dextro-limonene
D-limonene
 
Notes:
Major constit. of oil of orange rind, dill oil, oil of cumin, bergamot, caraway, lemon balm and lemon. Obt. comly. from orange oil on a large scale (ca. 50000 T/a). Flavouring agent. Nutriceutical with anticancer props.
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      D Limonene
      D Limonene Deodourised
      D Limonene Redistilled
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      D’Limonene
      D’Limonene Redistilled
       
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      D-LIMONENE
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Societą con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
      Linkedin
      Youtube
      RSS Feed
      ECSA Trade
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      D-Limonene, Natural
       
  • Elixens America
    • Elixens America, Inc.
      Sharing What Nature Inspires
      US affiliate supplying Conventional and Certified Organic Essential Oils since 1998; specializing in French Essential Oils.
      Elixens America, Inc. has been supplying bulk Essential Oils to the Flavor & Fragrance Industry since 1998. We are the US affiliate of ELIXENS SA (Paris, France) and are your direct contact for bulk Essential Oils in North America. Our specialties are Lavandin and Lavender Essential Oils originating from the Provence Region of France as we have long-term partnerships with growers and farmers from the area. Our catalogue of items range from about 150 to 200 different Essential Oils depending on availability and crop season. In addition to our group’s production we also import various Essential Oils directly from source from around the world.
      Email: Jean-Pascal Abdelli (France)
      US Email: Adam Roman
      Email: Barbara Keen (UK)
      Voice: 33 (0) 1 34 48 57 57
      Fax: 33 (0) 1 34 64 94 27
      US Voice: 1.732.388.3555
      US Fax: 1.732.388.3565
      Cell1.201.674.3603
      Facebook
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      Information and News
      Product(s):
      D-Limonene (Orange Distilled) Brazil 100% Pure and Natural
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Limonene; D-
      d-Limonene
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      dextro-limonene natural
      dextro-limonene
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      HLW-FC007 D-limonene
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      LIMONENE DEXTRO
       
  • Nectar Lifesciences
    • Nectar Life Sciences Ltd.
      Customer First: Deliver quality products & services by adopting best practices.
      To alleviate human suffering with excellent global quality and affordable medicines.
      Nectar Lifesciences Ltd. (NLL) is a knowledge driven organization which constitutes a vital part of fast growing Indian Pharmaceutical Industry. In a short span of existence, NLL has today emerged as 365 ranked organization amongst the top 500 Indian Corporates & is currently among top 25 fore runners of the Indian Pharmaceutical industry with a top 5 ranking in the Indian Bulk Drug Industry from a stand alone Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API Manufacture) perspective.
      Email: Jatin Sabharwal
      Voice: +91172-3047777
      Fax: +91172-3047755
      MARKETING OFFICE: MUMBAI+9122-32060171
      MARKETING OFFICE: MUMBAI+9122-26736793
      Jatin Sabharwal Skype Skype
      Media Gallery
      Investor Relations
      Green Tech
      Product(s):
      Dextro-limonene
       
  • Penta International
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Google+
      Youtube
      Resources
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      3CQ00276 D-Limonene
      Blends-well-with - Citrus-notes Gums
       
       
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      Product(s):
      Limonene, D-
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      New Catalog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      D-LIMONENE > 98
      DISTILLED ORANGE LIMONENE > 93; MYRCENE > 0,5
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      Facebook
      Twitter
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      Linkedin
      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W263303 (R)-(+)-Limonene, ≥93%
      SDS
       
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      News
      Product(s):
      D-LIMONENE P&F FCC
       
  • Symrise
    • Symrise AG
      Always Insiring More
      Symrise aroma molecules & cosmetic ingredients for unique and innovative fragrances, flavors and cosmetics.
      We are globally recognized as a leading provider of fragrances, flavors and active ingredients as well as aroma chemicals for the perfume, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries. We combine our knowledge about consumers’ ever- changing needs with creativity and ground-breaking technologies. In doing so, we concentrate on the development of solutions that provide our customers with added value. We ensure sustained value creation by allowing our employees and shareholders to share our Company’s success.
      US Email: Life Essentials
      Email: Aroma Molecules
      Voice: +49 5531 90 0
      Twitter
      Youtube
      Newsroom
      RSS Feed
      Product(s):
      614018 Limonene D pure

      Useful in: mint, savory vegetable, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others.
       
