EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

furfuryl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
3-[(2-furfuryl)dithio]-2-methyl-furan

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 109537-55-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
FDA UNII:46QOP2L549
Nikkaji Web:J475.299F
XlogP3-AA:2.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:226.31810000
Formula:C10 H10 O2 S2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
Register name to be changed to: 3-[(2-Furfuryl)dithio]-2-methyl-furan.
Category:flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1524 furfuryl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
FLAVIS Number:13.178 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:13.178 3-[(2-furfuryl)dithio]-2-methyl-furan
FEMA Number:4119 furfuryl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: FURFURYL 2-METHYL-3-FURYL DISULFIDE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white to pale yellow solid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.27700 to 1.28300 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 10.626 to 10.676
Refractive Index:1.58100 to 1.58700 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 122.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 398.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 3.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.003000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 269.00 °F. TCC ( 131.50 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 2.922 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, slightly
 water, 10.35 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: sulfurous
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
sulfurous meaty
Odor Description:at 0.10 % in propylene glycol. sulfurous meaty
Flavor Type: meaty
meaty
Taste Description: meaty
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Axsyn
For experimental / research use only.
Furan,3-[(2-furanylmethyl)dithio]-2-methyl-
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
3-(Furfuryldithio)-2-methylfuran 95%
Parchem
furfuryl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
Penta International
FURFURYL-2-METHYL-3-FURYL DISULFIDE, Kosher
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for furfuryl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.24 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 160 (μg/person/day)
Adequate NOAEL exists: Yes
Threshold of Concern:90 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: III
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 22
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: 0.005000.02000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 0.005000.02000
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 0.005000.02000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 0.005000.02000
snack foods: 0.005000.02000
soft candy: --
soups: 0.005000.02000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 0.400002.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 0.200001.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 0.400002.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 0.300001.50000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 0.400002.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 0.200001.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 0.400002.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 0.100000.40000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 0.100000.40000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 0.200001.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 0.400002.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 0.200001.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 0.400002.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 1.000005.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 0.200001.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 13 (FGE.13); Furfuryl and furan derivatives with and without additional side-chain substituents and heteroatoms from chemical group 14 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 13Rev1: Furfuryl and furan derivatives with and without additional side-chain substituents and heteroatoms from chemical group 14
View page or View pdf

Consideration of sulfur-substituted furan derivatives used as flavouring agents evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to a subgroup of substances within the group of “Furfuryl and furan derivatives with and without additional side-chain substituents and heteroatoms from chemical group 14” evaluated by EFSA in FGE.13Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 67 (FGE.67): Consideration of 40 furan-substituted aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and related esters, sulfides, disulfides and ethers evaluated by JECFA at the 65th meeting (JECFA, 2006b) and re-evaluated at the 69th meeting (JECFA, 2009c)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 13, Revision 2 (FGE.13Rev2): Furfuryl and furan derivatives with and without additional side-chain substituents and heteroatoms from chemical group 14
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 67, Revision 1 (FGE.67Rev.1): Consideration of 40 furan-substituted aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and related esters, sulfides, disulfides and ethers evaluated by JECFA at the 65th meeting (JECFA, 2006b) and re-evaluated at the 69th meeting (JECFA, 2009c)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :526616
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
3-(furan-2-ylmethyldisulfanyl)-2-methylfuran
Chemidplus:0109537555
 
