curled parsley herb
petroselinum crispum herb
 
Notes:
None found
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Name: petroselinum crispum
FDA internal no.: 977051-58-3 
Category: spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number: 2835  curled parsley herb
FDA Mainterm: PARSLEY (PETROSELINUM SPP.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 101 -- FOOD LABELING
Subpart B--Specific Food Labeling Requirements
Sec. 101.22 Foods; labeling of spices, flavorings, colorings and chemical preservatives.


FDA PART 139 -- MACARONI AND NOODLE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Macaroni and Noodle Products
Sec. 139.125 Vegetable macaroni products.


FDA PART 139 -- MACARONI AND NOODLE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Macaroni and Noodle Products
Sec. 139.160 Vegetable noodle products.


FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.10 Spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings.
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength: low
 parsley  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
parsley
 parsley  
Taste Description:
parsley
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
American Natural & Organic Spices
Parsley, Available as 100% Certified Organic
Astral Extracts
Parsley - Flakes
Bristol Botanicals
Parsley - ground Petroselenium crispum
Bristol Botanicals
Parsley Petroselinium crispum
Doug Jeffords Company
Parsley: Flakes, Granules or Powder
Elite Spice
Parsley
Fuchs North America
Parsley
Mountain Valley Growers
Petroselinium crispum Curled Parsley
SupHerb Farms
Parsley Large
Fresh Frozen
SupHerb Farms
Parsley Small
Fresh Frozen
Whole Herb
Parsley
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
Recommendation for curled parsley herb usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -850.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -3000.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -2700.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -1000.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: 200.00000500.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 petroselinum crispum
Chemidplus: 0977051583
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References:
 petroselinum crispum
Pubchem (sid): 135343091
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status: View
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 parsley
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 apium crispum
 apium petroselinum herb
 carum petroselinum
curled parsely herb
 parsley - flakes
 parsley large
 parsley small
 parsley, available as 100% certified organic
 parsley: flakes, powder
 petroselinum crispum herb
 petroselinum hortense herb
 petroselinum petroselinum herb
 petroselinum sativum herb
 petroselinum spp. herb
 petroselinum vulgare herb
 wydleria portoricensis herb
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Articles:
PubMed: Influence of microwave frequency electromagnetic radiation on terpene emission and content in aromatic plants.
PubMed: Optimization of extraction conditions of some polyphenolic compounds from parsley leaves (Petroselinum crispum).
PubMed: Parsley: a review of ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and biological activities.
PubMed: Enterobacteriaceae resistant to third-generation cephalosporins and quinolones in fresh culinary herbs imported from Southeast Asia.
PubMed: Evaluation of the antibacterial potential of Petroselinum crispum and Rosmarinus officinalis against bacteria that cause urinary tract infections.
PubMed: Carbonic anhydrase: a key regulatory and detoxifying enzyme for Karst plants.
PubMed: Critique of medicinal conspicuousness of Parsley(Petroselinum crispum): a culinary herb of Mediterranean region.
PubMed: A coumarin-specific prenyltransferase catalyzes the crucial biosynthetic reaction for furanocoumarin formation in parsley.
PubMed: Ethnomedicinal application of native remedies used against diabetes and related complications in Mauritius.
PubMed: Effect of anatase nanoparticles (TiO2) on parsley seed germination (Petroselinum crispum) in vitro.
PubMed: Activities of Apiaceae essential oils against armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed: Antioxidant and anti-glycation activities correlates with phenolic composition of tropical medicinal herbs.
PubMed: Characterization of the endogenous enzymatic hydrolyses of Petroselinum crispum glycosides: determined by chromatography upon their sugar and flavonoid products.
PubMed: Morphological and biochemical changes in two parsley varieties upon water stress.
PubMed: Biochemical and haematological assessment of toxic effects of the leaf ethanol extract of Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nyman ex A.W. Hill (Parsley) in rats.
PubMed: Functional dissection of the PROPEP2 and PROPEP3 promoters reveals the importance of WRKY factors in mediating microbe-associated molecular pattern-induced expression.
PubMed: Effects of blanching on polyphenol stability of innovative paste-like parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nym ex A. W. Hill) and marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) products.
PubMed: As(III) and As(V) sorption on iron-modified non-pyrolyzed and pyrolyzed biomass from Petroselinum crispum (parsley).
PubMed: Antioxidant capacity of parsley cells (Petroselinum crispum L.) in relation to iron-induced ferritin levels and static magnetic field.
