Leaf effects with mhc. new car accord: 0.01 - dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate 0.01 - alpha-ionone 0.05 - heptyl cyclopentanone 0.01 - musk gx 0.05 - aldehyde C-14 0.01 - dihydroisojasmonate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
(E)-4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohex-2-enyl)but-3-en-2-one (Click)
CAS Number: 127-41-3 30685-95-1
% from: 79.00% to 94.00%
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 204-841-6
Nikkaji Web: J183.660I
Beilstein Number: 3197885
MDL: MFCD00001565
FEMA Number: 2594
CoE Number: 141
XlogP3-AA: 3.00 (est)
Molecular Weight: 192.30160000
Formula: C13 H20 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict
Also(can) Contains: beta-ionone 4.00% to 20.00%
 gamma-ionone 1.00% to 8.00%
 pseudoionone 0.10% to 1.00%
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
JECFA Food Flavoring: 388  alpha-ionone
Flavis Number: 07.007 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 07.007  alpha-ionone
FEMA Number: 2594  alpha-ionone
FDA Regulation:
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 85.00 to 100.00 % sum of isomers
Additional Assay Information: min 95% sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.92700 to 0.93500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.714 to  7.780
Specific Gravity: 0.92800 to 0.93600 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 7.731 to 7.798
Refractive Index: 1.49900 to 1.50400 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 131.00 °C. @ 13.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 237.00 to  238.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.014000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: > 230.00 °F. TCC ( > 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.995
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: refrigerate in tightly sealed containers.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
sweet woody floral violet orris tropical fruity
Substantivity: 112 Hour(s)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
  R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 42/43 - May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  2277 mg/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 44A, Pg. 46, 1967.

Dermal Toxicity:
  Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Other Specification: <= 2% Pseudoionone
IFRA: View Standard
maximum skin levels for fine fragrances:
  1.0000 %  and are based on the assumption that the fragrance mixture is used at 20% in a consumer product (IFRA Use Level Survey). (IFRA, 2002)
Recommendation for alpha-ionone usage levels up to:
  15.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
use level in formulae for use in cosmetics:
  2.0100 %
Dermal Systemic Exposure in Cosmetic Products:
 0.05 mg/kg/day (IFRA, 2002)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 270.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 150.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -6.70000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.50000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -39.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: -50.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -3.60000
fruit ices: -3.60000
gelatins / puddings: -3.60000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -12.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of alicyclic substances used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 213: alpha,beta-Unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.7 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf
List of apha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones representative of FGE.19 substances for Genotoxicity Testing [1] - Statement of the Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 210: alpha,beta-Unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.4 of FGE.19[1]
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 210 Revision 2 (FGE.210Rev2): Consideration of genotoxic potential for a,▀-unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.4 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of secondary alicyclic saturated and unsaturated alcohols, ketones, ketals and esters with ketals containing alicyclic alcohols or ketones and esters containing secondary alicyclic alcohols from chemical group 8 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 127-41-3
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 5282108
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany:2
Chemidplus: 0000127413
RTECS: EN0525000 for cas# 127-41-3
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Leffingwell: chirality
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 127-41-3
Pubchem (cid): 5282108
Pubchem (sid): 134974059
Flavornet: 127-41-3
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C12286
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB59883
Export Tariff Code: 2914.23.0000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
 animal carbolactoneFR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 atractylis absoluteFR
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 benzylidene acetoneFL
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 cassie concreteFR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 citronellyl formateFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 costus valerolactoneFR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 artemisia pallens herb oilFL/FR
