ocimum basilicum leaf oil america
sweet basil leaf oil america
 
Notes:
solvent for dyes in staining. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. ocimum basilicum, labiatae.
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
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      Product(s):
      Basil Oil Sweet American-Type
       
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
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      Product(s):
      503990 Basil Oil Sweet American Type
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Name: ocimum basilicum l. leaf oil
CAS Number: 8015-73-4 
Also Contains: ocimum basilicum herb extract
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2119  american sweet basil oil
FDA Mainterm: BASIL, OIL (OCIMUM BASILICUM L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 332.1 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: anisic
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
 sweet  herbal  tarragon  green  spicy  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet herbal tarragon green spicy
 herbal  green  fennel  root beer  
Taste Description:
herbal green fennel root beer
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Excellentia International
Basil Oil Sweet American-Type
Vigon International
Basil Oil Sweet American Type
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  1400 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 867, 1973.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 867, 1973.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Linalool and natural products known to be rich in linalool, such as bois de rose, coriander or ho wood oil, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practical level. It is recommended to add antioxidants at the time of production of the raw material. The addition of 0.1% BHT or alpha-tocopherol for example has shown great efficiency. The maximum peroxide level for products in use should be 20 mmol/l.
IFRA: View Standard
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -4.20000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -15.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.70000
fruit ices: -2.70000
gelatins / puddings: -0.01000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -6.20000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -24.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8015-73-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 ocimum basilicum l. leaf oil
Chemidplus: 0008015734
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References:
 ocimum basilicum l. leaf oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8015-73-4
Pubchem (sid): 135362711
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 dehydro-ar-ionene 
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
aldehydic
 agrumen nitrileFR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
amber
 angelica root oilFL/FR
 angelica seed oilFL/FR
animal
isobutyl quinolineFR
anise
 anise oleoresinFL/FR
 anise seed oilFL/FR
star anise seed oil chinaFL/FR
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
star anise seed oil terpenelessFL/FR
 estragon absoluteFR
sweet fennel absoluteFL/FR
sweet fennel oleoresinFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
anisic
ortho-acetanisoleFL/FR
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
 amyl furoateFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl propanalFR
sweet basil flower oilFR
 dihydroanetholFL/FR
 estragoleFL/FR
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
 methyl para-anisateFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil egyptFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil indiaFL/FR
 sassafras acetateFL/FR
balsamic
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
 artemisia annua herb oil bulgariaFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
christmas pine fragranceFR
annus wormwood oil franceFL/FR
caramellic
2-isobutyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
 caramel pentadioneFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 bergamot oil turkeyFL/FR
isodecyl acetateFR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
 ocimum americanum leaf oilFR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
earthy
 bornyl methyl ether 
 geosminFL/FR
(S)-1-octen-3-olFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
fatty
(E,Z)-2,6-dodecadienalFL/FR
(R)-gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
2-octenalFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 anise indeneFR
 anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 autumn carboxylateFR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 cassis oxime 10%FR
 cassis specialtyFR
 cilantro herb oil egyptFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cymbopogon validus leaf oilFR
beta-damascenoneFL/FR
 dictamnus hispanicus oilFR
 dihydrocitronellyl ethyl etherFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dihydrorose oxideFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanolFR
4,6-dimethyl-alpha-allyl-3-cyclohexene methanol 
2,4-dimethyl-alpha-allyl-3-cyclohexene methanol 
 floral pyranolFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oilFL/FR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 hawthorn acetateFR
