EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

castor oil
fixed oil obtained from the seeds of castor, ricinus communis, euphorbiaceae

Supplier Sponsors

Name:ricinus communis l. seed oil
CAS Number: 8001-79-4
Other(deleted CASRN):151438-72-1
ECHA EC Number:232-293-8
FDA UNII: D5340Y2I9G
MDL:MFCD00130746
CoE Number:401
Formula:unspecified
Category:multipurpose additives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Additive: Castor Oil
GSFA Codex: Castor oil (1503)
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:castor oil
FEMA Number:2263 castor oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):8001-79-4 ; CASTOR OIL (RICINUS COMMUNIS L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.876 Castor oil.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.210 Defoaming agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2600 Rubber articles intended for repeated use.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2800 Textiles and textile fibers.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3520 Industrial starch-modified.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3910 Surface lubricants used in the manufacture of metallic articles.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.1 Diluents in color additive mixtures for food use exempt from certification.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale brown clear oily liquid (est)
Iodine Value:83-88
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.95500 to 0.96100 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.947 to 7.996
Refractive Index:1.46200 to 1.47200 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 313.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Saponification Value:176.00 to 185.00
Flash Point: 235.00 °F. TCC ( 112.78 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol, 95%
 water, 5.058e-016 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:none
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. faint odor
Taste Description: bland taste
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: fragrance
moisturising agents
skin conditioning
skin conditioning - emollient
smoothing agents
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Absolute Cosmetic Essentials
Organic Castor Oil
Achiewell
For experimental / research use only.
Castor Oil
Acme Synthetic Chemicals
Castor Oil
Acme-Hardesty
Castor Oil USP
Odor: characteristic
Use: Intermediate and Emollient for Pharmaceutical Creams and Lotions.
Acme-Hardesty
Castor Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Viscosity Modifier, Nonionic Surfactants, Intermediate and more.
Acme-Hardesty
Dehydrated Castor Oil
Acme-Hardesty
Pale Pressed Castor Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Used in Lipstick Formulations and as an Ingredient in Adhesives, Coatings and Sealants.
Acme-Hardesty
SD Castor Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Viscosity Modifier and Polyurethane Polyol - Low Moisture Castor Oil
American International Chemical, LLC.
VEGELATUM® CASTOR 1023
Augustus Oils
Castor Fixed Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Cosmetic uses include nail polishes, lotions, cremes and many stick products.
Services
Azelis UK
Castor Oil
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Castor oil PURIFIED
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Castor oil, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: rom folk medicine: Castor oil fomentations are recommended for ridding the body of hardened mucus in the form of cysts, tumors and polyps. The castor oil is applied by soaking a flannel cloth in the oil and applying it over the liver. A hot water bottle or electric heating pad is applied on top of the pack and left on the area for 30 to 60 minutes. This is repeated daily for three days followed by olive oil massages over the same area for three days. On the seventh day, it is recommended by some that the patient should rest by fasting on nothing but distilled water. Depending on the particular case, this procedure should be repeated for between six weeks to six months to properly cleanse the system.
Charkit Chemical
CASTOR OIL USP KOSHER
Charkit Chemical
CASTOR OIL USP
Charkit Chemical
CASTOR OIL, PALE PRESSED
Columbus Vegetable Oils
Castor Oil USP
Columbus Vegetable Oils
Castor Oils
Croda
Seatons Virgin Castor Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Super Refined Castor Oil is a highly purified version of naturally derived castor oil, which has a high degree of functionality, making it an extremely useful excipient. However, this increased functionality makes the molecule more susceptible to breakdown from oxidative stresses, such as polar impurities. Croda has addressed this issue by purifying (Super Refining) Castor Oil to remove these oxidative stresses, without altering the structure of the molecule. Super Refined Castor Oil is suitable for use in IV injections, ophthalmic emulsions, oral capsules and tablets and topical dosages and has a required HLB of 14.
