Typical G.C. analysis

angelica archangelica root oil
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil poland
In 1993, Kalemba et al. compared the composition of oils obtained from Artemisia absinthum (absinthe) grown in Poland, using GC and GC/MS as their method of analysis. Oils produced from plants harvested at the pre-flowering stage, in full bloom and after flowering were found to possess quantitative differences in their compositions as shown in Table XI. In addition, the authors found that the oil was strongly toxic to Rhizopertha dominca (lesser grain boror), mildly toxic to Tribolium confusum (darkling grain beetle) and Sitophilus granarius (grain weevil). Also, it was repellent to S. granarius. Only the full-flowering analysis will be shown here.
210.74alpha- bisabolol
10.95  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
112.74beta- caryophyllene
136.95  chrysanthenyl acetate
612.661,8- cineole
70.77para- cymene
166.31 dihydrocarvyl acetate + alpha-terpineol
18trace  geranyl acetate
120.91  linalool
20trace  nerol
170.56  neryl acetate
190.52  neryl propionate
80.12beta- phellandrene
23.23alpha- pinene
30.39beta- pinene
45.67 sabinene + myrcene
1520.13  sabinyl acetate
141.73  terpinen-4-ol
98.03alpha- thujone
1016.91beta- thujone

D. Kalemba, J. Gora, A. Kurowska, T. Majda and Z. Mielnizuk, Analysis of essential oils in respects of their influence to insects. Zeszyty Nauk. Politechnik. Lodz., No. 589, 5-14 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

hyssopus officinalis oil
140.3(E)- anethole
171.2beta- bourbonene
181.4beta- caryophyllene
40.1para- cymene
70.4  dihydroverbenone
190.1alpha- humulene
60.6  linalool
160.5  methyl eugenol
3trace  myrcene
131.3  myrtenol
50.2beta- phellandrene
1tracealpha- pinene
20.2beta- pinene
1018.1  pinocamphone
917.4iso pinocamphone
80.6  pinocarveol
150.3  sabinyl acetate
110.4  terpinen-4-ol
120.2alpha- terpineol

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, étude des propriétés bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles préamblement analysées. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
lime oil distilled mexico
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

peumus boldus leaf oil
3321.25  ascaridole
50.21  camphene
230.01  camphor
80.14delta-3- carene
370.04trans- carvyl acetate
90.511,4- cineole
1321.101,8- cineole
310.10  cuminaldehyde
118.63para- cymene
40.01alpha- fenchene
14trace  fenchone
300.04alpha- fenchyl acetate
190.22alpha- fenchyl alcohol
320.10  geraniol
418.80  guaiazulene
10.032- heptanone
400.17  ledol
120.04  limonene
390.75  methyl eugenol
70.01  myrcene
280.20  myrtenol
290.04  nerol
17trace2- nonanol
150.042- nonanone
30.01alpha- pinene
210.66trans- pinocarveol
270.40  sabinaketone
60.01  sabinene
362.36  sabinyl acetate
250.75  terpinen-4-ol
160.02  terpinen-4-yl acetate
100.02alpha- terpinene
260.14alpha- terpineol
240.07beta- terpineol
20.03alpha- thujene
1814.30alpha- thujone
207.15beta- thujone
350.03  thymol
380.01  thymyl acetate
229.90(Z)- verbenol
340.08cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil egypt
360.36allo- aromadendrene
211.69  borneol
257.59  bornyl acetate
400.61delta- cadinene
380.36gamma- cadinene
390.13(Z)- calamenene
21.63  camphene
1511.29  camphor
260.35  carvacrol
221.67  carvone
332.75beta- caryophyllene
411.31  caryophyllene oxide
310.14alpha- copaene
71.77para- cymene
100.052,5- dimethyl styrene
340.05beta- gurjunene
350.83alpha- humulene
87.08  limonene
126.60  linalool
320.33  methyl eugenol
370.17alpha- muurolene
420.08T- muurolol
40.48  myrcene
242.32(E)- myrtanol
231.19(Z)- myrtanol
50.46alpha- phellandrene
171.22(Z)-3- pinanone
12.46alpha- pinene
31.20beta- pinene
162.25trans- pinocarveol
280.27  piperitenone
140.03(Z)- sabinene hydrate
270.11  sabinyl acetate
182.88  terpinen-4-ol
110.89  terpinen-4-yl acetate
60.27alpha- terpinene
90.26gamma- terpinene
194.92alpha- terpineol
300.36alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.93beta- thujone
2012.33  verbenone

