EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

citronella oil
essential oil obtained from the herbs of the plant, cymbopogon winterianus, gramineae

Supplier Sponsors

Name:cymbopogon winterianus jowitt oil
CAS Number: 8000-29-1
ECHA EC Number:289-753-6
Also Contains:cymbopogon nardus rendle herb extract
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
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PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2308 citronella oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow to dark yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.85000 to 0.92000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.073 to 7.655
Refractive Index:1.43000 to 1.52000 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-7.00 to +7.00
Boiling Point: 215.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.100000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 175.00 °F. TCC ( 79.44 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 38.94 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:28 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh sweet citronella weedy woody
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. fresh sweet geraniol weedy woody
Flavor Type: citrus
citronella
Taste Description: citronella
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Absolute Cosmetic Essentials
Citronella Oil
Absolute Cosmetic Essentials
Organic Citronella
Aceto
Citronella Oil
Ambles Nature et Chimie
CITRONELLE
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
Citronella Oil
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
Organic Citronella Oil
Arora Aromatics
Citronella Oil
ASIA IMPORT AND EXPORT
Citronella Oil Vietnam
Odor: characteristic odor of citronella
Berjé
Organic Citronella Oil
Happening at Berje
Blue Pacific Flavors
Citronella Oil
Bontoux
CITRONELLA ESSENTIAL OIL
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Citronella essential oil, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Slightly sweet, powerful and lemony scent. Its most useful quality seems to be as an insect repellant and may also help pets get rid of fleas. Also known to clear the mind, may be useful for headaches and migraines. Its deodorant and stimulating properties always refresh sweaty tired feet. Blends well with citrus oils, cedarwood, eucalyptus, peppermint, and eucalyptus.
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Citronella essential oil
Diffusions Aromatiques
CITRONNELLE HUILE ESSENTIELLE BIO
Elixens America
Citronella Oil Sri Lanka
Certified Organic
Foreverest Resources
Citronella Oil 85%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Citronella oil, member of a class of naturally occurring organic substances called terpenes, which is obtained from the leaves of the oil grasses Cymbopogon nardus and C.winterianus. As the wide range of uses, Citronella oil is mindly used for medicines to perfumes for soaps. Two derivatives of citronella oil include the alcohol citronellol and the aldehyde citronellal.
Frey + Lau
Citronella Oil
Fuzhou Farwell
Citronella Oil(35%/85%)
Global Essence
Citronella Oil
Indenta Group
Citronella Oil
India Essential Oils
Citronella Oil
Indo World Trading
Citronella Herb Oil
Indukern F&F
CITRONELLA OIL
Odor: FRESH, SWEET, GERANIUM, WOODY
Jiangyin Healthway
Citronella Oil
New functional food ingredients
Kunshan Sainty
Citronella Oil
Liberty Natural Products
CITRONELLA INDIA
Liberty Natural Products
CITRONELLA INDONESIA
M&U International
Citronella Oil, Kosher
Natural & Essential Oils
Citronella Oil
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Citronella Oil (all Grades)
OQEMA
Citronella Oil
Payand Betrand
Citronella oil fractions (Citronellal) France
Payand Betrand
Citronella oil fractions (Rhodinol) France
Pearlchem Corporation
Citronella Oil 85/35%
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Citronella Oil
Prinova
Citronella Oil Natural
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Citronella Oil
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Organic Citronella Oil
Reincke & Fichtner
Citronella Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Citronella Oil
Robertet
CITRONNELLA
Pure & Nat
Silver Fern Chemical
Citronella Oil
SRS Aromatics
CITRONELLA OIL IRON FREE
Sunaux International
Citronella Oil
Synthite Industries
CITRONELLA EO
India
Odor: Strong Dry Grassy Limoney
Use: A hardy grass, Citronella is native to Sri Lanka and Java. This aromatic oil is used in perfumes, soaps, skin lotions and deodorants, etc. This essential oil has a woody, grassy and lemony fragrance. Citronella oil clears the mind and tones the body Its constituents - citronellal and geraniol are widely used as perfume building blocks. Synthite caters to diverse needs across the world. Blends well with Bergamot, Geranium, Lemon, Orange, Lavender, Pine
E-books and Brochures
The Perfumers Apprentice
Citronella (Brazil) J.Steele
Ultra International
Citronella Oil Indonesia
Crop Calendar
Vigon International
Citronella Oil
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 37/38 - Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 51/53 - Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 7200 mg/kg
Pharmazie. Vol. 14, Pg. 435, 1959.

oral-mouse LD50 4600 mg/kg
Tokishikoroji Foramu. Toxicology Forum. Vol. 8, Pg. 91, 1985.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 713 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: PTOSIS: EYE BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. Vol. 9, Pg. 515, 1971.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 4700 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 1067, 1973.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
geraniol Max. Found: <25.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
methyl eugenol Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Potential carcinogenic activity in animals
farnesol Max. Found: <1.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
citronellol Max. Found: <14.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
eugenol Max. Found: <3.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for citronella oil usage levels up to:
  3.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -21.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -17.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -26.00000
fruit ices: -26.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -25.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance plant oils/citronella oil
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8000-29-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
cymbopogon winterianus jowitt oil
Chemidplus:0008000291
RTECS:GE8750000 for cas# 8000-29-1
 
