EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

quercus alba chips extract
oak chips extract

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 68917-11-3
ECHA EC Number:272-838-7
Category:cosmetic and flavor agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
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US Patents:Search
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PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2794 oak chips extract
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: OAK CHIPS, WHITE, EXTRACT (QUERCUS ALBA L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale brown to dark brown liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength:medium
woody smoky whiskey
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. woody smoky whiskey
woody alcoholic brown smoky whiskey brandy spicy woody oak wood
Odor Description:Woody, alcoholic, brown, smoky, whiskey and brandy with a spicy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 2, 47, (1996)
Flavor Type: woody
alcoholic woody smoky whiskey rummy woody oak wood
Taste Description: at 0.20 %. Alcoholic, woody, oak, smoky, whiskey and rum
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 2, 47, (1996)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Frutarom
OAK CHIPS SE FR
Taste Description:Sweet, Woody, Vanilla-like, Spicy, Smokey
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Frutarom
NUTREE
Frutarom
OAK CHIP FE 42-48% ALC.
Frutarom
OAK CHIP FE FR 52-58% ALCOHOL
Frutarom
OAK CHIPS CONCENTRATE #5-WT
Frutarom
OAK CHIPS CONCENTRATE #5
Frutarom
OAK CHIPS FE(EU) 52-60% ALCOHOL
Frutarom
OAK CHIPS SE FR
Flavor: Sweet, Woody, Vanilla-like, Spicy, Smokey
Horner International
Oak Chip Extract
Horner International
Oak Chip Spray-Dried Powder Extract
Naturex
Oak Chips Extract
NAT arom®, liquid or powder forms
Penta International
OAK CHIPS SOLID EXTRACT (Quercus alba L.) (Botanical Division), Kosher
Robertet
OAK WOOD
Pure & Nat on mygliol
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic and flavor agents
Recommendation for quercus alba chips extract usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -63.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 2.5000021.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 1000.000001000.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 2.5000084.00000
fruit ices: 2.5000084.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 2.5000063.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
Daily Med:search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
quercus alba l. extract
Chemidplus:0068917113
 
