BT

Typical G.C. analysis

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
240.40trans- carveol
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
51.001,8- cineole
210.50  citronellol
300.10ar- curcumene
14trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
330.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
280.10alpha- fenchol
1839.80  geranial
261.40  geranic acid
253.30  geraniol
200.70  geranyl acetate
230.20  geranyl isobutyrate
40.20  limonene
101.30  linalool
80.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.20  menthone
170.60  methyl geranate
62.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.80  myrcene
130.30  myrtenyl acetate
1632.00  neral
270.10  neric acid
190.50  neryl acetate
11trace  octanal
9trace3- octanol
10.40alpha- pinene
290.30iso pulegol
150.90  pulegone
30.10alpha- terpinene
220.402- undecanone

A. Il. Idrissi, J. Bellakhbar, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R. Vila, Composition de L'huile essentielle de la citronelle (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.) acclimatee et Maroc. Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 274-277 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
30trace-0.10(E)-para-mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandula angustifolia flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.20  borneol
 0.20  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 1.15  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.14  caryophyllene oxide
 3.951,8- cineole
 0.19  coumarin
 0.13para- cymene
 0.68  ethyl amyl ketone
 1.92(E)-beta- farnesene
 4.55  geraniol
 0.08  geranyl acetate
 0.07  hexanol
 2.87  lavandulol
 1.28  limonene
 58.86  linalool
 0.61(E)- linalool oxide
 0.76(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.11  linalyl acetate
 0.07  myrcene
 1.44  nerol
 0.20  neryl acetate
 0.313- octanol
 0.25beta- pinene
 0.06alpha- santalene
 6.68  terpinen-4-ol
 6.06alpha- terpineol
 0.05  terpinolene
lavandula angustifolia herb oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
195.50  camphor
60.04delta-3- carene
242.15beta- caryophyllene
310.15  caryophyllene oxide
913.101,8- cineole
130.09para- cymene
300.45  geranyl acetate
280.80  germacrene D
260.25alpha- humulene
253.09  lavandulol
2316.01  lavandulyl acetate
80.25  limonene
2020.18  linalool
180.06(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2118.60  linalyl acetate
70.45  myrcene
290.87  neryl acetate
122.84(E)-beta- ocimene
103.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.083- octanol
170.531- octen-3-ol
20.58alpha- pinene
40.25beta- pinene
50.08  sabinene
221.05  terpinen-4-ol
110.07gamma- terpinene
271.29alpha-terpineol + borneol
140.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene

K. Adam, A. Sivropoulou, S. Kokkini, T. Lanaras and M. Arsenakis, Antifungal activities of Origanum vulgare subsp. hiritum, Mentha spicata, Lavandula angustifolia and Salvia fruticosa essential oils against human pathogenic fungi. J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1739-1745 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula hydrida flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.35  borneol
 0.09  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 0.81  camphor
 0.10  caryophyllene
 1.571,8- cineole
 0.08  coumarin
 0.10  cryptone
 0.10(Z)-ortho-cymene
 0.08  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.17(E)-beta- farnesene
 5.25  geraniol
 0.10  geranyl acetate
 0.10  hexanol
 1.36  lavandulol
 0.57  limonene
 68.49  linalool
 0.64(E)- linalool oxide
 0.80(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.12  linalyl acetate
 0.09  myrcene
 1.69  nerol
 0.06  neryl acetate
 0.063- octanol
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- santalene
 4.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05gamma- terpinene
 8.98alpha- terpineol
lippia citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
460.5allo- aromadendrene
280.4  bornyl butyrate
430.8beta- bourbonene
480.1delta- cadinene
500.6gamma- cadinene
590.9T- cadinol
410.1  carvacrol
320.4trans- carveol
400.8  carvone
450.4beta- caryophyllene
52traceiso caryophyllene
555.5  caryophyllene oxide
581.0iso caryophyllene oxide
530.4alpha- cedrene
1412.41,8- cineole
420.6alpha- copaene
470.6beta- cubebene
51trace  cuparene
494.6ar- curcumene
70.2para- cymene
360.6  fenchone
269.9  geranial
350.7  geranic acid
330.5  geraniol
291.6  geranyl acetate
300.9  geranyl isobutyrate
310.3  geranyl propionate
440.1alpha- gurjunene
130.4(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
120.3  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
43.7  limonene
191.3  linalool
180.1(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
17trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
540.2  longifolene
240.7  methyl geranate
97.46- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
560.5alpha- muurolol
370.2  myrtenal
236.9  neral
571.2  nerolidol
270.6  neryl acetate
100.33- octanol
110.71- octen-3-ol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
11.4alpha- pinene
20.3beta- pinene
390.7trans- pinocarveol
210.7iso pulegol
15trace rose oxide
30.2  sabinene
380.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.3(Z)- sabinene hydrate
605.2  spathulenol
221.0  terpinen-4-ol
61.0gamma- terpinene
252.3alpha- terpineol
8trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- thujone
340.3  thymol
610.1  viridiflorol

