ferula assa-foetida gum
Notes:
Asafoetida or Asafetida is a natural oleoresin exuded from roots of a big plant, Ferula Asafoetida and other species of Ferula, a plant native to Iran and Afghanistan. The substance is a physiological product of the plant. When overground parts of the plant are cut off, a milky juice flows out and solidifies upon exposure to air. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it is a product which may contain resin acids and their esters, terpenes, and oxidation or polymerization products of these terpenes. (ferula, umbelliferae).
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      ASA FOETIDA Pur & Nat
       
 
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Name:ferula assa-foetida l. gum
CAS Number: 9000-04-8
ECHA EC Number:232-522-1
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
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FEMA Number:2107  asafetida gum
FDA Mainterm: ASAFETIDA, GUM (FERULA ASSAFOETIDA L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed:No
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type:garlic
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
Odor Description:
at 0.10 % in propylene glycol. 
asafetida
Taste Description:
asafetida
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
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Suppliers:
Aromaplant
Gum Asafoetida
Odor: Characteristic
Use: Gum Asafoetida is produced from a plant which is a member of the umbelliferous family named Ferula assa foetida which can grow to a height of 2 meters. Like Gulbanum, this gum is harvested exclusively in Iran and Afghanistan and was introduced to Europe in the 16th century. A characteristic of this product is its strong, garlic-like smell. The plant’s sap, which comes out after cutting the root, becomes a semi-liquid form after drying. This product is used for a series of applications.
Bristol Botanicals
Asafoetida gum powder Ferula asafoetida, Pakistan
Parchem
asafetida gum
Robertet
ASA FOETIDA
Pur & Nat
Crops calendar
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Safety Information:
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
  Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ferula assa-foetida gum flavor usage levels up to:
  160.0000 ppm in the finished product.
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Safety References:
Daily Med:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):9000-04-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
 ferula assa-foetida l. gum
Chemidplus:0009000048
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References:
 ferula assa-foetida l. gum
Canada Domestic Sub. List:9000-04-8
Pubchem (sid):135309999
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.90.0000
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 allyl propyl sulfideFL
 ferula assa-foetida fluid extractFL
 butyl ethyl disulfideFL
 diethyl disulfideFL
 diisopropyl sulfideFL
 diisopropyl trisulfideFL
 ethyl isothiocyanateFL
 furfuryl propyl disulfideFL
 allium sativum bulb extractFL
 garlic oil mexicoFL/FR
3-mercapto-2-methyl pentanalFL
4-methyl thiobutyraldehydeFL
4-methyl-3-thiazolineFL
3-thienyl mercaptanFL
 thiopheneFL
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Potential Uses:
 garlicFL
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 ferula asafoetida
GRIN Trop Picture
 ferula assa-foetida
GRIN Trop Picture
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Synonyms:
 asa foetida
 asafetida gum
 asafoetida gum
 assafetida gum
 ferula asafoetida gum
 ferula foetida gum
 gum asafoetida
 scorodosma foetidum gum
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Articles:
PubMed:Impact of Herbal Medicines like Nigella sativa, Trigonella foenum-graecum, and Ferula asafoetida, on Cytochrome P450 2C11 Gene Expression in Rat Liver.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of selected Iranian medicinal plants against a broad spectrum of pathogenic and drug multiresistant micro-organisms.
PubMed:The Relaxant Effect of Seed's Essential Oil and Oleo-Gum-Resin of Ferula Assa-Foetida on Isolated Rat's Ileum.
PubMed:Cytotoxic properties of some medicinal plant extracts from mazandaran, iran.
PubMed:Oleo gum resin of Ferula assa-foetida L. ameliorates peripheral neuropathy in mice.
PubMed:Relaxant effects of asafoetida extract and its constituent umbelliprenin on guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle.
PubMed:Double edged effect of gum-resin of ferula assa-foetida on lifespan of neurons.
PubMed:Double edged effect of gum-resin of ferula assa-foetida on lifespan of neurons.
PubMed:Tertiary combination of freeze-dried urine of Indian breeds of cow with plant products against snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Use of complementary and alternative medicine for children: a parents' perspective.
PubMed:Some like it pungent and vile. TRPA1 as a molecular target for the malodorous vinyl disulfides from asafoetida.
PubMed:Effects of Cymbopogon citratus and Ferula assa-foetida extracts on glutamate-induced neurotoxicity.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil obtained from Ferula assa-foetida oleo-gum-resin: effect of collection time.
PubMed:New claims in folk veterinary medicines from Uttar Pradesh, India.
PubMed:Ferula asafoetida: Traditional uses and pharmacological activity.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of Ferula asafoetida L. (Umbelliferae) on Blastocystis sp. subtype 3 growth in vitro.
PubMed:Evaluation of the effect of Ferula asafoetida Linn. gum extract on learning and memory in Wistar rats.
PubMed:Dietary agents in the prevention of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicty: preclinical observations.
PubMed:Bait formulations of molluscicides and their effects on biochemical changes in the ovotestis of snail Lymnaea acuminata (Mollusca; Gastropoda:Lymnaeidae).
PubMed:Combination of molluscicides with attractant carbohydrates and amino acids in bait formulation against the snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Biological activity of some plant essential oils against Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae), an ectoparasitic mite of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae).
PubMed:Asimafoetidnol: a new sesquiterpenoid coumarin from the gum resin of Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed:Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of asafoetida (Ferula assa-foetida oleo-gum-resin)-a review.
PubMed:Galbanic acid, a cytotoxic sesquiterpene from the gum resin of Ferula asafoetida, blocks protein farnesyltransferase.
PubMed:Influenza A (H(1)N(1)) Antiviral and Cytotoxic Agents from Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed:Kinetics of enzyme inhibition by active molluscicidal agents ferulic acid, umbelliferone, eugenol and limonene in the nervous tissue of snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Development and evaluation of hepatoprotective polyherbal formulation containing some indigenous medicinal plants.
PubMed:Galbanic acid from Ferula szowitsiana enhanced the antibacterial activity of penicillin G and cephalexin against Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:A new ester isolated from Ferula assa-foetida L.
PubMed:Molluscicidal activity of Ferula asafoetida, Syzygium aromaticum and Carum carvi and their active components against the snail Lymnaea acuminata.
PubMed:Larvicidal activity of plant extracts used alone and in combination with known synthetic larvicidal agents against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed:Antispasmodic and hypotensive effects of Ferula asafoetida gum extract.
PubMed:Chemomodulatory influence of Ferula asafoetida on mammary epithelial differentiation, hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, antioxidant profiles and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
PubMed:Sesquiterpene coumarins from the roots of Ferula assa-foetida.
PubMed:Reversal of aflatoxin induced liver damage by turmeric and curcumin.
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