para-tolualdehyde
 
Notes:
Component of *FEMA 3068* together with the o- and m-isomers. Flavouring ingredient. Methylbenzaldehydes are present in roasted nuts, cooked beef, cider, tomato, coffee, tea and elderberry juice
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
4-methylbenzaldehyde (Click)
CAS Number: 104-87-0Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 203-246-9
FDA UNII:GAX22QZ28Q
Nikkaji Web: J5.036I
Beilstein Number: 0385772
MDL: MFCD00006954
FEMA Number: 3068
CoE Number: 115
XlogP3: 2.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 120.15096000
Formula: C8 H8 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Flavis Number: 05.029 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 05.029  p-tolualdehyde
FEMA Number: 3068  p-tolualdehyde
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 1.01200 to 1.01800 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.421 to  8.471
Refractive Index: 1.54200 to 1.54800 @  20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: -2.00 to +1.00
Melting Point: -6.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 204.00 to  205.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.263000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 4.2 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 176.00 °F. TCC ( 80.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.100 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light. store under nitrogen.
Storage: store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 2270 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
Similar Items: note
meta-tolualdehyde
ortho-tolualdehyde
tolualdehydes (mixed o/m/p)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 5.00 % solution or less
Odor Description:
at 5.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
fruity cherry deep phenolic
Substantivity: 120 Hour(s)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
  R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rat LD50  1600 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533443

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  800 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533443

oral-mouse LD50  3200 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533443

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  400 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533443

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rat LD50 2500 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533443

Inhalation Toxicity:
  inhalation-rat LC > 2200 mg/m3
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533443