Diffusions Aromatiques
RICIN HUILE VEGETALE BIO
ECSA Chemicals
CASTOR OIL COSMETIC GRADE
ECSA TRADE THE MOST UPDATED FINANCIAL PUBLICATION ON THE WORLD OF CHEMISTRY
ECSA Chemicals
CASTOR OIL PHARMA, FOR FOOD APPLICATIONS
ECSA Chemicals
CASTOR OIL
ECSA Chemicals
CASTOR OIL
ECSA Chemicals
CASTOR SEED ORGANIC OIL COSMETIC
ECSA Chemicals
REFINED CASTOR OIL PHARMA GRADE
ECSA Chemicals
VIRGIN CASTOR OIL PHARMA GRADE
El Malek
Castor Oil
100% natural and pure. EU, FDA
Ernesto Ventós
CASTOR OIL
F. P. Aromatics Singapore
Castor Oil
Foreverest Resources
Castor Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Castor oil is a composite triglycerides molecules , which extracted from seeds of ricinus communis. It appears light yellow or colorless color, has tasteless character, contents ricinoleic acid (80~85%), oleic acid (7%) and linoleic acid (3%).
Fuzhou Farwell
Castor Oil
Glentham Life Sciences
Castor oil, EP grade
H. Erhard Wagner
EWANOL RI-G (Castor Oil Ph. Eur. 7.0)
H. Erhard Wagner
EWANOL RI-P (Castor Oil No. 1)
Indenta Group
Castor Oil
India Essential Oils
Castor Oil
Lipo Chemicals
Lipovol® CO
Odor: characteristic
Use: Lipovol® CO is castor oil that imparts a velvety skin feel when used in skin care products. Castor oil is the emollient that is frequently used in lipsticks.
Lluch Essence
CASTOR OIL
Lluch Essence
CASTOR REFINED OIL
Moellhausen
CASTOR OIL
Mosselman
Castor Oil - 1st Pression
Mosselman
Castor Oil - Cristal
Mosselman
Castor Oil - Dehydrated
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Castor Oil (all Grades)
Penta International
CASTOR OIL FCC
Penta International
CASTOR OIL USP
Plants Power
Organic Castor oil
Sigma-Aldrich
Castor oil, Certified organic (NOP)
Certified Food Grade Products
Silverline Chemicals
Castor oil (BP) GRADE
Silverline Chemicals
Castor oil (cosmetic)
SRS Aromatics
CASTOR OIL
Wedor Corporation
CASTOR OIL
Welch, Holme & Clark
CASTOR OIL - PALE PRESSED
Odor: characteristic
Use: The uses of castor oil have changed over the years. Sixty years ago, castor oil was used for medicinal purposes and as a general industrial lubricant. Soon after, chemical engineers were able to produce derivatives of the oil that were of even more benefit to man. Sulfonated (sulfated) castor oil, or Turkey Red Oil , was the first synthetic detergent after ordinary soap, and other forms of the oil became important for the treatment of leather, industrial lubricants, and other industrial uses. Today, chemical engineers have come up with many uses of castor oil and its derivatives such as: polyamide 11 (Nylon 11) engineering plastic, lubricating grease, coatings, inks, sealant, aircraft lubricants, surfactants, emulsifiers, encapsulants, plastic films, plasticizer for coatings, and components for shatterproof safety glass. Castor oil has even made its way into cosmetics and related products due to its non comedogenicity. Obviously, castor oil and its derivatives have become an important commodity and is again a topic of interest to the chemical industry.
Welch, Holme & Clark
CASTOR OIL PALE PRESSED; U.S.P.
Odor: characteristic
Use: In summary, castor oil is today used in plastics, textiles, paints, cosmetics, and a number of inks and industrial adhesives. One reason for the current popularity of castor oil is due to the fact that its numerous chemical derivatives are "renewable sources, bio-degradable and eco-friendly."
