carob bean absolute
st. john's bread absolute
derived from the seeds of ceratonia siliqua tree; straight chain polymer of mannose with one galactose on every fourth mannose; mw approx 310,000; see also record for guar gum (supercol gf).
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
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      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Carob Bean Absolute
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,… Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
      Crop Calendar
      160454 CAROUBE (ST JOHN'S BREAD) Pur & Nat
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Name: ceratonia siliqua l. absolute
CAS Number: 9000-40-2 
Other: 37231-31-5
ECHA EC Number: 232-541-5
MDL: MFCD00131257
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
Insoluble in:
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Organoleptic Properties:
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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A. Fakhry
Carob/locust Bean, St John's Bread Absolute
Augustus Oils
Carob Bean Absolute
Pur & Nat
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Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-hamster LD50  10000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

oral-mouse LD50  13000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

oral-rabbit LD50  9100 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

oral-rat LD50  13000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
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Safety References: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 9000-40-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 ceratonia siliqua l. absolute
Chemidplus: 0009000402
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: OJ8690000 for cas# 9000-40-2
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 ceratonia siliqua l. absolute
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 9000-40-2
Pubchem (sid): 135359505
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Other Information:
Haz-Map: View
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 carob bean
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 carob absolute natural
 carob/locust bean, st john's bread absolute
 ceratonia siliqua absolute
 locust bean absolute
 st johns bread absolute
 st. john's bread absolute
 st. john's-bread absolute
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PubMed: Locust bean gum: Processing, properties and food applications-A review.
PubMed: [Effects on the lipid profile in humans of a polyphenol-rich carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) extract in a dairy matrix like a functional food; a pilot study].
PubMed: Nutritional characterisation and bioactive components of commercial carobs flours.
PubMed: Coping with drought-induced xylem cavitation: coordination of embolism repair and ionic effects in three Mediterranean evergreens.
PubMed: Alkaloids and polyketides from Penicillium citrinum, an endophyte isolated from the Moroccan plant Ceratonia siliqua.
PubMed: Galactomannan: a versatile biodegradable seed polysaccharide.
PubMed: Hepatoprotective effect of carob against acute ethanol-induced oxidative stress in rat.
PubMed: Fruit pod extracts as a source of nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals.
PubMed: Inhibitory effect of carob (Ceratonia siliqua) leaves methanolic extract on Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: A novel malate dehydrogenase from Ceratonia siliqua L. seeds with potential biotechnological applications.
PubMed: Locust bean gum: Exploring its potential for biopharmaceutical applications.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of Moroccan medicinal plants against citrus sour rot agent Geotrichum candidum.
PubMed: Ephedra alte (joint pine): an invasive, problematic weedy species in forestry and fruit tree orchards in Jordan.
PubMed: Process design and economic analysis of a hypothetical bioethanol production plant using carob pod as feedstock.
PubMed: Characterization of bioactive compounds and ameliorative effects of Ceratonia siliqua leaf extract against CClâ‚„ induced hepatic oxidative damage and renal failure in rats.
PubMed: Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of carob tree fruit pulps are strongly influenced by gender and cultivar.
PubMed: Chemical composition, cytotoxicity effect and antimicrobial activity of Ceratonia siliqua essential oil with preservative effects against Listeria inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed: Ceratonia siliqua (carob) trees as natural habitat and source of infection by Cryptococcus gattii in the Mediterranean environment.
PubMed: Phytochemical profile, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) germ flour extracts.
PubMed: Antidepressant activity of Ceratonia siliqua L. fruit extract, a source of polyphenols.
PubMed: Differential attraction of Aedes albopictus in the field to flowers, fruits and honeydew.
PubMed: Seed pods of the carob tree Ceratonia siliqua are a favored sugar source for the mosquito Aedes albopictus in coastal Israel.
PubMed: Ecophysiological responses of some maquis (Ceratonia siliqua L., Olea oleaster Hoffm. & Link, Pistacia lentiscus and Quercus coccifera L.) plant species to drought in the east Mediterranean ecosystem.
PubMed: Proanthocyanidin metabolites associated with dietary fibre from in vitro colonic fermentation and proanthocyanidin metabolites in human plasma.
PubMed: Anthelmintic activity of some Mediterranean browse plants against parasitic nematodes.
PubMed: Nutrient content of carob pod (Ceratonia siliqua L.) flour prepared commercially and domestically.
PubMed: Ethnopharmacological survey of wild medicinal plants in Showbak, Jordan.