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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for para-tolualdehyde usage levels up to:
  0.8000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 160.00 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 9100 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 15.0300017.74000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): --
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): --
Processed fruit (04.1): --
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 56.26000111.20000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): --
Bakery wares (07.0): 25.8200033.56000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): --
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): --
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): --
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): --
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 9.9100013.29000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 6.2300012.70000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): --
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 4 (FGE.20Rev4): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 104-87-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7725
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany:1
 4-methylbenzaldehyde
Chemidplus: 0000104870
RTECS: CU7034500 for cas# 104-87-0
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 4-methylbenzaldehyde
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 104-87-0
Pubchem (cid): 7725
Pubchem (sid): 134970670
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06758
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB29638
FooDB: FDB000808
Export Tariff Code: 2912.29.3000
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: technical; pure.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 octyl hexanoateFL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobutyl benzoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 styrax resinoid (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 terpinyl butyrateFL/FR
camphoreous
 butyrophenoneFL/FR
caramellic
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
citrus
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl methyl etherFL/FR
coumarinic
 phthalideFL/FR
 tonka furanoneFL/FR
creamy
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
ethereal
 cyclohexyl formateFL/FR
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl formateFL/FR
floral
para-anisyl nitrileFR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 decyl formateFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranyl propionateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 rhodinyl formateFL/FR
 rhodinyl isovalerateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
para-tolualdehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
fruity
 allyl 2-ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl benzoateFR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
 almond fragranceFR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
 almond specialtyFR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 benzaldehydeFL/FR
 benzaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 benzaldehyde glycrol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 bread thiopheneFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry oxyacetateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cherry propanolFL/FR
 cyclohexyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
4-ethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl valerateFL/FR
 heptyl butyrateFL/FR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 linalyl isobutyrateFL/FR
3-methyl-2-butenalFL/FR
 octyl heptanoateFL/FR
 propyl acetateFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
meta-tolualdehydeFL/FR
 tolualdehyde glyceryl acetalFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
isoamyl formateFL/FR
(Z)-2-penten-1-olFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
laevo-perillaldehydeFL/FR
minty
 ethyl benzoateFL/FR
 methyl 5-methyl salicylateFR
naphthyl
2,4-dimethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl-5-methyl furanFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
phenolic
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
spicy
 allspice berry oilFL/FR
 benzyl isoeugenolFL/FR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
4-ethyl guaiacolFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
isoeugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl eugenolFL/FR
alpha-methyl-(E)-cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
(E)-propyl 2-furan acrylateFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 heliotropyl alcoholFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
waxy
 ethyl nonanoateFL/FR
woody
2-methoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl 2-ethyl butyrateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 butyrophenoneFL/FR
 cyclohexyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-phenyl-3-furoateFL
4-ethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
5-ethyl-2-thiophene carboxaldehydeFL
 heliotropyl alcoholFL/FR
(E)-para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl furfuracrylateFL
4-methyl salicylaldehydeFL
 octyl heptanoateFL/FR
 octyl hexanoateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 terpinyl butyrateFL/FR
meta-tolualdehydeFL/FR
 tolualdehyde glyceryl acetalFL/FR
para-tolualdehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 tonka furanoneFL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
aromatic
 benzyl isoeugenolFL/FR
laevo-perillaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 styrax resinoid (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
caramellic
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
cherry
 heliotropinFL/FR
para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
citrus
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
coumarinic
 phthalideFL/FR
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 propyl acetateFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl formateFL/FR
floral
 cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 linalyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
 benzaldehydeFL/FR
 benzaldehyde glycrol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 bread thiopheneFL/FR
isobutyl benzoateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry oxyacetateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cherry propanolFL/FR
 cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl valerateFL/FR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-methyl-2-butenalFL/FR
(E)-propyl 2-furan acrylateFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 rhodinyl formateFL/FR
 rhodinyl isovalerateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
green
isoamyl formateFL/FR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cyclohexyl formateFL/FR
