EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

ferula assa-foetida gum oil
essential oil obtained from the gum of the asafetida, ferula assa-foetida l., apiaceae

Supplier Sponsors

Name:ferula asafoetida l. oil
CAS Number: 72869-70-6
FDA UNII:4LHT1248GU
Also Contains:ferula assa-foetida gum extract
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
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PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2108 asafetida oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):72869-70-6 ; ASAFETIDA, OIL (FERULA ASSAFOETIDA L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow to orange yellow liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 5510 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: alliaceous
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
sulfurous alliaceous savory onion green onion vegetable
Odor Description:at 0.10 % in propylene glycol. sulfury alliaceous savory green onion vegetable
sulfurous alliaceous savory onion green onion resinous vegetable
Odor Description:Sulfureous, alliaceous, savory, green onion and resinous with a vegetative note
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 4, 51, (1996)
Flavor Type: alliaceous
alliaceous sulfurous savory metallic woody green pungent
Taste Description: at 2.50 ppm. Alliaceous, sulfureous, savory, metallic, woody, green and pungent
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 4, 51, (1996)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Asafoetida Essential Oil
Services
Berjé
asafetida oil
Happening at Berje
Ernesto Ventós
HING OIL
Global Essence
Asafetida Oil
Indukern F&F
ASAFOETIDA OIL
Odor: SULFUROUS, GARLIC
Kanta Enterprises
Asafetida Oil
Lluch Essence
ASAFETIDA OIL
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Asafetida Oil
Natural
Odor: Sulfureous, alliaceous, savory, green onion and resinous with a vegetative note, metallic, woody, pungent
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Asafoetida Oil
Parchem
asafetida oil
Penta International
ASAFOETIDA OIL
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Asafetida Oil
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Asafoetida Oil
Reincke & Fichtner
Asafoetida Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Asafoetida Oil
Robertet
ASA FOETIDA
Pure & Nat
Synthite Industries
Asafetida Oil
E-books and Brochures
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ferula assa-foetida gum oil usage levels up to:
  0.0100 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -1.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -10.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 1.0000015.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):72869-70-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
ferula asafoetida l. oil
Chemidplus:0072869706
 
References:
 ferula asafoetida l. oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:72869-70-6
Pubchem (sid):135320926
 