 diethyl dimethyl-2-cyclohexenoneFR
 dimethyl alpha-iononeFR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrateFR
 dimethyl iononeFR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl myristateFL/FR
2-ethyl octine carbonateFL
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 gardenia oxideFR
 green acetateFR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hyacinth etherFR
alpha-ionyl acetateFR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-undecynoateFL
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
(E)-beta-methyl iononeFL/FR
alpha-methyl iononeFL/FR
beta-isomethyl iononeFL/FR
N-methyl iononeFR
pseudomethyl iononeCS
pseudo-isomethyl iononeCS
(E)-alpha-methyl ionone (44-50%)FL/FR
(E)-alpha-methyl ionone (50-60%)FL/FR
alpha-isomethyl ionone (50% min.)FL/FR
alpha-isomethyl ionone (60% min.)FL/FR
alpha-isomethyl ionone (70% min.)FL/FR
(E)-alpha-methyl ionone (74-80%)FL/FR
alpha-isomethyl ionone (80% min.)FL/FR
alpha-isomethyl ionone (90% min.)FL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 muguet carboxaldehydeFR
 muguet octadienolFR
 myristyl alcoholFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 orris butenoneFR
 orris capronateFL/FR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)FL/FR
 orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)FL/FR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 peony alcoholFR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketone acetateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl propionateFL
 tobacarol (IFF)FR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 veramoss (IFF)FR
 violet decenolFR
 violet dienyneFR
 violet flower absoluteFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
 violet leaf concreteFR
 violet methyl carbonateFR
 violet nitrileFR
 violet propanolFR
 watermelon ketoneFR
 woody acetateFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 apple blossomFR
 cassis black currant budFL/FR
 chanel #5 
 cherry blackFR
 cherry blossomFR
 christmas blendsFR
 crabapple blossomFR
 florida breeze 
 genet genista broomFR
 honey mielFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 l'heure bleue 
 linden blossom limeflower tilleulFR
 loganberry dewberryFR
 meadow countryFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 orris irisFR
 passion fruitFR
 poppy redFR
 rose redFR
 rose tea roseFR
 rose whiteFR
 sweet peaFR
 ylang ylangFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 acacia farnesiana
GRIN Trop Picture
 almond roasted almond
 brandy grape brandy
GRIN Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.03%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 currant black currant
GRIN Trop Picture
 sphaeranthus indicus
GRIN Trop Picture
 tobacco burley tobacco
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
 alphaline 70
3-buten-2-one, 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-, (3E)-
(E)-alpha-cyclocitrylidene acetone
trans-alpha-cyclocitrylidene acetone
alpha-ionone (natural)
alpha-ionone 50% in ETOH natural
alpha-ionone 60
alpha-ionone 70
alpha-ionone 80
alpha-ionone 90
alpha-ionone 90%, (naturals)
 ionone alpha
 ionone alpha regular
 ionone alpha white coeur
alpha-ionone BRI
alpha-ionone extra
alpha-ionone natural
alpha-ionone refined
alpha-ionone white coeur
alpha-ionone, natural
alpha-ionone, refined
alpha-ionone, regular
 irisone alpha
 irisone alpha extra white
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
PubMed: Comparison of aroma active and sulfur volatiles in three fragrant rice cultivars using GC-olfactometry and GC-PFPD.
J-Stage: Highly Selective and Asymmetric Reductive Biotransformation of a-Ionone by Epicoccum purpurascens
PubMed: Formation of norisoprenoid flavor compounds in carrot (Daucus carota L.) roots: characterization of a cyclic-specific carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase 1 gene.
J-Stage: Antifungal Compounds from the Root and Root Exudate of Zea mays
PubMed: Selective oxidation reactions of natural compounds with hydrogen peroxide mediated by methyltrioxorhenium.
PubMed: Evaluation of the volatile composition and sensory properties of five species of microalgae.
PubMed: Functional characterisation of three members of the Vitis vinifera L. carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase gene family.
PubMed: NIS-PPh3: a selective reagent for the spiroannulation of o-allyl phenols. Total synthesis of corallidictyal D.
PubMed: Isolation of the four methyl jasmonate stereoisomers and their effects on selected chiral volatile compounds in red raspberries.
PubMed: Highly selective and asymmetric reductive biotransformation of ╬▒-ionone by Epicoccum purpurascens.
PubMed: Essential oils from the leaves of six medicinal plants of Nigeria.
PubMed: [Influence of processing methods on the chemical composition of the essential oil from Aucklandia lappa].
PubMed: Essential oil composition of Ficus benjamina (Moraceae) and Irvingia barteri (Irvingiaceae).
PubMed: A practical, enantiospecific synthesis of (S)-trans-gamma-monocyclofarnesol.
PubMed: Profiling and characterization of volatile components from non-fumigated and sulfur-fumigated Flos Lonicerae Japonicae using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with chemical group separation.
PubMed: Antitrypanosomal compounds from the essential oil and extracts of Keetia leucantha leaves with inhibitor activity on Trypanosoma brucei glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.
