2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine
 
Notes:
potent bell pepper odourant; binds to cow olfactory mucosa homogenate.
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      News
      Product(s):
      10001 2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
       
  • DeLong Chemicals America
    • DeLong Chemicals America
      Custom Manufacturing
      Supplier of aroma chemicals, pharmaceutical and specialty chemical intermediates.
      DeLong Chemicals America, LLC is an extension of Shijiazhuang Lida Chemical Co, Ltd to North America, a leading supplier and manufacturer of aroma chemicals, serving the industries of food, tobacco and perfume, while also providing intermediates, custom synthesis and custom manufacturing for pharmaceutical and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (203) 271-9017
      New products
      Product(s):
      9870 2-Isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      2-methoxy 3-isobutyl pyrazine
       
  • Frutarom
    • Frutarom Ltd
      Discover Our Passion
      Your preferred partner for flavour and fragrance success.
      At Frutarom, we take pride in our expertise and knowledge of Flavour & Fragrance Ingredients and our thorough understanding of the needs of Flavourists, Perfumers and Food Technologists. Working closely with our customers we have a strong track record of providing unique solutions to fulfil requirements.
      US Email: Info- USA
      Email: Info - UK
      Voice: +44 (0) 1429 863 222
      US Voice: +1 513 870 4900
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      I0930-0 2-ISOBUTYL-3(5/6)-METHOXYPYRAZINE ≥99.00% (sum of isomers), NI, Kosher
      Suggested Uses: Coffee, Galbanum, Vegetables
       
       
  • Hermitage Oils
    • Hermitage Oils
      Perfumery and Aromatherapy materials since 1979
      Hermitage Oils, the true home of essential oils!
      Hermitage Oils offers a selection of Absolutes, Essential Oils, Natural Isolates, Aroma Chemicals, CO2 Extracts, Ethanol Tinctures, and Extraits by Enfleurage.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Facebook
      The Vault
      Product(s):
      Galbanum Pyrazine
      As with all pyrazines this is used in tiny traces – galbanum pyrazine at 0.1% in DPG is deceptively nutty, but further dilution will reveal the strong green aspects of bell peppers, peas and galbanum. This material is present in the scent of coffee as well as parsnip, green beans and spinach as well as peppers, so it’s surprisingly versatile. Even at this dilution this is a very strong that can enhance or contribute green notes give great diffusion and a very natural effect
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      2-Methoxy-3-isobutyl pyrazine
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      PYRAZINE 2-METHOXY-3(6)-ISOBUTYL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      H0026 2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYL PYRAZINE, Kosher
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      100832 2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYL PYRAZINE
      1000057 2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYL PYRAZINE 1% DPG
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Blog
      Product(s):
      Galbanum Pyrazine
      As with all pyrazines this is used in tiny traces – Galbanum Pyrazine at 0.1% in DPG is is deceptively nutty, but further dilution will reveal the strong green aspects of bell peppers, peas and galbanum. This material is present in the scent of coffee as well as parsnip, green beans and spinach as well as peppers, so it’s surprisingly versatile. Even at this dilution this is a very strong material that can enhance or contribute to green notes, give great diffusion and a very natural effect.
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      13-22400 2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYLPYRAZINE, Kosher
       
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      Product(s):
      Pyrazine, 2-Methoxy-3-Isobutyl
       
  • Pyrazine Specialties
  • Robinson Brothers
    • Robinson Brothers Limited
      Providing Excellence in Chemistry
      Award-winning UK chemical manufacturer of chemical intermediates and high-impact aroma chemicals.
      Based in the UK, Robinson Brothers is an award-winning chemical manufacturer of chemical intermediates and high-impact aroma chemicals. Robinson Brothers serve many industry sectors across the globe, include: flavour/fragrance, pharmaceutical, agrochemical and material sciences. Our team of Chemists are experts in custom synthesis, contract manufacture and process optimisation.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0)121 553 2451
      Fax: +44 (0)121 500 5183
      Linkedin
      News
      http://www.robinsonbrothers.co.uk/pages/chemistry-competencies
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      PZ0250 2-isoButyl-3-methoxypyrazine F&F
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W313203 2-Isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine, ≥99%, FG
      SDS
       
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      Sales0512-57995626
      Sales0512-57570299
      News
      Product(s):
      H0026 2-Methoxy-3-isobutyl Pyrazine
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      2-Isobutyl-3(5/6)-Methoxypyrazine
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      2-IsoButyl-3-methoxypyrazine Halal, Kosher

      Used at very low levels in green vegetable flavours: 0.0005-0.05ppm, and in galbanum substitutes.
       
