artificial bitter almond oil
Dilute with 10% benzyl or phenethyl alcohol for best results.
  • A.C.S. International
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Products List: View
      212700 BENZALDEHYDE Natural Kosher
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      10517 Benzaldehyde
      20043 Benzaldehyde (natural)
  • Berjé
    • Berjé Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Benzaldehyde Synthetic
      Benzaldehyde Natural
      Benzaldehyde Natural
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
      Products List: View
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Societŕ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
  • Elan Inc.
    • Elan Inc.
      Legacy of Innovation
      Highest quality natural and synthetic products.
      Elan Inc. is a privately held business that has been in operation for over 30 years. Our offices and production facility are located in Newark, NJ. We are dedicated to producing the highest quality natural and synthetic products available in the flavor and fragrance industry.
      US Email: Mr. David Pimentel
      US Email: Ms. Isabel Couto
      Email: Elan (Shanghai) Fine Chemical
      Email: Elan do Brazil
      US Voice: (973) 344-8014
      US Fax: (973) 344 -5880
      Voice: +86 021 57448053 (Elan Shanghai)
      Fax: +86 021 57448054 (Elan Shanghai)
      Elan do Brazil:55 13 3261 6084
      Elan do Brazil Fax:55 13 3261 3726
      BENZALDEHYDE (Roasted Cassia Oil)(natural), Kosher
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Benzaldehyde Natural
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      benzaldehyde natural
  • H. Interdonati, Inc.
    • H. Interdonati, Inc.
      Innovative products
      Because your flavors and fragrances are only as good as their source "Since 1952"
      H. Interdonati, Inc. began in 1952 with the tradition of delivering quality pharmaceuticals and fine chemical ingredients at competitive prices. The mission was simple: To provide the most reliable, personal service in the industry.
      Email: Info
      US Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Andrew Interdonati (Sales)
      Voice: 800 367-6617
      Fax: 631 367-6626
      Benzaldehyde Natural, Kosher
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lansdowne Chemicals
    • Lansdowne Chemicals
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      Lansdowne Chemicals has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      Headquarters are in Carterton, Oxfordshire encompassing all of Lansdowne's Business Units. Our Regulatory Team and Quality Control Departments are based out of Carterton. Lansdowne Aromatic's state of the art warehouse facilities are located in Cricklade, covering 12,000 square ft. We are able to offer just-in-time deliveries for our full range of products, in a variety of pack sizes. Bonded facilities are available for goods going outside of the EU.
      Email: Contact Us:
      US Email: Dean Matienzo - Sales Manager
      Voice: +44 1993 843081
      Fax: +44 1993 841261
      US Voice: +1 973 886 3778
      US Fax: +1 973 346 1106
      Benzaldehyde ex Cassia Oil natural
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      N0014 NAT.BENZALDEHYDE, Kosher
  • O'Laughlin Industries
    • O'Laughlin Industries Inc.
      Manufacturer of Aroma
      Leading the Flavor and Fragrance Industry since 1980.
