cichorium intybus root solid extract
extract of the roots of the chicory, cichorium intybus l., asteraceae
 
Notes:
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. cichorium intybus, compositae.
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
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      Chicory Extract
       
  • H. Interdonati, Inc.
    • H. Interdonati, Inc.
      Innovative products
      Because your flavors and fragrances are only as good as their source "Since 1952"
      H. Interdonati, Inc. began in 1952 with the tradition of delivering quality pharmaceuticals and fine chemical ingredients at competitive prices. The mission was simple: To provide the most reliable, personal service in the industry.
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      Chickory Extract Spray Dried
       
  • Horner International
    • Horner International
      The finest extracts in the world
      Horner International supplies the finest natural extracts and flavors to a world-wide customer base.
      Horner International supplies the finest natural extracts and flavors to a world-wide customer base. Our new North American production facility in Durham, North Carolina features multiple production lines for extraction and concentration via proprietary technology. A diverse team with decades of experience and know-how, we apply our skills to some of the most challenging products found in nature. We are committed to treat our customers in the way we wish to be treated. We believe that natural products play a positive, sustainable role in a future that is good for farmers, communities, and our customers. Our goal is to produce the best-tasting, most consistent natural extracts and flavors in the world.
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      Chicory Spray-Dried Powder Extract
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
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      03-18525 CHICORY ROOT SOLID EXTRACT, NATURAL, Kosher
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Name: cichorium intybus root solid extract
CAS Number: 68650-43-1 
Wisconsin Invasive Non-native plant species
Category: cosmetic and flavor agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number: 2280  chicory root solid extract
FDA Mainterm: CHICORY, EXTRACT (CICHORIUM INTYBUS L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: coffee
Odor Strength: medium
 chicory  sweet  roasted  coffee  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet roasted coffee
 chicory  coffee  
Taste Description:
chicory
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
skin conditioning
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Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
CHICORY ROOT ROASTED CONCENTRATE NATURAL
Advanced Biotech
CHICORY ROOT ROASTED CONCENTRATE SOLID EXTRACT NATURAL
Alfrebro
Chicory Extract
Odor: Chicory Maple
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Chickory Extract Spray Dried
Featured Products
Horner International
Chicory Spray-Dried Powder Extract
Naturex
Chicory Extract
NAT arom®, liquid or powder forms
Penta International
CHICORY ROOT SOLID EXTRACT, NATURAL, Kosher
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic and flavor agents
Wisconsin Invasive Non-native plant species
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -100.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -63.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -58.00000
fruit ices: -58.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -57.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 68650-43-1
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 cichorium intybus root solid extract
Chemidplus: 0068650431
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References:
 cichorium intybus root solid extract
Pubchem (sid): 135287707
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 1302.19.0000
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
caramellic
caramellic
 caramel furanone solutionFL/FR
chocolate
2,4,5-trimethyl thiazoleFL/FR
coffee
 cichorium intybus root extractFL/FR
roasted arabica coffee bean oilFL/FR
fruity
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
popcorn
2-acetyl pyrazineFL/FR
woody
 juniper berry oleoresinFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
2-methyl-3-furyl tetrasulfideFL
 pyrazines mixtureFL
alliaceous
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
caramellic
 caramel furanone solutionFL/FR
coffee
 cichorium intybus root extractFL/FR
 coffee distillatesFL
 methyl furfuryl thiolFL
2-methyl-5-vinyl pyrazineFL
2-thiophene thiolFL
mustard
 furfuryl methyl etherFL
musty
2-ethoxythiazoleFL
nutty
3,5(6)-cocoa pyrazineFL
 nutty thiazoleFL
2,4,5-trimethyl thiazoleFL/FR
roasted
2-acetyl pyrazineFL/FR
roasted arabica coffee bean oilFL/FR
solvent
 methyl phenyl sulfideFL
sulfurous
2-thienyl mercaptanFL
woody
 juniper berry oleoresinFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 beverages 
 butterscotchFL
 caramelFL
 coffeeFL
 confectionary 
 mapleFL
 molassesFL
 skin conditioning 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 chicory
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 chicory (blend) extract natural
 chicory blend extract natural
 chicory extract natural
 chicory root solid extract
 chicory root solid extract natural
 chicory spray-dried powder extract
 cichorium byzantinum root solid extract
 cichorium cicorea root solid extract
 cichorium glabratum root solid extract
 cichorium glaucum root solid extract
 cichorium intybus subsp. glabratum root solid extract
 cichorium intybus var. eglandulosum root solid extract
 cichorium intybus var. glabratum root solid extract
 cichorium perenne root solid extract
 cichorium rigidum root solid extract
 cichorium sylvestre root solid extract
 extract of the roots of the chicory, cichorium intybus l., asteraceae
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Hepatoprotective effect of Cichorium intybus L., a traditional Uighur medicine, against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats.