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
alliaceous
dimethyl trisulfide
FL/FR
dipropyl disulfide
FL/FR
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
propyl mercaptan
FL/FR
chocolate
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
citrus
grapefruit mercaptan
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
coffee
coffee difuran
FL/FR
creamy
2,3-
butane diol
FR
earthy
1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
fatty
5-
methyl-5-hexen-2-one
FL/FR
octanoic acid
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
fruity
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
garlic
ferula assa-foetida gum
FL/FR
green
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
geranium thiazole
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
4-
hexenol
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
herbal
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
meaty
meaty dithiane
FL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
minty
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
musty
hazelnut pyrazine
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
2-
methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazine
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl oxazole
FL/FR
vinyl sulfurol
FL/FR
roasted
2-
methyl-1-butanol
FL/FR
sulfurous
allium ursinum extract
CS
benzothiazole
FL/FR
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
dimethyl disulfide
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfide
FL/FR
ferula assa-foetida absolute
FL/FR
ferula assa-foetida gum extract
FL/FR
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
mango thiol
FL/FR
methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionate
FL/FR
2-
methyl 5-(methyl thio) furan
FL/FR
methyl mercaptan
FL/FR
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
onion oil
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanillin
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
mesityl oxide
FL/FR
methional
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
FL/FR
waxy
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
allyl methyl disulfide
FL
allyl methyl trisulfide
FL
allyl propyl disulfide
FL
allyl propyl sulfide
FL
allyl propyl trisulfide
FL
iso
amyl mercaptan
FL
iso
butyl mercaptan
FL
2-(2-
butyl)-4,5-dimethyl-3-thiazoline
FL
diethyl trisulfide
FL
diisopropyl sulfide
FL
(Z+E)-2,5-
dimethyl-3-tetrahydrofuran thiol
FL
(Z+E)-2,5-
dimethyl-3-thioacetoxytetrahydrofuran
FL
dipropyl sulfide
FL
ethyl methyl trisulfide
FL
ethyl propyl disulfide
FL
ethyl propyl trisulfide
FL
2-
ethyl-4,5-dimethyl oxazole
FL
furfuryl propyl disulfide
FL
heptyl mercaptan
FL
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonate
FL/FR
(E)-4-
hexenal
FL
2-
hexenal
FL
4-
mercapto-3-methyl-2-butanol
FL
2-
methyl thiazole
FL
4-(
methyl thio) butanol
FL
2-(
methyl thio) methyl-2-butenal
FL
S-
methyl thiopropionate
FL
2-
methyl-1-butanol
FL/FR
2-
methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl-5-methoxythiazole
FL
propenyl propyl disulfide
FL
iso
propyl disulfide
FL
2-iso
propyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazine
FL
thiophene
FL
2,3,5-
trithiahexane
FL
alliaceous
alliaceous
allyl disulfide
FL
allyl mercaptan
FL
allyl thiopropionate
FL
benzyl mercaptan
FL
1,3-
butane dithiol
FL
cyclopentyl mercaptan
FL
dicyclohexyl disulfide
FL
diethyl disulfide
FL
dimethyl trisulfide
FL/FR
dipropyl disulfide
FL/FR
dipropyl trisulfide
FL
leek oil
FL
3-
mercapto-2-methyl pentanol
FL
3-
mercapto-2-pentanone
FL
methyl 3-mercaptobutanoate
FL
2-
methyl thioacetaldehyde
FL
propyl mercaptan
FL/FR
shallot oil
FL
3-
tetrahydrothiophenone
FL
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
truffle sulfide
FL
burnt
2,4,5-
trimethyl oxazole
FL/FR
cabbage
methyl 2-thiofuroate
FL
camphoreous
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
citrus
grapefruit mercaptan
FL/FR
coffee
coffee difuran
FL/FR
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
cooling
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
corn chip
2-
acetyl-2-thiazoline
FL
eggy
iso
propyl mercaptan
FL
ethereal
5-
methyl-5-hexen-2-one
FL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadienal
FL
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
fruity
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
garlic
allyl methyl sulfide
FL
ferula assa-foetida gum
FL/FR
garlic oleoresin
FL
green
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
FL
geranium thiazole
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
heptenal
FL
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
2,4-
octadienal
FL
4-
penten-1-yl acetate
FL
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
2-
propyl pyrazine
FL
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
propylene glycol acetone ketal
FL
herbal
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
juicy
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
malty
yeast thiazoline
FL
meaty
benzothiazole
FL/FR
meaty dithiane
FL/FR
3-
mercapto-2-butanone
FL
(R,S)-2-
mercapto-3-butanol
FL
3-
mercapto-3-methyl butanol
FL
2-
methyl 3-(methyl thio) furan
FL
bis(2-
methyl-3-furyl) disulfide
FL
pyrazinyl ethane thiol
FL
ortho-
thiocresol
FL
metallic
4-
hexenol
FL/FR
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
mushroom
1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
musty
2-
ethoxythiazole
FL
hazelnut pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl 5-(methyl thio) furan
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
3,5-
diethyl-2-methyl pyrazine
FL
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
2-
methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
vinyl sulfurol
FL/FR
onion
methionol
FL
methyl propyl disulfide
FL
methyl propyl trisulfide
FL
2-
methyl-1,3-dithiolane
FL
propyl thioacetate
FL
potato
mesityl oxide
FL/FR
roasted
ethyl 3-(furfuryl thio) propionate
FL
rummy
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
seafood
1,4-
dithiane
FL
soapy
octanoic acid
FL/FR
spicy
jalapeno oleoresin
FL
sulfurous
allyl sulfide
FL
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
butyl mercaptan
FL
diallyl polysulfides
FL
diallyl tetrasulfide
FL
diallyl trisulfide
FL
dimethyl disulfide
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfide
FL/FR
S-
ethyl thioacetate
FL
ferula assa-foetida absolute
FL/FR
ferula assa-foetida fluid extract
FL
ferula assa-foetida gum extract
FL/FR
ferula assa-foetida oleoresin
FL
furfuryl methyl sulfide
FL
furfuryl thiopropionate
FL
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
mango thiol
FL/FR
3-
mercapto-2-methyl pentanal
FL
methyl 2-(methyl thio) butyrate
FL
methyl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
FL
methyl benzyl disulfide
FL
methyl mercaptan
FL/FR
methyl thiomethyl butyrate
FL
2-
methyl thiophene
FL
3-
methyl-2-butane thiol
FL
onion oil
FL/FR
onion oleoresin
FL
potato butanone
FL
tomato
methional
FL/FR
tropical
3-
mercaptohexyl butyrate
FL
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanillin
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionate
FL/FR
radish isothiocyanate
FL
waxy
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbalsam
FRfruit
FLgarlic
FLonion
FLshallot
FRspice
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 asafoetida
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 asa foetida oil
 asafetida oil
 asafoetida oil
 asafoetida oil english distilled SAS
 assafetida oil
 essential oil obtained from the gum of the asafetida, ferula assa-foetida l., apiaceae
 ferula asafoetida oil
 ferula foetida gum oil
 scorodosma foetidum gum oil
 