PubMed: Quantification by solid phase micro extraction and stable isotope dilution assay of norisoprenoid compounds in red wines obtained from Piedmont rare varieties.
PubMed: Environmental and seasonal influences on red raspberry flavour volatiles and identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) and candidate genes.
PubMed: Free energy calculations give insight into the stereoselective hydroxylation of ╬▒-ionones by engineered cytochrome P450 BM3 mutants.
PubMed: A Practical Chemo-enzymatic Approach to Highly Enantio-Enriched 10-Ethyl-7,8-dihydro-╬│-ionone Isomers: A Method for the Synthesis of 4,5-Didehydro-╬▒-Ionone.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of ╬▒- and ╬▓-ionone, prominent scent compounds, in flowers of Osmanthus fragrans.
PubMed: CYP264B1 from Sorangium cellulosum So ce56: a fascinating norisoprenoid and sesquiterpene hydroxylase.
PubMed: Impact of cover crops in vineyard on the aroma compounds of Vitis vinifera L. cv Cabernet Sauvignon wine.
PubMed: Structural Analysis of CYP101C1 from Novosphingobium aromaticivorans DSM12444.
PubMed: Enzymatic formation of apo-carotenoids from the xanthophyll carotenoids lutein, zeaxanthin and ╬▓-cryptoxanthin by ferret carotene-9',10'-monooxygenase.
PubMed: Allelopathic control of cyanobacterial blooms by periphyton biofilms.
PubMed: Composition of sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L.) honey solvent extractives determined by GC/MS: norisoprenoids and other volatile organic compounds.
PubMed: Regioselective hydroxylation of norisoprenoids by CYP109D1 from Sorangium cellulosum So ce56.
PubMed: Functional characterization of a carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase 1 and its relation to the carotenoid accumulation and volatile emission during the floral development of Osmanthus fragrans Lour.
PubMed: A new sulfated alpha-ionone glycoside from Sonchus erzincanicus Matthews.
PubMed: Characterization of the versatile monooxygenase CYP109B1 from Bacillus subtilis.
PubMed: Expedient construction of the Ziegler intermediate useful for the synthesis of forskolin via consecutive rearrangements.
PubMed: New attractants for males of the solanaceous fruit fly Bactrocera latifrons.
PubMed: Enantioselective synthesis and olfactory evaluation of 13-alkyl-substituted alpha-ionones.
PubMed: Comparison of sugar, acids, and volatile composition in raspberry bushy dwarf virus-resistant transgenic raspberries and the wild type 'meeker' (rubus idaeus L.).
PubMed: Volatile composition in raspberry cultivars grown in the Pacific Northwest determined by stir bar sorptive extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: New alpha-pyrrolidinonoids and glycosides from Euphorbia humifusa.
PubMed: Chemotherapy of leishmaniasis part-VIII: synthesis and bioevaluation of novel chalcones.
PubMed: Metabolism of carotenoids and apocarotenoids during ripening of raspberry fruit.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on alpha-ionone.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on allyl alpha-ionone.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on dihydro-alpha-ionone.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on ionone.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on methyl-alpha-ionone.
PubMed: Synthesis of 4'-(2,6,6-trimethyl -2-cyclohexen-1-yl) -3'-buten-2'-ketoxime-N-O-alkyl ethers.
PubMed: Effect of fat level on the perception of five flavor chemicals in ice cream with or without fat mimetics by using a descriptive test.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of monoterpenes and norisoprenoids in raspberry fruits (Rubus idaeus L.): the role of cytosolic mevalonate and plastidial methylerythritol phosphate pathway.
PubMed: Flavor authentication studies of alpha-ionone, beta-ionone, and alpha-ionol from various sources.
PubMed: Studies on the aroma of mat├ę (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.) using headspace solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed: Effect of the minor ABA metabolite 7'-hydroxy-ABA on Arabidopsis ABA 8'-hydroxylase CYP707A3.
PubMed: Broad activation of the glomerular layer enhances subsequent olfactory responses.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of antialgal compounds from the leaves of Vallisneria spiralis L. by activity-guided fractionation.
PubMed: Functional characterization of CmCCD1, a carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase from melon.