      O'Laughlin was established in 1980 by its owner and chief executive Michael O'Laughlin, when he moved to Beijing, China and established a small office. Since then it has grown to be a world class producer of chemicals, with significant production facilities in China, and distribution and sales in all major world markets.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Joe Schreiber
      Voice: (852) 2527-1031
      Fax: (852) 2529-0231
      US Voice: (973) 376-4600
      US Fax: (973) 376-4630
  • Penta International
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      4FN00049 Benzaldehyde
      Blends-well-with - +Vanillin +Coumarin +Benzophenone +Heliotropin +Bois De Rose Oil Gums
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Benzaldehyde Natural
      Benzaldehyde Synthetic
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Good quality products at reasonable prices.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      Products List: View
  • Robertet
  • SAFC Global
    • SAFC
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      W212709 Benzaldehyde ≥98%, FCC, Kosher
      W212717 Benzaldehyde natural ≥98%, FCC, Kosher, FG
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      N0014 nat.Benzaldehyde
  • The Good Scents Company
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
      Benzaldehyde, Natural
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
benzaldehyde (Click)
CAS Number: 100-52-7
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-860-4
Beilstein Number: 0471223
MDL: MFCD00003299
CoE Number: 101
XlogP3: 1.50 (est)
Molecular Weight: 106.12402000
Formula: C7 H6 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict
EFSA/JECFA Comments: ADI: 0-5 (JECFA, 1997a).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 22  benzaldehyde
Flavis Number: 05.013 (Old)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings: 05.013  benzaldehyde

FEMA Number: 2127  benzaldehyde
FDA Regulation:
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.60 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Halogens: passes test for chloinated compounds
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 1.04100 to 1.04600 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.662 to  8.704
Specific Gravity: 1.04900 to 1.05500 @  15.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 8.747 to 8.797
Refractive Index: 1.54400 to 1.54600 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -26.00 to  -25.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 62.00 to  63.00 °C. @ 10.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 178.00 to  179.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 5.00 max. KOH/g
PH Number: 5.90
Vapor Pressure: 1.270000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 3.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 145.00 °F. TCC ( 62.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.480
Shelf Life: 18.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light. store under nitrogen.
Storage: store under nitrogen.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 sharp  sweet  bitter  almond  cherry  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
strong sharp sweet bitter almond cherry
Luebke, William tgsc, (1982)
 almond  fruity  powdery  nutty  cherry maraschino cherry  
Odor Description:
almond, fruity, powdery, nutty and benzaldehyde-like
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 19, No. 5, 79, (1994)
 sweet  oily  almond  cherry  nutty  woody  
Taste Description:
at 50.00 ppm.  
Sweet, oily, almond, cherry, nutty and woody
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 19, No. 5, 79, (1994)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: denaturants
masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
A.C.S. International
Benzaldehyde natural
Benzaldehyde NF FCC Kosher
Advanced Biotech
98% min.
Odor: Bitter Almond
Advanced Biotech
99% min.
Odor: Bitter Almond
Odor: Almond Fruity, Cherry Nutty
Anhui Haibei
Benzaldehyde natural ex cassia
Anhui Haibei
Benzaldehyde natural
Odor: Bitter almond odor and taste
Augustus Oils
Axxence Aromatic
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Benzaldehyde (natural)
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Natural Benzaldehyde
Benzaldehyde Natural
Benzaldehyde Natural
Benzaldehyde Synthetic
CG Herbals
Benzaldehyde EST
Charkit Chemical
Citrus and Allied Essences
Benzaldehyde rectified FCC
Market Report
De Monchy Aromatics
Benzaldehyde, Natural
Odor: sweet, strong, sharp, bitter, almond, cherry
ECSA Chemicals
Company Profile
Elan Inc.
(Roasted Cassia Oil)(natural), Kosher
Ernesto Ventós
Ernesto Ventós
Excellentia International
Benzaldehyde Natural
benzaldehyde natural
Benzaldehyde, Yellow Liquid with, Bitter Almond Odour
George Uhe Company
Available in FCC
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Benzaldehyde Natural, Kosher
Indukern F&F
Indukern F&F
Indukern F&F
Inoue Perfumery
Kelkar Group
Kraft Chemical
Kunshan Sainty
Benzaldehyde, Natural
Lansdowne Chemicals
Benzaldehyde ex Cassia Oil natural
Liberty Natural Products
Lluch Essence
Lluch Essence
Lluch Essence
M&U International
Odor: aromatic, spicy, stinging
Flavor: almond, sweet and spicy
Odor: aromatic, spicy, stinging
Flavor: almond, sweet and spicy
Northwestern Extract
Benzaldehyde Artificial or Natural
O'Laughlin Industries
Penta International
Penta International
Penta International
Odor: strong sharp sweet bitter almond cherry sweet aromatic spicy bitter-almond Powerful sweet
Use: Blends-well-with - +Vanillin +Coumarin +Benzophenone +Heliotropin +Bois De Rose Oil Gums
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Benzaldehyde Natural
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Benzaldehyde Synthetic
Benzaldehyde Natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Benzaldehyde natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Pure & Nat (EU)
Crops calendar
Benzaldehyde (bitter almond) Ess. oil (residue from prunus kernel spp) (for fragrance)
SAFC Global
Benzaldehyde natural
≥98%, FCC, Kosher, FG
Odor: almond; cherry; sweet
SAFC Global
≥98%, FCC, Kosher
Odor: almond; cherry; sweet
Silverline Chemicals
SRS Aromatics
Odor: Strong, Sharp, Sweet, Bitter, Almond, Cherry
Sunaux International
Benzaldehyde DD
Odor: strong sweet, bitter almond-like
Flavor: bitter almond-like
Useful in: brown caramel, brown nuts, brown cocoa, brown coffee, brown others, dairy, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, fruity others, sweet others, alcoholics.
