Typical G.C. analysis

alpinia officinarum root oil
390.10alpha- amorphene
370.03  benzyl acetone
271.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
410.21beta- bisabolene
260.50  bornyl acetate
440.02  butyl benzoate
50.21iso butyl isovalerate
332.50delta- cadinene
342.10gamma- cadinene
360.11  calacorene
350.21  calamenene
44.60  camphene
231.00  camphor
310.40  caryophyllene
460.15  caryophyllene oxide
949.601,8- cineole
220.41  copaene
130.01beta- copaene
200.04alpha- cubebene
111.60para- cymene
290.30beta- elemene
150.08gamma- elemene
160.75(E)-beta- farnesene
210.51alpha- fenchyl acetate
280.72alpha- guaiene
400.22delta- guaiene
180.11alpha- humulene
84.00  limonene
240.32  linalool
3trace  methyl isovalerate
320.92gamma- muurolene
70.62  myrcene
380.04  nerolidol
450.342- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.022- phenethyl isobutyrate
25.80alpha- pinene
66.60beta- pinene
250.10alpha- santalene
140.48beta- santalene
420.08alpha- selinene
301.90  terpinen-4-ol
100.22gamma- terpinene
195.00alpha- terpineol
170.10delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.09alpha- thujene

B. M. Lawrence, J. W. Hogg and S. J. Terhune, Essential Oils and Their Constituents. Part II. The Oil of Alpinia officinarum Hance. Perfum. Essent, Oil Rec., 60, 89-96 (1969).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

angelica archangelica root oil
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

angelica archangelica seed oil CO2 extract
340.60  bicyclogermacrene
35tracebeta- bisabolene
151.80  bornyl acetate
360.30gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
61.70delta-3- carene
280.50beta- caryophyllene
292.00iso caryophyllene
26tracebeta- cedrene
460.50  cedrol
16trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
172.30  chrysanthenyl acetate
390.40alpha- copaen-11-ol
401.10alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.20alpha- copaene
23tracealpha- cubebene
210.40  cumin alcohol
38trace  cuparene
22tracepara- cymen-8-ol
130.80para- cymene
490.70(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
441.30  dihydroeudesmol
500.60(E,E)-2,4- dodecadien-1-al
27tracebeta- elemene
251.30gamma- elemene
413.60  elemol
451.50beta- eudesmol
310.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
321.70  germacrene D
601.60  heptadecanyl acetate
590.60  hexadecanol
470.70  hexanal
91.70  limonene
33tracegamma- muurolene
81.20  myrcene
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
610.90  octadecanol
540.90  pentadecanol
587.7015- pentadecanolide
191.40  phellandral
70.50alpha- phellandrene
1016.70beta- phellandrene
211.80alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
430.60  rosifoliol
59.10  sabinene
303.50beta- selinene
420.30  spathulenol
110.20gamma- terpinene
14trace  terpinolene
510.40  tetradecanal
532.60  tetradecanol
570.50  tetradecanyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
200.20(Z)- thujenol
370.60  thujopsene
520.50  tridecanal
180.304,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
48trace5- undecen-3-yne

K. M. Kerrola and H. P. Kallio, Extraction of volatile compounds of Angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) root by liquid carbon dioxide. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 2234-2245 (1994).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

artemisia annua flower oil america
280.06allo- aromadendrene
92.10  artemisyl alcohol
756.00  artemisyl ketone
200.61  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
270.37beta- cadinene
82.09  camphene hydrate
1110.50  camphor
233.30beta- caryophyllene
293.26  caryophyllene oxide
67.701,8- cineole
210.31alpha- copaene
220.94beta- cubebene
260.11gamma- elemene
170.02para-ethyl camene
180.03iso eugenol
252.60beta- farnesene
240.01alpha- humulene
190.10 longipinene
140.40  myrtenal
160.14  myrtenol
30.24alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
120.23  sabinaketone
42.60  sabinene
100.72  sabinol
10.16  santolinatriene
131.10  terpinen-4-ol
150.09alpha- terpineol
20.13alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua leaf oil america
312.02-8.45allo- aromadendrene
110.72-1.90  artemisyl alcohol
926.85-35.60  artemisyl ketone
230.90-0.36  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
300.18-0.50beta- cadinene
100.14-2.31  camphene hydrate
140.00-20.48  camphor
265.00-5.60beta- caryophyllene
320.95-1.75  caryophyllene oxide
88.70-28.101,8- cineole
241.10-1.55alpha- copaene
251.80-4.43beta- cubebene
290.40-0.66gamma- elemene
200.04-0.33para-ethyl camene
210.04-0.11iso eugenol
280.84-3.80beta- farnesene
270.03-0.71alpha- humulene
220.15 longipinene
60.71-0.94(E)-6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
170.20-0.50  myrtenal
190.10  myrtenol
30.40-0.50alpha- pinene
50.80-1.40beta- pinene
150.14-0.55  sabinaketone
41.10-3.80  sabinene
120.28-0.33(Z)- sabinene hydrate
130.00-1.70  sabinol
10.04-0.20  santolinatriene
160.14-1.84  terpinen-4-ol
70.22-0.40alpha- terpinene
180.08-0.12alpha- terpineol
20.01-0.10alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