PubMed: Generation of aroma compounds from Ditaxis heterantha by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: Theory and use of the pseudophase model in gas-liquid chromatographic enantiomeric separations.
PubMed: Efficient terpene hydroxylation catalysts based upon P450 enzymes derived from actinomycetes.
PubMed: [Analysis and identification of Liriomyza sativae-attractants from cowpea and kidney bean volatiles].
PubMed: Carotenoid pigmentation affects the volatile composition of tomato and watermelon fruits, as revealed by comparative genetic analyses.
PubMed: Comprehensive authentication of (E)-alpha(beta)-ionone from raspberries, using constant flow MDGC-C/P-IRMS and enantio-MDGC-MS.
PubMed: Identification and aroma impact of norisoprenoids in orange juice.
PubMed: A simple and efficient highly enantioselective synthesis of alpha-ionone and alpha-damascone.
PubMed: Active ingredients in cade oil that synergize attractiveness of alpha-ionol to male Bactrocera latifrons (Diptera: Tephritidae).
PubMed: Enantioselective synthesis of alpha-ionone derivatives using an anti S(N)2' substitution of functionalized zinc organometallics.
PubMed: Antifungal compounds from the root and root exudate of Zea mays.
PubMed: Approaches to spirit aroma: contribution of some aromatic compounds to the primary aroma in samples of orujo spirits.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of miscellaneous secondary metabolites of Deprea subtriflora.
PubMed: Investigation of binding behavior of alpha- and beta-ionones to beta-lactoglobulin at different pH values using a diffusion-based NOE pumping technique.
PubMed: Enantiomer separation of flavour and fragrance compounds by liquid chromatography using novel urea-covalent bonded methylated beta-cyclodextrins on silica.
PubMed: Induction of cytochrome P450 1A and 2B by alpha- and beta-ionone in Sprague Dawley rats.
PubMed: A P450 BM-3 mutant hydroxylates alkanes, cycloalkanes, arenes and heteroarenes.
PubMed: Enhancement of attraction of alpha-ionol to male Bactrocera latifrons (Diptera: Tephritidae) by addition of a synergist, cade oil.
PubMed: Determination of apparent binding constants for aroma compounds with beta-lactoglobulin by dynamic coupled column liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Development of an attractant for the scarab pest Macrodactylus subspinosus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).
PubMed: Frozen storage effects on anthocyanins and volatile compounds of raspberry fruit.
PubMed: Enantiomer separation of alpha-ionone using gas chromatography with cyclodextrin derivatives as chiral stationary phases.
PubMed: 2-fluoroabscisic acid analogues: their synthesis and biological activities.
PubMed: Stereo- and regioselective hydroxylation of alpha-ionone by Streptomyces strains.
PubMed: Effect of Carotenoids on Aflatoxin B(1) Synthesis by Aspergillus flavus.
PubMed: Biotransformation of alpha- and beta-ionones by immobilized cells of Nicotiana tabacum.
PubMed: Sensory evidence for olfactory receptors with opposite chiral selectivity.
PubMed: Microbial Conversion of alpha-Ionone, alpha-Methylionone, and alpha-Isomethylionone.
PubMed: Models of retinoid metabolism: microbial biotransformation of alpha-ionone and beta-ionone.
PubMed: Incorporation of (14)CO 2 in photosynthetic pigments of Chlorella pyrenoidosa.
PubMed: Chemistry of tobacco constituents. Oxidation of alpha-ionone and the acid-catalyzed rearrangement of 5-keto-alpha-ionone.
PubMed: Comparison of the effects of vitamin A and its analogs upon rabbit ear cartilage in organ culture and upon growth of the vitamin A-deficient rat.
PubMed: The biosynthesis of cyclic carotenes.
PubMed: Geometrical isomers of retinene.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
click on the picture(s) below to
interact with the 3D model
Picture of molecule
Soluble in:
 dipropylene glycol
 fixed oils
 paraffin oil
 water, 1.00E+06 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 acid cleaner
 alcoholic lotion
 deo stick
 detergent perborate
 fabric softener
 hard surface cleaner
 liquid detergent
 non-discoloring in most media
Please share your Comments.
Email Address:
Top of Page Home
Copyright © 1980-2017 The Good Scents Company (tgsc) ™ Disclaimer Privacy Policy