The Good Scents Company
Odor: strong sharp sweet bitter almond cherry
The John D. Walsh Company
The Lermond Company
Benzaldehyde, Natural
Ungerer & Company
Benzaldehyde Natural
Ungerer & Company
Vigon International
Benzaldehyde Natural
Vigon International
Benzaldehyde Synthetic
Odor: Bitter Almond,Burning,Sweet
WEN International
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 4), H227
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302; Acute toxicity, Inhalation (Category 4), H332
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
Respiratory sensitisation (Category 1), H334
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H401
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H227 - Combustible liquid
H302 + H332 - Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
H334 - May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled
H401 - Toxic to aquatic life
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P272 - Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P285 - In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.
P301 + P312 - IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P302 + P352 - IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P341 - IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P333 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P342 + P311 - IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
gavage-guinea pig LD50  [sex: M,F] 1000 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 1300 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-rat LD50  2850 mg/kg
(Sporn et al., 1967)

gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 1300 mg/kg
(Taylor et al., 1964)

oral-guinea pig LD50  1000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

oral-mammal (species unspecified) LD50  2020 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 39(4), Pg. 86, 1974.

oral-rat LD50  1300 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

oral-mouse LD50  28 mg/kg
European Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene. Vol. 9, Pg. 99, 1976.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  9 mg/kg
European Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene. Vol. 9, Pg. 99, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-rat LD50 5000 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 163, 1922.

subcutaneous-rabbit LD50 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 693, 1976.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC > 500 mg/m3
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(11), Pg. 40, 1974.

inhalation-rat LC > 500 mg/m3
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(11), Pg. 40, 1974.

Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.02 % (1)
Category 2:  0.02 %
Category 3:  0.09 %
Category 4:  0.27 %
Category 5:  0.14 %
Category 6:
See Note (1)
0.43 % (1)
Category 7:  0.05 %
Category 8:  0.60 %
Category 9:  3.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (


(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 7900.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 36000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -110.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -36.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 50.0000060.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -840.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -42.00000
fruit ices: -42.00000
gelatins / puddings: -160.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -120.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View Calculate predicted properties
ECHA Data Sheet: View
Daily Med: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
National Toxicology Program: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 100-52-7
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1990
WGK Germany: 2
DTP/NCI: 7917
Chemidplus: 0000100527
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 100-52-7
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 100-52-7
Pubchem (cid): 240
Pubchem (sid): 134972707
Flavornet: 100-52-7
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00261
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB06115
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01326
Export Tariff Code: 2912.21.0000
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
•benzaldehyde is commercially available in two grades. pure benzaldehyde, which is suitable for most uses, accounts for more than 95% of the amount sold. double-distilled benzaldehyde is used mainly in the pharmaceutical, perfume, and flavor industries . •cmpd benzaldehyde elixir nf. dissolve benzaldehyde (0.5 ml) & vanillin (1 g) in alcohol syrup orange flower water and purified water . •benzaldehyde fcc grade of benzaldehyde free from chlorine. •grades: technical; nf
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
 allyl 2-ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl benzoateFR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 anise indeneFR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 benzaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 benzaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 benzaldehyde glycrol acetalFL/FR
2-benzofuran carboxaldehydeFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 bread thiopheneFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cherry laurel oilFL
 cherry oxyacetateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cherry propanolFL/FR
 chocolate pyrazine AFL/FR
 chocolate pyrazine BFL
 cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl nitrileFR
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
3,5-cocoa pyrazineFL/FR
3,5(6)-cocoa pyrazineFL
 coconut absoluteFL/FR
 cyclohexyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl formateFL/FR
 dibenzyl ketoneFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
 ethyl 2-phenyl-3-furoateFL
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
4-ethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
5-ethyl-2-thiophene carboxaldehydeFL
 fir carboxylateFR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
 geranyl crotonateFR
 green acetateFR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl pivalateFR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalool oxide acetatesFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
2-methoxy-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
para-methyl anisoleFL/FR
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl cyclogeranateFR
 methyl furfuracrylateFL
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
4-methyl salicylaldehydeFL
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain lemon oilFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diethyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl pyruvic acidFL/FR
 powdery ketoneFL
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 tolualdehyde glyceryl acetalFL/FR
 tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)FL/FR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 a la mode 
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 almond blossom 
 apple crabapple 
 apple greenFR
 bread white bread 
 bubble gumFR
 cherry blackFR
 cherry blossomFR
 cherry maraschinoFL
 cherry wildFL
 clove blossom 
 coconut tropicalFR
 eglantine sweet briarFR
 elder berryFR
 elder flowerFR
 loganberry dewberryFR
 marigold tageteFL/FR
 nut pecanFL
 nut pistachioFL
 nut walnutFL
 passion blossomFR
 passion fruitFR
 plum blossom 
 potato chip 
 rose wild rose 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 almond bitter almond
GRIN Trop Picture
 anacyclus officinarum
GRIN Trop Picture
 anacyclus pedunculatus
GRIN Trop Picture
 apple 47 ppm
 apple juice 294 ppm
GRIN Trop Picture
 apricot kernel
GRIN Trop Picture
 beer 216 ppm
 bread white bread 40903 ppm
 butter 1 ppm
 carnation absolute @ <0.01%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 0.54%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cassia leaf oil china @ 0.54%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cassie absolute @ 5.98%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 chamomile oil @ 0.02%
Data  GC 
 champaca concrete @ 0.03%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 chrysophyllum arten
GRIN Trop Picture
 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ trace-0.05%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 0.54%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cinnamon leaf
GRIN Trop Picture
 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.02-0.03%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 clove bud oil @ 0.07%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 clove leaf oil @ 0.07%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 clove stem oil india @ 0.03%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 coffee roasted 2008 ppm
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 0.40%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 cranberry 67 ppm
GRIN Trop Picture
 davallia brasiliensis
GRIN Trop Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 guava leaf oil cuba @ 0.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 0.40%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
GRIN Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute china @ 0.02%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 kewda oil @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
GRIN Trop Picture
 lacuma deliciosa
GRIN Trop Picture
 lacuma multiflora
GRIN Trop Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lavandin oil china @ 0.13%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lecythis usitata miers. var. paraensis (ducke) r. kunth. flower oil brazil @ 2.40%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 mandarin oil italy @ 0.02%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 mangrove bark red oil cuba @ 0.10%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
GRIN Trop Picture
 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.19%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
GRIN Trop Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 potato chip 197 ppm
 raspberry plant
 rice cooked rice 23 ppm
 sambucus nigra
GRIN Trop Picture
 star fruit oil cuba @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 strawberry 39 ppm
GRIN Trop Picture
 tejpat oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 tomato 8501 ppm
 ylang ylang oil @ 0.94%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.59%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
 almond artificial essential oil
artificial bitter almond oil
artificial almond oil
bitter almond oil synthetic
 benzaldehyde (bitter almond oil ex-prunus spp)
 benzaldehyde (bitter almond) ess. oil (residue from prunus kernel spp) (for fragrance)
 benzaldehyde (natural)
 benzaldehyde (naturals) 99%, (naturals)
 benzaldehyde DD
 benzaldehyde EEC natural
 benzaldehyde FCC
 benzaldehyde FCC synthetic
 benzaldehyde natural
 benzaldehyde natural isolate
 benzaldehyde rectified FCC
 benzaldehyde synthetic
 benzaldehyde USP/NF
 benzaldehyde, natural
 benzene carbaldehyde
 benzene carbonal
 benzene carboxaldehyde
 benzene methylal
 benzoic acid aldehyde
 benzoic aldehyde
 benzoyl hydride
 phenyl methanal
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
PubMed: Determination of volatile compounds in four commercial samples of Japanese green algae using solid phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry.
