EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenylethanone

Sponsors

Name:2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenylethanone
CAS Number: 28631-86-9Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Nikkaji Web:J888.400E
Beilstein Number:2437741
CoE Number:11884
XlogP3:0.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:152.14936000
Formula:C8 H8 O3
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
JECFA evaluated a mixture of dihydroxyacetophenones. 23-25% 2,3-isomer; 19-22% 2,4-isomer; 19-20% 2,5-isomer; 20-21% 3,4-isomer and 15-18% 3,5-isomer. (EFSA)
Category:flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:729 dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
FLAVIS Number:07.135 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:07.135 2,2-dihydroxyacetophenone
FEMA Number:3662 dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: DIHYDROXYACETOPHENONE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow crystals (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Additional Assay Information:mix of 1-(x,y-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanones
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 90.00 to 92.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 265.00 to 266.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.005000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 263.00 °F. TCC ( 128.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.163 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, slightly
 water, 6.943e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: green
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
vegetable green fatty nutty
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. vegetable green fatty nut
vegetable green fatty nutty earthy powdery
Odor Description:Vegetative, green, fatty and nutty with earthy, powdery nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 3, 51, (1996)
Flavor Type: green
green vegetable fatty nutty mushroom peanut
Taste Description: at 40.00 ppm. Green, vegetative, fatty and nutty with mushroom and peanut nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 3, 51, (1996)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
3',4'-Dihydroxyacetophenone
Parchem
dihydroxyacetophenone
Penta International
DIHYDROXYACETOPHENONE
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the Chemical Sources Association
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers) usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.012 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 0.10 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 13
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -0.20000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 22 (FGE.22): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 58 (FGE.58) Consideration of phenol derivatives evaluated by JECFA (55th meeting) structurally related to ring substituted phenolic substances evaluated by EFSA in FGE.22 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 22, Revision 1 (FGE.22Rev1): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :99611
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenylethanone
Chemidplus:0028631869
 
