Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium oil greece
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil wild zimbabwe
22trace-0.30  artemisyl alcohol
166.30-14.90  artemisyl ketone
19trace-0.10  artemisyl acetate
330.20-0.50  bicyclogermacrene
310.60-3.40  borneol
260.30-1.50  bornyl acetate
350.50-0.80delta- cadinene
380.10-0.90  calamenene
40.30-3.90  camphene
238.50-27.10 camphor + alpha-copaene
270.50-2.30beta- caryophyllene
39trace-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
110.10-27.901,8- cineole
36trace-0.50  cuminaldehyde
140.30-2.00para- cymene
90.10-0.20  dihydro-1,8-cineole
30.20-1.00alpha- fenchene
42trace-0.40  intermedeol
100.10-0.50  limonene
290.20-0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
250.20-0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40trace-0.10  methyl linolenate
41trace-0.50T- muurolol
70.10-1.10  myrcene
37trace-0.10  myrtenol
120.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
50.10-0.70beta- pinene
20.40-1.10alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
340.10-0.70(E)- piperitol
60.10-2.60  sabinene
241.80-4.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.20-0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.10-10.10  santolina alcohol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.10-1.10alpha- terpinene
130.30-1.90gamma- terpinene
320.10-0.70alpha- terpineol
300.10-2.50delta- terpineol
150.10-0.50  terpinolene
181.00-2.90alpha- thujone
20tracebeta- thujone
10.10-0.20  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia annua flower oil america
280.06allo- aromadendrene
92.10  artemisyl alcohol
756.00  artemisyl ketone
200.61  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
270.37beta- cadinene
82.09  camphene hydrate
1110.50  camphor
233.30beta- caryophyllene
293.26  caryophyllene oxide
67.701,8- cineole
210.31alpha- copaene
220.94beta- cubebene
260.11gamma- elemene
170.02para-ethyl camene
180.03iso eugenol
252.60beta- farnesene
240.01alpha- humulene
190.10 longipinene
140.40  myrtenal
160.14  myrtenol
30.24alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
120.23  sabinaketone
42.60  sabinene
100.72  sabinol
10.16  santolinatriene
131.10  terpinen-4-ol
150.09alpha- terpineol
20.13alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil france
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil vietnam
132.67  artemisyl alcohol
84.42  artemisyl ketone
190.63delta- cadinene
21.78  camphene
1123.75  camphor
176.29beta- caryophyllene
715.441,8- cineole
160.97alpha- cubebene
205.59beta- cubebene
64.08para- cymene
189.59beta- farnesene
151.01  geranyl acetate
102.93  limonene oxide
90.46  linalool
54.38  myrcene
10.74alpha- pinene
40.44beta- pinene
31.10  sabinene
142.27  terpinen-4-ol

N. X. Dung, P. A. Leclercq, D. H. Kiet and N. M. Tu, Chemical composition of Vietnamese Artemisia annua L. essential oil. Tap Chi Duoc Hoc, (2) 11-13 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

artemisia annua leaf oil america
312.02-8.45allo- aromadendrene
110.72-1.90  artemisyl alcohol
926.85-35.60  artemisyl ketone
230.90-0.36  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
300.18-0.50beta- cadinene
100.14-2.31  camphene hydrate
140.00-20.48  camphor
265.00-5.60beta- caryophyllene
320.95-1.75  caryophyllene oxide
88.70-28.101,8- cineole
241.10-1.55alpha- copaene
251.80-4.43beta- cubebene
290.40-0.66gamma- elemene
200.04-0.33para-ethyl camene
210.04-0.11iso eugenol
280.84-3.80beta- farnesene
270.03-0.71alpha- humulene
220.15 longipinene
60.71-0.94(E)-6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
170.20-0.50  myrtenal
190.10  myrtenol
30.40-0.50alpha- pinene
50.80-1.40beta- pinene
150.14-0.55  sabinaketone
41.10-3.80  sabinene
120.28-0.33(Z)- sabinene hydrate
130.00-1.70  sabinol
10.04-0.20  santolinatriene
160.14-1.84  terpinen-4-ol
70.22-0.40alpha- terpinene
180.08-0.12alpha- terpineol
20.01-0.10alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia herba-alba herb oil morocco
130.1  artemisyl alcohol
90.7  borneol
160.1  bornyl acetate
27tracedelta- cadinene
28tracegamma- cadinene
31.8  camphene
2110.3  camphor
12trace  carvacrol
230.8beta- caryophyllene
224.2  chrysanthenone
17trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1414.01,8- cineole
40.1para- cymene
261.7beta- elemene
243.1alpha- guaiene
25tracealpha- humulene
10trace  myrtenol
18trace  myrtenyl acetate
11.5alpha- pinene
20.8beta- pinene
50.2alpha- terpinene
71.5gamma- terpinene
85.3alpha- terpineol
150.1alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.1alpha- thujene
1923.9alpha- thujone
2020.1beta- thujone
11trace  thymol