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      D-Limonene
       
  • The Good Scents Company
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      D’Limonene
      SDS
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
      Facebook
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      D'Limonene, P & F
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      D-Limonene Natural
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
      Facebook
      Twitter
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      Blog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      500217 Limonene Dextro Redistilled (99%)
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene (Click)
CAS Number: 5989-27-5Picture of molecule
Other: 7705-13-7
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 227-813-5
FDA UNII: GFD7C86Q1W
Nikkaji Web: J2.532A
MDL: MFCD00062991
CoE Number: 491
XlogP3-AA: 3.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.23752000
Formula: C10 H16
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
(4R)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene (Click)
CAS Number: 58555-74-1Picture of molecule
FDA UNII: GFD7C86Q1W
Nikkaji Web: J9.591E
XlogP3-AA: 3.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.23752000
Formula: C10 H16
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: According to the JECFA: Min. assay value is 96 % (sum of d/l isomers) and Compounds present above 0.5 %: linalool, myrcene. Composition of mixture to be specified. According to the JECFA: Min. assay value is 96 % (sum of d/l isomers) and Compounds present above 0.5 %: linalool, myrcene. In commerce d-Limonene is defined as 90-93 % d-isomer and 2-6 % l-iso
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1326  D-limonene
Flavis Number: 01.045 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.045  D-limonene
FEMA Number: 2633  D-limonene
FDA Mainterm: D-LIMONENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.60 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.83800 to 0.84300 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.973 to  7.015
Specific Gravity: 0.83700 to 0.84500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 6.965 to 7.031
Refractive Index: 1.47100 to 1.47700 @  20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: +87.00 to +102.00
Melting Point: -96.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 175.00 to  177.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 5.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.198000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 4.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 117.00 °F. TCC ( 47.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.570
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light. store under nitrogen.
Storage: store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 kerosene
 paraffin oil
 water, 13.8 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 propylene glycol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength: medium
 citrus  orange  fresh  sweet  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
citrus orange fresh sweet
Luebke, William tgsc, (1988)
 sweet  citrus  peely  
Odor Description:
Sweet, citrus and peely
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 19, No. 3, 51, (1994)
 sweet  orange  citrus  terpenic  
Taste Description:
at 30.00 ppm.  
Sweet, orange, citrus and terpy
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 19, No. 3, 51, (1994)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aroma Aromatics & Flavours
D-Limonene
Artiste
D’Limonene Natural
Astral Extracts
D-Limonene
Augustus Oils
D Limonene Deodourised
Services
Augustus Oils
D Limonene Redistilled
Augustus Oils
D Limonene
Aurochemicals
D-LIMONENE, Natural
Berjé
D’Limonene Redistilled
Happening at Berje
Berjé
D’Limonene
CG Herbals
D-Limonene
Charkit Chemical
D-LIMONENE
Citrus and Allied Essences
D'Limonene (high purity, low odor)
Market Report
Citrus and Allied Essences
D'Limonene
Creatingperfume.com
Limonen Dextro Re distilled 50%
Diffusions Aromatiques
D LIMONENE RECTIFIE
Diffusions Aromatiques
D LIMONENE
ECSA Chemicals
D-Limonene, Natural
Company Profile
Elixens America
D-Limonene (Orange Distilled) Brazil
100% Pure and Natural
Ernesto Ventós
LIMONENE-D NATURAL
Odor: ORANGE, FRESH, SWEET, CITRIC
Ernesto Ventós