cajuput leaf oil vietnam
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

campomanesia aurea leaf oil brazil
211.00  dehydroaromadendrane
2513.60  bicyclogermacrene
514.2alpha- bisabolol
91.20  borneol
270.40gamma- cadinene
292.10delta- cadinene
441.10T- cadinol
480.50alpha- cadinol
301.50alpha- calacorene
281.90(Z)- calamenene
493.00 calamenenol
500.70 calamenenol
170.30beta- caryophyllene
166.20iso caryophyllene
331.90  caryophyllene alcohol
3529.00  caryophyllene oxide
380.90  copaen-4-alpha-ol
141.40alpha- copaene
420.601-epi- cubenol
150.90beta- elemene
181.10gamma- elemene
472.40beta- eudesmol
410.3010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
431.50gamma- eudesmol
80.50alpha- fenchol
120.40  geranial
364.10  globulol
371.80epi- globulol
190.70beta- gurjunene
201.30alpha- humulene
394.00  humulene oxide I
401.70  humulene oxide II
321.00  ledol
30.50  limonene
50.60para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
225.00gamma- muurolene
260.60alpha- muurolene
460.60alpha- muurolol
310.80(E)- nerolidol
536.70(E)- nerolidol acetate
43.30(E)-beta- ocimene
116.50alpha- pinene
26.10beta- pinene
235.20beta- selinene
240.40alpha- selinene
344.90  spathulenol
100.50  terpinen-4-ol
111.40alpha- terpineol
60.40  terpinolene
130.70alpha- ylangene
cananga odorata oil china
 24.14  benzyl acetate
 1.90  benzyl alcohol
 20.45  benzyl benzoate
 0.16beta- cadinene
 0.24delta- cadinene
 2.69gamma- cadinene
 0.51beta- caryophyllene
 0.97(E)- cinnamyl acetate
 0.27para- cresol
 2.05para- cresyl methyl ether
 0.22gamma- elemene
 1.54(E)-iso eugenol
 0.67alpha- farnesene
 0.21(Z,E)- farnesol
 6.08  geranyl acetate
 0.27alpha- humulene
 29.20  linalool
 0.144- methoxybenzyl acetate
 0.29  methyl 3-methoxybenzene
 2.70  methyl benzoate
 0.632- phenethyl acetate

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang, Aromatic plants and essential constituents (supplement 1). South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cedrela odorata wood oil
170.57allo- aromadendrene
230.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.53beta- bisabolol
270.04 brachyl oxide
121.30  cadina-1,4-diene
130.16alpha- cadinene
911.70delta- cadinene
100.20gamma- cadinene
260.12alpha- calacorene
240.70  calamenene
143.40  calarene
151.20  caryophyllene
415.60alpha- copaene
18.00alpha- cubebene
63.20beta- cubebene
300.96  cubenol
311.40epi- cubenol
86.80beta- curcumene
70.10beta- elemene
20.44delta- elemene
160.12gamma- elemene
181.80beta- farnesene
250.05  geranyl acetone
212.60  germacrene D
50.45alpha- gurjunene
192.10alpha- humulene
200.55  ledene
221.00alpha- muurolene
298.00(E)- nerolidol
280.09  palustrol
111.00sesquiphellandrene + ar-curcumene
320.08  spathulenol
30.38alpha- ylangene