J. Bellakhdar, A.IL. Idrissi, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R.Vila, Analysis de L'huile essentielle dela verveine odorante (Lippia citriodora H, B, and K). Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 269-273 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

mandarin oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.02  benzaldehyde
40tracedelta- cadinene
30.05  camphene
60.02delta-2- carene
360.08beta- caryophyllene
24trace  citronellol
84.25para- cymene
270.03  decanol
390.30alpha- farnesene
31trace  geranial
250.02  hexanol
37tracealpha- humulene
966.41  limonene
170.13  linalool
16trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
14tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
29trace3- methyl benzaldehyde
340.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
51.73  myrcene
30trace  nonanal
100.03(E)-beta- ocimene
110.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
260.123- octanol
32trace  perillaldehyde
70.48alpha- phellandrene
22.29alpha- pinene
41.88beta- pinene
20traceiso pulegol
18trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
38tracebeta- selinene
220.04  terpinen-4-ol
330.10  terpinen-4-yl acetate
1219.17gamma- terpinene
21trace(E)-beta- terpineol
19trace(Z)-beta- terpineol
230.12alpha- terpineol
150.01gamma- terpineol
131.38  terpinolene
10.91alpha- thujene
35trace  thymol

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption:deterpenation and high molecular weight compounds elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 519-522 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

melissa officinalis var. citra oil slovak republic
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.06beta- bourbonene
294.20beta- caryophyllene
388.35  caryophyllene oxide
80.141,8- cineole
2211.31  citronellal
230.67alpha- copaene
200.26alpha- cubebene
20.082,5- diethyl tetrahydrofuran
3433.60  geranial
391.05  geranic acid
375.89  geranyl acetate
42trace  heptacosane
30.05 hexenal
310.13alpha- humulene
70.11  limonene
250.08  linalool
170.24  linalool oxide
300.12  menthol
180.60  menthone
210.42iso menthone
280.27  menthyl acetate
330.36  methyl geranate
130.316- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
360.14alpha- muurolene
350.26gamma- muurolene
60.12  myrcene
400.80  myristic acid
3222.18  neral
100.26  ocimene
12trace2,3- octane dione
160.123- octanol
90.123- octanone
4trace1,3,5- octatriene
190.251- octen-3-ol
110.184- octen-3-one
411.01  palmitic acid
10.15alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.07isopulegol 1
270.06isopulegol 2
140.12 rose oxide 1
150.07 rose oxide 2

M. Holla, E. Svajdlenka, J. Tekel, S. Vaverkova and E. Havranek, Composition of the essential oil from Melissa officinalis L. cultivated in Slovak Republic. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 481-484 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

mentha arvensis leaf oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetic acid
400.05  carvone
490.29  caryophyllene oxide
160.251,8- cineole
350.10  citronellol
290.03para- cymen-8-ol
140.02para- cymene
420.03  decanol
40.03(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
360.28(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl 3-methyl butyrate
110.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
370.03  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
150.39  limonene
200.03  linalool
460.03para- menth-8-ene-1,2-diol
2774.51  menthol
280.05iso menthol
300.12neo menthol
248.30  menthone
264.59iso menthone
446.11  menthyl acetate
380.23iso menthyl acetate
450.12neo menthyl acetate
430.16neoiso menthyl acetate
20.083- methyl butanol
210.033- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
6trace3- methyl cyclohexanol
7trace3- methyl cyclohexanone
130.02  methyl octyl ether
30.023- methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one
330.04 myrtenal + myrtenol
480.02  nerolidol
250.09  nonanol
190.043- nonanol
170.06  octanol
100.963- octanol
320.11  octyl acetate
220.043- octyl acetate
120.02alpha- phellandrene
50.15alpha- pinene
90.24beta-pinene + 3-octanone
410.45  piperitone
390.13  pulegone
80.06  sabinene
180.02  sabinene hydrate
470.06 terpin hydrate
310.07alpha- terpineol
230.01beta- terpineol
340.03  verbenone