J-Stage: Prevention of Oxidative Stress-Induced Apoptosis of C2C12 Myoblasts by a Cichorium intybus Root Extract
PubMed: Evaluation of Hepatocyteprotective and Anti-hepatitis B Virus Properties of Cichoric Acid from Cichorium intybus Leaves in Cell Culture.
PubMed: Ethno-medicinal plants used to cure jaundice by traditional healers of mashhad, iran.
PubMed: Evaluation of antibacterial activity of crude protein extracts from seeds of six different medical plants against standard bacterial strains.
PubMed: The effects of cichorium intybus extract on the maturation and activity of dendritic cells.
PubMed: Effects of chicory/perennial ryegrass swards compared with perennial ryegrass swards on the performance and carcass quality of grazing beef steers.
PubMed: Antihyperglycemic effect of crude extracts of some Egyptian plants and algae.
PubMed: Cichorium intybus: Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology.
PubMed: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) and cereals differently affect gut development in broiler chickens and young pigs.
PubMed: Regulation of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and sulphotransferase 2A1 gene expression in primary porcine hepatocytes by selected sex-steroids and plant secondary metabolites from chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) and wormwood (Artemisia sp.).
PubMed: High temperatures limit plant growth but hasten flowering in root chicory (Cichorium intybus) independently of vernalisation.
PubMed: Effects of Cichorium intybus linn on blood glucose, lipid constituents and selected oxidative stress parameters in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Fatty acids, α-tocopherol, β-carotene, and lutein contents in forage legumes, forbs, and a grass-clover mixture.
PubMed: Use of herbal remedies among patients undergoing hemodialysis.
PubMed: Regulation of cytochrome P450 mRNA expression in primary porcine hepatocytes by selected secondary plant metabolites from chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: [Effects of Eucalyptus grandis leaf litter at its early stage of decomposition on the growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Cichorium intybus].
PubMed: Mutations in chicory FEH genes are statistically associated with enhanced resistance to post-harvest inulin depolymerization.
PubMed: Antihyperglycemic effect of a natural chicoric acid extract of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.): a comparative in vitro study with the effects of caffeic and ferulic acids.
PubMed: Dairy cows increase ingestive mastication and reduce ruminative chewing when grazing chicory and plantain.
PubMed: Genomics of Compositae crops: reference transcriptome assemblies and evidence of hybridization with wild relatives.
PubMed: Red chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cultivar) as a potential source of antioxidant anthocyanins for intestinal health.
PubMed: Ethnobotanical appraisal and cultural values of medicinally important wild edible vegetables of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan.
PubMed: Comprehensive signal assignment of 13C-labeled lignocellulose using multidimensional solution NMR and 13C chemical shift comparison with solid-state NMR.
PubMed: [Food value of cichorium intybus].
PubMed: Long-term cultured hairy roots of chicory-a rich source of hydroxycinnamates and 8-deoxylactucin glucoside.
PubMed: [HPLC fingerprint and chemical pattern recognition method for Cichorium intybus and C. glandulosum].
PubMed: Sesquiterpene lactone content and overall quality of fresh-cut witloof chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. foliosum Hegi) as affected by different washing procedures.
