ethyl maltol
 
Notes:
Flavour enhancer and flavouring agent, sweetener, 4-6 x potency of 3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one CNF60-X
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
2-ethyl-3-hydroxypyran-4-one (Click)
CAS Number: 4940-11-8Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 225-582-5
FDA UNII:L6Q8K29L05
Nikkaji Web: J35.389B
Beilstein Number: 1618110
MDL: MFCD00059795
FEMA Number: 3487
CoE Number: 692
XlogP3-AA: 0.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 140.13836000
Formula: C7 H8 O3
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor enhancers, flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1481  ethyl maltol
JECFA Food Additive: Ethyl Maltol
GSFA Codex: Ethyl maltol (637)
Flavis Number: 07.047 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 07.047  ethyl maltol
FEMA Number: 3487  ethyl maltol
FDA Mainterm: ETHYL MALTOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Heavey Metals: 0.002% MAX
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 89.00 to  93.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 289.00 to  290.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.000220 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: > 200.00 °F. TCC ( > 93.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.630
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol, 12%
 benzyl alcohol, 10%
 phenethyl alcohol 5%
 propylene glycol, 5.5%
 water, 2.423e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: caramellic
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 5.00 % solution or less
Odor Description:
at 5.00 % in benzyl alcohol. 
sweet caramel jam strawberry cotton candy
Substantivity: 360 Hour(s)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
  R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 22 - Do not breath dust.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
Human Experience: 10 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rat LD50  1150 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 15, Pg. 604, 1969.

oral-mouse LD50  780 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 15, Pg. 604, 1969.

oral-chicken LD50  1270 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 15, Pg. 604, 1969.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 805, 1975.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 910 mg/kg
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. Vol. 22, Pg. 1008, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor enhancers, flavoring agents
Recommendation for ethyl maltol usage levels up to:
  4.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1580.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 6692.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: II
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 10
Click here to view publication 10
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -152.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -12.40000
beverages(alcoholic): -18.60000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -83.00000
condiments / relishes: -15.00000
confectionery froastings: -139.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -144.00000
fruit ices: -144.00000
gelatins / puddings: -119.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: -19.60000
hard candy: -27.90000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: -15.00000
meat products: -19.60000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: -19.60000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 213: alpha,beta-Unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.7 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 83, Revision 1 (FGE.83Rev1): Consideration of ethyl maltol and two 6-keto-1,4-dioxane derivatives substances evaluated by JECFA (65th meeting)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 213, Revision 2 (FGE.213Rev2): Consideration of genotoxic potential for a,-unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.7 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 4940-11-8
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 21059
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany:3
 2-ethyl-3-hydroxypyran-4-one
Chemidplus: 0004940118
RTECS: UQ0840000 for cas# 4940-11-8
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 2-ethyl-3-hydroxypyran-4-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 4940-11-8
Pubchem (cid): 21059
Pubchem (sid): 134985580
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C20362
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31735
FooDB: FDB008403
Export Tariff Code: 2932.99.9090
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
acidic
acidic
 cyclohexyl acetic acidFL/FR
2-methyl-2-pentenoic acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
amber
 ambroxanFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
anisic
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
 dihydroanetholFL/FR
balsamic
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clover nitrileFR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketone acetateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
bready
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
buttery
 acetoinFL/FR
 acetyl propionylFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
2-isobutyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
 caramel pentadioneFL/FR
 coffee dioneFL/FR
 cycloteneFL/FR
 cyclotene hydrateFL/FR
 diethyl malateFL/FR
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl cyclopentenoloneFL/FR
5-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-oneFL/FR
 fenugreek absoluteFL/FR
 geranyl crotonateFR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 levulinic acidFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
 maple furanoneFL/FR
 menthone lactoneFL/FR
 mesitene lactoneFR
5-methyl furfuralFL/FR
isopropenyl pyrazineFL/FR
 rosefuranFL/FR
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
 strawberry furanone solutionFL/FR
 toffee furanoneFL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
citrus
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
coconut
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
coumarinic
 tonka bean resinoidFR
creamy
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
fermented
 ethyl (E)-2-crotonateFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
beta-damascenoneFL/FR
alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetateFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
beta-damasconeFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrateFR
(E)-ethyl tiglateFL/FR
trans-1-ethyl-2-methyl propyl 2-butenoateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
 psidium guajava pyrifera fruit extractFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl acetateFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
hay
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
 hay absoluteFR
herbal
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
(S)-campholene acetateFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
honey