M. H. Boelens, Chemical characterization of cornmint oil, Perf. & Flav., 18(5), 27-32 (1993).

P&F 19, No. 6, 57, (1994)

mentha citrata herb oil
Lawrence (1978) used a combination of column chromatography, preparative and analytical GC and infrared spectroscopy to analyze the oils from three different strains of Menta citrata. The compounds identified in the oils were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.1-0.3 bicyclogermacrene + carvone
29<0.1-0.1delta- cadinene
22<0.1-2.1beta- caryophyllene
60.9-4.11,8- cineole
30<0.1-0.8  citronellol
90.0-0.1para- cymene
200.0-0.3beta- elemene
320.0-1.3  elemol
230.0-0.5(E)-beta- farnesene
31<0.1-1.0  geraniol
280.2-0.5  geranyl acetate
260.2-0.7  germacrene D
190.0-<0.1alpha- gurjunene
210.0-1.4  lavandulyl acetate
5<0.1-0.4  limonene
1710.3-38.1  linalool
1842.0-78.4  linalyl acetate
140.0-<0.1  menthofuran
130.0-0.4  menthone
150.0-0.2iso menthone
40.5-1.3  myrcene
250.7-1.1  neryl acetate
70.2-0.5(Z)-beta- ocimene
8<0.1-0.6(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
120.2-1.53- octanol
11<0.1-1.83- octyl acetate
10.0-0.1alpha- pinene
20.0-0.3beta- pinene
160.0-0.2iso pinocamphone
30.0-0.2  sabinene
240.6-7.3alpha- terpineol
100.0-0.1  terpinolene
33<0.1-3.0  viridiflorol

B. M. Lawrence, A study of the monoterpene interrelationships in the genus Mentha with special reference to the origin of pulegone and menthofuran. PhD thesis, Rijksuniversiteit, Groningen, Netherlands (1978).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

mentha longifolia oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
17traceiso amyl isovalerate
360.30delta- cadinene
35tracegamma- cadinene
300.20beta- caryophyllene
110.601,8- cineole
230.10  cuminaldehyde
210.50para- cymen-8-ol
15tracepara- cymenene
320.10beta- farnesene
330.10  geranyl propionate
340.30  germacrene D
4trace  hexanol
10.20(E)-2- hexenal
20.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
3trace2- hexen-1-ol
310.10alpha- humulene
260.204- hydroxypiperitone
101.00  limonene
16trace  linalool
18trace  menthol
80.20  myrcene
90.103- octanol
13trace2- octen-1-ol
70.10beta- pinene
270.20  piperitenone
250.50iso piperitenone
2883.70  piperitenone oxide
291.00isopiperitenone oxide
248.10  piperitone oxide
60.10  sabinene
14trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
20trace  terpinen-4-ol
120.10gamma- terpinene
221.10alpha- terpineol
190.20delta- terpineol
50.10  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 530, (2000)
mentha pulegium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
13tracebeta- bourbonene
190.60beta- caryophyllene
260.20 germacrene D + alpha-terpineol
7trace(E)-2- hexenal
241.10alpha- humulene
61.00  limonene
15trace  linalool
25traceiso menthol
200.40neo menthol
22traceneoiso menthol
112.30  menthone
120.80iso menthone
14traceneo menthyl acetate
80.505- methyl-3-heptanone
5trace  myrcene
100.703- octanol
9trace  octyl acetate
10.40alpha- pinene
30.30beta- pinene
291.80  piperitenone
28traceiso piperitenone
27trace piperitone + delta-cadinene
16traceiso pulegol
2386.70  pulegone
171.20(E)-iso pulegone
180.60(Z)-iso pulegone
4trace  sabinene
21trace  terpinen-4-ol
2tracealpha- thujene

M. Stengale, Beitrage Rolle glykosidisch gebundenerfluchtiger Komponenten in atherisches Ole furhrenden Pflanzen. Unterschungen an augewahlten Arten der Gattung Mentha L. PhD thesis Univ. Hamburg (1994).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

mentha pulegium herb oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.10  camphene
70.10para- cymene
60.80 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
120.10neo menthol
13traceneoisomenthol + menthol
1015.6  menthone
112.20isomenthone + menthofuran
81.203- octanol
9trace1- octen-3-ol
5tracebeta- phellandrene
11.50alpha- pinene
30.50beta-pinene + sabinene
150.50  piperitone
1472.40 pulegone + isomenthol + menthyl acetate + isopulegone
4tracealpha- terpinene

M. de Gavina Mugica and J. T. Ochoa, Aceite esencial de Menthal pulegium L. “poleo” In: Contribucion al estudio de los aceites esenciales Espanoles 11. Aceites esenciales de la provinvia de Guadalajara. pp. 235-254, Minist. Agric. Instituto National de Investigaciones Agrarias, Madrid (1974).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

mentha pulegium oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.10beta- bourbonene
300.18delta- cadinene
250.09alpha- calacorene
282.49beta- caryophyllene
311.04  caryophyllene oxide
60.08para- cymene
260.39beta- damascenone
336.78  hexadecanoic acid
290.27alpha- humulene
71.13  limonene
90.77  linalool
150.16  menthol
160.30iso menthol
131.86neo menthol
1420.68neoiso menthol
106.29  menthone
119.73iso menthone
200.14iso menthyl acetate
230.28neo menthyl acetate
226.24neoiso menthyl acetate
50.06  myrcene
80.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.413- octanol
10.35alpha- pinene
30.38beta- pinene
242.39  piperitenone
191.02  piperitone
1825.14  pulegone
20.11  sabinene
170.29alpha- terpineol
320.56  tetradecanoic acid
213.03  thymol
120.74  umbellulone