Articles:

PubMed:Impact of Herbal Medicines like Nigella sativa, Trigonella foenum-graecum, and Ferula asafoetida, on Cytochrome P450 2C11 Gene Expression in Rat Liver.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of selected Iranian medicinal plants against a broad spectrum of pathogenic and drug multiresistant micro-organisms.
PubMed:The Relaxant Effect of Seed's Essential Oil and Oleo-Gum-Resin of Ferula Assa-Foetida on Isolated Rat's Ileum.
PubMed:Cytotoxic properties of some medicinal plant extracts from mazandaran, iran.
PubMed:Oleo gum resin of Ferula assa-foetida L. ameliorates peripheral neuropathy in mice.
PubMed:Relaxant effects of asafoetida extract and its constituent umbelliprenin on guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle.
PubMed:Double edged effect of gum-resin of ferula assa-foetida on lifespan of neurons.
PubMed:Double edged effect of gum-resin of ferula assa-foetida on lifespan of neurons.
PubMed:Tertiary combination of freeze-dried urine of Indian breeds of cow with plant products against snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Use of complementary and alternative medicine for children: a parents' perspective.
PubMed:Some like it pungent and vile. TRPA1 as a molecular target for the malodorous vinyl disulfides from asafoetida.
PubMed:Effects of Cymbopogon citratus and Ferula assa-foetida extracts on glutamate-induced neurotoxicity.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil obtained from Ferula assa-foetida oleo-gum-resin: effect of collection time.
PubMed:New claims in folk veterinary medicines from Uttar Pradesh, India.
PubMed:Ferula asafoetida: Traditional uses and pharmacological activity.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of Ferula asafoetida L. (Umbelliferae) on Blastocystis sp. subtype 3 growth in vitro.
PubMed:Evaluation of the effect of Ferula asafoetida Linn. gum extract on learning and memory in Wistar rats.
PubMed:Dietary agents in the prevention of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicty: preclinical observations.
PubMed:Bait formulations of molluscicides and their effects on biochemical changes in the ovotestis of snail Lymnaea acuminata (Mollusca; Gastropoda:Lymnaeidae).
PubMed:Combination of molluscicides with attractant carbohydrates and amino acids in bait formulation against the snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Biological activity of some plant essential oils against Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae), an ectoparasitic mite of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae).
PubMed:Asimafoetidnol: a new sesquiterpenoid coumarin from the gum resin of Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed:Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of asafoetida (Ferula assa-foetida oleo-gum-resin)-a review.
PubMed:Galbanic acid, a cytotoxic sesquiterpene from the gum resin of Ferula asafoetida, blocks protein farnesyltransferase.
PubMed:Influenza A (H(1)N(1)) Antiviral and Cytotoxic Agents from Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed:Kinetics of enzyme inhibition by active molluscicidal agents ferulic acid, umbelliferone, eugenol and limonene in the nervous tissue of snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Development and evaluation of hepatoprotective polyherbal formulation containing some indigenous medicinal plants.
PubMed:Galbanic acid from Ferula szowitsiana enhanced the antibacterial activity of penicillin G and cephalexin against Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:A new ester isolated from Ferula assa-foetida L.
PubMed:Molluscicidal activity of Ferula asafoetida, Syzygium aromaticum and Carum carvi and their active components against the snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Larvicidal activity of plant extracts used alone and in combination with known synthetic larvicidal agents against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed:Antispasmodic and hypotensive effects of Ferula asafoetida gum extract.
PubMed:Chemomodulatory influence of Ferula asafoetida on mammary epithelial differentiation, hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, antioxidant profiles and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
PubMed:Sesquiterpene coumarins from the roots of Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed:Reversal of aflatoxin induced liver damage by turmeric and curcumin.
 
Notes:
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it is a product which may contain resin acids and their esters, terpenes, and oxidation or polymerization products of these terpenes. (ferula asafoe, ferula asafoetida l. or ferula alliaceae boiss, unbelliferae).
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