number: 82
XlogP3: 1.90 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.19384000
Formula: C9 H12 O
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 822 1-phenyl-1-propanol
Flavis Number: 02.033 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 02.033 1-phenylpropan-1-ol
FEMA Number: 2884 1-phenyl-1-propanol
FDA Mainterm: 1-PHENYL-1-PROPANOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.99100 to 0.99400 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.246 to 8.271
Refractive Index: 1.52000 to 1.52300 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 103.00 °C. @ 14.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 219.00 to 220.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.071000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 195.00 °F. TCC ( 90.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.919 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.6 g/L @ 20 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: medium
 sweet floral balsamic
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %.
sweet floral balsam
Flavor Type: balsamic
 balsamic honey
Taste Description:
balsam honey
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Aurochemicals
PHENYL PROPYL ALCOHOL, Natural
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
1-Phenyl-1-propanol
Parchem
1-phenyl propyl alcohol
Penta International
1-PHENYL-1-PROPANOL, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
1-Phenyl-1-propanol
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Phenyl-1-propanol, ≥97%, FG
Odor: balsam; floral; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
1-Phenyl-1-propanol >98.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
gavage-rat LD50 2800 mg/kg
(Brown et al., 1955)

gavage-rat LD50 2500 mg/kg
(Rohrbach & Robineau, 1958)

gavage-mouse LD50 500 mg/kg
(Rohrbach & Robineau, 1958)

oral-mouse LD50 500 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 116, Pg. 154, 1958.

unreported-mouse LD50 1000 mg/kg
German Offenlegungsschrift Patent Document. Vol. #2035334

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 2000 mg/kg
German Offenlegungsschrift Patent Document. Vol. #2035334

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 700 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 116, Pg. 154, 1958.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for 1-phenyl propyl alcohol usage levels up to:
  0.6000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.24 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 0.10 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -1.50000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.50000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.50000
fruit ices: -0.50000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -1.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones, and related esters used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 16 (FGE.16): Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 16, Revision 1 (FGE.16Rev1)[1]: Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21- Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 69, (FGE.69)[1] - Consideration of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aromatic ketones from chemical group 21 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.16 (2006) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 16, Revision 2 (FGE.16Rev2): Aromatic ketones from chemical group 21
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 93-54-9
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7147
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 1-phenylpropan-1-ol
Chemidplus: 0000093549
RTECS: DO5470000 for cas# 93-54-9
 
References:
 1-phenylpropan-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 93-54-9
Pubchem (cid): 7147
Pubchem (sid): 134973001
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): D01470
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31627
FooDB: FDB008267
Export Tariff Code: 2906.29.6000
ChemSpider: View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
amber
ambroxan
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
animal
animal carbolactone
FR
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
costus valerolactone
FR
indole
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cinnamyl cinnamate
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamyl alcohol
FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone acetate
FL/FR
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
chocolate
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
heptalactone
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetone
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclohexyl salicylate
FR
dihydrogeranyl linalool
FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
floral undecenone
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hyacinth ether
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
leerall
FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
muguet carboxaldehyde
FR
nerol
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
peony alcohol
FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl propionate
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-3-buten-2-ol
FL/FR
(Z,E)-
phytol
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
artemisia pallens herb oil
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl crotonate
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrate
FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
hay
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
honey
methyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
melon
watermelon ketone
FR
minty
spearmint oil america
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
powdery
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
amyl isoeugenol
FR
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
terpenic
frankincense oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
woody
amber carbinol
FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
sandal cyclopropane
FL/FR
santall
FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
citronellyl acetone
FL/FR
methyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl propionate
FL/FR
amber
amber
sandal cyclopropane
FL/FR
animal
indole
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
(Z,E)-
phytol
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone acetate
FL/FR
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
brown
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
fatty
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
artemisia pallens herb oil
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
honey
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
lactonic
gamma-
heptalactone
FL/FR
medicinal,
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
minty
spearmint oil america
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamyl cinnamate
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-3-buten-2-ol
FL/FR
woody
ambroxan
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 allspiceFR
 apricotFR
 balsamFR
 benzoin 
 blue grass 
 candy 
 carnation dianthus oeilletFR
 cassiaFR
 cinnamonFR
 citrusFR
 cloudberry bakeapple 
 cranberryFR
 cream ice cream 
 cyclamenFR
 herbalFR
 honey mielFR
 huckleberry bilberryFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 jasminFR
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 leatherFR
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 linden blossom limeflower tilleulFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 narcissus narcisseFR
 nut hazelnutFR
 nut pistachioFL
 nut walnutFL
 orchidFR
 orientalFR
 passion fruitFR
 peachFR
 peru balsamFL/FR
 plumFR
 reseda mignonetteFR
 roseFR
 spiceFR
 strawberryFR
 styraxFL/FR
 tea 
 ylang ylangFR
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 benzenemethanol, a-ethyl-
 bilergon
 carbicol
 choleda
 ejibil
 epatoxfen
alpha-ethyl benzene methanol
alpha-ethyl benzyl alcohol
 ethyl phenyl carbinol
a-ethylbenzenemethanol
(±)-a-ethylbenzyl alcohol
a-ethylbenzyl alcohol
 ethylphenylcarbinol
 felicur
 felitrope
 fepar
 gallenperlen
alpha-hydroxypropyl benzene
 livonal
 phenyl cholon
 phenyl ethyl carbinol
1-phenyl propan-1-ol
1-phenyl propanol
1-phenyl-1-hydroxypropane
1-phenyl-1-propanol
1-phenylpropan-1-ol
1-phenylpropanol
1-phenylpropyl alcohol
 propan-1-ol, 1-phenyl-
 unichol
 