LIMONENE-D RECTIFIED NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, SMOOTH
Excellentia International
d-Limonene
Excellentia International
Limonene; D-
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
R-(+)-Limonene (GC) ≥99% (sum of enantiomers)
EZClean
Orange D'Limonene Food Grade 1
EZClean
Orange D'Limonene Food Grade 5
EZClean
Orange D'limonene Food Grade 55
EZClean
Orange D'Limonene High Purity 1
EZClean
Orange D'limonene High Purity 5
EZClean
Orange D'limonene High Purity 55
EZClean
Orange D'Limonene Technical Grade
Fleurchem
dextro-limonene natural
Fleurchem
dextro-limonene
Florida Chemical
d-Limonene
Technical Grade, Food Grade, Lemon-Lime Grade, Ultra High Purity Food Grade (low odor)
Fuzhou Farwell
D-Limonene
George Uhe Company
D'Limonene
Available in FCC and from Various Origins
Global Essence
d-Limonene (97% Distilled Limonene)
Global Essence
d-Limonene High Purity Stabilized/Protected
Graham Chemical
D-Limonene
Indenta Group
D-Limonene
Indukern F&F
D-LIMONENE EX-LEMON NATURAL
CROP CALENDAR
Indukern F&F
D-LIMONENE RECTIFIED NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, SWEET, ORANGE
Indukern F&F
D-LIMONENE
Jiangyin Healthway
D-limonene
New functional food ingredients
Lluch Essence
LIMONENE DEXTRO
Mentha & Allied Products
D-Limonene Food Grade
Nectar Lifesciences
Dextro-limonene
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
d-Limonene 93% up
Penta International
D-LIMONENE HIGH PURITY LOW ODOR, Kosher
Penta International
D-LIMONENE NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
D-LIMONENE, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
D-Limonene
Odor: harsh terpene citrusy fruity orange berry tarty Fresh light and sweet citrusy odor with strong resemblance to Orange peel oil
Use: Blends-well-with - Citrus-notes Gums
Perfumery Laboratory
D-limonene / orange terpene (D-LIMONENE)
Odor: orange peel
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Limonene, D-
Prodasynth
D-LIMONENE > 98
Odor: CITRUS, SMOOTH
Prodasynth
DISTILLED ORANGE
LIMONENE > 93; MYRCENE > 0,5
Odor: ORANGE, FRESH, SWEET, CITRIC
Reincke & Fichtner
D-Limonene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
D=Limonene
Renessenz (Symris)
D-Limonene 99% Min.
Odor: Citrus, Fruity
Use: Used in a wide variety of flavor and fragrance applications.
Sigma-Aldrich
(R)-(+)-Limonene, ≥93%
Odor: lemon; orange; citrus; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
SRS Aromatics
D-LIMONENE P&F FCC
Symrise
Limonene D pure
Odor: citric, lively, nuances of tangerine, celery and lemon oil
Flavor: citrus, fruity, orange, berry flavor, tar-like
Useful in: mint, savory vegetable, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others.
Taytonn
D-Limonene
The Good Scents Company
dextro-limonene
Odor: citrus orange fresh sweet
The John D. Walsh Company
D’Limonene
The Lermond Company
D'Limonene, P & F
The Perfumers Apprentice
Limonene D
Odor: citrus orange fresh sweet
Use: Used in citrus fragrances to give lift and freshness. Combines very well with any other citrus notes.
Treatt
D-Limonene Natural
Vigon International
Limonene Dextro Redistilled (99%)
Zanos
D-Limonene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi N - Irritant, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Aspiration hazard (Category 1), H304
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H400
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H410
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexploding-bomb.jpgexclamation-mark.jpghealth-hazard.jpgenvironment.jpg
 
Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H304 - May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life
H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P272 - Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P310 - IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P331 - Do NOT induce vomiting.
P333 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P391 - Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  [sex: M] > 5000 mg/kg
Identity of compound not stated as other than code number
(Moreno, 1972m)

oral-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] M:4400 F:5100 mg/kg
Study is on dogs, rats not mentioned in English text. Study in Japanese
(Tsuji et al., 1975a)

oral-mouse LD50  [sex: M,F] M:5600 F:6600 mg/kg
Study is on dogs, mice not mentioned in English text. Study in Japanese
(Tsuji et al., 1975a)