E. J. Brunke, E. J. Hammerschmidt and F. H. Koster, Essential Oil of Cedrela odorata L. (Meliaceae) from Brazil-Revised List of Constituents. in Progress in Essential Oil Research. E. J. Brunke, ed. pp. 117-122, Walter de

Gruyter, Berlin (1986).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

chamaecyparis obtusa leaf oil
131.23  borneol
177.15  bornyl acetate
361.70 cadin-10(15)-4-ol
272.76delta- cadinene
280.53gamma- cadinene
300.41  calamenene
20.23  camphene
380.65  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
181.65(Z)- caryophyllene
190.28beta- caryophyllene
320.93  cedrol
250.48beta- cubebene
90.82para- cymene
211.47alpha- elemene
290.39gamma- elemene
3114.78  elemol
345.39alpha- eudesmol
356.54beta- eudesmol
338.28gamma- eudesmol
102.09alpha- fenchol
240.30beta- guaiene
63.05  limonene
120.41  longicyclene
370.73 longicyclenyl aclohol
150.72  longifolene
110.37alpha- longipinene
263.81alpha- muurolene
225.71gamma- muurolene
11.01alpha- pinene
42.77beta- pinene
31.61  sabinene
51.11alpha- terpinene
71.77gamma- terpinene
141.11alpha- terpineol
81.00  terpinolene
239.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
160.89  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium peel oil
430.10delta- cadinene
42tracegamma- cadinene
280.02  carvacrol
200.05  carveol
220.03  carvone
380.03beta- caryophyllene
150.01  citronellal
210.07  citronellol
360.05alpha- copaene
33tracealpha- cubebene
400.36beta- cubebene
60.52para- cymene
190.10  decanal
340.03  decanoic acid
37tracebeta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
410.04gamma- elemene
44trace  elemol
25trace  geranial
35trace  geranyl acetate
390.02alpha- humulene
786.36  limonene
131.91  linalool
100.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.08(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
51.83  myrcene
16trace  naphthalene
230.04  nerol
450.02  nerolidol
320.03  neryl acetate
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
260.01  perillaldehyde
290.01  perillyl alcohol
21.17alpha- pinene
40.63beta- pinene
240.02iso piperitenone
30.07  sabinene
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
94.25gamma- terpinene
180.24alpha- terpineol
140.02beta- terpineol
120.21  terpinolene
10.22alpha- thujene
270.12  thymol
30trace  undecanal

M-B. Huang, D-X. Zhang, C-T. Yan and S-B. Yang, Identification and determination of the constituents of essential oil extracted from Fructus Citri aurantii by GC and GC/MS. Sepu, 8, 321-325 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

croton eluteria bark oil
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
illicium verum fruit oil china
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

juniperus communis fruit oil
240.60  aromadendrene
170.40  bornyl acetate
272.50alpha- cadinene
260.80gamma- cadinene
290.80alpha- cadinol
30.30  camphene
130.20  campholenic aldehyde
202.70  caryophyllene
300.40alpha- copaene
180.90alpha- cubebene
90.20para- cymene
191.10beta- elemene
282.90gamma- elemene
2210.50beta- farnesene
212.20alpha- humulene
103.10  limonene
2310.50alpha- muurolene
251.60gamma- muurolene
611.00  myrcene
233.60alpha- pinene
42.50beta- pinene
47.60  sabinene
110.90  sabinene hydrate
142.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
121.00  terpinolene
10.70alpha- thujene
160.20  valeranone

G. Bonaga and G. C. Galletti, Analysis of volatile components in juniper oil by high resolution gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Ann. Chimica, 75, 131-136 (1985).

P&F 12, No. 6, 59, (1987)

juniperus phoenicea wood oil
260.23  abietatriene
200.25gamma- cadinene
2trace  camphene
50.21delta-3- carene
230.96beta- caryophyllene
240.28  caryophyllene oxide
102.22para- cymen-8-ol
60.14para- cymene
170.62beta- elemene
150.36delta- elemene
160.57gamma- elemene
190.60 elemoferol
183.31  elemol
250.41alpha- humulene
140.46  juniper camphor
70.80  limonene
280.38  manoyl oxide
220.40alpha- muurolene
210.31gamma- muurolene
30.68  myrcene
169.00alpha- pinene
40.80beta- pinene
270.47  sandracopimaradiene
130.37  selina-3,7(11)-diene
110.41beta- selinene
122.15gamma- selinene
91.77alpha- terpineol
84.80alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. de Pascual Teresa, A. F. Barrero, M. C. Caballero, M. A. Ramos and A. San Feliciano, Components de las arcestidas de Juniperus phoenicea linneaus aceit esencial. Rivista Ital. 62, 353-354 (1981).

