cardamom seed oil
 
Notes:
Steam distilled from the seeds of Elettaria Cardamomum that is cultivated in Ceylon, India, Guatemala, El Salvador and Central America. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. elettaria cardamomum, zingiberaceae.
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Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
Name: elettaria cardamomum l. seed oil
CAS Number: 8000-66-6 
FDA UNII:JM0KJ091HZ
MDL: MFCD00240692
Also Contains: elettaria cardamomum seed extract
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
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FEMA Number: 2241  cardamom seed oil
FDA Mainterm: CARDAMOM SEED, OIL (ELLETARIA CARDAMOMUM (L.) MATON)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.91700 to 0.94700 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.630 to  7.880
Refractive Index: 1.46200 to 1.46600 @  20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: +22.00 to +44.00
Boiling Point: 188.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 138.00 °F. TCC ( 58.89 °C. )
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 332.1 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 hair spray
 lipstick
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 soap
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
warm spicy camphor medical eucalyptus balsam woody
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
tonic
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Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
  R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rat LD50  5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 837, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 837, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
geraniol Max. Found: <1.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
citral Max. Found: <0.60 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for cardamom seed oil usage levels up to:
  12.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3. Update in publication number(s): 23
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 51.5000070.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 2.290004.04000
beverages(alcoholic): 111.14000120.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 50.000004500.00000
condiments / relishes: 61.8400070.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 5.6200010.00000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: 12.9100015.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 5.0000010.00000
hard candy: 50.000003500.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 36.1800055.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: 6.740008.03000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8000-66-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1993
WGK Germany:2
 elettaria cardamomum l. seed oil
Chemidplus: 0008000666
RTECS: FH4550300 for cas# 8000-66-6
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References:
 elettaria cardamomum l. seed oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8000-66-6
Pubchem (sid): 135303510
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
Wikipedia: View
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
anise
anise
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
anisic
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
bitter fennel seed oil spainFR
balsamic
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
isobornyl formateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketone acetateFL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-camphorFL/FR
 melaleuca viridiflora leaf oilCS
citrus
(Z)-4-decenalFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
floral
 acetal 318FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 cardamom absoluteFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 heliotropinFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 leerallFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 neroli oil bigardeFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
(E)-beta-damasconeFL/FR
 green acetateFR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
para-tolualdehydeFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
 perilla alcoholFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
herbal
 cardamom liquid resinFR
 cardamom oil replacerFR
 cardamom oleoresinFL/FR
 cardamom seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 herbal undecaneFR
 laurel bark oil 
 laurel stem oil 
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 levisticum officinale herb oilFL/FR
 piperitoneFL/FR
 rosemary oleoresinFL/FR
 rosemary specialtyFR
 rosmarinus officinalis extractFL/FR
white thyme oilFL/FR
 thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spainFL/FR
red thyme oil spainFL/FR
 thymolFL/FR
minty
bitter fennel seed oil CO2 extractFR
 spearmint oil americaFL/FR
naphthyl
1-methyl naphthaleneFL/FR
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
spicy
 anona squamosa leaf oilFR
 cardamom seed 
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oil guatemalaFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
 laurus nobilis fruit oilFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
 marjoram absolute spain 
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
 piper longum fruit oilFL/FR
 piper longum fruit oil CO2 extractFL/FR
white sassafras oilFL/FR
 zvoulimba leaf oilFR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
woody
 bornyl valerateFL/FR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
 hedychium spicatum root oilFR
 methyl methylene tricyclodecanolFR
 santallFR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 spikenard oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 woody acetateFR
 zedoary bark oilFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
 laurel bark oil 
 laurel stem oil 
 laurus nobilis fruit oilFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
 marjoram absolute spain 
3-methyl cyclohexanoneFL
 piper longum fruit oil CO2 extractFL/FR
white sassafras oilFL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 spikenard oil CO2 extractFL/FR
anise
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketone acetateFL/FR
cherry
 heliotropinFL/FR
citrus
(Z)-4-decenalFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 cardamom absoluteFL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 neroli oil bigardeFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