PubMed: Biochemical evaluation of the decarboxylation and decarboxylation-deamination activities of plant aromatic amino acid decarboxylases.
PubMed: Apigenin and its impact on gastrointestinal cancers.
PubMed: Relationship between total phenolic content, antioxidant potential, and antiglycation abilities of common culinary herbs and spices.
PubMed: Flavonoids purified from parsley inhibit human blood platelet aggregation and adhesion to collagen under flow.
PubMed: Integration of bioinformatics and synthetic promoters leads to the discovery of novel elicitor-responsive cis-regulatory sequences in Arabidopsis.
PubMed: Molecular cloning, characterization and expression of the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene from Juglans regia.
PubMed: Anticancer Activity of Certain Herbs and Spices on the Cervical Epithelial Carcinoma (HeLa) Cell Line.
PubMed: [Pharmaceutical and formulation aspects of Petroselinum crispum extract].
PubMed: Influence of thermal treatment on color, enzyme activities, and antioxidant capacity of innovative pastelike parsley products.
PubMed: Endogenous enzymes, heat, and pH affect flavone profiles in parsley (Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum) and celery (Apium graveolens) during juice processing.
PubMed: Effects of wastewater irrigation on chemical and physical properties of Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: Production of 7-O-methyl aromadendrin, a medicinally valuable flavonoid, in Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Effects of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) and its Flavonol Constituents, Kaempferol and Quercetin, on Serum Uric Acid Levels, Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Liver Xanthine Oxidoreductase Aactivity inOxonate-Induced Hyperuricemic Rats.
PubMed: Immunomodulatory effect of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) essential oil on immune cells: mitogen-activated splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages.
PubMed: Sensory characteristics and volatile profiles of parsley ( Petroselinum crispum [Mill.] Nym.) in correlation to resistance properties against Septoria Blight ( Septoria petroselini ).
PubMed: Phenolic chemical composition of Petroselinum crispum extract and its effect on haemostasis.
PubMed: Antioxidant, pro-oxidant and cytotoxic properties of parsley.
PubMed: Nondestructive Raman analysis of polyacetylenes in apiaceae vegetables.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds present in everyday use spice plants by means of spectrophotometric and chromatographic methods.
PubMed: [Relaxant activity of aqueous and ethanol extracts of parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nym. ex A. W Hill, Apiaceae) on isolated ileum of rat].
PubMed: Antioxidant activities, total phenolics and HPLC analyses of the phenolic compounds of extracts from common Mediterranean plants.
PubMed: Multilocus sequence typing of Pseudomonas syringae sensu lato confirms previously described genomospecies and permits rapid identification of P. syringae pv. coriandricola and P. syringae pv. apii causing bacterial leaf spot on parsley.
PubMed: Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of herbs and spices in dry, fresh and blended herb paste form.
PubMed: Mutational analysis of phenylalanine ammonia lyase to improve reactions rates for various substrates.
PubMed: Preliminary investigation of naringenin hydroxylation with recombinant E. coli expressing plant flavonoid hydroxylation gene.
PubMed: Carotenoid content of commonly consumed herbs and assessment of their bioaccessibility using an in vitro digestion model.
PubMed: Protective effects of Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nyman ex A. W. Hill leaf extract on D-galactose-induced oxidative stress in mouse brain.
PubMed: Parsley extract inhibits in vitro and ex vivo platelet aggregation and prolongs bleeding time in rats.
PubMed: Life cycle and mating behavior of Zygotylenchus guevarai (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) on excised Petroselinum crispum roots.
PubMed: Spasmolytic effect of Petroselinum crispum (Parsley) on rat's ileum at different calcium chloride concentrations.
PubMed: DNA amounts of roses (Rosa L.) and their use in attributing ploidy levels.
PubMed: Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran.
PubMed: Evaluation of analytical markers characterising different drying methods of parsley leaves (Petroselinum crispum L.).
PubMed: The use of bead beating to prepare suspensions of nuclei for flow cytometry from fresh leaves, herbarium leaves, petals and pollen.
PubMed: DNA adducts from alkoxyallylbenzene herb and spice constituents in cultured human (HepG2) cells.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of 5-deoxyflavanones in microorganisms.
PubMed: Pectate hydrolases of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) roots.
PubMed: Ethnoveterinary medicines used to treat endoparasites and stomach problems in pigs and pets in British Columbia, Canada.
PubMed: Identification and characterization of a new virus in the genus Potyvirus from wild populations of Angelica lucida L. and A. genuflexa Nutt., family Apiaceae.