Articles:

PubMed: NBO, conformational, NLO, HOMO-LUMO, NMR and electronic spectral study on 1-phenyl-1-propanol by quantum computational methods.
PubMed: Optical resolution of aromatic alcohols using silica nanoparticles grafted with helicene.
PubMed: Density functional theory studies on the inclusion complexes of cyclic decapeptide with 1-phenyl-1-propanol enantiomers.
PubMed: Optimization of lipase-catalyzed enantioselective production of 1-phenyl 1-propanol using response surface methodology.
PubMed: Kinetic resolution of racemic 1-phenyl 1-propanol by lipase catalyzed enantioselective esterification reaction.
PubMed: Comparison of chiral electrophoretic separation methods for phenethylamines and application on impurity analysis.
PubMed: Asymmetric synthesis of (S)-3-chloro-1-phenyl-1-propanol using Saccharomyces cerevisiae reductase with high enantioselectivity.
PubMed: Halonium ion-assisted deiodination of styrene-based vicinal iodohydrins followed by rearrangement through phenyl migration.
PubMed: Antagonism of human adiponectin receptors and their membrane progesterone receptor paralogs by TNFalpha and a ceramidase inhibitor.
PubMed: Effects of ceramide, ceramidase inhibition and expression of ceramide kinase on cytosolic phospholipase A2alpha; additional role of ceramide-1-phosphate in phosphorylation and Ca2+ signaling.
PubMed: Dual DAT/sigma1 receptor ligands based on 3-(4-(3-(bis(4-fluorophenyl)amino)propyl)piperazin-1-yl)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol.
PubMed: Antidepressant-like pharmacological profile of a novel triple reuptake inhibitor, (1S,2S)-3-(methylamino)-2-(naphthalen-2-yl)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol (PRC200-SS).
PubMed: Experimental probing and modeling of key sorbent-solute interactions of norephedrine enantiomers with polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases.
PubMed: Analysis of the mechanism of asymmetric amplification by chiral auxiliary trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane bistriflamide.
PubMed: Modulation of ceramide metabolism in T-leukemia cell lines potentiates apoptosis induced by the cationic antimicrobial peptide bovine lactoferricin.
PubMed: Polymer supported naphthalene-catalysed sodium reactions.
PubMed: Conformational preferences of chiral molecules: free jet rotational spectrum of 1-phenyl-1-propanol.
PubMed: Oxovanadium(V) tetrathiacalix[4]arene complexes and their activity as oxidation catalysts.
PubMed: De novo C16- and C24-ceramide generation contributes to spontaneous neutrophil apoptosis.
PubMed: Enantioseparation of 1-phenyl-1-propanol on cellulose-derived chiral stationary phase by supercritical fluid chromatography II. Non-linear isotherm.
PubMed: Oxidations of secondary alcohols to ketones using easily recyclable bis(trifluoroacetate) adducts of fluorous alkyl iodides, CF3(CF2)(n-1)I(OCOCF3)2.
PubMed: New chiral Schiff base as a tridentate ligand for catalytic enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to aldehydes.
PubMed: Excitation, ionization, and fragmentation of chiral molecules in asymmetric microenvironments: a mass-resolved R2PI spectroscopic study.
PubMed: Apoptosis induced by intracellular ceramide accumulation in MDA-MB-435 breast carcinoma cells is dependent on the generation of reactive oxygen species.
PubMed: Enantioseparation of secondary alcohols by diastereoisomeric salt formation.
PubMed: Chiral clusters in a supersonic beam: R2PI-TOF spectroscopy of diastereomeric carboxylic esters/(R)-(+)-1-phenyl-1-propanol complexes.
PubMed: Enantioseparation of 1-phenyl-1-propanol by supercritical fluid-simulated moving bed chromatography.
PubMed: Enantioseparation of 1-phenyl-1-propanol on Chiralcel OD by supercritical fluid chromatography. I. Linear isotherm.
PubMed: Ceramide enhances acrosomal exocytosis triggered by calcium and the calcium ionophore A23187 in boar spermatozoa.
PubMed: Chiral ligands derived from Abrine 8. An experimental and theoretical study of free ligand conformational preferences and the addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde.
PubMed: Sphingosine-dependent apoptosis: a unified concept based on multiple mechanisms operating in concert.
PubMed: Complex formation equilibria of some aromatic beta-amino-alcohols.
PubMed: Overcoming resistance to gamma-rays in squamous carcinoma cells by poly-drug elevation of ceramide levels.
