vetiver oil haiti
 
Notes:
The parent plant is a grass, Vetiveria Zizanoides, a tall perennial which originates in India, probably also in Indonesia and Ceylon. Vetiver Oil is steam distilled from cleaned and washed rootlets which are dried, cut and chopped, then again usually soaked in water prior to distillation. The distillation is undertaken near the place of harvesting with exception of small lots which are distilled in Europe or the U.S.A. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. vetiveria zizanoides, gramineae.
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Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name: vetiveria zizanioides stapf. root oil
CAS Number: 8016-96-4 
CoE Number: 479
Also Contains: vetiveria zizanioides root extract
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FDA Mainterm: VETIVER, OIL (VETIVERIA ZIZANIOIDES STAPF)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: yellow brown clear viscous liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.98400 to 1.03500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.188 to  8.612
Refractive Index: 1.51500 to 1.53000 @  20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: +17.00 to +46.00
Flash Point: > 200.00 °F. TCC ( > 93.33 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 2.148 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 bath foam
 cream
 hair spray
 lotion
 powder
 shampoo
 soap
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
woody earthy rooty balsam amber
Substantivity: 400 Hour(s)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
tonic
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 1013, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 1013, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for vetiver oil haiti usage levels up to:
  12.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Recommendation for vetiver oil haiti flavor usage levels up to:
  10.0000 ppm in the finished product.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8016-96-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany:2
 vetiveria zizanioides stapf. root oil
Chemidplus: 0008016964
RTECS: YY3177050 for cas# 8016-96-4
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 vetiveria zizanioides stapf. root oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8016-96-4
Pubchem (sid): 135327561
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.26.0000
Wikipedia: View
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 atractylis absoluteFR
aldehydic
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
amber
 acetoxymethyl isolongifoleneFR
 amber spiroleneFR
 ambroxanFL/FR
 angelica root oilFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
 formoxymethyl isolongifoleneFR
animal
isobutyl quinolineFR
para-tert-butyl quinolineFR
 costus valerolactoneFR
 indoleFL/FR
anisic
 ambrette seed oilFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
(E)-benzyl tiglateFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl formateFL/FR
isobornyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 brachyleana hutchinsii wood oilFR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clover nitrileFR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
dextro-fenchoneFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
 juniper berry oil terpenelessFL/FR
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 myrrh oilFL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
camphoreous
 fencholFL/FR
laevo-fenchoneFL/FR
caramellic
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetateFL/FR
 grapefruit indeneFR
 grapefruit nitrileFR
 grapefruit pentanolFR
earthy
6(or 8)-isobutyl quinolineFR
 patchouli cyclohexanolFR
 pogostemon cablin leaf extractFR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 bois de rose oil terpenelessFL/FR
 cananga oilFL/FR
 cassie absoluteFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl formateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 gardenia decaloneFR
 geraniolFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 heliotropyl diethyl acetalFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 hyacinth etherFR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 leerallFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 methyl ionyl acetateFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 muguet carboxaldehydeFR
 nerolFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)FL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
 phenyl glycol diacetateFR
 rhodinolFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 vetiver pentanoneFR
 violet methyl carbonateFR
fruity
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
 bergoxaneFR
isocyclocitral (IFF)FL/FR
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 galbanum absoluteFL/FR
 galbanum absolute replacerFR
 hexanal (aldehyde C-6)FL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
 lawsonia inermis leaf oil CO2 extractFR
4-methyl-4-phenyl pentanoneFR
 oakmoss oilFR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
hay
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
 hay absoluteFR
herbal
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 arnica flower absoluteFR
 bornane-3,1-cyclopenta-2-oneFR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 guava leaf oil cubaFR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
5-mercapto-6-undecanone 
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
marine
 marine pyridineFR
melon
 watermelon ketoneFR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 veramoss (IFF)FR