Welch, Holme & Clark
INDUSTRIAL CASTOR OIL
Odor: characteristic
Use: The uses of castor oil have changed over the years. Sixty years ago, castor oil was used for medicinal purposes and as a general industrial lubricant. Soon after, chemical engineers were able to produce derivatives of the oil that were of even more benefit to man. Sulfonated (sulfated) castor oil, or Turkey Red Oil , was the first synthetic detergent after ordinary soap, and other forms of the oil became important for the treatment of leather, industrial lubricants, and other industrial uses. Today, chemical engineers have come up with many uses of castor oil and its derivatives such as: polyamide 11 (Nylon 11) engineering plastic, lubricating grease, coatings, inks, sealant, aircraft lubricants, surfactants, emulsifiers, encapsulants, plastic films, plasticizer for coatings, and components for shatterproof safety glass. Castor oil has even made its way into cosmetics and related products due to its non comedogenicity. Obviously, castor oil and its derivatives have become an important commodity and is again a topic of interest to the chemical industry.
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category:
multipurpose additives
Recommendation for castor oil usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -210.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.50000140.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 3.00000540.00000
fruit ices: 3.00000540.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 3.00000410.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8001-79-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
ricinus communis l. seed oil
Chemidplus:0008001794
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:8001-79-4
 
References:
 ricinus communis l. seed oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8001-79-4
Pubchem (sid):135279512
 
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
Export Tariff Code:1515.30.0000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Wikipedia:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
iso
butyl stearate
CS
ethyl 2,4,7-decatrienoate
FL/FR
9-
octadecenal
FL/FR
oleyl acetate
CS
(Z)-
oleyl alcohol
FR
iso
propyl myristate
CS
propylene glycol stearate
CS
alpha-
terpinen-7-al
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde diethyl acetal
FL/FR
valeraldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
fresh carbaldehyde
FR
green hexanal
FL/FR
octane nitrile
FR
TMH aldehyde
FR
undecanal
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
animal
costus valerolactone
FR
balsamic
cypress absolute
FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
buttery
acetoin
FL/FR
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
caramellic
strawberry furanone acetate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL/FR
citrus
aldehydic nitrile
FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
octanal glycol acetal
FR
coconut
delta-2-
dodecenolactone
FL/FR
delta-
octalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
coffee
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
creamy
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
earthy
methyl undecylenate
FL/FR
ethereal
decyl propionate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl cyclohexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
apricot kernel oil
FL/FR
butyl stearate
FL/FR
iso
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
coconut absolute
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
decanoic acid
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
2-
decenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
2-
dodecen-1-ol
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
hexanoic acid
FL/FR
hexyl pivalate
FR
lauric acid
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
neryl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
nonenal
CS
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
octanoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
2-
octenal
FL/FR
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
perilla seed oil
FL/FR
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
2,4-
undecadien-1-ol
FR
undecanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
10-
undecen-2-one
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
benzyl lactate
FL/FR
decanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
honeysuckle absolute
FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
jasmin concrete
FR
jasmin concrete morocco
FR
lily of the valley absolute
FR
mimosa concrete france
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
octanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
fresh
decyl vinyl ether
FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hepten-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
octyl heptanoate
FL/FR
propyl 2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
green
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
heptanal cyclic propylene acetal
FL/FR
3-
heptanone
FL/FR
2-
heptenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
heptyl furan
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
perilla alcohol
FL/FR
herbal
benzyl octanoate
FL/FR
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
meaty
sulfurol
FL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
musk
exaltone (Firmenich)
FR
dextro,laevo-
muscone
FL/FR
musk xylol
CS
nutty
2,4,5-
trimethyl oxazole
FL/FR
oily
petal pyranone
FL/FR
popcorn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
soapy
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
spicy
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
cumin seed oil
FL/FR
gingergrass oil
FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
tonka
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
methyl myristate
FL/FR
methyl undecanoate
FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
palmitic acid
FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
woody
amber carbinol
FR
amyris acetate
