litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
citral from litsea cubeba
 
Notes:
Furo Coumarin Free.Source for natural citral. xref geranial: geraniol is also available; xref neral: nerol is also available; vitamin a antagonist; oxygenated monoterpene; inhibits cytosolic dehydrogenases.
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
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      Product(s):
      Litsea Cubeba Oil Terpeneless
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Name: 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
CAS Number: 5392-40-5Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 226-394-6
Beilstein Number: 1721871
MDL: MFCD00006997
CoE Number: 109
XlogP: 2.70 (est)
Molecular Weight: 152.23672000
Formula: C10 H16 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1225  natural citral
Flavis Number: 05.020 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 05.020  natural citral
FEMA Number: 2303  natural citral
FDA Mainterm: CITRAL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.60 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.88500 to 0.89100 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.364 to  7.414
Refractive Index: 1.48600 to 1.49000 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 227.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.091000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 195.00 °F. TCC ( 90.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.127 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 1340 mg/L @ 37 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength: medium
 sweet  lemon  citrus  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet lemon citral
Luebke, William tgsc, (1997)
 lemon  
Taste Description:
lemon
Substantivity: 24 Hour(s)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: flavoring agents
perfuming agents
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Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Litsea Cubeba Oil Terpeneless
Services
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Litsea Cubeba Terpeneless 95%
Market Report
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Litsea Cubeba Terpeneless Extra
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Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 25 - Avoid contact with eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37 - Wear suitable gloves.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-rat LD50  460 mg/kg
Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. Vol. 55, Pg. 347, 1979.

oral-mouse LD50  6000 mg/kg
Biochemical Journal. Vol. 34, Pg. 1196, 1940.