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas
2-methoxy-3-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine (Click)
CAS Number: 24683-00-9Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 246-402-1
FDA UNII: S327O0T12O
Nikkaji Web: J126.472I
MDL: MFCD00006128
CoE Number: 11338
XlogP3: 2.60 (est)
Molecular Weight: 166.22378000
Formula: C9 H14 N2 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 792  2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
Flavis Number: 14.043 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 14.043  2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
FEMA Number: 3132  2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
FDA Mainterm: 2-ISOBUTYL-3-METHOXYPYRAZINE
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.99250 to 1.00250 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.259 to  8.342
Refractive Index: 1.48900 to 1.49700 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 214.00 to  215.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.273000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 5.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 176.00 °F. TCC ( 80.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.547 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 229.6 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Stability:
 stable in most media
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: green
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
 pea green pea  pepper bell pepper  green  galbanum  
Odor Description:
at 0.10 % in dipropylene glycol. 
green pea green bell pepper green pea galbanum
 green  pepper bell pepper  pea green pea  galbanum  
Taste Description:
green bell pepper green pea galbanum
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
2 METHOXY 3 ISO BUTYL PYRAZINE
Anhui Haibei
2-isoButyl-3-methoxy Pyrazine
Anhui Haibei
2-isobutyl-3(5/6) methoxy pyrazine
Odor: Green bell pepper green pea galbanum
Apiscent Labs
2 METHOXY 3 ISOBUTYLPYRAZINE (2-Isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine)
Odor: Coffee, green pepper
Beijing Lys Chemicals
2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
Citrus and Allied Essences
2-isoButyl-3-Methoxy Pyrazine
Market Report
DeLong Chemicals America
2-Isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine
Diffusions Aromatiques
2-isoBUTYL-3-METHOXYPYRAZINE
Ernesto Ventós
2-isoBUTYL-3-METHOXYPYRAZINE
Odor: PEPPER,GREEN,PEA,EARTH,PUNGENT
Fleurchem
2-methoxy 3-isobutyl pyrazine
Frutarom
2-ISOBUTYL-3(5/6)-METHOXYPYRAZINE
≥99.00% (sum of isomers), NI, Kosher
Odor: Earthy, Galbanum, Green, Green Pea, Pepper.
Use: Suggested Uses: Coffee, Galbanum, Vegetables
Hermitage Oils
Galbanum Pyrazine
Odor: characteristic
Use: As with all pyrazines this is used in tiny traces ľ galbanum pyrazine at 0.1% in DPG is deceptively nutty, but further dilution will reveal the strong green aspects of bell peppers, peas and galbanum. This material is present in the scent of coffee as well as parsnip, green beans and spinach as well as peppers, so it’s surprisingly versatile. Even at this dilution this is a very strong that can enhance or contribute green notes give great diffusion and a very natural effect
The Vault
Indukern F&F
2-METHOXY-3(6)-ISOBUTYL PYRAZINE
Odor: GREEN PAPRIKA, EARTHY, GALBANUM
CROP CALENDAR
Jiangyin Healthway
2-Methoxy-3-isobutyl pyrazine
New functional food ingredients
Jinan Enlighten Chemical Technology(Wutong Aroma )
2-Methoxy-3-isobutyl pyrazine, Kosherk
Lluch Essence
PYRAZINE 2-METHOXY-3(6)-ISOBUTYL
M&U International
2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYL PYRAZINE, Kosher
Moellhausen
2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYL PYRAZINE 1% DPG
Moellhausen
2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYL PYRAZINE
Odor: green, pepper
Flavor: strong green note
Pearlchem Corporation
2-Methoxy-3-isobutyl Pyrazine
Pell Wall Perfumes
Galbanum Pyrazine
Odor: bell-pepper, peas, galbanum, natural, nutty, roasted
Use: As with all pyrazines this is used in tiny traces ľ Galbanum Pyrazine at 0.1% in DPG is is deceptively nutty, but further dilution will reveal the strong green aspects of bell peppers, peas and galbanum. This material is present in the scent of coffee as well as parsnip, green beans and spinach as well as peppers, so it’s surprisingly versatile. Even at this dilution this is a very strong material that can enhance or contribute to green notes, give great diffusion and a very natural effect.
Penta International
2-METHOXY-3-ISOBUTYLPYRAZINE, Kosher
Perfumery Laboratory
Galbanum pyrazin 0.1% in DPG Ventós (GALBANUM PYRAZINE Ventós)
Odor: Bright, fresh, natural, sweet aroma of juicy fruits bell peppers with light notes of galbanum
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Pyrazine, 2-Methoxy-3-Isobutyl
Pyrazine Specialties
2-Methoxy-3-Isobutylpyrazine
also named commonly as 2-Isobutyl-3-Methoxypyrazine
Reincke & Fichtner
2-isoButyl-3-methoxypyrazine
Robinson Brothers
2-isoButyl-3-methoxypyrazine F&F
http://www.robinsonbrothers.co.uk/pages/chemistry-competencies
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
2-isoButyl-3-methoxypyrazine ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine, ≥99%, FG
Odor: green; vegetable; pepper
Certified Food Grade Products
Sunaux International
2-Methoxy-3-isobutyl Pyrazine
Taytonn
2-Isobutyl-3(5/6)-Methoxypyrazine
Odor: Earthy, Galbanum, Green, Peppery
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
2-isoButyl-3-methoxypyrazine >97.0%(GC)(T)
Tengzhou Jitian Aroma Chemiclal
2-Methoxy -3 - isobutyl pyrazine
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
2-Methoxy-3-Isobutyl Pyrazine
Treatt
2-IsoButyl-3-methoxypyrazine
Halal, Kosher
Odor: Green pea, green bell-pepper-like
Flavor: Green pea, green bell-pepper-like
Used at very low levels in green vegetable flavours: 0.0005-0.05ppm, and in galbanum substitutes.
Vigon International
isoButyl-2 Methoxy-3 Pyrazine
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
gavage-mouse LD50  2000 mg/kg
(Quest International, 1983a)

