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barley flavor

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Category:flavored products of all types
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Flavor Type: roasted
barley roasted barley grain toasted grain
Taste Description: barley
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
F&F Projects
Flavour & Fragrance Consultancy
Analytical and Development Services to the Flavour and Fragrance Industry.
barley flavor
Virginia Dare
Barley Flavor
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
flavored products of all types
Recommendation for barley flavor usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to barley soup Orzotto and protection of blood lipids from oxidative damage pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006
View page or View pdf

None found
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code:3302.10.0000
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
anise seed oil colombia
anise seed oil spain
ocimum basilicum herb oil egypt
butyl 2-butenoate
dimethyl hydroquinone
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
anise seed oil colombia
anise seed oil spain
ocimum basilicum herb oil egypt
dimethyl hydroquinone
dimethyl thiazole
butyl 2-butenoate
hesperidin dihydrochalcone
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 can be natural
 barley flavor


PubMed:A synergistic effect of pretreatment on cell wall structural changes in barley straw (Hordeum vulgare L.) for efficient bioethanol production.
PubMed:Rare allele of HvLox-1 associated with lipoxygenase activity in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).
PubMed:Flavour generation during commercial barley and malt roasting operations: a time course study.
PubMed:Early senescence of the oldest leaves of Fe-deficient barley plants may contribute to phytosiderophore release from the roots.
PubMed:Oligosaccharide and substrate binding in the starch debranching enzyme barley limit dextrinase.
PubMed:Rapid analysis of barley straw before and after dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment by photoluminescence.
PubMed:Ionomic responses and correlations between elements and metabolites under salt stress in wild and cultivated barley.
PubMed:Characterization of volatile aroma compounds in different brewing barley cultivars.
PubMed:Formulation of enzyme blends to maximize the hydrolysis of alkaline peroxide pretreated alfalfa hay and barley straw by rumen enzymes and commercial cellulases.
PubMed:Intake of Tibetan hull-less barley is associated with a reduced risk of metabolic related syndrome in rats fed high-fat-sucrose diets.
PubMed:Altering the rate of glucose release from starch-based foods by spray-drying with an extract from barley.
PubMed:Effect of dilute acid pretreatment on the conversion of barley straw with grains to fermentable sugars.
PubMed:Aroma-active ester profile of ale beer produced under different fermentation and nutritional conditions.
PubMed:Improved palatability and bio-functionality of super-hard rice by soaking in a barley-koji miso suspension.
PubMed:Enrichment of vanillin in barley malt by hydrolysis in high temperature and high pressure steam.
PubMed:Feeding behavior and performance of lambs are influenced by flavor diversity.
PubMed:On the interconnection of clusters and building blocks in barley amylopectin.
PubMed:Alcohol dehydrogenase 1 of barley modulates susceptibility to the parasitic fungus Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei.
PubMed:Xylitol production by genetically engineered Trichoderma reesei strains using barley straw as feedstock.
PubMed:Mechanisms of water transport mediated by PIP aquaporins and their regulation via phosphorylation events under salinity stress in barley roots.
PubMed:Subcellular analysis of starch metabolism in developing barley seeds using a non-aqueous fractionation method.
PubMed:Structure, expression profile and subcellular localisation of four different sucrose synthase genes from barley.
PubMed:Combined noninvasive imaging and modeling approaches reveal metabolic compartmentation in the barley endosperm.
PubMed:The role of alpha-glucosidase in germinating barley grains.
PubMed:δ(13) C of leaf-respired CO(2) reflects intrinsic water-use efficiency in barley.
PubMed:2D-HPLC and MALDI-TOF/TOF analysis of barley proteins glycated during brewing.
PubMed:Development of oat-based markers from barley and wheat microsatellites.
PubMed:Variability in the release of free and bound hydroxycinnamic acids from diverse malted barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars during wort production.
PubMed:Significance of light, sugar, and amino acid supply for diurnal gene regulation in developing barley caryopses.
PubMed:Hypoglycaemic action of stevioside and а barley and brewer's yeast based preparation in the experimental model on mice.
PubMed:Isolation of fungal cell wall degrading proteins from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves infected with Rhynchosporium secalis.
PubMed:Integration of succinic acid and ethanol production with potential application in a corn or barley biorefinery.
PubMed:Effects of worts treated with proteases on the assimilation of free amino acids and fermentation performance of lager yeast.
