cherry laurel oil
prunus laurocerasus oil
 
Notes:
DO NOT USE AT ALL. Cherry Laurel Oil is produced by water distillation or water and steam distillation of the enzymatically decomposed macerate of powdered leaves of the cherry laurel tree, Prunus Laurocerasus. The tree grows commonly in the western parts of Asia, in Asia Minor, the Middle and Near East, the Mediterranean countries and in southern Europe. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. prunus laurocerasus, rosaceae.
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      Product(s):
      03-19750 CHERRY LAUREL OIL (FFPA) (PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS L.), Kosher
       
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Name: prunus laurocerasus l. oil
CAS Number: 8000-44-0 
FDA UNII: G3X35793OV
Category: flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2277  cherry laurel oil
FDA Mainterm: CHERRY LAUREL, OIL (PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS L.) (FFPA)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 4.629e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
 sweet  almond bitter almond  cherry maraschino cherry  
Odor Description:
at 0.10 % in dipropylene glycol. 
strong sweet bitter almond
 almond bitter almond  cherry maraschino cherry  
Taste Description:
bitter almond
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
Parchem
Cherry Laurel Oil
Penta International
CHERRY LAUREL OIL (FFPA) (PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS L.), Kosher
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for cherry laurel oil usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -75.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: -77.00000
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8000-44-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 prunus laurocerasus l. oil
Chemidplus: 0008000440
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References:
 prunus laurocerasus l. oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8000-44-0
Pubchem (sid): 135338441
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
Household Products: Search
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
(E)-5-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
anisic
ortho-acetanisoleFL/FR
ortho-anisaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
bready
 furfuralFL/FR
buttery
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
camphoreous
 butyrophenoneFL/FR
caramellic
 geranyl crotonateFR
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
chocolate
 chocolate pyrazine AFL/FR
2-methoxy-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
earthy
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
ethereal
 cyclohexyl formateFL/FR
 propyl formateFL/FR
fermented
 valeraldehydeFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 ho wood oilFR
beta-iononeFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
 rose carboxylateFR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 allyl 2-ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl benzoateFR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 benzaldehydeFL/FR
 benzaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 benzaldehyde glycrol acetalFL/FR
2-benzofuran carboxaldehydeFL/FR
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
 bread thiopheneFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
 cherry oxyacetateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cherry propanolFL/FR
 cyclohexyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerateFL/FR
4-ethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 geranyl methyl tiglate 
 heliotropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
beta-ionone epoxideFL/FR
 methyl 2-methyl valerateFL/FR
3-methyl-2-butenalFL/FR
3-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
 osmanthus flower absoluteFL/FR
isopropenyl acetateFL/FR
 propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
meta-tolualdehydeFL/FR
para-tolualdehydeFL/FR
 tolualdehyde glyceryl acetalFL/FR
 tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)FL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
 benzaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 heptanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diethyl acetalFL/FR
 thiogeraniolFL/FR
herbal
laevo-perillaldehydeFL/FR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
honey
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl pyruvic acidFL/FR
mentholic
 menthyl acetate racemicFL/FR
naphthyl
2,4-dimethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-cocoa pyrazineFL/FR
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
2-methyl-3-ethoxypyrazineFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
phenolic
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
 dibenzyl ketoneFL/FR
soapy
 ambrettolideFL/FR
spicy
 cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
(E)-para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
sulfurous
 blackberry thiophenoneFL/FR
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
 cassis pentanoneFL/FR
 passiflora acetateFL/FR
waxy
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl 2-ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl tiglateFL
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 blackberry thiophenoneFL/FR
 butyrophenoneFL/FR
 chocolate pyrazine AFL/FR
 chocolate pyrazine BFL
 cyclohexyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-phenyl-3-furoateFL
4-ethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
5-ethyl-2-thiophene carboxaldehydeFL
 heliotropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
2-hexenalFL
beta-ionone epoxideFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 menthyl acetate racemicFL/FR
(E)-para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl furfuracrylateFL
4-methyl salicylaldehydeFL
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
2-methyl-3-ethoxypyrazineFL/FR
(E)-5-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-4-olFL
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 osmanthus flower absoluteFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diethyl acetalFL/FR
meta-tolualdehydeFL/FR
 tolualdehyde glyceryl acetalFL/FR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
anisic
ortho-anisaldehydeFL/FR
aromatic
laevo-perillaldehydeFL/FR
berry
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
bitter
 dibenzyl ketoneFL/FR
brown
 furfuralFL/FR
buttery
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
cherry
para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
citrus
 linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
ethereal
isopropenyl acetateFL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
 benzaldehydeFL/FR
 benzaldehyde glycrol acetalFL/FR
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
 bread thiopheneFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
 cherry oxyacetateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cherry propanolFL/FR
 cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-oxohexanoateFL
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 geranyl methyl tiglate 
2,4-hexadien-1-olFL
 methyl 2-methyl valerateFL/FR
3-methyl-2-butenalFL/FR
 propyl formateFL/FR
 propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
 tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)FL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
green
 benzaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 cassis pentanoneFL/FR
 cyclohexyl formateFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 heptanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
herbal
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
jammy
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
minty
 thiogeraniolFL/FR
naphthyl
2,4-dimethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
2-benzofuran carboxaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-cocoa pyrazineFL/FR
3,5(6)-cocoa pyrazineFL
2-methoxy-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
oily
3-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
phenolic
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
 phenyl pyruvic acidFL/FR
powdery
ortho-acetanisoleFL/FR
 acetophenoneFL/FR
 powdery ketoneFL
soapy
 ambrettolideFL/FR
spicy
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
para-tolualdehydeFL/FR
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
 methyl 2-(methyl thio) butyrateFL
 methyl thiomethyl butyrateFL
tropical
 passiflora acetateFL/FR
winey
 valeraldehydeFL/FR
woody
beta-iononeFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 almondFL
 cherryFL
 fruit 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 prunus laurocerasus
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 cherry-laurel oil
english cherry-laurel oil
 prunus laurocerasus oil
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Articles:
PubMed: Whole-plant allocation to storage and defense in juveniles of related evergreen and deciduous shrub species.