PubMed: Quality evaluation of cook-chilled chicory stems (Cichorium intybus L., Catalogna group) by conventional and sous vide cooking methods.
PubMed: Effect of summer forage species grazed during finishing on animal performance, carcass quality, and meat quality.
PubMed: Effects of mushroom and chicory extracts on the shape, physiology and proteome of the cariogenic bacterium Streptococcus mutans.
PubMed: High-density genetic maps for loci involved in nuclear male sterility (NMS1) and sporophytic self-incompatibility (S-locus) in chicory (Cichorium intybus L., Asteraceae).
PubMed: Amelioration by chicory seed extract of diabetes- and oleic acid-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) via modulation of PPARα and SREBP-1.
PubMed: A root chicory MADS box sequence and the Arabidopsis flowering repressor FLC share common features that suggest conserved function in vernalization and de-vernalization responses.
PubMed: Identification of organic acids in Cichorium intybus inhibiting virulence-related properties of oral pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed: Identification of phenolic constituents in red chicory salads (Cichorium intybus) by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection and electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Molecular weight distribution of soluble fiber fractions and short chain fatty acids in ileal digesta of growing pigs.
PubMed: Prevention of oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of C2C12 myoblasts by a Cichorium intybus root extract.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Cichorium intybus root extract using orthogonal matrix design.
PubMed: Effect of chicory seed extract on glucose tolerance test (GTT) and metabolic profile in early and late stage diabetic rats.
PubMed: [Antiviral activity of extracts of transgenic cichory and lettuce plants with the human interferon alpha-2b gene].
PubMed: A "novel" protocol for the analysis of hydroxycinnamic acids in leaf tissue of chicory (Cichorium intybus L., Asteraceae).
PubMed: Effect of feeding buckwheat and chicory silages on fatty acid profile and cheese-making properties of milk from dairy cows.
PubMed: PGI chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) traceability by means of HRMAS-NMR spectroscopy: a preliminary study.
PubMed: Role of electrolytes disturbances and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in cisplatin - induced renal toxicity and effects of ethanolic extract of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Terpenoids from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Natural products: a safest approach for obesity.
PubMed: Sink filling, inulin metabolizing enzymes and carbohydrate status in field grown chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Comparative evaluation of traditional prescriptions from Cichorium intybus L. for wound healing: stepwise isolation of an active component by in vivo bioassay and its mode of activity.
PubMed: Preventive Effect of Cichorium Intybus L. Two Extracts on Cerulein-induced Acute Pancreatitis in Mice.
PubMed: Fatty acids profiles of some Spanish wild vegetables.
PubMed: Synergistic antibacterial activity of Salvia officinalis and Cichorium intybus extracts and antibiotics.
PubMed: Water stress drastically reduces root growth and inulin yield in Cichorium intybus (var. sativum) independently of photosynthesis.
PubMed: Inclusion of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) in pigs' diets affects the intestinal microenvironment and the gut microbiota.
PubMed: [Effects of Eucalyptus grandis leaf litter decomposition on the growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Cichorium intybus].
PubMed: Growth performance, digestibility and faecal coliform bacteria in weaned piglets fed a cereal-based diet including either chicory (Cichorium intybus L) or ribwort (Plantago lanceolata L) forage.
PubMed: Silages containing buckwheat and chicory: quality, digestibility and nitrogen utilisation by lactating cows.
PubMed: Cichorins B and C: two new benzo-isochromenes from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: In vitro propagation of Cichorium intybus L. and quantification of enhanced secondary metabolite (esculin).
PubMed: Effect of dietary chicory on boar taint.
PubMed: Two new triterpenoids from Cichorium intybus L. roots.
PubMed: Effects of different sources of fructans on body weight, blood metabolites and fecal bacteria in normal and obese non-diabetic and diabetic rats.
PubMed: [Regeneration of transgenic plants from Cichorium intybus L. var. foliosum Hegi hairy roots].
PubMed: Caffeoylquinic acid-rich extract from chicory seeds improves glycemia, atherogenic index, and antioxidant status in rats.