(E)-beta-damasconeFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
green
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 violet leaf absoluteFL/FR
herbal
 cardamom distillatesFL
 cardamom flavorFL
 cardamom oleoresinFL/FR
 cardamom seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed powderFL
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 rosemary oleoresinFL/FR
 rosmarinus officinalis extractFL/FR
white thyme oilFL/FR
 thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spainFL/FR
red thyme oil spainFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
medicinal
dextro-camphorFL/FR
minty
 piperitoneFL/FR
 spearmint oil americaFL/FR
naphthyl
1-methyl naphthaleneFL/FR
phenolic
 thymolFL/FR
powdery
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
spicy
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cardamom seed 
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oil guatemalaFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 levisticum officinale herb oilFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
 piper longum fruit oilFL/FR
para-tolualdehydeFL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
waxy
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
isobornyl formateFL/FR
 bornyl valerateFL/FR
 perilla alcoholFL/FR
 zedoary bark oilFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 a suma 
 almondFR
 amberFR
 ambrene 
 balsamFR
 bayberryFR
 bouquetFR
 cardamomFL/FR
 christmas blendsFR
 chypreFR
 cinnamonFR
 cranberryFR
 fir balsamFR
 floralFR
 grapefruitFR
 herbalFR
 hollyberryFR
 jasminFR
 jicky 
 juniper berryFR
 lotusFR
 mangoFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 muskFR
 myrrhFR
 orange blossomFR
 orientalFR
 papayaFR
 petitgrainFL/FR
 pomegranateFR
 presence 
 roseFR
 rose tea roseFR
 spiceFR
 tabu 
 tangerineFR
 vol de nuit 
 warm 
 ylang ylangFR
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 cardamom
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 amomum cardamomum seed oil
 cardamom ceylan EO
 cardamom EO-hiXform
 cardamom ess. oil, N.H.S. (for fragrance) (Robertet)
 cardamom essential oil
 cardamom green oil
 cardamom NHS
 cardamom oil
 cardamom oil ceylon
 cardamom oil FCC
 cardamom oil india
 cardamom oil indian
 cardamom oil organic
 cardamom oil WONF
 cardamom seed oil
 cardamom seed oil (elletaria cardamomum maton)
 cardamome ess BM 01
 cardamome ess TBM 01
 cardamome ess TBM 02
 cardamomum officinale seed oil
 cardamon oil
 cardamon oil english distilled SAS
 oil cardamom west indian FCC
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Articles:
Perfumer & Flavorist: Progress in Essential Oils
PubMed: Histological and ultrastructural studies on the toxic effect of pan masala and its amelioration by Elettaria cardamomum.
PubMed: Identification of seven Zingiberaceous species based on comparative anatomy of microscopic characteristics of seeds.
PubMed: [Water-soluble glucans from true cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum White at Maton) seeds].
PubMed: Protective effect of Eleteria cardamomum (L.) Maton against Pan masala induced damage in lung of male Swiss mice.
PubMed: Bifunctional ultrasound assisted extraction and determination of Elettaria cardamomum Maton essential oil.
PubMed: Chemopreventive effects of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum L.) on chemically induced skin carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice.
PubMed: Screening of immunomodulatory activity of total and protein extracts of some Moroccan medicinal plants.
PubMed: Fumigant toxicity and oviposition deterrency of the essential oil from cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum, against three stored–product insects.
PubMed: Xerophilic aflatoxigenic black tea fungi and their inhibition by Elettaria cardamomum and Syzygium aromaticum extracts.
PubMed: Comparative antioxidant activity study of some commonly used spices in Bangladesh.
PubMed: In Vitro Evaluation of Antibacterial Potential of Dry FruitExtracts of Elettaria cardamomum Maton (Chhoti Elaichi).
PubMed: Blood pressure lowering, fibrinolysis enhancing and antioxidant activities of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum).
PubMed: In vitro investigation of the potential immunomodulatory and anti-cancer activities of black pepper (Piper nigrum) and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum).
PubMed: [Antioxidant properties of essential oils].
PubMed: In vivo enhancement of natural killer cell activity through tea fortified with Ayurvedic herbs.
PubMed: Domestication of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) in Western Ghats, India: divergence in productive traits and a shift in major pollinators.
PubMed: Traditional medicinal plants of cold desert Ladakh-used against kidney and urinary disorders.
PubMed: Gut modulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom.
PubMed: Efficacy of neem products and insecticides for the control of shoot fly Formosina flavipes Mall. of Cardamom (Elettaria Cardamomum Maton.).
PubMed: In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to botanical extracts used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders.
PubMed: Gastroprotective effect of cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum Maton. fruits in rats.
PubMed: The use of health foods, spices and other botanicals in the Sikh community in London.
PubMed: Occurrence of trypsin-like protease in cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton).
PubMed: Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton.
PubMed: Element analysis and biological studies on ten oriental spices using XRF and Ames test.
PubMed: [Influence of spiced feed additives on taste of hen's eggs].
PubMed: Influence of intragastric perfusion of aqueous spice extracts on acid secretion in anesthetized albino rats.
PubMed: Pharmacological studies of cardamom oil in animals.
PubMed: Crude drug (zingiberaceae) enhancement of percutaneous absorption of indomethacin: in vitro and in vivo permeation.
PubMed: [32 cases of postoperative osteogenic sarcoma treated by chemotherapy combined with Chinese medicinal herbs].
PubMed: Cardamom--production, technology, chemistry, and quality.
PubMed: [Number of stonecells per sq. mm. of the sclerenchymatous layer of Elettaria cardamomum. An analysis of the results of the measurement of the complex by quantitative microscopy].
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