PubMed: Evolution of flavone synthase I from parsley flavanone 3beta-hydroxylase by site-directed mutagenesis.
PubMed: Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nym. ex A.W. Hill, Apiaceae) extracts on some biochemical parameters of oxidative stress in mice treated with CCl(4).
PubMed: Varied growth, biomass and cellulose content in tobacco expressing yeast-derived invertases.
PubMed: The U-box protein CMPG1 is required for efficient activation of defense mechanisms triggered by multiple resistance genes in tobacco and tomato.
PubMed: The essential tyrosine-containing loop conformation and the role of the C-terminal multi-helix region in eukaryotic phenylalanine ammonia-lyases.
PubMed: In planta analysis of protein-protein interactions related to light signaling by bimolecular fluorescence complementation.
PubMed: Screening of plants used in Danish folk medicine to treat memory dysfunction for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity.
PubMed: Effects of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) extract versus glibornuride on the liver of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Combinatorial biosynthesis of flavones and flavonols in Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Changes in carotenoid content and distribution in living plant tissue can be observed and mapped in situ using NIR-FT-Raman spectroscopy.
PubMed: Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase modified with polyethylene glycol: potential therapeutic agent for phenylketonuria.
PubMed: Molecular evolution of flavonoid dioxygenases in the family Apiaceae.
PubMed: Effects of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) on the liver of diabetic rats: a morphological and biochemical study.
PubMed: Structural basis for the entrance into the phenylpropanoid metabolism catalyzed by phenylalanine ammonia-lyase.
PubMed: Stimulus-dependent, promoter-specific binding of transcription factor WRKY1 to Its native promoter and the defense-related gene PcPR1-1 in Parsley.
PubMed: Platelet anti-aggregant property of some Moroccan medicinal plants.
PubMed: Recognition events in AM symbiosis: analysis of fungal gene expression at the early appressorium stage.
PubMed: Antifeedant compounds from three species of Apiaceae active against the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Muller).
PubMed: Furanocoumarin biosynthesis in Ammi majus L. Cloning of bergaptol O-methyltransferase.
PubMed: Cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase mechanism-based inactivation by psoralen derivatives: cloning and characterization of a C4H from a psoralen producing plant-Ruta graveolens-exhibiting low sensitivity to psoralen inactivation.
PubMed: Prevention of experimentally-induced gastric ulcers in rats by an ethanolic extract of "Parsley" Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: Chemical stimulants of leaf-trenching by cabbage loopers: natural products, neurotransmitters, insecticides, and drugs.
PubMed: The maize Single myb histone 1 gene, Smh1, belongs to a novel gene family and encodes a protein that binds telomere DNA repeats in vitro.
PubMed: A simple method to screen cilantro and parsley for fecal indicator viruses.
PubMed: Effects of Petroselinum crispum extract on pancreatic B cells and blood glucose of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Non-self recognition, transcriptional reprogramming, and secondary metabolite accumulation during plant/pathogen interactions.
PubMed: Effects of gamma-irradiation on the free radical and antioxidant contents in nine aromatic herbs and spices.
PubMed: [Expression in Lactococcus lactis of catalytically active phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from parsley].
PubMed: Botanical medicines for the urinary tract.
PubMed: Potyviruses, novel and known, in cultivated and wild species of the family Apiaceae in Australia.
PubMed: Study on a novel strategy to treatment of phenylketonuria.
PubMed: Increases in Cytosolic Ca2+ in Parsley Mesophyll Cells Correlate with Leaf Senescence.
PubMed: Two immediate-early pathogen-responsive members of the AtCMPG gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana and the W-box-containing elicitor-response element of AtCMPG1.
PubMed: An active site homology model of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: Leucine zipper-containing WRKY proteins widen the spectrum of immediate early elicitor-induced WRKY transcription factors in parsley.
PubMed: Diuretic effect and mechanism of action of parsley.
PubMed: Crosstalk among stress responses in plants: pathogen defense overrides UV protection through an inversely regulated ACE/ACE type of light-responsive gene promoter unit.
PubMed: [A new strategy of gene therapy for hyperphenylalaninemia rats].
PubMed: Cloning of parsley flavone synthase I.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of four novel parsley proteins that interact with the transcriptional regulators CPRF1 and CPRF2.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms.
PubMed: A highly specific pathogen-responsive promoter element from the immediate-early activated CMPG1 gene in Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: A Catharanthus roseus BPF-1 homologue interacts with an elicitor-responsive region of the secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene Str and is induced by elicitor via a JA-independent signal transduction pathway.