J. Pino, A. R.sado and V. Fluentes, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Mentha puiegium L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 8, 295-296 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

mentha pulegium oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.20-2.20  carvone
100.90-1.40beta- caryophyllene
5trace-0.101,8- cineole
40.20  limonene
110.50-3.60  menthol
91.60-4.20neo menthol
74.20-5.60  menthone
835.60-40.60iso menthone
60.20-1.503- octanol
3tracealpha- phellandrene
1trace-0.40alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
1226.8-41.10  pulegone

M. B. de Grosso and P. Moyna. Cmposicion quimica de las esencias de Mentha del Uruguayrmias de Ment. An. Real. Acad. Farm., 51, 333-338 (1985).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

mentha x piperita herb oil idaho
Kubeczka (1993) compared the chemical compositions of peppermint oil produced from two different regions in the United States with the composition of an oil noted as Mitcham oil (origin unknown). His results are shown in Table VI. Note: Only the Peppermint Oil from Michigan analysis will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.01  camphene
222.24beta- caryophyllene
87.021,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
120.24para- cymene
271.27  germacrene D
72.44  limonene
190.31  linalool
172.48  menthofuran
2438.01  menthol
213.25neo menthol
1623.14  menthone
183.08iso menthone
203.69  menthyl acetate
50.33  myrcene
90.41(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.303- octanol
11.34alpha- pinene
31.65beta- pinene
280.46  piperitone
230.78iso(iso) pulegol
251.38  pulegone
40.77  sabinene
151.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
60.43alpha- terpinene
100.68gamma- terpinene
260.15alpha- terpineol
130.18  terpinolene
290.15  viridiflorol

K. H. Kubeczka, Moglichkeiten und grenzen der qualitatsbeurteilung arzneilich verwendeter atherischer Ole. In: Atherische Ole-anspruch und wirklichkeit. Edit., R. Carle, pp. 85-102, Wissenschaft, Verlag. mbh Stuttgart (1993).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

mentha x piperita oil CO2 extract
Reverchon et al. (1994) compared the composition of a supercritical CO2 extract (SFE) of peppermint under two separate sets of conditions with a sample of peppermint oil produced by hydrodistillation. The results of the GC/MS analyses of the volatile concentrates of peppermint oil and peppermint produced by SFE can be seen in Table VIII. Note: Only the SFE-2 (T:40C, P:120 bar) will be shown as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20  bornyl acetate
220.70beta- bourbonene
295.00gamma- cadinene
330.60T- cadinol
310.40(E)- calamenene
244.30beta- caryophyllene
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
63.601,8- cineole
21tracealpha- cubebene
50.10  decane
130.20  dihydrocarveol
230.90beta- elemene
300.40gamma- elemene
270.60beta- farnesene
250.20beta- gurjunene
26tracealpha- humulene
160.60  linalyl acetate
80.40para-menth-2-en-1-ol
1123.80  menthol
120.20iso menthol
936.10  menthone
107.50iso menthone
1911.70  menthyl acetate
200.20iso menthyl acetate
170.20neo menthyl acetate
28tracegamma- muurolene
30.20  myrcene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.103- octanol
10.20alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
150.60  piperitone
140.30  pulegone

E. Reverchon, A. Ambruosi and F. Senatore, Isolation of peppermint oil using ssupercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 19-23 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

mentha x piperita oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.05  borneol
160.31beta-bourbonene + benzaldehyde
330.16delta- cadinene
170.42  camphor
320.16  carvone
32.471,8- cineole
40.22para- cymene
340.05  geraniol
300.05  germacrene D
130.06(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
270.18alpha- humulene
350.04(Z)- jasmone
20.38  limonene
180.28  linalool
10trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
140.07  menthofuran
2535.07  menthol
213.74neo menthol
240.39neoiso menthol
1132.22  menthone
155.43iso menthone
209.39  menthyl acetate
50.072- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
60.082- methyl butyl isovalerate
360.06(Z)- nerolidol
80.213- octanol
90.301- octen-3-ol
70.073- octyl acetate
10.04beta- pinene
311.32  piperitone
260.22  pulegone
230.05  rosefuran oxide
12trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.24(Z)- sabinene hydrate
220.07  terpinen-4-ol
280.06alpha- terpineol
370.09  viridiflorol