References:
 cymbopogon winterianus jowitt oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8000-29-1
Pubchem (sid):135289152
 
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.5011
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
citrus carbaldehyde
FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
sclareol
FL/FR
camphoreous
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
citronella
4,8-
dimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citronella fragrance
FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
citronella oil china
FR
citronella oil java
FR
citronella oil java replacer
FR
citronella oil terpenes
FR
citronella oil zimbabwe
FR
citronellone
FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit pentanol
FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
melissa absolute replacer
FL/FR
melissa oil replacer
FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
3-
methyl-4-(2-methyl butyl oxy) butyraldehyde
FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
tetrahydromyrcenol
FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
(R)-(+)-beta-
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal residue
FR
leerall
FR
lilyall
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
green
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-
methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzene
FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
3,5,5-
trimethyl hexanol
FL/FR
herbal
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
eucalyptus citriodora oil
FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
thymol
FL/FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myrcene
FR
terpenic
cypress leaf oil
FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
woody
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
santall
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
(R)-(+)-beta-
citronellol
FL/FR
melissa absolute replacer
FL/FR
melissa oil
FL
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
balsamic
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
cooling
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
grassy
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
3,4-
dimethoxystyrene
FL
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
3,5,5-
trimethyl hexanol
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
minty
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
phenolic
thymol
FL/FR
spicy
benzylidene acetone
FL
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
terpenic
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sclareol
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRabronia
FRagrumen aldehyde
FRaldehydic
FRalmond
FRash mountain ash berry
FRbouquet
FRcalamus oil replacer
FRcedrat
FRcitronella
FRcitrus
FRcologne
FRcolonia
FRcuracao
FRfloral
FRfresh and clean
 grass
FRgreen
FRherbal
 huntsman's nosegay
FRlemon
FRlemongrass
FRlime
FL/FRlitsea cubeba
FRmint
 navy's nosegay
FRpassion fruit
FRpetitgrain
FRpine forest
FRreseda
FRspice
FLtea lemon tea
FRverbena
 wet fields
FRwindsor soap
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 cymbopogon winterianus
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 citronella essential oil
 citronella herb oil
 citronella oil
organic citronella oil
 citronella oil natural
 citronella oil, organic
 cymbopogon winterianus jowitt oil
 essential oil obtained from the herbs of the plant, cymbopogon winterianus, gramineae
 organic citronella oil natural
 

Articles:

PubMed:Laboratory assessment of acaricidal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus, Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera extracts against deltamethrin resistant Hyalomma anatolicum.
PubMed:Repellent, irritant and toxic effects of 20 plant extracts on adults of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae mosquito.
PubMed:Acaricidal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus, Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera against synthetic pyrethroid resistant Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus.
PubMed:Molluscicidal and larvicidal activities and essential oil composition of Cymbopogon winterianus.
PubMed:Citronellal, a monoterpene present in Java citronella oil, attenuates mechanical nociception response in mice.
PubMed:Vermicomposting potentiality of Perionyx excavatus for recycling of waste biomass of Java citronella--an aromatic oil yielding plant.
PubMed:Solvent-Free Production of Bioflavors by Enzymatic Esterification of Citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus) Essential Oil.
PubMed:Action of Coriandrum sativum L. Essential Oil upon Oral Candida albicans Biofilm Formation.
PubMed:Vermicomposting of distillation waste of citronella plant (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.) employing Eudrilus eugeniae.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt ex bor against Candida albicans.
PubMed:Growth Inhibition and Morphological Alterations of Trichophyton Rubrum Induced by Essential oil from Cymbopogon Winterianus Jowitt Ex Bor.
PubMed:Assessment of antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of Cymbopogon winterianus leaf essential oil.
PubMed:Cardiovascular effects induced by Cymbopogon winterianus essential oil in rats: involvement of calcium channels and vagal pathway.
PubMed:Comparative anticonvulsant activities of the essential oils (EOs) from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt and Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. in mice.
PubMed:Hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects of citronellol, a monoterpene alcohol, in rats.
PubMed:Cellulase production by six Trichoderma spp. fermented on medicinal plant processings.
PubMed:Phythochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (Poaceae) leaf essential oil in rodents.
PubMed:Authenticity control of essential oils containing citronellal and citral by chiral and stable-isotope gas-chromatographic analysis.
PubMed:Activities of some Brazilian plants against larvae of the mosquito Aedes aegypti.
PubMed:Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plants.
PubMed:Effect of different organic manures/composts on the herbage and essential oil yield of Cymbopogon winterianus and their influence on the native AM population in a marginal alfisol.
PubMed:Repellency of volatile oils from plants against three mosquito vectors.
PubMed:Response of Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt) to toxic heavy metal cadmium.
PubMed:Biodelignification of lemon grass and citronella bagasse by white-rot fungi.
PubMed:[Chemical composition of the essential oil from melissa].
PubMed:Efficacy of some essential oils and their constituents on few ubiquitous molds.
 
Notes:
Steam distilled from the leaves of Cymbopogon Winterianus. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. cymbopogon nardus or cymbopogon winterianus, graminae.
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