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  600 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX)
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 8, Pg. 1439, 1974.

oral-mouse LD50  5600 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 9, Pg. 387, 1975.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  3600 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 9, Pg. 387, 1975.

intravenous-rat LD50  110 mg/kg
SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 9, Pg. 387, 1975.

oral-rat LD50  4400 mg/kg
SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 9, Pg. 387, 1975.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 825, 1975.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 3170 mg/kg
PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE
Sapporo Igaku Zasshi. Sapporo Medical Journal. Vol. 3, Pg. 73, 1952.

skin-mammal (species unspecified) LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 703, 1974.

subcutaneous-rat LDLo 30200 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 9, Pg. 387, 1975.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA Other Specification: < 20 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 d-, l-and dl-Limonene and natural products containing substantial amounts of it, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practical level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 20 millimoles peroxides per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for dextro-limonene usage levels up to:
  20.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 34000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 12726.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -120.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -31.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -2300.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -68.00000
fruit ices: -68.00000
gelatins / puddings: 48.00000400.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -49.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aliphatic and aromatic terpene hydrocarbons used as flavour ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf
Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance terpenoid blend QRD-460
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
Outcome of the consultation with Member States, the applicant and EFSA on the pesticide risk assessment for orange oil in light of confirmatory data
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA-Iris: IRIS
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 5989-27-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 22311
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WISER: UN 2319
WGK Germany: 2
 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
Chemidplus: 0005989275
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 5989-27-5
 (4R)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
Chemidplus: 0058555741
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
Leffingwell: chirality
 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 5989-27-5
Pubchem (cid): 22311
Pubchem (sid): 135017143
Flavornet: 5989-27-5
Pherobase: View
 (4R)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 58555-74-1
Pubchem (cid): 440917
Pubchem (sid): 135192466
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06078
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB04321
FooDB: FDB014297
Export Tariff Code: 2902.19.0050
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•equine leg paint contains 1.0% wtvol turpentine: a medium strength solution for use when counterirritant-stimulant action falling between stimulating liniment and blistering ointment is desired. •typical composition from usa southern pine: from 1) gum - 60 to 65% alpha-pinene, 25-35% beta-pinene, and 5-8% other terpenes; 2) wood- 75 to 80% alpha-pinene, 0-2% beta-pinene, 4-8% camphene, and 15-20% other terpenes; 3) sulfate- 60 to 70% alpha-pinene, 20-25% beta-pinene, and 6-12% other terpenes. •turpentine includes mainly c10-terpenes, especially alpha-pinene and beta-pinene, and is typical of the volatile oil portions of various oleoresins.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
aldehydic
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
3-methyl-4-heptyl oxybutyraldehydeFR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
balsamic
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel extractFL/FR
 citrus reticulata blanco var. tangerine oilFL/FR
(E)-4-decenalFL/FR
(Z)-4-decenalFL/FR
4-decenalFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 dodecane nitrileFR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded floridaFL/FR
 grapefruit pentanolFR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil terpenesFL/FR
 lime oil distilled foldedFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 lime oil expressed foldedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reducedFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