 heliotropyl diethyl acetalFR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 jonquil absoluteFR
 jonquil absolute replacerFR
 lilac absoluteFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linden flower absoluteFR
 melaleuca ericifolia leaf oilFR
ortho-methoxybenzyl ethyl etherFR
ortho-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
1-(2-methyl allyl oxy)-2-methyl butaneFR
para-methyl benzyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 neryl formateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
2-pentyl cyclopentanoneFR
 phenyl propyl phenyl acetateFR
isophytolFL/FR
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 rose pyranFR
5-tricyclodecenyl acetateFR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
para-anisyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
3-butyl bicyclo[3.2.1]-6-octen-2-oneFR
 cinnamyl hexanoateFL/FR
1,4-diethyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octaneFR
 ethyl 2-ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
(E,E)-ethyl sorbateFL/FR
1-ethyl-2-methyl propyl chrysanthemumate 
 grapefruit acetalFR
 tropical indeneFR
fungal
 jasmin nonaneFR
garlic
4-methyl-2-[2-(methyl thio)ethyl]-1,3-oxathiane 
green
 agrumen aldehydeFR
alpha-allyl-4,6-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetate 
 birch leaf specialtyFR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
2-sec-butyl thiazoleFL/FR
S-sec-butyl thioisovalerateFL/FR
2-butyl-4-methyl-1,3-oxathiane 
 carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)FR
 chrysanthemum carbaldehydeFR
 dicyclopentadiene propionateFR
 heptanal (aldehyde C-7)FL/FR
1-heptanolFL/FR
 heptyl benzoateFL/FR
(E)-4-hexen-1-ol 
(Z)-4-hexen-1-olFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 hop oil CO2 extractFL/FR
english ivy leaf absoluteFR
 marigold pot absoluteFL/FR
6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
3-methylthio-4-heptanone 
 murraya koenigii leaf oil indiaFL/FR
3-propyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-6-octen-2-oneFR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
(E,E)-sorbyl acetateFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
 tiglaldehydeFL/FR
 triplal / ethyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
herbal
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
9-acetyl-5-methyl-tricyclo[6.2.1.0.sup.2,7 ]undec-4-ene 
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anethum graveolens herb tinctureFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower extractFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 apium graveolens seed oilFL/FR
 apium graveolens seed oil indiaFL/FR
 artemisia alba oilFR
 artemisia dracunculus herb extractFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
 basil essenceFL/FR
 basil oil replacerFR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 carrot seed oil (daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil.) spainFR
 carrot seed oil (daucus carota ssp. maximus (desf.) ball)FR
wild carrot seed oil terpenelessFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 celery ketoneFL/FR
 chrysanthemum ketoneFR
1,4-cineoleFL/FR
 clary sage absoluteFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 dill weed oil cubaFL/FR
 dill weed oil reunionFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
2-(2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-yl)-4,4-dimethyl-1,3-oxathianeFR
 floral nitrileFR
 geranium cyclohexaneFR
 herbal acetalFR
cis-herbal cyclohexaneFR
 herbal dioxaneFR
 herbal heptaneFR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 lantana camara flower oilFR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 licorice diethyl acetalFR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
 melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oilFL/FR
1-(2-methyl allyl oxy) heptaneFR
(E)-6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
 mistletoe absolute 
 monarda fistulosa oilFR
 nonisyl formateFR
 ocimum basilicum herb extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf extractFL/FR
(E,Z)-3,5-octadien-2-one 
1-octen-3-yl acetateFL/FR
 oregano specialtyFR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 perilla leaf oilFL/FR
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
 petitgrain heptaneFR
 petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetalFR
 prenyl senecioateFL/FR
 reseda absoluteFR
 rosmarinus officinalis extractFL/FR
 rosmarinus officinalis tinctureFL/FR
 salvia sclarea oilFL/FR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
 thyme absoluteFL/FR
 tricyclo(5.2.1.02,6)dec-3-enyl acetateFR
 tricyclodecenyl isobutyrateFR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
 tricyclodecyl acetateFR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
 wormwood oil americaFL/FR
 wormwood oil italyFL/FR
 wormwood oil polandFL/FR
licorice
(E)-anetholFL/FR
sweet basil oleoresinFL/FR
 clausena anisata leaf oil 
 ocimum basilicum 
 ocimum basilicum herb oil polandFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil vietnamFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil terpenelessFL/FR
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
 carvoneFL/FR
bitter fennel flower oil lithuania 
(-)-menthoneFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 treemoss absoluteFR
musty
2-acetyl pyrroleFL/FR