gavage-rat LD50  > 4000 mg/kg
(Roure Inc., 1974)

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for 2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine usage levels up to:
  0.1000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1.60 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 1.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: II
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 4
Click here to view publication 4
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -0.05000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.05000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: -0.05000
cheese: --
chewing gum: -0.05000
condiments / relishes: -0.05000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.05000
fruit ices: -0.05000
gelatins / puddings: -0.05000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: -0.05000
hard candy: -0.05000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -0.05000
milk products: -0.05000
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: -0.05000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of pyrazine derivatives used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 17 (FGE.17): Pyrazine derivatives from chemical group 24 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 50 (FGE.50): Consideration of pyrazine derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to pyrazine derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.17 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 17, Revision 1 (FGE.17Rev1): Pyrazine derivatives from chemical group 24 - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) [1]
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 17, Revision 2 (FGE.17Rev2): Pyrazine derivatives from chemical group 24
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 50, Revision 1 (FGE.50Rev1): Consideration of pyrazine derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to pyrazine derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.17Rev2 (2010)
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of pyrazine derivatives including saturated ones belonging to chemical group 24 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 24683-00-9
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 32594
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 2-methoxy-3-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine
Chemidplus: 0024683009
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 2-methoxy-3-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 24683-00-9
Pubchem (cid): 32594
Pubchem (sid): 134994257
Flavornet: 24683-00-9
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31860
FooDB: FDB008544
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01586
Export Tariff Code: 2933.99.9701
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
amber
 ambroxanFL/FR
animal
 animal carbolactoneFR
 costus valerolactoneFR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
anisic
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clover nitrileFR
 cotinus coggygria branch/leaf oilFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
caramellic
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
citrus
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 grapefruit pentanolFR
(E)-2-tetradecenalFL/FR
earthy
 bean pyrazineFL/FR
2-ethyl-3-methoxypyrazineFL/FR
floral
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 heliotropyl diethyl acetalFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-furoateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hyacinth etherFR
 leerallFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 muguet carboxaldehydeFR
 muguet octadienolFR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
 reseda acetalFR
 violet methyl carbonateFR
fresh
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
fruity
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isovalerateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionateFR
 fleuramone (IFF)FR
 green acetateFR
 propyl 2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
 rhubarb undecaneFR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
S-sec-butyl thioisovalerateFL/FR
2-sec-butyl-3-methoxypyrazineFL/FR
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 galbanum decatrieneFL/FR
 galbanum oil terpenelessFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum oxyacetateFR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
 galbascone (IFF)FR
2-heptyl tetrahydrofuranFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 leafy oximeFR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
 narcissus flower absoluteFR
(E,Z)-3,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 pineapple heptadienone 10%FR
isopropyl 3-methyl thiocrotonateFL/FR
isopropyl thioisovalerateFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 violet dienyneFR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
honey
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
marine
green algae absoluteFL/FR
melon