References:
 3-(furan-2-ylmethyldisulfanyl)-2-methylfuran
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):526616
Pubchem (sid):135342197
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB32288
FooDB:FDB009456
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
EFSA Update of results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Previous report: Results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Report of the CONTAM Panel on provisional findings on furan in food:Read Report
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
alliaceous
dimethyl trisulfide
FL/FR
caramellic
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
chocolate
2,6-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
coffee
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
fresh
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
3-
mercaptohexyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-7-
methyl-3-octen-2-one
FL/FR
prunus amygdalus amara seed extract
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
green
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
meaty
meaty dithiane
FL/FR
sulfurol
FL/FR
sulfuryl acetate
FL/FR
moldy
strawberry furanone methyl ether
FL/FR
nutty
2-
ethyl-4-methyl thiazole
FL/FR
filbert heptenone
FL/FR
2,6-
lutidine
FL/FR
roasted
trigonella foenum-graecum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
smoky
2,6-
dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
sulfurous
benzothiazole
FL/FR
ethyl 2-mercaptopropionate
FL/FR
fish thiol
FL/FR
furfuryl thioacetate
FL/FR
2-
mercaptopropionic acid
FL/FR
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
methyl mercaptan
FL/FR
2-(
methyl thio) phenol
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
2-
methyl-1-butane thiol
FL
1,9-
nonane dithiol
FL
iso
propyl disulfide
FL
3-
methyl-1,2,4-trithiane
FL
alliaceous
alliaceous
allyl disulfide
FL
allyl mercaptan
FL
1,3-
butane dithiol
FL
cyclopentyl mercaptan
FL
dicyclohexyl disulfide
FL
dimethyl trisulfide
FL/FR
garlic oil extenders
FL
3-
mercapto-2-pentanone
FL
bacon
bacon reaction crispy
FL
burnt
1,6-
hexane dithiol
FL
caramellic
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
chemical
2,5-
dimethyl furan
FL
coffee
2-
ethyl-4-methyl thiazole
FL/FR
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
methyl furfuryl mercaptopropionate
FL
methyl furfuryl thiol
FL
earthy
(±)-2-
mercapto-5-methylheptan-4-one
FL
1,8-
octane dithiol
FL
2-
thienyl disulfide
FL
eggy
iso
propyl mercaptan
FL
fatty
pork
fat extract
FL
(E)-7-
methyl-3-octen-2-one
FL/FR
fruity
2-
ethyl-2,5-dihydro-4-methyl thiazole
FL
greasy
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
green
4-
methyl thiazole
FL
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
meaty
4-
allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL
bacon flavor
FL
beef broth flavor
FL
roast
beef flavor
FL
beef flavor
FL
BBQ
beef flavor
FL
beef flavor base
FL
benzothiazole
FL/FR
chicken bone extract
FL
chicken extract
FL
grilled
chicken flavor
FL
chicken flavor
FL
chicken key
FL
2,6-
dimethyl thiophenol
FL
2,5-
dimethyl-3-furan thiol
FL
2',3-
dimethyl-3',4-dioxa-2,8-dithiabicyclo(3.3.0)octane spirocyclopentane
FL
ethyl 2-hydroxyethyl sulfide
FL
4-
furfuryl thio-2-pentanone
FL
ham enhancers
FL
ham flavor
FL
hot dog flavor
FL
lamb flavor
FL
liver flavor
FL
meat broth concentrates
FL
meat flavors
FL
meaty dithiane
FL/FR
meaty enhancers
FL
3-
mercapto-2-butanone
FL
(R,S)-2-
mercapto-3-butanol
FL
3-
mercapto-3-methyl butanol
FL
2-
mercaptomethyl pyrazine
FL
2-
mercaptopropionic acid
FL/FR
2-
methyl 3-(methyl thio) furan
FL
2-(
methyl thio) phenol
FL/FR
methyl thiofuryl butanal
FL
bis(2-
methyl-3-furyl) disulfide
FL
S-(2-
methyl-3-furyl) ethane thioate
FL
2-
methyl-3-tetrahydrofuran thiol
FL
2-
methyl-3-thioacetoxytetrahydrofuran
FL
phenyl mercaptan
FL
grilled
pork flavor
FL
pork flavor
FL
roasted
pork flavor
FL
pyrazinyl ethane thiol
FL
2-
pyridinyl methane thiol
FL
rabbit flavor
FL
grilled
steak flavor
FL
sulfurol
FL/FR
sulfuryl acetate
FL/FR
thialdine
FL
ortho-
thiocresol
FL
ortho-
thioguaiacol
FL
smoked
turkey flavor
FL
turkey flavor
FL
roast
turkey flavor
FL
veal flavor
FL
venison flavor
FL
medicinal
2,6-
dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
metallic
2,5-
dihydroxy-1,4-dithiane
FL
moldy
strawberry furanone methyl ether
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-4-methyl thiazole
FL
2,6-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
filbert heptenone
FL/FR
2,6-
lutidine
FL/FR
nutty thiazole
FL
prunus amygdalus amara seed extract
FL/FR
onion
ethyl 2-mercaptopropionate
FL/FR
phenolic
2-
ethyl benzene thiol
FL
roasted
3,5-
diisobutyl-1,2,4-trithiolane
FL
furfuryl thioacetate
FL/FR
trigonella foenum-graecum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
savory
2,4,6-
triethyl tetrahydro-1,3,5-dithiazine
FL
smoky
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
spicy
hot spicy
beef flavor
FL
sulfurous
2,3-
butane dithiol
FL
butyl mercaptan
FL
fish thiol
FL/FR
furfuryl thiopropionate
FL
methyl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
FL
methyl mercaptan
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butane thiol
FL
2-
naphthyl mercaptan
FL
3-
pentane thiol
FL
roasted butanol
FL
tropical
3-
mercaptohexyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
yeasty
faex extracts
FL
 
Potential Uses:
FLcorn
FLmeat
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 beef cooked beef
Search PMC Picture
 
Synonyms:
3-[(furan-2-ylmethyl)disulfanyl]-2-methylfuran
3-(furan-2-ylmethyldisulfanyl)-2-methylfuran
 furan, 2-methyl-3-(2-furylmethyldithio)-
 furan, 3-[(2-furanylmethyl)dithio]-2-methyl-
2-furancarboxylic acid, 3-pentadecyl ester
3-(2-furanyl methyl)dithio)-2-methyl furan
3-(2-furanylmethyl)dithio)-2-methylfuran
2-furfuryl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
3-(furfuryl dithio)-2-ethyl furan
 furfuryl-2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
3-(furfuryldithio)-2-ethylfuran
3-(furfuryldithio)-2-methylfuran
 furylmethyl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfide
3-[(2-furylmethyl)disulfanyl]-2-methylfuran
2-methyl-3-((2-furanyl methyl)dithio) furan
2-methyl-3-((2-furanylmethyl)dithio)furan
2-methyl-3-[(2-furanylmethyl)-dithio]furan
(2-methyl-3-furanyl) (2-furfuryl) disulfide
(2-methyl-3-furyl) furfuryl disulfide
(2-methyl-3-furyl)furfuryl disulfide
3-[(2-furfuryl)dithio]-2-methyl-furan
 
 
Notes:
Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
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