PubMed:A dynamic model for cellulosic biomass hydrolysis: a comprehensive analysis and validation of hydrolysis and product inhibition mechanisms.
PubMed:A quantitative structure-property relationship study of the release of some esters and alcohols from barley and oat beta-glucan matrices.
PubMed:Enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis: enzyme reusability and visualization of β-glucosidase immobilized in calcium alginate.
PubMed:42K analysis of sodium-induced potassium efflux in barley: mechanism and relevance to salt tolerance.
PubMed:Co-bombardment, integration and expression of rice chitinase and thaumatin-like protein genes in barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. Conlon).
PubMed:Regulation of alpha-galactosidase gene expression in primary foliage leaves of barley ( Hordeum vulgare L) during dark-induced senescence.
PubMed:Nuclear fusion leads to chromosome doubling during mannitol pretreatment of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) microspores.
PubMed:5'-Phosphodiesterase (5'-PDE) from germinated barley for hydrolysis of RNA to produce flavour nucleotides.
PubMed:The influence of pretreatment on cell stage progression and the time of DNA synthesis in barley ( Hordeum vulgare L) uninucleate microspores.
PubMed:PM19, a barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) gene encoding a putative plasma membrane protein, is expressed during embryo development and dormancy.
PubMed:Dynamic ¹³C/¹ H NMR imaging uncovers sugar allocation in the living seed.
PubMed:Influence of Fe concentration in the medium on multicellular pollen grains and haploid plants induced by mannitol pretreatment in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).
PubMed:Mature embryo axis-based high frequency somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from multiple cultivars of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).
PubMed:Effect of root perturbation and excision on nitrate influx and efflux in barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings.
PubMed:Characterization of a methyljasmonate-inducible lipoxygenase from barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. Salome) leaves.
PubMed:Acid-catalyzed hydrothermal severity on the fractionation of agricultural residues for xylose-rich hydrolyzates.
PubMed:Effects of graded levels of potato by-products in barley- and corn-based beef feedlot diets: II. Palatability.
PubMed:Determination of the flavor attributes of cooked beef from cross-bred Angus steers fed corn- or barley-based diets.
PubMed:Two isoforms of a nucleotide-sugar pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase from barley leaves (Hordeum vulgare L.) are distinct oligomers of HvGLP1, a germin-like protein.
PubMed:Biotransformation of hop-derived monoterpene alcohols by lager yeast and their contribution to the flavor of hopped beer.
PubMed:Metabolism of diclofenac in plants--hydroxylation is followed by glucose conjugation.
PubMed:Effect of modification of the kilning regimen on levels of free ferulic acid and antioxidant activity in malt.
PubMed:Palatability of wethers fed an 80% barley diet processed at different ages and of yearling wethers grazed on native range.
PubMed:Parents lend a helping hand to their offspring in plant defence.
PubMed:Fractionation of wheat and barley straw to access high-molecular-mass hemicelluloses prior to ethanol production.
PubMed:Production of isomaltooligosaccharides from banana flour.
PubMed:Effect of halotolerant starter microorganisms on chemical characteristics of fermented chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) sauce.
PubMed:Enzymatic hydrogenation of trans-2-nonenal in barley.
PubMed:A role for phosphorylation in the regulation of the barley scutellar peptide transporter HvPTR1 by amino acids.
PubMed:Effect of adding and removing N-glycosylation recognition sites on the thermostability of barley alpha-glucosidase.
PubMed:Comparison of barley, hull-less barley, and corn in the concentrate of dairy cows.
PubMed:Influence of flame roasting and feeding frequency of barley on performance of dairy cows.
PubMed:Mobility of boron-polyol complexes in the hemiparasitic association between Rhinanthus minor and Hordeum vulgare: the effects of nitrogen nutrition.
PubMed:A novel WRKY transcription factor, SUSIBA2, participates in sugar signaling in barley by binding to the sugar-responsive elements of the iso1 promoter.
PubMed:Barley anther culture: assessment of carbohydrate effects on embryo yield, green plant production and differential plastid development in relation with albinism.
PubMed:Correlation of malt quality parameters and beer flavor stability: multivariate analysis.
PubMed:Safety of barley starch syrup in patients with allergy to cereals.
PubMed:Characterization of 9-fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase-like activity in germinating barley seeds that transforms 9(S)-hydroperoxy-10(E),12(Z)-octadecadienoic acid into 2(E)-nonenal.
PubMed:Effect of ethanol in feed on milk flavor and chemical composition.