PubMed: [Kansei biosensors to reproduce gustatory and olfactory senses].
PubMed: Relationship of sensory and instrumental aroma measurements of dark chocolate as influenced by fermentation method, roasting and conching conditions.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds of Chinese famous liquors by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and flash GC electronic-nose.
PubMed: Waterpipe smoking: analysis of the aroma profile of flavored waterpipe tobaccos.
PubMed: Polymer characterization and optimization of conditions for the enhanced bioproduction of benzaldehyde by Pichia pastoris in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor.
PubMed: Effect of roasting conditions on color and volatile profile including HMF level in sweet almonds (Prunus dulcis).
PubMed: Diacetyl levels and volatile profiles of commercial starter distillates and selected dairy foods.
PubMed: Desalination of fish sauce by electrodialysis: effect on selected aroma compounds and amino acid compositions.
PubMed: Physicochemical and flavor characteristics of flavoring agent from mungbean protein hydrolyzed by bromelain.
PubMed: Use of Tetragenococcus halophilus as a starter culture for flavor improvement in fish sauce fermentation.
PubMed: Key aroma components of a dry-cured sausage with high fat content (sobrassada).
PubMed: Supercritical fluid extraction of peach (Prunus persica) almond oil: process yield and extract composition.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma-active compounds of Korean perilla (Perilla frutescens Britton) leaf.
PubMed: A liquid chromatographic method optimization for the assessment of low and high molar mass carbonyl compounds in wines.
PubMed: Vanillin phosphorescence as a probe of molecular mobility in amorphous sucrose.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Relationships between sensory descriptors, consumer acceptability and volatile flavor compounds of American dry-cured ham.
PubMed: Characterization of the most odor-active compounds in an American Bourbon whisky by application of the aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Tomato phenylacetaldehyde reductases catalyze the last step in the synthesis of the aroma volatile 2-phenylethanol.
PubMed: Antioxidant property of Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.
PubMed: Chemical conversion of alpha-amino acids into alpha-keto acids by 4,5-epoxy-2-decenal.
PubMed: Production of natural fruity aroma by Geotrichum candidum.
PubMed: The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed: Flavor processing: perceptual and cognitive factors in multi-modal integration.
PubMed: Influence of thermal processing conditions on flavor stability in fluid milk: benzaldehyde.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction for flavor analysis in Harari Khat (Catha edulis) stimulant.
PubMed: [Analysis on the volatile flavor compounds in Agaricus blazei by GC-MS].
PubMed: Thresholds of carcinogenicity of flavors.
PubMed: Application of pulsed field gradient NMR techniques for investigating binding of flavor compounds to macromolecules.
PubMed: Volatile components of the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria perornata (Skuja).
PubMed: Hydroxy- or methoxy-substituted benzaldoximes and benzaldehyde-O-alkyloximes as tyrosinase inhibitors.
PubMed: Tyrosine and phenylalanine catabolism by Lactobacillus cheese flavor adjuncts.
PubMed: Physicochemical Characteristics of Selected Sweet Cherry Cultivars.