PubMed: Effect of sewage water on mineral nutritive potential of six fodder species grown under semiarid conditions.
PubMed: Chemical constituents of Cichorium intybus and their inhibitory effects against urease and alpha-chymotrypsin enzymes.
PubMed: Evaluation of effects of Zingiber officinale on salivation in rats.
PubMed: Reconstitution of the costunolide biosynthetic pathway in yeast and Nicotiana benthamiana.
PubMed: Mobility of selected trace elements in Mediterranean red soil amended with phosphogypsum: experimental study.
PubMed: Hepatoprotective Effect of Methanol Extracts of Zingiber officinale and Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Cichorin A: a new benzo-isochromene from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Effect of calcium against salinity-induced inhibition in growth, ion accumulation and proline contents in Cichorium intybus L.
PubMed: In vitro analysis of the anthelmintic activity of forage chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) sesquiterpene lactones against a predominantly Haemonchus contortus egg population.
PubMed: Determination of the hydroxycinnamate profile of 12 members of the Asteraceae family.
PubMed: Comparative study of two purified inulinases from thermophile Thielavia Terrestris NRRL 8126 and mesophile Aspergillus Foetidus NRRL 337 grown on Cichorium Intybus l.
PubMed: [Effective agrobacterium-mediated transformation of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) using vector with gene of tuberculosis antigene ESAT6].
PubMed: Growth performance, digestibility, and gut development of broiler chickens on diets with inclusion of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Flowering catch crops used as forage plants for dairy cows: influence on fatty acids and tocopherols in milk.
PubMed: A chicory cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenase CYP71AV8 for the oxidation of (+)-valencene.
PubMed: In vivo effect of dried chicory root (Cichorium intybus L.) on xenobiotica metabolising cytochrome P450 enzymes in porcine liver.
PubMed: Construction and characterization of two BAC libraries representing a deep-coverage of the genome of chicory (Cichorium intybus L., Asteraceae).
PubMed: Genetic map construction and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping for nitrogen use efficiency and its relationship with productivity and quality of the biennial crop Belgian endive (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Evaluation of the chicory inulin efficacy on ameliorating the intestinal morphology and modulating the intestinal electrophysiological properties in broiler chickens.
PubMed: Identification of novel genes potentially involved in somatic embryogenesis in chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Ameliorating effect of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)-supplemented diet against nitrosamine precursors-induced liver injury and oxidative stress in male rats.
PubMed: Inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B and regulation of insulin signalling markers by caffeoyl derivatives of chicory ( Cichorium intybus) salad leaves.
PubMed: Acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain of alloxan diabetic albino rats: Presence of an inhibitor of this enzyme activity in the cerebral extract.
PubMed: Validation of reference genes for gene expression analysis in chicory (Cichorium intybus) using quantitative real-time PCR.
PubMed: Effects of maternal protein nutrition and subsequent grazing on chicory (Cichorium intybus) on parasitism and performance of lambs.
PubMed: [A review on pharmic effect of chicory research and development].
PubMed: Mycorrhization alleviates benzo[a]pyrene-induced oxidative stress in an in vitro chicory root model.
PubMed: Dissecting the regulation of fructan metabolism in chicory (Cichorium intybus) hairy roots.
PubMed: Proteomic analysis of chicory root identifies proteins typically involved in cold acclimation.
PubMed: Characterization of a MADS FLOWERING LOCUS C-LIKE (MFL) sequence in Cichorium intybus: a comparative study of CiMFL and AtFLC reveals homologies and divergences in gene function.
PubMed: Perceived health and medicinal properties of six species of wild edible plants in north-east Lebanon.
PubMed: Putting the P in Ptilotus: a phosphorus-accumulating herb native to Australia.
PubMed: Construction of 12 EST libraries and characterization of a 12,226 EST dataset for chicory (Cichorium intybus) root, leaves and nodules in the context of carbohydrate metabolism investigation.
PubMed: Performance and dietary preferences of white-tailed deer grazing chicory, birdsfoot trefoil or alfalfa in north central Alberta.