PubMed:Auxin-induced elongation growth and expressions of cell wall-bound exo- and endo-beta-glucanases in barley coleoptiles.
PubMed:Effect of dark pretreatment on the kinetics of response of barley pulvini to gravistimulation and hormones.
PubMed:Overexpression, purification, and characterization of a barley alpha-glucosidase secreted by Pichia pastoris.
PubMed:Enzymatic method for measuring starch gelatinization in dry products in situ.
PubMed:Binding interactions between barley thaumatin-like proteins and (1,3)-beta-D-glucans. Kinetics, specificity, structural analysis and biological implications.
PubMed:Relationships between antioxidant activity, color, and flavor compounds of crystal malt extracts.
PubMed:Effects of feeding corn or barley on composition of milk and diet digestibility.
PubMed:Transcript profiles and deduced changes of metabolic pathways in maternal and filial tissues of developing barley grains.
PubMed:Identification of a vacuolar sucrose transporter in barley and Arabidopsis mesophyll cells by a tonoplast proteomic approach.
PubMed:Sugars regulate cold-induced gene expression and freezing-tolerance in barley cell cultures.
PubMed:Glucose and disaccharide-sensing mechanisms modulate the expression of alpha-amylase in barley embryos.
PubMed:Extracellular beta-glucosidase activity in barley involved in the hydrolysis of ABA glucose conjugate in leaves.
PubMed:Expression of a functional barley sucrose-fructan 6-fructosyltransferase in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris.
PubMed:The effect of cold acclimation on the water relations and freezing tolerance of Hordeum vulgare L.
PubMed:Effects of supplemental fat on growth performance and quality of beef from steers fed barley-potato product finishing diets: I. Feedlot performance, carcass traits, appearance, water binding, retail storage, and palatability attributes.
PubMed:Androgenic response to preculture stress in microspore cultures of barley.
PubMed:Authentication of beef production systems using a metabolomic-based approach.
PubMed:Evaluation of minimal Trichoderma reesei cellulase mixtures on differently pretreated Barley straw substrates.
PubMed:Fructan accumulation induced by nitrogen deficiency in barley leaves correlates with the level of sucrose:fructan 6-fructosyltransferase mRNA.
PubMed:Genetic transformation of barley microspores using anther bombardment.
PubMed:Three-dimensional structure of a barley beta-D-glucan exohydrolase, a family 3 glycosyl hydrolase.
PubMed:Les Maîtres de l'Orge: the proteome content of your beer mug.
PubMed:The influence of barley stripe mosaic virus on the replication of tobacco mosaic virus in Hordeum vulgare L.
PubMed:Utilization of fermented barley extract obtained from a by-product of barley shochu for nisin production.
PubMed:Effect of barley coffee on the adhesive properties of oral streptococci.
PubMed:Metabolic consequences of susceptibility and resistance (race-specific and broad-spectrum) in barley leaves challenged with powdery mildew.
PubMed:Involvement of individual subsites and secondary substrate binding sites in multiple attack on amylose by barley alpha-amylase.
PubMed:Glucose repression of alpha-amylase in barley embryos is independent of GAMYB transcription.
PubMed:Analyses of isoamylase gene activity in wild-type barley indicate its involvement in starch synthesis.
PubMed:Developmental, stress and ABA modulation of mRNA levels for bZip transcription factors and Vp1 in barley embryos and embryo-derived suspension cultures.
PubMed:Compositional variations for alpha-galactosides in different species of leguminosae, brassicaceae, and barley: a chemotaxonomic study based on chemometrics and high-performance capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Several thaumatin-like proteins bind to beta-1,3-glucans.
PubMed:Sucrose transport into barley seeds: molecular characterization of two transporters and implications for seed development and starch accumulation.
PubMed:Efficiency of new fungal cellulase systems in boosting enzymatic degradation of barley straw lignocellulose.
PubMed:Glucose and L-lactate metabolism in pregnant and in lactating ewes fed barley- or ground maize-based diets.
PubMed:Barley malt-alpha-amylase. Purification, action pattern, and subsite mapping of isozyme 1 and two members of the isozyme 2 subfamily using p-nitrophenylated maltooligosaccharide substrates.
PubMed:The large subunit determines catalytic specificity of barley sucrose:fructan 6-fructosyltransferase and fescue sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase.
PubMed:Modulating influence of barley on the altered metabolism of glucose and of basement membranes in the diabetic rat.
PubMed:Cadmium translocation and accumulation in developing barley grains.
