tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
tetrahydro-2-furanylmethanol
 
Notes:
Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
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      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
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      Product(s):
      TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL 98%
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
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      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      20-14500 TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
      20-14510 TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL FCC, Kosher
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W305618 Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, ≥98%
      SDS
       
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    Flavor Demo Formulas
oxolan-2-ylmethanol (Click)
CAS Number: 97-99-4Picture of molecule
Other: 72074-94-3
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-625-6
FDA UNII: XD95821VF9
Nikkaji Web: J4.733C
Beilstein Number: 0102723
MDL: MFCD00005372
CoE Number: 2029
XlogP3-AA: -0.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 102.13310000
Formula: C5 H10 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: Racemate (EFFA, 2010).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1443  tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
Flavis Number: 13.020 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 13.020  tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
FEMA Number: 3056  tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
FDA Mainterm: TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.210 Defoaming agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 1.05000 to 1.05200 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.737 to  8.754
Refractive Index: 1.44900 to 1.45500 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -80.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 178.00 to  179.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 3.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.326000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 3.52 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 183.00 °F. TCC ( 83.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.367 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 ethyl ether
 water, 4.634e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 1.00E+06 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: vegetable
Odor Strength: medium
 vegetable  cauliflower  warm  oily  caramellic  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
vegetable cauliflower faint warm oily caramel
Luebke, William tgsc, (1987)
 coffee  nutty  
Taste Description:
coffee nut at .03-1 ppm
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
solvents
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Suppliers:
Lluch Essence
TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL 98%
Penn A Kem
Tetrahydrofurfuryl Alcohol High Purity
Penn A Kem
Tetrahydrofurfuryl Alcohol
Penta International
TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL FCC, Kosher
Penta International
TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Tetrahydrofurfuryl Alcohol
Sigma-Aldrich
Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, ≥98%
Odor: vegetable
Certified Food Grade Products
SysKem Chemie
Tetrahydrofurfurylalcohol
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Tetrahydrofurfuryl Alcohol >97.0%(GC)
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36 - Irritating to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 25 - Avoid contact with eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  4500 mg/kg
(Gajewski & Alsdorf, 1949)

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  400 mg/kg
"Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 3rd rev. ed., Clayton, G.D., and F.E. Clayton, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978-82. Vol. 3 originally pub. in 1979; pub. as 2n rev. ed. in 1985.Vol. 2C, Pg. 4658, 1982.

intravenous-rabbit LD50  725 mg/kg
Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. Vol. 8, Pg. 294, 1949.

oral-mouse LD50  2300 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC
Hygiene and Sanitation Vol. 32(2), Pg. 273, 1967.

intraperitoneal-guinea pig LD50  400 mg/kg
"Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 3rd rev. ed., Clayton, G.D., and F.E. Clayton, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978-82. Vol. 3 originally pub. in 1979; pub. as 2n rev. ed. in 1985.Vol. 2C, Pg. 4658, 1982.

oral-guinea pig LD50  800 mg/kg
"Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 3rd rev. ed., Clayton, G.D., and F.E. Clayton, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978-82. Vol. 3 originally pub. in 1979; pub. as 2n rev. ed. in 1985.Vol. 2C, Pg. 4658, 1982.

