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petitgrain oil
essential oil obtained from the leaves of the sour orange, citrus aurantium, rutaceae

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Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:citrus aurantium l. leaf oil
CAS Number: 8014-17-3
ECHA EC Number:277-143-2
Also Contains:citrus aurantium leaf extract
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
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PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2855 petitgrain oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):8014-17-3 ; PETITGRAIN, OIL (CITRUS AURANTIUM L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow to brownish yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.87800 to 0.88900 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.306 to 7.397
Refractive Index:1.45000 to 1.46000 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-4.00 to +1.00
Flash Point: 152.00 °F. TCC ( 66.67 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 20.12 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:28 hour(s) at 100.00 %
floral sage clary sage neroli citrus
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. floral clary neroli citrus
Flavor Type: citrus
petitgrain
Taste Description: petitgrain
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Absolute Cosmetic Essentials
Organic Petitgrain
Ambles Nature et Chimie
PETIT GRAIN
Augustus Oils
Petitgrain Aromatherapy Oil
Services
Augustus Oils
Petitgrain Essential Oil
Berjé
Organic Petitgrain Oil
Happening at Berje
Berjé
Petitgrain Oil S.A.
Creatingperfume.com
Petitgrain Essential Oil
Earthoil
Petitgrain Oil Organic
Fuzhou Farwell
Petitgrain Oil
George Uhe Company
Petitgrain Oil Min. 48%
Available in FCC
Hermitage Oils
Petitgrain Essential Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Eleonora Scalseggi has this to say “Petitgrain essential oil is another invaluable material for both the perfumer and the aromatherapist obtained by steam distilling the leaves and twigs of the bitter orange tree. Apparently in the past distillation occurred when little unripe orange fruits were on the branches, thus the name “petit-grain”.
The Vault
Indenta Group
Petitgrain Oil
India Essential Oils
Petitgrain Oil
Penta International
PETITGRAIN OIL
Perfumery Laboratory
PETITGRANE SUPER (Petitgrain sur Fleurs essential oil)
Odor: Strong, fresh, bitterish - fresh fragrance with bright notes of orange blossom flowers and a bitter orange peel
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Organic Petitgrain Oil
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Petitgrain Oil Nem 4
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Petitgrain Oil
Reincke & Fichtner
Petitgrain Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Petitgrain Oil
Robertet
Petitgrain Ess. oil (for fragrance)
Robertet
Petitgrain oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Floral, orange flower, lavender, green, marshmallow
The John D. Walsh Company
Petitgrain Oil
The Lebermuth Company
Petitgrain Oil
Odor: Somewhat harsh, bitter-sweet, woody, floral
The Lermond Company
Petitgrain Oil N & A
The Lermond Company
Petitgrain Oil P&N - AV
The Lermond Company
Petitgrain Oil, Organic
The Perfumers Apprentice
Petitgrain neroli (Egypt) J.Steele
The Perfumery
Petitgrain oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Petitgrain Profile... 08/20/2013 Petitgrain is a misunderstood essential oil. There are primarily three important distinct Petitgrains. The reason it is misunderstood is partly because of the botanical names and the diversity of the different species. The most important Petitgrain is from the leaf of Citrus aurantium tree. This is also the same tree that produces Bitter Orange and the most coveted Neroli. When an EO novice sees the botanical name he often imagines cold pressed citrus oil. Neroli is such an expensive oil it doesn’t enter the picture for the beginner, but Petitgrain does because it is more affordable. The beginner uses Petitgrain from the Bitter Orange and becomes accustomed to it. When he samples the Lemon Leaf, or Mandarin Leaf the profiles don’t match the buyer’s expectations. Furthermore, because the other petitgrains are more expensive they are often overlooked for budgetary reasons. The Perfumery.com recommends that aroma therapist learn to distinguish the different petitgrains. They are applicable for digestion, stimulant, antispasmodic, clarifying, antidepressant, and tonic uses. They are reported to help memory, anxiety, and circulation. Remember petitgrain is leaf oil. It is not necessarily fruity and tends to be more floral. It is more expensive because it is not a food product like the fruit and the yields are low. It is a true steam distilled oil, not expressed. It requires more energy and fuel to process. It is more stable than pressed oils and not generally as colorful. The chemistry is much different also. It is not primarily limonene as a pressed oil would be. The ability to appreciate and utilize the various petitgrain oils is an advanced aromatherapy skill. It requires additional study, off the beaten path.
Ultra International
Petitgrain Oil Spanish
Crop Calendar
Vigon International
Petitgrain Oil
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 30, Pg. 101S, 1992.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 2000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 30, Pg. 101S, 1992.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA Other Specification: < 20 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Linalool and natural products known to be rich in linalool, such as bois de rose, coriander or ho wood oil, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practical level. It is recommended to add antioxidants at the time of production of the raw material. The addition of 0.1% BHT or alpha-tocopherol for example has shown great efficiency. The maximum peroxide level for products in use should be 20 mmol/l.
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
citral Max. Found: <1.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
(E)-2-hexen-1-al Max. Found: trace to <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
geraniol Max. Found: <4.50 % and Reason: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for petitgrain oil usage levels up to:
  15.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -17.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -1.50000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -4.10000
condiments / relishes: -15.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.40000
fruit ices: -1.40000
gelatins / puddings: -0.20000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -5.30000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8014-17-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
citrus aurantium l. leaf oil
Chemidplus:0008014173
RTECS:RJ3696700 for cas# 8014-17-3
 
References:
 citrus aurantium l. leaf oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8014-17-3
Pubchem (sid):135317653
 