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
allyl cyclohexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
apricot kernel oil
FL/FR
benzyl lactate
FL/FR
benzyl octanoate
FL/FR
butyl stearate
FL/FR
iso
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
3-oxo
decanoic acid glyceride
FL
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
2-
decenoic acid
FL
decyl propionate
FL/FR
3-oxo
dodecanoic acid glyceride
FL
2-
dodecen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
dodecen-1-ol
FL
(E)-2-
dodecen-1-yl acetate
FL
11-
dodecenoic acid
FL
delta-2-
dodecenolactone
FL/FR
elecampane root absolute
FL
epoxy-2-decenal
FL
2,3-
epoxydecanal
FL
2,3-
epoxyheptanal
FL
ethyl 2,4,7-decatrienoate
FL/FR
furfuryl hexanoate
FL
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
heptanal cyclic propylene acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hepten-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
2-
heptenal
FL/FR
3-oxo
hexadecanoic acid glyceride (palm oil glycerides mono- and di- hydrogenated)
FL
hexanal butane-2,3-diol acetal
FL
hexanal octane-1,3-diol acetal
FL
3-oxo
hexanoic acid glyceride
FL
hexyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL
lauric acid
FL/FR
methionyl acetate
FL
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
5-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL
methyl myristate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one
FL
neryl acetone
FL/FR
2-
nonenoic acid
FL
(E)-2-
nonenoic acid
FL
9-
octadecenal
FL/FR
3-oxo
octanoic acid glyceride
FL
2-
octenal
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octenoic acid
FL
3-
octenoic acid
FL
octyl heptanoate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl pyridine
FL
perilla seed oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinen-7-al
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
undecanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
valeraldehyde diethyl acetal
FL
iso
valeraldehyde diethyl acetal
FL/FR
valeraldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
10-
undecen-2-one
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
aromatic
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
astringent
2,3-
dimethyl quinoxaline
FL
bitter
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
burnt
1,6-
hexane dithiol
FL
2,4,5-
trimethyl oxazole
FL/FR
caramellic
strawberry furanone acetate
FL/FR
cheesy
hexanoic acid
FL/FR
coconut
delta-
octalactone
FL/FR
coffee
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
corn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
creamy
acetoin
FL/FR
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethereal
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
butyl oleate
FL
coconut absolute
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
decadienal
FL
2-
decenal
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfoxide
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
dodecadienal
FL
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadienal
FL
2-
heptyl furan
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
nonadienal
FL
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
2,4-
octadien-1-ol
FL
(Z)-3-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
mimosa concrete france
FL/FR
orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
green
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
FL
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
heptenal
FL
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal
FL/FR
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
2,4-
octadienal
FL
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
green hexanal
FL/FR
5-
hydroxymethyl furfural
FL
ketonic
3-
heptanone
FL/FR
lactonic
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
meaty
12-
methyl tridecanal
FL
sulfurol
FL/FR
melon
propyl 2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
milky
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-3-(
methyl thio) butanone
FL
musk
dextro,laevo-
muscone
FL/FR
oily
2-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL/FR
petal pyranone
FL/FR
ripe
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
roasted
hexyl mercaptan
FL
soapy
decanoic acid
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
octanoic acid
FL/FR
spicy
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
cumin seed oil
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
sulfurous
roasted butanol
FL
sweet
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
waxy
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
methyl undecylenate
FL/FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
woody
perilla alcohol
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRapple
FRcranberry
 emollients
FLorange bitter orange
FRstrawberry
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 ricinus communis
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Synonyms:
 castor oil
 castor oil FCC
 castor oil organic
 castor oil USP
 cosmetol
 fixed oil obtained from the seeds of castor, ricinus communis, euphorbiaceae
 neoloid
 palma christi oil
 phorbyol
 ricinus communis seed oil
 ricinus oil (ricinus communis)
 ricirus oil
 tangan tangan oil
 tangan-tangan oil (ricinus communis)
 

Articles:

PubMed:Synthesis of Rotenone-O-monosaccharide Derivatives and Their Phloem Mobility.
PubMed:Solvent-free enzymatic synthesis of feruloylated structured lipids by the transesterification of ethyl ferulate with castor oil.
PubMed:Response of multiple generations of semilooper, Achaea janata feeding on castor to elevated CO2.
PubMed:Fatty acid profile of cheese from dairy goats fed a diet enriched with castor, sesame and faveleira vegetable oils.
PubMed:Effect of skin coatings on prolonging shelf life of kagzi lime fruits (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle).
PubMed:Multiplex profiling of glycoproteins using a novel bead-based lectin array.
PubMed:Valorization of solid olive mill wastes by cultivation of a local strain of edible mushrooms.
