ferula assa-foetida absolute
assafetida absolute
 
Notes:
a plant genus of the family apiaceae. it contains pungent oils and resins. it is used to flavor curries, as a carminative, and as cat and dog repellent. the occasionally used common name of 'giant fennel' should not be confused with true fennel (foeniculum). tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it is a product which may contain resin acids and their esters, terpenes, and oxidation or polymerization products of these terpenes. (ferula, umbelliferae).
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Name: ferula asafoetida l. absolute
CAS Number: 9000-04-8 
Other: 89957-72-2
ECHA EC Number: 232-522-1
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: reddish brown semi-solid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: sulfurous
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
 garlic  onion  sweet  balsamic  
Odor Description:
at 0.10 % in propylene glycol. 
garlic onion sweet balsam
 asafetida  sulfurous  
Taste Description:
asafetida sulfurous
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
Robertet
ASA FOETIDA
Pure & Nat
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ferula assa-foetida absolute usage levels up to:
  0.0100 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
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Safety References:
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 9000-04-8
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 ferula asafoetida l. absolute
Chemidplus: 0009000048
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References:
 ferula asafoetida l. absolute
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 9000-04-8
Pubchem (sid): 135309999
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 3301.90.5000
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
alliaceous
 dimethyl trisulfideFL/FR
 dipropyl disulfideFL/FR
 garlic oil chinaFL/FR
 propyl mercaptanFL/FR
cheesy
S-(methyl thio) butyrateFL/FR
citrus
 grapefruit mercaptanFL/FR
coffee
 coffee difuranFL/FR
coumarinic
 tonka bean oleoresinFR
creamy
2,3-butane diolFR
meaty
 meaty dithianeFL/FR
roasted
2-methyl-1-butanolFL/FR
spicy
 ethyl vinyl ketoneFL/FR
 dimethyl disulfideFL/FR
 dimethyl sulfideFL/FR
 methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionateFL/FR
2-methyl 5-(methyl thio) furanFL/FR
 methyl mercaptanFL/FR
3-(methyl thio) hexanolFL/FR
 onion oilFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl methyl disulfideFL
 allyl methyl trisulfideFL
 allyl propyl disulfideFL
 allyl propyl sulfideFL
 allyl propyl trisulfideFL
isoamyl mercaptanFL
 butyl mercaptanFL
 diethyl trisulfideFL
 diisopropyl sulfideFL
 diisopropyl trisulfideFL
 dimethyl tetrasulfideFL
(Z+E)-2,5-dimethyl-3-tetrahydrofuran thiolFL
(Z+E)-2,5-dimethyl-3-thioacetoxytetrahydrofuranFL
 dipropyl sulfideFL
 ethyl 3-(furfuryl thio) propionateFL
 ethyl isothiocyanateFL
 ethyl methyl trisulfideFL
 ethyl propyl disulfideFL
 ethyl propyl trisulfideFL
 heptyl mercaptanFL
3-mercapto-2-methyl pentanolFL
4-(methyl thio) butanolFL
2-(methyl thio) methyl-2-butenalFL
2-methyl-1-butanolFL/FR
 propenyl propyl disulfideFL
isopropyl disulfideFL
 propyl mercaptanFL/FR
 thiopheneFL
2,3,5-trithiahexaneFL
alliaceous
 allyl disulfideFL
 allyl mercaptanFL
 allyl thiopropionateFL
 benzyl mercaptanFL
1,3-butane dithiolFL
 cyclopentyl mercaptanFL
 dicyclohexyl disulfideFL
 diethyl disulfideFL
 dimethyl trisulfideFL/FR
 dipropyl disulfideFL/FR
 dipropyl trisulfideFL
 garlic oil chinaFL/FR
3-mercapto-2-pentanoneFL
 methyl 3-mercaptobutanoateFL
2-methyl thioacetaldehydeFL
3-tetrahydrothiophenoneFL
 truffle sulfideFL
cabbage
 methyl 2-thiofuroateFL
citrus
 grapefruit mercaptanFL/FR
coffee
 coffee difuranFL/FR
corn chip
2-acetyl-2-thiazolineFL
eggy
isopropyl mercaptanFL
fatty
 dimethyl sulfoxideFL
garlic
 allyl methyl sulfideFL
 garlic oleoresinFL
meaty
 meaty dithianeFL/FR
(R,S)-2-mercapto-3-butanolFL
bis(2-methyl-3-furyl) disulfideFL
 phenyl mercaptanFL
ortho-thiocresolFL
metallic
3-(methyl thio) hexanolFL/FR
musty
2-methyl 5-(methyl thio) furanFL/FR
S-(methyl thio) butyrateFL/FR
onion
 methionolFL
 methyl propyl disulfideFL
 methyl propyl trisulfideFL
 propyl thioacetateFL
roasted
 hexyl mercaptanFL
seafood
1,4-dithianeFL
spicy
 ethyl vinyl ketoneFL/FR
sulfurous
 allyl sulfideFL
 diallyl polysulfidesFL
 diallyl tetrasulfideFL
 diallyl trisulfideFL
 dimethyl disulfideFL/FR
 dimethyl sulfideFL/FR
 ethyl methyl sulfideFL
S-ethyl thioacetateFL
 furfuryl methyl sulfideFL
 furfuryl thiopropionateFL
3-mercapto-2-methyl pentanalFL
 methyl 2-(methyl thio) butyrateFL
 methyl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfideFL
 methyl mercaptanFL/FR
1-(methyl thio)-2-butanoneFL
 methyl thiomethyl butyrateFL
 onion oilFL/FR
 onion oleoresinFL
vegetable
 methyl 3-(methyl thio) propionateFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 balsamFR
 garlicFL
 onionFL
 orientalFR
 roseFR
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 asafoetida
Search Trop  Picture
 asafoetida
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 asafetida absolute
 asafoetida absolute
 assafetida absolute
 ferula asafoetida absolute
 ferula foetida absolute
 scorodosma foetidum absolute
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Articles:
PubMed: Impact of Herbal Medicines like Nigella sativa, Trigonella foenum-graecum, and Ferula asafoetida, on Cytochrome P450 2C11 Gene Expression in Rat Liver.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of selected Iranian medicinal plants against a broad spectrum of pathogenic and drug multiresistant micro-organisms.