F. M. Soliman, E. A. El-Kashoury, M. M. Fathy and M. H. Gonaid, Analysis and biological activity of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L from Egypt. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 29-33 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

sage oil giza egypt
Comparative percentage composition of Salvia offlcinalis oil produced from plants grown in two areas of Egypt, Giza oil
 0.10  tricyclene
 0.17alpha- thujene
 3.81alpha- pinene
 3.70beta- pinene
 3.82  camphene
 3.85  sabinene
 3.38  myrcene
 0.85ortho- cymene
 0.76para- cymene
 9.381,8- cineole
 0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.10gamma- terpinene
 1.02  linalool
 0.68  terpinolene
 17.72alpha- thujone
 2.03beta- thujone
 0.05(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 13.29  camphor
 0.10(Z)-beta- terpineol
 0.68iso menthone
 0.43iso pinocamphone
 2.37  borneol
 1.10alpha- terpineol
 1.44  carvone
 0.08  bornyl acetate
 2.20iso bornyl acetate
 0.68  sabinene hydrate acetate
 0.68  thymol
 1.70beta- caryophyllene
 1.10 aromadendr-9-ene
 3.05alpha- humulene
 0.10allo aromadendr-9-ene
 1.44  germacrene B
 0.04gamma- cadinene
 0.60delta- cadinene
 0.85  spathulenol
 0.60  caryophyllene oxide
 3.30  globulol
 0.85 bergamotol acetate
F. M. Soliman, M. A. El-Sohly, M. M. Fathy and F. S. El-Salhawy, A comparitive study of the essential oils from Mentha and Salvia species grown in Egypt. Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci., 38, 553-564 (1997).
salvia officinalis oil spain
242.10  borneol
251.40  bornyl acetate
66.20  camphene
2116.80  camphor
313.30beta- caryophyllene
1411.101,8- cineole
112.00para- cymene
305.00alpha- humulene
123.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
230.50  linalyl acetate
91.10  myrcene
150.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
100.10alpha- phellandrene
130.90beta- phellandrene
54.80alpha- pinene
82.30beta- pinene
70.20  sabinene
180.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
290.30  sabinyl acetate
20.10(E)- salvene
10.40(Z)- salvene
260.30  terpinen-4-ol
160.30gamma- terpinene
270.50alpha- terpineol
170.20  terpinolene
280.20alpha- terpinyl acetate
40.30alpha- thujene
1926.50alpha- thujone
204.30beta- thujone
30.20  tricyclene

M, de los Angelos Cordoba Rodriguez, Contribucion al estudio del aceite esencial de Salvia Espanola (Salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.). Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Complutense, Madrid (1983).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

valeriana officinalis rhizome oil CO2 extract china
10.37  acetic acid
170.01  benzoic acid
410.72(E)-alpha- bergamotol
180.47  borneol
2336.07  bornyl acetate
360.24delta- cadinene
100.02iso camphane
52.81  camphene
110.03delta-3- carene
250.02trans-carvone oxide
240.14cis- carvone oxide
310.65beta- caryophyllene
130.021,8- cineole
210.19  cumic acid
80.02para- cymene
290.07beta- elemene
270.08delta- elemene
370.53  elemol
120.013- ethyl-2,5-dimethyl-1,3-hexadiene
442.45  eugenyl acetate
350.66 germacrene
402.24  globulol
340.23  guaiene
320.21beta- gurjunene
330.31alpha- humulene
90.26  limonene
150.02  linalool
220.12  methyl chavocol
200.02  myrtenol
4326.56  nootkatone
40.60alpha- pinene
70.59beta- pinene
60.03  sabinene
160.01  sabinene hydrate
263.03  sabinyl acetate
380.73 sabinyl valerate
391.84  spathulenol
190.13  terpinen-4-ol
140.02  terpinolene
280.62alpha- terpinyl acetate
300.42 thymohydroquinone dimethyl ether
30.03  tricyclene
20.21iso valeric acid

J-J. Xian, G. Yuan, Y-X. Zhang, J-M. Yuan and X-W. Luo, The chemical constituents of the essential oil from the roots of Valeriana officinalis. Yunnan Zhiwu Yanjiu, 17, 479-481 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

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