PubMed: Cinnamaldehyde content in foods determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Flavor release from salad dressings: sensory and physicochemical approaches in relation with the structure.
PubMed: Interactions between wine polyphenols and aroma substances. An insight at the molecular level.
PubMed: Conversion of phenylalanine to benzaldehyde initiated by an aminotransferase in lactobacillus plantarum
PubMed: A review of the interactions between milk proteins and dairy flavor compounds.
PubMed: Benzaldehyde, citral, and d-limonene flavor perception in the presence of casein and whey proteins.
PubMed: Volatile Flavor Compounds Produced by Molds of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fungi imperfecti.
PubMed: Evaluating Electrophysiological and Behavioral Responses to Volatiles for Improvement of Odor-Baited Trap Tree Management of Conotrachelus nenuphar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
PubMed: [Kansei biosensors to reproduce gustatory and olfactory senses].
PubMed: Inventory and treatment of compost maturation emissions in a municipal solid waste treatment facility.
PubMed: Assessing the chemotaxis behavior of Physarum polycephalum to a range of simple volatile organic chemicals.
PubMed: Evaluation of the volatile composition and sensory properties of five species of microalgae.
PubMed: Aroma characterization of chinese rice wine by gas chromatography-olfactometry, chemical quantitative analysis, and aroma reconstitution.
PubMed: Nuclear PKG localization is regulated by Gâ‚€ alpha and is necessary in the AWB neurons to mediate avoidance in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed: Characterization of Aronia melanocarpa volatiles by headspace-solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME), simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) methods.
PubMed: Response times and response accuracy for odor localization and identification.
PubMed: Characterization of volatile organic compounds from human analogue decomposition using thermal desorption coupled to comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Analysis and optimization of a synthetic milkweed floral attractant for mosquitoes.
PubMed: α7-Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor: role in early odor learning preference in mice.
PubMed: Imaging evolutionarily conserved neural networks: preferential activation of the olfactory system by food-related odor.
PubMed: Volatile organic compounds and metal leaching from composite products made from fiberglass-resin portion of printed circuit board waste.
PubMed: Genetic variation in odorant receptors contributes to variation in olfactory behavior in a natural population of Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: A behavior-based circuit model of how outcome expectations organize learned behavior in larval Drosophila.
PubMed: Characterization of odor-active compounds of various cherry wines by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, gas chromatography-olfactometry and their correlation with sensory attributes.
PubMed: Dynamics of odorant binding to thin aqueous films of rat-OBP3.
PubMed: A behavioral odor similarity "space" in larval Drosophila.
PubMed: Chemical composition of burnt smell caused by accidental fires: environmental contaminants.
PubMed: Field evaluation of traps and lures for monitoring plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Alabama peaches.
PubMed: Insulin signaling plays a dual role in Caenorhabditis elegans memory acquisition and memory retrieval.
PubMed: Field attractants for Pachnoda interrupta selected by means of GC-EAD and single sensillum screening.
PubMed: Volatiles released from Vaccinium corymbosum were attractive to Aegorhinus superciliosus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in an olfactometric bioassay.
PubMed: Serotonin mediates a learned increase in attraction to high concentrations of benzaldehyde in aged C. elegans.
PubMed: Floral scent of Canada thistle and its potential as a generic insect attractant.
PubMed: Characterization of the most odor-active compounds in an American Bourbon whisky by application of the aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Characterization of fish sauce aroma-impact compounds using GC-MS, SPME-Osme-GCO, and Stevens' power law exponents.
PubMed: 3-Eth-oxy-4-hydroxy-benzaldehyde.
PubMed: Floral odors of Silene otites: their variability and attractiveness to mosquitoes.
PubMed: Benzaldehyde derivatives from Sarcodontia crocea.
PubMed: The relationship between blood flow and neuronal activity in the rodent olfactory bulb.
PubMed: The fickle mutation of a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase effects sensitization but not dishabituation in Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: Impact of temperature on plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) responses to odor-baited traps.