PubMed: Two differentially regulated class II chitinases from parsley.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of some coumarin containing herbal plants growing in Finland.
PubMed: Phytophthora parasitica elicitor-induced reactions in cells of Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: Free radical scavenging and membrane protective effects of methanol extracts from Anthriscus cerefolium L. (Hoffm.) and Petroselinum crispum(Mill.) nym. ex A.W. Hill.
PubMed: Medicinal foodstuffs. XVIII. Phytoestrogens from the aerial part of Petroselinum crispum MIll. (Parsley) and structures of 6"-acetylapiin and a new monoterpene glycoside, petroside.
PubMed: Potential interactions between alternative therapies and warfarin.
PubMed: In vivo analysis of plant promoters and transcription factors by agroinfiltration of tobacco leaves.
PubMed: A novel regulatory element involved in rapid activation of parsley ELI7 gene family members by fungal elicitor or pathogen infection.
PubMed: Transactivation properties of parsley proline-rich bZIP transcription factors.
PubMed: UV light selectively coinduces supply pathways from primary metabolism and flavonoid secondary product formation in parsley.
PubMed: Phytophotodermatitis in pigs exposed to parsley (Petroselinum crispum).
PubMed: A bioassay using Artemia salina for detecting phototoxicity of plant coumarins.
PubMed: Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) intake on urinary apigenin excretion, blood antioxidant enzymes and biomarkers for oxidative stress in human subjects.
PubMed: Compartive study of volatile components and fatty acids of plants and in vitro cultures of parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill) nym ex hill).
PubMed: Transcriptional activation of the parsley chalcone synthase promoter in heterologous pea and yeast systems.
PubMed: Phosphorylation of the parsley bZIP transcription factor CPRF2 is regulated by light.
PubMed: Cloning and expression of phenylalanine ammonia lyase cDNA in Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Distribution pattern of a flavonoid extract in the gastrointestinal lumen and wall of rats.
PubMed: Flavonols and flavones of parsley cell suspension culture change the antioxidative capacity of plasma in rats.
PubMed: Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) on the skin of STZ induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Nuclear import of the parsley bZIP transcription factor CPRF2 is regulated by phytochrome photoreceptors.
PubMed: Regulation and functional expression of cinnamate 4-hydroxylase from parsley.
PubMed: Extensive reprogramming of primary and secondary metabolism by fungal elicitor or infection in parsley cells.
PubMed: Characterization and partial purification of an oligopeptide elicitor receptor from parsley (Petroselinum crispum).
PubMed: [Investigation of the in vitro antioxidant effect of Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nym. ex A. W. Hill].
PubMed: A benzothiadiazole primes parsley cells for augmented elicitation of defense responses
PubMed: Local mechanical stimulation induces components of the pathogen defense response in parsley.
PubMed: CPRF4a, a novel plant bZIP protein of the CPRF family: comparative analyses of light-dependent expression, post-transcriptional regulation, nuclear import and heterodimerisation.
PubMed: Identification of UV/blue light-response elements in the Arabidopsis thaliana chalcone synthase promoter using a homologous protoplast transient expression system.
PubMed: Differentially regulated NADPH:cytochrome P450 oxidoreductases in parsley.
PubMed: Phytotherapy of hypertension and diabetes in oriental Morocco.
PubMed: Rapid and transient induction of a parsley microsomal delta 12 fatty acid desaturase mRNA by fungal elicitor.
PubMed: A novel type of pathogen defense-related cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase.
PubMed: PcMYB1, a novel plant protein containing a DNA-binding domain with one MYB repeat, interacts in vivo with a light-regulatory promoter unit.
PubMed: Elicitor-stimulated ion fluxes and O2- from the oxidative burst are essential components in triggering defense gene activation and phytoalexin synthesis in parsley.
PubMed: Rapid, transient, and highly localized induction of plastidial omega-3 fatty acid desaturase mRNA at fungal infection sites in Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: The activation domain of the maize transcription factor Opaque-2 resides in a single acidic region.
PubMed: Differential transcript induction of parsley pathogenesis-related proteins and of a small heat shock protein by ozone and heat shock.
PubMed: Structure of the parsley caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase gene, harbouring a novel elicitor responsive cis-acting element.
PubMed: Signal perception and intracellular signal transduction in plant pathogen defense.
PubMed: Correlation of Rapid Cell Death with Metabolic Changes in Fungus-Infected, Cultured Parsley Cells.