PubMed: Epicuticular wax on cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) leaves does not constitute the cuticular transpiration barrier.
PubMed: In vitro pollen viability and pollen germination in cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus L.).
PubMed: A biologically inspired hydrophobic membrane for application in pervaporation.
PubMed: Effects of poly- and monodisperse surfactants on 14C-epoxiconazole diffusion in isolated cuticles of Prunus laurocerasus.
PubMed: A radioactive assay allowing the quantitative measurement of cuticular permeability of intact Arabidopsis thaliana leaves.
PubMed: Chemical cues for host location by the chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus.
PubMed: Toward in vivo chemical imaging of epicuticular waxes.
PubMed: Air-coupled broadband ultrasonic spectroscopy as a new non-invasive and non-contact method for the determination of leaf water status.
PubMed: Generation of primary amide glucosides from cyanogenic glucosides.
PubMed: Biodiversity and new records of microfungi in the Ruhrarea (north Rhine Westfalia), Germany.
PubMed: The application of ToF-SIMS to the analysis of herbicide formulation penetration into and through leaf cuticles.
PubMed: Acarological diagnostic research at the Diagnostic Centre for Plants during the period 2004-2006.
PubMed: Uptake and storage of PCBs by plant cuticles.
PubMed: In situ analysis by microspectroscopy reveals triterpenoid compositional patterns within leaf cuticles of Prunus laurocerasus.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the epicuticular and intracuticular wax layers on the adaxial side of Ligustrum vulgare leaves.
PubMed: Raman microspectroscopic analysis of triterpenoids found in plant cuticles.
PubMed: Ion-mediated flow changes suppressed by minimal calcium presence in xylem sap in Chrysanthemum and Prunus laurocerasus.
PubMed: Modelling the effects of alcohol ethoxylates on diffusion of pesticides in the cuticular wax of Chenopodium album leaves.
PubMed: Plant-microbe interactions: identification of epiphytic bacteria and their ability to alter leaf surface permeability.
PubMed: Surface morphology and chemistry of Prunus laurocerasus L. leaves: a study using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry, atomic-force microscopy and scanning-electron microscopy.
PubMed: Effects of the experimental blockage of the major veins on hydraulics and gas exchange of Prunus laurocerasus L. leaves.
PubMed: Effect of humidity on cuticular water permeability of isolated cuticular membranes and leaf disks.
PubMed: Effect of temperature on cuticular transpiration of isolated cuticular membranes and leaf discs.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the Prunus laurocerasus leaf surface. Dynamic changes of the epicuticular wax film during leaf development.
PubMed: Quantitative structure-property relationships on photodegradation of PCDD/Fs in cuticular waxes of laurel cherry (Prunus laurocerasus).
PubMed: Xylem cavitation in the leaf of Prunus laurocerasus and its impact on leaf hydraulics.
PubMed: Thermodynamic analysis of diffusion of non-electrolytes across plant cuticles in the presence and absence of the plasticiser tributyl phosphate.
PubMed: Medicinal plants and food medicines in the folk traditions of the upper Lucca Province, Italy.
PubMed: [A new mandelonitrile lyase from the cherrylaurel (Prunus laurocerasus) (author's transl)].
PubMed: [Analysis and content of hydrocyanic acid by cutting, row and organographic zone of leaves of cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus L)].
PubMed: [MASSIAS M: (BIOGENESIS OF THE CYANOGENETIC GLUCOSIDE IN PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS)].
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