clementine mandarin fragranceFR
 mandarin oilFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
(+)-nootkatoneFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
 octanal glycol acetalFR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
alpha-sinensalFL/FR
beta-sinensalFL/FR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
 tangerine oil californiaFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenolFR
 valenceneFL/FR
 decanolFL/FR
floral
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 hyacinth etherFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
beta-naphthyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
green
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
herbal
 cardamom liquid resinFR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
(E)-2-dodecenalFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 nopyl acetateFR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
minty
 wintergreen oilFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
spicy
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
terpenic
 cypress leaf oilFR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
alpha-phellandreneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
waxy
3-decanoneFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
 octanolFL/FR
woody
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 woody acetateFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
3-decanoneFL/FR
4-decenalFL/FR
alpha-sinensalFL/FR
beta-sinensalFL/FR
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
balsamic
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
berry
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citrus enhancerFL
 citrus paradisi peel extractFL/FR
 citrus reticulata blanco var. tangerine oilFL/FR
 curacao flavorFL
(Z)-4-decenalFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded floridaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil terpenesFL/FR
 lime oil distilled foldedFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 lime oil expressed foldedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reducedFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 mandarin oilFL/FR
beta-naphthyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
(+)-nootkatoneFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
 tangerine oil californiaFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
 valenceneFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
fatty
2,4-decadienalFL
(E)-2-dodecenalFL/FR
floral
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
green
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
minty
 wintergreen oilFL/FR
ripe
(E)-4-decenalFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
spicy
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
terpenic
alpha-phellandreneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 decanolFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
 octanolFL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
woody
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 bananaFR
 bergamotFR
 bubble gumFR
 carawayFL/FR
 carrotFL
 celeryFL/FR
 cherryFR
 citrusFR
 coffeeFR
 colaFL
 dillFL/FR
 elemiFL/FR
 erigeron 
 evergreenFR
 floralFR
 fruit juicy fruit 
 grapefruitFR
 grenadineFL
 herbalFR
 lemonFR
 limeFR
 lotusFR
 mandarinFR
 mintFR
 neroliFR
 nutmegFR
 orangeFR
 petitgrain lemonFL/FR
 pineappleFR
 raspberryFR
 sassafrasFR
 spearmintFR
 spiceFR
 valerianFL/FR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 anise star anise seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ 26.0%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 caraway seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 dill
Search Trop  Picture
 dill oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava oil
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lime
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary plant
Search Trop  Picture
 tea tree oil australia @ 0.51%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 carvene
D-citrene
(+)-limonene
(+)-(4R)-limonene
(+)-alpha-limonene
(+)-R-limonene
(4R)-(+)-limonene
(R)-(+)-limonene
citrus D-limonene
D-limonene
D'limonene
D’limonene
D'limonene (high purity, low odor)
D-limonene citreatt
 limonene D pure
 limonene dextro redistilled
D-limonene high purity low odor
D-limonene natural
D’limonene natural
dextro-limonene natural
D-limonene P&F
 limonene R+ SP natural
 limonene R+ ST
D-limonene Rectified
dextro-limonene redistilled
(+)-p-mentha-1,8-diene
(+)-para-mentha-1,8-diene
(R)-(+)-para-mentha-1,8-diene
D-para-mentha-1,8-diene
dextro-para-mentha-1,8-diene
(+)-1,8-para-menthadiene
1,8 9-p-menthadiene
1,8 9-para-menthadiene
(R)-1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethenyl) cyclohexene
(R)-1-methyl-4-(1-methyl vinyl) cyclohexene
(R)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)cyclohexene
(R)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene
(R)-1-methyl-4-isopropenyl-1-cyclohexene