PubMed:Influence of anther pretreatment on the efficiency of androgenesis in barley.
PubMed:Metabolic profiling of oxylipins upon sorbitol treatment in barley leaves.
PubMed:Evaluation of the effect of malt, wheat and barley extracts on the viability of potentially probiotic lactic acid bacteria under acidic conditions.
PubMed:The effect of sucrose on the rate of de novo sucrose biosynthesis in leaf protoplasts from spinach, wheat and barley.
PubMed:Feeding value of poultry by-products extruded with cassava, barley, and wheat middlings for broiler chicks: the effect of ensiling poultry by-products as a preservation method prior to extrusion.
PubMed:Fructosans of barley.
PubMed:The crystal structure of the sevenfold mutant of barley beta-amylase with increased thermostability at 2.5 A resolution.
PubMed:Effects of substrate loading on enzymatic hydrolysis and viscosity of pretreated barley straw.
PubMed:Amylose chain behavior in an interacting context. III. Complete occupancy of the AMY2 barley alpha-amylase cleft and comparison with biochemical data.
PubMed:Performance of single comb White Leghorn layers fed corn-soybean meal and barley-corn-soybean meal diets supplemented with a direct-fed microbial.
PubMed:Localization of an O-glycosylated site in the recombinant barley alpha-amylase 1 produced in yeast and correction of the amino acid sequence using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry of peptide mixtures.
PubMed:Changes in preferences of gestating heifers fed untreated or ammoniated straw in different flavors.
PubMed:A survey of β-glucan and arabinoxylan content in wheat.
PubMed:Apoptosis in developing anthers and the role of ABA in this process during androgenesis in Hordeum vulgare L.
PubMed:Lactose-hydrolyzing beta-glycosidases of barley meal.
PubMed:Indigestion in young calves. II. The influence of ground barley, coarse and fine hay.
PubMed:Gastric emptying of barley-soya-bean diets in the pig: effects of feeding level, supplementary maize oil, sucrose or cellulose, and water intake.
PubMed:Callus formation versus differentiation of cultured barley embryos: hormonal and osmotic interactions.
PubMed:Biosensor reporting of root exudation from Hordeum vulgare in relation to shoot nitrate concentration.
PubMed:Increasing sucrose uptake capacity of wheat grains stimulates storage protein synthesis.
PubMed:Food preference and acceptance of novel foods by lambs depend on the composition of the basal diet.
PubMed:Effects of grain source and enzyme additive on site and extent of nutrient digestion in dairy cows.
PubMed:Physical and sensory characterization and consumer preference of corn and barley-fed beef.
PubMed:Changes in denitrifier abundance, denitrification gene mRNA levels, nitrous oxide emissions, and denitrification in anoxic soil microcosms amended with glucose and plant residues.
PubMed:Identification of aroma active compounds of cereal coffee brew and its roasted ingredients.
PubMed:Preference of sheep for foods varying in flavors and nutrients.
PubMed:Beer-induced pancreatic enzyme secretion: characterization of some signaling pathways and of the responsible nonalcoholic compounds.
PubMed:Factors related to colonic fermentation of nondigestible carbohydrates of a previous evening meal increase tissue glucose uptake and moderate glucose-associated inflammation.
PubMed:Transport activity of rice sucrose transporters OsSUT1 and OsSUT5.
PubMed:Lactose in diet influences the degradation of mixed linked β(1-3;1-4)-D-glucan in the small intestine of pigs.
PubMed:Effect of low voltage electrical stimulation on the distribution of cathepsin D and the palatability of the Longissimus dorsi from Holstein veal calves fed a corn or barley diet.
PubMed:How herbivores track variable environments: Response to variability of phytotoxins.
PubMed:Electron flow to photosystem I from stromal reductants in vivo: the size of the pool of stromal reductants controls the rate of electron donation to both rapidly and slowly reducing photosystem I units.
PubMed:Preference for flavoured foods by lambs conditioned with intraruminal administration of nitrogen.
PubMed:Sweet delivery - sugar translocators as ports of entry for antisense oligodeoxynucleotides in plant cells.
PubMed:Sucrose synthase catalyzes the de novo production of ADPglucose linked to starch biosynthesis in heterotrophic tissues of plants.
PubMed:Influence of dietary carbohydrates and glycaemic response on subjective appetite and food intake in healthy elderly persons.
PubMed:Carbohydrate fermentation decreases hepatic glucose output in healthy subjects.