phenolic
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
rooty
 vetiver oil terpenesFR
spicy
 allspice oilFL/FR
 benzyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 carnation absoluteFR
4-carvomenthenolFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 myrceneFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
sweet
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
terpenic
 cypress leaf oilFR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
tonka
 coumarinFR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
tropical
 genet absoluteFL/FR
 patchwoodFR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
 decyl acetateFL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
woody
 agarwood oilFR
 agarwood oil replacerFR
 amber carbinolFR
 amber decatrieneFR
 amyris acetateFR
 cadineneFL/FR
 cedar cyclododecatrieneFR
 cedrenyl acetateFR
 cedryl formateFR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 cyperus root oil (cyperus scariosus)FR
 cypriol oil (cyperus scariosus)FR
2-decalinyl formateFR
 dihydro-beta-iononeFL/FR
 dihydro-gamma-iononeFL/FR
3(or 2),4-dimethyl-5-vinyl octahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-ol 
 dryopteris filix-mas oleoresinFR
 germacrene B 
 guaiacwood extract acetateFR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
 herbal norbornaneFR
5,5a,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-6,6,7,8,8-pentamethyl-4H-indeno[5,4-D]isoxazole 
 khusimone 
 methyl 2,6,10-trimethyl cyclododeca-2,5,9-trienyl ketoneFR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 methyl methylene tricyclodecanol acetateFR
isomethyl tetrahydroionyl acetateFR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 octahydro-3(or 2),4-dimethyl-4,7-methanoinden-5-one 
 orris hexanoneFR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
terpeneless patchouli oilFL/FR
 patchouli oil chinaFL/FR
 pelargonium radula oilFR
 pinacolFR
 pogostemon cablin leaf oilFR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 santallFR
beta-terpineolFL/FR
 tetramethyl-4-methylene-2-heptanolFR
 tobacarol (IFF)FR
3(or 2),4,5-trimethyl octahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-olFR
3(or 2),4,5-trimethyl-3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-ol 
1,3,5,7-undecatetraeneFL/FR
 vetiver essenceFL/FR
 vetiver fragranceFR
 vetiver oil bourbonFL/FR
 vetiver oil brazilFL/FR
 vetiver oil chinaFL/FR
 vetiver oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 vetiver oil fractionsFR
 vetiver oil indiaFL/FR
 vetiver oil replacerFR
 vetiver resinoidFR
 vetiver specialtyFR
 vetiveria zizanioides root extractFR
 vetiveria zizanioides root oilFL/FR
 vetiverolFL/FR
 vetiveryl acetateFL/FR
 vetylboisFR
 woody acetateFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 woody propanolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 ambrette seed oilFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 cadineneFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
isocyclocitral (IFF)FL/FR
 dihydro-gamma-iononeFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetateFL/FR
3(or 2),4-dimethyl-5-vinyl octahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-ol 
 germacrene B 
5,5a,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-6,6,7,8,8-pentamethyl-4H-indeno[5,4-D]isoxazole 
 khusimone 
5-mercapto-6-undecanone 
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 octahydro-3(or 2),4-dimethyl-4,7-methanoinden-5-one 
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
3-propyl pyridineFL
beta-terpineolFL/FR
3(or 2),4,5-trimethyl-3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-ol 
1,3,5,7-undecatetraeneFL/FR
 vetiverolFL/FR
 vetiveryl acetateFL/FR
 vitispiraneFL
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
animal
 indoleFL/FR
anise
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
aromatic
 benzyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
(E)-benzyl tiglateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
 juniper berry oil terpenelessFL/FR
 myrrh oilFL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
brown
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
camphoreous
 fencholFL/FR
caramellic
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
cherry
 heliotropinFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
cooling
4-carvomenthenolFL/FR
dextro-fenchoneFL/FR
laevo-fenchoneFL/FR
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
fatty
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 bois de rose oil terpenelessFL/FR
 cananga oilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 rhodinolFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl formateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 angelica root oilFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 galbanum absoluteFL/FR
 hexanal (aldehyde C-6)FL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
hay
 genet absoluteFL/FR
herbal
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
medicinal
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
orris
 costus root oilFL
phenolic
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
spicy
 allspice oilFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cassie absoluteFL/FR
 cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 turmeric oleoresinFL
sweet
 orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)FL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
 decyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
woody
 ambroxanFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl formateFL/FR