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
licorice
(E)-anetholFL/FR
melon
 watermelon ketoneFR
mossy
 veramoss (IFF)FR
musty
3-acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furanFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl-3,5(or 6)-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
2,3-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
 alitame hydrate 
phenolic
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
popcorn
2-acetyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-acetyl pyridineFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
spicy
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
sweet
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
terpenic
 frankincense oilFL/FR
tonka
 coumarinFR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
vegetable
 tetrahydrofurfuryl alcoholFL/FR
waxy
 decyl acetateFL/FR
woody
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
 santallFR
 tobacarol (IFF)FR
 woody acetateFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 woody propanolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
2-acetyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyridineFL
 allyl 2-furoateFL
 benzyl disulfideFL
 diethyl malateFL/FR
2,5-diethyl tetrahydrofuranFL
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
trans-1-ethyl-2-methyl propyl 2-butenoateFL/FR
5-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-oneFL/FR
 furfuryl acetoneFL
 mango furanoneFL
 menthone lactoneFL/FR
 rosefuranFL/FR
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
beta-damasconeFL/FR
acidic
 levulinic acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
anise
(E)-anetholFL/FR
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketone acetateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
brown
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
5-methyl furfuralFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl acetateFL/FR
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
burnt
 furfuryl alcoholFL
isopropenyl pyrazineFL/FR
buttery
 diacetylFL
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
caramellic
 caramel furanoneFL
 caramel pentadioneFL/FR
 cycloteneFL/FR
 cyclotene hydrateFL/FR
5-ethyl-3,4,5,6-tetramethyl cyclohexen-2-oneFL
 fenugreek absoluteFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
 maple furanoneFL/FR
3-methyl butyl 2-furyl butyrateFL
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
 strawberry furanone solutionFL/FR
 toffee furanoneFL/FR
cherry
 heliotropinFL/FR
citrus
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
coconut
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
coffee
 coffee dioneFL/FR
2-thiophene thiolFL
corn chip
2-acetyl pyridineFL/FR
2-acetyl-2-thiazolineFL
creamy
 acetoinFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
2-methyl-4-pentenoic acidFL
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-undecadienalFL
2,4-undecadienalFL
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
alpha-damasconeFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
(E)-ethyl tiglateFL/FR
 furfuryl valerateFL
2-pentanoyl furanFL
 psidium guajava pyrifera fruit extractFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
green
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
2-isobutyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
2-(5-isopropyl-2-methyltetrahydro-2-thiophenyl)ethyl acetateFL
herbal
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 dihydroanetholFL/FR
5-hydroxymethyl furfuralFL
honey
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
jammy
(S)-campholene acetateFL/FR
 ethyl cyclopentenoloneFL/FR
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
lactonic
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
meaty
2-mercaptomethyl pyrazineFL
milky
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
musty
 ethyl (E)-2-crotonateFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
3-acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furanFL/FR
2-acetyl-3,5(or 6)-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
3,5(6)-cocoa pyrazineFL
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
2,3-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
 peanut oxazoleFL
 tetrahydrofurfuryl alcoholFL/FR
phenolic
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
powdery
 acetophenoneFL/FR
praline
 praline flavorFL
roasted
2-acetyl pyrazineFL/FR
rummy
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
sour
2-methyl-2-pentenoic acidFL/FR
spicy
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
sweet
 acesulfame potassiumFL
 alitame anhydrousFL
 alitame hydrate 
 aspartameFL
 aspartame-acesulfame saltFL
 caramel dioneFL
 cyclohexyl acetic acidFL/FR
dextro-sorbitolFL
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
toasted
 acetyl propionylFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 decyl acetateFL/FR
 furfuryl octanoateFL
 nonanolFL/FR
woody
 ambroxanFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
beta-damascenoneFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 amberFR
 bananaFR
 barleyFL
 beeswax cire d'abeilleFL/FR
 benzoin 
 berry jamFR
 breadFL
 butter rum 
 butterscotchFR
 cappuccinoFL
 caramelFL
 cherry blackFR
 chocolate cacao 
 christmas blendsFR
 coconutFR
 cookie 
 cotton candyFR
 cream ice cream 
 cream sodaFL
 dateFR
 durianFL
 egg nogFL
 elder berryFR
 elder flowerFR
 fenugreekFL/FR
 fir balsamFR
 fruit punch 
 fruit tropical fruit 
 gingerbreadFR
 graham crackerFR
 grass sweetFR
 heliotropeFR
 honey mielFR
 honeysuckle chevrefeuilleFR
 immortelle helichrysum everlastingFL/FR
 incenseFR
 jackfruitFL
 jam 
 labdanumFL/FR
 licoriceFR
 loganberry dewberryFR
 maltFR
 mangoFR
 mapleFR
 marshmallowFL
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 milk malted milk 
 molassesFL
 pineappleFR
 pralineFL
 pruneFR
 pumpkin pieFR
 raisinFR
 root beerFR
 sarsaparillaFL
 strawberryFR
 sugar brownFL
 sweet peaFR
 toasted 
 toffeeFR
 tonka beanFR
 tropicalFL
 valerianFL/FR
 vanillaFR
 wallflowerFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 EM-1 crystal grain
 EM-400 crystal grain
 ethyl maltol FCC
 ethyl maltol synthetic
 ethyl maltol USP/NF
2-ethyl pyromeconic acid
2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyrone
2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-4H-pyran-4-one
2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-pyran-4-one
2-ethyl-3-hydroxypyran-4-one
 ethylmaltol
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-1,4-pyrone
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-4-pyrone
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-4H-pyran-4-one
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-gamma-pyrone
4H-pyran-4-one, 2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
Info: maltol and related substances
PubMed: Determination of flavor enhancers in milk powder by one-step sample preparation and two-dimensional liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Simultaneous spectrophotometric kinetic determination of four flavor enhancers in foods with the aid of chemometrics.