PubMed:Do starch statoliths act as the gravisensors in cereal grass pulvini?
PubMed:The relationship between induction of embryogenesis and chromosome doubling in microspore cultures.
PubMed:Glucose modulates the abscisic acid-inducible Rab16A gene in cereal embryos.
PubMed:Relationships between the addition rates of cellulase or glucose and silage fermentation at different temperatures.
PubMed:Seed development and differentiation: a role for metabolic regulation.
PubMed:myo-Inositol and sucrose concentrations affect the accumulation of raffinose family oligosaccharides in seeds.
PubMed:Signal peptide homology between the sweet protein thaumatin II and unrelated cereal alpha-amylase/trypsin inhibitors.
PubMed:Phenolic content, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of selected natural sweeteners available on the Polish market.
PubMed:A herbicide antidote (safener) induces the activity of both the herbicide detoxifying enzyme and of a vacuolar transporter for the detoxified herbicide.
PubMed:Influence of level of concentrate allocation and fermentability of forage fiber on chewing behavior and production of dairy cows.
PubMed:The effect of carbohydrate source on nitrogen capture in dairy cows on pasture.
PubMed:Transplanting two unique beta-glucanase catalytic activities into one multienzyme, which forms glucose.
PubMed:In vitro digestion characteristics of unprocessed and processed whole grains and their components.
PubMed:Effects of wheat dried distillers' grains with solubles and cinnamaldehyde on in vitro fermentation and protein degradation using the Rusitec technique.
PubMed:Catalytic mechanisms and reaction intermediates along the hydrolytic pathway of a plant beta-D-glucan glucohydrolase.
PubMed:Plant growth regulation activity of steviol and derivatives.
PubMed:An important pool of sucrose linked to starch biosynthesis is taken up by endocytosis in heterotrophic cells.
PubMed:Effects of a proteolytic feed enzyme on intake, digestion, ruminal fermentation, and milk production.
PubMed:Effects of various glucogenic sources on production and metabolic responses of dairy cows fed grass silage-based diets.
PubMed:Comparison of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometric to enzyme colorimetric quantification of glucose from enzyme-hydrolyzed starch.
PubMed:Effect of protein source on amino acid supply, milk production, and metabolism of plasma nutrients in dairy cows fed grass silage.
PubMed:In vitro interactions of the aphid endosymbiotic SymL chaperonin with barley yellow dwarf virus.
PubMed:Fecal streptococci on barley and malt kernels and instant malted milk powder.
PubMed:A cell-free system for the study of alpha-amylase synthesis in barley aleurone layers.
PubMed:Mutational analysis of the active center of plant fructosyltransferases: Festuca 1-SST and barley 6-SFT.
PubMed:The physical form of a barley grain and barley straw diet and nitrogen metabolism in sheep.
PubMed:Dietary supplementation with nonconventional feeds from the Middle East: assessing the effects on physicochemical and organoleptic properties of Awassi sheep milk and yogurt.
PubMed:Influence of the brewing process on furfuryl ethyl ether formation during beer aging.
PubMed:Down-regulation of linear and activation of cyclic electron transport during drought.
PubMed:Optimization of production of monacolin K from gamma-irradiated Monascus mutant by use of response surface methodology.
PubMed:Dietary cation-anion difference and the health and production of pasture-fed dairy cows. 1. Dairy cows in early lactation.
PubMed:The effect of two sucrose diets on formation of dentin and predentin in growing rats.
PubMed:Different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae differ in their effects on ruminal bacterial numbers in vitro and in sheep.
PubMed:Biochemical, physiological, and molecular characterization of sucrose synthase from Daucus carota.
PubMed:Influence of supplemental protein source and feeding frequency on rumen fermentation and performance in dairy cows.
PubMed:Simultaneous production of glucoamylase and acid-stable alpha-amylase using novel submerged culture of Aspergillus kawachii NBRC4308.
PubMed:Chemoenzymatic synthesis of branched oligo- and polysaccharides as potential substrates for starch active enzymes.
PubMed:Effects of casein and glucose on responses of cows fed diets based on restrictively fermented grass silage.
PubMed:Effect of dietary carbohydrate composition and availability on utilization of ruminal ammonia nitrogen for milk protein synthesis in dairy cows.
PubMed:Oligomerization status, with the monomer as active species, defines catalytic efficiency of UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase.
PubMed:Effect of the glycemic index and content of indigestible carbohydrates of cereal-based breakfast meals on glucose tolerance at lunch in healthy subjects.