A. Ouyabya, R. Negre, J. Viano, Y. F. Lozano and E. M. Gaydou, Essential oils from Moroccan Artemisia negrei, A. mesatlantica and A. herba-alba, Lebensmitt. Wiss u Technol., 23, 528-530 (1990).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

bombycilaena erecta oil greece
220.50  arteannuic alcohol
69.10  artemisyl alcohol
1010.70  artemisyl acetate
260.30beta- bisabolol
140.70iso bornyl acetate
250.40alpha- cadinol
33.60  camphene
818.80  camphor
92.60trans- carveol
110.30cis- carveol
120.40  carvotan acetone
150.90cis- carvyl acetate
191.00beta- caryophyllene
210.20  caryophyllene oxide
1312.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
200.30gamma- curcumene
270.407- ethyl-1,4-dimethyl azulene
242.00alpha- eudesmol
230.20  guaiol
290.80  hexadecanoic acid
171.50  italicene
161.20beta- maaliene
70.20  nonanal
20.40alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
280.30  tetradecanoic acid
10.90  tricyclene
514.90  yomogi alcohol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 360, (2000)
camomile sauvage oil morocco
132.30  artemisyl alcohol
282.50  bisabolene
191.00  borneol
202.20  bornyl acetate
261.30  bornyl butyrate
230.30iso bornyl propionate
300.80delta- cadinene
3340.50 cadinol
40.40  camphene
330.70  caryophylladienol
271.50beta- caryophyllene
320.80  caryophyllene oxide
90.501,8- cineole
240.30alpha- cubebene
160.302,7-dimethyl octa-3,6-dien-2-ol
220.70delta- elemene
295.00 germacrene
210.20  hexyl tiglate
100.80  limonene
150.30  linalool
71.00  myrcene
310.30  nerolidol
60.101- octen-3-ol
315.00alpha- pinene
173.00trans- pinocarveol
180.50  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
113.20  santolina alcohol
10.40  santolinatriene
250.30beta- selinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
140.25  terpinolene
20.04  tricyclene
82.40  yomogi alcohol

B. Toulemonde and D. Beauverd, Contribution a l’etude d’une camomille sauvage du Maroc: L’huile essentielle d’Ormenis mixta. Parfium, Cosmet. Aromes, 60, 65-67 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 2, 75, (1986)

matricaria chamomilla flower oil
160.39  artemisyl alcohol
130.51  artemisyl ketone
220.64  bicyclogermacrene
250.51alpha- bisabolol
2757.68  bisabolol oxide A
234.35  bisabolol oxide B
244.10  bisabolone oxide A
180.09beta- caryophyllene
2623.35  chamazulene
70.341,8- cineole
100.07para- cymene
20.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
192.92(E)-beta- farnesene
201.48  germacrene D
150.10(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
140.51(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
11trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
6trace  limonene
12trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
5trace  myrcene
90.70(E)-beta- ocimene
80.08(Z)-beta- ocimene
1tracealpha- pinene
4trace  propyl 2-methyl butyrate
30.22  sabinene
21tracebeta- selinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medicinal plants. In: Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants, Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttey and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296, ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

otanthus maritimus (l.) hoffmans oil greece
512.60  artemisyl alcohol
10.70  artemisia triene
810.50  artemisyl acetate
111.30  bornyl acetate
32.00  camphene
612.90  camphor
101.90trans-carvone oxide
130.60trans- carvyl acetate
72.70(Z)- chrysanthenol
930.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
419.101,8- cineole
170.807- ethyl-1,4-dimethyl azulene
161.10beta- eudesmol
120.50  lavandulyl acetate
14tracebeta- maaliene
20.20alpha- pinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 360, (2000)
tanacetum vulgare oil
161.60  artemisyl alcohol
1223.50  artemisyl ketone
180.10beta- bourbonene
31tracedelta- cadinene
30.60  camphene
196.00  camphor
296.60  carvone
230.30beta- caryophyllene
80.701,8- cineole
170.10alpha- copaene
200.10beta- copaene
100.80para- cymene
281.50  germacrene D
70.20  limonene
260.20  menthol
240.10neo menthol
10.10(E)-2-methyl-3-methylene hept-5-ene
60.10alpha- phellandrene
20.20alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
51.50  sabinene
270.20  sabinol
301.20  sabinyl 2-methyl butyrate
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
90.30gamma- terpinene
11trace  terpinolene
140.90alpha- thujone
1549.50beta- thujone
250.40isothujyl alcohol
320.20  viridiflorol
220.10beta- ylangene
131.10  yomogi alcohol

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished data (1976).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

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