Typical G.C. analysis

artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran
80.50  borneol
130.80  bornyl acetate
11.00  camphene
615.70  camphor
311.801,8- cineole
21.20para- cymene
177.50  davanone
161.00  geranyl acetate
50.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
70.90(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
111.40  piperitol
1251.80  piperitone
40.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
141.40(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
90.40  terpinen-4-ol
102.00alpha- terpineol
150.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
ferula cupularis leaf oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
1630.37  bicyclogermacrene
1536.55  bornyl angelate
1640.31delta- cadinene
1062.69  camphene
1002.90delta-2- carene
1600.17  caryophyllene oxide
1512.63  citronellyl butyrate
1082.37  decane
1305.02  dihydrolinalool acetate
1701.66beta- eudesmol
1571.87  eugenyl acetate
1610.11  geranyl butyrate
1680.21  guaiol
1390.20para- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
1134.05para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
9930.22beta- myrcene
1230.14  neral
1166.08allo- ocimene
1049.05beta- ocimene
1361.65  octadecanal
1310.773- octen-1-yl acetate
2140.72  osthol
1092.36alpha- phellandrene
1104.18beta- phellandrene
10713.87beta- pinene
1220.62(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
1651.13  spathulenol
1203.45  terpinen-4-ol
1111.25alpha- terpinene
1463.70alpha- terpinyl isobutyrate
1411.39neo-iso- verbenyl acetate
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
juniperus sabina oil
180.10  cadinene
30.10  camphene
100.201,8- cineole
190.20  citronellol
130.20para- cymene
200.20  elemol
81.50  limonene
53.40  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
90.20beta- phellandrene
11.60alpha- pinene
423.50  sabinene
170.30(Z)- sabinol
1645.50(Z)- sabinyl acetate
153.10  terpinen-4-ol
70.50alpha- terpinene
111.30gamma- terpinene
120.80  terpinolene
20.90alpha- thujene
141.10beta- thujone

G. Fournier, N. Pages, C. Fournier and G. Callen, Contribution to the study of the essential oil of various cultivars of ]uniperus sabina. Planta Med., 57, 392-393 (1991).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
origanum majorana herb oil iran
232.80beta- bisabolene
3trace  camphene
140.60  camphor
203.90beta- caryophyllene
85.70para- cymene
220.20  germacrene D
210.20alpha- humulene
1826.10  linalyl acetate
62.90  myrcene
94.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.20alpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
50.50beta- pinene
167.50(Z)- piperitol
170.30(E)- piperitol
412.00  sabinene
113.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
138.70(Z)- sabinene hydrate
190.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
240.20  spathulenol
108.80gamma- terpinene
156.50alpha- terpineol
122.00  terpinolene
10.60alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 76, (2001)
salvia lavandulifolia spp. vellerea oil spain
In 1993, Fournier et al. used GC and GC/MS to analyze eight commercial samples of Spanish sage oil. The components identified in seven of these oils were shown. The other oil, which probably originated from S. lavandulaefolia ssp. vellerea, was found to possess the following composition:
200.8  borneol
151.1  bornyl acetate
35.7  camphene
1233.1  camphor
160.8beta- caryophyllene
230.2  caryophyllene oxide
815.21,8- cineole
101.1para- cymene
220.2  geraniol
74.1  limonene
131.6  linalool
141.1  linalyl acetate
61.6  myrcene
24.5alpha- pinene
43.1beta- pinene
51.1  sabinene
1812.8(Z)- sabinyl acetate
170.5  terpinen-4-ol
90.1gamma- terpinene
190.4alpha- terpineol
110.1  terpinolene
215.8alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.1alpha- thujene

G. Fournier, N. Pages and I. Cosperic, Contribution to the study of Salvia Lavandulifolia essential oil: potential toxicity attributable to sabinyl acetate. Planta Med., 59, 96-97 (1993).

N. Pages, G. Fournier, V. Velut and C. Imberk, Potential teratogenicity in mice of the essential oil of Salvia lavandulifolia Vahl., Study of a fraction rich in sabinyl acetate. Phytother. Res., 6(2), 80-83 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil
In 1983 Cordoba Rodriguez examined the chemical composition of Spanish sage oil produced from more than 30 collections of plants from different areas in Spain. She determined that the oils possessed the following compositional range:
420.0-0.2  aromadendrene
430.0-0.4allo- aromadendrene
380.0-0.8(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
450.0-0.2beta- bisabolene
231.5-6.4  borneol
240.2-1.9iso borneol
330.8-4.9  bornyl acetate
44.6-10.6  camphene
1912.9-36.1  camphor
200.0-0.3  carvone
400.2-3.7beta- caryophyllene
390.0-0.8iso caryophyllene
460.0-0.1  caryophyllene oxide
1812.0-40.31,8- cineole
360.0-0.1alpha- copaene
350.0-0.2alpha- cubebene
440.1-0.9ar- curcumene
100.4-2.1para- cymene
170.0-0.4alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
290.1-0.7  geraniol
320.1-0.2  geranyl acetate
370.0-0.2alpha- gurjunene
410.0-1.0alpha- humulene
112.4-5.0  limonene
220.2-11.2  linalool
300.1-5.8  linalyl acetate
71.0-4.9  myrcene
280.0-0.6  nerol
310.1  neryl acetate
130.0-0.4(E)-beta- ocimene
120.0-2.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.0-0.2alpha- phellandrene
34.7-10.9alpha- pinene
63.3-7.3beta- pinene
50.6-2.2  sabinene
210.1-0.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.1-6.6(Z)- sabinyl acetate
250.2-0.8  terpinen-4-ol
90.0-0.1alpha- terpinene
140.0-0.7gamma- terpinene
270.1-1.9alpha- terpineol
260.0-0.7delta- terpineol
150.0-0.3  terpinolene
20.2-0.5alpha- thujene
10.0-0.5  tricyclene

M. de los Angelos Cordoba Rodriguez, Contribucion al estudio del Aceite Esencial de Salvia Espanola (salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.). PhD thesis, Univ. Complutense, Madrid, Spain (1983).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

wormwood oil america
In 1993, Tucker et al. analyzed a commercial sample of wormwood oil by GC and GC/MS. The oil was found to possess the following composition:
201.44beta- caryophyllene
300.11  chamazulene
100.621,8- cineole
120.28para- cymene
170.85(Z)- epoxyocimene
30.18alpha- fenchene
290.14  geraniol
282.08  geranyl propionate
241.72  germacrene D
140.39(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
220.71  lavandulol
191.81  lavandulyl acetate
90.21  limonene
181.74  linalool
10.24(Z)-2- methyl-3-methylene-hept-5-ene
61.32  myrcene
270.37  nerol
261.44  neryl isobutyrate
70.35alpha- phellandrene
20.69alpha- pinene
40.19beta- pinene
52.91  sabinene
232.70(Z)- sabinol
2132.75(Z)- sabinyl acetate
80.16alpha- terpinene
110.41gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene
153.42alpha- thujone
1633.11beta- thujone

O. Tucker, M. J. Maciarello and G. Sturtz, The essential oils of Artemisia "Powis Castle" and its putative parents A. absinthum and A. arborescens. J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 239-242 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

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