PubMed:Recovery of different waste vegetable oils for biodiesel production: a pilot experience in Bahia State, Brazil.
PubMed:Preparation methods for monodispersed garlic oil microspheres in water using the microemulsion technique and their potential as antimicrobials.
PubMed:Preference of a polyphagous mirid bug, Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dür) for flowering host plants.
PubMed:Adhesion of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains to neoglycans synthesised with prebiotic galactooligosaccharides.
PubMed:Suitability of different pollen as alternative food for the predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii (Acari, Phytoseiidae).
PubMed:Determination of free fatty acids in pharmaceutical lipids by (1)H NMR and comparison with the classical acid value.
PubMed:Isolation and biochemical characterization of Bacillus pumilus lipases from the Antarctic.
PubMed:Review of the inhibition of biological activities of food-related selected toxins by natural compounds.
PubMed:Synthesis of a series of monosaccharide-fipronil conjugates and their phloem mobility.
PubMed:Epidemiology of intoxication of domestic animals by plants in Europe.
PubMed:Mining the "glycocode"--exploring the spatial distribution of glycans in gastrointestinal mucin using force spectroscopy.
PubMed:Synthesis and evaluation of antioxidant and antifungal activities of novel ricinoleate-based lipoconjugates of phenolic acids.
PubMed:Performance of Amblyseius herbicolus on broad mites and on castor bean and sunnhemp pollen.
PubMed:Genome-wide identification and analysis of the B3 superfamily of transcription factors in Brassicaceae and major crop plants.
PubMed:Fractionation of ethylcellulose oleogels during setting.
PubMed:Improving the quality of polymer-coated urea with recycled plastic, proper additives, and large tablets.
PubMed:Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) female ticks exposed to castor oil (Ricinus communis): an ultrastructural overview.
PubMed:Effect of ricinoleic acid esters from castor oil (Ricinus communis) on the oocyte yolk components of the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed:Milk inhibits the biological activity of ricin.
PubMed:Uptake and phloem transport of glucose-fipronil conjugate in Ricinus communis involve a carrier-mediated mechanism.
PubMed:Synthesis of naringin 6"-ricinoleate using immobilized lipase.
PubMed:The bacterial-type phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase isozyme from developing castor oil seeds is subject to in vivo regulatory phosphorylation at serine-451.
PubMed:Real-time cytotoxicity assay for rapid and sensitive detection of ricin from complex matrices.
PubMed:Detection of ricin contamination in liquid egg by electrochemiluminescence immunosorbent assay.
PubMed:Programmed cell death in Ricinus and Arabidopsis: the function of KDEL cysteine peptidases in development.
PubMed:Natural and synthetic antioxidant additives for improving the performance of new biolubricant formulations.
PubMed:Antidiarrheal activity of Laurus nobilis L. leaf extract in rats.
PubMed:Detection of ricin contamination in ground beef by electrochemiluminescence immunosorbent assay.
PubMed:Synthesis of glucose-fipronil conjugate and its phloem mobility.
PubMed:The phytoremediation potential of bioenergy crop Ricinus communis for DDTs and cadmium co-contaminated soil.
PubMed:Screening of the entire USDA castor germplasm collection for oil content and fatty acid composition for optimum biodiesel production.
PubMed:Identification of critical amino acids in the IgE epitopes of Ric c 1 and Ric c 3 and the application of glutamic acid as an IgE blocker.
PubMed:Medicinal plants of the Mien (Yao) in Northern Thailand and their potential value in the primary healthcare of postpartum women.
PubMed:In silico structural characteristics and α-amylase inhibitory properties of Ric c 1 and Ric c 3, allergenic 2S albumins from Ricinus communis seeds.
PubMed:Toxicological assessment of Ricinus communis Linn root extracts.
PubMed:Guiding bone formation in a critical-sized defect and assessments.
PubMed:Effects of ricinoleic acid esters from castor oil of Ricinus communis on the vitellogenesis of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks.
PubMed:Ricin toxicokinetics and its sensitive detection in mouse sera or feces using immuno-PCR.