P&F 7, No. 4, 41, (1982)

mentha x piperita oil CO2 extract
Reverchon et al. (1994) compared the composition of a supercritical CO2 extract (SFE) of peppermint under two separate sets of conditions with a sample of peppermint oil produced by hydrodistillation. The results of the GC/MS analyses of the volatile concentrates of peppermint oil and peppermint produced by SFE can be seen in Table VIII. Note: Only the SFE-2 (T:40C, P:120 bar) will be shown as follows:
180.20  bornyl acetate
220.70beta- bourbonene
295.00gamma- cadinene
330.60T- cadinol
310.40(E)- calamenene
244.30beta- caryophyllene
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
63.601,8- cineole
21tracealpha- cubebene
50.10  decane
130.20  dihydrocarveol
230.90beta- elemene
300.40gamma- elemene
270.60beta- farnesene
250.20beta- gurjunene
26tracealpha- humulene
160.60  linalyl acetate
1123.80  menthol
120.20iso menthol
936.10  menthone
107.50iso menthone
1911.70  menthyl acetate
200.20iso menthyl acetate
170.20neo menthyl acetate
28tracegamma- muurolene
30.20  myrcene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.103- octanol
10.20alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
150.60  piperitone
140.30  pulegone

E. Reverchon, A. Ambruosi and F. Senatore, Isolation of peppermint oil using ssupercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 19-23 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum oil turkey
250.00-0.03alpha- bergamolene
330.17-1.03beta- bisabolene
340.00-0.19gamma- cadinene
410.00-0.12T- cadinol
360.00-0.03  calamenene
30.05--0.56  camphene
60.07-0.10delta-3- carene
4323.43-78.73  carvacrol
380.00-0.09  carvacryl acetate
350.00-0.04trans- carveol
260.62-2.32beta-caryophyllene + terpinen-4-ol
390.12-1.06  caryophyllene oxide
110.15-1.381,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
370.00-0.44para- cymen-8-ol
164.93-24.90para- cymene
280.04-3.53(Z)- dihydrocarvone
320.01-0.38gamma- elemene
300.00-0.19(Z)-beta- farnesene
310.00-0.18  heptadecane
120.00-0.08(Z)-2- hexenal
290.04-0.36alpha- humulene
100.02-0.41  limonene
230.03-0.46  linalool
240.02-0.06  linalyl acetate
10.03-0.11  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
270.35-1.71 methyl carvacrol + (E)-dihydrocarvone
180.00-0.066- methyl-3-heptanol
70.45-2.94  myrcene
190.00-0.01  nonanal
150.06-0.35(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.07(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.16-0.931- octen-3-ol
80.00-0.01alpha- phellandrene
20.78-2.69alpha- pinene
40.09-0.28beta- pinene
5trace-0.31  sabinene
210.05-1.41(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.14-9.52(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.00-0.16  spathulenol
90.39-2.31alpha- terpinene
141.83-16.32gamma- terpinene
300.35-1.45alpha-terpineol + isoborneol
170.05-0.24  terpinolene
420.17-39.81  thymol

K. H. C. Baser, T. Ozek, G. Tumen and E. Sezik, Composition of the Essential Oils of Turkish Origanum Species with Commercial Importance, J, Essent. Oil Res., 5, 619-623 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

petroselinum crispum leaf oil cuba
In 1997, Pino et al. analyLed a parsley leaf oil that was produced from plants grown in Cuba. Using CC/MS as the method of analysis the oil was determined to contain the following constituents:
240.02alpha- amorphene
3414.40 apiole
110.02  benzyl alcohol
210.02(E)-beta- bergamotene
321.42  carotol
190.24beta- caryophyllene
140.03  citronellal
160.09para- cymen-8-ol
50.03para- cymene
90.28alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
180.61beta- elemene
200.21gamma- elemene
281.70  elemicin
290.02iso elemicin
300.02  elemol
230.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.09  germacrene D
330.28  guaiol
220.03alpha- humulene
70.06  limonene
123.90para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
130.05para- mentha-1,4,8-triene
150.03para- menthatriene
30.84  myrcene
2663.90  myristicin
310.03  nerolidol
40.09alpha- phellandrene
61.60beta- phellandrene
271.04beta-sesqui phellandrene
10.03alpha- pinene
20.01beta- pinene
80.03gamma- terpinene
100.72  terpinolene
170.02  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Herb oil of parsley (Petroselinum crispum Mill.) from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 241-242 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