PubMed:Purification and characterisation of crystalline -amylase from barley.
PubMed:Glucose entry rates in sheep given diets of barley, dried grass or hay.
PubMed:Effect of kinetin on the level of reducing sugars in barley leaves.
PubMed:Inhibition of barley malt alpha-glucosidase by Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane and erythritol.
PubMed:[Sucrose hydrolysis and glucose absorption by isolated barley embryos].
PubMed:[Behavior of various enzyme systems of barley seed].
PubMed:Purification and antigenicity of three isolates of barley yellow dwarf virus.
PubMed:The formation of uridine diphosphate-glucuronic acid in plants. Uridine diphosphate-glucuronic acid pyrophosphorylase from barley seedlings.
PubMed:Viral and host RNA synthesis in BSMV-infected barley.
PubMed:Influence of grain processing on in vitro enzymatic starch digestion of barley and sorghum grain.
PubMed:Culture methods and detection of glucanases in suspension cultures of wheat and barley.
PubMed:Randomization of the carbon atoms in glucose and fructose during their metabolism in barley seedlings.
PubMed:Extreme variations in the ratios of non-synonymous to synonymous nucleotide substitution rates in signal peptide evolution.
PubMed:Glycaemic index and glycaemic load of selected popular foods consumed in Southeast Asia.
PubMed:Comparison on the fatty acid profiles of liver, subcutaneous fat and muscle from feedlot steers finished on diets supplemented with or without cinnamaldehyde or monensin.
PubMed:Effects of ruminal doses of sucrose, lactose, and corn starch on ruminal fermentation and expression of genes in ruminal epithelial cells.
PubMed:Effects of conjugated linoleic acid supplementation and feeding level on dairy performance, milk fatty acid composition, and body fat changes in mid-lactation goats.
PubMed:How sweet it is: identification of vacuolar sucrose transporters.
PubMed:Effects of supplemental fat on growth performance and quality of beef from steers fed corn finishing diets.
PubMed:Cyclitols protect glutamine synthetase and malate dehydrogenase against heat induced deactivation and thermal denaturation.
PubMed:Various grain substrates for the production of fruiting bodies and bioactive compounds of the medicinal caterpillar mushroom, Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes).
PubMed:Comparison of different ionic liquids pretreatment for corn stover enzymatic saccharification.
PubMed:Combinatorial effects of distillery and sugar factory effluents in crop plants.
PubMed:Microbiota during fermentation of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) sauce mash inoculated with halotolerant microbial starters: analyses using the plate count method and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE).
PubMed:TaEIL1, a wheat homologue of AtEIN3, acts as a negative regulator in the wheat-stripe rust fungus interaction.
PubMed:Nutrient-specific preferences by lambs conditioned with intraruminal infusions of starch, casein, and water.
PubMed:Epithelial response to high-grain diets involves alteration in nutrient transporters and Na+/K+-ATPase mRNA expression in rumen and colon of goats.
PubMed:Peroxisomal carnitine acetyl transferase is required for elaboration of penetration hyphae during plant infection by Magnaporthe grisea.
PubMed:Growing rate of gain on subsequent feedlot performance, meat, and carcass quality of beef steers.
PubMed:Separation of thylakoid membrane proteins by sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation or blue native-SDS-PAGE two-dimensional electrophoresis.
PubMed:TaMYB13 is a transcriptional activator of fructosyltransferase genes involved in β-2,6-linked fructan synthesis in wheat.
PubMed:[Highly molassed sugar beef pulp in ruminant's nutrition. I. Composition, compatibility, digestibility of a diet containing high ratios of highly molassed sugar beef pulp, and its physiological effects on ruminal metabolism of the sheep (author's transl)].
PubMed:Production disease control: three dairy herd case studies in NE Scotland.
PubMed:A viscometric assay for pullulanase-type, debranching enzymes.
PubMed:The effect of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on nutrient intake, digestibility and finishing performance of lambs fed a diet based on dried molasses sugar beet-pulp.
PubMed:The biosynthetic pathway of vitamin C in higher plants.
PubMed:Analysis and significance of gravity-induced asymmetric growth in the grass leaf-sheath pulvinus.
PubMed:A new improved method for the assay of endo-beta-1,3-glucanase.
PubMed:The effect of frequency of feeding and of the dietary energy source upon microbial protein synthesis in the rumen of sheep [proceedings].
PubMed:A review of bloat in cattle.