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 watermelon ketoneFR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 veramoss (IFF)FR
nutty
 shoyu pyrazineFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 cumin seed oilFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
 levisticum officinale root oilFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
terpenic
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
thujonic
 thuja occidentalis leaf oilFL/FR
tonka
 flouve absoluteFR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
tropical
 ethyl (Z)-3-hexenoateFL/FR
cis-galbanum oxathianeFL/FR
2-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
waxy
 decyl acetateFL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
1-undecanolFL/FR
woody
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 santallFR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 tobacarol (IFF)FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 woody acetateFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 woody propanolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
green algae absoluteFL/FR
 bean pyrazineFL/FR
S-sec-butyl thioisovalerateFL/FR
2-sec-butyl-3-methoxypyrazineFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 cotinus coggygria branch/leaf oilFL/FR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 ethyl (Z)-3-hexenoateFL/FR
2-ethyl-3-methoxypyrazineFL/FR
 green pea pyrazineFL
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
2-methoxy-3-propyl pyrazineFL
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
isopropyl 3-methyl thiocrotonateFL/FR
isopropyl thioisovalerateFL/FR
 thuja occidentalis leaf oilFL/FR
2-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
aldehydic
1-undecanolFL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
caramellic
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
cinnamon
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
citrus
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
creamy
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
fatty
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isovalerateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
green
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 galbanum decatrieneFL/FR
 galbanum oil terpenelessFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
cis-galbanum oxathianeFL/FR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-furoateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
melon
 propyl 2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
musty
 shoyu pyrazineFL/FR
orris
 costus root oilFL
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 cumin seed oilFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
 levisticum officinale root oilFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
waxy
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 decyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
(E)-2-tetradecenalFL/FR
woody
 ambroxanFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 agrumen 
 aldehydicFR
 amaryllis 
 amberFR
 animalFR
 appleFR
 apple crabapple 
 ash mountain ash 
 balsamFR
 bark 
 boxwood 
 boxwood blossom 
 boxwoodberry 
 cabochard 
 calamusFR
 celeryFL/FR
 chamomileFR
 champaca champakFR
 cherry wildFL
 chervil 
 cilantroFL/FR
 citrusFR
 clematisFR
 cloudberry bakeapple 
 cognacFR
 cortex 
 cypressFR
 daffodil narcissusFR
 earth humusFR
 eglantine sweet briarFR
 evergreenFR
 fagoniaFR
 fern fougereFR
 figFR
 fir 
 fir needle pine needleFL/FR
 fixer 
 foliage 
 forestFR
 forest pine forestFR
 fresh & cleanFR
 galbanumFL/FR
 gardeniaFR
 geraniumFR
 gingerFR
 grass sweetFR
 greenFR
 green grassFR
 green leafFR
 hops houblonFL/FR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 hydrangeaFR
 ivyFR
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 kewda 
 lavenderFR
 autumnFR
 lemonFR
 limeFR
 lotusFR
 metallic 
 mimosaFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 muskFR
 narcissus narcisseFR
 nettle 
 nutFL
 oakmoss mousse de chene mossFR
 ocean sea 
 opoponaxFL/FR
 orangeFR
 orange bitterFL/FR
 oreganoFL/FR
 palmarosaFL/FR
 pansyFR
 parsleyFL/FR
 patchouliFR
 pea green pea 
 pepper 
 pepper greenFL
 petitgrainFL/FR
 pineFR
 privet 
 privet blossom 
 rain springFR
 reseda mignonetteFR
 rhubarbFR
 rose geraniumFR
 sandalwoodFR
 seaweedFL/FR
 spruceFL/FR
 stem 
 strawberry leaf 
 tea greenFR
 tomatoFL
 tomato leafFR
 vegetable 
 verbenaFR
 vetiverFR
 vine 
 weedy 
 woodyFR
 wormwood absinthiumFL/FR
 yewFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 bean green bean
 capsicum
GRIN Trop Picture
 citrus nobilis lour. var. microcarpa hassk.
GRIN Trop Picture
 coffee
 galbanum oil
GRIN Trop Picture
 lettuce
 parsnip root
 pea green pea
 pepper bell pepper green pepper
 potato products
 spinach
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
isobutyl methoxypyrazine
2-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine
3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine
2-isobutyl-3-methoxy pyrazine
 galbanum pyrazine
2-methoxy 3 iso butyl pyrazine