phenolic
 anisoleFL/FR
pine
 dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproductsFR
soapy
 methyl anthranilate / hexyl cinnamaldehyde schiff's baseFR
spicy
 artemisia dracunculus herb oilFL/FR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cumin seed absoluteFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
2-octanolFL/FR
 origanum majorana oilFL/FR
 outdoors specialtyFR
 solidago odora oilFR
 spicy carbonateFR
 tarragon 
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
 tarragon oil replacerFL/FR
annus wormwood oil vietnamFL/FR
sulfurous
 lychee mercaptan acetateFL/FR
terpenic
 cassis bud oilFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillinFL/FR
woody
 cinnamyl tiglateFL/FR
 dalbergia sissoo leaf oilFR
alpha-farneseneFL/FR
alpha-farnesene isomerFL/FR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 santallFR
alpha-thujene 
 verdoxanFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
4-acetyl-2-isopropenyl pyridineFL
9-acetyl-5-methyl-tricyclo[6.2.1.0.sup.2,7 ]undec-4-ene 
alpha-allyl-4,6-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetate 
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 amyl furoateFL/FR
 anisoleFL/FR
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 artemisia annua herb oil bulgariaFL/FR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
2-sec-butyl thiazoleFL/FR
4-butyl thiazoleFL
S-sec-butyl thioisovalerateFL/FR
2-butyl-4-methyl-1,3-oxathiane 
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 carvoneFL/FR
 celery ketoneFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cinnamyl hexanoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl tiglateFL/FR
 clausena anisata leaf oil 
 dehydro-ar-ionene 
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
4-ethyl anisoleFL
1-ethyl-2-methyl propyl chrysanthemumate 
bitter fennel flower oil lithuania 
 fig leaf absoluteFL
 fleabane oil (erigeron canadensis)FL
 geosminFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
 heptanal (aldehyde C-7)FL/FR
 heptyl benzoateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-hexadien-1-olFL
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oilFL/FR
ortho-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
para-methyl benzyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl para-anisateFL/FR
4-methyl-2-[2-(methyl thio)ethyl]-1,3-oxathiane 
6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
(E)-6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
3-methylthio-4-heptanone 
 mistletoe absolute 
3-nonanoneFL/FR
(E,Z)-3,5-octadien-2-one 
(R)-gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
2-octanolFL/FR
(S)-1-octen-3-olFL/FR
2-octenalFL/FR
3-octyl butyrateFL
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 perilla leaf oilFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 prenyl senecioateFL/FR
2-propyl thiazoleFL
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 sassafras acetateFL/FR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
 tarragon oil replacerFL/FR
4,4'-thiobis-2-butanoneFL
alpha-thujene 
ortho-vinyl anisoleFL
 viridiflorolFL/FR
annus wormwood oil franceFL/FR
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
absinthe
 absinthe flavorFL
alliaceous
 truffle sulfideFL
amber
 angelica seed oilFL/FR
anise
(E)-anetholFL/FR
 anise oleoresinFL/FR
 anise seed oilFL/FR
star anise seed oil chinaFL/FR
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
star anise seed oil terpenelessFL/FR
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
sweet fennel absoluteFL/FR
sweet fennel oleoresinFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil egyptFL/FR
caramellic
 caramel pentadioneFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 bergamot oil turkeyFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
cooling
1,4-cineoleFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
ethereal
4-hexen-3-oneFL
fatty
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
4,6-dimethyl-alpha-allyl-3-cyclohexene methanol 
2,4-dimethyl-alpha-allyl-3-cyclohexene methanol 
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oilFL/FR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 cassis bud oilFL/FR
(E,E)-ethyl sorbateFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
(E,E)-methyl sorbateFL
 neryl formateFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
 tiglaldehydeFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 anethum graveolens herb tinctureFL/FR
 angelica root oilFL/FR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
2-isobutyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
 celery distillatesFL
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clary sage absoluteFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-dodecadienalFL/FR
alpha-farneseneFL/FR
alpha-farnesene isomerFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-hexadienalFL
(E)-4-hexen-1-ol 
(Z)-4-hexen-1-olFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 marigold pot absoluteFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl acetateFL/FR
 sorbyl acetateFL
(E,E)-sorbyl acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
herbal
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower extractFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 apium graveolens seed oilFL/FR
 apium graveolens seed oil indiaFL/FR