D. Karasawa, S. Shatar, A. Erdenechimeg, Y. Okamoto, H. Tateha and S, Shimizu, A study on Mongolian mints. A new chemotype from Mentha asiatia Borriss and constituents of M. arvensis L. and M. piperita L. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 7, 255-260 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

ocimum basilicum flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.01(E)- anethole
20.10  camphene
310.01  cedrol
73.301,8- cineole
170.01beta- copaene
220.77alpha- cubebene
270.02  dibutyl octane dioate
180.73beta- elemene
320.06beta- eudesmol
23trace  germacrene B
240.05beta- gurjunene
9trace  hexanol
100.033- hexen-1-ol
280.11beta- himachalene
50.01  limonene
161.48  linalool
1985.52  methyl chavicol
260.56  methyl eugenol
120.086- methyl-3-heptanone
40.05  myrcene
150.01(Z)-allo-ocimene
82.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.023- octanol
300.79beta- patchoulene
60.03alpha- phellandrene
10.04alpha- pinene
30.12  sabinene
130.01  sabinene hydrate
202.51beta- selinene
210.72alpha- terpineol
140.08  terpinolene
290.02  viridiflorol

S.-J. Tsai and L.-Y. Sheen, Essential oil of Ocimum basllicum L cultivated in Taiwan. In: Trends in Food Science. Edits., L W. Sze and F. C. Woo, pp 66-70, Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Singapore Institute of Food Science and Technology, Singapore (1987).

P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)

ocimum basilicum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.01(E)- anethole
20.35  camphene
300.02  cedrol
75.471,8- cineole
170.01beta- copaene
220.66alpha- cubebene
180.90beta- elemene
310.08beta- eudesmol
230.01  germacrene B
240.08beta- gurjunene
9trace  hexanol
100.033- hexen-1-ol
270.13beta- himachalene
50.02  limonene
160.37  linalool
1984.69  methyl chavicol
262.44  methyl eugenol
120.176- methyl-3-heptanone
40.13  myrcene
150.02(Z)-allo-ocimene
81.33(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.023- octanol
290.90beta- patchoulene
60.08alpha- phellandrene
10.13alpha- pinene
30.22  sabinene
130.01  sabinene hydrate
200.54beta- selinene
210.90alpha- terpineol
14trace  terpinolene
280.02  viridiflorol

S.-J. Tsai and L.-Y. Sheen, Essential oil of Ocimum basllicum L cultivated in Taiwan. In: Trends in Food Science. Edits., L W. Sze and F. C. Woo, pp 66-70, Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Singapore Institute of Food Science and Technology, Singapore (1987).

P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)

ocimum gratissimum herb oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.40allo- aromadendrene
315.74 aromadendrene + germacrene D
5trace  benzaldehyde
40.14  camphene
285.50beta- caryophyllene
133.281,8- cineole
262.03beta- elemene
230.17delta- elemene
2419.26  eugenol
291.43alpha- humulene
120.20  limonene
181.32  linalool
22trace  methyl chavicol
25trace  methyl cinnamate
2746.83  methyl eugenol
90.35  myrcene
190.19  myrtenol
150.33(E)-beta- ocimene
143.65(Z)-beta- ocimene
100.083- octanol
80.151- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.44beta- pinene
60.80  sabinene
20trace  terpinen-4-ol
110.14alpha- terpinene
160.07gamma- terpinene
210.31alpha- terpineol
170.11  terpinolene
2tracealpha- thujene
1trace  tricyclene

O. Vostrowksy, W. Garbe and J. G. S. Maia, Essential oil of Alfavaca, Ocimurn gratissimum from Brazlian Amazon. Ziet Naturforsch., 45c, 1073-1076 (1990).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

oregano oil (thymus capitatus hoffmanns & link) greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  borneol
20trace  bornyl acetate
30.08  camphene
16trace  camphor
90.10delta-3- carene
2266.69  carvacrol
234.79beta- caryophyllene
240.70  caryophyllene oxide
116.58para- cymene
120.80  limonene
150.40  linalool
61.58  myrcene
70.303- octanol
40.391- octen-3-ol
80.08alpha- phellandrene
20.69alpha- pinene
50.11beta- pinene
180.46  terpinen-4-ol
100.03alpha- terpinene
136.43gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
140.41  terpinolene
10.65alpha- thujene
210.25  thymol

F. Tateo, M. Mariotti and M. Bononi, Essential oil composition and enantiomeric distribution of some monoterpenoid components of Coridothymus capitatus (L.) Reichenb. fil. grown on island of Kos (Greece). Rivista Sci. Aliment., 25(2), 103-107 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