PubMed: Role of Jasmonates in the Elicitor- and Wound-Inducible Expression of Defense Genes in Parsley and Transgenic Tobacco.
PubMed: Biphasic Temporal and Spatial Induction Patterns of Defense-Related mRNAs and Proteins in Fungus-Infected Parsley Leaves.
PubMed: The transcriptional regulator CPRF1: expression analysis and gene structure.
PubMed: Gene activation by UV light, fungal elicitor or fungal infection in Petroselinum crispum is correlated with repression of cell cycle-related genes.
PubMed: Pretreatment of Parsley Suspension Cultures with Salicylic Acid Enhances Spontaneous and Elicited Production of H2O2.
PubMed: Modes of expression and common structural features of the complete phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene family in parsley.
PubMed: Oligopeptide elicitor-mediated defense gene activation in cultured parsley cells.
PubMed: Immediate Activation of Respiration in Petroselinum crispum L. in Response to the Phytophthora megasperma f. sp. Glycinea Elicitor.
PubMed: Functional analysis of a light-responsive plant bZIP transcriptional regulator.
PubMed: Structural and catalytic properties of the four phenylalanine ammonia-lyase isoenzymes from parsley (Petroselinum crispum Nym.).
PubMed: CG-1, a parsley light-induced DNA-binding protein.
PubMed: Serine-202 is the putative precursor of the active site dehydroalanine of phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Site-directed mutagenesis studies on the enzyme from parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.).
PubMed: Light induces rapid changes of the phosphorylation pattern in the cytosol of evacuolated parsley protoplasts.
PubMed: Pretreatment of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) Suspension Cultures with Methyl Jasmonate Enhances Elicitation of Activated Oxygen Species.
PubMed: A light-responsive in vitro transcription system from evacuolated parsley protoplasts.
PubMed: Biochemical Plant Responses to Ozone (IV. Cross-Induction of Defensive Pathways in Parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) Plants).
PubMed: Analysis of the parsley chalcone-synthase promoter in response to different light qualities.
PubMed: BPF-1, a pathogen-induced DNA-binding protein involved in the plant defense response.
PubMed: Conditioning of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) Suspension Cells Increases Elicitor-Induced Incorporation of Cell Wall Phenolics.
PubMed: Translocation of cytoplasm and nucleus to fungal penetration sites is associated with depolymerization of microtubules and defence gene activation in infected, cultured parsley cells.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of extracellular, acidic chitinase isoenzymes from elicitor-stimulated parsley cells.
PubMed: Tobacco and Parsley 4-Coumarate:Coenzyme A Ligase Genes Are Temporally and Spatially Regulated in a Cell Type-Specific Manner during Tobacco Flower Development.
PubMed: Polyubiquitin gene expression and structural properties of the ubi4-2 gene in Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: A pathogen-responsive gene of parsley encodes tyrosine decarboxylase.
PubMed: Isolation of putative defense-related genes from Arabidopsis thaliana and expression in fungal elicitor-treated cells.
PubMed: Inhibition of benzo[a]pyrene-induced tumorigenesis by myristicin, a volatile aroma constituent of parsley leaf oil.
PubMed: The jasmonate precursor, 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid, induces phytoalexin synthesis in Petroselinum crispum cell cultures.
PubMed: Induction by fungal elicitor of S-adenosyl-L-methionine synthetase and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase mRNAs in cultured cells and leaves of Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: Homodimeric and heterodimeric leucine zipper proteins and nuclear factors from parsley recognize diverse promoter elements with ACGT cores.
PubMed: Light and Fungal Elicitor Induce 3-Deoxy-d-arabino-Heptulosonate 7-Phosphate Synthase mRNA in Suspension Cultured Cells of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.).
PubMed: Coumarins and other phenylpropanoid compounds in the defense response of plant cells.
PubMed: Light-inducible and constitutively expressed DNA-binding proteins recognizing a plant promoter element with functional relevance in light responsiveness.
PubMed: Kinetic characterization of caffeoyl-coenzyme a-specific 3-o-methyltransferase from elicited parsley cell suspensions.
PubMed: Induced plant responses to pathogen attack. Analysis and heterologous expression of the key enzyme in the biosynthesis of phytoalexins in soybean (Glycine max L. Merr. cv. Harosoy 63).
PubMed: Elicitor-Inducible Caffeoyl-Coenzyme A 3-O-Methyltransferase from Petroselinum crispum Cell Suspensions : Purification, Partial Sequence, and Antigenicity.
PubMed: Metabolism of aflatoxin B1 by Petroselinum crispum (parsley).