piper betle leaf oil
101.18delta- cadinene
161.19delta- cadinol
20.35  camphene
220.66  caryophyllene oxide
150.36alpha- costol
192.87  decanal
204.23  dodecanal
110.89gamma- elemene
2333.22  eugenol
2410.59iso eugenol
182.46  geraniol
210.41  hexadecanoic acid
121.46  linalool
262.33  methyl benzoate
42.16  myrcene
60.70(E)-beta- ocimene
50.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.63allo- ocimene
36.13  sabinene
256.45  safrole
141.45  terpinen-1-ol
71.60gamma- terpinene
132.30alpha- terpineol
80.50  terpinolene
170.763,7,11,15- tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol
11.90alpha- thujene

A. K. S. Rawat, R. D. Tripathi, A. J. Khan and V. R. Balasubrahmanyam. Essential oil components as markers for identifiication of Piper betle L. cultivars. Biochem. Systemat. Ecol., 17, 35-38 (1989).

P&F 18, No. 3, 61, (1993)

polyalthia michaelii leaf oil australia
90.20  bicycloelemene
234.00  bicyclogermacrene
110.20beta- bourbonene
250.40gamma- cadinene
240.80delta- cadinene
20.60delta-3- carene
151.70beta- caryophyllene
263.40  caryophyllene oxide
100.20alpha- copaene
70.20alpha- cubebene
120.20beta- cubebene
270.30  cubenol
5tracepara- cymene
140.60beta- elemene
80.40delta- elemene
160.10gamma- elemene
200.70  germacrene D
282.40  globulol
180.50alpha- humulene
40.10  limonene
3trace  myrcene
10.30alpha- pinene
210.40beta- selinene
220.40alpha- selinene
3042.20  spathulenol
6trace  terpinolene
130.20 unknown a
170.30 unknown b
190.90 unknown c
290.80  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
ribes nigrum bud oil
38trace-0.33allo- aromadendrene
400.00-1.51  bicyclogermacrene
300.00-2.00  bornyl acetate
41trace-0.15delta- cadinene
3trace-2.41  camphene
90.17-45.50delta-3- carene
351.20-4.98beta- caryophyllene
44trace-1.48  caryophyllene oxide
280.00-0.18  citronellol
32trace-0.42  citronellyl acetate
26trace-0.66para- cymen-8-ol
11trace-0.17meta- cymene
12trace-0.48para- cymene
34trace-0.14beta- elemene
31trace-0.24delta- elemene
360.00-1.62gamma- elemene
220.00-0.20(Z)-1,2- epoxylimonene
420.00-1.12  germacrene B
390.00-1.51  germacrene D
37trace-2.00alpha- humulene
450.00-0.52  humulene oxide
130.17-14.12  limonene
29trace-0.12  linalyl acetate
210.00-0.18(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
230.00-0.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
24trace-0.66para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
62.89-3.61  myrcene
161.21-3.12(E)-beta- ocimene
150.00-5.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
8trace-1.58alpha- phellandrene
141.72-24.63beta- phellandrene
21.30-9.23alpha- pinene
50.17-10.22beta- pinene
4trace-69.00  sabinene
18trace-0.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.00-0.46(Z)- sabinene hydrate
43trace-2.70  spathulenol
460.00-0.18iso spathulenol
250.40-4.52  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-1.32alpha- terpinene
17trace-1.80gamma- terpinene
27trace-0.22alpha- terpineol
190.40-20.00  terpinolene
33trace-0.40alpha- terpinyl acetate
1trace-1.90alpha- thujene