oral-rat LD50  4960 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 2250 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 25, Pg. 505, 1987.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
citral Max. Found: <96.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:  0.04 % (1)
Category 2:  0.05 %
Category 3:  0.20 %
Category 4:  0.60 %
Category 5:  0.30 %
Category 6:  1.00 % (1)
Category 7:  0.10 %
Category 8:  1.40 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 133.00000178.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 17.0000028.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 3.000006.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: -0.20000
chewing gum: 7000.0000010000.00000
condiments / relishes: 10.0000010.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 22.0000034.00000
fruit ices: -23.00000
gelatins / puddings: 174.00000210.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 0.500000.80000
hard candy: 950.000001000.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 1.000002.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: 142.00000181.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 5392-40-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WGK Germany: 1
 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
Chemidplus: 0005392405
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: RG5075000 for cas# 5392-40-5
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References:
 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 5392-40-5
Pubchem (cid): 8843
Pubchem (sid): 134984224
Flavornet: 5392-40-5
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
UM BBD: Search
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB35092
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
Haz-Map: View
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
green pepper 
 cymbopogon citratus dc. stapf. oil cubaFR
aldehydic
 adoxal (Givaudan)FL/FR
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
2-methyl undecanal dimethyl acetalFR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
camphoreous
 fencholFL/FR
citrus
 acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetalFR
 agathis australis oil 
 aldehydic nitrileFR
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 cedrat peel oilFL/FR
 citral / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral ethylene glycol acetalFR
 citral propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 citronellyl nitrileFR
(E)-4-decenalFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetateFL/FR
2-dodecanoneFL/FR
2-ethyl-1-hexanolFL/FR
homogeranyl nitrileFR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit pentanolFR
2-heptanolFL/FR
 heptyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
 lemon hexadieneFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reducedFL/FR
 lemon oil italyFL/FR
 lemon oil terpenelessFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil guatemalaFL/FR
 lemongrass oil moroccoFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
(Z)-linalool oxide (pyranoid)FL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin) uruguayFL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
(Z+E)-2-methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 neroli ketoneFR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 ocimenolFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain combava oilFR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
 tetrahydrocitralFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenolFR
 trimethyl cyclohexeneFR
(±)-2,4,8-trimethyl-7-nonen-2-olFL/FR
10-undecen-1-olFL/FR
 verbena oil spainFL/FR
 verbena oil terpenelessFL/FR
fatty
 decanolFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
isoamyl geranateFR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellalFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydrocitronellyl ethyl etherFR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 hexyl 2-furoateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 leerallFR
 lemon oil distilledFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 methyl citronellateFL/FR
 muguet octadienolFR
 nerolFL/FR
3-nonanon-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 phenyl amyl alcoholFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinalyl acetateFR
 undecanal dimethyl acetalFR
fruity
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 methyl acetoacetateFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
isodecanalFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
(Z)-beta-farnesene 
 green carboxylateFR
 green dioxolaneFR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 canarium luzonicum gumFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 elemi resinoidFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
terpenic
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
waxy
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
1-undecanolFL/FR
woody
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 adoxal (Givaudan)FL/FR
 agathis australis oil 
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 cedrat peel oilFL/FR
 citral propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
isodecanalFL/FR
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-beta-farnesene 
 heptyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
pseudoiononeFL
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
(Z)-linalool oxide (pyranoid)FL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
4-mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanolFL
 methyl acetoacetateFL/FR
(Z+E)-2-methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehydeFL/FR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-nonanon-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 ocimenolFL/FR
green pepper 
 phenyl amyl alcoholFL/FR
 tetrahydrocitralFL/FR
10-undecen-1-olFL/FR
aldehydic
 decanolFL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
1-undecanolFL/FR
camphoreous
 fencholFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon hexadieneFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reducedFL/FR
 lemon oil distilledFL/FR
 lemon oil italyFL/FR
 lemon oil terpenelessFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil guatemalaFL/FR
 lemongrass oil moroccoFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin) uruguayFL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
(±)-2,4,8-trimethyl-7-nonen-2-olFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
 verbena oil spainFL/FR
 verbena oil terpenelessFL/FR
creamy
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
fatty
2-dodecanoneFL/FR
2-ethyl-1-hexanolFL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellalFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl citronellateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
2-heptanolFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
green
 canarium luzonicum gumFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 elemi resinoidFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-hexadienalFL
 hexyl 2-furoateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-nonadienalFL
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
powdery
 acetophenoneFL/FR
ripe
(E)-4-decenalFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
spicy
 benzylidene acetoneFL
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
terpenic
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
waxy
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 citrusFR
 lemonFR
 limeFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 natural product
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
natural citral
 citral from litsea cubeba
 litsea cubeba fruit oil terpeneless
 litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
 oil litsea cubeba terpeneless 95%
 oil litsea cubeba terpeneless extra
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Modeling with the logistic regression of the growth/no growth interface of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in relation to 2 antimicrobial terpenes (citral and linalool), pH, and aw.
PubMed: Flavor of cold-hardy grapes: impact of berry maturity and environmental conditions.
PubMed: Effect of ubiquinol-10 on citral stability and off-flavor formation in oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions.
PubMed: Identification of gustatory-olfactory flavor mixtures: effects of linguistic labeling.
PubMed: Stability of citral in emulsions coated with cationic biopolymer layers.
PubMed: Intake of dried bonito broth flavored with dextrin solution induced conditioned place preference in mice.
PubMed: Flavor-intensity perception: effects of stimulus context.
PubMed: Enhancement of retronasal odors by taste.
PubMed: Inhibition of citral degradation by oil-in-water nanoemulsions combined with antioxidants.
PubMed: Flavored waters: influence of ingredients on antioxidant capacity and terpenoid profile by HS-SPME/GC-MS.
PubMed: Influence of droplet charge on the chemical stability of citral in oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Coactivation of gustatory and olfactory signals in flavor perception.
PubMed: Stability of citral in oil-in-water emulsions prepared with medium-chain triacylglycerols and triacetin.
PubMed: Encapsulation performance of proteins and traditional materials for spray dried flavors.
PubMed: Flavor authentication studies of alpha-ionone, beta-ionone, and alpha-ionol from various sources.
PubMed: Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Flavor components of monoterpenes in citrus essential oils enhance the release of monoamines from rat brain slices.
PubMed: Tyrosinase inhibitory activity of citrus essential oils.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of diploid and tetraploid clones of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) grown in Australia.
PubMed: Acute and genetic toxicity of essential oil extracted from Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers.
PubMed: Validation of a stimulation protocol suited to the investigation of odor-taste interactions with fMRI.
PubMed: Aerosolized essential oils and individual natural product compounds as brown treesnake repellents.
PubMed: Thresholds of carcinogenicity of flavors.
PubMed: A review of the interactions between milk proteins and dairy flavor compounds.
PubMed: Comparative study of experimentally induced benign and atypical hyperplasia in the ventral prostate of different rat strains.
PubMed: Food deprivation reduces rats' oil preference.
PubMed: Benzaldehyde, citral, and d-limonene flavor perception in the presence of casein and whey proteins.
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