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
citrus carbaldehyde
FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
amber
acetoxymethyl isolongifolene
FR
formoxymethyl isolongifolene
FR
hydroxymethyl isolongifolene 50% in dpg
FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
linalyl cinnamate
FL/FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
sclareol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot acetoacetate
FR
bergamot oil
FL/FR
citrus hystrix leaf extract
FR
citrus limon flower/leaf/stem oil
FR
citrus limon leaf extract
FR
crithmum maritimum oil
FR
dihydromyrcenyl acetate
FR
grapefruit pentanol
FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lime oil distilled terpeneless
FL/FR
mandarin oil (citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin) uruguay
FL/FR
mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain absolute france
FL/FR
petitgrain bergamot oil
FL/FR
petitgrain combava oil
FR
petitgrain lime oil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil replacer
FL/FR
sweet
petitgrain oil
FL/FR
petitgrain specialty
FR
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
floral
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
bigarade oxide
FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl anthranilate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citrus bergamia risso leaf oil
FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
decyl anthranilate
FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl linalool
FR
floral pyranol
FR
pink
frangipani absolute
FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl anthranilate
FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
hyacinth ether
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
leerall
FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
linalyl benzoate
FL/FR
linalyl butyrate
FL/FR
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
muguet carboxaldehyde
FR
beta-
naphthyl anthranilate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neroli absolute
FL/FR
neroli extract
FL/FR
neroli oil
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
nerolidyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
orange leaf water absolute
FR
bitter
orange leaf/twig oil
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower water absolute
FL/FR
petitgrain absolute morocco
FL/FR
petitgrain bergamot oil (citrus bergamia melarosa)
FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
petitgrain cedrat oil
FL/FR
petitgrain concrete
FR
petitgrain essence
FL/FR
petitgrain fragrance
FR
petitgrain grapefruit oil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil terpeneless
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin orange oil
FR
clementine
petitgrain oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil fractions
FR
petitgrain oil morocco
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
petitgrain oil replacer
FR
petitgrain oil terpeneless
FL/FR
petitgrain oil terpenes
FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
phenyl-1(2)-propene-1-yl acetate
FR
iso
propyl anthranilate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalyl acetate
FR
undecanal dimethyl acetal
FR
violet methyl carbonate
FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil I
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil II
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
nerolidyl isobutyrate
FR
ocimen-1-yl acetate
FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
green
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
dextro-
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
bergamot mint herb oil
FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary acetate
FR
clary octenone
FR
clary propyl acetate
FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
clary sage resin america
FR
costmary oil (chrysanthemum balsamita)
FR
cuminyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal carene
FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
linalyl isovalerate
FL/FR
ocimene oxirane
FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
petitgrain heptane
FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
terpineol acetate
FL/FR
medicinal
meta-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl methyl ether
FL/FR
petitgrain
petitgrain mandarin oil terpenes
FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
mace oil
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
flouve absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
waxy
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
woody
alpha-
farnesene
FL/FR
santall
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
cuminyl acetate
FL/FR
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
laevo-
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
dextro-
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
methyl dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
nerolidyl acetate
FL/FR
bitter
orange leaf/twig oil
FL/FR
iso
propyl anthranilate
FL/FR
terpineol acetate
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
balsamic
myrrh oil
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
chemical
meta-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lime oil distilled terpeneless
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
mandarin oil (citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin) uruguay
FL/FR
mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)
FL/FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain absolute france
FL/FR
petitgrain bergamot oil
FL/FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
petitgrain cedrat oil
FL/FR
petitgrain essence
FL/FR
petitgrain grapefruit oil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
petitgrain lime oil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil replacer
FL/FR
sweet
petitgrain oil
FL/FR
clementine
petitgrain oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil morocco
FL/FR
petitgrain oil terpeneless
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
linalyl benzoate
FL/FR
linalyl butyrate
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
neroli absolute
FL/FR
neroli extract
FL/FR
neroli oil
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower water absolute
FL/FR
petitgrain absolute morocco
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil I
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil II
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
citronellyl anthranilate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl anthranilate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl cinnamate
FL/FR
linalyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl anthranilate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil terpeneless
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
green
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl methyl ether
FL/FR
spicy
mace oil
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
waxy
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
woody
sclareol
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRacacia
FRamber
FRbergamot
FRcitrus
FRcologne
FRcolonia
FRfern
FRfir needle oil replacer
FRfloral
FRgardenia
FRjasmin
FRlilac
FRlily
FRmace
FRmillefleurs
FRmimosa
FRneroli
FRorange blossom
FRoriental
FRpine forest
FRreseda
FRsandalwood
FRspring rain
FRyew
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 citrus aurantium leaf
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 citrus aurantium leaf oil
 essential oil obtained from the leaves of the sour orange, citrus aurantium, rutaceae
 petinerol
 petitgrain ess BM 01 (Charabot)
 petitgrain ess BM 04 (Charabot)
 petitgrain ess TBM 06 (Charabot)
 petitgrain ess type
 petitgrain ess. oil (for fragrance) (Robertet)
 petitgrain essential oil
 petitgrain oil
 petitgrain oil (citrus aurantium)
 petitgrain oil organic
 
 
Notes:
This is the most important, by far, of all petitgrain oils. The oil is produced in Paraguay and, to a smaller extent, in Haiti. However, only in Paraguay is the oil distilled exclusively from the bitter sour variety of Citrus Aurantium, subspecies amara, the bitter orange tree. This tree grows wild, serniwild and is cultivated on a large scale in the interior of Paraguay. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. citrus vulgaris, rutaceae.
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