J. L. Le Quere and A. Latrasse, Composition of the essential oils of Blackcurrant bud (Ribes nigram L.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 3-10 (1990).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

satureja montana oil
131.60  borneol
35.80  camphene
1218.30  camphor
161.50  carvacrol
172.30beta- caryophyllene
200.90  caryophyllene oxide
724.70para- cymene
181.60gamma- elemene
81.50  limonene
114.70  linalool
68.60  myrcene
23.60alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
40.90  sabinene
101.70(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.70  spathulenol
142.80  terpinen-4-ol
910.80gamma- terpinene
10.90alpha- thujene
150.30  thymol

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Casez, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiqes en. milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Ritista Ital. EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

satureja montana oleoresin
 1.60  borneol
 5.80  camphene
 18.30  camphor
 1.50  carvacrol
 2.30beta- caryophyllene
 0.90  caryophyllene oxide
 24.70para- cymene
 1.60gamma- elemene
 1.50  limonene
 4.70  linalool
 8.60  myrcene
 3.60alpha- pinene
 0.90beta- pinene
 0.90  sabinene
 1.70(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.70  spathulenol
 2.80  terpinen-4-ol
 10.80gamma- terpinene
 0.90alpha- thujene
 0.30  thymol
schinus molle leaf oil
211.71delta- cadinene
31tracealpha- cadinol
274.70T- cadinol
230.93  calamenene
2trace  camphene
160.47beta- caryophyllene
140.02alpha- copaene
130.01alpha- cubebene
100.59para- cymene
150.01beta- elemene
18tracegamma- elemene
2413.25  elemol
30tracealpha- eudesmol
263.24gamma- eudesmol
205.21  germacrene D
22tracebeta- guaiene
190.39alpha- humulene
89.27  limonene
12trace  methyl octanoate
29tracealpha- muurolol
28traceT- muurolol
5trace  myrcene
252.94  neryl hexanoate
630.24alpha- phellandrene
99.63beta- phellandrene
11.46alpha- pinene
30.10beta- pinene
40.67  sabinene
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
70.02alpha- terpinene
110.20  terpinolene

M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from Schinus molle berries and leaves. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 49 -52 (1990).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

tagetes minuta flower oil
150.71beta- caryophyllene
200.27  caryophyllene oxide
647.05  dihydrotagetone
180.37gamma- elemene
210.21gamma- eudesmol
130.17  eugenol
120.18  geraniol
170.10  germacrene D
160.35alpha- humulene
45.00  limonene
30.10  myrcene
521.10(E)-beta- ocimene
140.37beta- patchoulene
190.142- phenethyl tiglate
10.12alpha- pinene
20.86  sabinene
111.13(E)- tagetenone
101.42(Z)- tagetenone
87.49(E)- tagetone
70.95(Z)- tagetone
90.17  terpinen-4-ol

B. Benveniste and N. Azzo,Tagette oil, Technical Bulletin & Newsletter, Vol. IV, Kato Worldwide Ltd., N.Y, (October 1, 1992).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