PubMed:Utilisation of priority traditional medicinal plants and local people's knowledge on their conservation status in arid lands of Kenya (Mwingi District).
PubMed:Thermal stability of ricin in orange and apple juices.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of water/oil/water emulsions stabilized by polyglycerol polyricinoleate and whey protein isolate.
PubMed:Characterization of the 11S globulin gene family in the castor plant Ricinus communis L.
PubMed:Biorecognition of chemically modified bovine serum albumin with lactose prepared under different conditions.
PubMed:Photoprotective potential of emulsions formulated with Buriti oil (Mauritia flexuosa) against UV irradiation on keratinocytes and fibroblasts cell lines.
PubMed:Undecylenic acid: a valuable and physiologically active renewable building block from castor oil.
PubMed:Accumulation of arsenic and nutrients by castor bean plants grown on an As-enriched nutrient solution.
PubMed:Distribution, feeding behavior and control strategies of the exotic land snail Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in the northeast of Brazil.
PubMed:Deacidification of high free fatty acid-containing rice bran oil by non-conventional reesterification process.
PubMed:Antidiabetic activity of 50% ethanolic extract of Ricinus communis and its purified fractions.
PubMed:Assessment of potential indigenous plant species for the phytoremediation of arsenic-contaminated areas of Bangladesh.
PubMed:Sequential interpenetrating polymer networks produced from vegetable oil based polyurethane and poly(methyl methacrylate).
PubMed:Detection of ricin in food using electrochemiluminescence-based technology.
PubMed:Regiospecific identification of 2-(12-ricinoleoylricinoleoyl)-1,3-diricinoleoyl-sn-glycerol in castor (Ricinus communis L.) oil by ESI-MS(4).
PubMed:Final report on the safety assessment of Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Glyceryl Ricinoleate, Glyceryl Ricinoleate SE, Ricinoleic Acid, Potassium Ricinoleate, Sodium Ricinoleate, Zinc Ricinoleate, Cetyl Ricinoleate, Ethyl Ricinoleate, Glycol Ricinoleate, Isopropyl Ricinoleate, Methyl Ricinoleate, and Octyldodecyl Ricinoleate.
PubMed:Temporal and spatial expression of 2S albumin in castor (Ricinus communis L.).
PubMed:Gastrointestinal medications in pregnancy.
PubMed:Effect of discriminative plant-sugar feeding on the survival and fecundity of Anopheles gambiae.
PubMed:[Biology of Amblyseius largoensis (Muma) (Acari: Phytoseiidae), a potential predator of Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) on coconut trees].
PubMed:Cloning of phospholipase D from grape berry and its expression under heat acclimation.
PubMed:[Optimization and evaluation of a new antischistosomal drug QH917 self-microemulsifying drug delivery system].
PubMed:Discriminative feeding behaviour of Anopheles gambiae s.s. on endemic plants in western Kenya.
PubMed:Regiospecific analysis of diricinoleoylacylglycerols in castor (Ricinus communis L.) oil by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Thermal inactivation of ricin using infant formula as a food matrix.
PubMed:Toxicology and pharmacology of sodium ricinoleate.
PubMed:Stable bioavailability of cyclosporin A, regardless of food intake, from soft gelatin capsules containing a new self-nanoemulsifying formulation.
PubMed:Identification of (12-ricinoleoylricinoleoyl)diricinoleoylglycerol, an acylglycerol containing four acyl chains, in castor (Ricinus communis L.) oil by LC-ESI-MS.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of neutral lipids of desilked eri silkworm pupae grown on castor and tapioca leaves.
PubMed:Molecular cloning of cDNA, recombinant protein expression and characterization of a buckwheat 16-kDa major allergen.
PubMed:Ricin poisoning: a comprehensive review.
PubMed:Optimization of alkaline transesterification of soybean oil and castor oil for biodiesel production.
PubMed:Influence of diet on life table parameters of Iphiseius degenerans (Acari: Phytoseiidae).
PubMed:A simple and sensitive assay for distinguishing the expression of ricin and Ricinus communis agglutinin genes in developing castor seed (R. communis L.).