PubMed:The influence of dietary protein upon blood composition in dairy cows.
PubMed:Reed canary grass as a feedstock for 2nd generation bioethanol production.
PubMed:A soluble acid invertase is directed to the vacuole by a signal anchor mechanism.
PubMed:Tempeh: a mold-modified indigenous fermented food made from soybeans and/or cereal grains.
PubMed:Some thaumatin-like proteins hydrolyse polymeric beta-1,3-glucans.
PubMed:Effects of glucose, propionic acid, and nonessential amino acids on glucose metabolism and milk yield in Holstein dairy cows.
PubMed:Properties of duck meat sausages supplemented with cereal flours.
PubMed:The FgHOG1 pathway regulates hyphal growth, stress responses, and plant infection in Fusarium graminearum.
PubMed:A member of the mitogen-activated protein 3-kinase family is involved in the regulation of plant vacuolar glucose uptake.
PubMed:Banana as adjunct in beer production: applicability and performance of fermentative parameters.
PubMed:Ferulic acid release and 4-vinylguaiacol formation during brewing and fermentation: indications for feruloyl esterase activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Characterization of factors that transform linoleic acid into di- and trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids in mash.
PubMed:Seed 1-cysteine peroxiredoxin antioxidants are not involved in dormancy, but contribute to inhibition of germination during stress.
PubMed:Arabidopsis sucrose transporter AtSUC9. High-affinity transport activity, intragenic control of expression, and early flowering mutant phenotype.
PubMed:The effect of fermented apple diet supplementation on the growth performance and meat quality in finishing pigs.
PubMed:Prospects for using nonconventional feeds in diets for Awassi dairy sheep in Syria.
PubMed:Vinasse added to the concentrate for fattening lambs: intake, animal performance, and carcass and meat characteristics.
PubMed:Study of the intercellular fluid of healthy Lupinus albus organs. Presence of a chitinase and a thaumatin-like protein.
PubMed:Abscisic acid-induced secretory proteins in suspension-cultured cells of winter wheat.
PubMed:Cinnamaldehyde in feedlot cattle diets: intake, growth performance, carcass characteristics, and blood metabolites.
PubMed:[Isomeric trihydroxy-octadecenoic acids in beer: Evidence for their presence and quantitative determination (author's transl)].
PubMed:Dose response to cinnamaldehyde supplementation in growing beef heifers: ruminal and intestinal digestion.
PubMed:An evaluation of the acidogenic potential of maltodextrins in vivo.
PubMed:Characterization of a pathogenesis-related thaumatin-like protein gene TaPR5 from wheat induced by stripe rust fungus.
PubMed:Cognitive performance is associated with glucose regulation in healthy elderly persons and can be enhanced with glucose and dietary carbohydrates.
PubMed:Histomonas meleagridis (Protozoa: Trichomonadidae): analysis of growth requirements in vitro.
PubMed:Reduction of fumonisin B1 in extruded corn breakfast cereals with salt, malt and sugar in their formulation.
PubMed:Supplementation with plant extracts (carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde and capsaicin): its effects on acid-base status and productive performance in growing/finishing bull calves.
PubMed:Positively selected disease response orthologous gene sets in the cereals identified using Sorghum bicolor L. Moench expression profiles and comparative genomics.
PubMed:Hymenolepis diminuta: glucose and glycogen gradients in the adult tapeworm.
PubMed:Use of protease inhibitors for detecting autophagy in plants.
PubMed:Effect of safflower oil, flaxseed oil, monensin, and vitamin E on concentration of conjugated linoleic acid in bovine milk fat.
PubMed:Glucose and protein metabolism during late pregnancy in triplet-bearing ewes given fresh forages ad lib. 1. Voluntary intake and birth weight.
PubMed:Comparison of measurements of glucose flux rates in wethers and in pregnant and lactating ewes using C14 and H3 labelled tracers.
PubMed:Effects of dietary glucogenic precursors and fat on feed intake and carbohydrate status of transition dairy cows.
PubMed:Glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide secretion in response to nutrient ingestion in man: acute post-prandial and 24-h secretion patterns.
PubMed:Effects of a new molasses byproduct, concentrated separator byproduct, on nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation in cattle.
PubMed:Inhibition of glycosidases by aldonolactones of corresponding configuration. The specificity of alpha-L-arabinosidase.