oral-rat LD50  1600 mg/kg
"Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 3rd rev. ed., Clayton, G.D., and F.E. Clayton, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978-82. Vol. 3 originally pub. in 1979; pub. as 2n rev. ed. in 1985.Vol. 2C, Pg. 4658, 1982.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-guinea pig LD50 5000 mg/kg
"Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 3rd rev. ed., Clayton, G.D., and F.E. Clayton, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978-82. Vol. 3 originally pub. in 1979; pub. as 2n rev. ed. in 1985.Vol. 2C, Pg. 4658, 1982.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 33.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 22.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: III
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -0.04000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 0.0300014.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.03000
fruit ices: -0.03000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 0.0300018.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 33 (FGE.33)[1] - Six Tetrahydrofuran Derivatives from Chemical Groups 13, 14, 16 and 26 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 75 (FGE.75)[1] - Consideration of tetrahydrofuran derivatives and a furanone derivative evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to tetrahydrofuran derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.33 (2008)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 75, Revision 1 (FGE.75Rev1): Consideration of tetrahydrofuran derivatives evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to tetrahydrofuran derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.33 (2008)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 97-99-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7360
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 oxolan-2-ylmethanol
Chemidplus: 0000097994
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 97-99-4
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References:
 oxolan-2-ylmethanol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 97-99-4
Pubchem (cid): 7360
Pubchem (sid): 150424
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31175
FooDB: FDB003193
Export Tariff Code: 2932.13.0000
Haz-Map: View
ChemSpider: View
EFSA Update of results on the monitoring of furan levels in food: Read Report
EFSA Previous report: Results on the monitoring of furan levels in food: Read Report
EFSA Report of the CONTAM Panel on provisional findings on furan in food: Read Report
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•grades: commercial; industrial (80%). •98% grade
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
alliaceous
 methyl furfuryl disulfideFL/FR
chocolate
2,4,5-trimethyl thiazoleFL/FR
earthy
1-octen-3-olFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
5-methyl-5-hexen-2-oneFL/FR
fruity
 hexanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-pentyl furanFL/FR
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
green
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 geranium thiazoleFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl lactateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl pyruvateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
4-hexenolFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
2,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
2-octen-1-olFL/FR
1-penten-3-olFL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-nonen-1-olFL/FR
minty
isopropyl tiglateFL/FR
 hazelnut pyrazineFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
4,5-dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazolineFL/FR
2-methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
 vinyl sulfurolFL/FR
 dimethyl disulfideFL/FR
 dimethyl sulfideFL/FR
 grapefruit menthaneFL/FR
 lychee mercaptan acetateFL/FR
 methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionateFL/FR
3-(methyl thio) hexanolFL/FR
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
 mesityl oxideFL/FR
 methionalFL/FR
waxy
 methyl octanoateFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
2-acetyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
isobutyl mercaptanFL
2-(2-butyl)-4,5-dimethyl-3-thiazolineFL
 diisopropyl sulfideFL
 ethyl 3-(furfuryl thio) propionateFL
2-ethyl-4,5-dimethyl oxazoleFL
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonateFL/FR
(E)-4-hexenalFL
2-hexenalFL
2-methyl thiazoleFL
4-(methyl thio) butanolFL
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
5-methyl-5-hexen-2-oneFL/FR
2-methyl-5-methoxythiazoleFL
2-isopropyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL
alliaceous
 cyclopentyl mercaptanFL
2-methyl thioacetaldehydeFL
3-tetrahydrothiophenoneFL
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
coffee
 methyl furfuryl disulfideFL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-heptadienalFL
2-octen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-octenoic acidFL
(E,E)-2,4-undecadienalFL
fruity
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 hexanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
green
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)FL
 geranium thiazoleFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(E)-2-heptenalFL
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl lactateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl pyruvateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl octanoateFL/FR
3-(5-methyl-2-furyl) butanalFL
2,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
2,4-octadienalFL
4-penten-1-yl acetateFL
1-penten-3-olFL/FR
2-pentyl furanFL/FR
2-propyl pyrazineFL
isopropyl tiglateFL/FR
 propylene glycol acetone ketalFL
herbal
3-mercapto-3-methyl butanolFL
juicy
 lychee mercaptan acetateFL/FR
malty
 yeast thiazolineFL
metallic
4-hexenolFL/FR
3-(methyl thio) hexanolFL/FR
mushroom
1-octen-3-olFL/FR
musty
2-ethoxythiazoleFL
 hazelnut pyrazineFL/FR
nutty
3,5-diethyl-2-methyl pyrazineFL
4,5-dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazolineFL/FR
2-methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
2,4,5-trimethyl thiazoleFL/FR
 vinyl sulfurolFL/FR
onion
2-methyl-1,3-dithiolaneFL
 propyl thioacetateFL
potato
 mesityl oxideFL/FR
rummy
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
spicy
 jalapeno oleoresinFL
sulfurous
 dimethyl disulfideFL/FR
 dimethyl sulfideFL/FR
 furfuryl methyl sulfideFL
 grapefruit menthaneFL/FR
 methyl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfideFL
 methyl benzyl disulfideFL
 methyl thiomethyl butyrateFL
 potato butanoneFL
tomato
 methionalFL/FR
tropical
3-mercaptohexyl butyrateFL
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
 methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionateFL/FR
 radish isothiocyanateFL
waxy
(Z)-6-nonen-1-olFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 caramelFL
 castoreumFR
 coffeeFR
 solvents 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
2-furanmethanol, tetrahydro-
 furfuryl alcohol, tetrahydro-
(±)-2-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran
2-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran
 oxolan-2-ylmethanol
 tetrahydro-2-furan carbinol
 tetrahydro-2-furan methanol
 tetrahydro-2-furancarbinol
 tetrahydro-2-furanmethanol
 tetrahydro-2-furanylmethanol
 tetrahydro-2-furfuryl alcohol
 tetrahydro-2-furyl methanol
 tetrahydro-2-furylmethanol
(tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)methanol
 tetrahydrofuran-2-ylmethanol
a-tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
 tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol FCC
 tetrahydrofurfurylalcohol
 tetrahydrofuryl carbinol
 THFA
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