 artemisia dracunculus herb extractFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
 basil distillatesFL
 basil essenceFL/FR
 bornyl methyl ether 
wild carrot seed oil terpenelessFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 celery seed oleoresinFL
 cilantro herb oil egyptFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 dihydroanetholFL/FR
 dill weed oil cubaFL/FR
 dill weed oil reunionFL/FR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil indiaFL/FR
 origanum majorana oilFL/FR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
 rosmarinus officinalis extractFL/FR
 rosmarinus officinalis tinctureFL/FR
 salvia sclarea oilFL/FR
 tarragon oleoresinFL
 thyme absoluteFL/FR
 wormwood oil americaFL/FR
 wormwood oil italyFL/FR
 wormwood oil polandFL/FR
juicy
 lychee mercaptan acetateFL/FR
licorice
sweet basil oleoresinFL/FR
2-butyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL
 estragoleFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum 
 ocimum basilicum herb oil polandFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil vietnamFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil terpenelessFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf powderFL
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
(-)-menthoneFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl pyrroleFL/FR
oily
isophytolFL/FR
powdery
ortho-acetanisoleFL/FR
 powdery ketoneFL
solvent
1-heptanolFL/FR
spicy
para-anisyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 artemisia dracunculus herb oilFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cumin seed absoluteFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 hop oil CO2 extractFL/FR
4-methyl biphenylFL
 murraya koenigii leaf oil indiaFL/FR
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
 tarragon 
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
 tarragon flavorFL
annus wormwood oil vietnamFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillinFL/FR
waxy
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
beta-damascenoneFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 aldehydicFR
 almondFR
 balsamFR
 bayberryFR
 bouquetFR
 chypreFR
 citrusFR
 crabapple blossomFR
 crepe de chine 
 fern fougereFR
 floralFR
 frangipanni plumeriaFR
 freesiaFR
 greenFR
 heatherFR
 herbalFR
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 lavenderFR
 lotusFR
 orchidFR
 origan 
 pina coladaFR
 reseda mignonetteFR
 rose tea roseFR
 spiceFR
 tea greenFR
 verbenaFR
 violetFR
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 basil leaf
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Synonyms:
 basil ess tarif
sweet basil leaf oil america
american sweet basil oil
 basil oil sweet american type
 basil type linalool ess nat 01
 basil type m.chavicol ess nat 01
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Articles:
PubMed: In vitro anti-Trichomonas vaginalis activity of Pistacia lentiscus mastic and Ocimum basilicum essential oil.
PubMed: Utilization of heavy metal-rich tannery sludge for sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) cultivation.
PubMed: Effects of Ocimum basilicum Linn essential oil and sodium hexametaphosphate on the shelf life of fresh chicken sausage.
PubMed: Cyclodextrin-complexed Ocimum basilicum leaves essential oil increases Fos protein expression in the central nervous system and produce an antihyperalgesic effect in animal models for fibromyalgia.
PubMed: In vitro inhibition of the bovine viral diarrhoea virus by the essential oil of Ocimum basilicum (basil) and monoterpenes.
PubMed: Ocimum basilicum: Antibacterial activity and association study with antibiotics against bacteria of clinical importance.
PubMed: Thermal and oxidative stability of the Ocimum basilicum L. essential oil/β-cyclodextrin supramolecular system.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil) from Western Ghats of North West Karnataka, India.
PubMed: Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of essential oil from Ocimum basilicum (L.) against Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Aedes albopictus and Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: α-Linalool - a marker compound of forged/synthetic sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) essential oils.
PubMed: Ecologically acceptable usage of derivatives of essential oil of sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum, as antifeedants against larvae of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar.
PubMed: The impact of hybridization on the volatile and sensorial profile of Ocimum basilicum L.
PubMed: Essential oil from Ocimum basilicum (Omani Basil): a desert crop.
PubMed: Variation in the volatile terpenoids of two industrially important basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) cultivars during plant ontogeny in two different cropping seasons from India.
PubMed: Activity of Ocimum basilicum, Ocimum canum, and Cymbopogon citratus essential oils against Plasmodium falciparum and mature-stage larvae of Anopheles funestus s.s.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil from basil (Ocimum basilicum Linn.) and its in vitro cytotoxicity against HeLa and HEp-2 human cancer cell lines and NIH 3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblasts.