PubMed:Multiple specificity of human serum dextran-binding immunoglobulin: alpha (1-->6)- and beta (1-->3)-linked glucose and alpha (1-->3)-linked galactose in natural glycoconjugates are recognized.
PubMed:AtATG genes, homologs of yeast autophagy genes, are involved in constitutive autophagy in Arabidopsis root tip cells.
PubMed:Effects of alfalfa extract, anise, capsicum, and a mixture of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol on ruminal fermentation and protein degradation in beef heifers fed a high-concentrate diet.
PubMed:Effect of milking frequency and diet on milk production, energy balance, and reproduction in dairy cows.
PubMed:Effect of long-term feed restriction on seasonal endocrine changes in soay sheep.
PubMed:Effects of resalination on intestinal glucose transport in chickens adapted to low Na+ intakes.
PubMed:Na/D-glucose cotransport and SGLT1 expression in hen colon correlates with dietary Na+.
PubMed:Molecular cloning and characterization of six cDNAs expressed during glucose starvation in excised maize (Zea mays L.) root tips.
PubMed:Dietary components of malt extract such as maltodextrins, proteins and inorganic salts have distinct effects on glucose uptake and glycogen concentrations in rats.
PubMed:Factors affecting the voluntary intake of food by sheep. 6. The effect of monosodium glutamate on the palatability of straw diets by sham-fed and normal animals.
PubMed:Beta 1,4-oligoglucosides inhibit the binding of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia to human monocytes.
PubMed:Cloning and sequence of the Salmonella typhimurium hemL gene and identification of the missing enzyme in hemL mutants as glutamate-1-semialdehyde aminotransferase.
PubMed:Cloning and characterization of the beta-amylase gene from Bacillus polymyxa.
PubMed:Effect of dietary cereals on intestinal permeability in experimental enteropathy in rats.
PubMed:Effect of intravenous supplements of L-methionine on milk yield and composition in cows given silage-cereal diets.
PubMed:[The contribution of betaine and glutamic acid to nitrogen digestion and balance during feeding of vinasse to growing pigs].
PubMed:Influence of carbohydrate source on liver fat accumulation in hens.
PubMed:A novel connection between nucleotide and carbohydrate metabolism in mitochondria: sugar regulation of the Arabidopsis nucleoside diphosphate kinase 3a gene.
PubMed:Constitutive autophagy in plant root cells.
PubMed:Gene cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a bi-functional beta-D-xylosidase/alpha-L-arabinosidase from Sulfolobus solfataricus involved in xylan degradation.
PubMed:Production, purification, and biochemical characterization of two beta-glucosidases from Sclerotinia sclerotiorum.
PubMed:Chemoenzymatic syntheses of linear and branched hemithiomaltodextrins as potential inhibitors for starch-debranching enzymes.
PubMed:Growth, carcass characteristics, muscle conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content, and response to intravenous glucose challenge in high percentage Wagyu, Wagyu x Limousin, and Limousin steers fed sunflower oil-containing diet.
PubMed:Effects of abomasal infusions of histidine, glucose, and leucine on milk production and plasma metabolites of dairy cows fed grass silage diets.
PubMed:Diet-related adaptation of the small intestine at weaning in pigs is functional rather than structural.
PubMed:Starch digestion rate in the small intestine of broiler chickens differs among feedstuffs.
PubMed:Importance of enzyme purity and activity in the measurement of total dietary fiber and dietary fiber components.
PubMed:Transgenic potato tubers accumulate high levels of 1-kestose and nystose: functional identification of a sucrose sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase of artichoke (Cynara scolymus) blossom discs.
PubMed:Starch utilization by ruminants: from basics to the bunk.
PubMed:A novel family 9 endoglucanase gene (celD), whose product cleaves substrates mainly to glucose, and its adjacent upstream homolog (celE) from Fibrobacter succinogenes S85.
PubMed:The effect of sucrose supplements on particle-associated carboxymethylcellulase (EC and xylanase (EC activities in cattle given grass-silage-based diet.
PubMed:Duodenal infusion of fat, cholecystokinin secretion and satiety in the pig.
PubMed:Glycosyl ureides in ruminant nutrition. 3. In vivo studies on the metabolism of glycosyl ureides and corresponding mixtures of their free component molecules.
PubMed:[Effects of the presence of hydrolyzed amides in the diets of weaned piglets on the digestive utilization of various nutrients].
PubMed:Studies on digestion and absorption in the intestines of growing pigs. 7. Measurements of the flow of total carbohydrate, total reducing substances and glucose.
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