PubMed: Structural insights into glycoside hydrolase family 32 and 68 enzymes: functional implications.
PubMed: Inhibitors of plant invertases do not affect the structurally related enzymes of fructan metabolism.
PubMed: Characterisation of two cold induced dehydrin genes from Cichorium intybus L.
PubMed: Determination of selenium species in plant leaves by HPLC-UV-HG-AFS.
PubMed: Long-Term Biosanitation by Application of Coniothyrium minitans on Sclerotinia sclerotiorum-Infected Crops.
PubMed: Chicoric acid, a new compound able to enhance insulin release and glucose uptake.
PubMed: Antiproliferative activity against human tumor cell lines and toxicity test on Mediterranean dietary plants.
PubMed: Toxicological assessment of P-9801091 plant mixture extract after chronic administration in CBA/HZg mice--a biochemical and histological study.
PubMed: Degradation of forage chicory by ruminal fibrolytic bacteria.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of minimally processed red chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) evaluated in xanthine oxidase-, myeloperoxidase-, and diaphorase-catalyzed reactions.
PubMed: Tannins present in Cichorium intybus enhance glucose uptake and inhibit adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes through PTP1B inhibition.
PubMed: [Inulin and derivates as key ingredients in functional foods].
PubMed: A sensory description of boar taint and the effects of crude and dried chicory roots (Cichorium intybus L.) and inulin feeding in male and female pork.
PubMed: Genetic variability of nitrogen accumulation during vegetative development and remobilization during the forcing process in witloof chicory tuberized root (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: alpha-Glucosidase inhibitory activity of triterpenoids from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Anti-hepatotoxic activity of cichotyboside, a sesquiterpene glycoside from the seeds of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Influencing the binding configuration of sucrose in the active sites of chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase and sugar beet fructan 6-exohydrolase.
PubMed: Palatability in sheep and in vitro nutritional value of dried and ensiled sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), and chicory (Cichorium intybus).
PubMed: N-glycosylation affects substrate specificity of chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase: evidence for the presence of an inulin binding cleft.
PubMed: Unraveling the difference between invertases and fructan exohydrolases: a single amino acid (Asp-239) substitution transforms Arabidopsis cell wall invertase1 into a fructan 1-exohydrolase.
PubMed: Glutathione-S-Transferase is Detected During Somatic Embryogenesis in Chicory.
PubMed: The temporal development in a hybridizing population of wild and cultivated chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Characterization of expressed sequence tags obtained by SSH during somatic embryogenesis in Cichorium intybus L.
PubMed: Vegetable and animal food sorts found in the gastric content of Sardinian Wild Boar (Sus scrofa meridionalis).
PubMed: The importance of a taste. A comparative study on wild food plant consumption in twenty-one local communities in Italy.
PubMed: Genealogy, morphology and fitness of spontaneous hybrids between wild and cultivated chicory (Cichorium intybus).
PubMed: Antibacterial properties of traditionally used Indian medicinal plants.
PubMed: Individual administration of three tanniferous forage plants to lambs artificially infected with Haemonchus contortus and Cooperia curticei.
PubMed: Insights into the fine architecture of the active site of chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase: 1-kestose as substrate vs sucrose as inhibitor.
PubMed: Effect of selenium foliar application on chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Biomass allocation is an important determinant of the tannin concentration in growing plants.
PubMed: Anti-diabetic effects of Cichorium intybus in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Immunolocalization of non-symbiotic hemoglobins during somatic embryogenesis in chicory.
PubMed: Influence of harvest date on the yield and quality of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: The use of chicory for parasite control in organic ewes and their lambs.
PubMed: In situ biomonitoring of the genotoxic effects of mixed industrial emissions using the Tradescantia micronucleus and pollen abortion tests with wild life plants: demonstration of the efficacy of emission controls in an eastern European city.
PubMed: "The herbs that have the property of healing...,": the phytotherapy in Don Quixote.
PubMed: In situ monitoring of clastogenicity of ambient air in Bratislava, Slovakia using the Tradescantia micronucleus assay and pollen abortion assays.