(4R)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
(+)-4-isopropenyl-1-methyl cyclohexene
4-isopropenyl-1-methyl cyclohexene
(+)-4-isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene
4-isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene
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Articles:
Info: Limonene
PubMed: Stability of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) essential oil in microcapsules made of whey protein isolate, guar gum, and carrageenan.
PubMed: Biogas production from citrus waste by membrane bioreactor.
PubMed: Performance of semi-continuous membrane bioreactor in biogas production from toxic feedstock containing D-Limonene.
PubMed: Preparation and stabilization of D-limonene Pickering emulsions by cellulose nanocrystals.
PubMed: Synergistic inhibitory effect of berberine and d-limonene on human gastric carcinoma cell line MGC803.
PubMed: Comparison of lipids, fatty acids and volatile compounds of various kumquat species using HS/GC/MS/FID techniques.
PubMed: Effect of second cooling on the chemical components of essential oils from orange peel (Citrus sinensis).
PubMed: Evaluation of bioactive components and antioxidant and anticancer properties of citrus wastes generated during bioethanol production.
PubMed: Chemical characterization of Brickellia cavanillesii (Asteraceae) using gas chromatographic methods.
PubMed: Effects of nisin on the antimicrobial activity of d-limonene and its nanoemulsion.
PubMed: Healing actions of essential oils from Citrus aurantium and d-limonene in the gastric mucosa: the roles of VEGF, PCNA, and COX-2 in cell proliferation.
PubMed: A high-performance recycling solution for polystyrene achieved by the synthesis of renewable poly(thioether) networks derived from D-limonene.
PubMed: Entrapment of a volatile lipophilic aroma compound (d-limonene) in spray dried water-washed oil bodies naturally derived from sunflower seeds (Helianthus annus).
PubMed: Emulsification properties of a novel hydrocolloid (Angum gum) for d-limonene droplets compared with Arabic gum.
PubMed: Antimicrobial Potential and Chemical Characterization of Serbian Liverwort (Porella arboris-vitae): SEM and TEM Observations.
PubMed: Identification of characteristic flavour precursors from enzymatic hydrolysis-mild thermal oxidation tallow by descriptive sensory analysis and gas chromatography-olfactometry and partial least squares regression.
PubMed: Release behavior and stability of encapsulated D-limonene from emulsion-based edible films.
PubMed: Lack of effect of feeding citrus by-products in reducing salmonella in experimentally infected weanling pigs.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of wild citrus Mangshanyegan (Citrus nobilis Lauriro) peel oil.
PubMed: High-oil-load encapsulation of medium-chain triglycerides and D-limonene mixture in modified starch by spray drying.
PubMed: Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of the essential oil of Illicium pachyphyllum fruits against two grain storage insects.
PubMed: Process optimization and stability of D-limonene-in-water nanoemulsions prepared by ultrasonic emulsification using response surface methodology.
PubMed: NTP technical report on the toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of beta-myrcene (CAS No. 123-35-3) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice (Gavage studies).
PubMed: Optimization of the RNA extraction method for transcriptome studies of Salmonella inoculated on commercial raw chicken breast samples.
PubMed: Toxicity of Schizonpeta multifida essential oil and its constituent compounds towards two grain storage insects.
PubMed: Adipose tissue accumulation of d-limonene with the consumption of a lemonade preparation rich in d-limonene content.
PubMed: Fragrance mix reactions and lime allergic contact dermatitis.
PubMed: Effect of feed liquid temperature on the structural morphologies of d-limonene microencapsulated powder and its preservation.
PubMed: An attempt towards simultaneous biobased solvent based extraction of proteins and enzymatic saccharification of cellulosic materials from distiller's grains and solubles.
PubMed: Ciprofloxacin-sensitive and ciprofloxacin-resistant Campylobacter jejuni are equally susceptible to natural orange oil-based antimicrobials.
PubMed: Enhanced stabilization of cloudy emulsions with gum Arabic and whey protein isolate.
PubMed: Mandarin peel wastes pretreatment with steam explosion for bioethanol production.
PubMed: Insulin secretagogue bioactivity of finger citron fruit (Citrus medica L. var. Sarcodactylis Hort, Rutaceae).
PubMed: Orange essential oils antimicrobial activities against Salmonella spp.
PubMed: Campylobacter and Arcobacter species sensitivity to commercial orange oil fractions.
PubMed: Bioequivalence evaluation of two D-limonene capsule formulations in healthy Chinese volunteers.
PubMed: Odour of limonene affects feeding behaviour in the blowfly, Phormia regina.