PubMed: Floral odor variation in two heterostylous species of Primula.
PubMed: A redefinition of odor mixture quality.
PubMed: Diverse odor-conditioned memories require uniquely timed dorsal paired medial neuron output.
PubMed: Amount of ingested custard dessert as affected by its color, odor, and texture.
PubMed: 3 using odor-baited trap trees as sentinels to monitor plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in apple orchards.
PubMed: Field evaluation of plant odor and pheromonal combinations for attracting plum curculios.
PubMed: Odor-baited trap trees: a new approach to monitoring plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
PubMed: Structural and functional changes in the olfactory pathway of adult Drosophila take place at a critical age.
PubMed: Blocking sensory inputs to identified antennal glomeruli selectively modifies odorant perception in Drosophila.
PubMed: Effects of olfactory function, age, and gender on trigeminally mediated sensations: a study based on the lateralization of chemosensory stimuli.
PubMed: Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of natural enemies to synomones from tea shoots and kairomones from tea aphids, Toxoptera aurantii.
PubMed: Vanaso is a candidate quantitative trait gene for Drosophila olfactory behavior.
PubMed: Serotonin mediates food-odor associative learning in the nematode Caenorhabditiselegans.
PubMed: The DSC1 channel, encoded by the smi60E locus, contributes to odor-guided behavior in Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: Non-specific olfactory aversion induced by intrabulbar infusion of the GABA(A) receptor antagonist bicuculline in young rats.
PubMed: The anise-like odor of Clitocybe odora, Lentinellus cochleatus and Agaricus essettei.
PubMed: Response of plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to odor-baited traps near woods.
PubMed: An Improved Synthesis of 7-Substituted Pyrrolo[3,2-d]pyrimidines.
PubMed: Odor exposure causes central adaptation and morphological changes in selected olfactory glomeruli in Drosophila.
PubMed: Electrophysiological studies of olfaction in the whip spider Phrynus parvulus (Arachnida, Amblypygi).
PubMed: Effects of the sniffing port air makeup in gas chromatography-olfactometry.
PubMed: Olfactory adaptation depends on the Trp Ca2+ channel in Drosophila.
PubMed: Conditioned visual flight orientation in Drosophila melanogaster abolished by benzaldehyde.
PubMed: Epistatic interactions between smell-impaired loci in Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: Association of visual objects and olfactory cues in Drosophila.
PubMed: Quantitative genetic variation of odor-guided behavior in a natural population of Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: Effects of single P-element insertions on olfactory behavior in Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: Effects of odorants on pigment aggregation and cAMP in fish melanophores.
PubMed: Olfactory physiology in the Drosophila antenna and maxillary palp: acj6 distinguishes two classes of odorant pathways.
PubMed: Identification of floral compounds fromAbelia grandiflora that stimulate upwind flight in cabbage looper moths.
PubMed: Evaluation of antifungal volatile compounds on the basis of the elongation rate of a single hypha.
PubMed: Odor of the muskox : A preliminary investigation.
PubMed: Defensive odor emission from larvae of two sawfly species,Pristiphora erichsonii andP. wesmaeli.
PubMed: Old-age deficits in the sense of smell as gauged by thresholds, magnitude matching, and odor identification.
PubMed: Olfactory and nonolfactory odor detection in pigeons: elucidation by a cardiac acceleration paradigm.
PubMed: Quality and intensity of binary odor mixtures.
PubMed: Activation and odor conditioning of suckling behavior in 3-day-old albino rats.
PubMed: Taste and olfaction in human obesity.
PubMed: Specific anosmia to geraniol in mice.
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Soluble in:
 ethyl alcohol, 1:1-1::1.5 in 70% alcohol
 ethyl alcohol, 1:2.5 in 60% alcohol
 ethyl alcohol, 1:8 in 50% alcohol
 ethyl alcohol, 5 vol. of 50% alcohol
 paraffin oil
 water, 6570 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 non-discoloring in most media
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