2-decenoic acid
1-nonenylcarboxylic acid
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    • CTC Organics
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      Your source for rare aroma chemicals for the flavor and fragrance industy.
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      W2272 trans-2-decenoic acid
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    • Penta International Corporation
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      04-03800 2-DECENOIC ACID, Kosher
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dec-2-enoic acid (Click)
CAS Number: 3913-85-7
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 223-475-8
CoE Number: 10087
XlogP3-AA: 3.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 170.25186000
Formula: C10 H18 O2
NMR Predictor: Predict
EFSA/JECFA Comments: CASrn in Register does not specify (Z) or (E) isomer. Mixture of (Z)- and (E)- isomers (EFFA, 2010a). Composition of stereoisomeric mixture to be specified.
Category: flavoring agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Flavis Number: 08.073 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 08.073  dec-2-enoic acid
FEMA Number: 3913  2-decenoic acid
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid to solid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.92300 to 0.93300 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.680 to  7.763
Refractive Index: 1.45600 to 1.46600 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 10.00 to  12.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 271.00 to  273.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.001000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 365.00 °F. TCC ( 185.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.800
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fatty
 floral  green  metallic  herbal  balsamic  
Odor Description:
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
2-Decenoic Acid
CTC Organics
trans-2-decenoic acid
Inoue Perfumery
Penta International
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Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for 2-decenoic acid usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.012 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 4.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 19
Click here to view publication 19
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 5.0000010.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.000005.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 1.000002.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: 1.000002.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 2.000005.00000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: 2.000004.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 5.000007.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: 2.000004.00000
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: 2.000003.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes and related substances used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 5, Revision 1 (FGE.05Rev1):Esters of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and of one secondary alcohol, and branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1, 2, and 5 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) [1] - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 71: Consideration of aliphatic, linear, alpha,beta-unsaturated carboxylic acids and related esters
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 5, Revision 2 (FGE.05Rev2): Branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters of these with aliphatic saturated alcohols from chemical groups 1, 2, 3 and 5
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 96 (FGE.96): Consideration of 88 flavouring substances considered by EFSA for which EU production volumes / anticipated production volumes have been submitted on request by DG SANCO. Addendum to FGE. 51, 52, 53, 54, 56, 58, 61, 62, 63, 64, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 76, 77, 79, 80, 83, 84, 85 and 87.
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Chemicalize.org: Calculate predicted properties
Cancer Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 dec-2-enoic acid
Chemidplus: 0003913857
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 dec-2-enoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid): 94282
Pubchem (sid): 135050647
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
2-acetyl pyridineFL/FR
 aldehydic nitrileFR
 allyl cyclohexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
 amber carbinolFR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl laurateFL/FR
 amyris acetateFR
 benzyl lactateFL/FR
 benzyl laurateFL/FR
 benzyl octanoateFL/FR
 butyl oleateFL
 butyl stearateFL/FR
isobutyl stearateCS
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
isobutyl undecylenateFL/FR
 coconut absoluteFL/FR
 costus valerolactoneFR
 cumin seed oilFL/FR
 cyclohexyl acetic acidFL/FR
 cypress absoluteFR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
 decanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 decanoic acidFL/FR
3-oxododecanoic acid glycerideFL
(E)-2-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
 decyl propionateFL/FR
 decyl vinyl etherFR
 dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)FL
2,3-dimethyl quinoxalineFL
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
 dioctyl malonate 
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
 dodecanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-oxodecanoic acid glycerideFL
(E)-2-dodecen-1-yl acetateFL
11-dodecenoic acidFL
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl 2,4,7-decatrienoateFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
 fresh carbaldehydeFR
 furfuryl hexanoateFL
 furfuryl mercaptanFL/FR
 gingergrass oilFR
 green hexanalFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
 heptanal cyclic propylene acetalFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(E)-2-hepten-1-yl acetateFL/FR
2-heptyl furanFL/FR
3-oxohexadecanoic acid glyceride (palm oil glycerides mono- and di- hydrogenated)FL
 hexanal (aldehyde C-6)FL/FR
 hexanal butane-2,3-diol acetalFL
 hexanal octane-1,3-diol acetalFL
1,6-hexane dithiolFL
 hexanoic acidFL/FR
3-oxohexanoic acid glycerideFL
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl pyruvateFL/FR
 hexyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFR
 hexyl mercaptanFL
 hexyl pivalateFR
5-hydroxymethyl furfuralFL
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 lauric acidFL/FR
 methyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
2-methyl hexanoic acidFL/FR
5-methyl hexanoic acidFL
 methyl myristateFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
dextro,laevo-3-(methyl thio) butanoneFL
 methionyl acetateFL
12-methyl tridecanalFL
 methyl undecanoateFR
 methyl undecylenateFL/FR
3-(5-methyl-2-furyl) butanalFL
 mimosa concrete franceFL/FR
 neryl acetoneFL/FR
 neryl butyrateFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadien-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-nonenoic acidFL
2-nonenoic acidFL
 octanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 octanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 octanal glycol acetalFR
 octane nitrileFR
 octanoic acidFL/FR
3-oxooctanoic acid glycerideFL
(E)-2-octen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
(E)-2-octenoic acidFL
(Z)-5-octenoic acidFL
3-octenoic acidFL
 octyl heptanoateFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 oleyl acetateCS
2-pentyl pyridineFL
 perilla alcoholFL/FR
 perilla seed oilFL/FR
 petal pyranoneFL/FR
 allspice leaf oilFL/FR
 propyl 2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
isopropyl myristateCS
 roasted butanolFL
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 TMH aldehydeFR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
 undecanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
 valeraldehyde diethyl acetalFL
isovaleraldehyde diethyl acetalFL/FR
 valeraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
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Potential Uses:
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 tea black tea
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 dec-2-enoic acid
1-nonenylcarboxylic acid
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click on the picture(s) below to
interact with the 3D model
Picture of molecule
Soluble in:
 water, 86.48 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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