PubMed:Performance of Spodoptera litura Fabricius on different host plants: influence of nitrogen and total phenolics of plants and mid-gut esterase activity of the insect.
PubMed:Fish, so foul! Foodborne illness caused by combined fish histamine and wax ester poisoning.
PubMed:Optimization of enzymatic production of biodiesel from castor oil in organic solvent medium.
PubMed:Ethnomedical value of Cissampelos pareira extract in experimentally induced diarrhoea.
PubMed:Optimization of a supercritical fluid extraction/reaction methodology for the analysis of castor oil using experimental design.
PubMed:Solution structure of RicC3, a 2S albumin storage protein from Ricinus communis.
PubMed:Paronychia in cashew nut industry workers.
PubMed:Molecular species of acylglycerols incorporating radiolabeled fatty acids from castor (Ricinus communis L.) microsomal incubations.
PubMed:The influence of vegetable oils on biosurfactant production by Serratia marcescens.
PubMed:Antidiarrhoeal activity of piperine in mice.
PubMed:Chemical, pathological and toxicological studies of the effects of RICOM-1013-J of Ricinus communis var minor on women volunteers and rodents.
PubMed:Myeloperoxidase activity of the large intestine in an equine model of acute colitis.
PubMed:Evaluation of the in vitro and in vivo performance of two sustained-release lithium carbonate matrix tablets. Effect of different diets on the bioavailability.
PubMed:The fate of ingested glyceran esters of condensed castor oil fatty acids [polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR)] in the rat.
PubMed:Overview of the preparation, use and biological studies on polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR).
PubMed:Evaluation of the effect of 3 different diets on the bioavailability of 2 sustained release theophylline matrix tablets.
PubMed:Lectin-binding glycoconjugates in Paramecium primaurelia: changes with cellular age and starvation.
PubMed:Sugar meal sources for the phlebotomine sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis in Ceará State, Brazil.
PubMed:Comparative toxicity of Ricinus communis and Jatropha curcas in Brown Hisex chicks.
PubMed:Interactions with lectins and agglutination profiles of clinical, food, and environmental isolates of Listeria.
PubMed:Effect of detoxification of castor seed (Ricinus communis) protein isolate on its nutritional quality.
PubMed:Mortality of Leishmania major in Phlebotomus papatasi caused by plant feeding of the sand flies.
PubMed:Production and chemical evaluation of some food condiments of Nigeria.
PubMed:Nursing implications in the administration of paclitaxel (TAXOL).
PubMed:Screening for IgE mediated allergy among people working in the Marseilles harbour.
PubMed:[Investigation of maternal peripheral plasma concentration of PG in induction of labor by nutrition food inductive drug].
PubMed:Response of brown hisex chicks to low levels of Jatropha curcas, Ricinus communis or their mixture.
PubMed:Comparative study of microorganisms and sensory attributes of condiments from the fermentation of different seeds.
PubMed:Castor-oil induced diarrhoea in ponies: a model for acute colitis.
PubMed:Lectin-like binding of pertussis toxin to a 165-kilodalton Chinese hamster ovary cell glycoprotein.
PubMed:The relationship between total serum IgE and castor-bean-specific IgE antibodies in castor-bean-sensitive patients from Marseilles.
PubMed:Buckwheat allergy: health food, an inhalation health risk.
PubMed:Participation of algal surface structures in the cell recognition process during infection of aposymbiotic Paramecium bursaria with symbiotic chlorellae.
PubMed:Extraction and partial purification of ricin from Ricinus communis L.
PubMed:Effects of ricinoleic and oleic acids on the digestive contractile activity of the canine small and large bowel.
PubMed:Gastrointestinal effects and acute toxicity of suprofen.
PubMed:[On the toxicity of CT-1341 evoked by long-term administration. III. Subacute toxicity of alphadolone acetate and solvent contained in CT-1341 (author's transl)].
PubMed:The oilseed industry of India--potential for food use of proteins.
 
Notes:
oil obtained from seeds of ricinus communis that is used as a cathartic and as a plasticizer. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it consists primarily of the glycerides of the fatty acid ricinoleic. (ricinus communis).
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