PubMed: Analgesic and sedative activities of lactucin and some lactucin-like guaianolides in mice.
PubMed: Influence of cultivation site on sesquiterpene lactone composition of forage chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: The effects of birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) and chicory (Cichorium intybus) when compared with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) on ovine gastrointestinal parasite development, survival and migration.
PubMed: Application of the in combo screening approach for the discovery of non-alkaloid acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Cloning and functional analysis of a high DP fructan:fructan 1-fructosyl transferase from Echinops ritro (Asteraceae): comparison of the native and recombinant enzymes.
PubMed: Polymorphism and modulation of cell wall esterase enzyme activities in the chicory root during the growing season.
PubMed: The effect of chicory ( Cichorium intybus ) and sulla ( Hedysarum coronarium ) on larval development and mucosal cell responses of growing lambs challenged with Teladorsagia circumcincta.
PubMed: Antioxidant characterization of some Sicilian edible wild greens.
PubMed: Enhancement of growth and coumarin production in hairy root cultures of witloof chicory (Cichorium intybus L.cv. Lucknow local) under the influence of fungal elicitors.
PubMed: The efficacy of Liv-52 on liver cirrhotic patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled first approach.
PubMed: Chicory extracts from Cichorium intybus L. as potential antifungals.
PubMed: Evaluation of the phenolic content in the aerial parts of different varieties of Cichorium intybus L.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of soluble Cichorium intybusVar. silvestre lipoxygenase.
PubMed: [Optimization of isolation of inulin from Cichorium intybus L. and some of its uses in social practice].
PubMed: Uptake and degradation of DDT by hairy root cultures of Cichorium intybus and Brassica juncea.
PubMed: Inulin-type fructans and reduction in colon cancer risk: review of experimental and human data.
PubMed: Furofuran lignans from a callus culture of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Growth, fructan yield, and quality of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) as related to photosynthetic capacity, harvest time, and water regime.
PubMed: Antioxidant properties of Mediterranean food plant extracts: geographical differences.
PubMed: The consequences of short-term grazing of bioactive forages on established adult and incoming larvae populations of Teladorsagia circumcincta in lambs.
PubMed: Testing for direct anthelmintic effects of bioactive forages against Trichostrongylus colubriformis in grazing sheep.
PubMed: X-ray diffraction structure of a plant glycosyl hydrolase family 32 protein: fructan 1-exohydrolase IIa of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Antimalarial activity of lactucin and lactucopicrin: sesquiterpene lactones isolated from Cichorium intybus L.
PubMed: Antimicrobial evaluation of some medicinal plants for their anti-enteric potential against multi-drug resistant Salmonella typhi.
PubMed: Expression analysis of a chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase gene reveals complex regulation by cold.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of NBS domain sequences of NBS-LRR disease resistance genes from sunflower, lettuce, and chicory.
PubMed: Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction study of fructan 1-exohydrolase IIa from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: The effect of dietary forage on the development and survival of helminth parasites in ovine faeces.
PubMed: Terpenoid metabolism in wild-type and transgenic Arabidopsis plants.
PubMed: Radical scavenging and iron-chelating activities of some greens used as traditional dishes in Mediterranean diet.
PubMed: Effects of condensed tannins and crude sesquiterpene lactones extracted from chicory on the motility of larvae of deer lungworm and gastrointestinal nematodes.
PubMed: Properties of fructan:fructan 1-fructosyltransferases from chicory and globe thistle, two Asteracean plants storing greatly different types of inulin.
PubMed: [Vasorelaxant activity of caffeic acid derivatives from Cichorium intybus and Equisetum arvense].
PubMed: Antihepatotoxic activity of seeds of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Induction of 1-FEH in mature chicory roots appears to be related to low temperatures rather than to leaf damage.
PubMed: [Studies on chemical constituents of root of Cichorium intybus].
PubMed: Distinction between cultivated and wild chicory gene pools using AFLP markers.
PubMed: cDNA-AFLP display for the isolation of differentially expressed genes during chicory root development.
