bitter orangeflower concrete morocco
citrus aurantium var. amara concrete morocco
By extraction of freshly picked flowers of the bitter orange tree, Citrus Aurantium, subspecies amara with a hydrocarbon solvent, a concrete is produced after evaporation of the solvent. Petroleum ether is most frequently used since its low boiling point facilitates removal of this solvent without serious loss of odorous components from the flower extract. The concrete is produced in France, Italy, Morocco, occasionally in Cyprus and, on a small scale in Haiti, Formosa, the Comores, etc. The main producers are France and Italy. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. citrus aurantium, rutaceae.
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Name: citrus aurantium l. var. amara concrete
CAS Number: 8016-38-4 
Category: fragrance agents
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: orange brown paste (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: medium
 floral  sweet  woody  bread crust  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
strong floral sweet woody breadcrust
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Liberty Natural Products
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Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Phototoxicity
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Where the bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen) content of all relevant oils present in a compound has been determined, it is recommended that for applications on areas of skin exposed to sunshine, excluding bath preparations, soaps and other products which are washed off the skin, the total level of bergapten in the consumer products should not exceed 0.0015% (15 ppm). This is equivalent to 0.0075% (75 ppm) in a fragrance compound used at 20% in the consumer product. Where the level of bergapten has not been determined by appropriate methods, the limits specified in the guidelines on individual oils should apply. In those cases, where such oils are used in combination with other phototoxic ingredients, the additive effect has to be taken into consideration and the use levels have to be reduced accordingly. The sum of the concentrations of all phototoxic fragrance ingredients, expressed in % of their recommended maximum level in the consumer product, shall not exceed 100.
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for bitter orangeflower concrete morocco usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Recommendation for bitter orangeflower concrete morocco flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations: Search
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EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8016-38-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 citrus aurantium l. var. amara concrete
Chemidplus: 0008016384
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
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 citrus aurantium l. var. amara concrete
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8016-38-4
Pubchem (sid): 135309141
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 3301.90.5000
Household Products: Search
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 citrus aurantium l. var. amara
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 citrus aurantium var. amara concrete morocco
bitter orange flower concrete morocco
 oranger concrete maroc
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