origanum majorana var. tenuifolium weston oil cyprus
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.10-0.50(E)- anethole
300.30-1.00beta- bisabolene
260.10-0.20iso borneol
210.10-0.90  bornyl acetate
310.10-0.30delta- cadinene
330.10-0.30  calamenene
20.50-0.80  camphene
17trace-1.80  camphor
360.50-6.00  carvacrol
290.00-0.70  carvone
221.10-2.00beta- caryophyllene
340.10-0.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.30-2.101,8- cineole
16trace-0.20alpha- copaene
111.00-4.20para- cymene
37trace-0.20delta- elemene
240.60-1.20  geraniol
250.20-0.60alpha- humulene
71.20-2.10  limonene
192.00-4.30  linalool
200.00-0.10  linalyl acetate
51.20-2.30  myrcene
130.00-0.103- octanol
140.00-trace1- octen-3-ol
90.00-0.10beta- phellandrene
11.00-1.90alpha- pinene
30.20-0.50beta- pinene
280.70-1.30  piperitone
41.10-5.50  sabinene
151.50-4.70(E)- sabinene hydrate
187.40-33.00(Z)- sabinene hydrate
2316.60-21.60  terpinen-4-ol
64.70-6.50alpha- terpinene
108.30-11.10gamma- terpinene
277.30-14.20alpha- terpineol
121.70-2.40  terpinolene
350.00-0.10  thymol

F. I. Jean, G. J. Collin and D. Lord, Essential oils and microwave extracts of cultivated plants. Perfum. Flavor., 17(3), 35-41 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
275.50(Z)- asarone
295.70(E)- asarone
160.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
11tracebeta- bourbonene
1452.90beta- caryophyllene
130.80iso caryophyllene
252.20  caryophyllene oxide
50.401,8- cineole
40.20para- cymene
10trace(E)-beta- damascenone
120.20beta- elemene
23trace(Z)-iso elemicin
220.10(E,Z)-alpha- farnesene
200.60(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
191.20(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
1723.80alpha- humulene
281.40  humulene oxide I
31trace isomer of apiole 1
32trace isomer of apiole 2
80.20  linalool
180.20(E)- methyl isoeugenol
150.20(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
9trace  methyl salicylate
260.30iso myristicin
240.90(E)- nerolidol
7trace  nonanal
3trace3- octanol
20.103- octanone
10.201- octen-3-ol
332.50 other compounds
60.10gamma- terpinene
300.102,4,5- trimethoxybenzaldehyde
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 18, (2001)
petitgrain sweet oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
61.66delta-3- carene
470.20trans- carveol
490.21cis- carveol
500.10  caryophyllene oxide
221.52  citronellal
421.30  citronellol
300.70  citronellyl acetate
440.60  cuminaldehyde
480.50para- cymen-8-ol
80.09ortho- cymene
143.17para- cymene
170.082,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
390.312- dodecanone
260.03beta- elemene
310.17(E)-beta- farnesene
381.72  geranial
410.32  geranyl acetate
360.31  geranyl formate
109.76  limonene
2412.09  linalool
210.89(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
201.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.30  linalyl acetate
510.29para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
120.12ortho- mentha-1(7),5,8-triene
430.09para- methyl acetophenone
340.20  methyl geranate
160.476- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.40  myrcene
290.50  myrtenal
450.07  myrtenol
321.01  neral
460.66  nerol
370.08  neryl acetate
180.753- octanol
190.16  perillene
110.01beta- phellandrene
10.95alpha- pinene
41.76beta- pinene
520.46para-iso propyl anisole
280.51iso pulegol
522.32  sabinene
230.61  sabinene hydrate
273.33  terpinen-4-ol
130.11gamma- terpinene
90.08alpha-terpinene + heptanal + 2-methyl-2-butenal
331.09alpha- terpineol
150.02  terpinolene
350.12alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
30.08  toluene
400.392,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl-5-hydroxytetrahydropyran

A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Meklati, D. Fraisse and C. Scharff, Analysis of leaf oils from four varieties of sweet orange by combined gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Flav. Fragr. J., 3, 47-52 ( 1988).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil
In 1991, Tucker et al. analyzed the chemical composition of two commercial samples of the leaf oil of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore var. racemosa using both GC and GC/MS. The components that were identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
370.00-0.39alpha- amorphene
380.00-0.09  aromadendrene
400.00-0.28allo- aromadendrene
410.00-<0.01beta- cadinene
490.28-1.03delta- cadinene
470.05-0.15gamma- cadinene
550.00-0.30alpha- cadinol
530.00-<0.01gamma- cadinol
48<0.01-0.07(Z)- calamenene
30.00-0.14  camphene
210.00-<0.01  camphor
360.64-7.24beta- caryophyllene
420.00-0.17beta- chamigrene
26<0.01-15.51  chavicol
141.38-1.391,8- cineole
270.00-0.11(E)- cinnamaldehyde
320.32-0.41alpha- copaene
300.00-<0.01alpha- cubebene
230.00-<0.01para- cymen-8-ol
19<0.01-0.97para- cymene
120.00-0.30alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
330.00-0.20beta- elemene
3144.41-68.93  eugenol
500.00-0.51  eugenyl acetate
460.00-0.59alpha- farnesene
290.00-0.22  geranial
280.00-0.12  geraniol
520.00-0.36  globulol
350.00-0.13alpha- gurjunene
390.15-1.31alpha- humulene
132.07-3.90  limonene
200.13-3.63  linalool
250.03-0.05  methyl chavicol
340-11.88  methyl eugenol
450.00-0.05alpha- muurolene
540.00-<0.01gamma-muurolol
80.10-16.17  myrcene
160.08-1.42(E)-beta- ocimene
150.08-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.00-0.843- octanol
70.00-1.103- octanone
50.00-1.741- octen-3-ol
100.07-0.45alpha- phellandrene
20.46-0.47alpha- pinene
60.00-0.09beta- pinene
40.00-<0.1  sabinene
440.00-0.63alpha- selinene
430.00-0.33beta- selinene
510.00-0.12  spathulenol
220.05-0.90  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.19alpha- terpinene
17<0.01-0.16gamma- terpinene
240.14-0.52alpha- terpineol
180.09-0.24  terpinolene
10.0-<0.1alpha- thujene