(Z)-2-penten-1-olFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
honey
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
medicinal
 ethyl benzoateFL/FR
naphthyl
2,4-dimethyl benzaldehydeFL/FR
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl-5-methyl furanFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
powdery
 powdery ketoneFL
smoky
2-methoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
spicy
 allspice berry oilFL/FR
 allspice flavorFL
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
isoeugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl eugenolFL/FR
alpha-methyl-(E)-cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
cinnamon tea flavorFL
tropical
 heptyl butyrateFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl nonanoateFL/FR
 geranyl propionateFL/FR
woody
4-ethyl guaiacolFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl methyl etherFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 aldehydicFR
 almondFR
 almond bitterFL/FR
 almond blossom 
 berry jamFR
 blackberryFR
 bouquetFR
 cherryFR
 cherry blackFR
 cherry blossomFR
 cherry brandyFL
 cherry maraschinoFL
 cherry wildFL
 chocolate cocoa 
 crabapple blossomFR
 cranberryFR
 currant redFR
 frangipanni plumeriaFR
 fruitFR
 fruit jam 
 fruit juicy fruit 
 fruit punch 
 fruit tropical fruit 
 hawthornFR
 hay new mown hay foin coupeFR
 heliotropeFR
 hibiscusFR
 licorice red licorice 
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 marigold tageteFL/FR
 mimosaFR
 mulberryFR
 papayaFR
 passion fruitFR
 pepper 
 plumFR
 plum blossom 
 plum brandy 
 powderFR
 rose wild rose 
 sweet peaFR
 tropicalFL
 valerianFL/FR
 vanillaFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee
Search  Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ficus condensa
Search Trop  Picture
 ficus deltoidea
Search Trop  Picture
 honey - up to 0.004 mg/kg
Search  Picture
 tea - up to 0.3 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 benzaldehyde, 4-methyl-
p-cresyl aldehyde
para-cresyl aldehyde
p-formyl toluene
para-formyl toluene
p-formyltoluene
para-formyltoluene
4-methyl benzaldehyde
p-methyl benzaldehyde
para-methyl benzaldehyde
4-methylbenzaldehyde
p-methylbenzaldehyde
para-methylbenzaldehyde
p-methylbenzaldehyde R
4-tolualdehyde
p-tolualdehyde
p-toluyl aldehyde
para-toluyl aldehyde
4-toluylaldehyde
p-toluylaldehyde
p-tolyl aldehyde
para-tolyl aldehyde
para-tolyl aldehyde extra
 tolyl aldehyde para
p-tolylaldehyde
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
US Patents: 8,188,023 - 4-alkyl cyclohexanepropanal compounds and their use in perfume compositions
PubMed: Anti-allergic inflammatory activities of compounds of amomi fructus.
PubMed: Optical, vibrational, NBO, first-order molecular hyperpolarizability and Hirshfeld surface analysis of a nonlinear optical chalcone.
PubMed: Evaluation of benzaldehyde derivatives from Morinda officinalis as anti-mite agents with dual function as acaricide and mite indicator.
PubMed: A determinant of odorant specificity is located at the extracellular loop 2-transmembrane domain 4 interface of an Anopheles gambiae odorant receptor subunit.
PubMed: Experimental and DFT studies on the vibrational and electronic spectra of 9-p-tolyl-9H-carbazole-3-carbaldehyde.
PubMed: Chiral sulfoxides in the enantioselective allylation of aldehydes with allyltrichlorosilane: a kinetic study.
PubMed: Synthesis of aryl group-modified DIOP dioxides (Ar-DIOPOs) and their application as modular Lewis base catalysts.
PubMed: Identification and synthesis of by-products found in 4-methylthioamphetamine (4-MTA) produced by the Leuckart method.
PubMed: Photoprotecting action and phytochemical analysis of a multiple radical scavenger lipophilic fraction obtained from the leaf of the seagrass Thalassia testudinum.
PubMed: Synthesis and antiviral evaluation of new N-acylhydrazones containing glycine residue.
PubMed: Probing the catalytic potential of chloro nitrosyl rhenium(I) complexes.
PubMed: Picolylamine as an organocatalyst template for highly diastereo- and enantioselective aqueous aldol reactions.
PubMed: Mono(NCN-pincer palladium)-metalloporphyrin catalysts: evidence for supramolecular bimetallic catalysis.
PubMed: Simultaneous production of p-tolualdehyde and hydrogen peroxide in photocatalytic oxygenation of p-xylene and reduction of oxygen with 9-mesityl-10-methylacridinium ion derivatives.
PubMed: 4-Formyl-3-p-tolyl-sydnone.
PubMed: Possible anti-oxidant and neuroprotective mechanisms of zolpidem in attenuating typical anti-psychotic-induced orofacial dyskinesia: a biochemical and neurochemical study.
PubMed: A new synthesis of 2-sulfanyl allylic alcohols and alpha-sulfanyl ketones from carbonyl compounds and 1-chloroalkyl p-tolyl sulfoxides with carbon-carbon bond-formation.
PubMed: Photochemistry of 2-alkoxymethyl-5-methylphenacyl chloride and benzoate.
PubMed: Phenols and lignans from Chenopodium album.
PubMed: Rh(I)-catalyzed cyclization of 1-arylprop-2-yn-1-ol derivatives utilizing rhodium 1,4-migration.
PubMed: A general method for the preparation of N-sulfonyl aldimines and ketimines.
PubMed: Development of new synthetic methods with aryl 1-chlorovinyl sulfoxides.
PubMed: Reaction of magnesium alkylidene carbenoids with lithium alpha-sulfonyl carbanions: a novel synthesis of tri- and tetra-substituted allenes from 1-chlorovinyl p-tolyl sulfoxides and sulfones.
PubMed: [A study on chemical constituents in the herb of Mentha spicata].
PubMed: More potent inhibition of human CYP2A6 than mouse CYP2A5 enzyme activities by derivatives of phenylethylamine and benzaldehyde.
PubMed: Direct observation of aldehyde insertion into rhodium-aryl and -alkoxide complexes.
PubMed: A new and efficient method for the selective olefination of aldehydes with ethyl diazoacetate catalyzed by an iron(II) porphyrin complex.
PubMed: Alcohol and Aldehyde Adducts of Zinc Thiolates: Structural Modeling of Alcoholdehydrogenase.
PubMed: Total synthesis of (-)-incrustoporin.
PubMed: Extremely Efficient Chiral Induction in Conjugate Additions of p-Tolyl alpha-Lithio-beta-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl Sulfoxide and Subsequent Electrophilic Trapping Reactions.
PubMed: Total Synthesis of (-)-Maytansinol.
PubMed: Oxidation of tolualdehydes to toluic acids catalyzed by cytochrome P450-dependent aldehyde oxygenase in the mouse liver.
PubMed: Identification of vertebrate volatiles stimulating olfactory receptors on tarsus I of the tick Amblyomma variegatum Fabricius (Ixodidae). I. Receptors within the Haller's organ capsule.
PubMed: Beclobrinic acid--a new hypolipidemic agent--inhibits in vitro human platelet activation by blocking prostaglandin synthesis.
PubMed: Interaction of 4-methylbenzaldehyde with rabbit pulmonary cytochrome P-450 in the intact animal, microsomes, and purified systems. Destructive and protective reactions.
PubMed: Thermal oxidative degradation studies of phosphate esters.
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