PubMed: Rapid sample screening method for authenticity controlling vanilla flavors using a CE microchip approach with electrochemical detection.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants.
PubMed: Sensitization of Escherichia coli to nisin by maltol and ethyl maltol.
PubMed: Neonatal representation of odour objects: distinct memories of the whole and its parts.
PubMed: Differential memory persistence of odor mixture and components in newborn rabbits: competition between the whole and its parts.
PubMed: Determination of flavor enhancers in milk powder by one-step sample preparation and two-dimensional liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Evaluation and comparison of zinc absorption level from 2-Alkyle 3-Hydroxy pyranon-zinc complexes and zinc sulfate in rat in vivo.
PubMed: Electrosprayed core-shell polymer-lipid nanoparticles for active component delivery.
PubMed: Solution equilibria of anticancer ruthenium(II)-(η(6)-p-cymene)-hydroxy(thio)pyr(id)one complexes: impact of sulfur vs. oxygen donor systems on the speciation and bioactivity.
PubMed: The investigation of the binding behavior between ethyl maltol and human serum albumin by multi-spectroscopic methods and molecular docking.
PubMed: Experience influences elemental and configural perception of certain binary odour mixtures in newborn rabbits.
PubMed: Simultaneous spectrophotometric kinetic determination of four flavor enhancers in foods with the aid of chemometrics.
PubMed: Perceptual blending in odor mixtures depends on the nature of odorants and human olfactory expertise.
PubMed: Absorption, transport and insulin-mimetic properties of bis(maltolato)oxovanadium (IV) in streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats by integrated mass spectrometric techniques.
PubMed: Proportion of odorants impacts the configural versus elemental perception of a binary blending mixture in newborn rabbits.
PubMed: Rapid sample screening method for authenticity controlling vanilla flavors using a CE microchip approach with electrochemical detection.
PubMed: New lipophilic 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinonate iron(III) complexes: synthesis and EXAFS structural characterisation.
PubMed: Tris(pyronato)- and tris(pyridonato)-ruthenium(III) complexes and solution NMR studies.
PubMed: Vanadium complexes with mixed O,S anionic ligands derived from maltol: synthesis, characterization, and biological studies.
PubMed: Group 13 and lanthanide complexes with mixed O,S anionic ligands derived from maltol.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of vanadyl complexes with bidentate maltol-type ligands; in vivo comparisons of anti-diabetic therapeutic potential.
PubMed: Sensitization of Escherichia coli to nisin by maltol and ethyl maltol.
PubMed: Platelet labelling with indium-hydroxypyridinone and indium-hydroxypyranone complexes.
PubMed: Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography of non-transferrin-bound iron and some hydroxypyridone and hydroxypyrone chelators.
PubMed: Synthesis and iron(III) binding properties of 3-hydroxypyrid-4-ones derived from kojic acid.
PubMed: Absorption of iron from ferric hydroxypyranone complexes.
PubMed: Lead transport and binding by human erythrocytes in vitro.
PubMed: Zinc improves the filterability of sickle erythrocytes at intermediate oxygen partial pressures.
PubMed: Intracellular free zinc and zinc buffering in human red blood cells.
PubMed: Facilitated uptake of zinc into human erythrocytes. Relevance to the treatment of sickle-cell anaemia.
PubMed: Characteristics of iron(III) uptake by isolated fragments of rat small intestine in the presence of the hydroxypyrones, maltol and ethyl maltol.
PubMed: Effects of the pyrones, maltol and ethyl maltol, on iron absorption from the rat small intestine.
PubMed: Studies on passiflora incarnata dry extract. I. Isolation of maltol and pharmacological action of maltol and ethyl maltol.
PubMed: The metabolism of ethyl maltol and maltol in the dog.
PubMed: Toxicity studies with ethyl maltol.
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