A. Tucker, M. J. Macirarello, R. P. Adams, L. R. Landrum and T. A. Zanoni, Volatile leaf oils of Caribbean Myrtaceae 1. Three varieties of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore of the Dominican Republic and the commerciai bay oil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 3, 323-329 (1991).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil anise
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.2(E)- anethole
141.5  camphor
180.8  chavicol
131.6  chrysanthenone
50.1para- cymene
201.0  eugenol
62.7  limonene
116.0  linalool
1732.8  methyl chavicol
2148.1  methyl eugenol
312.8  myrcene
80.4(E)-beta- ocimene
70.1(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.23- octanol
40.3alpha- phellandrene
10.2alpha- pinene
90.1gamma- terpinene
160.1alpha- terpineol
100.1  terpinolene
120.1alpha- thujone
150.4  verbenol

J. Abaul, P. Bourgeois and J. M. Bessiere, Chemical composition of the essential oils of chemotypes of Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa (P. Miller) J. W. Moore (Bois d’ lnde) of Guadaloupe (F. W. I.). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 319-321 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil clove
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.8delta- cadinene
270.2alpha- cadinol
240.2  calamenene
200.6beta- caryophyllene
260.1  caryophyllene oxide
1517.1  chavicol
51.21,8- cineole
180.4alpha- copaene
100.1para- cymen-8-ol
40.3para- cymene
1756.1  eugenol
230.2(E,E,Z)-alpha-farnesene
160.3  geranial
140.2  geraniol
220.3  germacrene D
210.2alpha- humulene
60.8  limonene
86.0  linalool
70.1(E)- linalool oxide
120.1  methyl chavicol
191.4  methyl eugenol
36.4  myrcene
130.1  neral
12.03- octanol
21.03- octanone
110.5alpha- terpineol
91.2  verbenol

J. Abaul, P. Bourgeois and J. M. Bessiere, Chemical composition of the essential oils of chemotypes of Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa (P. Miller) J. W. Moore (Bois d’ lnde) of Guadaloupe (F. W. I.). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 319-321 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.1beta- caryophyllene
200.9alpha- copaene
110.2alpha- cyclocitral
70.5para- cymene
50.12,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
190.1  eugenol
1640.3  geranial
181.0  geranic acid
153.5  geraniol
85.3  limonene
104.1  linalool
120.2  methyl chavicol
210.8  methyl eugenol
30.36- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
44.6  myrcene
1431.7  neral
170.1  neric acid
130.7  nerol
90.4(E)-beta- ocimene
20.73- octanol
60.2alpha- phellandrene
10.5alpha- pinene

J. Abaul, P. Bourgeois and J. M. Bessiere, Chemical composition of the essential oils of chemotypes of Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa (P. Miller) J. W. Moore (Bois d’ lnde) of Guadaloupe (F. W. I.). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 319-321 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

rose oil otto bulgaria
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.02  amyl alcohol
10.01iso amyl alcohol
440.10  benzyl benzoate
350.17beta- bergamotene
310.77beta- caryophyllene
2038.22  citronellol
250.45  citronellyl acetate
230.13  citronellyl formate
110.09para- cymene
300.08beta- elemene
380.07  eudesmol
260.82  eugenol
280.20beta- farnesene
421.98(E,E)- farnesol
400.21(Z,Z)- farnesol
2214.41  geraniol
270.74  geranyl acetate
240.06  geranyl formate
320.50alpha- guaiene
410.19  heptadecane
60.09  heptanal
30.03  hexanal
50.26  hexanol
40.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.37alpha- humulene
120.13  limonene
133.14  linalool
291.71  methyl isoeugenol
90.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.08alpha- muurolene
390.17 nardostachyol
210.05  nerol
80.063- octanol
360.70  pentadecane
170.05  perillyl alcohol
160.132- phenethyl alcohol
70.38alpha- pinene
431.127-isopropyl-1,8-dimethyl naphthalenone
151.39(E)- rose oxide
140.32(Z)- rose oxide
100.18  sabinene
340.53beta- selinene
180.41  terpinen-4-ol
190.94alpha- terpineol