2 methoxy 3 isobutylpyrazine (2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine)
2-methoxy 3-isobutyl pyrazine
3-methoxy-2-isobutylpyrazine
2-methoxy-3-(2-methyl propyl) pyrazine
2-methoxy-3-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine
2-methoxy-3-isobutyl pyrazine
2-methoxy-3-isobutyl pyrazine 1% DPG
2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine
2-methoxy-3(6)-isobutyl pyrazine
2-2-methyl propyl-3-methoxypyrazine
 pyrazine, 2-isobutyl-3-methoxy-
 pyrazine, 2-methoxy-3-(2-methylpropyl)-
 pyrazine, 2-methoxy-3-isobutyl
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Key aroma compounds in roasted in-shell peanuts.
PubMed: Comparison of the key aroma compounds in organically grown, raw West-African peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) and in ground, pan-roasted meal produced thereof.
PubMed: Growth behavior of off-flavor-forming microorganisms in apple juice.
PubMed: Odor thresholds of microbially induced off-flavor compounds in apple juice.
PubMed: Effect of cultivar and storage time on the volatile flavor components of baked potato.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma components of British Farmhouse Cheddar cheese.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction method development for headspace analysis of volatile flavor compounds.
PubMed: Electrochemical detection of the 2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine model odorant based on odorant-binding proteins: The proof of concept.
PubMed: Dynamics of odorant binding to thin aqueous films of rat-OBP3.
PubMed: Identification of a specific olfactory receptor for 2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine.
PubMed: Selectable one-dimensional or two-dimensional gas chromatography-olfactometry/mass spectrometry with preparative fraction collection for analysis of ultra-trace amounts of odor compounds.
PubMed: A systematic study on spatial and seasonal patterns of eight taste and odor compounds with relation to various biotic and abiotic parameters in Gonghu Bay of Lake Taihu, China.
PubMed: Following in their footprints: cuticular hydrocarbons as overwintering aggregation site markers in Hippodamia convergens.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of ten taste and odor compounds in drinking water by solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A methyltransferase essential for the methoxypyrazine-derived flavour of wine.
PubMed: The role of semiochemicals in short-range location of aggregation sites in Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae).
PubMed: Defensive allomones function as aggregation pheromones in diapausing Ladybird Beetles, Hippodamia convergens.
PubMed: Genetic analysis of the biosynthesis of 2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine, a major grape-derived aroma compound impacting wine quality.
PubMed: Detection and quantification of natural contaminants of wine by gas chromatography-differential ion mobility spectrometry (GC-DMS).
PubMed: Key aroma compounds in roasted in-shell peanuts.
PubMed: Behavior of 3-isobutyl-2-hydroxypyrazine (IBHP), a key intermediate in 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (IBMP) metabolism, in ripening wine grapes.
PubMed: Classification of grape berries according to diameter and total soluble solids to study the effect of light and temperature on methoxypyrazine, glutathione, and hydroxycinnamate evolution during ripening of Sauvignon blanc (Vitis vinifera L.).
PubMed: Fruit ripening in Vitis vinifera: light intensity before and not during ripening determines the concentration of 2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine in Cabernet Sauvignon berries.
PubMed: Occurrence of dissolved and particle-bound taste and odor compounds in Swiss lake waters.
PubMed: Accurate analysis of trace earthy-musty odorants in water by headspace solid phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: The effect of pyrazine odor on body weight and the weight of various organs in chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus).
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of eight common odors in natural water body using automatic purge and trap coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of two odorant-binding proteins from nasal tissue of rabbit and pig.
PubMed: Development of a mixed-mode solid phase extraction method and further gas chromatography mass spectrometry for the analysis of 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines in wine.
PubMed: 2-Methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine in grape berries and its dependence on genotype.
PubMed: Effect of enzyme activity and frozen storage on jalape├▒o pepper volatiles by selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations point out the effects of pressure on the stability and dynamics of the porcine odorant-binding protein.
PubMed: Long-timescale molecular-dynamics simulations of the major urinary protein provide atomistic interpretations of the unusual thermodynamics of ligand binding.