PubMed: Influence of viral infection on essential oil composition of Ocimum basilicum (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Chemical composition, antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of Tagetes minuta and Ocimum basilicum essential oils.
PubMed: Chemotaxonomic analysis of the aroma compounds in essential oils of two different Ocimum basilicum L. varieties from Iran.
PubMed: Effects of drying methods on qualitative and quantitative properties of essential oil of two basil landraces.
PubMed: Variation in essential oil composition within individual leaves of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is more affected by leaf position than by leaf age.
PubMed: Chemical composition, acute toxicity, and antinociceptive activity of the essential oil of a plant breeding cultivar of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).
PubMed: Chemical characterization and genetic relationships among Ocimum basilicum L. cultivars.
PubMed: Pro-oxidant/antioxidant behaviours of ascorbic acid, tocopherol, and plant extracts in n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acid rich oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Optimisation of microencapsulation of holy basil essential oil in gelatin by response surface methodology.
PubMed: Fumigant toxicity of basil oil compounds and related compounds to Thrips palmi and Orius strigicollis.
PubMed: [Effectiveness of antimicrobial formulations for acne based on orange (Citrus sinensis) and sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L) essential oils].
PubMed: Effect of the addition of basil essential oil on the degradation of palm olein during repeated deep frying of French fries.
PubMed: Does antioxidant properties of the main component of essential oil reflect its antioxidant properties? The comparison of antioxidant properties of essential oils and their main components.
PubMed: Toxicity of basil oil constituents and related compounds and the efficacy of spray formulations to Dermatophagoides farinae (Acari: Pyroglyphidae).
PubMed: Hepatocyte Growth Factor Mediates the Antifibrogenic Action of Ocimum bacilicum Essential Oil against CCl4-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of basil (Ocimum basilicum) oil against Salmonella enteritidis in vitro and in food.
PubMed: Acaricidal effect and chemical composition of essential oils extracted from Cuminum cyminum, Pimenta dioica and Ocimum basilicum against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed: Safety assessment of ocimum basilicum hydroalcoholic extract in wistar rats: acute and subchronic toxicity studies.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activities of Lippia multiflora Moldenke, Mentha x piperita L. and Ocimum basilicum L. essential oils and their major monoterpene alcohols alone and in combination.
PubMed: Evaluation of linalool, a natural antimicrobial and insecticidal essential oil from basil: effects on poultry.
PubMed: [Factors influence volatile oil content in Ocimun basilicum introduced from Xinjiang province to south-east China].
PubMed: Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in leaves and glandular trichomes of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of essential oils of edible spices, Ocimum canum and Xylopia aethiopica.
PubMed: EFFICIENCY OF PREPARED BAITS OF LONE OR/AND ADMIXED FOUR BOTANICAL OILS ON THE VIABILITY OF SUCCESSIVE RAISED GENERATIONS OF AGROTIS IPSILON (HUFNAGEL) (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE) AFTER TREATING THE PARENT ONES.
PubMed: Effect of Methanolic Leaf Extract of Ocimum basilicum L. on Benzene-Induced Hematotoxicity in Mice.
PubMed: TOXIC ACTIVITY AND DELAYED EFFECTS OF FIVE BOTANICAL OILS ON THE FOLLOWING GENERATIONS OF AGROTIS IPSILON (HUFNAGEL) (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE) AFTER PARENTS TREATMENT.
PubMed: ZnO nanofertilizer and He Ne laser irradiation for promoting growth and yield of sweet basil plant.
PubMed: Fumigant Toxicity of Essential Oils from Basil and Spearmint Against Two Major Pyralid Pests of Stored Products.
PubMed: UV-B is required for normal development of oil glands in Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil).
PubMed: Yield and oil composition of 38 basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) accessions grown in Mississippi.
PubMed: Effects of three AM fungi on growth, distribution of glandular hairs, and essential oil production in Ocimum basilicum L. var. Genovese.
PubMed: Antigiardial activity of Ocimum basilicum essential oil.
PubMed: Infraspecific taxonomy and essential oil chemotypes in sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum.
PubMed: Comparative volatile oil composition of four Ocimum species from northern India.