PubMed: Glutathione S-transferases and malondialdehyde in the liver of NOD mice on short-term treatment with plant mixture extract P-9801091.
PubMed: Microfungi on compositae in the Ruhr Basin.
PubMed: Monitoring the persistence of genes deriving from genetically modified plants in the soil environment.
PubMed: The effect of birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) and chicory (Cichorium intybus) on parasite intensities and performance of lambs naturally infected with helminth parasites.
PubMed: Sesquiterpene lactones in a hairy root culture of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Permeabilization and in situ adsorption studies during growth and coumarin production in hairy root cultures of Cichorium intybus L.
PubMed: In vivo gastroprotective effects of five Turkish folk remedies against ethanol-induced lesions.
PubMed: Anti- and pro-oxidant activity of water soluble compounds in Cichorium intybus var. silvestre (Treviso red chicory).
PubMed: A new coumarin glucoside ester from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Effects of grazing undrenched weaner deer on chicory or perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture on the viability of gastrointestinal nematodes and lungworms.
PubMed: In vitro antioxidant activity of non-cultivated vegetables of ethnic Albanians in southern Italy.
PubMed: Anti- and pro-oxidant water soluble activity of Cichorium genus vegetables and effect of thermal treatment.
PubMed: (+)-(10R)-Germacrene A synthase from goldenrod, Solidago canadensis; cDNA isolation, bacterial expression and functional analysis.
PubMed: Cloning of a vacuolar invertase from Belgian endive leaves (Cichorium intybus).
PubMed: Effects of the ethanol extract of Cichorium intybus on the immunotoxicity by ethanol in mice.
PubMed: Anthocyanins from flowers of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of costunolide, dihydrocostunolide, and leucodin. Demonstration of cytochrome p450-catalyzed formation of the lactone ring present in sesquiterpene lactones of chicory.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of two germacrene A synthase cDNA clones from chicory.
PubMed: Antimycotic activities of selected plant flora, growing wild in Lebanon, against phytopathogenic fungi.
PubMed: Chemical modification of inulin, a valuable renewable resource, and its industrial applications.
PubMed: Antioxidative effects of cichorium intybus root extract on LDL (low density lipoprotein) oxidation.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of Cichorium intybus L].
PubMed: Defoliation induces fructan 1-exohydrolase II in Witloof chicory roots. Cloning and purification of two isoforms, fructan 1-exohydrolase IIa and fructan 1-exohydrolase IIb. Mass fingerprint of the fructan 1-exohydrolase II enzymes.
PubMed: Guaianolides from Cichorium intybus and structure revision of Cichorium sesquiterpene lactones.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of germacrene A carboxylic acid in chicory roots. Demonstration of a cytochrome P450 (+)-germacrene a hydroxylase and NADP+-dependent sesquiterpenoid dehydrogenase(s) involved in sesquiterpene lactone biosynthesis.
PubMed: Effect of 'antidiabetis' herbal preparation on serum glucose and fructosamine in NOD mice.
PubMed: Sucrose assimilation during early developmental stages of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) plants.
PubMed: Cloning and functional analysis of chicory root fructan1-exohydrolase I (1-FEH I): a vacuolar enzyme derivedfrom a cell-wall invertase ancestor? Mass fingerprint of the 1-FEH I enzyme.
PubMed: Putrescine and Silver Nitrate Influences Shoot Multiplication, In Vitro Flowering and Endogenous Titers of Polyamines in Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow Local.
PubMed: Hepatoprotective effects of Turkish folk remedies on experimental liver injury.
PubMed: Evaluation of the immunomodulatory effects of five herbal plants.
PubMed: Differentiation-inducing effect of magnolialide, a 1 beta-hydroxyeudesmanolide isolated from Cichorium intybus, on human leukemia cells.
PubMed: Nitrate assimilation in chicory roots (Cichorium intybus L.) which acquire radial growth.
PubMed: In vitro and ex vivo anti- and prooxidant components of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Cloning, developmental, and tissue-specific expression of sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyl transferase from Taraxacum officinale. Fructan localization in roots.