PubMed: Influence of different extraction parameters on a solid-phase dynamic extraction for the gas chromatographic determination of d-limonene degradation products by using a fractional factorial design.
PubMed: D-Limonene: safety and clinical applications.
PubMed: Experiential effects of appetitive and nonappetitive odors on feeding behavior in the blowfly, Phormia regina: a putative role for tyramine in appetite regulation.
PubMed: Bioactive compounds of grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Cv. Rio Red) respond differently to postharvest irradiation, storage, and freeze drying.
PubMed: Study on the transfer of components of Aetheroleum carvi and Aetheroleum foeniculi oils.
PubMed: An overview of polylactides as packaging materials.
PubMed: Studies of the isoprenoid-mediated inhibition of mevalonate synthesis applied to cancer chemotherapy and chemoprevention.
PubMed: Differences in the volatile components and their odor characteristics of green and ripe fruits and dried pericarp of Japanese pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum DC.).
PubMed: Effect of water activity on the release characteristics and oxidative stability of D-limonene encapsulated by spray drying.
PubMed: Effect of d-limonene on three stored-product beetles.
PubMed: Composition, quality control, and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of long-time stored dill (Anethum graveolens L.) seeds from Bulgaria.
PubMed: Release characteristics of flavor from spray-dried powder in boiling water and during rice cooking.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of terpene chlorohydrins found in cold-pressed orange oil.
PubMed: Development of a questionnaire and a database for assessing dietary d-limonene intake.
PubMed: Effects of pulsed electric field processing and storage on the quality and stability of single-strength orange juice.
PubMed: Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from newly hybrid citrus, dekopon (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.).
PubMed: Weight-loss drugs and supplements: are there safer alternatives?
PubMed: Food aroma partition between packaging materials and fatty food simulants.
PubMed: Permeation of oxygen, water vapor, and limonene through printed and unprinted biaxially oriented polypropylene films.
PubMed: Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), AraƧa-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and CupuaƧu (Theobroma grandiflorum).
PubMed: Effect of sorbed oil on food aroma loss through packaging materials.
PubMed: Evaluation of potential disinfectants for preslaughter broiler crop decontamination.
PubMed: Estimation of toxicity of chemical mixtures through modeling of chemical interactions.
PubMed: Effects of dietary anticarcinogens on rat gastrointestinal glutathione S-transferase theta 1-1 levels.
PubMed: Effects of dietary anticarcinogens on rat gastrointestinal glutathione peroxidase activity.
PubMed: Evaluation, modelling and optimization of the cleaning process of contaminated plastic food refillables.
PubMed: In vitro inhibition of CYP2B1 monooxygenase by beta-myrcene and other monoterpenoid compounds.
PubMed: Toxicity of mixtures of nephrotoxicants with similar or dissimilar mode of action.
PubMed: Epigenetic carcinogens: evaluation and risk assessment.
PubMed: Pharmacokinetics of active drug metabolites after oral administration of perillyl alcohol, an investigational antineoplastic agent, to the dog.
PubMed: Risk assessment of d-limonene: an example of male rat-specific renal tumorigens.
PubMed: Effects of D-limonene on hepatic microsomal monooxygenase activity and paracetamol-induced glutathione depletion in mouse.
PubMed: Subacute (4-wk) oral toxicity of a combination of four nephrotoxins in rats: comparison with the toxicity of the individual compounds.
PubMed: d-Limonene.
PubMed: Acute (24 hr) toxicity of a combination of four nephrotoxicants in rats compared with the toxicity of the individual compounds.
PubMed: Benzaldehyde, citral, and d-limonene flavor perception in the presence of casein and whey proteins.
PubMed: The human relevance of the renal tumor-inducing potential of d-limonene in male rats: implications for risk assessment.
PubMed: Assessment of the subchronic oral toxicity of d-limonene in dogs.
PubMed: Inhibition of carcinogenesis by minor anutrient constituents of the diet.
PubMed: NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of d-Limonene (CAS No. 5989-27-5) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed: Acute and subchronic nephrotoxicity of d-limonene in Fischer 344 rats.
PubMed: Review of kidney sections from a subchronic d-limonene oral dosing study conducted by the National Cancer Institute.
PubMed: Comparison of short-term renal effects due to oral administration of decalin or d-limonene in young adult male Fischer-344 rats.
PubMed: Modulation of immune responses in mice by d-limonene.
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