PubMed: Altered growth and polyamine catabolism following exposure of the chocolate spot pathogen Botrytis fabae to the essential oil of Ocimum basilicum.
PubMed: Resistance to essential oils affects survival of Salmonella enterica serovars in growing and harvested basil.
PubMed: Evaluation of gastric anti-ulcer activity of fixed oil of Ocimum basilicum Linn. and its possible mechanism of action.
PubMed: [Study on the constituents of volatile oil from Ocimum basilicum].
PubMed: Increased seizure latency and decreased severity of pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in mice after essential oil administration.
PubMed: Mechanism of action of antiinflammatory effect of fixed oil of Ocimum basilicum Linn.
PubMed: Comparative studies on the activity of basil--an essential oil from Ocimum basilicum L.--against multidrug resistant clinical isolates of the genera Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Pseudomonas by using different test methods.
PubMed: Effects of Ocimum basilicum L. extract on experimental acute inflammation.
PubMed: The main chemical composition and in vitro antifungal activity of the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth.
PubMed: Effect of inhaled essential oils on mental exhaustion and moderate burnout: a small pilot study.
PubMed: Comparative essential oil composition of flowers, leavesand stems of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) used as herb.
PubMed: Identification of the chemotypes of Ocimum forskolei and Ocimum basilicum by NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed: Ocimum basilicum ethanolic extract decreases cholesterol synthesis and lipid accumulation in human macrophages.
PubMed: Anthocyanin inheritance and instability in purple basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).
PubMed: Efficacy of essential oil of Ocimum basilicum L. and O. gratissimum L. applied as an insecticidal fumigant and powder to control Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.)
PubMed: Synthesis of highly active juvenile hormone analogs, juvocimene I and II, from the oil of sweet basil,Ocimum basilicum L.
PubMed: Protective effect of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) against oxidative DNA damage and mutagenesis.
PubMed: Soil bacteria elevate essential oil accumulation and emissions in sweet basil.
PubMed: In vitro activity of essential oils extracted from condiments against fluconazole-resistant and -sensitive Candida glabrata.
PubMed: Investigations on the essential oil of Ocimum basilicum.
PubMed: Toxicity and gastric tolerance of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum basilicum in Wistar rats.
PubMed: Biological activity of selected Lamiaceae and Zingiberaceae plant essential oils against the dengue vector Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Bioautography-guided isolation of antibacterial compounds of essential oils from Thai spices against histamine-producing bacteria.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of various essential oils and individual components against extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae and their chemical compositions.
PubMed: Comparison of Field and Laboratory-Based Tests for Behavioral Response of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) to Repellents.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities of essential oils of plants from Burkina Faso.
PubMed: The synergistic preservative effects of the essential oils of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) against acid-tolerant food microflora.
PubMed: Effects of essential oils from medicinal plants acclimated to Benin on in vitro ruminal fermentation of Andropogon gayanus grass.
PubMed: Oviposition-altering and ovicidal potentials of five essential oils against female adults of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed: Insecticidal activity of plant essential oils against the vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus.
PubMed: Evaluation of bioactivity of linalool-rich essential oils from Ocimum basilucum and Coriandrum sativum varieties.
PubMed: Insect repellent activity of medicinal plant oils against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles minimus (Theobald) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say based on protection time and biting rate.
PubMed: Modulatory potential of clocimum oil on mouse skin papillomagenesis and the xenobiotic detoxication system.
PubMed: Evaluation of antiinflammatory activity of fatty acids of Ocimum sanctum fixed oil.
PubMed: Anti-proliferative activity of essential oil extracted from Thai medicinal plants on KB and P388 cell lines.
PubMed: Effect of synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) on the toxicity of some essential oils against mosquito larvae.
PubMed: The potential of use basil and rosemary essential oils as effective antibacterial agents.
PubMed: The formulation of an effective topical antibacterial product containing Ocimum gratissimum leaf essential oil.
PubMed: Content, composition, and bioactivity of the essential oils of three basil genotypes as a function of harvesting.
PubMed: Chemical and pharmacological studies on fixed oil of Ocimum sanctum.
PubMed: The effects of herbal essential oils on the oviposition-deterrent and ovicidal activities of Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say).