References:
 quercus alba l. extract
Pubchem (sid):135311670
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:1302.19.0000
Wikipedia:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
prunus serotina bark extract
FL/FR
alcoholic
alcoholic
fusel oil
FL/FR
aldehydic
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
alliaceous
ferula assa-foetida gum oil
FL/FR
amber
(Z)-
abienol
FL/FR
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
ambroxan
FL/FR
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus absolute resin
FL/FR
labdanum absolute
FL/FR
labdanum oil
FL/FR
balsamic
abies alba needle oil
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
copaifera reticulata extract
FL/FR
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
peru balsam resinoid
FL/FR
bready
furfural
FL/FR
burnt
rum ether
FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
chemical
styralyl alcohol
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil terpeneless
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
earthy
2-
octanone
FL/FR
ethereal
methyl acetate
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil peru
FL/FR
cassie absolute
FL/FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
dihydro-alpha-ionone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
ionol
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
ionone
FL/FR
beta-
ionyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
irone
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
methyl ionyl acetate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
mimosa tenuiflora leaf extract
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
orris rhizome absolute (iris germanica)
FL/FR
orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)
FL/FR
orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)
FL/FR
orris rhizome oil (iris germanica)
FL/FR
orris rhizome resinoid (iris germanica)
FL/FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
fruity
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
pineapple hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
green
geranic acid
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
perilla alcohol
FL/FR
3,5,5-
trimethyl hexanol
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower extract
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
salvia sclarea oil
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
thymol
FL/FR
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
mentholic
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
(±)-
menthone
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
musk
dextro,laevo-
muscone
FL/FR
naphthyl
ortho-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
nutty
2-
ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
nutty cyclohexenone
FL/FR
phenolic
2,3-
dimethyl benzofuran
FL/FR
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
2-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
powdery
(E)-alpha-
methyl ionone (74-80%)
FL/FR
smoky
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids hickory
FL/FR
spicy
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ortho-
methoxycinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl eugenol
FR
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myrcene
FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
mango thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tobacco
honey absolute
FL/FR
tonka
whiskey lactone
FL/FR
tropical
genet absolute
FL/FR
hotrienol
FL/FR
waxy
orris rhizome oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
woody
iso
bornyl isovalerate
FL/FR
bornyl valerate
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
cedarwood oil terpenes
FL/FR
copaiba balsam
FL/FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
cycloionone
FL/FR
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
frankincense gum
FL/FR
frankincense resin
FL/FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
guaiacum officinale gum extract
FL/FR
guaiacum officinale wood extract
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
humulus lupulus extract
FL/FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
juniperus communis wood extract
FL/FR
labdanum oleoresin
FL/FR
mimosa concrete morocco
FL/FR
patchouli essence
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil china
FL/FR
patchouli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
patchouli oil decolorized
FL/FR
patchouli oil molecular distilled
FL/FR
pock wood oil
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
sandalwood essence
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sandalwood resinoid
FL/FR
santalyl acetate
FL/FR
sclareolide
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
vetiver essence
FL/FR
vetiver oil bourbon
FL/FR
vetiver oil brazil
FL/FR
vetiver oil china
FL/FR
vetiver oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiver oil india
FL/FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
ferula assa-foetida gum oil
FL/FR
amber
cistus ladaniferus absolute resin
FL/FR
labdanum absolute
FL/FR
labdanum oil
FL/FR
aromatic
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
copaifera reticulata extract
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
peru balsam resinoid
FL/FR
berry
dihydro-alpha-ionone
FL/FR
bitter
paullinia cupana seed extract
FL
brown
furfural
FL/FR
burnt
rum ether
FL/FR
camphoreous
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
ortho-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
chemical
2,3-
dimethyl benzofuran
FL/FR
styralyl alcohol
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil terpeneless
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
dairy
2-
octanone
FL/FR
ethereal
methyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil peru
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
hotrienol
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
methyl ionone (74-80%)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
mimosa tenuiflora leaf extract
FL/FR
orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)
FL/FR
orris rhizome oil (iris germanica)
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
fruity
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
fusel oil
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
pineapple hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
prunus serotina bark extract
FL/FR
tamarind flavor
FL
green
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
geranic acid
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
iso
phorone
FL
3,5,5-
trimethyl hexanol
FL/FR
hay
genet absolute
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower extract
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
salvia sclarea oil
FL/FR
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
honey
honey absolute
FL/FR
medicinal
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
minty
(±)-
menthone
FL/FR
musk
dextro,laevo-
muscone
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
nutty
2-
ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
nutty cyclohexenone
FL/FR
nutty thiazole
FL
phenolic
thymol
FL/FR
pine
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
roasted
acer spicatum bark extract
FL
rummy
rum
FL
smoky
prosopis juliflora wood extract
FL
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids hickory
FL/FR
solvent
methyl phenyl sulfide
FL
2-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cassie absolute
FL/FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
cola acuminata seed tincture
FL
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ortho-
methoxycinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
mango thiol
FL/FR
sweet
orris rhizome absolute (iris germanica)
FL/FR
orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)
FL/FR
terpenic
abies alba needle oil
FL/FR
para-
cymene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
vanilla
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
waxy
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
woody
(Z)-
abienol
FL/FR
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
ambroxan
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isovalerate
FL/FR
bornyl valerate
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
cedarwood oil terpenes
FL/FR
copaiba balsam
FL/FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
cycloionone
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
frankincense gum
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
frankincense resin
FL/FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
ginseng distillates
FL
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
guaiacum officinale gum extract
FL/FR
guaiacum officinale wood extract
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
humulus lupulus extract
FL/FR
alpha-
ionol
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
ionone
FL/FR
beta-
ionyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
irone
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
juniperus communis wood extract
FL/FR
labdanum oleoresin
FL/FR
methyl ionyl acetate
FL/FR
mimosa concrete morocco
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
oak distillates
FL
oak flavor
FL
orris rhizome oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
orris rhizome resinoid (iris germanica)
FL/FR
panax ginseng root extract
FL
patchouli essence
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil china
FL/FR
patchouli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
patchouli oil decolorized
FL/FR
patchouli oil molecular distilled
FL/FR
perilla alcohol
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
pock wood oil
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
quercus robur bark extract
FL
sabinene
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
sandalwood essence
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sandalwood resinoid
FL/FR
santalyl acetate
FL/FR
sclareolide
FL/FR
spruce flavor
FL
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
vetiver essence
FL/FR
vetiver oil bourbon
FL/FR
vetiver oil brazil
FL/FR
vetiver oil china
FL/FR
vetiver oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiver oil india
FL/FR
whiskey lactone
FL/FR
yerba mate concentrate
FL
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 astringents
FLbeverage
 skin conditioning
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 quercus alba chips
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Synonyms:
 oak (american toasted) 10x extract natural
 oak (american toasted) 16x extract natural
 oak chip extract
 oak chip spray-dried powder extract
 oak chips extract
 oak chips solid extract (quercus alba l.)
 oak solid extract natural
 

Articles:

PubMed:Extraction of betulin, trimyristin, eugenol and carnosic acid using water-organic solvent mixtures.
PubMed:Gene expression profiles of different breast cancer cells compared with their responsiveness to fermented mistletoe (Viscum album L.) extracts Iscador from oak (Quercus), pine (Pinus), white fir (Abies) and apple tree (Malus) in vitro.
PubMed:Sensory-directed identification of taste-active ellagitannins in American (Quercus alba L.) and European oak wood (Quercus robur L.) and quantitative analysis in bourbon whiskey and oak-matured red wines.
PubMed:Woodman's disease: hypersensitivity pneumonitis from cutting live trees.
 
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