Typical G.C. analysis

carum graveolens seed oil egypt
110.61  anethole
180.12alpha- bisabolene
190.123- butyl hexahydrophthalide
200.38  butyl phthalide
100.40  carvone
131.54beta- caryophyllene
150.18beta- farnesene
140.13alpha- humulene
458.53  limonene
60.10  linalool
90.48para- methoxyacetophenone
33.12  myrcene
73.27 pentyl cyclohexadiene
50.10alpha- phellandrene
10.14alpha- pinene
21.29beta- pinene
2117.28  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
171.37alpha- selinene
168.10beta- selinene
80.28alpha- terpineol
120.15  umbellulone

A. F. Halim, M. M. Mashaly, O. salama, A. F. Ali and P. Sandra, Analysis of celery fruit oil and investigation on the effect of storage, Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci., 31, 107-113 (1990).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

daucus carota ssp. maximus (desf.) ball seed oil
1517.65beta- asarone
80.28alpha- bergamotene
163.00alpha- bisabolene
1334.70beta- bisabolene
170.39preiso calamendiol
71.48beta- caryophyllene
4tracepara- cymene
100.43(E)-beta- farnesene
90.31alpha- humulene
5trace  limonene
61.97  methyl eugenol
1137.22(E)- methyl isoeugenol
140.25beta-sesqui phellandrene
1tracealpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
2trace  sabinene
120.65  shyobunone

H. E. A. Saad, S. H. El-Sharkawy and A. F. Halim, Essential oils of Daucus carota ssp. maximus. Pharm. Acta Helv. 70, 79-84 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

guava fruit oil reunion
170.40allo- aromadendrene
120.20  benzaldehyde
290.10(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
260.60alpha- bisabolene
250.50beta- bisabolene
510.70alpha- bisabolol
301.20  cadina-1,4-diene
282.40delta- cadinene
531.40alpha- cadinol
320.30alpha- calacorene
340.00beta- calacorene
311.40  calamenene
140.109-epi-beta- caryophyllene
1524.60beta- caryophyllene
420.40alpha- caryophyllene alcohol
365.10  caryophyllene oxide
472.60  cinnamyl acetate
112.80alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
441.801-epi- cubenol
431.201,10- di-epi-cubenol
571.702,6- dimethyl-1-3-6-heptatriene
10.10  ethyl butyrate
450.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
520.20beta- eudesmol
481.90gamma- eudesmol
270.20(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
580.40  farnesol
390.70  gleenol
130.10alpha- gurjunene
220.30gamma- gurjunene
20.10  hexanal
90.30  hexanol
40.10(E)-2- hexenal
80.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
460.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
70.10  hexyl acetate
200.10gamma- himachalene
183.20alpha- humulene
381.40  ledol
210.10para- menth-1-en-9-ol
350.10para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
370.20  methyl eugenol
30.10  methyl hexanoate
160.10  muurola-4(14),5-diene
240.40alpha- muurolene
190.60gamma- muurolene
502.90alpha- muurolol
491.40epi-alpha- muurolol
4118.00  nerolidol
60.60(E)-beta- ocimene
52.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
335.403- phenyl-1-propyl acetate
400.102- propenyl-2-phenol
540.50  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
230.20alpha- selinene
564.10 tricyclo-3-3-13.7-decane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 153, (2000)
laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
ocimum basilicum absolute egypt
121.30(E)-alpha- bergamotene
160.32alpha- bisabolene
60.20  borneol
50.45  camphor
110.21beta- caryophyllene
22.281,8- cineole
100.48beta- elemene
826.49  eugenol
141.26  germacrene D
150.20alpha- guaiene
10.23(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
130.22alpha- humulene
433.00  linalool
711.23  methyl chavicol
90.48  methyl eugenol
30.31(E)-beta- ocimene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt. In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Composition. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp. 591-603, Elsevier Sci. Publ. B. V., Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

ocimum basilicum herb oil egypt
170.48(E)-alpha- bergamotene
211.29alpha- bisabolene
90.23  camphor
161.05beta- caryophyllene
63.391,8- cineole
140.19alpha- copaene
150.11beta- elemene
110.29  eugenol
180.20(E)-beta- farnesene
200.72  germacrene D
190.22alpha- humulene
50.23  limonene
81.85  linalool
1081.10  methyl chavicol
120.15  methyl cinnamate
133.92  methyl eugenol
40.21  myrcene
70.76(E)-beta- ocimene
10.28alpha- pinene
30.35beta- pinene
20.13  sabinene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt. In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Composition. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp. 591-603, Elsevier Sci. Publ. B. V., Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

thymus serpyllum oil france
120.42allo- aromadendrene
190.05alpha- bisabolene
80.24beta- bourbonene
210.33delta- cadinene
302.90alpha- cadinol
283.40T- cadinol
240.33(Z)- calamenene
20.04  camphene
290.30  carvacrol
1113.80beta- caryophyllene
263.00isocaryophyllene oxide + caryophyllene oxide
50.401,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
60.16para- cymene
220.22(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
150.91(E)-beta- farnesene
321.92  farnesol
310.40  farnesyl acetate
170.47  geranial
2511.80  geraniol
2025.00  geranyl acetate
330.09  indole
40.51  limonene
91.60  linalool
162.00gamma- muurolene
130.50  neral
230.70  nerol
277.00  nerolidol
180.60  neryl acetate
100.05(E)-2- nonenal
10.08alpha- pinene
3tracebeta-pinene + sabinene
70.12 rose oxide
141.60alpha- terpineol

G. Vemin, C. Ghiglione and C. Parkanyi, GC-MS-SPECMA bank analysis of Thymus serpyllum (Opiz) Wollm. (wild thyme) from Hautes AIpes (France). In Spices, herbs and edible fungi. Edit., G, Charalambous, pp. 501-515, Developments in Food Science, 34, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

thymus vulgaris oil CO2 extract spain
Oszagyan et al. (1996) analyzed the composition od supercritical fluid CO2 extract of thyme (ex. T. vulgaris) and compared it to a steam-distilled oil. The quantitative data was obtained in a GD-FID, whereas the identity od each component was determined by GC/MS. A comparison between the two analyses is shown in Table VII. Note, only the CO2 extract will be shown here.
110.8alpha- bisabolene
43.0delta-3- carene
933.3  carvacrol
101.9beta- caryophyllene
514.3para- cymene
31.6  limonene
70.6  linalool
21.3  myrcene
120.4  palmitic acid
10.5beta- pinene
625.0gamma- terpinene
813.2  thymol

M. Oszagyan, B. Simandi, J. Sawinsky, A. Kery, E. Lemberkovics and J. Fekete, Supercritical fluid extraction of volatile compounds from lavandin and thyme. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 157-165 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

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