PubMed: Highly efficient chiral metal cluster systems derived from Ru3(CO)12 and chiral diiminodiphosphines for the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones.
PubMed: Numerical determination of the competitive isotherm of enantiomers.
PubMed: Chiral discrimination of 2,3-butanediols by laser spectroscopy.
PubMed: A silica gel-supported ruthenium complex of 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclononane as recyclable catalyst for chemoselective oxidation of alcohols and alkenes by tert-butyl hydroperoxide.
PubMed: Application of the general rate model and the generalized Maxwell-Stefan equation to the study of the mass transfer kinetics of a pair of enantiomers.
PubMed: ABT-866, a novel alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor agonist with antagonist properties at the alpha(1B)- and alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor subtypes.
PubMed: Optimization of catalyst enantioselectivity and activity using achiral and meso ligands.
PubMed: Study of the adsorption equilibria of the enantiomers of 1-phenyl-1-propanol on cellulose tribenzoate using a microbore column.
PubMed: Bcl-2 overexpression prevents apoptosis induced by ceramidase inhibitors in malignant melanoma and HaCaT keratinocytes.
PubMed: Transient relaxation of rat mesenteric microvessels by ceramides.
PubMed: Nerve growth factor-induced p75-mediated death of cultured hippocampal neurons is age-dependent and transduced through ceramide generated by neutral sphingomyelinase.
PubMed: Modeling of the separation of the enantiomers of 1-phenyl-1-propanol on cellulose tribenzoate.
PubMed: Residue size at position 87 of cytochrome P450 BM-3 determines its stereoselectivity in propylbenzene and 3-chlorostyrene oxidation.
PubMed: Immobilization of chiral ligands on polymer fibers by electron beam induced grafting and applications in enantioselective catalysis.
PubMed: Resolution and synthesis of optically active alcohols with immobilized ovalbumin and pea protein as new bio-catalysts.
PubMed: Possible involvement of ceramide in the regulation of rat Leydig cell function.
PubMed: Enantioseparation of 1-phenyl-1-propanol by simulated moving bed under linear and nonlinear conditions.
PubMed: Adsorption behavior and prediction of the band profiles of the enantiomers of 3-chloro-1-phenyl-1-propanol. Influence of the mass transfer kinetics.
PubMed: Study of the adsorption behavior of the enantiomers of 1-phenyl-1-propanol on a cellulose-based chiral stationary phase.
PubMed: Short-range interactions within molecular complexes formed in supersonic beams: structural effects and chiral discrimination
PubMed: (1R,2S)-2-[N-methyl-N-(4-toluene-sulfonyl)amino]-1-phenylpropan-1-ol.
PubMed: Effect of N-acetylsphingosine (C2) and the ceramidase inhibitor (1S,2R)-D-erythro-2-(N-myristoylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol on the regulation of Sertoli cell function.
PubMed: Role of sphingosine 1-phosphate in the mitogenesis induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein in smooth muscle cells via activation of sphingomyelinase, ceramidase, and sphingosine kinase.
PubMed: Studies on the interactions of chiral secondary alcohols with rat hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase STa.
PubMed: (1S,2R)-D-erythro-2-(N-myristoylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol as an inhibitor of ceramidase.
PubMed: Photochemical and photobiological properties of ketoprofen associated with the benzophenone chromophore.
PubMed: Ceramide-mediated biology. Determination of structural and stereospecific requirements through the use of N-acyl-phenylaminoalcohol analogs.
PubMed: Benzylic alcohols as stereospecific substrates and inhibitors for aryl sulfotransferase.
PubMed: Stereospecific metabolic reduction of ketones.
PubMed: The effects of cofactor and species differences on the in vitro metabolism of propiophenone and phenylacetone.
PubMed: Electron-capture GLC determination of pseudoephedrine in serum.
PubMed: Comparison of antimicrobial activity of nuclear-substituted aromatic esters of 5-dimethylamino-1-phenyl-3-pentanol and 3-dimethylamino-1-phenyl-1-propanol with related cyclic analogs.
PubMed: [Effect of compound 921 C (1-cyclohexyl-3-diethylamino-1-phenyl-1-propanol ethiodide) on gastric secretion and gastrointestinal motility].
PubMed: Synthesis of 2-amino-1-phenyl-1-propanol and its methylated derivatives.
 
Notes:
Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
 
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