PubMed: The Relaxant Effect of Seed's Essential Oil and Oleo-Gum-Resin of Ferula Assa-Foetida on Isolated Rat's Ileum.
PubMed: Cytotoxic properties of some medicinal plant extracts from mazandaran, iran.
PubMed: Oleo gum resin of Ferula assa-foetida L. ameliorates peripheral neuropathy in mice.
PubMed: Relaxant effects of asafoetida extract and its constituent umbelliprenin on guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle.
PubMed: Double edged effect of gum-resin of ferula assa-foetida on lifespan of neurons.
PubMed: Double edged effect of gum-resin of ferula assa-foetida on lifespan of neurons.
PubMed: Tertiary combination of freeze-dried urine of Indian breeds of cow with plant products against snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed: Use of complementary and alternative medicine for children: a parents' perspective.
PubMed: Some like it pungent and vile. TRPA1 as a molecular target for the malodorous vinyl disulfides from asafoetida.
PubMed: Effects of Cymbopogon citratus and Ferula assa-foetida extracts on glutamate-induced neurotoxicity.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil obtained from Ferula assa-foetida oleo-gum-resin: effect of collection time.
PubMed: New claims in folk veterinary medicines from Uttar Pradesh, India.
PubMed: Ferula asafoetida: Traditional uses and pharmacological activity.
PubMed: Inhibitory effect of Ferula asafoetida L. (Umbelliferae) on Blastocystis sp. subtype 3 growth in vitro.
PubMed: Evaluation of the effect of Ferula asafoetida Linn. gum extract on learning and memory in Wistar rats.
PubMed: Dietary agents in the prevention of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicty: preclinical observations.
PubMed: Bait formulations of molluscicides and their effects on biochemical changes in the ovotestis of snail Lymnaea acuminata (Mollusca; Gastropoda:Lymnaeidae).
PubMed: Combination of molluscicides with attractant carbohydrates and amino acids in bait formulation against the snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed: Biological activity of some plant essential oils against Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae), an ectoparasitic mite of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae).
PubMed: Asimafoetidnol: a new sesquiterpenoid coumarin from the gum resin of Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed: Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of asafoetida (Ferula assa-foetida oleo-gum-resin)-a review.
PubMed: Galbanic acid, a cytotoxic sesquiterpene from the gum resin of Ferula asafoetida, blocks protein farnesyltransferase.
PubMed: Influenza A (H(1)N(1)) Antiviral and Cytotoxic Agents from Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed: Kinetics of enzyme inhibition by active molluscicidal agents ferulic acid, umbelliferone, eugenol and limonene in the nervous tissue of snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed: Development and evaluation of hepatoprotective polyherbal formulation containing some indigenous medicinal plants.
PubMed: Galbanic acid from Ferula szowitsiana enhanced the antibacterial activity of penicillin G and cephalexin against Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: A new ester isolated from Ferula assa-foetida L.
PubMed: Molluscicidal activity of Ferula asafoetida, Syzygium aromaticum and Carum carvi and their active components against the snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed: Larvicidal activity of plant extracts used alone and in combination with known synthetic larvicidal agents against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Antispasmodic and hypotensive effects of Ferula asafoetida gum extract.
PubMed: Chemomodulatory influence of Ferula asafoetida on mammary epithelial differentiation, hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, antioxidant profiles and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
PubMed: Sesquiterpene coumarins from the roots of Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed: Reversal of aflatoxin induced liver damage by turmeric and curcumin.
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