PubMed: Identification of alkyl-methoxypyrazines as the malodorous compounds in water supplies from Northwest Spain.
PubMed: Automated trace determination of earthy-musty odorous compounds in water samples by on-line purge-and-trap-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Why has porcine VEG protein unusually high stability and suppressed binding ability?
PubMed: Three odorant-binding proteins from rabbit nasal mucosa.
PubMed: Multiple types and forms of odorant-binding proteins in the Old-World porcupine Hystrix cristata.
PubMed: Ligand-binding properties and structural characterization of a novel rat odorant-binding protein variant.
PubMed: Odorant-binding proteins of the mouse.
PubMed: Purification and characterisation of an odorant-binding protein from cow nasal tissue.
PubMed: Survey of 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazine content of South African Sauvignon blanc wines using a novel LC-APCI-MS/MS method.
PubMed: Rapid measurement of 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazine content of winegrapes to predict levels in resultant wines.
PubMed: Volatile composition of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Structural basis of the broad specificity of a general odorant-binding protein from honeybee.
PubMed: Odor thresholds of microbially induced off-flavor compounds in apple juice.
PubMed: The molecular basis for wine grape quality--a volatile subject.
PubMed: Van der Waals interactions dominate ligand-protein association in a protein binding site occluded from solvent water.
PubMed: Removal of earthy-musty odorants in drinking water by powdered activated carbon.
PubMed: Effect of cultivar and storage time on the volatile flavor components of baked potato.
PubMed: The determination of six taste and odour compounds in water using Ambersorb 572 and high resolution mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Odorant and pheromone binding by aphrodisin, a hamster aphrodisiac protein.
PubMed: Complexes of porcine odorant binding protein with odorant molecules belonging to different chemical classes.
PubMed: Quantitative determination of 2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine in red wines and grapes of Bordeaux using a stable isotope dilution assay.
PubMed: Membrane receptor for odour-binding proteins.
PubMed: Odorant-sensitive adenylate cyclase: rapid, potent activation and desensitization in primary olfactory neuronal cultures.
PubMed: Activation by odorants of a multistate cation channel from olfactory cilia.
PubMed: The odorant-sensitive adenylate cyclase of olfactory receptor cells. Differential stimulation by distinct classes of odorants.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of an olfactory receptor protein for odorant pyrazines.
PubMed: A survey of seasonal temperatures and vineyard altitude influences on 2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine, C13-norisoprenoids, and the sensory profile of Brazilian Cabernet Sauvignon wines.
PubMed: Determination of characteristic odorants from Harmonia axyridis beetles using in vivo solid-phase microextraction and multidimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry.
PubMed: Evidence of chemical exchange in recombinant Major Urinary Protein and quenching thereof upon pheromone binding.
PubMed: Influence of vine training and sunlight exposure on the 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines content in musts and wines from the Vitis vinifera variety cabernet sauvignon.
PubMed: Thermodynamics of binding of 2-methoxy-3-isopropylpyrazine and 2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine to the major urinary protein.
PubMed: Absolute configuration of 2-sec-butyl-4,5-dihydrothiazole in male mouse urine.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma components of British Farmhouse Cheddar cheese.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction method development for headspace analysis of volatile flavor compounds.
PubMed: Similar increases in extracellular lactic acid in the limbic system during epileptic and/or olfactory stimulation.
PubMed: Conformational stability and binding properties of porcine odorant binding protein.
PubMed: Subtypes of odorant-binding proteins--heterologous expression and ligand binding.
PubMed: Lipocalins of boar salivary glands binding odours and pheromones.
PubMed: Isolation of two odorant-binding proteins from mouse nasal tissue.
PubMed: Ligand binding characteristics of homologous rat and mouse urinary proteins and pyrazine-binding protein of calf.
PubMed: Ultrastructural characteristics of sustentacular cells in control and odorant-treated olfactory mucosae of the salamander.
PubMed: Odorant stimulation of secretory and neural processes in the salamander olfactory mucosa.
PubMed: Immunocytochemical localization of pyrazine-binding protein in bovine nasal mucosa.
PubMed: Occurrence of a pyrazine binding protein in the nasal mucosa of some vertebrates.
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