PubMed: Drought induces fructan synthesis and 1-SST (sucrose:sucrose fructosyltransferase) in roots and leaves of chicory seedlings (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Putrescine Influences Growth and Production of Coumarins in Hairy Root Cultures of Witloof Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow Local).
PubMed: Influence of Polyamines on Growth of Hairy Root Cultures of Witloof Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow Local) and Formation of Coumarins.
PubMed: Nitrogen-induced changes in morphological development and bacterial susceptibility of belgian endive (Cichorium intybus L.) are genotype-dependent
PubMed: Inhibitory effect of mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions by Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Anti-hepatotoxic effects of root and root callus extracts of Cichorium intybus L.
PubMed: Complex melting of semi-crystalline chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) root inulin.
PubMed: Natural genetic transformation by agrobacterium rhizogenes . Annual flowering in two biennials, belgian endive and carrot
PubMed: (+)-Germacrene A biosynthesis . The committed step in the biosynthesis of bitter sesquiterpene lactones in chicory
PubMed: Postcoital contraceptive activity of some indigenous plants in rats.
PubMed: Esculetin prevents liver damage induced by paracetamol and CCL4.
PubMed: The bifidogenic nature of chicory inulin and its hydrolysis products.
PubMed: Antihepatotoxic activity of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Fructan of the inulin neoseries is synthesized in transgenic chicory plants (Cichorium intybus L.) harbouring onion (Allium cepa L.) fructan:fructan 6G-fructosyltransferase.
PubMed: Inhalative occupational and ingestive immediate-type allergy caused by chicory (Cichorium intybus).
PubMed: In situ gynogenetic haploid plants of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) after intergeneric hybridization with Cicerbita alpina Walbr.
PubMed: Evidence for the nitrate-dependent spatial regulation of the nitrate reductase gene in chicory roots.
PubMed: Cytoplasmic DNAs and nuclear rDNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms in commercial witloof chicories.
PubMed: Crude extracts of hepatoprotective plants, Solanum nigrum and Cichorium intybus inhibit free radical-mediated DNA damage.
PubMed: Evaluation of the liver protective potential of Cichorium intybus seed extract on Acetaminophen and CCl(4)-induced damage.
PubMed: [The in vitro action of plants on Vibrio cholerae].
PubMed: Quantitation of organic acids in sugar refinery juices with capillary zone electrophoresis and indirect UV detection.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-D-fru ctose, a product of the enzymic hydrolysis of the inulin from Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Agrobacterium mediated transfer of a mutant Arabidopsis acetolactate synthase gene confers resistance to chlorsulfuron in chicory (Cichorium intybus L.).
PubMed: Enzymes of Nitrogen Assimilation Undergo Seasonal Fluctuations in the Roots of the Persistent Weedy Perennial Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Polyacetylenes from the Underground Parts of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: Proteins in the roots of the perennial weeds chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) and dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber) are associated with overwintering.
PubMed: The bacterial microflora of witloof chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var.foliosum Hegi) leaves.
PubMed: Composition of the microflora of witloof chicory seeds.
PubMed: Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in Cichorium intybus L. (Witloof, Compositae).
PubMed: Spermatogenic inhibition by Cichorium intybus L. aqueous root suspension in mice.
PubMed: Assay of nitrogenase activity in intact plant systems.
PubMed: Biochemical changes in the water-soluble carbohydrates during the development of chicory (Cichorium intybus Linn) roots.
PubMed: Preliminary phytochemical and pharmacological investigations of the roots of different varieties of Cichorium intybus.
PubMed: [The influence of growth regulators on protein and enzym spectra of explants from roots of cichorium intybus cultured in vitro].
PubMed: Leaf protein from the green tops of Cichorium intybus L. (Chicory).
PubMed: Auxin-induced Expansion Growth in Disks of Chicory Root (Cichorium intybus).
PubMed: [Effects of freezing on the intercellular meatuses in the root of Cichorium intybus L. (variety of endive)].
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