References:
 2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenylethanone
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:28631-86-9
Pubchem (cid):99611
Pubchem (sid):135253470
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
alliaceous
dibutyl sulfide
FL/FR
dipropyl disulfide
FL/FR
ferula assa-foetida gum oil
FL/FR
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
balsamic
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
caramellic
2-iso
butyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
chocolate
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
citrus
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
coumarinic
phthalide
FL/FR
earthy
1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
fatty
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
dodecadienal
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
6-
methyl-5-hepten-2-one propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
5-
methyl-5-hexen-2-one
FL/FR
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
2-
octenal
FL/FR
floral
hexyl nonanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde butyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
2-iso
butyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-iso
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
cucumber essence
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
galbanum decatriene
FL/FR
geranium thiazole
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
heptanal cyclic propylene acetal
FL/FR
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
3-
heptanone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
2-
heptenal
FL/FR
2-
heptyl furan
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenal
FL/FR
4-
hexenol
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
nerol oxide
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
iso
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
herbal
3-
butylidene phthalide
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
minty
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
musty
3-
acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furan
FL/FR
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
hazelnut pyrazine
FL/FR
menthofuran
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-3-ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
acetyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,3-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
2-
methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazine
FL/FR
vinyl sulfurol
FL/FR
popcorn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
spicy
cumin seed absolute
FL/FR
sulfurous
benzothiazole
FL/FR
dimethyl disulfide
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfide
FL/FR
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionate
FL/FR
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
tonka
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
mesityl oxide
FL/FR
methional
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
FL/FR
waxy
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
woody
alpha-
farnesene
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene isomer
FL/FR
yeasty
2-
octen-4-one
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
iso
butyl mercaptan
FL
2-iso
butyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-(2-
butyl)-4,5-dimethyl-3-thiazoline
FL
9-
decen-2-one
FL
2,5-
diethyl-4-methyl thiazole
FL
diisopropyl sulfide
FL
6,7-
dimethyl dihydrocyclopentapyrazine
FL
dimethyl dihydrocyclopentapyrazine
FL
epoxy-2-decenal
FL
2-
ethyl-4,5-dimethyl oxazole
FL
furfuryl hexanoate
FL
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadien-1-ol
FL
heptanal cyclic propylene acetal
FL/FR
2-
heptenal
FL/FR
2-
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexanal butane-2,3-diol acetal
FL
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonate
FL/FR
2-
hexenal
FL
(E)-4-
hexenal
FL
hexyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL
hexyl nonanoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
6-
methyl octanal
FL
2-
methyl thiazole
FL
4-(
methyl thio) butanol
FL
2-
methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazine
FL/FR
6-
methyl-5-hepten-2-one propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
methyl-5-methoxythiazole
FL
2-
methyl-6-propoxypyrazine
FL
2-
octenal
FL/FR
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
2-iso
propyl pyridine
FL
2-
propyl pyridine
FL
2-iso
propyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazine
FL
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
(±)-3-(
methyl thio) heptanal
FL
aldehydic
aldehydic
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
alliaceous
allyl thiopropionate
FL
cyclopentyl mercaptan
FL
dipropyl disulfide
FL/FR
ferula assa-foetida gum oil
FL/FR
2-
methyl thioacetaldehyde
FL
3-
tetrahydrothiophenone
FL
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
apple
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
caramellic
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
celery
3-
butylidene phthalide
FL/FR
citrus
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
coffee
difurfuryl ether
FL
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
2-iso
propyl pyrazine
FL
corn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
coumarinic
phthalide
FL/FR
creamy
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
ethereal
5-
methyl-5-hexen-2-one
FL/FR
fatty
2,4-
decadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadienal
FL
2-
heptyl furan
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
nonadienal
FL
(Z)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
2,4-
hexadien-1-ol
FL
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-nonenoate
FL
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde butyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
2-iso
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
2-iso
butyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
cucumber essence
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
dibutyl sulfide
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
dodecadienal
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene isomer
FL/FR
galbanum decatriene
FL/FR
geranium thiazole
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
heptenal
FL
2,4-
hexadienal
FL
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenal
FL/FR
2-
hexyl pyridine
FL
horseradish oil
FL
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl thiazole
FL
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
2-
methyl-5-isopropyl pyrazine
FL
nerol oxide
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
2,4-
octadienal
FL
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
4-
penten-1-yl acetate
FL
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
2-
propyl pyrazine
FL
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
propylene glycol acetone ketal
FL
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
juicy
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
ketonic
3-
heptanone
FL/FR
malty
yeast thiazoline
FL
meaty
benzothiazole
FL/FR
3-
mercapto-3-methyl butanol
FL
metallic
4-
hexenol
FL/FR
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
mushroom
1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
musty
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
ethoxythiazole
FL
hazelnut pyrazine
FL/FR
menthofuran
FL/FR
nutty
3-
acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furan
FL/FR
2-
acetyl-3-ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
acetyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
arachis hypogaea fruit extract
FL
3,5-
diethyl-2-methyl pyrazine
FL
2,3-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
2-
methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
nutty thiazole
FL
tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
vinyl sulfurol
FL/FR
onion
2-
methyl-1,3-dithiolane
FL
propyl thioacetate
FL
potato
mesityl oxide
FL/FR
roasted
ethyl 3-(furfuryl thio) propionate
FL
rummy
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
solvent
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
spicy
cumin seed absolute
FL/FR
jalapeno oleoresin
FL
sulfurous
dimethyl disulfide
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfide
FL/FR
furfuryl methyl sulfide
FL
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
FL
methyl benzyl disulfide
FL
methyl thiomethyl butyrate
FL
potato butanone
FL
tomato
methional
FL/FR
tropical
3-
mercaptohexyl butyrate
FL
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionate
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
2-
octen-4-one
FL/FR
radish isothiocyanate
FL
waxy
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
(Z,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLgreen
FLmushroom
FLnut
FLpeanut
FLvegetable
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 acetophenone, 2,2-dihydroxy-
 dihydroxy 1-phenylethanone
2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenyl-ethanone
2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenylethanone
2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenylethanone (mixed isomers)
2,2-dihydroxyacetophenone
 dihydroxyphenyl ethanone (mixed isomers)
 dihydroxyphenyl methyl ketone (mixed isomers)
1-(x,y-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanones (mixed isomers)
 dioxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
 ethanone, 2,2-dihydroxy-1-phenyl-
 
 
Notes:
None found
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