PubMed: Regulatory elements required for light-mediated expression of the Petroselinum crispum chalcone synthase gene.
PubMed: Analysis of the gene for phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from Rhodosporidium toruloides.
PubMed: Induction of Shikimic Acid Pathway Enzymes by Light in Suspension Cultured Cells of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum).
PubMed: A 125 bp promoter fragment is sufficient for strong elicitor-mediated gene activation in parsley.
PubMed: Functional borders, genetic fine structure, and distance requirements of cis elements mediating light responsiveness of the parsley chalcone synthase promoter.
PubMed: Fungal elicitor triggers rapid, transient, and specific protein phosphorylation in parsley cell suspension cultures.
PubMed: Expression in Escherichia coli of catalytically active phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from parsley.
PubMed: Induction of 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase activity by fungal elicitor in cultures of Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: A phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene from parsley: structure, regulation and identification of elicitor and light responsive cis-acting elements.
PubMed: Chitosan-elicited synthesis of callose and of coumarin derivatives in parsley cell suspension cultures.
PubMed: Differential early activation of defense-related genes in elicitor-treated parsley cells.
PubMed: Chromosomal localization of parsley 4-coumarate: CoA ligase genes by in situ hybridization with a complementary DNA.
PubMed: A stable blue-light-derived signal modulates ultraviolet-light-induced activation of the chalcone-synthase gene in cultured parsley cells.
PubMed: The induction of phenylpropanoid biosynthetic enzymes by ultraviolet light or fungal elicitor in cultured parsley cells is overriden by a heat-shock treatment.
PubMed: Differential regulation and tissue-specific distribution of enzymes of phenylpropanoid pathways in developing parsley seedlings.
PubMed: Different cell-wall components from Phytophthora megasperma f. sp. glycinea elicit phytoalexin production in soybean and parsley.
PubMed: Primary structures and catalytic properties of isoenzymes encoded by the two 4-coumarate: CoA ligase genes in parsley.
PubMed: Gene structure and in situ transcript localization of pathogenesis-related protein 1 in parsley.
PubMed: In situ localization of light-induced chalcone synthase mRNA, chalcone synthase, and flavonoid end products in epidermal cells of parsley leaves.
PubMed: Two alleles of the single-copy chalcone synthase gene in parsley differ by a transposon-like element.
PubMed: Cellular localization of nonhost resistance reactions of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) to fungal infection.
PubMed: Induction of defense responses in cultured parsley cells by plant cell wall fragments.
PubMed: Occurrence of phytoalexins and other putative defense-related substances in uninfected parsley plants.
PubMed: Oxypeucedanin, a Major Furocoumarin in Parsley, Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed: Fluence dependence of the ultraviolet-light-induced accumulation of chalcone synthase mRNA and effects of blue and far-red light in cultured parsley cells.
PubMed: Salt effects on total and gene-specific in vitro transcriptional activity of isolated plant nuclei.
PubMed: Responses of cultured parsley cells to elicitors from phytopathogenic fungi : timing and dose dependency of elicitor-induced reactions.
PubMed: Rapid activation by fungal elicitor of genes encoding "pathogenesis-related" proteins in cultured parsley cells.
PubMed: Coordinated changes in transcription and translation rates of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and 4-coumarate: CoA ligase mRNAs in elicitor-treated Petroselinum crispum cells.
PubMed: Dependence of the level of phytoalexin and enzyme induction by fungal elicitor on the growth stage of Petroselinum crispum cell cultures.
PubMed: Synthesis of characteristic proteins in nutrient-depleted cell suspension cultures of parsley.
PubMed: Neutral complexes as oxidants for the reduced form of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) [2Fe--2S] ferredoxin. Evidence for partial blocking by redox-inactive Cr(III) complexes.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of chromatin-bound DNA-dependent RNA polymerase I from parsley (Petroselinum crispum). Influence of nucleoside triphosphates.
PubMed: Unusual fatty acids in the lipids from organs and cell cultures ofPetroselinum crispum.
PubMed: The molecular weight of rRNA precursor molecules and their processing in higher plant cells.
PubMed: Fluxes and compartmentation of K(+), Na (+) and Cl (-), and action of auxins in suspension-cultured Petroselinum cells.
PubMed: Transport and processing of ribosomal RNA in plant cells after treatment with cycloheximide.
PubMed: Incorporation of methanol into pectic substance.
PubMed: Inositol Metabolism in Plants. IV. Biosynthesis of Apiose in Lemna and Petroselinum.
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