valeriana officinalis rhizome oil
360.2-0.8beta- bisabolene
160.1-0.6  borneol
15trace-0.1iso borneol
252.3-33.5  bornyl acetate
430.5-1.2  bornyl isovalerate
460.1-0.3delta- cadinene
30.1-6.4  camphene
14trace-0.1  camphor
21trace-0.1trans- carveol
200.1-0.2cis- carveol
8trace-0.21,8- cineole
31trace-0.1  citronellyl acetate
510.2-2.1  citronellyl isovalerate
33trace-0.2alpha- copaene
570.4-3.9  cryptofauronol
70trace-2.9  cryptofauronyl acetate
22trace-0.1  cuminaldehyde
400.7-2.1ar- curcumene
70.1-1.5para- cymene
340.2-1.42,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
620.1-0.4  drimenol
350.1-0.4beta- elemene
300.2-2.9delta- elemene
420.1-0.4gamma- elemene
75trace-0.6  ethyl palmitate
380.5-7.6  eudesma-2,6,8-triene
530.6-6.9beta- eudesmol
29trace-0.1  eugenol
610.1-0.4  eugenyl isovalerate
670.1-1.1iso eugenyl isovalerate
480.4-0.6  faurinone
410.2-1.4  germacrene D
44trace-1.0beta- gurjunene
370.1-0.9alpha- humulene
390.1-0.7beta- ionone
450.2-3.8  kessane
380.1-3.5  kessanyl acetate
730.1-0.7  kessoglycyl monoacetate
630.1-12.6alpha- kessyl acetate
520.5-2.1  ledol
100.1-1.2  limonene
13trace  linalool
500.1-1.6  maaliol
240.1-0.2  methyl carvacrol
710.1-0.9  methyl palmitate
23trace-0.4  methyl thymol
650.1-0.2  methyl valerenate
6trace-0.1  myrcene
190.1-4.0  myrtenol
28trace-9.1  myrtenyl acetate
560.1-0.2 myrtenyl hexanoate
491.6-10.5  myrtenyl isovalerate
26trace-0.8  nojigiku acetate
470.5-3.2  pacifigorgiol
720.1-1.9  palmitic acid
9trace-2.4beta- phellandrene
20.1-0.2alpha- pinene
5trace-0.9beta- pinene
4trace-0.1  sabinene
170.1-0.6  terpinen-4-ol
11trace-0.2gamma- terpinene
18trace-0.1alpha- terpineol
12trace-0.1  terpinolene
270.1  thymol
1trace-0.1  tricyclene
550.5-8.2  valeranone
660.1-1.5(E)-valeren-1-yl acetate
640.2-0.8(Z)-valeren-1-yl acetate
76trace-1.6(E)-valeren-1-yl isovalerate
74trace-0.7(Z)-valeren-1-yl isovalerate
590.4-12.4  valerenal
690.3-2.8  valerenic acid
600.3-1.2(Z+E)- valerenol
541.5-14.2  valerianol
320.1-0.4alpha- ylangene

R. Bos and H. J. Woerdenbag, Analytical aspects of the essential oil, valerenic acid derivatives and valepotriates in Valeriana officinalis roots and rhizomes. In: Proceedings, International Symposium on breeding research and medicinal and aromatic plants. Edits., F. Pank, p. 355-358, Beiträge zur Zuchtungsforschung, Quedlinburg, Germany (1996).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

wulffia stenoglossa dc. flower oil brazil
190.20(E)-alpha- bergamotene
225.10  bicyclogermacrene
242.70beta- bisabolene
260.30delta- cadinene
250.10gamma- cadinene
360.40alpha- cadinol
178.80beta- caryophyllene
321.00  caryophyllene oxide
140.10alpha- copaene
152.40beta- copaene
120.60  decanal
310.50  dendrolasin
430.10  docosane
110.10  dodecane
130.30delta- elemene
180.10gamma- elemene
410.10  ethyl hexadecanoate
233.30  germacrene A
290.10  germacrene B
2113.00  germacrene D
330.10  globulol
420.10  heneicosane
470.10  heptacosane
460.10  hexacosane
202.10alpha- humulene
340.10  humulene oxide II
513.60  limonene
70.50  linalool
390.10  methyl hexadecanoate
350.40alpha- muurolol
411.80  myrcene
380.70  myristic acid
300.90(E)- nerolidol
80.20  nonanal
10.20  nonane
617.30(E)-beta- ocimene
404.00  palmitic acid
450.30  pentacosane
270.10beta-sesqui phellandrene
22.10alpha- pinene
31.00  sabinene
280.10(Z)-sesqui sabinene hydrate
90.10  terpinen-4-ol
100.10alpha- terpineol
160.10  tetradecane
440.20  tricosane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 415, (2000)
zingiber zerumbet (l.) sm. root oil india
244.90  borneol
228.90iso borneol
160.30  bornyl acetate
24.40  camphene
1212.80  camphor
180.50beta- caryophyllene
310.90  caryophyllene oxide
67.101,8- cineole
280.40ar- curcumene
3414.40  curzerenone
300.10para- cymen-8-ol
70.10para- cymene
200.10  decanol
173.30beta- elemene
110.20delta- elemene
291.70gamma- elemene
331.00  germacrone
80.10  heptanol
210.30alpha- humulene
320.30 humulene epoxide isomer
50.80  limonene
141.10  linalool
40.30  myrcene
131.902- nonanol
90.302- nonanone
100.102- octanol
11.30alpha- pinene
32.40beta- pinene
260.80alpha- selinene
251.00beta- selinene
361.00  spathulenol
190.70  terpinen-4-ol
231.30alpha- terpineol
270.202- undecanol
3512.60  zerumbone
150.50  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 595, (2000)
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