PubMed: Essential oils and their principal constituents as antimicrobial agents for synthetic packaging films.
PubMed: Effect of synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) on the toxicity of some essential oils against mosquito larvae.
PubMed: Ultrasonic emulsification of food-grade nanoemulsion formulation and evaluation of its bactericidal activity.
PubMed: Evaluation of the leishmanicidal and cytotoxic potential of essential oils derived from ten colombian plants.
PubMed: Chemical and biological diversity in fourteen selections of four Ocimum species.
PubMed: Anthelmintic activity of essential oil of Ocimum sanctum and eugenol.
PubMed: Comparative evaluation of antiinflammatory potential of fixed oil of different species of Ocimum and its possible mechanism of action.
PubMed: Effect of Ocimum sanctum fixed oil on vascular permeability and leucocytes migration.
PubMed: Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rots caused by fungi on different stone fruits in vivo.
PubMed: Evaluation of immunomodulatory potential of Ocimum sanctum seed oil and its possible mechanism of action.
PubMed: 4-coumarate: CoA ligase partitions metabolites for eugenol biosynthesis.
PubMed: Composition and functional properties of the essential oil of amazonian basil, Ocimum micranthum Willd., Labiatae in comparison with commercial essential oils.
PubMed: Characterization of the volatile pattern and antioxidant capacity of essential oils from different species of the genus Ocimum.
PubMed: Efficacy of herbal essential oils as insecticide against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) and Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison).
PubMed: Effective treatment of experimental acute otitis media by application of volatile fluids into the ear canal.
PubMed: An investigation of the storage and biosynthesis of phenylpropenes in sweet basil.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of peppermint and sweet basil essential oils and their major aroma constituents on some plant pathogenic fungi from the vapor phase.
PubMed: Solvent-free microwave extraction of essential oil from aromatic herbs: comparison with conventional hydro-distillation.
PubMed: Antibacterial activities of essential oils from eight Greek aromatic plants against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Source-separated municipal solid waste compost application to Swiss chard and basil.
PubMed: Rapid classification of basil chemotypes by various vibrational spectroscopy methods.
PubMed: Characterization of the volatile composition of essential oils of some lamiaceae spices and the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the entire oils.
PubMed: Application of high Cu compost to Swiss chard and basil.
PubMed: An attempt of postharvest orange fruit rot control using essential oils from Mediterranean plants.
PubMed: Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial activity of Thai basil oils and their micro-emulsion formulas against Propionibacterium acnes.
PubMed: Antioxidant and cyclooxygenase inhibitory phenolic compounds from Ocimum sanctum Linn.
PubMed: Antibacterial effects of the essential oils of commonly consumed medicinal herbs using an in vitro model.
PubMed: [Phytochemical evaluation of essential oils, medicinal plants and their preparations].
PubMed: The effect of essential oils of basil on the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas fluorescens.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of some essential oils against microorganisms deteriorating fruit juices.
PubMed: Biological effects of some natural and chemical compounds on the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella Zell. (Lepidoptera:Gelechiidae).
PubMed: Antimicrobial activities of the volatile oils of Ocimum bacilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) against some aerobic dental isolates.
PubMed: Antibacterial properties of essential oils from Thai medicinal plants.
PubMed: Effect of essential oils on the growth of Fusarium verticillioides and fumonisin contamination in corn.
PubMed: Enantiomeric composition of (3R)-(-)- and (3S)-(+)-linalool in various essential oils of Indian origin by enantioselective capillary gas chromatography-flame ionization and mass spectrometry detection methods.
PubMed: Larvicidal and antifeedant activity of some plant-derived compounds to Lymantria dispar L. (Lepidoptera: Limantriidae).
PubMed: Susceptibility of the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid Dinarmus basalis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to three essential oils.
PubMed: Dibutyrate derivatization of monoacylglycerols for the resolution of regioisomers of oleic, petroselinic, and cis-vaccenic acids.
PubMed: Effect of various essential oils on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).
PubMed: In vitro activity of essential oils extracted from plants used as spices against fluconazole-resistant and fluconazole-susceptible Candida spp.
PubMed: Juvocimenes: potent juvenile hormone mimics from sweet basil.
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