 dihydro-beta-iononeFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 methyl ionyl acetateFL/FR
 myrceneFL/FR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
terpeneless patchouli oilFL/FR
 patchouli oil chinaFL/FR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 vetiver essenceFL/FR
 vetiver oil bourbonFL/FR
 vetiver oil brazilFL/FR
 vetiver oil chinaFL/FR
 vetiver oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 vetiver oil indiaFL/FR
 vetiveria zizanioides root oilFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 a suma 
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 aimant 
 aldehydicFR
 amberFR
 ambrene 
 amour-amour 
 amyrisFL/FR
 anais anais 
 animalFR
 appleFR
 armoiseFR
 arpege 
 ash mountain ash blossom 
 azaleaFR
 balsamFR
 bark 
 bayberryFR
 bean locust bean 
 beeswax cire d'abeilleFL/FR
 benzoinett 
 blackberryFR
 blue dream 
 boroniaFR
 bouquetFR
 boxwoodberry 
 burberry 
 cabochard 
 cabreuvaFR
 carnation dianthus oeilletFR
 cassiaFR
 cassia blossom 
 castoreumFR
 cedarFR
 cedar forestFR
 cedarleafFL/FR
 chanel #5 
 charlie 
 chloe 
 chypreFR
 clove blossom 
 coconutFR
 coronillaFR
 cortex 
 daphneFR
 deertongueFR
 earth humusFR
 emeraude 
 estee 
 fantasy blends 
 fenugreekFL/FR
 fern fougereFR
 fetesFR
 fidji 
 figFR
 fir balsamFR
 fixer 
 florida soap 
 flouveFR
 flouve blossom 
 flowers of the isle of wight 
 forestFR
 frangipanni plumeriaFR
 fungus mushroomFR
 galbanumFL/FR
 genet genista broomFR
 ginger whiteFR
 grass sweetFR
 guaiacwoodFL/FR
 habubaFR
 hawthornFR
 heatherFR
 herbalFR
 hugonia 
 immortelle helichrysum everlastingFL/FR
 incenseFR
 iris blossom 
 je reviens 
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 l'air du temps 
 labdanumFL/FR
 autumnFR
 leap year bouquet 
 leatherFR
 mateFL/FR
 millefleurs 
 mimosaFR
 muskFR
 my sin 
 myrrhFR
 norell 
 nutFL
 oakmoss mousse de chene mossFR
 oakwood 
 ophira 
 opoponaxFL/FR
 orientalFR
 orris irisFR
 paris 
 patchouliFR
 petuniaFR
 phloxFR
 pinon coneFR
 powderFR
 presence 
 raspberryFR
 root 
 roseFR
 rose d'orientFR
 rose mossFR
 rose redFR
 rose whiteFR
 sageFL/FR
 sandalwoodFR
 scandal 
 soapyFR
 spiceFR
 straw 
 tabu 
 tea 
 tea greenFR
 tobaccoFR
 tonka beanFR
 tulipFR
 tweed 
 vanillaFR
 vetiverFR
 vetiver de guerlain 
 violetFR
 vol de nuit 
 wintergreenFR
 wisteria wistaria glycineFR
 woodruff asperulaFR
 woodyFR
 zibeline 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 vetiver
Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 chrysopogon zizaniodes root oil haiti
 essential oil distilled from the dried roots of the vetivert, vetiveria zizanoides, poaceae haiti
 oil vetivert haitian pure
 vetiver EO haiti
 vetiver haiti DM EO
 vetiver haiti EO
haitian vetiver oil
 vetiver oil (haiti)
 vetiver oil haiti
 vetiver oil haiti MD
 vetiver oil haitian
 vetiver oil, haiti
 vetiveria zizanioides root oil haiti
 vetivert oil haiti
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Comparative study of thermal properties of bio-coal from aromatic spent with low rank sub-bituminous coals.
PubMed: Anti-tuberculosis activity of Indian grass KHUS (Vetiveria zizanioides L. Nash).
PubMed: Technical note: Vetiver can grow on coal fly ash without DNA damage.
PubMed: In vitro antioxidant activity of Vetiveria Zizanioides root extract.
PubMed: Cadmium accumulation in vetiveria zizanioides and its effects on growth, physiological and biochemical characters.
PubMed: Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of volatile constituents in Thai vetiver root oils obtained by using different extraction methods.
PubMed: Vetiver grass, Vetiveria zizanioides: a choice plant for phytoremediation of heavy metals and organic wastes.
PubMed: Enzyme and root activities in surface-flow constructed wetlands.
PubMed: Effects of insoluble Zn, Cd, and EDTA on the growth, activities of antioxidant enzymes and uptake of Zn and Cd in Vetiveria zizanioides.
PubMed: Antioxidant potential of the root of Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash.
PubMed: Induction of lead-binding phytochelatins in vetiver grass [Vetiveria zizanioides (L.)].
PubMed: EDTA enhances lead uptake and facilitates phytoremediation by vetiver grass.
PubMed: Analysis of phytochelatin complexes in the lead tolerant vetiver grass [Vetiveria zizanioides (L.)] using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Growth and contaminant removal effect of several plants in constructed wetlands.
PubMed: Phytoextraction of lead-contaminated soil using vetivergrass (Vetiveria zizanioides L.), cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L.) and carabaograss (Paspalum conjugatum L.).
PubMed: The use of vetiver for remediation of heavy metal soil contamination.
PubMed: Potential of vetiver (vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash) for phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soils in Venezuela.
PubMed: Enhanced uptake of As, Zn, and Cu by Vetiveria zizanioides and Zea mays using chelating agents.
PubMed: [Comparison of nutrient removal ability between Cyperus alternifolius and Vetiveria zizanioides in constructed wetlands].
PubMed: Phytoaccumulation of lead by sunflower (Helianthus annuus), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), and vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides).
PubMed: Accumulation of heavy metals in four grasses grown on lead and zinc mine tailings.
PubMed: Khusimol, a non-peptide ligand for vasopressin V1a receptors.
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