X-Y. Ma, H-P. Pan, F-X. Zhao, H-Q. Li and X-Z. Chen, Chemical constituents in essential oils from transplanted roses of European origin. Fenxi Cheshi Xuebao., 12(5), 1-6 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

satureja calamintha (l.) scheele oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
21tracebeta- bourbonene
22traceiso caryophyllene
23trace  germacrene D
73.40  limonene
144.30iso menthone
1332.00  menthone
40.30  myrcene
8trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
11trace  octanol
50.703- octanol
10.70alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
197.00  piperitenone
201.00  piperitenone oxide
187.30  piperitone
1741.00  pulegone
150.70iso pulegone
20.20  sabinene
10trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
160.50  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
9tracegamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 11, (2001)
spearmint oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.91-1.24beta- bourbonene
20.05-0.08  camphene
310.11-0.17trans- carveol
320.31-0.54cis- carveol
2965.79-71.62  carvone
300.03-0.12cis- carvyl acetate
71.40-1.571,8- cineole
12trace-0.04para- cymene
250.12-0.43(E)- dihydrocarvone
240.92-2.20(Z)- dihydrocarvone
270.35-0.43  dihydrocarvyl acetate
220.06-0.23beta- elemene
280.09-0.30  germacrene D
613.65-17.27  limonene
200.10-0.51  linalool
260.08-0.11  menthol
180.08-0.26  menthone
50.82-1.13  myrcene
9trace-0.07(E)-beta- ocimene
80.06-0.14(Z)-beta- ocimene
152.09-2.663- octanol
11trace-0.073- octanone
160.05-0.121- octen-3-yl acetate
140.13-0.233- octyl acetate
10.51-0.72alpha- pinene
30.58-0.76beta- pinene
40.43-0.56  sabinene
170.95-1.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.06-0.08(Z)- sabinene hydrate
230.33-0.45  terpinen-4-ol
100.07-0.14gamma- terpinene
130.04-0.07  terpinolene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 18, No. 3, 61, (1993)

thymus serpyllum oil finland
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50allo- aromadendrene
231.90beta- bisabolene
220.20  borneol
173.50  bornyl acetate
162.70beta-bourbonene + linalool
33.70  camphene
152.50  camphor
196.90beta- caryophyllene
270.10  caryophyllene oxide
90.301,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
111.10para- cymene
260.80  elemol
210.40alpha- humulene
241.20  ledol
80.80  limonene
250.20alpha- muurolol
639.10  myrcene
109.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
130.103- octanol
140.401- octen-3-ol
21.90alpha- pinene
45.20beta- pinene
50.20  sabinene
180.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.30alpha- terpinene
120.10  terpinolene
10.10  tricyclene

K.-G. Widen, P. Alanko and M. Uotila, Thymus serpyllum L, x vulgaris L. morphology, chromosome number and chemical composition. Ann. Bot. Fennici, 14, 29-34 (1977).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

thymus vulgaris absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
216.96  carvacrol
17trace  carvone
23tracebeta- caryophyllene
12trace1,8- cineole
222.10alpha- copaene
100.95para- cymene
40.894,7- dimethyl-4-octanol
182.61  geraniol
11trace limonene + alpha-phellandrene
165.76  linalool
1923.17  linalyl acetate
51.446- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
6trace  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.923- octanol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
2tracealpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
9tracealpha- terpinene
152.45gamma- terpinene
1tracealpha- thujene
2043.10  thymol

F. I. Jean, G. J. Collin and D. Lord, Essential oils and microwave extracts of cultivated plants. Perfum. Flavor, 17(3), 35-41 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

thymus zygis ssp. zygis herb oil portuguese
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
25tracebeta- bisabolene
231.0  borneol
18trace  bornyl acetate
30.6  camphene
160.5  camphor
2942.0  carvacrol
191.5beta- caryophyllene
300.6  caryophyllene oxide
90.21,8- cineole
1119.9para- cymene
270.3  geraniol
260.2  geranyl acetate
24trace  germacrene D
21tracealpha- humulene
80.4  limonene
173.8  linalool
61.3  myrcene
130.13- octanol
140.21- octen-3-ol
20.7alpha- pinene
40.1beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
150.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.9  terpinen-4-ol
71.0alpha- terpinene
1015.0gamma- terpinene
220.1alpha- terpineol
12trace  terpinolene
10.8alpha- thujene
280.2  thymol
310.1  viridiflorol

L. R. Salgueiro. A. Proencada Cunha and J. Paiva,Chemotaxonomic characterization of a Thymus hybrid from Portugal. Flav. Fragr. J., 8, 325-330 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 3, 67, (1995)

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