PubMed: Does an extract of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) have chemopreventive potential related to oxidative stress and drug metabolism in human colon cells?
PubMed: Ruminal biohydrogenation as affected by tannins in vitro.
PubMed: Xylem embolism alleviated by ion-mediated increase in hydraulic conductivity of functional xylem: insights from field measurements.
PubMed: Carob fibre compounds modulate parameters of cell growth differently in human HT29 colon adenocarcinoma cells than in LT97 colon adenoma cells.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of aqueous and methanolic extracts of Jordanian plants: an ICBG project.
PubMed: Some compositional properties and mineral contents of carob (Ceratonia siliqua) fruit, flour and syrup.
PubMed: Increased acylated plasma ghrelin, but improved lipid profiles 24-h after consumption of carob pulp preparation rich in dietary fibre and polyphenols.
PubMed: Vegetable and animal food sorts found in the gastric content of Sardinian Wild Boar (Sus scrofa meridionalis).
PubMed: Flavonoid content in leaf extracts of the fig (Ficus carica L.), carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and pistachio (Pistacia lentiscus L.).
PubMed: Seed size variability: from carob to carats.
PubMed: Analysis of the volatiles emitted by whole flowers and isolated flower organs of the carob tree using HS-SPME-GC/MS.
PubMed: Rheological properties and sugar composition of locust bean gum from different carob varieties (Ceratonia siliqua L.).
PubMed: Identification of the main phenolic compounds in wood of Ceratonia siliqua by GC-MS.
PubMed: Ozone exposure induces the activation of leaf senescence-related processes and morphological and growth changes in seedlings of Mediterranean tree species.
PubMed: Identification of two additives, locust bean gum (E-410) and guar gum (E-412), in food products by DNA-based methods.
PubMed: Identification and quantification of polyphenols in carob fruits (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and derived products by HPLC-UV-ESI/MSn.
PubMed: Elicitor effects on Penicillium chrysogenum morphology in submerged cultures.
PubMed: Microgeographic genome size differentiation of the carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, at 'Evolution Canyon', Israel.
PubMed: Leaf nutrient variation in mature carob (Ceratonia siliqua) trees in response to irrigation and fertilization.
PubMed: Nitrogen use efficiency by a slow-growing species as affected by CO2 levels, root temperature, N source and availability.
PubMed: Lichens as biomonitors around a coal-fired power station in Israel.
PubMed: Antiproliferative effects of Ceratonia siliqua L. on mouse hepatocellular carcinoma cell line.
PubMed: Extraction and purification from Ceratonia siliqua of compounds acting on central and peripheral benzodiazepine receptors.
PubMed: Structure and development of stomata on the primary root of Ceratonia siliqua L.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of polyphenols in carob pods.
PubMed: Response to seasonal drought in three cultivars of Ceratonia siliqua: leaf growth and water relations.
PubMed: Effect of polyethylene glycol on rumen volume and retention time of liquid and particulate matter along the digestive tract in goats fed tannin-rich carob leaves (Ceratonia siliqua).
PubMed: Polyethylene glycol as a means for reducing the impact of condensed tannins in carob pulp: effects on lamb growth performance and meat quality.
PubMed: Apical pattern of fruit production in the racemes of Ceratonia siliqua (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae): role of pollinators.
PubMed: Enrichment of an Israeli ethnic food with fibres and their effects on the glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
PubMed: Hydrolytic properties of two cellulases of Trichoderma reesei expressed in yeast.
PubMed: Carob pod (Ceratonia siliqua) meal in geese diets.
PubMed: Direct observation of cell wall structure in living plant tissues by solid-state C NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed: Plants used for the treatment of diabetes in Israel.
PubMed: Attractancy toOryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), saw-toothed grain beetle, of extracts of carobs, some triglycerides, and related compounds.
PubMed: [Determination of beta-mannanase activity by viscosimetric and spectrophotometric methods].
PubMed: Nutritional evaluation of the germ meal and its protein isolate obtained from the carob seed (Ceratonia siliqua) in the rat.
PubMed: [The nutritional value of the exsiccated and toasted pulp of the pod of Ceratonia siliqua].
PubMed: [Galactomannan breakdown in germinating carob seeds (Ceratonia siliqua L.)].
PubMed: Studies in the Turkish Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) : IV. Acidic auxin-like and inhibitory substances in fruit morphogenesis.
PubMed: Inhibitors from Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.): II. Effect on Growth Induced by Indoleacetic Acid or Gibberellins A(1), A(4), A(5), and A(7).
PubMed: Inhibitors from carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) : III. Comparisons with abscisic acid.
PubMed: The occurrence of abscisic acid in inhibitors B1 and C from immature fruit of Ceratonia siliqua L. (carob) and in commercial carob syrup.
PubMed: Inhibitors from Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) I. Nature of the Interaction With Gibberellic Acid on Shoot Growth.
PubMed: [Carob, ceratonia siliqua, a new dietetic. II. Antidiarrheal properties of carob meal and clinical use of carob bean meal for inspissation].
PubMed: [Locust bean, ceratonia siliqua, a new dietetic remedy; antidiarrheal properties of carob meal and clinical use of carob bean meal for inspissation].
PubMed: [Therapeutic effect of medicinal diet based on Ceratonia siliqua].
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